Russian naval fleet

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Russian Naval War Fleet
( Russian Военно-Морской Флот Российской Федерации )

Great emblem of the Russian Navy.svg

Emblem of the Russian naval fleet
Lineup 1696 and January 17, 1992
Country RussiaRussia Russia
Armed forces Russian armed forces
Branch of service Naval forces
Type Armed forces
structure Northern Fleet
Pacific Fleet
Black Sea Fleet
Baltic Fleet
Caspian Flotilla
Naval Aviation
Marine Infantry
Coastal Artillery
Strength 133,000 (in 2005)
Naval flag Naval Ensign of Russia.svg
Gösch Naval Jack of Russia.svg
Medium emblem Middle Emblem of the Russian Navy, svg

The Seekriegsflotte the Russian Federation ( Russian Военно-Морской Флот Российской Федерации - ВМФ России / transcription Voyenno-Morskoi Flot Rossiyskoy Federazii - WMF Rossii ) is one of the six branches of the armed forces of the existing since 1992. Russian forces . The international name for a ship in the Russian naval fleet is "RFS" - "Russian Federation Ship" (ship of the Russian Federation).

The Russian navy came into being when, at the end of the Cold War, after the collapse of the Soviet Union in December 1991, the Soviet navy was divided into that of Russia and the Ukrainian navy . The Russian naval navy essentially consists of parts of the former Soviet naval forces.


Origin until 1917

The first Slavic fleets consisted of small sailing ships and row boats that were seaworthy and able to navigate river beds. From the 9th to the 12th centuries there were fleets of the Kievan Rus , which consisted of hundreds of ships with one, two or three masts. With the help of these river and sea fleets at the same time, the Rus undertook campaigns across the Dnepr to Constantinople and across the Volga into the Caspian region. The citizens of Novgorod were known for waging campaigns in the Baltic Sea (e.g. the siege of Sigtuna in 1187) Ladja (Russian: ладья , "sea ship") was a typical boat of the Novgorod army (length: 30 m, Width: 5–6 m, 2 or 3 masts, armed with battering rams and catapults, crew: 50–60 men). There were also smaller sailing and rowing boats, e.g. B. the Uschkuis ( ушкуи ) for sailing in rivers, lakes and skerries, kotschis ( кочи ) and nosads ( носады ), which were used to transport freight. In the 16th and 17th centuries the Cossacks used sailing and rowing boats for their campaigns against Tatars and Turkic peoples . The Zaporozhian Cossacks called these boats either Tschaika ( чайка , "seagull") or Tscheln ( челн ). The Don Cossacks called them Strugs ( струг ). These boats could carry up to 80 men.

The Tsardom of Russia struggled since the 16th century to provide access to the Baltic Sea , the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov . By the middle of the 17th century, the Russians had some experience of using river boats with land forces. From 1667 to 1669, the Russians also tried to build naval ships to defend the trade routes along the Volga, which flows into the Caspian Sea. In 1668 they built the Oryol ( Орёл , Adler), a ship with 26 cannons , a yacht and some rowing boats. The regular Russian navy was only set up under Tsar Peter I , who wanted to modernize Russia and bring it up to the technical standards of Western Europe. The young Russian Navy passed an important test against the Swedish Navy in the naval battle of Hanko in July 1714.

In the second half of the 18th century and early 19th century , the Imperial Russian Navy had the third largest fleet in the world after Great Britain and France . After the Crimean War , Russia began building steam-powered armored ships , monitors, and sea-based batteries . In the Russo-Japanese War from 1904 to 1905, large parts of the Pacific Fleet ( sea ​​battle in the Yellow Sea ) and the Baltic Fleet hurrying to help ( sea ​​battle at Tsushima ) were destroyed. The Russian Navy, formerly the world's third largest fleet, dropped to sixth place, and the focus of Russian naval activities shifted from the Far East back to the Baltic Sea. However, contrary to the ideas of its first commander, Admiral Nikolai von Essen, the Baltic Fleet never went on the offensive during the First World War , but was largely blocked by inferior German forces under Prince Heinrich of Prussia until the end of the war and remained largely inactive.

In the October Revolution of 1917, sailors, especially from the Baltic fleet, played a key role. The starting gun was fired on October 25th by the cruiser Aurora , which is still a museum ship in Saint Petersburg today . The Soviet Navy was formed from the units of the Imperial Russian Navy.

The blue and white cross-striped cotton undershirt of the sailors, traditional for all Russian and Soviet navies, is called Telnyashka .

Russian naval fleet from 1991

After the collapse of the Soviet Union and the rapid cuts in the defense budget , the new Russian naval navy fell into a severe financial crisis, from which the entire operational readiness suffered. Although submarines and a few surface ships were put into service until 1997, the crews were often not paid . Some ships went to the dock for repairs and stayed there. From 1992 onwards, the United States has been supporting Russia both personally and financially in the scrapping of former Soviet nuclear submarines : one submarine from Project 667A and six from Project 667B .

