|Canton||Les Landes des Graves|
|Community association||Convergence Garonne|
|surface||29.24 km 2|
|Residents||1,407 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||48 inhabitants / km 2|
Saint Laurent Church
Illats ( Illats ) is a French municipality with 1407 inhabitants (at January 1, 2017) in the Gironde department in the region Nouvelle-Aquitaine . It belongs to the Arrondissement of Langon and the canton of Les Landes des Graves .
Illats is located in the Guyenne in the Graves wine-growing region at an average altitude of 32 meters above sea level, 32 kilometers southeast of Bordeaux , the capital of the Aquitaine region , 6.2 kilometers southwest of Podensac , the capital of the canton and about 6 kilometers west of the Garonne . The village is surrounded by the neighboring municipalities of Pujols-sur-Ciron , Barsac and Landiras . The municipality has an area of 29.24 square kilometers.
In Gallo-Roman times (52 BC to 486 AD) the Via Aquitania led through the municipality of Cérons (Sirio), 5 kilometers north of Illats . The road from the north-west of Barsac to Illats was still called the "Gallic Way" in the 17th century. Nevertheless, it is unlikely that the place name comes from Gallo-Roman times. Ernest Nègre assumes in his toponymy générale de la France that it is a Gascon place name derived from ilhac ('lilac').
The part of Illats that lies south of the Gargalle stream was under the jurisdiction of Landiras in the Ancien Régime , while the northern part was under Podensac . In addition, Illats belonged to the Sénéchaussée of Bordeaux .
In 1793 Illats received the status of a municipality in the course of the French Revolution (1789-1799). In 1801, the municipality received the right to local self- government under the name Iltatz through administrative reform in the reign of Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821). The community had the most inhabitants in 1851 (1710), and least in 1946 (929).
The parish church of Saint-Laurent was built towards the end of the 11th or beginning of the 12th century. The nave and the entrance portal date from the 12th or 13th century. The south transept was built in the 17th century, the north in the 18th century. The building is listed in the supplementary directory of the Monuments historiques ('historical monuments').
The manor Château de Cages was built in the 14th century. However, only a single tower in the garden has survived from that time. The tower was originally part of a defensive wall . The manor house was enlarged in the 16th century and the residential building was rebuilt in the 18th century. The outbuildings were destroyed in the 19th century. The Château de Cages is now privately owned.
- Le Patrimoine des Communes de la Gironde. Flohic Éditions, Volume 2, Paris 2001, ISBN 2-84234-125-2 , pp. 1127-1129.
- André Ducos: Illats. (pdf; 563 kB) Une Commune des Graves. P. 4f , accessed on September 21, 2011 (French).
- Le village d'Illats. In: Annuaire-Mairie.fr. Retrieved September 20, 2011 (French).
- VR 17: De Boulogne à Narbonne par l'ouest de la France. In: Itinéraires Romains en France. Retrieved September 21, 2011 (French).
- Ernest Nègre : Toponymie générale de la France . Volume 2: Formations non-romanes, formations dialectales (= Publications Romanes et Françaises. 194). 2ème tirage. Librairie Droz, Geneva 1996, ISBN 2-600-00133-6 , p. 1251, ( online ).
- Illats - notice communal. In: cassini.ehess.fr. Retrieved September 21, 2011 (French).
- entry no. 33205 in the Base Mérimée of the French Ministry of Culture (French).