|coat of arms||Germany map|
|State :||Lower Saxony|
|Joint municipality :||Elbe Valley|
|Height :||14 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||76.38 km 2|
|Residents:||8181 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||107 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||29451|
|Area code :||05861|
|License plate :||DAN|
|Community key :||03 3 54 004|
City administration address :
29451 Dannenberg (Elbe)
|Mayor :||Günter Voss|
|Location of the city of Dannenberg (Elbe) in the Lüchow-Dannenberg district|
Dannenberg is located on the Jeetzel near its mouth in the same , the intersection of the natural areas Wendland and Altmark , Elbtalniederung and Luneburg Heath . To Dannenberg there are the UNESCO - Biosphere Reserve Lower Saxon Elbe Valley and the Nature Park Elbe Valley . Although the city (at least until the municipal reform of 1972) was not directly on the Elbe, it bears the name Elbe to distinguish it from other places of the same name .
The main part of the urban area lies on the edge of the Dannenberger Marsch , a largely diked and agriculturally used floodplain landscape of the Elbe , which is traversed by numerous oxbow lakes such as the “Tauben Elbe”, the “ Gümser See ” and the protected “ Penkefitzer See ” . Many rare animal and plant species, such as the fire-bellied toad, are native here. Northeast of the core city and z. In part in the soft area itself (eastern settlement) there are many Bracks . The Thielenburger See near the city center is an 11-hectare lake that was artificially created in the 1980s.
The city is traversed by the Jeetzel in a south-north direction. The main part of the river's water volume now flows through a diked arm of the river (also known as the “ Jeetzel Canal ”) that was created as part of the Jeetzel improvement , and runs about two kilometers west of the city center directly on the border with the Prisser district. The former main arm of the river that runs through the center itself and flows around the Amtsberg to the east bears the name Alte Jeetzel today . It is fed to the Jeetzel Canal about two kilometers north of the city center through a pumping station. The two former artificial river arms Mühlenjeetzel and Kleine Jeetzel , which also flowed through the center, were piped in the second half of the 20th century, the moat connecting these two moats was previously filled in.
Central local function
Dannenberg is defined in the regional spatial planning program of the district as the basic center , to which the area of the former joint municipality of Dannenberg is assigned as a catchment area . However, the city has facilities that go beyond what a basic center can offer, serve a much larger area and thus supply places outside the actual catchment area with the corresponding central goods . This area partially extends to the entire Elbtalaue community (e.g. grammar school), the entire district (e.g. district court ) or - for example with the area around the Mecklenburg town of Dömitz - also includes areas outside the district (e.g. . Specialists, retail or hospital).
The city of Dannenberg borders on six member municipalities of the Elbtalaue municipality. In clockwise direction, these are the municipalities of Damnatz (northeast), Gusborn (east), Jameln (south), Karwitz (west), Göhrde and the city of Hitzacker (both northwest). Only the three member communities Langendorf, Neu Darchau and Zernien do not have a common border. In the area of the district of Penkefitz in the north of the city, the Elbe forms the border to the municipality of Amt Neuhaus in the district of Lüneburg over a distance of about 2 km .
Districts and residential areas of the city of Dannenberg
Since the municipal reform of 1972, the city of Dannenberg has consisted of the 28 districts listed below. There are also five living spaces.
Housing in the city of Dannenberg
The municipality of Prisser with the districts of Niestedt, Schmarsau and Neu Lebbien was incorporated as early as 1971. Before 1972 Riekau (with Hof II), Tramm and Neu Tramm belonged to the municipality of Schaafhausen; Dambeck, Gümse, Seedorf and Breese settlement to Breese in the march; Seybruch to Splietau and the Strachauer Rad to Penkefitz.
The core town of Dannenberg has now grown together with some districts to form a single location. This applies to Nebenstedt, Prisser and the Breeser settlement as well as increasingly to Breese in der Marsch, Lüggau, Niestedt and Schmarsau.
Structure of the core city
The area of the core city is divided into four settlement areas, which, however, have no political or administrative function. These are the inner city with the suburb Lauben, the Ostsiedlung, the Westsiedlung and the Develang. The continuous settlement area of the city is very elongated and measures in southwest-northeast stretch more than three kilometers - looking at the precincts may call in counting the city districts Schmarsau and Prisser the west and Nebenstedt the east even just six kilometers - at a downtown measured narrowest width of less than 300 m.
