|State :||Bosnia and Herzegovina|
|Entity :||Republika Srpska|
|Area :||228 km²|
|Residents :||15,245 (2018)|
|Population density :||67 inhabitants per km²|
|Telephone code :||+387 (0) 53|
|Postal code :||74450|
|Structure and administration (as of 2016)|
|Structure :||19 local communities|
|Mayor :||Ilija Jovičić ( SNSD )|
Brod ( Serbian - Cyrillic Брод , also Bosanski Brod / Босански Брод) is a city with about 18,000 inhabitants in the north of Bosnia and Herzegovina , about 70 km northeast of Banja Luka . It belongs to the Republika Srpska , one of the two entities of the country, and is located on the Save , which forms the border with Croatia here. Opposite, on the northern bank of the Sava, is the Croatian town of Slavonski Brod . The place name means “ford” in German and refers to the favorable location on a flat spot on the Sava.
Brod lies in a bend in the river on the central reaches of the Sava, where it begins to meander in a broad plain after passing the Motajica Mountains. The municipality of Brod borders on Derventa to the south and Modriča and Odžak to the east .
Under Austrian rule , Bosanski Brod experienced a significant boom, in particular through the construction of the railway in 1896/97, the Carevska i Kraljevska Bosanska Željeznica , and the beginning of industrialization. Evidence of this was the visit by Emperor Franz Joseph in 1908 to the opening of the train station, where he was received by Mayor Mehmed Hadži Hodžić.
During the Second World War, the city belonged to the fascist Independent State of Croatia (NDH) and was named Brod na Savi.
In 1992 the Sijekovac massacre took place during the Bosnian War . Members of the HOS destroyed the Serbian Orthodox Church of the Protection and Intercession of the Virgin Mary , which was rebuilt from 1999 to 2009. After the Bosnian War the city was deserted, and the rebuilding of the bridge between Bosnia-Herzegovina and Croatia brought it back to life.
Since 1994 the city has been referred to as Srpski Brod ( Serbian Ford ) by the authorities of the Republika Srpska . In a 2004 ruling by the Bosnian Constitutional Court, these and other ethnically motivated renaming were declared unconstitutional. Since then, bread has been used without additives.
In 1991 the municipality of Bosanski Brod had 33,962 inhabitants, of whom 13,993 (40.98%) were Croats , 11,389 (33.36%) were Serbs , 4,088 (11.97%) were Slavic Muslims and 3,664 (10.73 %) called Yugoslavs .
In the city itself (14,098 inhabitants) there were no clear majorities. The largest group were the 4,373 Serbs (31%). In addition, 4,086 inhabitants described themselves as Croats (29%), 2,760 as Yugoslavs (19.6%) and 2,246 as Muslims (15.9%). In addition, ten villages with a Serb majority and nine with a Croatian majority as well as one with a predominantly Muslim population belonged to the municipality.
The population after the war is (depending on the source) between 22,471 and 32,000, of which at least 22,000 are Serbs.
The municipality consists of a total of 23 villages: Brod, Brusnica Mala, Brusnica Velika, Donja Barica, Donja Močila, Donja Vrela, Donje Kolibe, Donji Klakar, Gornja Barica, Gornja Močila, Gornja Vrela, Gornje Kolibe, Gornji Klakar, Grk, Koraće, Kričanovo, Kruščik, Liješće, Novo Selo, Sijekovac, Unka, Vinska and Zborište.
Brod owns a large oil refinery . It has stood still for a few months since July 2003. Production was resumed with the participation of a Russian company. In the fall of 2009, repairs to the refinery were completed and work resumed. About 1500 people worked there at the time (as of August 2011). Since October 2018, production has been idle due to an accident. In January 2020 it was announced that the refinery would be converted into a gas-fired power plant.
Most of the transit traffic in the Bosnian part of the Posavina takes place over the bridge in Brod . In order to relieve the region and create a second border crossing in the Posavina, the A1 motorway through the village of Donji Svilaj east of Brod is planned.
On July 10, 1879, the 3.6-kilometer standard-gauge connecting line Slavonski Brod – Bosanski Brod was opened by the Royal Hungarian State Railways . At that time, the Savebrücke served both rail and road traffic. On April 22nd, 1879, the Bosanski Brod - Žepče section of the narrow-gauge Bosna Railway leading to Sarajevo was put into operation. In 1969 the traffic on the remaining section Bosanski Brod - Derventa was stopped.
- Ljiljana Petrović (1939-2020), Yugoslav singer
- Mate Šakić († 1945), Ustascha member and mayor of Bosanski Brod in the Independent State of Croatia (NDH)
- http://rzs.rs.ba/front/article/3630/ Updated population figures for 2018 from the Institute for Statistics of the Republika Srpska. Retrieved June 9, 2019.
- Austrian National Library: Arrival of the Emperor at the Bosanski Brod train station. 1908, Retrieved January 8, 2020 .
- Report by the Federal Commissioner for Bosnia and Herzegovina ( Memento of the original from August 10, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Eksplozija potresla rafineriju Bosanski Brod, ima povrijeđenih. In: AlJazeera Balkans. October 9, 2018, accessed January 9, 2020 (Bosnian).
- BN Televizija: Rafinerija Bosanski Brod. BN Televizija, January 3, 2020, accessed January 8, 2020 (Bosnian).
- Victor von Röll : Encyclopedia of the Railway System. Bosnian-Herzegovinian Railways. Retrieved April 1, 2016 .
- Official website
- Bosanski Brod on the side of the Federal Commissioner for Bosnia (1998)
- Official Brod Forum