|surface||119.33 km 2|
|Residents||1,281 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||11 inhabitants / km 2|
Captieux ( Gascon Capsius ) is a French municipality with 1281 inhabitants (at January 1, 2017) in the Gironde department in the region Nouvelle-Aquitaine ; it belongs to the arrondissement of Langon and the canton of Le Sud-Gironde .
Captieux is the southernmost municipality in the Gironde department. It borders in the north on Bernos-Beaulac , in the east on Escaudes and Giscos , in the south-east on Maillas , in the south on Lencouacq and Retjons , in the south-west on Bourriot-Bergonce and in the west on Lucmau . In the southwest, the municipality of Captieux has a share in a large military training area.
The place was formerly called Cap Seves or Cap Sevestre, Latin Caput silvarum . In the Middle Ages it was a station on the Way of St. James from Limoges to Santiago de Compostela , the Via Lemovicensis .
Veien Abbey was located between Captieux in the north and Roquefort in the south. The second wedding of the French King Francis I (1494–1547) took place here between July 3 and August 5, 1530 , with the Spanish Princess Eleonore Archduchess of Austria (1498–1558), daughter of Philip the Fair , Archduke of Austria and King of Castile .
In 1950 the American armed forces set up an ammunition dump on 100 km² in Captieux. In 1967 the Americans withdrew at the request of the French government. The military installations were taken over by the French army - albeit to a lesser extent.
- Saint-Martin church (see also: List of Monuments historiques in Captieux )
- Medieval castle, in the 14th century it belonged to the Captal de Buch , later to Henri de Lorraine, comte d'Harcourt (1601–1666)
- Le Patrimoine des Communes de la Gironde. Flohic Éditions, Volume 1, Paris 2001, ISBN 2-84234-125-2 , pp. 485-486.
- “La rencontre et le mariage se firent dans l'Abbaye de Veien, située sur les confins des Landes et du Condomois, entre Rocquefort de Marsan et Capitieux ou Capsjoux.” In: Gabriel-Henri Gaillard : Histoire De François Premier, Roi de France, Dit Le Grand Roi et le Pere des Lettres. Volume 4. Saillant & Nyon, Paris 1769, pp. 110-111 .