Wandlitz (Wandlitz)

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municipality Wandlitz
Wandlitz coat of arms
Coordinates: 52 ° 45 ′ 13 ″  N , 13 ° 27 ′ 6 ″  E
Height : 58 m above sea level NHN
Area : 11.54 km²
Residents : 5943  (Sep. 30, 2013)
Population density : 515 inhabitants / km²
Postal code : 16348
Area code : 033397
Wandlitz (Brandenburg)

Location of Wandlitz in Brandenburg

Part of the historic village center of Wandlitz with the village church in the background

Wandlitz is a district of the municipality of the same name north of Berlin , which belongs to the Barnim district in the state of Brandenburg . Until 2003 it was an independent place within the Wandlitz office . In today's district live on 11.54  km² 5943 inhabitants, which corresponds to a population density of 515 inhabitants per km².

The village of Wandlitz was first mentioned in a document in 1242. In the Middle Ages, it was owned by the Cistercians of the Lehnin Monastery , 26 kilometers from the center of the city of Berlin, and in the 20th century developed into a preferred place for excursions and living. Surrounded by mixed forests lakes in and around Wandlitz -  Stolzenhagener Lake , Wandlitzer See , Framers lake and Liepnitzsee  - are part of the Brandenburg large reserve Barnim Nature Park . They lie in the terminal moraine landscape of the Vistula Ice Age , to which a number of silting bodies of water such as the Three Holy Puddles belong.

The state road L 100 (until 2016 B 109 ), which connects Prenzlau with Berlin, runs through the district of Wandlitz from north to south , and from west to east the B 273 coming from Oranienburg and ending at federal motorway 11 . The motorway runs six kilometers east of the old village center to the north towards Stettin and south towards Berlin. The Heidekrautbahn , operated by the Niederbarnimer Eisenbahn , connects Wandlitz with Berlin and Groß Schönebeck .

The district is mistakenly associated with the Waldsiedlung Wandlitz , although this is in the Bernau district and has been the official Waldsiedlung district (Bernau near Berlin) since 2001 .


Geographical location

Wandlitz is located on the northwestern part of the Barnim plateau, the so-called Niederbarnim . The altitude above sea level decreases slightly from east to west. The highest point at 80.3 meters above sea level is next to Lanker Straße on the south-eastern border with Bernau in der Niederheide. At 48.3 meters above sea level, the area of Lake Rahmer on the western border is the lowest point of the town. The height of the town center near the village church (measuring point: junction of Langer Grund / Breitscheidstraße) is 53.8 meters, that of the intersection of Breitscheidstraße and Prenzlauer Chaussee is 58.1 meters above sea level.

Settlement structure

Overview of the district of Wandlitz with some streets and parts of the settlement

Today's Wandlitz consists of various settlement areas, including the oldest part around the village center of Wandlitz with the Protestant village church (the so-called Rundling), and areas around Prenzlauer Chaussee (first called Neu-Wandlitz) between the railway line and the fields the old village. A third area can be delimited south of the B 273, which is called Wensickendorfer Chaussee here. To the east of the railway line and on both sides of the Bernauer Chaussee is the Kehlheide area, which is officially divided into the areas of Nibelungensiedlung, Sieglindesiedlung and Glück on the south of the B 273.

The Wandlitzsee area, which was only fully developed at the end of the 19th century, can be divided into the area around Lanker Weg, the Drei Heilige Pfühle area - also known as the country house colony when it was established in 1908/1909 - and the central and northward section between the Wandlitzer See and around the Stolzenhagener Chaussee. With the steadily growing population of the district, further new settlement areas emerged in the 2000s, which above all allow the previous core areas to grow together, the domicile in Platanenstrasse should be named just like the villas on Töppersberg - on former agricultural land between Prenzlauer Chaussee and the historic village center.

Neighboring places

In the north, the village of Wandlitz borders on the district of Klosterfelde , which belongs to the municipality of Wandlitz , the district boundary runs partly south of the Klosterfelder Paradiessiedlung, and partly east of the Wandlitz Elbestraße. To the northeast, the border with the district of Lanke joins, which runs along the Wandlitz settlement edge on Arendseer Straße to the southeast. Including the waters of the Drei Heiligen Pfühle in the local area, the Wandlitz local border to the city of Bernau near Berlin turns along Lanker Straße to the southwest. The Liepnitzsee is not affected, the west bank of the lake belonging to Lanke belongs to Bernau.

The southern border to the Basdorf district stretches from Lanker Straße along the edge of the forest to the west, crosses the B 109 at the Dachsbaude and reaches the western municipality boundary north of the Zühlsdorf settlement of Fuchswinkel. Then it swings north to the Rahmer See, which belongs entirely to Wandlitz. The Briese River and the west bank of the Wandlitzer See form the further border to Stolzenhagen . On its north bank, the district boundary separates Wandlitz from the Stolzenhagen settlement of Stolzenfels, although the Gierwiese still belongs to Stolzenhagen. To the north of Stolzenhagener Chaussee, the border line reaches Wandlitzer Elbestrasse again, this time at its western end.

Natural space

Wandlitzer See
Watershed stone

With the Wandlitzer See and the Rahmer See two larger bodies of water belong to the district. There are also four smaller lakes with the Drei Heiligen Pfühlen and the Igelsee . In the vicinity of the village there is also the Stolzenhagener See , which belongs to Stolzenhagen, in the west, the Liepnitzsee , which belongs to Lanke, in the east and, next to this, the small Regenbogensee , also part of the Lanke district. These lakes belong to a late Ice Age meltwater channel. They are usually very clean and provide a good habitat for some rare fish species. For nature conservation reasons, the waters are closed to all motorized shipping. In contrast, there are numerous hiking trails in the area. An important institution has been established in Wandlitz with the Barnim nature park administration . The Wandlitzer See with the associated lido is the center of attraction and center of the district. In 2003/2004, it was previously owned by the city of Berlin and sold to a consulting company from Düsseldorf, which now charges fees for the use of the waterfront and a strip of shore.

A public park with gravel paths, benches, green spaces and the watershed stone is located between the beach restaurant, the lido, Prenzlauer Chaussee and the Zum dicken Kurt sales facility:

On the Barnim plateau and thus through the local area, the watershed runs between the Elbe and the Oder and thus between the North and Baltic Seas . It is located between the Wandlitzer See, whose water flows through the breeze into the Havel and then into the Elbe, and the Liepnitzsee, which drains via Obersee , Hellsee , Hellmühler Fließ and Finow into the Finow Canal and with it into the Oder. The municipal administration marked this border by setting up an artistically designed symbolic watershed stone in the park in front of the lido. A large boulder, interspersed with various mineral deposits, was given a small water channel onto which water drips from above. The system is balanced in such a way that the water flows' sometimes to one side and sometimes to the other. The design of the stone with a corresponding board was carried out by the Wandlitz artist Annelie Grund , the inauguration took place on October 13, 2007.

The local area of ​​Wandlitz is today characterized by urban sprawl , many new settlement areas in the 20th century were created in former forest areas. Only parts of the Kehlheide and the Hinterheide on the eastern and south-eastern outskirts along the Lanker Strasse remained unaffected. Further, mostly unwooded open spaces remained north of Elbestrasse, north and south of Lanker Weg and south and south-west of the old town center. The latter, around Gut Annenhof, are partly used for agriculture.


Earliest evidence of settlement

Finds of flint mills in the area of ​​the old village center of Wandlitz and on the banks of the Wandlitz lake prove the early presence of Mesolithic hunters, fishermen and collectors around 5000 to 3500 BC. At the end of this period, settlers of a fully developed Neolithic farming culture migrated from the Vistula and upper Oder region to the northeastern Uckermark region , but did not reach the Barnim region. Probably dispersed hunting societies continued to live here on the cultural and economic level of the late Mesolithic.

Großer Werder in Liepnitzsee near Wandlitz - seen from the west bank of the lake

From before 2000 BC Attempts to settle in the so-called funnel cup culture by Nordic farmer groups on the edges of the Barnim are proven by ceramic finds. There is said to have been a large stone grave of this culture near Wandlitz , which was destroyed by stone cutting about 150 years ago . Late evidence of the funnel cup culture was found in the form of flint axes in Schönwalde and Mühlenbeck . Subsequently, the battle ax people of the Indo-European cord ceramic culture settled around Wandlitz . Individual finds are known from this period, such as artfully crafted arrowheads as well as chisels and stone wedges found at Liepnitzsee and on the Werder , the island in the lake, which, in their concentration, indicate a settlement near Wandlitz. The next proven settlements of the cord ceramic culture are in Biesenthal and Berlin-Heiligensee , individual pieces come from Basdorf (Flinthacke), Stolzenhagen (rock hammer) and Klandorf ( battle ax ).

From around 1200 BC After the beginning of the late Bronze Age in Central Europe, the Barnim had a higher population density. From the south, people of the Lausitz culture , probably descendants of the Aunjetitz culture , settled in the Wandlitz area. During road construction earthworks in 1953 a Bronze Age burial ground with 21 burial sites of the Lausitz culture was found in the Mühlenfichten . It is unclear whether this culture was identical with the people of a Venetian - Illyrian language community, called Venedae by the Romans .

