Corps Guestphalia Heidelberg

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Guestphalia Heidelberg

The Corps Guestphalia Heidelberg was a corps founded on December 1, 1818 at the Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg . It was a member of the Heidelberg Senior Citizens' Convention .

coat of arms

The corps coat of arms is quartered. It shows a circle surrounded by the heraldic motto Gloria virtutis comes at the top right . At the top left is the Westphalian horse , at the bottom right the color green-white-black and at the bottom left the federal sign , consisting of two crossed basket bats and the initial GUN of the weapon motto Gladius ultor noster surrounded by laurel .


The origins of Guestphalia go back to the time of the reorganization of the Heidelberg University by Grand Duke Karl Friedrich von Baden , when, especially thanks to the appointment of Anton Friedrich Justus Thibaut , who had taught Roman law in Heidelberg since 1805, an increased influx of students was sufficient Northern Germany favored the formation of country teams with northern German characteristics. Together with the senior citizens of the Rhinelander, Swabia, Helveter and Nassauer as well as the Renoncen , represented by the fraternity of Teutonia, the Westphalian senior Schütte ratified the confirmation of the SC comment of 1813 in the summer of 1816. A little later, it disappears from student life without formally dissolving.

On December 1, 1818, ten Heidelberg students donated a new Guestphalia, which negotiated with the old one about taking over voting rights in the SC. Both agreed on a merger, provided that the members of the former Guestphalia resigned immediately after the merger. The first years were marked by persecution by the authorities. The corps had to briefly disband repeatedly. In January 1820 a Westphalian was relegated, another had to sign the Consilium abeundi. Others were forced to leave the corps. Since foreign influx was not expected, the Corps suspended on May 31, 1820 and laid down the vote in the SC. Guestphalia was not reconstituted until December 15, 1821. Investigations against the Heidelberg fraternity at the beginning of 1824 also put the corps in distress, which declared their dissolution and reorganized in so-called clubs . The old SC was restored in May of that year. The conflict with the authorities finally escalated in the summer of 1828 when the Heidelberg student body moved to Frankenthal, in which the Westphalians took part.

On July 25, 1836 Guestphalia introduced the status of Renoncen as a preliminary stage to full membership for its own corps. When, as part of the revolutionary movement of 1848, calls for reform were articulated among the student body, Guestphalia advocated maintaining the primacy of the corps and expressly opposed the unification of the student body into a "general public". In the same year, along with Vandalia, she was the driving force behind the founding of the Kösener Senior Citizens' Convents Association , which also saw itself as a bulwark against overzealous reformers. With the vandal Friedrich von Klinggräff , the Westphalian Konstantin v. Sileon the founding congress in Jena. In 1892 Guestphalia was the presiding suburban corps in the KSCV.


Due to the German Revolution of 1848/1849 , the number of students in Heidelberg temporarily fell from 1000 to around 350. At the same time, several Westphalians took part on the Prussian side in the Schleswig-Holstein War . The resulting weakening of the active portfolio forced a renewed suspension of active operations from April 23 to June 21, 1849.

Until the second half of the 19th century, the corps traditionally consisted only of the student members who formally left the university when they left the university. On the occasion of the 50th foundation festival in 1868, a finance committee consisting of 12 old men was set up to reduce the corps' debts, which formed the basis for the later old gentlemen's association. Guestphalia belonged to the corps of the German Empire that kept extremely low profile from the outside world and were considered particularly exclusive. Numerous leading representatives of the Prussian administration emerged from its ranks.

Suspension and abandonment

Guestphalia stopped active operations in the winter semester of 1934/35 due to a lack of active members. The old gentlemen's association remained and later, like the other corps in the Heidelberg Senior Citizens' Convention, promoted the SC comradeship " Axel Schaffeld ".

In the post-war period , a table society "Vandalo-Guestphalia" was formed as a reform association, which was promoted by the old gentlemen of Guestphalia and Vandalia . From it emerged on July 25, 1950 the new Corps Vandalo-Guestphalia. Both corps were markedly “North German”. Vandalia was orientated towards Mecklenburg and Hamburg, Guestphalia towards Westphalian and Prussian.

The Heidelberg Westphalia Association V. announced on December 31, 1964 that he was leaving the Association of Old Corps Students . A separate representation on the Congress of Representatives had become obsolete because the Vandalo Guestphalia old gentlemen's association looked after the corps' political interests. The old gentlemen's association of the Vandalo Guestphalia also finally left the VAC in 1972 after the active corps had already left the Heidelberger SC and thus the KSCV due to the abandonment of the determination censorship.

External relations

Guestphalia formed the core of the green circle with the cartel corps Suevia Tübingen and Misnia (III) . Friendly relationships existed with Franconia Munich and Pomerania .

Corp house

In the 19th century, Guestphalia pubs in the "Holzerei" on Museum Square. Later the corps had its own corps house built on a ledge of the Heidelberg Schlossberg . It is in the immediate vicinity of the Vandalia house, to which it is connected by a shared garden. It was built in 1885/86 by the Heidelberg building inspector Hermann Behaghel in a mixture of neo-renaissance and neo-Gothic styles .

Well-known Westphalia

Silhouette of a Heidelberg Westphalia - excerpt from Couleur map (1907)

In alphabetic order

Guestphalia I (1806-1818)

Guestphalia II (since 1818)



Local and state officials

Artists, writers and patrons

Parliamentarians and ministers

See also


  • Richard August Keller: Contributions to the history of the first Heidelberg country teams. 1802-1806 , Diss., Heidelberg 1914.
  • Guestphalia . In: The corps life in Heidelberg during the nineteenth century . Heidelberg 1886, pp. 93-104.
  • Paul Salvisberg : The Heidelberg corp houses . Academische Monatshefte 3 (1886/87), pp. 123-134.
  • Christian Frhr. v. Hammerstein: Corps Vandalo-Guestphalia , in: Gerhart Berger, Detlev Aurand (eds.): … Weiland Bursch zu Heidelberg…. A commemorative publication by the Heidelberg Corporations for the 600th anniversary of Ruperto-Carola . Heidelberg 1986, pp. 233-237.
  • History of the Corps Guestphalia zu Heidelberg. 1818, 1934, 2007 , published on behalf of the old gentlemen's association of the Vandalo-Guestphalia by Jean Jaques de Chapeaurouge and Detlev Werner v. Bülow. Thomas Helms Verlag Schwerin 2019

Web links

Commons : Corps Guestphalia Heidelberg  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. dt. "Honor is the companion of virtue"
  2. ^ Eckhard Oberdörfer: Der Heidelberger Karzer , Cologne 2005, p. 159.
  3. German "The sword is our avenger"
  4. ^ Wilhelm Fabricius : The German Corps. A historical representation with special consideration of the scaling . Berlin 1898, p. 216.
  5. ^ EH Eberhard: Handbook of the student liaison system. Leipzig, 1924/25, p. 66.
  6. ^ Guestphalia . In: The corps life in Heidelberg during the nineteenth century . Heidelberg 1886, p. 93
  7. ^ Guestphalia , in: The corps life in Heidelberg during the nineteenth century . Heidelberg 1886, p. 102
  8. Detlev Grieswelle: On the sociology of the Kösener Corps 1870-1914 , in: Christian Helfer , Mohammed Rassem (ed.): Student and University in the 19th Century. Göttingen 1975, p. 356 ff.