Pink Floyd performing at Earls Court in 1973
|Genre (s)||Psychedelic rock , art rock , space rock , progressive rock|
|Syd Barrett (until 1968, † 2006)|
|Roger Waters (until 1985)|
|Richard Wright (until 1979, 1993 - † 2008)|
Vocals, guitar, bass, keyboard
|David Gilmour (since 1968)|
|Important live and studio musicians|
|Dick Parry (1973-1977, 1994)|
|Clare Torry (1973, 1990)|
|Roy Harper (1975)|
|Snowy White (1976-1980)|
|Richard Wright (1979-1981, 1987-1993)|
|Jon Carin (1986-1994, 2005)|
|Gary Wallis (1986-1994)|
Bass, Chapman Stick
|Tony Levin (1986-1987)|
|Guy Pratt (1987–1994, since 2014)|
Guitar, vocals, bass
|Tim Renwick (1987-1994, 2005)|
|Durga McBroom (1987–1994, since 2014)|
|Lorelei McBroom (1987-1989)|
|Sam Brown (1990-1994)|
|Candy Dulfer (1990)|
Pink Floyd was a British rock band founded in Cambridge in 1965 and existing until 2015 . With her music and the visual design of her records and stage appearances, she created a style that was new at the time. The information on the number of records they have sold varies between 260 and 300 million. Pink Floyd is one of the most successful bands ever. The concept album The Dark Side of the Moon (1973) is the world's third best-selling album and the concept album The Wall (1979) is the best-selling double album .
Under the direction of the first singer and guitarist Syd Barrett , the band initially belonged to the British psychedelic rock movement . After the frontman's withdrawal due to drug use and psychological problems in 1968, the group , consisting of Roger Waters , David Gilmour , Richard Wright and Nick Mason, developed an independent style with influences from progressive rock , blues , jazz as well as classical and new music . The texts, which were written entirely by Waters from 1973 (The Dark Side of the Moon) to 1983 ( The Final Cut ) , often deal critically with social and political issues.
The band's roots go back to the school days of Syd Barrett, Roger Waters and David Gilmour in Cambridge . Barrett and Waters attended Hills Road Sixth Form College and Gilmour attended Perse School on the same street. Barrett and Gilmour met during lunch breaks to play guitar and occasionally gave street concerts. A band has not yet been founded. In 1963 Barrett went to London. Gilmour founded the band Joker's Wild and from 1966 moved with another band relatively unsuccessfully through Spain and France.
The Syd Barrett Era: 1965 to 1968
In 1964 Roger Waters came to London and met the drummer Nick Mason and the pianist and organist Richard "Rick" Wright while studying architecture at the Polytechnic. They founded the cover band Sigma 6 and interpreted current blues and beat songs . Members of the group, initially seen as a rhythm and blues band, were also the singer and later wife of Rick Wright, Juliette Gale, the bassist Clive Metcalf and the singer Keith Noble. They changed the name to "The Tea Set" and guitarist Bob Klose joined them.
In 1965, the eccentric art student Syd Barrett joined the band as singer and guitarist. Gale, Metcalf, and Noble resigned soon after, and Waters switched from guitar to electric bass. Barrett gave the band the name "The Pink Floyd Sound", derived from the first names of his two favorite blues musicians Pink Anderson and Floyd Council . After recording the demos Lucy Leave and I'm a King Bee , Bob Klose also left the group. The name was shortened to The Pink Floyd and finally to Pink Floyd in 1968.
From 1966 Pink Floyd played in the London underground club UFO and became a house band there. The first mentions of the group developing under Barrett to the leading London underground band in the press came in the underground newspaper International Times and in the Sunday Times in October 1966; Both articles reported on her appearance at the London Roundhouse . On March 10, 1967, Pink Floyd released their first single Arnold Layne on EMI . A London radio station refused to broadcast because it was about a transvestite stealing underwear . The sources disagree on whether it was the pirate station Wonderful Radio London or BBC Radio London . On June 16 of the same year, her second single was released with the top ten hit of the same name, See Emily Play .
The band adopted Andy Warhol's idea of " mixed media ", for example in songs by Chuck Berry that were hacked up with electronic feedback techniques, and in trip fantasies accompanied by light and slide shows. This later developed into an increasingly sophisticated multi-media concept.
Barrett was formative for the early years of Pink Floyd, gave the psychedelic direction and wrote almost all the pieces for the first album The Piper at the Gates of Dawn and the first three singles. As the band grew in popularity, his mental state gradually deteriorated, compounded by excessive drug use, which made it increasingly difficult to work with him. Sometimes Barrett just stood motionless on the stage instead of playing. So it was that his school friend David Gilmour, whose own group had just disbanded, was accepted as a fifth member by Roger Waters in early 1968. A series of official photos were taken on this occasion, which are the only ones showing all five musicians together. Gilmour was initially only supposed to support Barrett in live performances, but eventually replaced him entirely. Barrett remained as a songwriter for the time being until it was decided in March 1968 to continue without him. The second album A Saucerful of Secrets only contains a single composition by Barrett ( Jugband Blues ). His remaining pieces from this period were recorded on two Barrett's solo albums in 1970, partly with the participation of Pink Floyd members, and published in the box The Early Years 2017. The discussion of the rest of the group with Barrett's departure and his mental illness was repeatedly addressed in the group's later work - and especially on the album Wish You Were Here .
Formation of a new style: 1968 to 1970
Performances by the group, especially in the UFO club in London , aroused the interest of film directors in their music. The band received several assignments to participate in film soundtracks, such as the films Zabriskie Point and More . The record More appeared almost at the same time as the double album Ummagumma , which includes a studio record , a quarter of whose music comes from one of the four band members, and a live part.
The phase of artistic reorientation continued with the next work. Atom Heart Mother from 1970 was the first Pink Floyd album to reach number one on the UK album charts. In addition to three songs that are influenced by folk , it contains the 23-minute suite Atom Heart Mother, in which an orchestra and a partially experimental choir were used, as well as the 13-minute sound collage Alan's Psychedelic Breakfast. The successor Meddle took 3rd place. The second side of the record fills the 23 minute long Echoes , which is considered to be groundbreaking for the subsequent development of the band. In the USA the success was initially lacking - despite well-attended and extensive tours, they couldn't get past 55th place. The film soundtrack Obscured by Clouds , which was the first of their albums to enter the American Top 50, was a notable success . Free Four , a relatively fast-paced song, was played more often on US radio stations than any of their previous singles.