With the beginning of the subatlantic , the current period of the Holocene , it generally became a little cooler and more humid. This climatic change coincides with the beginning of the Hallstatt period around 700 BC. Together. On the Barnim there was a decline in settlement compared to the late Bronze Age. During this period, Wandlitz was on the border of the Jastorf culture , a development from the Nordic Bronze Age to the northeastern Göritz culture , a late offshoot of the Lusatian culture that was overlaid by immigrating Germanic tribes. While the Burgundians are later attested to on the Oder , the Suebian Semnones settled on the Barnim after the turn of the Christian era . A burial ground found near Klandorf and the associated settlement refer to them. The Semnonen migrated south from the 2nd to 3rd centuries, except for remnants that later mixed with the invading Slavic tribes.

Archaeologists have been able to reconstruct the long history of the settlement primarily from soil finds from settlement cores and burial grounds. Individual finds examined with the radio-carbon method and exhibited in the Agrarmuseum Wandlitz confirm the representation.

Slavic and German settlement

From the 6th century, Slavs settled in the Wandlitz area. They named one of their settlements Vandelice or Vandlice , which is attributed to the Polabian vądol and the ending -ica . The often-cited explanation that the place name means "people who live by the water" is unproven.

The first settlement is proven on the south bank of the Wandlitzer See. Slavic farmers, cattle breeders, fishermen and wild beekeepers built their houses as single-storey log huts out of wood. Spinning, weaving, pottery, blacksmithing and carving were part of their craft. The community, organized as a cluster of villages , was unfortified and formed a settlement chamber with neighboring settlements , which in turn formed a tribe . Investigations of the found cultural objects assign the early Slavic settlers to the tribe of the Rezanen ("people who live by the river"; from reka = river).

The development of the following centuries could not be fully clarified. What is certain, however, is that the Slavs were pushed back by invading German settlers from the end of the 12th century. During the rule of the Ascanians in the 12th century, farmers from the Elbe valleys settled in the area of ​​the Wandlitzer See. In their wake, existing monasteries formed further branches, here in particular the Cistercian monastery Lehnin. In the course of the medieval German settlement in the east, the farmers from the west of the Elbe built a round or square village away from the Uckermärkische Landstrasse , today's historic center around the Kirchberg.

The first documentary mention comes from the year 1242, with which the sale of the villages Vandelice, Bredewisch (no longer existent, is assumed south of the Liepnitzsee) and half of Stolzenhagen by the margraves Johann I and Otto III. to the Lehnin monastery: for "150 marks silver and three trains with the large network in the Wandlitzsee". In the following periods of time, the monks acquired further lands in the area such as Basdorf, Mühlenbeck with Summt and the village of Schildow. The lords of the Lehnin monastery owned large contiguous settlement areas around the Wandlitzer See.

Wandlitz village church

The foundation walls of the village church date from the founding time of the village of Wandlitz, which was rebuilt and expanded over the centuries from a late Romanesque building via an early Gothic church to a baroque church .

The possessions of the Lehnin monastery around Wandlitz were administered by the Nighenhof , a monastery estate (grangia) on the monastery mountain on the first of the three holy puddles . The Nighenhof was probably destroyed in 1432 when the Bohemian Hussites passed through .

Wandlitz remained in the possession of the monastery lords from Lehnin until 1542. As a result of the secularization , the place was administered as a state domain in the following centuries , initially by the electoral office in Mühlenbeck , later that of Liebenwalde . During the Thirty Years' War from 1618 to 1648, more than half of the residents of Wandlitz were killed or driven out. The population decreased from 192 in 1591 to 90 in 1652.

Settlement expansions in Prussian times

During the 18th and 19th centuries, economic and colonization measures led to new settlements of farmers, fishermen and traders. The separation from 1819 to 1849 led in 1819 to the relocation of the Lehnschulzengut from Bullenwinkel , the Wandlitz village center, to the newly allocated Feldmark von Basdorf. New farm buildings were built on the Annenhof in 1827, and a residential building in 1853. The construction of Prenzlauer Chaussee began in 1827, the first partial handover of which took place in 1829. Was on the road in 1828 compared to the Seekrug a Chausseehaus built as a toll station. From 1835 to 1836 the first massive school building was built, in which a church school started operations. The first communal school did not open until 1912; both directly in the village (today's Oranienburger Straße).

From the German Empire to the end of the Weimar Republic

From the 1880s the settlement was laid out along Prenzlauer Chaussee and called Neu-Wandlitz . Merchants, bakers, butchers, carpenters, locksmiths, blacksmiths and other craftsmen settled in the village. During this time of the start-up boom, the farmers profited from the upswing by selling plots of land to newly established settlement construction companies. - Other events of this time were the opening of a registry office in 1874, the establishment of a local health insurance fund in 1885 and the founding of the rifle club and the choir club in 1888. In 1889 and 1890 the main road in the village was expanded and the road to Bernau was rebuilt. Wandlitz also received the first telephone connection in 1890. On May 21, 1901, the Reinickendorf-Liebenwalde-Groß Schönebecker Eisenbahngesellschaft opened a new railway line here , which is still privately operated by the Niederbarnimer Eisenbahn AG, which was renamed in 1927 . The opening of this route replaced the previously existing stagecoach connection Berlin-Basdorf- Klosterfelde and thus led to a significant improvement in traffic. The railway, which the locals soon dubbed the “Heidekrautbahn” because of the landscape it crossed, brought the first recreation seekers from the city of Berlin to the area around Wandlitz or built here. The new district of Wandlitzsee was built on the north and east banks of the Wandlitz Lake and, as a result of an architecture competition in 1907/08, the country house colony on the Holy Pfühlen . A lake promenade has been laid out on the shores of the Wandlitzer See from the Seekrug restaurant to the Igelsee . The first buses and coaches drove to Wandlitz as early as 1908 . On the one hand, the development brought completely new work opportunities in the village, for example a workshop for the repair and sale of bicycles, motorcycles and automobiles was created , on the other hand, former farmers or day laborers took a job in the emerging Berlin industrial factories . The formerly peaceful farming and fishing village of Wandlitz gradually turned into an excursion destination that benefited from the proximity of the enormously expanding German capital and advanced to a suburb with commuter traffic in the outskirts of the capital.

War memorial in the village of Wandlitz, designed by Hermann Hosaeus in the early 1920s

During the First World War , Wandlitz men were called up for military service, their labor was lacking in the peasant households. The positive development of the place continued anyway. The construction files show that new residential buildings, workshops and leisure facilities were built during this period.

During the term of office of the mayor Karl Jünemann from 1910 to 1933, the expansion of the old village continued. Wandlitz received cobblestone streets , paved sidewalks, street lighting, the communal school, a fire station and a communal cemetery with a chapel. Every effort should make Wandlitz an official health resort . But that was not achieved, although the term “climatic health resort” was heavily advertised in brochures and on postcards.

The Seebad ( lido ) opened in 1923 directly on the lakeshore quickly became a crowd puller. Now the former Wandlitzsee demand stop of the railroad was expanded into a representative station by 1928. Both facilities, the train station and the lido, were created according to plans by the Berlin architect Wilhelm Wagner as an architectural unit in the New Objectivity style , which are now under monument protection.

The Wandlitzer recognized by the simultaneous increase in private another chance and built mostly on their private land petrol -Zapfstellen, within 15 years have the archival materials, for example, 14 such stations from. In the background there were also numerous mineral oil companies such as Olex (later British Petrol - BP), Rhenania-Ossag (later Shell), Deutsche Vertriebsgesellschaft für Russische Ölprodukte (DEROP), Benzolvertrieb Berlin GmbH, German-American Petroleum Company (DAPOL), Deutsche Gasolin AG , Naphta-Industrie und Tankanlagen AG ( NITAG , Berlin).

Other excursion restaurants, hotels and cafés shot up like mushrooms between 1900 and 1930 (see section Accommodation and culinary offers ).

Somewhat out of the way on the Rahmer See, an artists' colony was founded between 1920 and 1930 in which prominent contemporaries such as the actors Eugen Klöpfer and Rudolf Platte moved into a summer house. The transport connections to Berlin, Bernau and Oranienburg have been expanded to include regular bus and car routes. The pharmacy opposite the village church, which has existed since 1921, moved into a new building in 1927 on Bahnhofstrasse (today: Breitscheidstrasse). The post office on Prenzlauer Chaussee at the corner of Akazienstraße, built by the Reichspost in 1928, was also a new building . Finally, by 1931, the sports field with a sports hall was laid out on Oranienburger Chaussee. Many projects, such as the further expansion of the promenade on the Wandlitzer See, the establishment of a mud bath , the construction of a spa house with a park on the Igelsee and the construction of a large administration building, were no longer implemented after Karl Jünemann's term of office ended. After the National Socialists (NS) came to power in 1933, Jünemann was removed from his position as community leader.

The brisk construction activity promoted the settlement of smaller and larger construction companies such as two cement factories (Wiese & Co., Rudolf Wegener), numerous carpenters, locksmiths and haulage companies.