Downtown and suburban arcades
The core of Dannenberg's city center consists of a single street that was part of the B 191 until the Dannenberg southern bypass was opened in 1980. It runs from southwest to northeast and includes - starting at the southwest end - the streets and squares Prochaskaplatz, Mühlentor, Lange Straße, Am Markt and Marschtorstraße. While the market belongs to the oldest part of the city, the other streets are urban extensions from the 14th to 16th centuries. The market and the few streets surrounding it are slightly elevated compared to the rest of the street. They were therefore less or not at all affected by the frequent flooding of the Jeetzel. This is especially true for the Amtsberg. From the street itself there are very few side streets, all of which are only a few house widths long: two from Lange Straße (including Fischerstraße), one from Mühlentor and three from Marschtorstraße. The more distant areas are even deeper. They were therefore regularly affected by the floods and could not be built until the river was canalized. As a result, until the second half of the 20th century, the city was around 1500 m long, with a few exceptions, only around 120 m wide. In the Dannenberg city center there are buildings from the early 17th to the 21st century. After 1970, parallel streets were laid out to the southwest and northeast and the city center was widened. Outside the actual city center, the former suburb of Lauben joins to the west, which was largely destroyed in the 1945 bombing.
East settlement with Besenberg
At the end of Marschtorstraße, the street divides into Bahnhofstraße (towards the east; formerly part of the B 191) and Gartower Straße (towards southeast; L 256), the two main streets of the Ostsiedlung today. It is a city expansion that was developed in two phases from the opening of the Ostbahnhof in 1874 (1500 meters east of the city center). With the opening of the train station and the establishment of the district shortly before in 1867, a city expansion became necessary. T. from the Nebenstedter area. The part on Bahnhofsstraße was built on at that time and is characterized by single-family houses, former administrative buildings of the district and town villas from the Wilhelminian era. The second part further south-east was not developed until after 1950 in order to counter the housing shortage , which was also caused by displaced persons . This area is characterized by three-story apartment buildings (partly owned by a cooperative) and single-family houses. The district of Nebenstedt adjoins the eastern settlement, only separated by the B 191. Nearby, separated from the eastern settlement by a summer dike , are the swimming pool built in the 1960s, the campsite and a third part of the settlement that was only developed from 1990 onwards.
Seen from the city center, just before the Ostsiedlung, there is a small one- family housing estate "Am Besenberg" built around 1936 as a people's apartment . Since this area is higher, it was possible to build here before the Jeetzel sewer system.
The western settlement also begins with a fork in the road when viewed from the city center. Starting from Prochaskaplatz, it is bounded by Lüneburger (B 216) and Lüchower Straße (formerly B 191). While Lüneburg and the beginning of Lüchower Straße are characterized by one to two-storey buildings from around 1900 (partly mixed with small former agricultural part-time businesses), the actual settlement was almost completely built between 1950 and 1975. Two types of houses are predominant in it: two-story single-family houses with a pitched roof and three- to five -story rental apartment buildings in row construction (also partly owned by cooperatives). The latter are located in particular on Kochstrasse, which runs in the middle of the area and leads directly to the former Dannenberg West train station. From the confluence with Kochstrasse, Lüchower Strasse is again part of the B 191. The largest elementary school in the municipality is located on the northern edge of the settlement. The settlement is bounded by the railway line to Uelzen and the canalised Jeetzel, behind which the development of the Prisser district begins.
The Develang is named after the name of the former urban Bürgerfeld . It is separated from the Westsiedlung by Lüchower Straße and is a new housing estate that was essentially built on between 1970 and 1990. It is also characterized by single-family and multi-family houses in row construction, but in a much more modern design. The Develang is the most populous settlement in the city. Because it is a little deeper than the other settlements, it is particularly badly affected by the floods of the Jeetzel. On the northern edge there are facilities of the voluntary fire brigade, the DRK , several shops and businesses. Apart from that, the Develang as well as the Westsiedlung, with a few exceptions, serve almost exclusively for living.
Excavations at the market and the castle moat have shown that Alt-Dannenberg has been continuously settled by Slavic ( Wendish ) residents since the 9th century AD .
The Polish names for Dannenberg are Weidars and Woikam .
The actual history of the city begins with the construction of Dannenberg Castle (first mentioned in 1153) as a forerunner to Dannenberg Castle under the government of Volrad I von Dannenberg (1153–1169). He had received the order for the settlement through Duke Heinrich the Lion . The castle was built on a sand island on the Jeetzel, which was artificially raised by adding earth. On October 18, 1157, Dannenberg was first mentioned by name in a Magdeburg document.
Dannenberg came into the focus of international politics through the imprisonment of the Danish King Waldemar II in Dannenberg Castle from 1223 to 1224. The place of detention was chosen because it is on the left bank of the Elbe, thus making a possible Danish access difficult. The keep of the castle as the place of his imprisonment bears the name Waldemarturm today . In the middle of the 13th century, construction work began on the Church of St. Johannis. Dannenberg (as well as the neighboring town of Lüchow) was mentioned for the first time as a town in 1293, although town charter was probably granted earlier. In 1303 the line of the Dannenberg Counts ended and Dannenberg was drawn into the War of the Lüneburg Succession .
In front of the Marschtor there is evidence of a medieval leprosy , which was called the “St. Jürgen Hospital”. When the hospital was founded is unclear. After the leprosy subsided, the leprosy was turned into a poor house and the building was demolished in 1885.
