Nissan 200SX

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Nissan 200SX
Production period: 1964-2002
Class : Middle class
Body versions : Coupé , station wagon coupé , convertible

The Nissan 200SX / Datsun 200SX, also called 180SX (Japan) or 240SX (USA), in Japan and other markets also called Nissan Silvia or (S110 and S12 series) Nissan Gazelle , is a passenger car model from the Japanese manufacturer Nissan .

Originally launched as the Datsun Coupe 1500, the vehicle was built from September 1964 to August 2002 under the same name in several stages of evolution.

Coupe 1500 / Silvia (CSP311, 1964–1968)

1st generation
Datsun Coupe 1500 (1964–1968)

Datsun Coupe 1500 (1964–1968)

Production period: 1964-1968
Body versions : Coupe
Engines: Otto engine :
1.6 liters (66 kW)
Length: 3985 mm
Width: 1510 mm
Height: 1275 mm
Wheelbase : 2280 mm
Empty weight : 980 kg

The Datsun Coupe 1500 debuted at the Tokyo Motor Show in September 1964 and was also built as the Nissan Silvia CSP311. It was based on the Datsun Fairlady convertible and was styled by Albrecht Graf von Goertz . Only 554 pieces were produced. Most of the cars stayed in Japan , but 49 were exported to Australia and another 10 to other countries. The low production numbers and lengthy development process ensured that each car was unique and expensive. The purchase price was almost twice as high as the successor. Production ended in 1968.

The very short-stroke inline four-cylinder (bore × stroke: 87.2 × 66.8 mm, aluminum cylinder head) took 90 DIN or 96 SAE PS from 1595 cm³ at 6000 revolutions and made the coupé 165 km / h fast; 100 km / h was reached from a standing start in 12.7 seconds. It was shifted via a four-speed gearbox, braked with front disc and rear drum brakes. The body rested on a box frame.

200SX / Silvia (S10, 1975-1979)

2nd generation
Datsun Silvia (1975-1979)

Datsun Silvia (1975-1979)

Production period: 1975-1979
Body versions : Coupe
Petrol engines : 1.8–2.0 liters
(72–85 kW)
Length: 4135-4320 mm
Width: 1600 mm
Height: 1300 mm
Wheelbase : 2340 mm
Empty weight : 990-1080 kg

The S10 presented in the summer of 1975 was the first Silvia of the S series and a hatchback coupé with a wide C-pillar . It showed "baroque" lines than similar offers from the competition (namely the Toyota Celica ). In Japan, the S10 was equipped with an L18B engine with a displacement of 1.8 liters. On the North American market, the model was offered as the Datsun 200B with the L20B two-liter; It also had the required safety bumpers and was called the Datsun 200SX, corresponding to the engine size .

Its success in both markets was limited, as most buyers opted for the competing model Celica. At the beginning of 1979 the production of the S10 was ended.

Rear view

200SX / Sakura / Silvia (S110, 1979–1983)

3rd generation
Datsun Silvia / 200SX (1979-1983)

Datsun Silvia / 200SX (1979-1983)

Production period: 1979-1983
Body versions : Coupé , station wagon coupé
Engines: Petrol engines :
1.8–2.2 liters
(76–99.5 kW)
Length: 4400-4480 mm
Width: 1680 mm
Height: 1310 mm
Wheelbase : 2400 mm
Empty weight : 1005-1090 kg

The new edition of the Silvia, published in early 1979, available as a two-door hardtop coupé with a notchback and as a three-door hatchback model, was originally supposed to have a rotary engine designed and built by Nissan . However, the engine proved to be unreliable during testing and did not go into production. Ironically, the S110 shared its code number with the ill-fated Mazda 110 S Cosmo , the first Japanese car with a rotary engine. When the Wankel engine came to an end, the S110 was redesigned and received conventional piston engines from the new Z engine family, including the Z20 two-liter and the injected, turbocharged Z18ET 1.8-liter. In North America the model was offered as the Datsun 200SX and in Mexico as the Datsun Sakura .

The motorsport version Silvia 240RS with the 2.4 liter DOHC FJ24 engine was based on this Silvia generation . The 240RS was built until mid-1985 and thus survived the end of production of the regular Silvia S110 in autumn 1983 by two years. It served as Nissan's factory model in the 1983-1985 world rally championships and finished second in the 1983 New Zealand rally.

200SX / Silvia (S12, 1983-1989)

4th generation
Nissan Silvia (1983-1989)

Nissan Silvia (1983-1989)

Production period: 1983-1989
Body versions : Combi coupe
Gasoline engines : 1.8–2.0 liters
(90–107 kW)
Length: 4350-4430 mm
Width: 1660 mm
Height: 1330 mm
Wheelbase : 2425 mm
Empty weight : 960-1240 kg

The S12 was produced from autumn 1983 to mid-1989 and received many changes along the way and different names in the respective regions. In Taiwan, for example, the model was assembled by the Yulon Motor Company and was offered there as the Yue Loong Elite 601 .