National Socialist period until the end of the Second World War

Administration, construction and economics

During the Nazi dictatorship in 1938, the municipal administration moved to the hotel complex owned by Fritz and Albert Rünger near the Wandlitzsee train station, which had been in existence since 1907 and was converted into the Gau's first Nazi community center. A home of the Hitler Youth moved into the newly built commercial wing . With the administration and the new political center of power, business life also shifted from the old village to the Wandlitzsee district. In 1936, Reich Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels had a country house built near Wandlitz, north-east of the village on Bogensee in the Bauernheide . He used it from 1943 both as an administrative and as a residence. During this time his children went to school in Wandlitz. During the preparations for the Second World War , two important war factories were built in neighboring towns, the ammunition factory of the Bergmann factory between Wandlitz and Bernau and the Bramo aircraft engine factory in Basdorf and Zühlsdorf. At the same time, the existing Wandlitz station was expanded to become a freight transshipment point. Suppliers such as the machine factory Schaddach and Co. (1943), Laue & Co. Metallwerke (1944) or the tank building company Joh. Heinrich Collignon KG (1943) settled in Wandlitz. In addition, at the beginning of the 1940s, numerous companies had already had the construction of emergency camps , alternative workshops , emergency shelters or splinter trenches approved as "war-related outsourcing". The owner of the Basdorfer Lichtspiele (Erich Bürger) even financed the construction of a public air raid shelter in Wandlitz (Stolzenhagener Straße and Prenzlauer Chaussee). With the growing number of inhabitants, other corresponding service providers established themselves, especially dealers and craftsmen. Small family businesses that have survived the various forms of government, such as the butcher's Wolff (founded in 1935), the train station pharmacy (today Lindenapotheke ) or the grocery store Zum dicken Kurt, deserve special mention here .

Use of prisoners of war and forced labor

All businesses, even the farmers and settlers, ultimately benefited from the forced labor and prisoner-of-war camps set up in Basdorf and later also in Wandlitz . Wandlitz had been appointed by the Reich Commissioner for Ukraine and the Reich Minister for Armaments and War Production to take on Ukrainian and other foreign forced laborers. From 1943, several barracks were built for administration and accommodation, including two on Oderstrasse and two on the open-air site in front of the Seekrug restaurant on Prenzlauer Chaussee. The camp inmates, who worked in factories or on farms during the day, were given free time in the evening and were able to earn pocket money or an additional meal from farmers or settlers until around 1942. The former Kur-Theater Wandlitz on Prenzlauer Chaussee was converted into a cinema for the population and also for foreign workers .

Acts of war in Wandlitz

The nearby aircraft production facilities of Oranienburg were targets of Allied air raids towards the end of the war . Wandlitz and the neighboring towns were in the flight lane and were therefore occasionally bombed, such as Wandlitz Bahnhofstrasse and Oranienburger Strasse on September 4, 1941. The heaviest bomb attack took place on the night of September 12th to 13th, 1944, targeting the Bramo production facilities. Six houses in the Glück settlement were destroyed and eleven people were killed, a Basdorf firefighter was killed while extinguishing the fire. Not all bombs hit the settlement areas, so it was reported by residents that a wounded aircraft dropped three bombs over the Liepnitz forest. One of the deep craters can still be seen today. The German Wehrmacht had dug trenches and built log cabins in this large contiguous wooded area for the so-called final battle , some of which can still be found.

Between 1944 and 1945, some officials, on behalf of the still functioning administration, made an initial list of war damage and submitted repair proposals, which were probably not implemented.


By far not all of the residents took part in the political development of the Third Reich . Courageous people like Anna Thies or Elisabeth Schmitz brought politically persecuted people like Ernst Thälmann into their homes, wrote leaflets or hid Jews to prevent their deportation .

End of the war in town

The war ended for Wandlitz with the invasion of the 1st Polish Infantry Division Tadeusz Koscinsky as well as parts of the Soviet 61st Army and the 7th Guards Cavalry Corps on April 21, 1945. The following night six houses in the village burned down, including the manor house built in 1853 Lehnschulzengut, which had been converted into an emigrant home under the name Annenhof . Its last owner, Consul Schröder, had the home renamed Emilienhof .

Post-war development and the time of the GDR

May 1945 to September 1949

The Soviet headquarters occupied the town hall and ordered the first clean-up work. Workers were recruited from among the existing residents, which meant that the immediate war damage could soon be repaired. According to orders 64 and 124 of the SMAD and an ordinance of the state of Brandenburg of September 6, 1945, expropriations also took place in Wandlitz between 1945 and 1947, which affected former active members of the NSDAP as well as wealthy farmers or factory owners and business people. In Wandlitz, 392  hectares of land were changed by the land reform in the ownership, but only a little more than half of it was arable land. The expropriated usable areas were given to new farmers . The regional agricultural structure in the Wandlitzer area was hardly changed.

Only slowly did the expansion of Wandlitz and the supply get going again. Around 1947 the administration of the village went to a newly elected German municipality board. The transshipment of goods at the Wandlitz train station, the manufacture of concrete and the manufacture of wood gained in importance. The provision of food and the supply of agricultural products turned out to be very problematic - machines and equipment were no longer available or could not be used due to a lack of fuel or material, and there was a lack of livestock and livestock, as well as seeds and plants. Women and older men had to keep the farms going because many men had died in the war or were in captivity. The food was rationed through the issue of food cards , which could only be abolished in 1958.

From October 1949 - reorientation of agriculture, education, recreation

After the founding of the German Democratic Republic (GDR) in 1949, the farmers set up a machine rental station (MAS) in order to be able to better maintain and utilize the existing machinery. Between 1952 and 1960, the Soviet-style administration enforced the merger of peasant farms into an agricultural production cooperative (LPG). Joining the “Frohe Zukunft” LPG was not always voluntary; the MAS - renamed the machine-tractor station - was incorporated into the LPG.

Increased investments have now been made in the field of education - in 1951, extensions were built in a simple architectural style at the former Goebbels country estate on Lake Bogensee , and the central FDJ youth college Wilhelm Pieck was built here. In 1956, a new school building for the secondary school on Prenzlauer Chaussee was inaugurated in Wandlitz. In 1960 this building received an extension for a separate elementary school, in which the children of the officials and employees of the nearby forest settlement could be educated. The Wandlitz community had the teacher's settlement built on Karl-Liebknecht-Strasse . These two-storey apartment blocks , which were ready to move into in 1962 and which are atypical of the location, are located in a quiet residential area, they were mainly given to teachers from the Wandlitz educational institutions and to deserving party members and employees of the forest settlement. Further building measures in GDR times included the establishment of a day care center in 1968, and from 1969 to 1972 the construction of a department store on the corner of Prenzlauer Chaussee and Thälmannstrasse (formerly Stolzenhagener Strasse) above the former air raid shelter and an apartment block on the sports field.

In 1958, the construction management for the forest settlement set up on Oranienburger Chaussee in the town center. The single-family type houses being built in the Hinterheide (also known as “shooting ranges” by locals) became the residence of the Politburo members of the GDR's state-supporting party, the Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED). The building land was located directly on the boundary of the municipality of Wandlitz, but belonged to Bernau by land register . Since the settlement was closer to Wandlitz, it was called Waldsiedlung Wandlitz , which helped the place to become known nationwide. The construction of a southern bypass road ( F  273) later turned out to be an advantage for the town , which from the beginning of the 1970s relieved the center of Wandlitz from through traffic and improved the connection to the motorway ( A 11 ). The eastern, four-lane section of the new concrete route up to the autobahn was considered a protocol route for the government of the GDR.

Since 1956 there was a guest house of the Council of Ministers in August-Bebel-Strasse directly in town, which served as an occasional residence for Pyotr Abrassimov , the Soviet ambassador to the GDR. After the forest settlement was completed, a second guest house of the Council of Ministers was opened in Ernst-Thälmann-Straße. Later, a training home for the Ministry of State Security and a few bungalows for its employees were built.

Economic development between 1970 and 1990

The economy picked up again in the 1970s and 1980s. The food production was intensified by the merger of the LPG with facilities from neighboring towns with a specialization in animal and plant production. The Wandlitzer cooperative belonged to both the LPG plant production Klosterfelde and the LPG animal production Neues Leben Stolzenhagen. The mechanization and introduction of the latest industrial technologies increased labor productivity and reduced manual labor. Businesses from other East German regions bought and built plots in the different settlement areas of the place, which were thus condensed. - Large industrial companies did not arise in Wandlitz, but numerous private craftsmen were able to provide their services. In order to supply “everyday goods”, as it was called in official GDR German, consumer and HO shops were established in the village center, Prenzlauer Chaussee and Wandlitzsee. Because the rail and bus connections to the big cities of Berlin and Bernau were working again, there was another slight economic upturn in Wandlitz. A trend towards the acquisition of parcels and the construction of weekend houses (bungalows) was unmistakable. The entire development can be summarized in that Wandlitz became both a refuge for Berliners and a popular holiday destination for people from all districts of the GDR.

Development after 1990

From department store to bank building
Dissolution of old structures and a new economic start

With the collapse of the GDR, the last HO grocery stores disappeared from the townscape, a travel agency moved into the premises in the old village center, and in the Wandlitzsee area it became a roofer's office . When new grocery stores opened in Wandlitz through the retail chains Edeka (at Wandlitzsee station) and Netto , the consumer organization also withdrew. Food consumption in the Wandlitzsee station area was given up, after a brief use as a shoe shop, two smaller restaurants finally moved into a sub-area, the other rooms are used by a temporary employment agency and a low-cost provider. The old village consumption set up in the house of the first pharmacy, went into private ownership and was dismantled into a residential building. The consumer specialty stores - the clothing store, a furniture store, and a homeware store - also closed. A bank expanded the department store into its branch, and the furniture store was used as a private retail outlet for electrical goods for a few years. Then the low-rise buildings were demolished, the area enlarged and an investor built the Prenzlauer Karree commercial unit at this point. Various non-food businesses then came here, such as a gift supplier and a stationery store. The household goods store was closed and the building stood empty for a few years. After the purchase by a private person, the sales rooms were converted into an inn. And when the post office on the corner of Akazienallee and the small branch in the Wandlitzsee area were closed, the owners of the gift shop took over the tasks of a post agency . The stately post office was sold and is used for residential purposes.