In 1528 the Reformation found its way into Dannenberg. The preacher Matthias Milow held the first Protestant service. The last Catholic provost in Dannenberg was Johann Paytner. Vice-provost Matthäus Dorheide, who converted to the Lutheran creed, married in 1530 and became mayor in 1544.
In 1569 the Dannenberg dominion was established as an independent principality in Dannenberg, the Dannenberg Castle was built as a residence on the site of an earlier castle and the city was ruled by a Guelph branch line . The territory roughly comprised today's district of Lüchow-Dannenberg (excluding the Gartow area) and additional areas of today's districts of Lüneburg ( Scharnebeck Abbey ) and Uelzen . In 1671 the principality fell back to the main line between Braunschweig and Lüneburg.
In 1608, as in 1483, Dannenberg fell victim to a major fire. This destroyed almost all of the buildings at that time with 130 residential houses. Therefore, apart from the Waldemarturm and the church, there are no buildings from the previous period in the city.
Eleonore Prochaska died on October 5, 1813 after the Göhrde battle (September 15, 1813) in Dannenberg. A memorial plaque on the house where she died in Langen Strasse commemorates her. She was buried in the St. Anne's cemetery.
In the middle of the 19th century, various institutions were founded in Dannenberg or relocated there. These were initially the Local-Gewerbe-Verein Dannenberg , then in 1851 a higher court (which had six local courts and was closed again in 1859), in 1852 the Jeetzel-Zeitung (a forerunner of today's Elbe-Jeetzel-Zeitung ) and in 1867 the district Dannenberg. It comprised the former offices of Dannenberg, Gartow , Lüchow and Neuhaus and thus a similar territory to the principality 200 years earlier. The great district was divided into the districts of Dannenberg and Lüchow in 1885.
Entry from Meyer's Konversationslexikon from 1888:
- Dannenberg (Danneberg), district town in Prussia. Lüneburg administrative district, on the navigable Jeetzel, 2 km from D. station on the Wittenberge-Buchholz railway, the Wittenberge-Buchholz branch of the Berlin-Hamburg railway, is anciently built, has a district court, a church, an old castle and a Johanniter hospital for the province Hanover and (1880) 1960 Protestant residents who do spinning, brewing and trading in cattle, linen and hops.
Dannenberg was connected to the railway network from 1872. The railway connection to Wittenberge via the Dömitzer Elbbrücke and to Lüneburg was established in 1872 and 1874, to Lüchow and Salzwedel in 1911 and to Uelzen in 1924.
On May 12, 1889, there was a major fire in Tripkau, which killed nine buildings. Presumably the damaging fire was caused by children.
In 1932 the two districts of Dannenberg and Lüchow were again merged into one district with headquarters in Dannenberg. In 1936 the Elbe bridge near Dömitz, which was destroyed again only nine years later, was inaugurated.
Cruise missiles were produced in Neu Tramm during the Second World War . On February 22, 1945, Dannenberg was badly hit by an attack by American bombers at the end of the Second World War. At least 85 people were killed and 95 injured. 34 houses in three places in the urban area were destroyed. These were most of the north side of the market, Adolfplatz and the suburb of Lauben. The bombing attack probably targeted the nearby railway bridge over the Jeetzel.
In the vicinity of the villages of Groß Heide and Seybruch, which are now part of the city, there was fighting between German and American ground troops. On April 23, 1945, the city was surrendered to the American troops without a fight. From May 27th, Dannenberg belongs to the British zone of occupation . With the destruction of the Dömitz Elbe bridges in April 1945 and the subsequent closure of the border, Dannenberg lost its hinterland on the right bank of the Elbe. The city belonged to the customs border district from 1945 to 1989 .
In 1951 the district seat was relocated to Lüchow, as a result of which other authorities formerly based in Dannenberg were also relocated to Lüchow. The city was badly affected by the loss of administration and the previous closure of the border. In Dannenberg itself, the district court, the district hospital built in 1961 as a new building (now privatized), the district savings bank and the district craftsmen remained with district-wide importance. The latter two were merged with the corresponding Uelzen institutions there after 2000.
In the 1950s, the Jeetzel was channeled, the flood hazard that Dannenberg had been exposed to in the past was largely averted and the city was given areas for development. Before that, the city had been flooded regularly, sometimes several times a year; There had previously been very strong floods in 1881, 1888 and 1895, for example.
On July 1, 1972, the combined community of Dannenberg was formed with six other communities, which existed in this form until the merger with the combined community of Hitzacker in 2006.
After the border was opened in 1989, the connection across the Elbe was reestablished first by ferries and from 1992 by the new Dömitz road bridge.
On February 1, 1971, the Prisser community was incorporated. On July 1, 1972, Breese in der Marsch, Bückau, Groß Heide, Klein Heide, Liepehöfen, Lüggau, Nebenstedt, Penkefitz, Pisselberg, Prabstorf, Predöhlsau, Riskau, Schaafhausen, Soven, Splietau, Streetz and Tripkau were added.