Worldwide successes: 1971 to 1975
In the following years Pink Floyd became one of the most successful rock bands worldwide. Roger Waters developed more and more into a band leader and main songwriter. From 1973 - until he left the band in the mid-1980s - he wrote all of the band's lyrics, and his influence on the music grew noticeably. The group's first concept album, The Dark Side of the Moon , which was released in March 1973 with compositions by all four members, was based on his ideas . Initially cautiously received by contemporary critics, it became a classic of rock music. It was the first release of the band, which also had resounding success in the USA, documented by number 1 in the charts and a very successful tour, which cemented the band's superstar status and thus the commercial success of the band. The album, which was shaped by the leitmotif "madness", stayed 740 weeks in the American Billboard charts from 1973 to 1988 - an unsurpassed record to this day (these charts include the top 200 albums and take into account not only sales but also radio appearances ). It is believed that the multiple purchases required for this record also came about because the album was used as a reference album for testing high-end stereo systems due to its exceptional sound quality and scratches on the record prompted audiophile fans to buy again. When the album was released on CD in 1983, there was again an increase in purchases until the work gradually disappeared from the Billboard charts.
The follow-up work Wish You Were Here from 1975 was explicitly dedicated to Syd Barrett. The songs Wish You Were Here and Shine On You Crazy Diamond refer to the founding member. While working in the studio, the band received a visit from the psychotic Barrett, who had changed a lot in recent years and had lost touch with reality. Richard Wright later referred to the record as the best Pink Floyd album and Shine On You Crazy Diamond as the best Pink Floyd song that he wouldn't make the slightest change. The record has been pre-ordered 250,000 times in the UK. The album is considered the second classic in the band's catalog.
In 1975 Pink Floyd bought a former church on Britannia Row in the London borough of Islington , where they housed their own Britannia Row studios in addition to offices and warehouse . Parts of the albums have been recorded there since then. The event technology was outsourced as Britannia Row Productions in the same year and was initially housed in the same building complex.
The Roger Waters era: 1976 to 1985
The album Animals from 1977, which was partly pressed in pink vinyl, consists of three compositions with running times between ten and 17 minutes and the acoustic piece Pigs on the Wing . For the first time, a Pink Floyd album contained almost exclusively song contributions by Roger Waters; Gilmour was only significantly involved as a composer in Dogs . However, the song filled an entire album page. Musically rougher than the previous albums and provided with political and sarcastic lyrics, the album was generally less positively received by fans and critics than its direct predecessors. Waters in particular found the concerts in front of a large audience very exhausting and alienating. Animals never played songs on later tours . Only as a solo artist did Waters regularly perform large parts of the album years later.
Probably the most ambitious and largest project was the conception of the album The Wall in 1979. The recordings marked the first serious differences between the band members, mainly Gilmour and Waters, about where the band should develop. One last time, however, the conflicts could be translated into creativity, not least due to the mediation of the young Bob Ezrin , whom the band had brought in as a producer. All in all, Waters enforced his line, with a few exceptions all the songs come from him. As a composer, Gilmour was mainly involved in Run Like Hell and Comfortably Numb , the latter originally supposed to appear on his solo album , but he also contributed essential vocals and guitar parts to other songs. Wright, who also saw himself exposed to criticism from the other bandmates as a musician, left the band after the end of the recording: The break occurred in the autumn of 1979 when Wright refused to break off his family vacation in Greece to take part in a last session. which had become necessary to be able to release the album before Christmas, as requested by the record company. Waters was then able to convince Gilmour to fire Wright, threatening to otherwise realize The Wall as a solo project. Wright took part in the following The Wall concerts, never officially announced, but he was paid out of the Floyd partnership; In addition, additional fees were agreed depending on the completion of the various wall projects. Waters later claimed that Wright was too burned out to "play" and had given Bob Ezrin and studio musician Peter Wood many keyboard parts on The Wall . According to other reports, he was fired from Waters due to drug problems. Wright said, “Roger and I just couldn't get along anymore. No matter what I did, he was against it. It was impossible for me to work with him. "
Although controversial at the time of its release, the album is generally regarded as the band's last “classic” work. The concept album bears the autobiographical traits of Roger Waters and describes the increasing loneliness of a rock singer, due to the appropriation of the mother and the loss of the father. For the last time there were allusions to the fate of Syd Barrett, because Pink , the main character of The Wall , is a rock musician who loses touch with reality. A corresponding stage show framed this content: During the first half of the concert, a wall was erected on the stage to symbolize the alienation between the musicians and the audience. In the second half, the band played behind the wall and various clips were projected on the front. The Wall was only performed live in four locations: Los Angeles , New York , London and Dortmund (1981). In 1990, shortly after the fall of the Berlin Wall , Roger Waters performed The Wall again with his own guest musicians on the Berlin Wall between the Brandenburg Gate and Potsdamer Platz . From 2010, Roger Waters re-performed his solo project The Wall in a long, worldwide tour with a multimedia show in several countries.
The Wall was filmed in 1982 by Alan Parker with Bob Geldof in the lead role under the title Pink Floyd - The Wall , the music in the film and on the concept album differ in some pieces and vocal parts from each other. Gilmour later stated that the conflicts between him and Waters had escalated, especially in this context, and not already while working on the album. This has now claimed absolute artistic control.
The subsequent album, The Final Cut, from 1983, which was initially the last until the comeback in 1986, came entirely from the pen of Roger Waters and is dedicated to his father Eric Fletcher Waters, who was killed in World War II . In terms of composition, the album is a Waters solo work ("written by Roger Waters, performed by Pink Floyd") and contains several songs that the other musicians originally rejected as "too weak"; the reactions of the critics were also generally rather restrained. Gilmour, who is still very prominent as a singer and guitarist on The Wall , hardly appears on the album, but worked on his solo album About Face in parallel .
The David Gilmour Era: 1987-1995
In 1985 the tensions between Waters and Gilmour led to the exit of Waters, who then single-handedly declared the band to be dissolved. A long legal battle over the band name ensued: Gilmour, whose solo project had previously received little attention, wanted to continue with Mason under the name "Pink Floyd" in 1986 and finally prevailed in court. Years later, Waters admitted that his attempt to break up Pink Floyd against the will of the other musicians had been a mistake.
During the recording of the new project A Momentary Lapse of Reason (1987), Wright also came back, but not yet as a full member, as Gilmour and Mason had financed the album alone. In the end, it was more of a solo project by Gilmour, with the help of various studio musicians and songwriters, and met with enthusiasm from the fans. The reactions of the critics to Pink Floyd's 13th studio album, some of which stated weaknesses in the song material, which would be masked by a bombastic production in keeping with the spirit of the times, and in particular criticized the quality of the lyrics, were divided. The album sold well.
Despite the ongoing legal battle with Waters, the new album started on September 9, 1987 on a world tour. Pink Floyd also played a few pieces from the Waters era, but continued to restrict themselves to performing more than three pieces by The Wall per concert in accordance with the agreement with Waters (with the exception of Another Brick in the Wall and Gilmour's Run Like Hell and Comfortably numb ). One stop on the tour was the Berlin Reichstag on June 16, 1988 , in the immediate vicinity of the Berlin Wall. Beyond the wall, on Unter den Linden , there were around 5,000 people standing to listen. On July 21, 1990, the rock spectacle The Wall , initiated by Roger Waters, was staged at Potsdamer Platz in Berlin , with guest stars such as Scorpions , Bryan Adams , Cyndi Lauper , Sinead O'Connor and Joni Mitchell .
