|Community association||Its Normandy agglomeration|
|Coordinates||49 ° 15 ′ N , 1 ° 25 ′ E|
|surface||40.62 km 2|
|Residents||8,056 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||198 inhabitants / km 2|
Le Petit Andely
Les Andelys is a French municipality with 8056 inhabitants (at January 1, 2017) in the Eure in the region of Normandy . It is the capital of the arrondissement of Les Andelys .
The city is located 85 kilometers northwest of Paris and 35 kilometers southeast of Rouen on the Seine and consists of two districts: Le Grand Andely and Le Petit Andely , which is why it is called Les Andelys ('the (two) Andelys'). Le Petit Andely is located directly on the orographic right bank of the Seine, at the inlet of the two streams Le Grand Rang and Le Gambon . Both streams run side by side in a northerly direction through a small valley through the hilly landscape. Le Grand Andely , the larger part of the entire city, which has grown together along a large boulevard , extends into this valley .
A megalith from the time of the megalithic culture stood in Le Grand Andely until the French Revolution (1789–1799) . It was called Monument druidique because it was thought to have been built by Celtic druids .
During the Roman occupation (52 BC to 486) Les Andelys belonged to the Civitas of the Veliocasses . The Celtic coin treasure of Les Andelys was discovered between 52 and 45 BC. And also buried in the beginning of the Gallo-Roman period. There are 60 coins, three of which are gold and the other silver.
Richard the Lionheart , King of England and Duke of Normandy , had the Château Gaillard built on a rocky promontory above the Seine in the 12th century . The castle was besieged by Philippe II of France (1165–1223) in 1203 and conquered in 1204, whereby Normandy fell to the Kingdom of France . In the Hundred Years War (1337-1453) it was used again and finally destroyed in the reign of Henry IV of France and Navarre (1589-1610).
During the Second World War (1939-1945) Les Andelys was bombed on June 8, 1940 by the German air force . The houses on Rue Saint-Jacques and Rue Grande on the Seine were on fire. The Notre-Dame church was hit, its crossing tower was on fire. The population fled across the river. The first soldiers of the Wehrmacht passed the city on June 9th . The French blew up the bridge. For five days, German and French troops fought each other on the bridge over the Seine. The Royal Air Force attacked at night . In the summer of 1944, during Operation Overlord, the Allied Air Force bombed the city. A total of 786 houses in Les Andelys were damaged or destroyed during World War II, Le Petit Andely in particular was affected.
Sources: Cassini and INSEE
Culture and sights
There are two museums in Les Andelys, the Musée Nicolas Poussin and the Mémorial Normandie Niemen . The Musée Nicolas Poussin was established in an 18th century building that the previous owner donated to the city after the restoration. The museum has Gallo-Roman exhibits, such as a 3rd century mosaic , religious objects, reliquary and statues, drawings from Château Gaillard, Louis-seize-style furniture , glassware, harmoniums and paintings by contemporary painters from the region.
The Promenade des Prés footpath is protected as a Site Inscrit (natural monument). It leads along a stream from the Seine to the center of the village.
National community competitions
Les Andelys is represented with three flowers in the Conseil national des villes et villages fleuris (National Council of Flowered Cities and Villages). The "flowers" are awarded in the course of a regional competition, whereby a maximum of three flowers can be achieved.
In addition, the municipality was classified as Ville Internet ('Internet City ') in 2000 with an @ . The “@s” are awarded to cities that promote the expansion and use of the Internet, with a maximum of five @s being awarded.
On aerial photographs from the 1990s is a moth with the ditch in the hamlet Clery be seen. The medieval complex was a fortified outpost of Château Gaillard and served as a defense against enemies approaching across the plain from the south or east.
The ruins of the Château Gaillard castle tower over the Le Petit Andely district . Here is a typical shopping street for the area, a large suspension bridge over the Seine and the 13th century church of Saint-Sauveur. The church was classified as a Monument historique ('historical monument') in 1840 .