After the Reformation, Dannenberg became Protestant in 1528. Today the majority of the city's population belongs to the Evangelical Lutheran Church. The parish of Dannenberg covers approximately an area that corresponds to the size of the city today. The parish belongs to the Lüchow-Dannenberg parish of the Lüneburg district of the Hanover regional church . Until it was merged with the Lüchow parish in 2006, Dannenberg was the seat of its own parish of the same name. The administration of the new merged church district is in Dannenberg. In the city there are various advice centers of the Diakonisches Werk , which is also the sponsor of the Wendland mobility center . The church operates the St. Georg retirement home in the eastern part of the city center and a kindergarten in the Ostsiedlung on Königsberger Platz next to the Catholic church .
The St. Johannis Church itself is right in the city center. It is a building in north German brick Gothic from the late 14th century (according to other information from the middle of the 13th century). The church was built on a site where a church has probably stood since the 12th century.
About three percent of Dannenberg's residents are Catholic . Most of them are displaced persons and refugees from the time after the Second World War and their descendants. In Dannenberg there is the branch church of St. Peter and Paul of the Catholic parish of St. Agnes Lüchow , which belongs to the Lüneburg dean's office of the Hildesheim diocese . The branch church, which roughly looks after the area of the integrated parish, had existed as an independent parish until autumn 2006. On November 1, 2006, they and the parish of St. Johannis Maria Vianney in Clenze (both former offshoots of the Lüchower parish) were merged with the parish of St. Agnes in Lüchow. At the same time, the Dannenberg branch church St. Maria Königin in Hitzacker , built in 1964, was closed .
The church of St. Peter and Paul is located on Königsberger Platz in the Ostsiedlung. It is a red brick building built in 1954, designed by Josef Fehlig .
New Apostolic Church
There has been a New Apostolic congregation in Dannenberg since 1928 . It belongs to the church district of Lüneburg. After reunification, it was incorporated into the Ludwigslust district for 16 years, and later with other parishes in the Elbe-Prignitz district of the New Apostolic Church in Northern Germany . In 2013 it was reintegrated into the Lüneburg church district. The area of the parish extends roughly to the areas of the former joint community of Dannenberg, the joint community of Hitzacker, after the merger of the joint communities, the joint community of Elbtalaue, the joint community of Gartow as well as neighboring Mecklenburg areas with the city of Dömitz. The parish was founded on September 2, 1928 in what is now the district of Nebenstedt and is the oldest in the district. It initially supplied the former district of Dannenberg, large parts of the former district of Lüchow and the Dömitz area, which was annexed to Ludwigslust after 1945. In the 1940s Lüchow, Hitzacker and later Gartow became independent communities. Gartow, like the parish of Dömitz in the 1990s, was dissolved, as was the parish of Hitzacker in 2011, which was again affiliated to the Dannenberg parish.
The church building is a new building from the early 1960s and was renovated, renovated and rebuilt in 2015. Church services have been taking place there again since August 2016. The church is located on Prochaskaplatz on the western edge of the city center in the former Lauben suburb.
Dannenberg had the largest Jewish community in the Wendland. The first guaranteed settlement of a Jew in Dannenberg happened in 1684. At the end of the 18th century, the community consisted of five protective Jewish families with around 30 people. The oldest surviving tombstone in the Jewish cemetery is dated 1776.
The synagogue community, which was founded in 1844, also took in Jews from the surrounding area. a. from Hitzacker when the Jewish cemetery there was closed. The synagogue was dissolved again in 1891, and the Dannenberg Jews joined the Lüneburg community.
The synagogue stood on a parish-owned property on the castle moat. Most of the property was sold in 1896, including the synagogue in 1911, which was later demolished.
The most prominent Dannenberg Jew was the historian Harry Bresslau . Thekla Bernau , a Jew born in Dannenberg, was deported from Hamburg to Riga in 1942 and killed. She documented the last days before the deportation in her diary.
North of Prisser (near the B 248a ) is the Jewish cemetery in a wood . It has decayed over the decades and was z. T. Vandalism victims: gravestones were knocked over or destroyed. A few years ago the tombstones were erected again and the area fenced in. The cemetery is freely accessible, but not signposted and therefore not easy to find.
The city council of Dannenberg consists of 23 councilors.
The mayor of the city of Dannenberg is currently Günther Voss.
All mayors since 1945:
- 1945–1946: Wilhelm Ordas
- 1946–1949: Hermann Strauss
- 1949–1968: Willi Koops ( CDU )
- 1968–1972: Siegfried Abraham ( SPD , later CDU)
- 1972–1984: Walter Eschrich (CDU)
- 1984–1991: Hermann Predöhl (CDU)
- 1991-2001: Bernard Fathmann (SPD)
- 2001–2010: Peter Selber (CDU)
- 2010–2011: Günter Voß (independent, Group Voss / CDU)
- 2011–2016: Elke Mundhenk (Alliance 90 / The Greens)
- since 2016: Günter Voß
coat of arms
Dannenberg has had the coat of arms ( blazon ) described in the main statute since 1953 . In gold, two blue lions with red tongues and red claws, which together leap at a green fir tree standing on a green mountain. Above the heraldic shield is a brick-red city wall with a gate and three towers.