Towards the end of the tour, a next-threatening sound waves and a huge pile of rubbish manufacturing concert on a floating island before took place on 15 July 1989 was approximately 200,000 viewers St. Mark's Square in Venice instead. The last event was on July 18, 1989 in Marseille at the Velodrome stadium. The disputes between Waters and the rest of the band ended with a provisional agreement in which the rights and shares in the albums, the songs and the band name were regulated. Roger Waters continued to tour with well-known guest musicians and wrote his own material. In his live program he also used many Pink Floyd pieces.
Since the 1992 published video La Carrera Panamericana Wright was again a full member of the band. The soundtrack of the video contains several pieces of music published only there by the three remaining Floyds. The trio then released the album The Division Bell in the spring of 1994 . The band had reverted to their previous way of working this time, and for the first time since 1975 Wright and Mason were intensely involved in songwriting again. The commercial success of the CD, however, was much greater than the approval of the critics, who noted mostly artistic stagnation, sentimentality, self-plagiarism and lack of imagination. This was followed by a world tour and the live album Pulse (1995). No new material appeared in the 19 years that followed.
Post Division Bell Era: 1996 to 2005
In 2000 the double album Is There Anybody Out There? The Wall Live 1980-1981 before, 2001 a double CD (Best of) called Echoes . At that time rumors first came to the public that Waters, mediated by Mason, would slowly approach the other musicians again. A DVD version of the 1971 concert in the amphitheater in Pompeii was released in 2003 without the musicians' cooperation being requested. Gilmour later clearly distanced himself from this DVD.
Pink Floyd, including Roger Waters, performed in July 2005 at the Live 8 event organized by Bob Geldof , which included a concert in London's Hyde Park . This is the first time (and the last time) since 1981 they played together again in the line-up of the time of their greatest successes and fueled speculations about a “reunion tour” or even a new album. They played Speak to me / Breathe / Breathe Reprise , Money , Wish You Were Here and Comfortably Numb . With regard to further appearances, Gilmour changed his mind several times during interviews on the occasion of his solo tour in 2006. Waters, however, as well as Nick Mason, said he would be very happy to work with them. In an interview in September 2007, Gilmour recently expressed his skepticism about the band's reunion: “What I can say is that the prospects of a Pink Floyd reunion are really extremely slim, apart from one-off, important occasions like ' Live 8 'was one. ”However, he could not and does not want to announce the official end of Pink Floyd, especially since there are legal reasons that prevent him from doing so.
More recent developments since 2006
On July 7, 2006, Pink Floyd co-founder Syd Barrett died at the age of 60. At a memorial concert on May 10, 2007, in addition to the artists Chrissie Hynde and Damon Albarn , Roger Waters and the other three members of Pink Floyd appeared, but separately from each other. Waters played his piece Flickering Flame towards the end of the first half . He was accompanied by keyboardist Jon Carin , who already played on the Floyd tours between 1987 and 1994, on Waters' solo concerts in 2000 and between 2006 and 2008, on Pink Floyd's Live 8 performance and on Gilmour's 2006 tour . Gilmour, Wright and Mason then played (before the finals) as the last artist of the evening, Arnold Layne . Actually, Waters should have played Shine On You Crazy Diamond in the second half of the concert ; However, he had left during the break and was therefore no longer in the final.
The DVD release of a recording of the 1994 tour entitled Pulse , which was documented in 1995 by the live album of the same name, became one of the best-selling music DVDs in 2006 and won numerous awards.
In 2007, for the 40th anniversary of the first release of the album The Piper at the Gates of Dawn, a limited 3-CD box set was released with the stereo and mono mix of the album and the three singles from 1967 as well as previously unreleased alternative versions of songs from the album.
On September 15, 2008, Pink Floyd co-founder Richard Wright died of cancer at the age of 65. David Gilmour paid tribute to Wright on his website with an emotional obituary in which he described him as a quiet and humble person and an important friend and part of his musical career. Waters also used his website to commemorate Richard Wright. He noted that Wright's musical influence on Pink Floyd couldn't be appreciated enough. He recalled songs like Us & Them or The Great Gig In The Sky , both of which were written by Wright. At the same time, he said that he was lucky to have performed again with Wright on Live 8 and that he regretted that there had been no further appearances with Wright, Gilmour and Mason afterwards.
Nick Mason stated in an interview in April 2009 that after Wright's death he found it very difficult to imagine Pink Floyd performing again. On July 10, 2010, Waters and Gilmour performed together in favor of the "Hoping Foundation" (Hope and Optimism for Palestinians in the Next Generation) in front of about 200 invited guests and played a cover version of To Know Him is To Love Him , the Pink -Floyd songs Wish You Were Here and Comfortably Numb as well as an encore Another Brick In The Wall (Part 2) . The two were accompanied by Chester Kamen, Harry Waters, Andy Newmark and Guy Pratt, among others. Waters then announced that an appearance by David Gilmour was planned on Waters' upcoming tour. Finally, on May 12, 2011 in the O2 Arena in London , the announced guest appearance by David Gilmour on the piece Comfortably Numb actually took place . At the end of the concert, Waters and Gilmour played Outside The Wall , accompanied by drummer Nick Mason, who was also present . Waters could be heard on the trumpet while Gilmour played the mandolin and Mason hit a tambourine. Following this, the three surviving members of Pink Floyd left the stage together to the frenetic cheers of the fans. But it was not an official Pink Floyd reunion, as some of the press incorrectly read afterwards.
Later, the remaining Pink Floyd members no longer appeared together, but there were performances by individual members who then played pieces by Pink Floyd. For example, Nick Mason recently performed at the closing event of the Olympic Games in London on August 12, 2012 with the piece Wish You Were Here .
On July 5, 2014, Gilmour's wife Polly Samson announced the release of a new album of song material in October 2014 in a message on the short message service Twitter , most of which had been made with Richard Wright during the recording of The Division Bell in 1994 . The album should be called The Endless River . The title goes back to a line of text from the song High Hopes . The compositions, originally designed as instrumental pieces, had been revised and expanded by Gilmour and Mason since 2013, and in some cases provided with texts and vocals. It was decided to go viral because an unnamed insider had previously reported information about the album to the tabloid The Sun. Contrary to what Polly Samson said, the new album should now be released in November 2014. It was finally released on November 7, 2014 on CD, LP and Bluray. Waters was not involved in the recordings. Gilmour and Mason confirmed to BBC editor Matt Everitt that they would not publish any more Pink Floyd albums after The Endless River .
New use of technology
Pink Floyd used the Binson Echorec as an effects device for the first time . a. to create the bass runs of One of These Days (on Meddle ). They also used analog sampling in the form of tape loops . Pink Floyd discovered this technique in 1970 with the avant-garde artist Ron Geesin , who also worked on her album Atom Heart Mother . In particular, the technique was used on The Dark Side of the Moon , including the cash register loop of the song Money and the album intro Speak to Me .
