Gais (South Tyrol)

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(Italian: Gais )
coat of arms
Coat of arms of Gais
Gais in South Tyrol - Positionskarte.svg
State : Italy
Region : Trentino-South Tyrol
Province : Bolzano - South Tyrol
District community : Val Pusteria
Inhabitants :
(VZ 2011 / 31.12.2019)
3.171 / 3.298
Language groups :
(according to 2011 census )
97.05% German
2.65% Italian
0.29% Ladin
Coordinates 46 ° 50 ′  N , 11 ° 57 ′  E Coordinates: 46 ° 50 ′  N , 11 ° 57 ′  E
Altitude : 819– 3171  m slm (center: 841  m slm )
Surface: 60.34 km²
Permanent settlement area: 7.9 km²
Parliamentary groups : Lanebach, Mühlbach , Tesselberg, Uttenheim
Neighboring municipalities: Bruneck , Mühlwald , Percha , Pfalzen , Sand in Taufers
Partnership with : Coburg ( Bavaria )
Postal code : 39030
Area code : 0474
ISTAT number: 021034
Tax number: 81007220213
Mayor  (2015): Christian Gartner ( SVP )

Gais ( also Gais in Italian ) is a municipality with 3298 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2019) in South Tyrol ( Italy ). It is located in the Tauferer Valley near Bruneck .


Location of Gais north of Bruneck

The municipality of Gais extends over an area of ​​60.34 km² in the Tauferer Tal and the surrounding mountains. The Tauferer Tal branches off to the north of the Pustertal near Bruneck - Gais' southern neighboring municipality - and the Ahr flows through it. The section belonging to Gais, which borders Sand in Taufers in the north , is almost flat and offers space for two village settlements. The southern of the two villages is the main Gais (830- 850  m slm ) at the foot of Bärentaler Murkegels , northern the fraction Uttenheim (840- 880  m ).

On its west side, the Tauferer Tal is flanked by the south-eastern foothills of the Zillertal Alps . There, a little southwest of Uttenheim on steep slopes, at an altitude of over 1500  m , are the scattered farms of the Lanebach mountain fraction .

In the east, the Rieserferner group borders the Tauferer Tal. At an altitude of approx.  1500  m there are two particularly sun-exposed fractions of the community: on the one hand, Mühlbach on the slopes of the Mühlbach valley, which flows into the Tauferer Tal near the main town , and on the other, Tesselberg, a little south of the municipality border with Percha . Be Dominated the two villages in the northeast of the high mountain regions to the highest Gaiser peaks, including the Great Windschar ( 3041  m ), the black wall ( 3105  m ) and the Morgenkofel ( 3073  m ), which in the Rieserferner-Ahrn are placed under protection .


The name "Gais" - first documented in the years 985–993 in the tradition book of the Bressanone Monastery as "Geizes" - designates the main town of the large community formed in 1928 and could be related to the fact that the place lies and means at the feet of a murk as much as "alluvial land". The Tesselberg parliamentary group owes its name to the Bavarian duke Tassilo III.


The community of Gais was formed in 1928 from the previously independent communities of Gais, Uttenheim, Mühlbach and Tesselberg.

In the Middle Ages, today's fractions of Gais belonged to the Uttenheim court, from which various communities emerged in 1811, including the Uttenheim community with the Uttenheim and Gais fractions. The Uttenheim court had its seat in Gais from the 17th century. In 1814 the places became independent communities again. Gais belonged to the judicial district of Taufers until the end of the First World War and was part of the district of Bruneck .


Municipal Council (2015)
A total of 18 seats


Mayor since 1952:

  • Florian Kronbichler: 1952–1974
  • Sebastian Jaufenthaler: 1974–1980
  • Max Brugger: 1980-2005
  • Romana Stifter: 2005–2015
  • Christian Gartner: 2015

coat of arms

In 1956, the Italian government gave the municipality a coat of arms that had no relation to the place or its history. In 1986 the local council decided to replace it with a new one. The evangelist John , whose symbol is the eagle, was the first church patron of the Gais parish. That is why the new municipal coat of arms contains an eagle in the right half. The bars in the colors blue-gold-blue come from the coat of arms of the former court of Uttenheim.


