|Community association||Terre d'Eau|
|surface||10.21 km 2|
|Residents||180 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||18 inhabitants / km 2|
Mairie La Neuveville-sous-Montfort
La Neuveville-sous-Montfort is a French commune with 180 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2017) in the Vosges department in the Grand Est region (until 2015: Lorraine ). The municipality is part of the Neufchâteau arrondissement and the Terre d'Eau municipal association founded in 2017 .
The municipality of La Neuveville-sous-Montfort is located about 35 kilometers west of Épinal and seven kilometers northeast of Vittel . The Saule , a tributary of the Madon, has its source in the 10.21 km² community area . In the west and north, wooded hills rise above the 400 m mark. Immediately north of the village of La Neuveville is the 460 m high mountain Montfort , which is the namesake of this and other other communities in the vicinity. La Neuveville-sous-Montfort is surrounded by the neighboring communities Domjulien in the north, Remoncourt in the east, Haréville in the south and They-sous-Montfort in the west.
The history of La Neuveville is closely linked to the castle on Montfort. Little is known about the origin, the supraregional importance and the decline of the hilltop castle / palace. The castle played an important role for several centuries and appears - stylized as a tower - in the municipality's coat of arms. Fragments of individual documents allow the conclusion that the castle existed in 1229 and disappeared in the 15th or 16th century. A Roman castrum is said to have existed on the Montfort as early as the 6th century , which, due to its exposed location, controlled the trade routes to and from Vittel . At the beginning of the 20th century, remains of walls and fountains were found on the summit of Montfort. The castle, which probably only existed as a ruin in the 18th century, was still so well aware at the time the communities were formed around 1790 that several communities in the area had the castle in their name: next to La Neuveville-sous-Montfort (literally about Die new city under [the] Montfort ) also Domèvre-sous-Montfort , Parey-sous-Montfort and They-sous-Montfort .
|Sources: Cassini and INSEE|
In 1846 there were still 446 inhabitants in the municipality. The emigration due to the mechanization of agriculture and the two world wars caused the population to drop noticeably. There has been a consolidation since the beginning of the 21st century.
- Saint Romaric Church
- Saint-Vincent Oratory
- Fountain and lavoir
Economy and Infrastructure
In La Neuveville-sous-Montfort there are smaller construction companies and seven farms (cattle breeding, dairy farming), three of which are winegrowers. The viticulture in southern Lorraine, which was important until the phylloxera crisis, is only of local importance today on the steep southern slope of the Montfort.
The Merrey – Hymont-Mattaincourt railway runs through La Neuveville-sous-Montfort, without any operating point in the municipality.
- Description of the coat of arms on genealogie-lorraine.fr
- story on jeanalain.monfort.free.fr (French)
- La Neuveville-sous-Montfort on cassini.ehess.fr
- La Neuveville-sous-Montfort on insee.fr
- Statistics on cassini.ehess.fr
- Farmers and winemakers on annuaire-mairie.fr (French)