The S12 was called the 200SX in North America. The coupe was fitted with the CA20E, an injected two-liter four-cylinder, while the hatchback got either the CA20E or the CA18ET. In the USA, Nissan took the hatchback model with the CA18ET turbo engine from the market in mid-1987 and instead introduced the "SE" model with the VG30E three-liter (118 kW / 160 PS).

The S12 was called Silvia in Europe. There was only the hatchback model here. This was equipped with the CA18ET and in some countries with the FJ20E. In Japan, the S12 was also known as the Silvia and was available with both a notchback and a hatchback. The RS and RS-X variants were new. The RS was equipped with the FJ20E, while the RS-X was equipped with the FJ20ET.

In mid-1987 Nissan replaced the FJ engines with the CA18DET, a 1.8-liter four-cylinder with two overhead camshafts, injection and turbocharger. In Australia the S12 got the name Gazelle. This was also available as a coupé and hatchback and powered by the CA20E.

Nissan Silvia Grand Prix (1985)

The coupé, which cost DM 26,995, was powered by a 107 kW / 145 PS two-liter four-cylinder with 16 valves. In March 1985, a variant with a 1.8-liter turbo engine and catalytic converter (90 kW / 122 PS, DM 29,895) appeared, and in April 1985 the Silvia Grand Prix version with wider tires, flared fenders and side skirts for a price of DM 32,995 followed.

In the summer of 1987 there was a slight facelift with modified front and rear sections.

In Germany, the Silvia S12 was sold exclusively as a hatchback model from the beginning of 1984 to mid-1989.


Motor type Naturally aspirated engine Naturally aspirated engine turbo Naturally aspirated engine turbo Naturally aspirated engine Naturally aspirated engine turbo Naturally aspirated engine
Valve control SOHC 8 valves SOHC 8 valves SOHC 8 valves DOHC 16 valves DOHC 16 valves SOHC 8 valves DOHC 16 valves DOHC 16 valves SOHC 12 valves
cylinder 4th 4th 4th 4th 4th 4th 4th 4th 6th
Displacement 1809 cc 1809 cc 1809 cc 1809 cc 1809 cc 1974 cc 1990 cc 1990 cc 2960 cc
(kW / PS at 1 / min)
71/98 at 5600 66/90 at 6000 90/122 at 5200 99/135 at 6000 99/135 at 6400 124/169 at 6400 75/102 at 5200 107/145 at 6400 140/190 6500 118/160 on 5200 (until 1987)
121/165 on 5200 (1988)
Max. Torque (Nm at 1 / min) 149 at 2800 133 at 4000 182 at 3200 191 at 4000 191 at 5200 212 at 4000 157 at 3200 184 at 4800 235 at 4800 236 at 4000
drive Rear wheel drive
transmission Four-speed automatic / five-speed manual transmission

180SX / 200SX / 240SX (S13, 1989–1993)

5th generation
Nissan 200 SX "Zenki" (1989–1990)

Nissan 200 SX "Zenki" (1989–1990)

Production period: 1989-1993
Body versions : Combi coupe
Petrol engines : 1.8–2.4 liters
(103–151 kW)
Length: 4470-4540 mm
Width: 1690 mm
Height: 1290 mm
Wheelbase : 2475 mm
Empty weight : 1110-1250 kg

In the spring of 1989 the S12 was replaced by the 200SX S13 “Zenki”, which was sold relatively well in Germany for a Japanese sports coupé . The longitudinally installed CA18DET engine had a displacement of 1.8 liters and 16 valves and achieved 124 kW (169 hp ) with its turbocharger ; this machine was offered in Japan, New Zealand and Europe. The weight was given as approx. 1,200 kg, the acceleration was 7.5 s to 100 km / h. The top speed was 230 km / h, the price at the presentation of DM 39,995.

The technology on this model was state-of-the-art for the time. In Europe there was only the hatchback version as the RS13, while in Japan and the USA there was also a coupé with a notchback and even a convertible version. There was also the Silvia series, which did without pop-up headlights .

In Europe, the 200SX received a facelift in the summer of 1990, whereby the version was called "Chuki" and can be recognized by the rounder front section. This model also has other seats (with a separate headrest), a larger brake system on the front axle (280 mm disc diameter instead of 257 mm) and other little things (e.g. turbo oil line and stabilizers). It is unusual that the variants flow into one another, e.g. B. Few of the first models after the revision still have the smaller front axle brake. But there were also "Zenki" models which already had the seats with the separate headrest.

Nissan generally caused a lot of confusion with the name of this 200SX. In the USA the car was sold with a 2.4-liter naturally aspirated engine, first with the KA24E (12 valves SOHC) and then from July 1990 with the KA24DE (16 valves DOHC), and was therefore given the name 240SX.

In Japan, the name was also chosen according to the displacement, which is why the car was called 180SX there. From summer 1990, Nissan changed the engine in the 180SX and equipped the RPS13 with the 2-liter unit SR20DET, also with turbocharging. This early version of the SR20DET developed 151 kW (205 PS).

