|surface||14.22 km 2|
|Residents||3,722 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||262 inhabitants / km 2|
Le Vaudreuil is a French municipality with 3722 inhabitants (at January 1, 2017) in the Eure in the region of Normandy . It belongs to the arrondissement of Les Andelys and the canton of Val-de-Reuil .
Le Vaudreuil is located directly on the Eure in a loop of the Seine in the east of the large forest Forêt domaniale de Bord - Louviers (also known as Forêt de Louviers or Forêt de Bord ). Between Le Vaudreuil and Incarville runs the European route 5 , here called Autoroute de Normandie , it connects Évreux and Rouen , both of which are about 25 kilometers from Le Vaudreuil. There are numerous lakes between the village and the Seine.
In 1969 the parishes of Notre-Dame-du-Vaudreuil and Saint-Cyr-du-Vaudreuil were merged to form Le Vaudreuil. Previously, the communities were unofficially called les Vaudreuil or les Vaudreux ('the Vaudreuils'). During the French Revolution (1789-1799) Saint-Cyr-du-Vaudreuil was renamed to Vaudreuil-les-Ponts.
In the Gallo-Roman period (52 BC to 486 AD) there was a villa on the island in the Eure, which in the Merovingian period (486 to 8th century) became a royal estate owned by Gregory of Tours (538 / 539-594) was mentioned and, according to Auguste Longnon, explains the origin of the word Vaudreuil in the place names. There lived Fredegunde († 597) after the death of her husband Chilperic I. (535-584). According to Ernest Nègre, the original localities were first mentioned in 584 as Rhotoialensis villa , 884 as Redelio fisco , 1025 as Redolium and 1035/1040 as Rodolii valle . He assumes a Gallic origin of the place name. Accordingly, the place name is composed of roto and the place name ending -ó-ialo , which became val ('valley') or vau in the Langues d'oïl from the 12th century onwards. Roto is generally translated as 'wheel', but means 'ford' in place names, it appears, for example, in Rotomagus , the Gallo-Roman name of Rouen.
In the Notre-Dame-du-Vaudreuil district, a Gallo-Roman cemetery was discovered in a quarry around 1859. Various artifacts were found during the excavations , including thirty ceramic vessels, some of which contained burnt bones. One vessel contained a coin from the reign of Nero , which is said to date from the years 54 to 58. Various bronze objects found there date from the reign of Gaius Iulius Caesar , Tiberius (14 to 37 AD), Trajan (98–117) and Mark Aurel (161–180).
In 924, the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte was implemented in relation to Le Vaudreuil and the town officially became the property of the Dukes of Normandy . The dukes had the royal estate converted into a castle . Osbern de Crépon was murdered there in 1039. Archers from Le Vaudreuil participated in the Norman conquest of England in 1066 and fought at the Battle of Hastings . In 1136, Roger III conquered . de Tosny took over the castle, but was soon forced to hand it over to the King of England . The castle was conquered by Count Gottfried V of Anjou in 1143 and by King Philip II of France in 1193 . After an unsuccessful attempt at conquering by Jean Plantagenêt the following year, Philip II had the castle razed in 1195.
After Normandy was occupied by the French in 1204, Le Vaudreuil became the king's land, on which Louis IX. , Philip IV and Johann II resided. During the Huguenot Wars , Le Vaudreuil was captured by the Holy League in 1588 . In 1657, Claude Girardin, a friend of Nicolas Fouquet , built the castle, the gardens of which were designed by André Le Nôtre . The castle was demolished in 1822.
Le Vaudreuil had the fewest inhabitants in 1793 (716), until 1866 the population increased (1058). The community has been growing since the 1970s. In 2006 it had more than three times as many inhabitants as in 1968.
The municipality's coat of arms is blue and shows a silver, wave-shaped crossbar , accompanied by three golden lilies in the head of the shield and a black-covered arch in the tip of the shield. The heraldic colors "silver" and "gold" are shown in white and yellow on coats of arms.
Culture and sights
The banks of the Seine and Andelle are protected by Le Vaudreuil as a Site Inscrit ('natural monument').