Culture and sights
The list of architectural monuments in Dannenberg (Elbe) includes all the architectural monuments of the community of Dannenberg (Elbe).
The Dannenberg - Am Waldemarturm Marionette Theater has existed in Dannenberg since 1991, and is housed in the town's former fire station on the Kuhmarkt.
- The museum in the Waldemarturm . shows the city history of Dannenberg and a permanent exhibition on the flood history of Dannenberg. In addition, art exhibitions take place in the museum at irregular intervals.
- The Historical Fire Brigade Museum in the Neu Tramm district is one of the largest fire brigade museums in Germany and shows the history of fire fighting and the development of equipment
The city of Dannenberg (Elbe) is a member of the Lüchow-Dannenberg Museum Association .
The town's landmarks are the Waldemarturm and St. John's Church, which together shape the city's silhouette . Significant buildings in the city are:
- St. Johannis Church (Dannenberg) , a north German brick Gothic church (built around 1245)
- Waldemarturm , the keep of the former castle Dannenberg (built around 1200)
- Former Ratskeller Dannenberg. Medical care center Dannenberg / Elbe, reconstruction 2012
- Historic town hall: It bears the self- deprecating slogan on the facade: Wi Börgers hebbn de Last dorvon un mütt dat all betahlen . It was built in 1780 and rebuilt from 1999 to 2000.
- Ohm's house, one of Langendorf translocated Lower Saxony Hall House in H-frame construction, from 1988 to 2018 cultural events place.
- several listed town houses, three of them from shortly after 1608.
- April:. Dannenberg Chamber Music Week
- April May:. Cultural country party (individual events)
- September:. Long night of fine arts
- October:. International Marionette Festival (individual events)
- November:. Traditional Potato Sunday
- The St. Anne's Cemetery (on Prochaskaplatz) is the city's former cemetery and is a listed building. On it are among other things the burial place of Eleonore Prochaska with memorial plaque and a memorial stone for Theodor Körner .
- The Thielenburger See. Together with the adjoining Thielenburg forest, it forms a local recreation area right in the city center.
Dannenberg has several sports clubs.
- The MTV Dannenberg from 1863. is the largest sports club in the entire municipality. It has 24 sports departments.
- In the district of Breese in der Marsch there is VfL Breese-Langendorf. another sports club with the departments football and gymnastics.
- The Dannenberg riding and driving club founded in 1921 . (RFV) is the largest equestrian club in the district with 420 members.
- The rifle guild zu Dannenberg from 1528 e. V. operates shooting groups for women, men and young people with air pressure and small bore rifles .
The Jeetzel Stadium with three sports fields and facilities for athletics, which is used by both the nearby schools and the MTV, is located near the school center directly on the Alte Jeetzel . A combined multi-purpose hall with an integrated swimming pool is directly adjacent. This has a track length of 25 meters. In the Ostsiedlung there is an outdoor swimming pool with a length of 50 meters. Both pools were threatened with closure; they are operated by the Dannenberg-Hitzacker water association with funding from a support association and the city of Dannenberg. There is a two-storey sports hall in the western settlement at the primary school. VfL Breese-Langendorf has its own sports field in the Breese district. The Hermann-Stolte-Stadion of the RFV is located in the district of Prisser . There is a tennis court in Develang.
Economy and Infrastructure
Due to its peripheral location, only a few industrial companies are located in Dannenberg. The largest industrial employers are two ContiTech subsidiaries . About 470 people are employed at ContiTech Antriebssysteme GmbH and ContiTech Vibration Control GmbH , both of which are located in the industrial park in the northeast of the city. A subsidiary of " Wiesenhof AG " is located in the adjacent industrial park . The headquarters of the fabric publisher nya nordiska GmbH is located in downtown Dannenberg . The company, founded in 1964, manufactures textiles for the home textile industry .
A large number of craft businesses are located in Dannenberg, most of which work locally. Three craft businesses are regularly active supraregional or nationwide. These are a civil engineering company in the Prisser district, a vehicle construction company ( cranes ) in the Nebenstedt district and a roofing company in Develang.