In Europe, the model continued to be offered with the CA18DET until the end of 1994. There the S13 was always referred to as the 200SX despite its smaller engine .

In Taiwan, the model assembled by the Yulon Motor Company was called the Yue Loong Elite 801 .

200SX / 240SX / Silvia (S14, 1993-1999)

6th generation
Nissan 200SX (1993-1996)

Nissan 200SX (1993-1996)

Production period: 1993-1999
Body versions : Coupe
Engines: Petrol engines :
2.0 - 2.4 liters
(115–162 kW)
Length: 4520 mm
Width: 1730 mm
Height: 1300 mm
Wheelbase : 2525 mm
Empty weight : 1140-1340 kg

The S14 made its debut in Japan in the fall of 1993. It was lower, shorter and slightly wider than the S13. The wheelbase and track have been enlarged for better handling. In contrast to the other markets, the car remained popular in Japan. The Silvia S14 received a new version of the SR20DET with the larger T28 turbocharger. In Japan this had 161 kW (220 PS), the KA24DE 155 PS.

The 200SX underwent a facelift in the summer of 1996 (internal name: S14a). It received more aggressively shaped headlights and modified rear lights. Technical "deficiencies" have been corrected (e.g. slightly tearing elbow etc.), MAP sensor was omitted, seat heating, leather upholstery and air conditioning standard (in DE). The interior has been refreshed (speedometer, steering wheel).

The special models Z Edition , Racing and Sportline were introduced, which differed in details such as color, rims, spoiler lips and interior trim. This updated version is known as the Kouki S14 or the S14a (Europe). It was produced until autumn 1999.

There was also a sports model from Nismo called the 270R , of which only 50 were made. The Yulon Motor Company also assembled the S14 in Taiwan . But this time the model was in the luxury class and was named as AREX Elite 901 in its new luxury brand, according to the manufacturer .

Silvia (S15, 1999-2002)

7th generation
Nissan Silvia Coupe (1999-2002)

Nissan Silvia Coupe (1999-2002)

Production period: 1999-2002
Body versions : Coupé , convertible
Engines: Petrol engines :
2.0 liters
(118-184 kW)
Length: 4440 mm
Width: 1695 mm
Height: 1290 mm
Wheelbase : 2525 mm
Empty weight : 1200-1250 kg

The seventh and last generation appeared in Japan in autumn 1999: the Silvia S15. The SR20DET developed 184 kW (250 PS) here. The two-liter turbo gained strength thanks to minor changes to the turbocharger and engine management. The SR20DE (without turbo) had 121 kW (165 PS). In Germany, the Silvia S15 was not officially offered by Nissan.

This Silvia was given an aggressive interior and exterior design, an improved chassis and, for the first time, a six-speed manual transmission (in addition to a manual five-speed gearshift and a four-speed automatic).

Initially, the new Silvia was only offered as Spec-S (without turbocharger) and Spec-R (turbo); both models were available with an aero package that included a large rear wing and small side skirts. The Spec-R had the six-speed gearbox, a harder chassis and a stiffer body, four-piston disc brakes at the front, a larger brake servo, a more effective limited-slip differential and, for a surcharge, the four-wheel steering HICAS; the Spec-S had to get along with the five-speed gearbox (or with the automatic transmission, which was also available for the Spec-R) and without the additional stiffeners and the other features of the Spec-R.

Convertible version with retractable roof: Silvia Varietta

The range was later expanded to include a number of luxury and sports packages that were available for both Spec-S and Spec-R. Autech Japan , Nissan's special vehicle division, also offered some tuned S15 versions, such as the style-A with body extensions and interior fittings in the style of the Ferrari 456 based on Spec-S or Spec-R; Another Autech model was based on the Spec-S and had a naturally aspirated engine tuned to 200 HP (higher compression, sharper camshafts, sports manifold and exhaust, modified engine management) and a sports suspension. This special model also had the six-speed gearbox and the other equipment features of the Spec-R.

From this generation there was also a convertible with a folding roof called Varietta . The Silvia Varietta was built by Autech, was based on the Spec-S and had a naturally aspirated engine and four-speed automatic or five-speed transmission of that version.

The S15 was also launched by the Taiwanese Yulon Motor Company . The new model was named AREX Elite 951 there . It was the last model in the Elite series, which includes a total of four generations.

Production of the Silvia ended in August 2002. Nissan was forced to reduce the large number of different platforms used in the group.


The vehicles of the S series are very popular worldwide as drift cars and tuning objects . There is a large number of tuning parts for the CA18 and SR20 engines.


  • Automobile revue. Catalog numbers 1979, 1982, 1998, 2001 (dates)
  • Joachim Kuch: Japanese cars. Motorbuch Verlag, Stuttgart 1990, ISBN 3-613-01365-7 , pp. 198-200.

Web links

Commons : Nissan 200SX  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files

See also

Individual evidence