Since the parish consists of two localities that have been merged, it has two churches. The parish church of Saint-Cyr in the district of Saint-Cyr-du-Vaudreuil and the Church of Notre-Dame in Notre-Dame-du-Vaudreuil. The latter was built in the 12th century, from that time only the apses and the choir have survived. These parts are as Monument historique classified (classé MH) , a total of the church as is inscrit MH entered in the supplementary list of historic monuments. The parish church of Saint-Cyr was built in the 16th century. The nave was restored in 1731, further extensive restorations were carried out from 1869 to 1874.
In the 19th century, Le Vaudreuil had a flour mill , two wool mills , four fulling mills , a weaving mill and a brickworks . The railway station of Le Vaudreuil was of trains of the railway line Louviers - approached Saint-Pierre-du-Vauvray. Today there are branches of the perfume manufacturer Hermès , an electronics manufacturer and a pharmaceutical company in the municipality. The railway line was closed and converted into a 20-kilometer walking and cycling path (voie verte) between Poses and Pinterville .
- Antoine Legendre (1590–1665), born in Notre-Dame-du-Vaudreuil.
- Antoine Portail (1675–1736), Chief Justice, one of the owners of the Vaudreuil Castle, sponsor of the small castle of the Orangery.
- François Simon de Pfaff de Pfaffenhoven (1797–1872) Baron, Grand Ducal Chamberlain of Baden and numismatist.
- Edgar Raoul-Duval (1832–1887), magistrate and politician, Mayor of Notre-Dame-du-Vaudreuil from 1878 to 1887.
- Édouard Gachot (1862–1945), writer, journalist and historian of Napoleon (Oscar 1937) is buried in the cemetery.
- Gustave Loiseau (1865–1935), French Post-Impressionist, painted several paintings of Saint-Cyr-du-Vaudreuil and the area around the Eure.
- Roger de Figuères: Les noms révolutionnaires des communes de France . Lists par départments et liste générale alphabétique. Au siège de la Société, Paris 1901, LCCN 31-005093 , p. 21 (French, online ).
- Daniel Delattre, Emmanuel Delattre: L'Eure, les 675 communes . Editions Delattre, Grandvilliers 2000, pp. 280 (French).
- Auguste Longnon: Les noms de lieu de la France: leur origine, leur signification, leurs transformations . Ayer Publishing, 1973, ISBN 978-0-8337-2142-6 , pp. 68 (French, limited preview in Google Book Search - reprint).
- Eusèbe Girault de Saint-Fargeau: Dictionnaire géographique, historique, industriel et commercial de toutes les communes de la France et de plus de 20,000 hameaux en dépendant: illustré de 100 gravures de costumes coloriés, plans et armes des villes . tape 3 . F. Didot, Paris 1846, p. 76 ( in Gallica [accessed August 20, 2010]).
- Ernest Nègre: Toponymie générale de la France . tape 1 . Librairie Droz, 1990, ISBN 978-2-600-02884-4 , pp. 180 (French, limited preview in Google Book search).
- L. Coutil: Les cinq cimetières gaulois de l'embouchure de l'Eure et de 1'Andelle dans la Seine, près de Pont-de-1'Arche (Eure) . In: Bulletin de la Société préhistorique française . tape 17 , no. 12 , 1920, p. 292–295 (French, in Persée [accessed July 19, 2010]).
- Le Vaudreuil - notice communal. In: cassini.ehess.fr. Retrieved July 19, 2010 (French).
- List of the municipalities of Eure. (No longer available online.) In: eure.pref.gouv.fr. Préfecture of Eure, archived from the original on April 27, 2013 ; Retrieved on August 14, 2011 (French). Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- A. Blanchard, M. Delafenêtre, Lisa Pascual: Jardins de Normandie . Your. Connaissance des Jardins, Caen 2001, ISBN 2-912454-07-7 , pp. 47 (French).
- Le Vaudreuil. In: Base Mérimée. Ministère de la culture, accessed June 21, 2010 (French).
- Voie verte de la Seine à l'Eure. (PDF, 1.51 MB) (No longer available online.) In: Voie vertes. Comité départementale du tourisme de l'Eure, p. 4f , formerly in the original ; Retrieved July 20, 2010 (French). ( Page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- La ville de Vaudreuil. In: Annuaire-Mairie.fr. Retrieved July 21, 2012 (French).