The tourism is an important industry for Dannenberg. In particular, the location in the Elbhöhen-Wendland nature park and on or in the Lower Saxony Elbe Valley Biosphere Reserve offer the city the opportunity to advertise recreational vacations as a target . In the surrounding area there are various riding, cycling and hiking trails, including long-distance hiking trails . The Alte Jeetzel is used for canoe tours . The importance of tourism in Dannenberg is less than in some other places in the Hanoverian Wendland. Tourism is particularly important in neighboring Hitzacker and Gartow. In the city there are various accommodation establishments such as guest houses, a campsite or riding stables. Dannenberg has six hotels, only three of which are in the city center, with a total of 98 beds. In the old town hall on the market square is the tourist information office for the municipality, the main office of which is in Hitzacker. The exhibition of the BUND Don't be a frog is also housed in the historic town hall . Dannenberg is located on the regional route from the Elbe valley to the Harz on the German half-timbered road, which runs through the federal states of Lower Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt .
Federal trunk roads
Dannenberg is connected to the trunk road network via several federal highways. Three federal highways run towards the city from the west and south. The traffic is concentrated in the city and carried over the river on the Dömitzer Elbe bridge, which is about ten kilometers to the northeast . About a kilometer behind the bridge, traffic is again distributed on federal highways in three directions. The federal highways running in the city are in detail:
- The federal road 191 coming from the south-west of Celle and Uelzen over the Dömitzer Elbbrücke to Ludwigslust , Parchim and Plau am See connects Dannenberg to the two middle centers and indirectly to the regional centers of Braunschweig, Hanover and Schwerin. Directly behind the bridge on the Mecklenburg river side, it crosses the B 195 ( Boizenburg - Wittenberge ).
- The federal highway 216 coming from the north-westerly direction from the Oberzentrum Lüneburg (ends in Dannenberg on the B 191), connects the city to Lüneburg and indirectly to Hamburg.
- The federal road 248 coming from the south from Braunschweig , Salzwedel and Lüchow (ends in Dannenberg on the B 191), connects Dannenberg to the district town Lüchow.
- The federal road 248a is a crossbar connecting the three named federal roads in a south-north direction from the B 248, via the B 191 to the B 216 in the west of the city area.
The city is connected to the surrounding area by two other national roads.
- The national road 231 connects the city with the two northern joint community members Hitzacker and New Darchau and continues towards Bleckede .
- The state road 256 ensures the connection to parts of the member communities Gusborn and Langendorf as well as to the joint community Gartow.
Dannenberg is connected to the railway network with the so-called Wendlandbahn Lüneburg– Dannenberg Ost ( timetable route 112, regional train 32). The route is served around five times a day by Erixx GmbH.
There used to be several railway lines to Dannenberg. Almost parallel to the federal highways, three railway lines ran towards the city from the west and south. The traffic was consolidated in the city and led across the river on the Dömitzer Elbe Bridge, about ten kilometers to the northeast . From Dömitz it branched in two directions. The railway lines in the Dannenberg urban area were:
- The Wittenberge – Buchholz line , to which Dannenberg was connected since 1874 via Dannenberg Ost station . The section running from Lüneburg via Dahlenburg to Dannenberg is still in operation today ("Wendlandbahn"), the line now ends about 1100 meters east of the station at the loading facility for Castor containers . The eastern section further to Dömitz and Wittenberge has not been used since 1945 and has since been removed. The line from Dömitz to Ludwigslust and Wismar, which was connected until 1945 and which was of certain importance for Dannenberg even after reunification, was also closed in the 1990s.
- The Uelzen – Dannenberg railway via the then second Dannenberg West station to Dannenberg East (opened in 1924) was closed in 1996 and is partially paved over and overgrown.
- The line branching off south in Dannenberg West to Lüchow ( Jeetzeltalbahn , opened in 1911), which previously continued to Wustrow and Salzwedel, was also closed for freight traffic in 1996. In 1999 the route was taken over by the Deutsche Regionaleisenbahn GmbH (DRE) and is used sporadically in special trips between Dannenberg and Lüchow. The last special trip took place in 2012.
One of the three broadcasting studios of the radio station Radio ZuSa is located in Dannenberg .
The Dannenberg District Court (Elbe) is located in Dannenberg, the judicial district of which extends to the entire Lüchow-Dannenberg district. It belongs to the regional court district of Lüneburg of the higher regional court district of Celle . The court is housed in the former district administration building on the Amtsberg.
The city of Dannenberg has several primary and secondary schools, special needs schools, adult and advanced training facilities and a music school .
The city has two primary schools , whose catchment areas cover the entire city area.
- The elementary school with kindergarten in Dannenberg (Elbe) in the western settlement has around 280 students. With the exception of the villages to the west, it supplies all parts of the city. As one of two primary schools in the district, the school is a member of the cooperation group promoting giftedness .
- The Prisser elementary school in the district of the same name has around 60 students. The catchment area includes the villages of Niestedt, Prisser, Riekau, Riskau, Schmarsau, Streetz and Tripkau in the west of the city.
Secondary level I and II
There are three secondary I and II schools in Dannenberg, all of which are located in a school center in the city center:
- The Nicolas Born School, a secondary and secondary school that was created in 2008 by merging the Elbmarsch School ( secondary school ) and the Bernhard Riemann Realschule ,
- the Fritz-Reuter - Gymnasium with about 600 students. The school is the only one of the secondary level in the district area to be a member of the cooperation group promoting giftedness .