Construction boom

The people who wanted to get out of the narrow apartments and densely built-up neighborhoods of the big city bought land in Wandlitz or used the transfers for new residential buildings. The immense construction boom that has set in has been unbroken for years, with high earners and young families in particular moving here. An important element of this development is the improvement of the infrastructure: drinking water and sewage pipes were laid, numerous streets in the local areas were and are being renewed and in some cases paved for the first time. The range of services and supplies is constantly developing in line with demand.

From 2003 - Wandlitz municipality with problems

The forced incorporation of the former villages of Basdorf, Schönwalde, Schönerlinde, Stolzenhagen, Klosterfelde, Zerpenschleuse, Prenden and Lanke into Wandlitz led to the creation of the large municipality of Wandlitz on October 26, 2003 with around 21,000 inhabitants. This simplified the administration on the part of the Brandenburg state government, but the people from the current districts are still a long way away from really growing together. In the new municipality, around 70 percent of the population live in the districts of Wandlitz and Basdorf, all the others are remote and sprawled. There are problems with the grouping of school facilities, child care, the provision of municipal funds, to name just a few.

With the newly constructed service buildings (including the medical center and shopping center on Prenzlauer Chaussee / Thälmannstraße; town hall extension) and the older central area between the station building and the lido, the new center of Wandlitz has acquired a more urban character.


The name wall Elitz comes after reports of highly respected linguist Jürgen Udolph Although from the Slavic, or more precisely from the Polabischen and originally wrote accordingly Vądolica . According to Udolph's derivation, it refers to the basic word vądol , which means gorge or valley , and to the suffix - ica with reference to a location-dependent place name. Accordingly, Wandlitz then means either

  • the name of a first settlement in a valley or a ravine or
  • it is derived from the lake that was previously called Vądolsee , or valley lake .


year Residents
1652 about 50
1871 584
1875 654
1890 735
1905 822
1910 1052
1925 1267
1933 1857
1939 2482
1946 3151
1950 3210
year Residents
1964 3274
1971 3284
1981 3031
1985 2961
1989 3087
1990 2979
1991 2930
1992 3037
1993 3111
1994 3209
1995 3411
year Residents
1996 3553
1997 3810
1998 4120
1999 4303
2000 4547
2001 4649
2002 4731
2003 4789
2004 4904
2005 4993
2006 5224
year Residents
2007 5340
2008 5379
2009 5518
2010 5607
2011 5736
2012 5826
2013 5973
2014 6230

Territory of the respective year

In the first centuries of the existence of the village of Wandlitz, the number of inhabitants, which included farmers, Büdner , fishermen and possibly day laborers, never exceeded around 200. A first strong boost came from the beginning of industrialization and the expansion of the road network at the end of the 19th century as well as the beginning rural exodus of Berliners. Within 50 years, the population doubled to around 1200 people. After the end of the Second World War , the composition of the population changed, which is not reflected in the figures: large farmers and business people left the place, numerous male residents had died in the war. For this, some of the former forced laborers stayed in the village, and numerous refugees from the former German eastern regions found a new home here, often through forced admissions by the authorities.

In the GDR era, the population was relatively stable at around 3,000 registered people, and in the summer there were numerous owners of weekend properties who do not appear in the statistics. A peculiarity prevented the settlement of further families: The division of Germany and the construction of the Wall in 1961 meant that many owners living in West Berlin could not use their real estate, but neither wanted nor could sell it. The land was often leased to the local government after a few years and the lease was credited to the owners through special accounts. However, many areas were not used at all and overgrown. Only after the fall of the Wall , some previous owners were able to take over their properties again, but there were also many legal disputes.

After German reunification , the population increased significantly for a second time. Vacant areas have been and are being developed and built on with villas , while former recreational plots have become gardens with one or two-family houses. Wandlitz has almost doubled its population from the 1990s. It has become part of the new " bacon belt " around the German capital.


Local advisory board

Wandlitz local council
Party / group of voters Share of votes
Free community of Wandlitz 27.4 2
The left 18.9 2
CDU 16.8 1
SPD 12.2 1
Alliance 90 / The Greens 8.5 1
The independents 8.0 1
Election platform 2014 of the Wandlitz Citizens' Association 6.3 1

The local advisory board of the Wandlitz district consists of 9 people. The last local elections took place on May 25, 2014, and the local councils were also elected. The turnout was 53.4 percent.

The local advisory board has an advisory function for the local council of Wandlitz with regard to the decisions of the committee that affect the district of Wandlitz. Some of the representatives of the local council are also community representatives.


The first elected representatives of the residents who took care of the fortunes of the place were the Schulzen or Lehnschulzen, who performed this honorary office. Later the officials were called community leaders. During the Nazi era , they became the full-time mayors who existed until 2003. As a result of the merger of the nine former villages in the area to form the large community of Wandlitz, the name initially changed to local mayor , and from 2008 to local mayor . He acts as a mediator between the affairs of the district and the Wandlitz municipal administration and is also a member there. Ingo Musewald (Freie Bürgergemeinschaft Wandlitz) was re-elected in 2014 for a third term in this position. In 2018 the local council elected Oliver Borchert to succeed Musewald. With his election as mayor of the Wandlitz community in May 2019, the office now went to Peter Dudynka, also a member of the Wandlitz Free Citizens Association .

Coat of arms sign

The village of Wandlitz already had its own coat of arms in earlier centuries. In a tapering escutcheon was a ring made of silver fish in an inscribed triangle on the tip. Inside the symbolized village church was depicted on the back of a fish. Under the fish ring, an ear of three corn was drawn in the tip of the triangle on a green background. On the upper straight side of the triangle, the writing Wandlitz could be read in capital letters . The writing, the border of the escutcheon and the edge of the triangle were done in green.

Wandlitz coat of arms, 1990s

Until the merger of the former independent villages, Wandlitz used a more stylish coat of arms (see picture). The illustration refers to agriculture (ear of corn), fishing (fish in blue / white), the surrounding forests (oak leaf) and shows the stylized village church above the letter "W". It has not been used officially since then, but is used by local associations or shown on some buildings, such as the Wandlitzsee train station.

Local partnerships

All three partnerships were only concluded after the fall of the Wall, when they merged to form the greater municipality of Wandlitz, they were transferred to this area, i.e. also to the other districts of the municipality.

Public facilities

town hall

First and foremost, the town hall as the seat of the municipal administration is to be mentioned here, arising from a private building erected in 1908, which served as a hotel between 1920 and 1932. After the fall of the Wall , the side facing away from the street received an extension. A room facing Prenzlauer Chaussee was designed in an Art Nouveau style based on designs by Hinrich Baller and was given a separate staircase; it has served as a registry office ever since . Individual administrative areas such as the building authority or the library maintained by the community are housed in other buildings such as the Wandlitzsee station building. For a new town hall building next to the previous council building, an architectural competition was held in 2010, won by the office of Seidl & Lahn from Falkensee . Between 2010 and 2013, the municipal administration built a modern extension based on this design, which is connected to the old town hall with a passage on the first floor . Among other things, the community library moved to the ground floor of the new building.

Police and fire brigade

Building of the volunteer fire brigade in the old village center

The responsible police post is located in the neighboring town of Basdorf (Prenzlauer Straße 66).

When the village expanded intensively and more and more craftsmen moved in, the municipal administration called for the establishment of a volunteer fire brigade . 24 men from the village met on June 27, 1911 in the Goldener Löwe village pitcher and agreed to volunteer to extinguish the fire. A first hand pressure syringe was purchased, which was initially drawn by horses. It was only in the course of the decades that additional technology could be purchased and the scope of duties was extended from fire-fighting operations to road accident assistance, height rescue and even water rescue. In 2000 the fire brigade received an extension in the village of Wandlitz, which was added directly to the two listed buildings of the Wandlitz volunteer fire brigade. Three vehicles, including two fire engines with turntable ladders and one team transport vehicle, are available to the 25 active firefighters (as of 2011). A team transport vehicle that was decommissioned in 2011 was handed over by the comrades of the volunteer fire brigade to the Wandlitz twin town Trzebiatów, where it is brought back to technical speed. A 1985 founded Historikgruppe the fire preserved old equipment or historic clothes and presents both at various regional events.


A first village library developed at the beginning of the 20th century, which was operated under the responsibility of the parish. After the Second World War , the holdings could be relocated to a separate building in the Wandlitzsee area. In addition to the (free) rental option, there was a reading room here. The house was a converted barrack, which is said to have been built in the 1940s either for the Volkssturm or as the administration for the forced labor camp. This library was located on Prenzlauer Chaussee. After it was demolished in 1992, the municipal administration made another older building available in the area of ​​the Wandlitz freight yard. From 1995 the library moved back to Wandlitzsee and used rooms on the upper floor of the station building until 2013 (address Bahnhofsplatz 1); a total of around 200 m² of usable space was available. - Through the formation of the large community, the libraries in the other previously independent villages were amalgamated, and the reading and lending facilities of the citizens improved enormously. The acquisition of workstation computers, together with a digital lending system and connection to the Internet, were particularly significant. Four village libraries were retained as branches and also modernized. The library staff also organize readings or guided tours through the facility. The library currently has over 40,000 media, including books and brochures, image and sound carriers, newspapers and magazines. The number of annual loans is well over 20,000. With the expansion of the town hall in 2013, the library was given rooms for the first time that fully take their conditions into account and are barrier-free . The library work is financed by the municipal treasury; Smaller grants arise from paid use and late fees.

