|Community association||Ouest Vosgien|
|surface||8.51 km 2|
|Residents||80 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||9 inhabitants / km 2|
Saint-Sulpice church in Aroffe
Aroffe is a French commune in the Vosges department in the Grand Est region (until 2015 Lorraine ). It belongs to the Neufchâteau arrondissement and the interdepartmental association of Pays de Colombey et Sud Toulois . The inhabitants call themselves Aruffiens .
The municipality of Aroffe with 80 inhabitants (January 1, 2017) on the western edge of the Xaintois region is located in the north of the Vosges department on the border with the Meurthe-et-Moselle department , 30 kilometers south of Toul . The 8.51 km² municipal area extends far to the north and includes the Bois du Feys forest here . The eponymous river Aroffe , a right tributary of the upper Meuse, flows through the municipality .
There is a lot of uncertainty about the founding date of the village of Aroffe, but thanks to remains from the vicinity of neighboring Gémonville, it is believed that the area around Aroffe was already inhabited by the Gauls. The oldest traces of settlement can be dated to the 1st and 2nd centuries BC. During this time the area fell under Roman rule.
Around the year 476, Aroffe and the surrounding area were sacked by marauding mercenaries. During the early Merovingian period , the area south of Toul was completely Christianized. Witch hunts from this time have been handed down from the neighboring village of Aouze. A farmer from Aroffe, who attended one of the witch trials, is said to have initiated the construction of a first chapel on the 392 m high Chaplemont south of the village after an apparition of Mary . The first church was built in Aroffe in the 16th century. A document dates the end of the church building with the installation of a canopy to the year 1528. Aroffe, like some other villages in the area, belonged to the diocese of Toul. For a long time, however, Aroffe stood in the shadow of the nearby village of Vicherey with its castle.
During the French Revolution , the old chapel was destroyed and looted. In the 19th century a clay brick factory was built and a water mill started operating. The mill was used by a family of bakers to make flour until the 1940s. The brickworks also remained in operation until the middle of the 20th century. The First World War claimed many victims in Aroffe; During the Second World War the village was occupied for a long time. After the war the cinema and the last inn in Aroffe closed.
coat of arms
The wavy ribbon and the fish symbolize the Aroffe River, which gave the village its name. The oak leaves indicate the community's abundance of forests; Monumental cross and mill wheel show two of the sights of Aroffe. The municipal coat of arms was created in September 2011.
|Sources: Cassini and INSEE|
- monumental floor cross from the 16th century, Monument historique
- Church Saint-Sulpice Church, illuminated by spotlights at night
- two lavoirs
- twelve apostles on the facade of a house
- former watermill
- Niches with statues of the Virgin Mary on several houses
- former cinema
- Remnants of the foundations of the former chapel in the woods on Chaplemont
- several wayside crosses
- former town hall and school building ( Mairie-école )
- Cemetery with graves from the 19th century
- Grotte du Haut-du-Mont at 400 m above sea level, 16 m deep cave
Economy and Infrastructure
In addition to a few small service companies, there are five agricultural producers in Aroffe (dairy farming, cattle breeding).
- Aroffe on vosges-archives.com/ ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (French, PDF file; 39 kB), accessed on August 29, 2016; no longer permanently available since November 2016
- Description of the coat of arms on www.genealogie-lorraine.fr (French)
- Aroffe on cassini.ehess.fr
- Aroffe on insee.fr
- Entry in the Base Mérimée of the Ministry of Culture. Retrieved January 9, 2017 (French).
- on annuaire-mairie.fr (French)