In the studio, the band benefited from the recording conditions of Abbey Road Studios , where the Beatles had already worked, as well as - on Atom Heart Mother and The Dark Side of the Moon - from the collaboration of sound engineer Alan Parsons , who also acted as producer. In their live shows, Pink Floyd used the technique of quadrophony for the first time live (which they tested unsuccessfully on some albums) by using a so-called azimuth coordinator to let prefabricated sounds wander through the hall, including behind the audience. After all, Pink Floyd was one of the first rock bands to use a synthesizer as a central instrument (on the album The Dark Side of the Moon ), the EMS-Synthi-AKS synthesizer. For example, the song On the Run is based almost entirely on a repetitive synthesizer sequence.
David Gilmour was influenced in his playing styles by blues and rock 'n' roll as well as by folk music. Typical blues techniques such as bends and slides run through several famous solos. Gilmour mostly played electric guitars of the Fender Stratocaster and Fender Telecaster models via Hiwatt amplifiers with WEM (4 × 15) and Marshall (4 × 12) boxes, and several effects pedals were also used. He also played lap steel slide guitars , which can be heard on Breathe , The Great Gig in the Sky , Shine On You Crazy Diamond (Part 6–9) , High Hopes and One of These Days .
Richard Wright initially used different organs, the sound of the Hammond B3 organ being particularly characteristic . Synthesizers were used at Pink Floyd from 1972, the EMS VCS 3 and Minimoog models characterize his solo parts on the albums The Dark Side of the Moon , Wish You Were Here and Animals . Wright learned to play the piano as a self-taught. His earliest influences include Bach , Beethoven and Romantic composers . Like Gilmour later, he preferred to use extended chords in his compositions. This approach went against the compositional style of Roger Waters, who preferred simple chord progressions.
The characteristic sound is determined by Gilmour's melodic guitar playing and the sound carpets by Richard Wright. In contrast to the bands of progressive rock, which was blossoming at the same time, the rhythm section around electric bass and drums plays a rather subordinate role. Odd meters like the 7/8 time in the intro and the verse of Money are more the exception than the rule, the compositions are mainly in the down to mid tempo range. Typical for playing the bass is the accentuated change between the chord root and its octave tone, supplemented by varying transitions. Nick Mason's drumming generally remains subtle in the background, but offers subtle nuances. In particular, each of his breaks is individually and individually designed.
After Syd Barrett left as frontman, the vocals were usually split between David Gilmour and Roger Waters, sometimes even within a piece. Richard Wright also occasionally took on a second voice . Nick Mason's voice can only be heard on a few pieces: In One of These Days he says the only sentence of the piece, "One of these days I'm going to cut you into little pieces", while in Corporal Clegg he takes turns in the verse sings with David Gilmour. On the two albums The Dark Side of the Moon and Wish You Were Here a guest singer can be heard each time: the soul singer Clare Torry improvised a vocal performance to the piano chords of The Great Gig in the Sky ; The singer-songwriter Roy Harper appeared as the singer of Have a Cigar , as Waters did not feel up to the song at the time. At Pink Floyd, choirs were used in very different musical contexts: Atom Heart Mother contains a passage lasting a few minutes in which a mixed choir performs melodic fragments with increasing intensity to accompany organ, bass and drums. The inclusion of a group of soul singers in several parts of The Dark Side of the Moon and Wish You Were Here mainly serves to round off the atmosphere. Finally, Another Brick in the Wall, Pt. 2 as one of the most famous Pink Floyd singles, half (second verse) sung by a school choir.
Influences on later bands
The Krautrock bands Amon Düül , Ash Ra Tempel , Guru Guru , Novalis , Kraftwerk and Tangerine Dream are strongly influenced by the Pink Floyd sound. Tangerine Dream released the album Madcap's Flaming Duty, conceived as a tribute to Syd Barrett, in 2007 . While Amon Düül was more oriented towards the sound experiments of the "psychedelic phase" of Pink Floyd music, Tangerine Dream followed the music of the "programmatic phase" with its long-lasting harmonies and structures.
Porcupine Tree quoted passages from the Animals album, the song Dogs in their song Time Flies .
The British new art rock band Crippled Black Phoenix will u. a. more often compared to Pink Floyd. Their third EP called Oh'Ech-Oes contains only reinterpretations of the songs Echoes from the Pink Floyd album Meddle and Childhood End's from Obscured by Clouds .
Pink Floyd's music had a formative influence on numerous musicians. Bands from the progressive rock environment such as Yes , Tool , Porcupine Tree , Pure Reason Revolution , RPWL , Shamall , Solar Project and Pallas are taking up the musical design elements and styles of Pink Floyd again. Dream Theater played the complete album The Dark Side of the Moon live in 2005 .
The metal bands Anathema , The Gathering and Tiamat are also influenced by the music of Pink Floyd. Tiamat recorded the apparently Pink Floyd-inspired concept album Wildhoney in 1994 . Bands like Fields of the Nephilim and some industrial bands also have their roots partly in the music of Pink Floyd.
At concerts or as studio recordings, musicians of various styles covered pieces by Pink Floyd, including Pearl Jam (Interstellar Overdrive) , the Foo Fighters with Brian May (Have a Cigar) and later with Roger Waters (In The Flesh?) , The Scissor Sisters ( Comfortably Numb) , Nightwish (High Hopes) , Wyclef Jean (Wish You Were Here), Korn (Another Brick in the Wall) , Shadows Fall (Welcome to the Machine) as well as the Bloodhound Gang and the Ska band The Busters .
In addition, several bands completely covered the commercially most successful album The Dark Side of the Moon . So put The Flaming Lips their interpretation of the classic as Flaming Side of the Moon before.
In assessing the various creative phases of the band, opinions differ greatly. A rough periodization is attempted below.
Pink Floyd was one of the most popular psychedelic rock bands. The driving artistic force was Syd Barrett. This was particularly evident in his songwriting. In addition to the first five singles, which were released in 1992 on the remastered CD The Early Singles by EMI Records Ltd. included as part of the Shine On box set , the first five albums belong to the psychedelic phase.
- 1967 - Arnold Layne / Candy and a Currant Bun
- 1967 - See Emily Play / Scarecrow
- 1967 - Apples and Oranges / Paintbox
- 1968 - It Would Be So Nice / Julia Dream
- 1968 Point Me at the Sky / Careful with That Ax, Eugene
- 1967 - The Piper at the Gates of Dawn (title of the seventh chapter of The Wind in the Willows )
- 1968 - A Saucerful of Secrets (Transition)
- 1969 - More (Soundtrack)
- 1969 - Ummagumma
- 1971 - Relics (Transition - This is a compilation of pieces from 1967–1969, some of which did not appear on albums.)