Childcare facilities in the district

The day care center (Kita) Pusteblume in the Wandlitzsee area (Thälmannstrasse 95/97 and 103), which is run by the AWO Bernau, is municipal responsibility . After the completion of the extension in the spring of 2011, the facility will offer space for 233 children in the crèche (up to three years old) and kindergarten (three to six years old) age groups. The care by state-approved educators and curative teachers takes place according to the "principles of elementary education" by addressing the entire sensory development of the children.

In the Wandlitzsee area there is a Montessori daycare center behind the Conradium, the multi-generation house.

The primary schools in the district run after-school care centers for the afternoon care of the younger children.

Additional offers for private childcare complete the Wandlitzer support for working parents.


First communal school from 1912 in the village center
New primary school under construction, summer 2009
First community schools in the 19th and 20th centuries

The first church community school was opened in Wandlitz (village) in 1835, and in the 1940s it served as accommodation for guest workers and later for refugees. The local board had another two-story school building built by 1912 in connection with the construction of the new main road through the village (after 1945 Breitscheidstrasse ). The building, which was fully restored in the 1990s, served other purposes after the end of the Second World War, so that in the Prenzlauer Chaussee settlement area next to the future town hall, a barrack built in the 1940s was converted to provide school lessons for the local students.

The historic communal school was rebuilt after 1990 and, together with a neighboring new building, serves as the center for the agricultural museum and for the administration of the Barnim Nature Park.

New school buildings on Prenzlauer Chaussee in 1953 and 2008

The foundation stone was laid on May 8, 1953 for the school building on Prenzlauer Chaussee, which housed a primary school and a grammar school . At the end of 1955, the first rooms could be occupied there, and the barracks that were first used were converted into the community library. After the gymnasium was completed in 1956 and the auditorium in 1957, work on the building complex was completed in 1961 with an extension to accommodate the children from the forest settlement.

The primary school in grades 1 to 6 had 15 classes with 361 students in 2008 (as of July 5, 2008). This corresponds to a class frequency of 24 students per class. 19 teachers were employed at the primary school. The grammar school, grades 7 to 13, had 579 students in eight classes in the same year, with a class frequency of 29 students per class, as well as in one course system . The 52 teachers at the grammar school led the high school graduates to a grade point average (scale 1 to 6) in German of 2.7 (national average: 2.6) and in mathematics of 3.8 (national average: 3.2).

In June 2008, the symbolic carried out the first sod for the new building in 2007 adopted an elementary school on Prenzlauer Chaussee. The architect Karl-Heinz Blechinger had designed a three-story building with two side wings and a monopitch roof. The new school is designed for 330 children who can be taught in 15 classrooms and 6 specialist cabinets. The construction costs were given at 5 million euros and were the largest investment by the municipality to date. The topping-out ceremony was celebrated on May 19, 2009 and in February 2010 pupils and teachers were able to move in. The new three-storey building is 60 meters long, has an accentuated central wing with atrium and two symmetrical side wings. It is barrier-free . On April 23, 2010 the headmistress, Marina Gläser, received the symbolic golden key from the hands of the mayor Udo Tiepelmann . The official inauguration of the new building took place on this open day . The former school buildings on the other side of Prenzlauer Chaussee have since been part of the Wandlitz high school.

Vocational school in the Nibelungen settlement and its multiple conversions

In addition to the two schools, there was the OSZ  I Barnim as an educational institution on Bernauer Chaussee , which included a technical school for social affairs and a vocational school for social professions, which arose from the former school and holiday property owned by DEWAG advertising. - In the summer of 2010, the Wandlitz location of the OSZ I Barnim was closed, since the 2010/2011 school year the social affairs department has been located at the main OSZ location in Bernau-Waldfrieden , Hans-Wittwer-Straße 7. This school is supported by the district of Barnim . The buildings on Bernauer Chaussee were empty until the end of 2012. Since January 2013, after some renovation work, they have been used as a home for asylum seekers for an initial 25 people. The district does not intend to fully use the capacity of 82 places, it wants to accommodate up to 50 people in the Wandlitz asylum seekers home.

Country school home

Another former educational institution is located at the Breitscheidstrasse / Langer Grund intersection - a country school home . Courses for school children were held here, especially during the holidays, to familiarize them with practical rural life. The house and the surrounding garden had to be given up in 2004 due to a lack of funds and were then sold to a private individual.


Wandlitz cemetery chapel

The communal cemetery is on Karl-Liebknecht-Straße. It was laid out in 1913 instead of the church garden around the village church and covers an area of ​​around 18,000 m². There is a cemetery chapel on the site, built around 1920 and renovated at the beginning of the 21st century. In addition to the graves for former Wandlitz citizens, there have been two honorary graves here since spring 2010 for Bruno Landau (1875-1965), who practiced as a country doctor in Wandlitz between 1901 and 1937 , and for Karl Schweitzer (* 1886 in Schönerlinde ; † 1942) and his wife Hedwig (1894–1983). Other personalities who worked for the common good in the course of history are buried here, for example Kurt Rothe ("Der fat Kurt"; 1906–1964) or the innkeeper family Schmidt ("Liepnitz-Schmidt"). ( 52 ° 44 ′ 48.6 ″  N , 13 ° 27 ′ 14.4 ″  E )

Culture and sights

Museum, cultural center, artist studios

  • One of the cultural highlights of the district is the Barnim Panorama , which emerged from the Agricultural Museum in Wandlitz-Dorf. The Wandlitz dairy owner Walter Blankenburg, who opened the first home parlor in the early 1950s, laid the foundation for the collection, which is now well-known beyond the Brandenburg borders . From this the agricultural museum developed , which was able to survive the turning point . In 2013, the facility received a completely new building in which the around 3,000 exhibits are presented in a modern and clear manner. The complex consisting of the museum and the Barnim nature center was created with the inclusion of the listed school building in the form of a historic four-sided courtyard . The district of Barnim, which owns the museum, has committed itself to ensuring that the museum will be kept until at least 2022 through operating grants.
  • In the past, Wandlitz did not have its own cultural center. The auditorium of the school built in the 1960s on Prenzlauer Chaussee was used for major events. Around the year 2000, the municipal administration finally decided to renovate and reuse the historic village inn, the Goldener Löwe restaurant . An operator was found for the listed building, who has been organizing a wide variety of cultural events in the middle of the old village since 2008. The building now operates as the Kulturbühne Wandlitz ; In addition to public events, it can also be used for private parties.
  • In the settlement areas of Kehlheide, Lanker Weg, Rahmer See and Wandlitzsee there are studios of glass and ceramic artists, which can be visited by appointment. Among them are well-known artists such as Jürgen Boberg and Jab Durieux (painting, photography; Thälmannstrasse 17), Otger Bultmann (painting, graphics, collages; Waldpromenade 13), Galerie Hollebusch / Annelie Grund (transparent pictures, objects; Lanker Weg 4), Peggy Wulff and Christina Muchow (ceramics, textile design; Richard-Wagner-Straße 5a) and Frauke Lohr's art workshop (An den Heidebergen 6). The ceramic and glass studios advertise their art salons with some outdoor works. At an annual open day in November, visitors have the opportunity to talk to the artists personally, to get to know the work or to buy artistic products.

music and dance

The Jubilate choir has existed in the Wandlitz district since 1999 . V. , the Original Wandlitzer Musikanten e. V. , a children's choir founded in January 2009 (in which children between five and 10 years participate and which meets regularly in the parish hall of the Evangelical village church in Wandlitz ) and the shanty choir . All of them appear regularly at cultural events outside of the community. Lay singers founded the shanty choir on April 10, 2014 for the joy of singing maritime songs. Also worth mentioning are the only German belly dancer Sven Kienlein (see personalities who live in the town or are connected to him ) and the young talent Nicola Kripylo (1997), who won first place in the pop music competition at the 2010 national youth music competition could prove. She has been studying musical / show at the Udk Berlin since October 2016 . Nicola was able to gain first international experience as a participant in the Children's Grand Prix 'Golden Snowflake' in Montenegro, and the first sound recordings have already been made with her. The Wandlitz dance club completes the possibilities of this genre.

Fishing fountain


On July 1, 2000, the fishing fountain by Berlin artist Michael Klein was inaugurated in front of the beach restaurant on Wandlitzer See . The sculptures and the fountain basin were redesigned in spring 2014 by an art foundry from Altlandsberg near Berlin because the artist had published a call for help - everything was unsightly due to calcification and no longer fully functional. A maintenance contract with this metal workshop ensures that such work has taken place regularly since then.

The watershed stone erected in the park at the Wandlitzer See in 2007 can also be referred to as a fountain in the broader sense , see section Natural space .

More art

Between 1975 and spring 2008, the bronze statue of The Farmer's Wife stood in front of the Wandlitz Agricultural Museum . This sculpture, created by Walter Arnold in the 1960s, is on permanent loan from the Berlin National Gallery . It has been in storage since 2008 and should be shown again when the new museum building is completed.

In the parking lot in front of the El Gaucho restaurant , an abstract pair of figures carved out of tree trunks welcomes visitors to Wandlitz.

There has been a wooden dolphin in the foyer of the town hall since the beginning of 2007, which was made by Hans-Dieter Deja . A concrete relief depicting everyday life in the 1970s is located at the entrance to the grammar school on Prenzlauer Chaussee. The flat building in front was designed by students with a large facade painting on the theme of pace (peace).


