|Community association||Vosges Côté Sud Ouest|
|surface||9.04 km 2|
|Residents||199 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||22 inhabitants / km 2|
Location of the commune of Viviers-le-Gras
in the Vosges department
Viviers-le-Gras, a community of 199 inhabitants (January 1, 2017), is located between Contrexéville and Darney , about ten kilometers south of Vittel in the extreme south-west of Lorraine. To the west of the municipality which runs Maas - Saône - watershed , which lies on the department road 164 about 403 meters above sea Col du Haut de Salin is crossed.
In the west and north of the municipality, the rivers Ruisseau du Gras (namesake for the place that distinguishes several villages called Viviers) and Ruisseau le Zouneau , which drain south to the upper Saône after their confluence, arise .
The southern third of the municipal area is covered by forests ( Forêt de la Belle Perche and les Grand Bois ).
Neighboring municipalities of Viviers-le-Gras are Lignéville in the north, Provenchères-lès-Darney in the east, Bleurville in the south, Marey and Gignéville in the south-west and Dombrot-le-Sec in the north-west.
In 1635 Swedish troops besieged the nearby village of Saint-Baslemont and devastated the area; among other things, the nearby village of Nonville was burned down. The residents of Viviers fled to the woods and lived there for over a year. On their retreat, the Swedes also destroyed Viviers, which was rebuilt a little further down the valley.
During the great plague epidemic in 1720, the dead in Viviers were buried outside the cemetery for fear of infection. The area on the edge of the forest is still called “champ des morts” ( dead field ) today . In 1754, a cholera epidemic in Viviers-le-Gras claimed 32 lives.
At the beginning of the 20th century Viviers had a carpenter, a blacksmith, a wheelwright, a shoemaker, a clog maker, a plumber, a midwife and a baker, a grocery store, a shoe shop and two cafes.
There were two watermills in Viviers at the beginning of the 20th century. The Moulin Rouvenach , named after its owner, was called Moulin du bas ( lower mill ) from 1930 when Henri Jeanvoine took over. It was modernized and worked until his son retired in 1972. The operation of the Moulin Rodier ended after the retirement of the owner Ermest Rodier in 1908. After the buildings gradually fell into disrepair, the site was used as a stable. Today there is a house on the site of the old mill.
|Sources: Cassini and INSEE|
The Romanesque tower of the Church of St. Eliphius ( Saint-Élophe ) dates from the 12th century, the Gothic style choir was built at the end of the 15th to the beginning of the 16th century. Various inventory was confiscated during the French Revolution, including silver vases. One of the two statues of the Holy Virgin that originally stood in front of the church was stolen in 1983, the other has been in the church since then.
Fountain and lavoir
Economy and Infrastructure
There are eight farms in the community of Viviers-le-Gras (cereal and obat cultivation, dairy farming, horse breeding).
The nearest train station is in Contrexéville, eight kilometers away, on the Merrey – Hymont-Mattaincourt railway line .
- brief history on monthureux.fr (French)
- Viviers-le-Gras on cassini.ehess.fr
- Viviers-le-Gras on insee.fr
- on annuaire-mairie.fr (French)