Until 1957 the place had two train stations on the Tauferer Bahn .


There are three in the municipality primary schools in the capital Gais, Uttenheim and Mühlbach together the German school district of the neighboring municipality of Brunico I are connected.

There are also kindergartens in Gais and Uttenheim.

Worth seeing

Parish Church of St. John the Evangelist
  • Parish church of St. John the Evangelist in Gais
  • Parish church of St. Margareth in Uttenheim
  • Curate Church of the 14 Holy Helpers in Mühlbach
  • Curate church for the saints Chrysant and Daria in Tesselberg
  • Neuhaus Castle
  • Chapel of the Visitation of the Virgin Mary in Gais
  • Chapel of St. Erasmus
  • Kehlburg
  • Fire helmet museum
  • Gais cultural trail
  • Mühlbacher Badl

Personalities associated with Gais

Home song

The Gaisinger Heimatlied was written on October 3, 1944 by Pastor Anton Hopfgartner. Candidus Weitlaner, a cooperator in Gais from 1943 to 1949, wrote in a preliminary remark about the text of the Heimatlied: Gais is now one of the few happy villages that has its own Heimatlied.

I know a village, very dear and trusting,
on the quiet course of the Ahr, built
into the wide valley:
I love that forever.
The alder trees are green
and the fields are splendid!
When it comes to my mind,
my heart and eyes laugh.
[: it's my home,
which I love so hot, it
's my sunshine,
my dear Gais .:]

The sun greets you from the Kehlburgschloß
In the morning, happy into the valley;
It is enthroned - a knight on horseback -
on a tannic wall.
And from the west
greets Burg Neuhaus, too,
like a fairy tale child,
lovely extremely.
[: it's my home,
which I love so hot, it
's my sunshine,
my dear Gais .:]

The Löffler and the Keilbachspitz
In the bright firn snow,
The Peitler rises up
into the heights in the flash of the sun, glowing red.
Around the miraculous look ,
In the middle
lies the piece of earth,
Where I was born:
[: It's my home,
which I love so hot, it
's my sunshine,
My dear Gais .:]

And in the middle of my home,
a house of God so beautiful,
A tower so slim and free and fine,
It rises to the heights of the sky.
Bells bright and pure,
Tune in with joyful
wisdom , Joins cheerfully
In the homeland price:
[: It's my homeland,
which I love so hot, it
's my sunshine,
My dear Gais .:]



  • Richard Heuberger : A clientele of the 14th century about the development of the Gais parish . In: Journal of the Ferdinandeum for Tyrol and Vorarlberg 57 (1913), pp. 362–368.
  • Karl Finsterwalder : The Pustertal place name Gais in the view of old Germanic language creation. With a side glance at the "Gissübel" names . In: Der Schlern 43 (1969), pp. 155–158.
  • Albert Willeit (Ed.): Gais in the Tauferer Tal. Village book for the 1000th anniversary , Gais: Committee 1000 Years Gais 1986. (online)
  • Lydia Reichegger: History of Uttenheim in the Middle Ages and early modern times . In: Der Schlern 67 (1993), pp. 471-480, 535-554.
  • Helmuth Auer, Simon Auer: Dorfbuch Uttenheim-Lanebach , Gais: Gemeinde Gais 2007. (online)

Web links

Commons : Gais  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Oswald Redlich : The traditional books of the Brixen monastery from the 10th to the 14th century (Acta Tirolensia 1). Innsbruck: Wagner 1886, p. 7, no. 14.
  2. ^ Culture - Villages - Gais. Gais parish, accessed March 7, 2011 .
  3. ^ Culture - Villages - Uttenheim. Gais parish, accessed March 7, 2011 .
  4. The mayors of the South Tyrolean municipalities since 1952. (PDF; 15 MB) In: Festschrift 50 Years of the South Tyrolean Association of Municipalities 1954–2004. Association of South Tyrolean municipalities, pp. 139–159 , accessed on November 16, 2015 .
  5. Bruneck School District I. South Tyrolean Citizens' Network , accessed on October 25, 2014 .
  6. ^ Albert Willeit and Albert Forer (eds.): Gais in the Tauferer Tal. Village book for the 1000 year anniversary . Committee 1000 Years Gais, Gais 1986, p. 7