There are three special needs schools in Dannenberg:
- The Elbe-Jeetzel-Schule Dannenberg is a state-approved substitute school for educational assistance in the Prisser district,
- the Erich-Kästner-Schule, special school L for people with learning disabilities in the Ostsiedlung.
- The Wendland School, a special school with a focus on intellectual development, is a state-recognized substitute school with 141 students (35 of them from other districts) in the Prisser district
Adult and continuing education
Dannenberg is the place of instruction at the Uelzen / Lüchow-Dannenberg District Adult Education Center .
The city of Dannenberg has four kindergartens and a crèche with a total of over 350 places. Two of the kindergartens (one of them with a language therapy kindergarten) and the crèche are sponsored by the DRK , one sponsored by the Protestant Church and another is run by an association. In addition, the Dannenberg primary school has a school kindergarten. The kindergartens are in detail:
- Mullewapp day care center. with speech therapy kindergarten in the city center on Lake Thielenburger See with 125 children (DRK)
- Evangelical kindergarten in the Ostsiedlung. with 101 children (Protestant parish Dannenberg)
- Popcorn. near the west settlement (free carrier Popcorn e.V.)
- Kindergarten Breese. in the district of Breese in der Marsch (DRK)
- Dannenberg day nursery. in the city center with 15 children (DRK)
In addition to the schools and kindergartens, there are a large number of other social infrastructure facilities in Dannenberg . Most of them are located in the south of the Prisser district in the extreme southwest of the Dannenberger Weichbild near the main road in the direction of Lüchow. The facilities are designed to supply the district or parts of it. Some also have a meaning beyond the district boundary. Together, the local facilities with several hundred jobs represent an increasingly important economic factor in the city. The following facilities are located in the south of the Prisser district:
- The Capio Elbe-Jeetzel-Klinik is the only hospital in the district. The former Dannenberg district hospital, inaugurated in 1961, was renovated in the 1980s and privatized in 2003. The forerunner of the hospital was founded in 1866 in the building now used by the Johanniter House (see below). The 175-bed clinic has the main departments of surgery, internal medicine, gynecology and obstetrics, a department for anesthesiology and intensive care medicine and other functional areas. Further specialists are active in the affiliated health center. In addition, it is an affiliated hospital for local specialists. A new hospital building was completed in 2012.
- The Johanniter House, which has been in operation since 1961, is the largest old people's home in the district with 133 care places.
- the Elbe-Jeetzel-Schule Dannenberg (see section schools)
- The DRK operates the following facilities on various properties in the south of the Prisser district:
- the district office with administration, social station and rescue service
- the special educational children's home Haus Sonnentau
- the Wendland School (see section schools)
- two residential groups are housed elsewhere in the district
- The following facilities are operated by
Haus der Lebenshilfe gGmbH
- a workshop for disabled people with currently 161 employees
- a facility for outpatient assisted living. with another group of flats housed elsewhere in Prisser with a total of around 20 residents
- the home on Jeetzeldeich with 42 residents
In the settlement Develang are in a building complex together with institutions of the volunteer fire department , the fire department Technical Office of the district as well as the Red Cross Willingness medical and care accommodated.
sons and daughters of the town
- Duke August the Younger of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (1579–1666)
- Johann Philipp Trefurt (1769–1841), Lutheran theologian
- Philipp Heinrich Friedrich Sievers (1774–1845), Protestant clergyman
- Georg Christian Nanne (1791–1862), bailiff in Wustrow
- Harry Bresslau (1848–1926), historian and diplomat
- Hans Korte (1899–1990), German major general
- Andreas Fischer (1955–2019), business educator and university professor
- Brigitte Pothmer (* 1955), politician (Alliance 90 / The Greens)
- Matthias Drude (* 1960), composer and university professor
- Detlef Weigel (* 1961), developmental biologist
- Marianne Tritz (* 1964), politician and lobbyist
- Heidi Kirste (* 1966), wheelchair basketball player
- Iris Bethge (born December 12, 1969), Managing Director at the Association of German Banks
- Kai Fagaschinski (* 1974), jazz clarinetist and composer
- Almuth Schult (* 1991), soccer player
Personalities who have worked on site
- Waldemar II (1170–1241), King of Denmark
- Johannes Schultz (1582–1653), composer
- Eleonore Prochaska (1785–1813), soldier of the Wars of Liberation who died in Dannenberg
- Theodor Körner (1791–1813) wrote the covenant song before the battle in Dannenberg before the battle of the Göhrde
- Gottlieb Planck (1824–1910), from 1855 to 1859 lawyer at the Dannenberg Higher Court, later a national liberal member of the Reichstag, co-author of the Civil Code
- Bernhard Riemann (1826–1866), important mathematician
- Berndt Wachter (1921–1998), teacher and archaeologist
- Nicolas Born (1937–1979), writer
- Klaus Müller-Klug (* 1938), sculptor
- Uwe Bremer (* 1940), painter and graphic artist
- Kurt-Dieter Grill (* 1943), German politician
- Bernard Fathmann (* 1948), qualified pedagogue and Low German author
- Katrin Magens (* 1954), painter and graphic artist
- Jan Peter Bremer (* 1965), writer
At the loading facility about 1100 m east of the Dannenberg-Ost train station, the up to 18 Castor casks with fuel elements arriving in a single transport from the La Hague reprocessing plant have been reloaded from the Castor train onto special low-loaders every year since the 1990s . From there it went the last 20 km under massive police protection on country roads to the above-ground nuclear waste interim storage facility in Gorleben . Dannenberg was therefore a recurring arena of resistance against nuclear energy policy and the demonstration for regenerative energies, an alternative society and a clean environment (so-called "Green Week"). Currently (since 2011) there are no more Castor transports. Not least because of the fate of the Gorleben salt dome, whose suitability as a repository for highly radioactive nuclear waste is highly controversial, the region is still shaped by this energy policy issue, as can be seen, for example, in the annual cultural land party.
