|Community association||Ouest Vosgien|
|surface||4.23 km 2|
|Residents||150 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||35 inhabitants / km 2|
Location of the commune of Ménil-en-Xaintois in the Vosges department
Ménil-en-Xaintois is a French commune with 150 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2017) in the Vosges department in the Grand Est region (until 2015 Lorraine ). It belongs to the Arrondissement Neufchâteau and the municipality association Ouest Vosgien .
The municipality of Ménil-en-Xaintois is located in the southwest corner of the Xaintois landscape , about 40 kilometers northwest of Épinal and about 15 kilometers north of Vittel . The Ruisseau du Grand Pré stream in the north and the Ruisseau du Puits de Haye flowing in the south of the municipality drain westwards via Vraine and Vair to the Meuse . Immediately east of Ménil is the Rhine-Meuse watershed .
The landscape around Ménil is hilly and characterized by grain fields. In the south, the community has an approximately 50 hectare portion of the Bois dessous Haye . In this forest area in the southern tip of the district, the highest point in the municipality is 403 m above sea level.
Neighboring municipalities of Ménil-en-Xaintois are Totainville in the north, Dombasle-en-Xaintois and Rouvres-en-Xaintois in the east, Gemmelaincourt in the south, Saint- viel south - west, Gironcourt-sur-Vraine in the west and Biécourt in the north-west.
The place was first mentioned as Masnil in a document in 1109 . From the 13th century onwards, the name of the landscape prevailed (1251 Manil en Sainctoris , 1711 Mesnil en Xaintois ). In the Ancien Régime the village belonged to the Bailiwick of Mirecourt , the Lords of Ménil were subordinate to the Duke of Lorraine , in the Middle and Lower jurisdiction to the Abbot of Chaumousey . The church, consecrated to the Holy Apostle James , was part of the Poussay deanery within the diocese of Toul . The town hall and school building was built in 1872.
|Sources: Cassini and INSEE|
In the St. James' Church ( Église Saint-Jacques-le-Majeur ) from the 13th century, a set painted on canvas is kept, depicting Domrémy , the birthplace of Joan of Arc , before the extensive renovations to the church, town hall and bridge. The stage design dates from 1896 to 1901, when the ordeal of Joan of Arc was staged in plays under the direction of the local pastor. The picture is classified as a monument historique .
Economy and Infrastructure
Agriculture continues to play an important role in Ménil and the surrounding area. There are new farms in the community (dairy farming, cattle, sheep and goat breeding). Some residents are commuters to the business parks of Gironcourt-sur-Vraine and at Épinal-Mirecourt Airport .
The houses of the street village are grouped along the partly two-lane expressway D 166 from Épinal via Mirecourt to Neufchâteau . Ménil-en-Xaintois, Ramecourt and the neighboring municipality of Dombasle-en-Xaintois are the only places on the 50-kilometer expressway from Épinal to the A31 autoroute that cannot yet be bypassed by bypasses. The through traffic is an enormous burden.
- Ménil-en-Xaintois on vosges-archives.com. (pdf; 22 kB) (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on March 4, 2016 ; Retrieved July 11, 2011 (French). Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Ménil-en-Xaintois on cassini.ehess.fr
- Ménil-en-Xaintois on insee.fr
- Entry in the Base Mérimée of the Ministry of Culture. Retrieved July 11, 2011 (French).
- on annuaire-mairie.fr (French)