The band's music at this time was influenced by psychedelic influences from the Byrds (see the song Eight Miles High ) and the Beatles ( Revolver and Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band ). Many of the tracks on the first album, such as The Gnome , Flaming , or Arnold Layne , are still firmly in the tradition of beat music of the 1960s. Sometimes a bizarre musical humor shows up in titles like Scarecrow or Bike . In the title Corporal Clegg ( ), for example, a part reminiscent of birthday or circus music with its nasal melody and cymbal beats is built in.
Modal jazz and world music experiments such as those by Yusef Lateef or John Coltrane are increasingly influencing the band. For example, the organ solo from Matilda Mother is based on a Phrygian-dominant scale . Titles like Careful with That Ax, Eugene , or the likewise modal set the Control for the Hearts of the Sun ( ) with its ostinate bass, subtle bangs , and interspersed “keyboard swabs” unfold a hypnotic, Arabic and Indian style Music reminding effect. In harmony, the music is more daring than later works by the band. So surprised Astronomy Domine ( ) with the unusual chord progression E - It - G - A - E6 - F - E6 - G . The band's experimental ambitions reach a climax on the album Ummagumma . Titles like the atonal Sysyphus , the long stretches of sounds and varied be colored percussion existing A Saucerful of Secrets , as well as in the style of concrète Musique constructed Several Species of Small Furry Animals Gathered Together in a Cave and Grooving with a Pict refer to the classic 20th century music . On More , the band shows itself to be more influenced by acoustic folk music in titles like Green Is the Color , Cymbaline , and the harmoniously daring Cirrus Minor ( ) within the rock context .
Pink Floyd's first two single releases ( Arnold Layne and See Emily Play ) only rudimentarily expressed the band's psychedelic tendencies.
Pink Floyd developed the ethereal sound typical for them, which never denies the role models of rock and blues history. Milestones in this phase are the 23-minute piece Echoes from the album Meddle and the 23-minute piece Atom Heart Mother from the album of the same name.
The titles of this phase, some of which are over 20 minutes long, are constructed using overarching musical design features and arcs. For example, Echoes unfolds from the simplest conceivable musical nucleus, a single tone. The first two triads ( C sharp minor and G sharp minor ) of the song ( ) are repeated several times with the sound of an echo sounder ( guided by the grand piano over a Leslie cabinet ), repeated three-stroke H. The instrumentation is designed in parallel . One after the other, bass, drums, other keyboard sounds and vocals are added. The title has a large three - dimensional form, in which two harmoniously more conventionally designed parts enclose a sound-painting middle section mainly made up of noises. The dynamic development , which only speaks up towards the end with a “stronger drum kit”, additionally supports this process.
The mentioned various design elements of this phase are balanced with a harmonic that is simpler than in the psychedelic phase . The vocal part of Echoes is based on a "conventional" chord sequence consisting of pure triads: C sharp minor - G sharp minor - F sharp minor - G sharp major - C sharp major - G sharp major - F sharp minor - G sharp major , a shift to A major , and again C sharp minor ( ).
- "On the whole, Pink Floyd music sounds hardly any different than when you play a violin sonata from the 19th century on the Hammond organ."
There is a conscious reference to classic shapes and aesthetics, as on Atom Heart Mother . Here, for example, the cantilena of the cello in Father's Shout, which is based on simple triads, is accompanied by simple, broken triads in the title song of the same name. Nevertheless, even in this phase, more daring parts are harmoniously built into the title. So the upward, is diatonic clear wind line of the beginning of Atom Heart Mother ( ) later with a chromatic , in fourths and fifths accompanied answered atonal acting line.
The special charm of the entire piece arises from the interplay of a classically orchestrated orchestra and the instruments of a rock band as well as the experimental vocal use of a choir.
There were three first concept albums that did not consist of individual titles, but brought them together in an overarching context. David Gilmour's guitar came to the fore, especially on Shine On You Crazy Diamond. Milestones are the albums The Dark Side of the Moon and Wish You Were Here . The music combines the tried and tested "two-dimensional elements" of the programmatic phase, such as in Breathe (Reprise) or Shine on You Crazy Diamond (Part 1) with harder, more rock-oriented songs, shaped by the electric guitar, such as in Time , Money ( Clare Torry's ecstatic singing in The Great Gig in the Sky as well as light jazz influences from Dick Parry's saxophone in Money , Us and Them and Shine on You Crazy Diamond (Part 5) ( ) shape the music.) or Pigs (three different ones) . The use of
Nevertheless, the individual tracks are held together by overarching musical structures. Despite its musical diversity , The Dark Side of the Moon is united by overarching bonds. The prominent semitone step from F sharp to F is a continuous characteristic of many songs. The interval of the tetrachord in ascending and descending form is also a bracket that connects the individual songs. He appears in Breathe , Us and Them and in Eclipse's Passacaglia bass .
Despite the sprawling length of its songs, the album Animals is more of a transition work to the following phase with its rough sound, instead of keyboards more influenced by electric guitars ().
This phase was dominated by Roger Waters, although Gilmour initially made important contributions. The texts and the intellectual concept received a significant upgrade, although critics of this phase criticized that this was ultimately done at the expense of aesthetics. Nevertheless, the double album The Wall with its comparatively succinct songs is counted among the three most important albums of the band alongside The Dark Side of the Moon and Wish You Were Here . In order to adequately represent the textual statements, the band uses a wide variety of musical means and styles in this work, created in 1979. The usual orchestral tracks like Comfortably Numb are juxtaposed with rock and hard rock oriented songs like Young Lust , Run Like Hell or The Happiest Days of Our Lives . Another Brick in the Wall (Part II) , the most successful song in the band's history, was released as a single and picks up on influences from the dance music of the time. In addition, sparsely occupied ballads such as B. Nobody Home . This song, inspired by Randy Newman , to which strings will only be added later, begins, matching the textual statement of loneliness and isolation, with the piano and Waters' singing alone ( ).
Musical parody is another design tool. The accusation against the “clinging mother” in Mother is countered musically with simple chords held in the style of a traveling guitar . On Bring the Boys back Home , the pacifist text message is taken ad absurdum by snare drum rhythms , brass instruments and “mass choirs” borrowed from military music . In the finale The Trial , reminiscent of the comic opera by Gilbert and Sullivan , Waters sings to orchestral accompaniment.
A subordination of music to the message is only clearly noticeable in The Final Cut , which was published in the middle of the Cold War with a clear anti-war message . What was still successful on The Wall , now, in the opinion of most critics, failed. This can be seen here in the recitative declamation of texts over a reduced foundation of slowly changing harmonies, bass tones and noises, as in Paranoid Eyes or The Post War Dream ( ) where the music is almost only a background for the message of the Forms texts. The album is quieter and less oriented towards rock music than its predecessor.
This phase ended with the departure of Roger Waters due to artistic differences with David Gilmour and Nick Mason. Some critics also regard the album The Final Cut as the first solo album by Waters, on which the other members only appeared as guest musicians, which is also reflected on the back of the cover: The Final Cut - a Requiem for the post war dream by Roger Waters. Performed by Pink Floyd.