In the Wandlitzsee district, a beauty salon uses an individually designed buddy bear to draw attention to its services. The management of the Hotel Seeterrassen also had a buddy bear set up on the street.

In 2015 or the beginning of 2016, oversized wooden chairs were placed on the stumps of felled trees on Breitscheidstrasse, roughly opposite the confluence of the Lange Grund. A reference to the artist can be found on the Internet: Uwe Handrick, who moved to Wandlitz in 2007 and expanded an art courtyard there.


The foundations of the Protestant (village) church in Wandlitz date from the time the first village was built in the 13th century. The simple building in the late Romanesque style was constantly changed in the following centuries. The now existing listed church building is to be assigned to the early baroque . The church bell was given a separate location in the churchyard. At the beginning of the 21st century, renovation work was carried out on the wooden supporting structure of the main church building and inside the church.

Catholic Church of St. Konrad with rectory

The Catholic Church of St. Konrad is located in the Wandlitzsee district, it was built between 1936 and 1937 under the master builder Carl Kühn . At the inauguration the church had two bronze bells, of which the larger one had to be delivered towards the end of the Second World War for the production of military equipment. In 1972 the interior design was simplified, and between 1996 and 2007 several modifications and additions were made. Anonymous donors made it possible to pour a second bell, to install a loudspeaker system and an electrical bell system in 2007.


  • There are numerous architectural, soil and natural monuments in the various settlement areas of Wandlitz. The total of 13 sites of archaeological monuments, including the remains of settlements from the Stone Age to the Bronze Age, the German Middle Ages and the modern era, are included in the list of monuments of the State of Brandenburg, divided into corridor areas.
  • In addition to the two churches described above, there is a war memorial for the fallen in World War I (see picture above) in the old town center (the stele received an additional brass plaque in 1994, which also commemorates the fallen in World War II .) And a memorial stone on a traffic island in Village for Karl Jünemann , the deserving community leader, one of the noteworthy monuments. The stone was erected in the 1960s - in connection with the naming of Jünemannplatz. In 1993, the Wandlitz history workshop organized a memorial plaque on the large boulder. There are no other memorials for people.
Wandlitzsee station complex
Particularly noteworthy as a monument is the historic Wandlitzsee train station , built between 1923 and 1927 in the functional Bauhaus style according to plans by the Berlin architect Wilhelm Wagner . After many years of intensive use, both the actual station building and the associated buildings such as the Strandbad Wandlitzsee were rebuilt and renewed several times after 1990 and gradually returned to their original uses.

→ Overview: List of architectural monuments in Wandlitz

Old churchyard with the peace oak in the background
  • In 1871 the residents planted a peace oak near the church area , marking the end of the Franco-Prussian War . This tree has developed splendidly in the more than 100 years and is now a nature reserve .

→ Overview: List of natural monuments in Wandlitz

Sports, leisure and clubs (selection)

  • With the development of the town of Wandlitz into a much-visited resort, several leisure options arose early on; The Wandlitzer Schützengesellschaft was re-established in 1888 e. V. and a fishing club, the soccer club 1. FC Eintracht Wandlitz (since the 1990s 1. FV Eintracht Wandlitz ), a bowling club and the Wandlitzer Segel-Club e. V. originated. The latter association has had its administrative headquarters in Panketal for a number of years , but berth and boat shed on the Wandlitzer See. In a spectacular action on October 15, 2006, the boat shed was placed on a new foundation a few meters closer to the lake, as can be seen in a private video. Since 2006, the sailing club on the Wandlitzer See has been organizing the Wandlitzer Seglertreffen , at which all registered boats organize a race after a show at the opening of the annual lido festival. Members of this sailing club have already successfully participated in national and international regattas. The sailors Robert Zank and Benjamin Schock as well as Ronald Zank and his father Ralf Zank have occupied top places in the Topcat Euros and Worlds since 2008 . In 2010 Ralf and Ronald Zank won gold at the European Championships in the catamaran class K2. The club also uses Optimist dinghies and 29er dinghies for children as well as the Ixylon boat class .
  • In 2008 the handball section established itself in Wandlitz, the HVE Wandlitz was created , which is now operating successfully in Brandenburg.
  • After the fall of the Wall , more associations and clubs were created, the visitor information booklet for 2020/21 lists 38 associations in the Wandlitz district. These include a riding club, a hunting association, the Wandlitz history workshop , and two clubs that make a name for themselves in swimming at Lake Wandlitz ( Illvera 1929 and Neptun 1997 ). The Wandlitz cycling club, which was active in the late 1990s under the guidance of former world cycling champion Jürgen Geschke , was dissolved. There is also a volleyball club, a table tennis club, and since March 1998 a boules club, the Wandlitzer Felix Graf von Luckner Marine Historik Sport Club 2001 e. V. In 2014, the official gazette for the municipality of Wandlitz also provided information about a karate club: Kimura Karatekas , whose members were able to achieve top places in various groups and sub-classes at the German championships.

Many of the institutions mentioned organize regular events, also for non-club members. Also of importance are the Barnim Nature Park Association , the AWO Wandlitz (organizes hikes, discussions, festivals and other events), and the Wandlitz-Barnimer Land Ladies Lions Club founded in 2006 ; The main activities of this non-profit organization are derived from the Lions Club movement, which has been active around the world for almost 100 years .

In 2010 the WandlitzErneuerbar association started its activities. It pursues the main goals of promoting the use of renewable energies while reducing fossil fuels and significantly reducing energy consumption, especially geared towards sustainability .

Less well known is the Freischützen Wandlitz association , which was founded in 2012. In 2017 it has 30 members and it competes at festive events and sports comparisons, such as the night shooting of the Bernau rifle comrades.

In connection with the completion of the new agricultural museum , the Naturpark Barnim eV tourism association, founded in 1990, moved into the Wandlitzsee station building ( Bahnhofsplatz 2 ).

Regular events (selection)

The following different and mostly well-attended events have established themselves here over the decades:

  • Music in the museum ,
  • the museum festival ,
  • the lido festival mentioned above since 1999,
  • April 30/1. May: Spring festival on the sports field in the village of Wandlitz; Organizer: AWO local association Wandlitz, with cake bazaar and samovar afternoon
  • Summer Festival for Wandlitzer seniors in Anglerheim On the bow Heide :; Organizer: AWO local association Wandlitz
  • Members of the Wandlitzer history workshop lead regular local walks for those interested.
  • The Goldener Löwe cultural center in the historic town center organizes readings, discussions, dance evenings, etc.
  • On June 21, 2008, the Wandlitz Open started in the neighboring district of Basdorf as a further sport and play offer in the community, which is to be held annually in the future and includes all districts of the greater Wandlitz community. Young people from Basdorf, Wandlitz, Schönwalde, Klosterfelde and Eberswalde already took part in the premiere event.
  • The (first) Wandlitzer autumn lights started in October 2015 . This two-day event (October 23 and 24) was dominated by artistically designed light installations in various buildings or locations in the district. The main location was the Wandlitzsee station ensemble , the façades of which were staged by lighting design students from the Faculty of Design ( Architectural Lighting Design ) at the University of Wismar . In addition, a multimedia show, light and sound installations around the Barnim Panorama and a lantern parade along the Langer Grund street, in which the illuminated autumn trees set a colorful accent, took place on both days in the lido on a large water screen.
    In 2017, the autumn glow is entitled Aqua Lumina - The Night of a Thousand Lights . As the highlight one is the facade of the Barnim Panorama 3D - video projected that the Wandlitzer lake shows from dusk to awakening new day with details of flora and fauna of the water.

Economy and Infrastructure

Hotel lakeside terraces with a buddy bear in front of the entrance

Established businesses

Car dealerships, craft businesses and food discounters are now established as an economic factor in the Wandlitz district. Of the earlier institutions, only a few companies have survived in the “new era”. The traditional Auto-Franke company , which emerged from the first vehicle workshop in 1920, should be mentioned here. In 2013, the long-established family company Rothe, which became known as Der dicke Kurt in the 1940s, closed. The bustling grocer Kurt Rothe had already delighted the first people in search of relaxation with special offers; in the GDR era he ran his business as a delicatessen . After reunification he was able to expand structurally and worked in merchandising for Edeka until it was closed . The facilities that have been preserved also include the Linden pharmacy (moving from the village to a new building on Prenzlauer Chaussee), the Sibylle Franke bakery, which also still sells its baked goods at the old location, the Wolff butcher and the craftsman electrical systems Hartmuth Kufeld and Brunnenbau Struntz .

In 2004, 499 businesses were registered in the Wandlitz district of the Wandlitz community. By 2008 the number had risen to 619 businesses.

Accommodation and culinary offers

Restaurant Seekrug 2004, before renovation and renaming

In the district of Wandlitz there are still two historic inns from the 19th century and others from the beginning of the 20th century: the Golden Lion in the old village center, the former Seekrug (since March 2006: El Gaucho ) on the B 109 in the Wandlitzsee area and the Hotel-Restaurant Seeterrassen . In the old village center of Wandlitz, a poultry farmer's farm developed over several stages from a Lehnschulzenhof, and from the 1970s a new party rest home was built on the site . Now private individuals operate the SeeparkKurhotel there .

A large number of new facilities have been created since the fall of the Wall through the conversion or expansion of existing buildings and new buildings.

In 2011 there were more than 20 different restaurants in the directory, with German regional cuisine predominating. There are also Italian, Greek and Argentine offers. In addition to hotels, some residents have also opened holiday homes and guest houses.