In the Pisselberg district, the NDR operated the Dannenberg-Pisselberg radio station. During the day, a program on 630 kHz was distributed alternately with the SFB . Night operation was not possible due to the requirements of the Geneva Wave Plan . The transmitter is no longer in operation, the transmission mast was dismantled in 2014.
- The current district of Liepehöfen was until its incorporation into the city with three residents, the smallest independent municipality in Germany.
- Abraham Bresslau (1813–1884): Letters from Dannenberg 1835–1839. With an introduction to the family history of the historian Harry Bresslau (1848–1926) and the history of the Jews in Dannenberg. Ed. V. Peter Rück with the assistance of Erika Eisenlohr and Peter Worm. University Library, Marburg 2007, ISBN 978-3-8185-0441-0 .
- Bruno zu Jeddeloh: Telling Dannenberg Houses - On the settlement history of Dannenberg's old town . City of Dannenberg (Elbe), Dannenberg (Elbe) 1983, .
- Oskar Koch: Dannenberg local history. A collection of older and more recent news about the city of Dannenberg and its surroundings from the time up to 1880 . Dannenberg 1892, OCLC 251458074 .
- Michael Reinbold: Princely court and state administration in Dannenberg 1570–1636. Court and chancellery regulations as a mirror of sovereign self-image using the example of a Guelph secondary school. In: Lower Saxony Yearbook for State History. Vol. 64/1992, pp. 53-70.
- Berndt Wachter : From Dannenberg and its history. 3. Edition. supplemented by Wolfgang Meibeyer and Paul-Friedrich Miest. Dannenberg 2000.
- State Office for Statistics Lower Saxony, LSN-Online regional database, Table 12411: Update of the population, as of December 31, 2019 ( help ).
- Regional spatial planning program for the Lüchow-Dannenberg district.
- Statistics of the German Reich, Volume 450: Official municipality directory for the German Reich, Part I, Berlin 1939; P. 265.
- see data from the Society for Leprosy under Archived Copy ( Memento of the original from July 4, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , Overview of all medieval leprosories in Lower Saxony.
- Elbe-Jeetzel-Zeitung: A count gave his name - Again and again: Questions about Adolfsplatz ( Memento of the original from September 27, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , July 28, 2005.
- detail: Matthias Blazek: The fire extinguishing system in the area of the former Principality of Lüneburg from the beginnings to 1900, Adelheidsdorf 2006, p. 245, ISBN 978-3-00-019837-3 .
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer GmbH, Stuttgart and Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 230 and 231 .
- Archived copy ( Memento of the original from September 29, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- http://www.nak-norddeutschland.de/bezlueneburg.html .
- Historical Commission for Lower Saxony and Bremen, Working Group on the History of the Jews, Circular Letter No. 5 (July 2002) http://www.staatsarchive.niedersachsen.de/download/47802
- Berndt Wachter: From Dannenberg and its history. Becker Verlag Uelzen, 1981.
- Am Loom der Zeit No. 2, volume 24, local history supplement of the Elbe-Jeetzel-Zeitung , November 19, 1987.
- Archived copy ( memento of the original from January 17, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Archive link ( Memento of the original from September 27, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. City partnership Lask – Dannenberg (Elbe).
- http://www.marionettentheater.de/ Marionettentheater Dannenberg
- Archive link ( Memento of the original from July 8, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Museum association DAN.
- Internet pages of the Museumsverbund Lüchow-Dannenberg e. V. .
- Archive link ( Memento of the original from October 9, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Archive link ( Memento of the original from September 29, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. .
- Deutsche Bahn course book. Retrieved March 1, 2018 .
- http://www.oberlandesgericht-celle.niedersachsen.de/master/C5849067_N5671062_L20_D0_I4815647.html .
-  ( Page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. .
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