Without Roger Waters, the band was shaped by Gilmour and released two more albums, A Momentary Lapse of Reason and The Division Bell, as well as two live albums from the accompanying tours , with great commercial success . Turning away from The Wall and especially The Final Cut, they represent a synthesis between the programmatic and the classical phase of their earlier music (which in retrospect can hardly be called innovative) . While A Momentary Lapse of Reason mainly criticized the lyrics, which could not match the level of the Waters work, The Division Bell was in the opinion of most critics - but not in the eyes of many fans - also musically unsuccessful and unimaginative. In 2014 the largely instrumental album The Endless River followed , based on unreleased recordings from the 1993/94 sessions.
All band members have also released solo albums, which have achieved varying degrees of success.
Panorama shows in planetariums
The Pink Floyd panorama shows to music albums The Wall , Dark Side of the Moon and Wish You Were Here the British rock group Pink Floyd are planetarium developed screenings in 360 degree - Multimedia - choreography with additional laser effects and artificial smoke from smoke machines . They are based on the songs of the band and are considered a cosmic homage to their members Roger Waters , David Gilmour , Nick Mason and Richard Wright .
The show is based on the 1979 album The Wall. Like the LP, it begins with the song In the Flesh? For this purpose, some of the images already known from the film or from the cover of the album The Wall are thrown onto the dome of the planetarium. The whole show lasts 60 minutes and includes other well-known songs such as Another Brick in the Wall , Comfortably Numb , Goodbye Cruel World or Is There Anybody Out There? . The whole thing is told as a story of little Pink who lost his father in the war . The song Goodbye Blue Sky is accompanied by pictures of falling bombs and planes. The wall towers higher and higher until it finally collapses and the show ends with Outside the Wall .
Dark Side of the Moon
The projection points to the sounds of the 1973 album both into the depths of the universe and into the depths of the human soul. For songs like Speak to me , Time , Money or Eclipse , images from three-dimensional worlds are shown and enriched with light effects. The pictures themselves tell the story of the songs.
Wish You Were Here
The songs on the 1975 album flow into one another. Shine On You Crazy Diamond is the central theme, which musically is strongly pervaded by Richard Wright's keyboard and synthesizer sounds. The theme song Wish You Were Here is a melancholy homage to former band leader Syd Barrett . The 360 ° Full Dome - Visualization of Aaron McEuen is adapted to the style of music that is being dispensed with narrative effects and the emphasis is on the visualization of music and some psychedelic color effects using that can captivate the audience and amplify the effect of the music.
“We're still producing shows like No Doubt, we're even thinking about an OutKast show, but we cannot take Pink Floyd off the system […] We updated 'Dark Side of the Moon' just last year.”
“Pink Floyd's 1979 album The Wall is one of the most creative creations in rock music. Another Brick in the Wall, Hey You, Run Like Hell u. a. draw the story of an anti-hero between war and longing in the 20th century. "
In 2017, the first scientifically described was kind Synalpheus pinkfloydi from the family of alpheidae named after Pink Floyd - because of their ability with their large, pink scissors bangs in the volume of a rock band to produce. The species was discovered off the Pacific coast of Panama , the type specimens have been deposited in the Museu de Zoologia of the Universidade de São Paulo in São Paulo ( Brazil ) and in the Zoological Collections of the Oxford University Museum of Natural History in Oxford ( England ).
- Mark Blake: Pink Floyd. The definitive biography . Hannibal Verlag, Höfen 2016, ISBN 978-3-85445-605-6 (Original edition: Pigs Might Fly - The Inside Story Of Pink Floyd ).
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- Andy Mabbett: The complete guide to the music of Pink Floyd. Omnibus, London 1995, ISBN 0-7119-4301-X .
- Philippe Margotin, Jean-Michel Guesdon: Pink Floyd. All songs. The stories behind the tracks. Delius Klasing Verlag, Bielefeld 2018, ISBN 978-3-667-11410-5 .
- Nick Mason: Inside Out. My personal portrait of Pink Floyd. Rockbuch, Schlüchtern 2005, ISBN 3-927638-09-9 (original edition: Inside Out ).
- Nick Mason: Inside Out. My story with Pink Floyd. Extended and updated edition. Edel, Hamburg 2018, ISBN 978-3-8419-0639-7 (with photos, chronicle and register).
- Barry Miles : Pink Floyd: A visual documentary. Omnibus, London 2001, ISBN 0-7119-4109-2 .
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- Paul Sahner : Pink Floyd. Electronic rock in perfection. Heyne, Munich 1980, ISBN 3-453-80044-3 .
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- Nicholas Schaffner: Saucerful of Secrets - The Pink Floyd Odyssey .
- Pink Floyd. From underground to supergroup. Heyne, Munich 1994; revised and updated new edition under the title Pink Floyd. From underground to rock icon. Hannibal, Höfen 2004, ISBN 3-85445-248-9 .
- Jürgen Seibold : Pink Floyd. Zsolnay, Vienna 1993, ISBN 3-552-05088-4 .
- Storm Thorgerson : Welcome to the picture: Pink Floyd Cover through the ages. PPVMedien, Bergkirchen 2004, ISBN 3-932275-90-X .
- Storm Thorgerson: Pink Floyd: Shine on. Stace, 1992 (book for the CD box).
- Marcus Hearn (Ed.): A tribute to Pink Floyd. Photographs from the Rex Collection. Schwarzkopf & Schwarzkopf, Berlin 2008, ISBN 978-3-89602-823-5 .
- May 13 to October 1, 2017: Pink Floyd: Their Mortal Remains. in the Victoria and Albert Museum , London. Exhibition catalog: ISBN 978-1-85177-916-1 .
- January 19, 2018 to July 1, 2018: Their Mortal Remains at MACRO , Rome
- September 16, 2018 to February 10, 2019: Their Mortal Remains at Dortmunder U , Dortmund
- May 10, 2019 to October 27, 2019: Their Mortal Remains at IFEMA , Madrid
- Official website of Pink Floyd (English)
- Official website for the remastered albums (multilingual)
- Pink Floyd at Discogs (English)
- Pink Floyd at MusicBrainz (English)
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- Making of Dark Side of the moon . someday
- Planetarium Hamburg The Cosmic Wall - A monument to Pink Floyd.
- Pink Floyd - The Wall, Dark Side of the Moon, Wish you were here. Wolfsburg Planetarium
- Pink Floyd Planetarium Laser Shows. Miami Science Museum
- The Wall, Dark Side of the Moon, Wish you were here. University of Texas Planetarium
- Pink Floyd - The Wall. Melbourne Planetarium
- Chrystal Voyager in the English language Wikipedia, a surf film with the piece of music Echoes . The film was used by Pink Floyd as a stage backdrop during this play.
- Established in 1965
- rollingstone.de: "Pink Floyd have it behind them": David Gilmour rules out a reunion
- RIP Pink Floyd, legendary psych-rock band is officially broken up
- The 10 most successful bands of all time.
- Nicholas Schaffner: Pink Floyd. From underground to supergroup. Heyne, Munich 1994, ISBN 3-453-07526-9 , pp. 49-51.