Relic of the former stagecoach station

Up until the end of the 19th century, Wandlitz was a through town with an unwinding station for stagecoaches (recognizable by the exposed brick house "Ausspannung" at the former Seekrug inn ). The stagecoach connection existed between Berlin, Basdorf and Klosterfelde. A post milestone at the entrance to the Wandlitzsee district still tells of this time.

Historic post mile column in Wandlitz

There was also a Chausseehaus on Prenzlauer Chaussee between 1828 and 2002 (opposite the Seekrug restaurant ), which was used to collect tolls . The through-roads were paved at the end of the 19th century, and Prenzlauer Chaussee, which was expanded a little later, was given a paved stone made of natural stone . With the huge increase in motor traffic after 1990, it was necessary to create a quieter road surface. In 2004, Prenzlauer Chaussee in the Wandlitzsee settlement area received an asphalt surface throughout .

In 1901 the Reinickendorf - Rosenthal - Groß Schönebeck / Liebenwalde railway, the " Heidekrautbahn ", was ceremoniously opened. Since the village of Wandlitz had already grown through some new settlement areas around Bernauer Chaussee and around the three holy puddles , it initially got a Wandlitzsee stop next to the Wandlitz train station . This stopping point became a regularly served station through the construction of the station ensemble in the 1920s. With the Heidekrautbahn there has since been a direct connection south to Berlin, first to Berlin-Wilhelmsruh train station (formerly: Reinickendorf-Rosenthal), later Berlin-Blankenfelde and, since 1991, Berlin-Karow . In a northerly direction the route leads to Groß Schönebeck on the edge of the Schorfheide . The owner and operator of the line is Niederbarnimer Eisenbahn AG.

Starting in 1908, a bus line brought Berliners from the Szczecin train station there to the Wandlitz health resort. After the Second World War, from 1950 to 1992 there was a so-called omnibus excursion line ("triangle line") between Alexanderplatz (from 1953 Berlin-Weißensee ) and the district of Wandlitzsee, which was maintained by the Berlin transport company .

Wandlitz can be reached from Bernau with Barnimer Busgesellschaft mbH, and a school bus also runs during the week.

The place Wandlitz is on the federal road 273 and on the state road L 100. The B 273 has been passing the old town center since the early 1970s, when the road connection to the forest settlement took place. At the end of the 20th century, the state of Brandenburg, in coordination with the municipality, had the intersection of these two streets redesigned as a roundabout. To promote electromobility , the municipality had a charging station installed in the Wandlitzsee district not far from the town hall.

More and more people are now riding their bikes , be it for local errands or as a recreational sport. That is why the municipality of Wandlitz has been gradually expanding the cycle paths in and between the districts since the early 2000s. In the early summer of 2017, for example, a new 2.5 km stretch from Lanke to Ützdorf was inaugurated. The connections to the Basdorf and Klosterfelde districts were completed in 2014.

Personalities who live (d) live in the place or are connected to it (selection)

Memorial stone for Karl Jünemann on the square of the same name in the old village center
  • Dorit Bachmann (1968–2015), painter
  • Lennart Czyborra (* 1999), soccer player who has lived with his family in the Wandlitz district since 2002. Started in the 1. FV Eintracht Wandlitz and since 2007 rose first nationally, soon also internationally in the well-known clubs.
  • Jürgen Geschke (* 1943), racing cyclist and world champion, bought a piece of land in Fliederstrasse in 1982 and built his own home on it; ran a special bicycle shop on Prenzlauer Chaussee until the beginning of the 21st century
  • Michael Hansen (* 1940), pop singer and music producer, has lived in Wandlitz since 1973
  • Karl Jünemann (1881–1945), community leader in Wandlitz from 1910 to 1935, who made significant contributions to the upswing of the place and was deposed under National Socialism ; A place in the village is named after him and a granite memorial stone honors him
  • Ralf Lindermann (* 1960), actor, has lived with his family in Wandlitz since 1998, known from the TV series Our Charly
  • Nikola Kripylo (* 1997), actress and musical singer, trained at the Berlin University of the Arts
  • Antje Muth, entrepreneur; has been publishing the fibz family magazine since 2008 . The Brandenburg state government honored her on May 20, 2011 as an entrepreneur of the state of Brandenburg 2011 .
  • Claudia Schmid-Rathjen (* 1958), has lived in Wandlitz since 1994 and founded the Wandlitz history workshop ; Until 2003 she was a member of the committee for youth, culture and sport of the local council, 2003 member of the local advisory board Wandlitz, 2004 member of the committee for youth, education, daycare and sport ,
    since 2011 head of the cultural office, participation in the working group ViWa - Visions for Wandlitz and on the board of the tourism association Naturpark Barnim e. V.
  • Gerhard Schürer (1921–2010), Chairman of the State Planning Commission of the GDR, owned a weekend house in August-Bebel-Strasse from 1965
  • Vladimir Suchomlinow (1848–1926), Russian Minister of War, stayed in Wandlitz from 1923 to 1924 in the Polster house (Prenzlauer Chaussee 205) after a stay in prison , where he completed his memories .
  • Peter Supf (1886–1961), writer, owned a residential property at 22 Gürgenstrasse and was expropriated in 1946.
  • Ernst Thälmann (1886–1944), chairman of the KPD , stayed between 1930 and 1932 in today's Karl-Marx-Strasse with the innkeeper Anna Thiess, who ran a KPD inn used as a club bar in Berlin . From 1982 to 1984 the Wandlitz community had this building converted into a Thälmann memorial . After 1990 the property went back to private ownership and the memorial was closed.
  • Benjamin Tomkins (* 1965), comedian , ventriloquist
  • Herbert Willner (1926–2017), former GDR spy
  • Ursula Winnington (* 1928), cookbook author, has owned a property on the Rahmer See lake since the 1960s.


  • Horst Schumann: History & Stories from Wandlitz , Horst Schumann Barnimer Bürgerverlag, 2017, ISBN 978-3-00-054760-7 .
  • Wandlitz. Citizen and visitor information 2011/2012.
  • Claudia Schmid-Rathjen: Dietgard Meyer: "Elisabeth Pusto" in Wandlitz - on the trail of Elisabeth Schmitz. In: New magazine for Hanau history . Hanau 2008, pp. 223-258.
  • Claudia Schmid-Rathjen, Bodo Thöns: Wandlitz. Sutton, Erfurt 2005, ISBN 3-89702-849-2 .
  • Wandlitzer extra sheet . Edition August / September 2001.
  • Bernhard Thieme, Marita and Uwe Friedrich: Wandlitz . be.bra-Verlag, Berlin 2000, ISBN 3-930863-79-0 .
  • Volkmar Gäbler: hiking guide Wandlitzsee - Liepnitzsee. 1st edition, Tourist-Verlag, Kümmerly-Frey, both Berlin 1993/94, ISBN 3-350-00836-4 .
  • Walter Blankenburg, Christine Papendieck: Little Wandlitzer story . Wandlitz Agricultural Museum, 1990.

Web links

Commons : Wandlitz (district)  - collection of images, videos and audio files
  • Wandlitz on the website of the municipality of Wandlitz