The market square, which is particularly lively on Saturdays, forms the center of the Le Grand Andely district . Numerous shops around the square offer additional shopping opportunities. The Gothic collegiate church Notre-Dame-du-Grand-Andely , like the church in Le Petit Andely, dates from the 13th century, but was rebuilt in the 17th century, it was also classified as a monument historique in 1840 . The second church in Le Grand Andely was the parish church of Sainte-Madeleine from the 12th century. It was destroyed after the French Revolution. Le Grand Andely also houses the city's administration.
The Merovingian queen Chrodechild (474-544) founded a monastery in Les Andelys. According to legend, when the monastery was built, she turned the water of a spring into wine. The source still exists today. The Sainte-Clotilde-et-Saint-Nicolas chapel stood by the spring until 1940, and it was restored in 1203, so it must have been older. It was renewed in the 17th century and destroyed in World War II.
Protected Geographical Indications (IGP) apply to pork (Porc de Normandie) , poultry (Volailles de Normandie) and cider (Cidre de Normandie and Cidre normand) in the municipality .
sons and daughters of the town
- Adrianus Turnebus (1512–1565), philosopher and humanist
- Nicolas Poussin (1594–1665), painter of baroque classicism
- Jean-Pierre Blanchard (1753–1809), balloonist
- Charles Joshua Chaplin (1825-1891), painter
- Henri Torrés (1891–1966), lawyer and author
- Claude Brodin (1934-2014), fencer
- Yvon Douis (* 1935), former national soccer player
- Jacques Brodin (1946-2015), fencer
- Julius Petri (1924-2015)
People who have worked in the city
- Richard of Saint-Laurent (13th century) was the canon dean of Notre-Dame; Epitaph in the church
Romain Gary had his last novel Les cerfs-volants from 1980 played predominantly in the hamlet of Cléry in Les Andelys. Since the plot is outwardly mainly about building kites and letting them fly for children, Blanchard may have suggested it. As a fighter pilot of the Resistance Gary was in 1944 participated in the air battles over Normandy.
Since July 1994 there has been a town partnership with Harsewinkel in North Rhine-Westphalia .
- Website of the Mémorial Normandie Niemen (French)
- Les Andelys in the Base Mémoire des Ministère de la culture (French)
- ↑ a b A.-V. de Walle: Évreux et l'Eure pendant la guerre . Charles Herissey, Évreux 2000, ISBN 2-914417-05-5 , pp. 24 f. + 176 (French, first published in 1946).
- ↑ a b c Entry No. 27016 in the Base Mérimée of the French Ministry of Culture (French)
- ^ Dominique Cliquet: L'Eure . 27. In: Michel Provost, Academie des inscriptions et belles-lettres, Ministere de la culture (ed.): Carte Archéologique de la Gaule . Fondation Maison des Sciences de l'Homme, Paris 1993, ISBN 2-87754-018-9 , p. 44 (French).
- ↑ a b community list. (No longer available online.) In: eure.pref.gouv.fr. Préfecture of Eure, archived from the original on April 27, 2013 ; Retrieved on August 14, 2011 (French). Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- ↑ Palmarès des villes et villages fleuris. (No longer available online.) Conseil National des Villes et Villages Fleuris, formerly the original ; Retrieved on August 14, 2011 (French). ( Page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- ^ Les Andelys @ 2000. In: villesinternet. association des Villes Internet, accessed on July 21, 2012 (French).
- ^ Jean-Noël Le Borgne, Véronique Le Borgne, Pascale Eudier, Annie Etienne: Archeologie Aérienne dans l'Eure . Ed .: Association Archéo 27. Page de Garde, Caudebec-les-Elbeuf 2002, ISBN 2-84340-230-1 , p. 67 .
- ↑ Bernard Verwaerde: A quels saints se vouer? ... dans l'Eure . les saints protecteurs et guérisseurs. Editions Page de Garde, Caudebec-lès-Elbeuf 2001, ISBN 2-84340-191-7 , p. 63 ff . (French).
- ↑ La ville des Andelys. In: Annuaire-Mairie.fr. Retrieved July 21, 2012 (French).
- ↑ Julius Petri died at the age of 91. Neue Westfälische, accessed on June 23, 2015 .