- Nicholas Schaffner: Pink Floyd. From underground to supergroup. Heyne, Munich 1992, p. 34 f.
- The complete guide to the music of Pink Floyd. ISBN 0-7119-4301-X .
- Nicholas Schaffner: Pink Floyd. From underground to supergroup. Heyne, Munich 1994, ISBN 3-453-07526-9 , pp. 53-59.
- Vernon Fitch: Pink Floyd - The Press Report. Collector's Guide Publishing, Ontario, ISBN 1-896522-72-6 , p. 9
- Vernon Fitch: The Pink Floyd Encyclopedia. Collector's Guide Publ., New York 2005, ISBN 1-894959-24-8
- Nicholas Schaffner: Saucerful of Secrets - The Pink Floyd Odyssey. ISBN 0-385-30684-9
- Band chronicle 1967 on the band's website, accessed on March 11, 2014 (English).
- Gilmour to release Barrett's single BBC-News, November 2006 accessed on March 14, 2014 (English).
- Wieland Harms: Wish You Were Here. In: Wieland Harms: The Unplugged Guitar Book. 20 of the most beautiful songs for acoustic guitar. Gerig Music, ISBN 3-87252-249-3 , pp. 34–39, here: p. 34.
- June Bolan: “He wrote wonderful songs; the lyrics were just fantastic. [...] At that time he was the real creative head of the group. Whenever he was working on a song at home, he would think about what the drummer should play, what the bass should sound like. He played both rhythm and lead guitar. During rehearsals he went to Nick and said: 'You have to play it this way and that', and that's how it was done. ”(Nicholas Schaffner: Pink Floyd. From Underground to Supergroup. Heyne, Munich 1994, ISBN 3-453 -07526-9 , p. 68)
- Andrew King: "Barrett was one hundred percent creative while working on the album and was very hard on himself. His perfectionism even extended to the usually dull mixing process at the time, where he apparently pushed the controls up and down at will." (Nicholas Schaffner: The British Invasion. McGraw-Hill, New York 1982, ISBN 0-07-055089-1 , p. 143)
- Nicholas Schaffner: Pink Floyd. From underground to supergroup. 2nd Edition. Hannibal, Höfen 2005, ISBN 3-85445-248-9 , pp. 209-210.
- See Wright's statements in the documentary The Pink Floyd and Syd Barrett Story
- Nicholas Schaffner: Pink Floyd. From underground to supergroup. Heyne, Munich 1994, ISBN 3-453-07526-9 , pp. 321-323.
- Der Tagesspiegel : Even without a bollard, the Americans felt well guarded . 4th July 2008
- Wieland Harms: The Unplugged Guitar Book. 20 of the most beautiful songs for acoustic guitar. Gerig Music, ISBN 3-87252-249-3 , p. 35.
- Wieland Harms: The Unplugged Guitar Book. 20 of the most beautiful songs for acoustic guitar. Gerig Music, ISBN 3-87252-249-3 , p. 35.
- Pink Floyd in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame
- Die Welt : David Gilmour: "I am a family man who plays guitar" . September 16, 2007
- Homepage of davidgilmour.com (accessed on September 18, 2008) and blog entry ( memento of October 20, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) (September 15, 2008)
- Start page of roger-waters.com (accessed on October 3, 2008) and archive entry on the fansite "Pulse & Spirit" (accessed on October 3, 2008)
- Songs were 'To Know Him Is To Love Him', which, I'm told, regularly featured in Pink Floyd sound checks way back when, followed by Pink Floyd favorites: 'Wish You Were Here', 'Comfortably Numb', and the one that got everybody singing along, 'Another Brick in the Wall (Part Two)'. ( January 19, 2012 memento on the Internet Archive ), davidgilmourblog.com, accessed July 8, 2012
- Waters announced this in a statement on his Facebook page: I quote [David Gilmour] "If you do 'To Know Him Is To Love Him' for The Hoping Foundation Gig, I'll come and do 'C. Numb 'on one of your wall shows ”. Well! You could have knocked me down with a feather. How fucking cool!
- Pink Floyd album The Endless River. Retrieved July 23, 2015 .
- Pink Floyd: “The Endless River” will be the last album. Report on showbiz.de from October 9, 2014 (accessed October 9, 2014).
- David Gilmour: “'One of these days' evolved from some of my experiments with the Binson, as did 'Echoes' [also from Meddle]. One day, Roger decided to take some of the techniques that I was developing and try them out himself on bass. And he came up with that basic riff that we all worked on and turned into 'One of these Days'. "(Guitar World via pinkfloydonline.com: Careful with that Ax . Interview from February 1993)
- Sound On Stage: Welcome to the Machine - the story of Pink Floyd's live sound ( Memento from October 28, 2007 in the Internet Archive ). Part 1-4, March-June 1997
- Andy Aledort: Guitar in the 80's - David Gilmour of Pink Floyd.
- David Gilmour Guitar Methods
- A look behind David Gilmour's mighty wall of sound. - An interview with guilmours Guitar technican Phil Taylor
- Paul Sahner, Thomas Veszelits: Pink Floyd - Electronic Rock in Perfection. Heyne, Munich 1980, ISBN 3-453-80044-3 , p. 94.
- cf. an interview with Roger Waters on the 2003 DVD The Making of Dark Side of the Moon
- "Nonetheless, at least one important participant - Joe Boyd - recognized Waters' driving bass style with its typical octave changes as the main component of the Pink Floyd sound." From Nicholas Schaffner: Pink Floyd - From Underground to Supergroup. Heyne, Munich 1994, ISBN 3-453-07526-9 , p. 72.
- Cliff Jones: Echoes - The Story Behind Every Pink Floyd Song 1967-1995. Edition Olms, Zurich 1996, ISBN 3-283-00339-4 , p. 141.
- The Süddeutsche Zeitung even ran the headline that Amon Düül is a pop band that “doesn't need to shy away from being compared with Pink Floyd […], but that they are even better, more inventive and more progressive than the stars from England and America”. on germanrock.de
- “Your music, which at that time was compared to that of Pink Floyd and King Crimson, is very much influenced by organ sounds on this LP. The partly psychedelic and orchestral sound is completed by the lyrical English texts written by Jürgen Wenzel. That the LP shows influences from rock greats at the time is understandable, since some of the band members at that time were listening to music by Pink Floyd, Yes , Emerson, Lake and Palmer and others. "( Germanrock.de )
- Joos, Graves: Rock Lexicon. Rowohlt, Hamburg 1982, ISBN 3-499-16177-X , p. 206.
- http://echoesanddust.com./ November 27, 2015: (((O))): Crippled Black Phoenix - New Dark Age .
- http://rockblogbluesspot.com./ November 28, 2015: Crippled Black Phoenix & Se Delan - Oh'Ech-oes .