Individual evidence

  1. History workshop Wandlitz (ed.): Country house colony on the three Holy Peeling 1908 Wandlitzsee. 2008.
  2. Birgitt Eltzel: City and municipality swap areas. In: Berliner Zeitung , January 6, 1999.
  3. Details on the watershed stone. on www.kulturland-brandenburg; accessed January 18, 2016.
  4. a b c d e Development of the Barnim's cultural landscape at www.barnim-naturpark.de. Retrieved May 25, 2019 .
  5. Reinhard Schmoeckel : The Indo-Europeans - Awakening from Prehistory. Bastei Lübbe, 1999, ISBN 3-404-64162-0 , p. 404
  6. a b Walter Blankenburg, Christine Papendieck: Small Wandlitzer story. Agrarmuseum Wandlitz, 1990, p. 26
  7. ^ A b c Walter Blankenburg, Christine Papendieck: Small Wandlitzer story. Agrarmuseum Wandlitz 1990, p. 5/6
  8. Flyer country house colony . Wandlitzer history workshop
  9. ^ Walter Blankenburg, Christine Papendieck: Small Wandlitzer story. Agricultural Museum Wandlitz, 1990, p. 9
  10. ^ Walter Blankenburg, Christine Papendieck: Small Wandlitzer story. Agrarmuseum Wandlitz, 1990, pp. 12-14
  11. Kreisarchiv Barnim, KI Wandlitz 7431, 6898, 7614, 7675, 7676, 7677, 7797, 7810, 11928, 11958, 12061, 12174, 12176
  12. Kreisarchiv Barnim, KI Wandlitz 7050, 7772, 7807, 7931, 7932, 11987, 12061
  13. Page no longer available , search in web archives: Website about Wandlitz and its history accessed January 16, 2010.@1@ 2Template: Dead Link / www.barnim.de
  14. ^ Barnim district archive, KI Wandlitz 7004
  15. District Archives Barnim, KI Wandlitz 12112
  16. ^ A b Walter Blankenburg, Christine Papendieck: Kleine Wandlitzer Geschichte , Agrarmuseum Wandlitz, 1990, p. 18.
  17. Kreisarchiv Barnim, KI Wandlitz 6904, 8103, 8135
  18. District Archives Barnim, Wandlitz KI 7807
  19. Kreisarchiv Barnim, KI Wandlitz 12191, 7941, 7995, 7998
  20. District Archives Barnim, KI Wandlitz 12164
  21. ^ Barnim district archive, KI Wandlitz 7614
  22. ^ Barnim district archive, KI Wandlitz 7808
  23. Reports of several residents who were "helped" by the forced laborers.
  24. ^ Barnim district archive, KI Wandlitz 11992
  25. District Archives Barnim, KI Wandlitz 12213
  26. ^ Walter Blankenburg, Christine Papendieck: Small Wandlitzer story. Agricultural Museum Wandlitz, 1990, p. 21
  27. a b Wandlitz in the course of time: From agriculture to local recreation. Agricultural Museum Wandlitz, 2008, p. 3.
  28. ^ Wandlitz in the train of time: From agriculture to local recreation . Agricultural Museum Wandlitz, 2008, p. 6
  29. Kreisarchiv Barnim, KI Wandlitz 12218, 12220, 12224
  30. District Archives Barnim, KI Wandlitz 12221
  31. ^ Barnim district archive, KI Wandlitz 7689
  32. ^ Barnim district archive, KI Wandlitz 7282
  33. a b Walter Blankenburg, Christine Papendieck: Small Wandlitzer story. Agricultural Museum Wandlitz, 1990, p. 24
  34. ^ Barnim district archive, KI Wandlitz 7635
  35. ^ Barnim district archive, KI Wandlitz 7032
  36. ^ Barnim district archive, KI Wandlitz 8076
  37. ^ Barnim district archive, KI Wandlitz 8145, 6964
  38. Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 2003 StBA
  39. Schumann: History & Stories, ... , facsimile of the report by Prof. Dr. Jürgen Udolph, pp. 20/21.
  40. Historical municipality register of the state of Brandenburg 1875 to 2005. District Barnim . Pp. 18-21
  41. ^ Population statistics for the municipality of Wandlitz
  42. ^ Walter Blankenburg, Christine Papendieck: Small Wandlitzer story. Wandlitz Agricultural Museum, 1990.
  43. ^ Population statistics for the municipality of Wandlitz ; Year 2013; accessed on January 18, 2016.
  44. ^ Result of the municipal election in the municipality of Wandlitz 2014 for the local advisory board in Wandlitz , accessed on August 10, 2014.
  45. Official Gazette for the community of Wandlitz , No. 1/2019, p. 37: News from the districts .
  46. Overview of the Wandlitz Local Advisory Board, as of March 4, 2020 , accessed on March 4, 2020.
  47. The earlier Wandlitzer coat of arms is shown in the booklet Kleine Wandlitzer Geschichte , (Walter Blankenburg, Christine Papandieck, ed. Agrarmuseum Wandlitz, October 1990); P. 20, in connection with a poster How do I go to Wandlitzsee?
  48. ^ Official journal of the municipality. (PDF; 3.3 MB) June 25, 2011, p. 20.
  49. 100 years of the Wandlitz volunteer fire department. Big anniversary celebration on September 17th, 2011 . In: Official Gazette for the municipality of Wandlitz , No. 8/2011, p. 21.
  50. a b Fabian Sauer: Crew Transporter In: Märkische Oderzeitung , 7 August 2011.
  51. a b c Oliver Köhler: When books become a passion . In: Märkische Oderzeitung , July 15, 2011.
  52. Memories of several contemporary witnesses
  53. ↑ Visiting card for the Wandlitz library with an overview of events
  54. ^ Directory of the four branches of the Wandlitzer library
  55. ↑ A huge rush for a new daycare center. Stars in the dandelion ( Memento from March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive )
  56. ^ Homepage of the Pusteblume day care center ( Memento from August 29, 2009 in the Internet Archive )
  57. ^ Gymnasium Wandlitz, History ( Memento from September 27, 2013 in the Internet Archive )
  58. ^ Wandlitzer schools in facts. In: Heather Journal. Citizens' journal for the places in the community of Wandlitz. Year 2008, issue 19, p. 4.
  59. ^ Starting shot for the new Wandlitzer primary school. P. 9. In: Official Gazette for the municipality of Wandlitz. July 26, 2008
  60. Topping-out wreath for Wandlitzer elementary school. In: Official Journal for the municipality of Wandlitz. June 27, 2009, p. 9.
  61. This is the best I've seen so far. The inauguration ceremony and the open day in the new elementary school attracted many visitors. In: Official Journal for the municipality of Wandlitz. Issue No. 4/2010 of May 8, 2010.
  62. Information on the asylum seekers home (PDF; 21 kB), accessed on January 17, 2013.
  63. Sabine Rakitin: District Administrator Ihrke: "A moral obligation". Interview with District Administrator Bodo Ihrke (SPD). Märkische Oderzeitung (www.moz.de), November 9, 2012, accessed on January 17, 2013 .
  64. Minutes of the meeting of the finance committee in the Barnim district council in March 2004.
  65. ^ Wandlitz. Information 2010/2012; 11 questions for the year , p. 19.
  66. Website with reference to the Golden Lion
  67. Five years of Shanty Chor Wandlitz and “When I'm happy, I have to sing” . In: Official Journal for the Municipality of Wandlitz , No. 2/19, March 2019, p. 45 and p. 47.
  68. With 13 years of star career . In: Wandlitz Information 2011/2012 . Pp. 20/22
  69. Official Gazette of the Wandlitz community of May 31, 2014, page 34: In new splendor: the fishing fountain on the Wandlitzer See restored. Municipal administration signs maintenance contract with art foundry for annual maintenance .
  70. Oral information from the museum director from summer 2008; not seen in a public square in 2015.
  71. About me . Artistic work by Uwe Handrick , accessed on Nov. 12, 2016.
  72. Land Brandenburg Monument List ( Memento of the original from April 9, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 259 kB) p. 9; Monument numbers 40703–40714 and 40696, 40769 @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / preview.bldam-brandenburg.de
  73. Time-lapse representation of the implementation of the boat shed 2006. my-video, duration 5:48 min; Retrieved January 19, 2010
  74. Sailing regatta at the lido festival. 2nd Wandlitzer sailing meeting on June 30th . In: Official Gazette for the municipality of Wandlitz , June 23, 2007
  75. http://www.wandlitzer-segelclub.de/
  76. ^ Wandlitz. Citizen and visitor information 2020/2021; 22nd edition, pp. 59f.
  77. Homepage Bouleclub Wandlitz
  78. 3 × gold, 3 × silver and 6 × bronze . In: Official Journal for the Municipality of Wandlitz No. 11/2014, p. 40.
  79. ^ Lions Club Wandlitz-Barnimer Land celebrated jazz brunch for the 1st anniversary . In: Official Gazette for the municipality of Wandlitz , June 23, 2007.
  80. Homepage of the WandlitzErneuerbar association. ( Memento of September 25, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Retrieved June 9, 2010.
  81. a b c d News from the districts . In: Official Journal of the Municipality of Wandlitz , No. 5/2017, May 27, 2017, p. 25ff.
  82. Home: BARNIM PANORAMA - start. In: barnim-panorama.de. November 15, 2018. Retrieved November 29, 2018 .
  83. Homepage of the cultural center , accessed on June 9, 2010.
  84. News from the youth coordination - "Wandlitz Open", premiere for the sports and games event for the whole community In: Official Gazette for the Wandlitz community. July 26, 2008, p. 14.
  85. ↑ Put in a new light: Wandlitzsee station . In: Official Gazette for the municipality of Wandlitz , July 18, 2015, p. 17.
  86. Wonderful water worlds. 3-D video mapping at the Wandlitzer autumn lights 2017. In: Official Gazette of the Wandlitz community, No. 5/2017, May 27, 2017, p. 14.
  87. Data and facts - trade statistics: municipality. In: Municipality of Wandlitz: Annual Report 2008. p. 26.
  88. Buchholzer Bürgererverein e. V. (Ed.): Tram history (s). Trams to Buchholz . Verlag GVE, Berlin 1999, ISBN 3-89218-064-4 , p. 74-76 .
  89. Charging station for electric cars and pilot route for LED lighting (p. 8) and the new Lanke - Ützdorf cycle path inaugurated (p. 9); Official Journal, May 27, 2017 edition.
  90. Dorit Bachmann on orangerie-kreativ.de ( Memento from January 24, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
  91. Wandlitz compact : Career to star kicker . P. 19f.
  92. ^ Barnim district archive, KI Wandlitz 7345.
  93. "Our Charly": Cult series with a star from Wandlitz. In: Wandlitz Citizen and Visitor Information. 10th edition. 2008/2009, pp. 34-38.
  94. Wandlitz compact , 22nd edition 2020/21, p. 54ff.
  95. Nikola Kripylo's homepage , accessed on June 7, 2020.
  96. ^ Official Journal of the Wandlitz community. (PDF; 3.3 MB) June 25, 2011, p. 47.
  97. Claudia Schmid-Rathjen: honored for the honorary office. In: Official Journal for the municipality of Wandlitz. March 10, 2007, p. 11.
  98. ^ Barnim district archive, KI Wandlitz 7030.
  99. Info from the history workshop In: Official Journal for the Wandlitz community. July 15, 2006.
  100. District Archives Barnim, Wandlitz KI 12,224th
  101. ^ Barnim district archive, KI Wandlitz 7587.
  102. Lars Grote: The doll whisperer from Wandlitz . In: Märkische Allgemeine Zeitung from 26./27. April 2014.
  103. ^ Database of the Federal Foundation to Process the SED Dictatorship
  104. Heather Journal with information on Winnington .
This version was added to the list of articles worth reading on June 27, 2012 .