- The music of the band [Tool] is extremely progressive, gripping, atmospheric and complex [...] Bands like Genesis, Yes or Pink Floyd did the same thing in the 70s, [...] metal1.info ( Memento from November 5, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
- "At the beginning of the year, the newcomers from Pure Reason Revolution caused a sensation with their debut 'The Dark Third' and comparisons with Pink Floyd were strained. [...] The press likes to refer to you as the 'Pink Floyd of the 21st century'. Does that make you proud and how difficult is it to live up to these expectations? I don't think a lot of people see it that way. The quote didn't say that we are like Pink Floyd, but rather that Pink Floyd, if they started today, would sound like our sound. ”On metal1.info
- "... mostly long guitar solos from Gilmour's textbook are played, but sometimes, as in WHAT WILL HAPPEN PART III, synth melodies that bring wonderful memories of 'Shine on you crazy Diamond' in particular and of the art of the blessed Richard Wright in general awaken… “Review of the album Questions of Life in Eclipsed 11/08, shamall.com
- “They still exist in rock music, the good things. Bands that are active today and refer to role models such as Pink Floyd, Genesis, Camel, 'Emerson, Lake & Palmer' or Yes, those dinosaurs for whom every concert hall became too small at some point because their musical gigantomania only occurs in sports arenas found adequate ambience. [...] But if you look a little off the beaten track today, you will find them: the bands that have taken everything as their role model. They listen to names like Pallas, Pendragon, Riverside, IQ or Flower Kings and some come from emerging rock music countries, e. B. from Poland. "On wdr.de ( Memento from February 23, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) ( MS Word ; 1.1 MB)
- “We still have Pink Floyd influences. But when you listen to the last records, you will notice that these influences are going back. ”On interregnummusik.de ( Memento from August 2nd, 2012 in the web archive archive.today )
- The industrial band Psychic TV , for example, the Pink Floyd title has set the Controls for the Heart of the Sun gecovert.
- Foo fighters feat Roger Waters-In the flesh. Retrieved July 23, 2015 .
- Source: coverinfo.de
- Rollingstone.de. March 31, 2014: In the stream: "Flaming Side Of The Moon" by The Flaming Lips .
- Cliff Jones: Echoes - The Story Behind Every Pink Floyd Song 1967-1995. Edition Olms, Zurich, 1996, ISBN 3-283-00339-4 , p. 42.
- "On the whole album (note: Piper at the gates of Dawn) the band's instrumental sound is mainly characterized by the" eastern "modal improvisations of Wright's hall-saturated Farfisa organ." From Nicholas Schaffner: Pink Floyd - From Underground to Supergroup. Heyne, Munich 1994, ISBN 3-453-07526-9 , p. 109.
- From the FAZ : “But not only these electronic sound mixes (Set the Controls for the Heart of the Sun and A Saucerful of Secrets) or the connection to the musique concrète with birdsong, footsteps, humming bees and the crack of motorcycles are considered as being part of the rock group An indication of the sophistication of this music. The voices are also no longer used exclusively as a 'means of transport' concrete texts, but rather used in the manner of Cage and Berio's sound compositions. ”Quoted from: Paul Sahner, Thomas Veszelits: Pink Floyd - Electronic Rock in Perfection. Heyne, Munich 1980, ISBN 3-453-80044-3 , p. 47.
- Andreas Heinz Schneider in: Krautrock - Development of its own rock scene in the Federal Republic of Germany at the turn of the sixties to the seventies compared to the Anglo-American rock scene: “If at the end of the sixties there was Pink Floyds' Cirrus in pop music Minor 'an example of the tentative attempt to break through functional harmony: Em, G +, G, C # m7, C 7, Cm 7, H7, Em. (C # m 7 and Cm 7 cannot be incorporated into the key of E minor.) "
- "That the Pink Floyd, in contradiction to the advanced nature of their electronic means, cling to simple, conventional patterns such as the symmetrical periodicity, [...]" in: Hans-Jürgen Feurich: Warengeschichte und Rockmusik. In: Wolfgang Sandner (ed.): Rock music - aspects of history, aesthetics, production. Schott, Mainz 1977, ISBN 3-7957-2049-4 , p. 77.
- Cliff Jones: Echoes - The Story Behind Every Pink Floyd Song 1967-1995. Edition Olms, Zurich, 1996, ISBN 3-283-00339-4 , p. 108.
- by Barry Graves, Siegfred Schmidt-Joos: Rocklexikon. Volume 2. p. 616.
- Shaugn O'Donnell: On the path - Tracing tonal coherence in Dark Side of the Moon. In: Russell Reising (Ed.): Speak to Me: The Legacy of Pink Floyd's The Dark Side of the Moon. Ashgate, Burlington, VT, 2004, ISBN 0-7546-4018-3 .
- Nicholas Schaffner: Pink Floyd - From Underground to Supergroup. Heyne, Munich 1994, ISBN 3-453-07526-9 , p. 314.
- “But since Gilmour's contribution was no longer desired, The Final Cut offered a poorer musical quality than anything that Pink Floyd had recorded before; only that the monotony no longer consisted of spherical sprinkling music, but of booming anti-war pages. ”From: Nicholas Schaffner: Pink Floyd - From Underground to Supergroup. Heyne, Munich 1994, ISBN 3-453-07526-9 , p. 352.
- Hifi Vision wrote about A Momentary Lapse of Reason : “In the variety of sounds and moods the album builds on the extremely fertile period from 1975 to 1978, and apart from a length or two there are no embarrassing slip-ups here. It's true that Gilmour and Mason just largely rely on the tried and tested sound of the past - but with so many strong song ideas they don't need to ingratiate themselves with contemporary tastes. […] Pink Floyd presented itself as voluminous at the beginning of 1994 on the LP The Division Bell , the appearance of which was accompanied by huge advertising campaigns. The sound and its countless electronic gadgets were best suited for hi-fi fanatics. Pink Floyd had finally mutated into rock dinosaurs; the 'future of rock' ( Musikexpress ) was getting on in years. ”On rockmusik-online.de
- "Musically, Gilmour, Nick Mason, and Wright have largely turned the clock back to the pre-Dark Side of the Moon Floyd, with slow tempos, sustained keyboard chords, and guitar solos with a lot of echo." Allmusic.com
- Planetarium Hamburg ( Memento from April 29, 2015 in the Internet Archive ), PDF on Dark Side of the Moon
- nytimes.com abendblatt.de
- Minor Planet Circ. 49281
- 100 Greatest Artists of All Time. Rolling Stone , December 2, 2010, accessed August 8, 2017 .
- Arthur Anker et al .: Synalpheus pinkfloydi sp. nov., a new pistol shrimp from the tropical eastern Pacific (Decapoda: Alpheidae). In: Zootaxa. Volume 4254, No. 1, April 12, 2017, pp. 111-119, doi: /10.11646/zootaxa.4254.1.7
- DLF24 , Zoologie , April 14, 2017: Type of cancer named after Pink Floyd (April 14, 2017)
- Exhibition website: Pink Floyd: Their Mortal Remains