After Vladimir Putin was sworn in as president in 2000 , the situation improved. After the K-141 Kursk accident in August 2000, considerable sums were invested in crisis training and modernization. The number of operational units continued to decline.

Since 2006, Russia has been expanding its strategic and technical capabilities in particular. By 2026, the second largest aircraft carrier fleet in the world with six aircraft carrier combat groups is to be built. In addition, from 2007 onwards there were increasingly detachments on the open sea in the Atlantic , Pacific and Mediterranean ; more and more sea ​​maneuvers are being held.

In 2008 the Russian naval fleet operated several times in the world's oceans. She took part in a joint exercise with the Venezuelan Navy in the Caribbean and passed the Panama Canal for the first time since 1944 . Further fleet visits took place in Nicaragua and Cuba . The already heavily reduced naval base Cam Ranh Bay in Vietnam was abandoned in 2002. The Tartus naval base in Syria is the last Russian naval base abroad .

On August 19, 2016 were under the military intervention in Syria by the corvettes Seljony Dol and Serpukhov in the eastern Mediterranean Cal - cruise missiles on command posts, ammunition dumps and arms factories of the Al-Nusra Front in Dar Taaza fired.

New construction programs and reactivations

The Stereguschtschi-class , the new strategic submarines of the Borei-class , the conventional submarines of the Lada-class and the multi-purpose combat ships of the Admiral Gorshkov-class as well as the stealth gunboats of the Bujan-class are the most important programs of the Russian military shipbuilding and represent a significant technological leap. In the future, decommissioned units of the fleet will also be modernized and brought back into active service. In September 2009 the Russian press reported that there were plans to put the Admiral Lazarew and Admiral Nakhimov back into service. In September 2011 further details of the planned modernization became known. Accordingly, all four cruisers should be overhauled and the three mothballed units put back into service. In the course of the overhaul, a significant increase in combat value should take place, which, in addition to the replacement of the on-board electronics and the weapon control systems, should also include a new armament with modern guided and defensive weapons. As the first unit, the Admiral Nakhimov was to be put back into service in 2015. A total of 44 submarines, 36 frigates, 28 corvettes, 18 cruisers, 24 destroyers and 7 aircraft carriers are to be put into service by 2020. By 2017 [obsolete] , the K-239 "Karp" of the Sierra I-class is to be modernized and put back into active service.


The Russian naval fleet has the following tasks:

  • The deterrence by use of force or the threat of military force against the Russian Federation.
  • Military protection of the territorial integrity of the Russian Federation beyond the land mass and territorial waters to international waters.
  • Military protection of the freedom of the seas .
  • Establishing and ensuring the protection of economic activities of the Russian Federation on the oceans.
  • Ensuring the presence of the naval war fleet of the Russian Federation on the seas.
  • Participation in military, peacekeeping and humanitarian operations that serve the interests of the Russian Federation and are carried out by the international community.


The headquarters of the Navy is since 2012 again in the historic Admiralty building "Admiralteistwo" in St. Petersburg , where until moving in 1925 to Moscow already the headquarters of the predecessor Marines had found.

Commander in chief

Commander-in-chief of the Russian naval fleet since 1992:

No. Name, rank designation image Start of office End of office
7th Nikolai Anatolyevich Yevmenov
Admiral (OF-8)
Nikolaj Evmenov (2019) .jpg 2019 ---
6th Vladimir Ivanovich Korolev
Admiral (OF-8)
Korolev Vladimir.jpg 2016 2019
5 Viktor Viktorovich Tschirkow
Admiral (OF-8)
Vice Admiral until 2012
Viktor Chirkov, 2015.jpg 2012 2016
4th Vladimir Sergeyevich Vysotsky
Admiral (OF-8)
Vladimir Vysotsky (Admiral) .jpg 2007 2012
3 Vladimir Vasilyevich Massorin
Fleet Admiral (OF-9)
Admiral until 2006
VladimirMasorin.jpg 2005 2007
2 Vladimir Ivanovich Kurojedow
Admiral Admiral until 2000
Vladimir Kuroyedov.jpg 1997 2005
1 Felix Nikolajewitsch Gromow
Admiral Admiral until 1996
1992 1997

Chief of Staff

Chiefs of the Main Staff of the Russian Naval Fleet since 1992:

No. Surname image Start of office End of office
7th AA Tatarinov
Admiral (OF-8)
2009 ----
6th ML Abramov
Admiral (OF-8)
2005 2009
5 WW Massorin
Admiral (OF-8)
VladimirMasorin.jpg 2005
4th WA Kravchenko
Admiral (OF-8)
1998 2005
3 WI Kurojedow
Admiral (OF-8)
Vladimir Kuroyedov.jpg 1997
2 IN Khmelnov
Admiral (OF-8)
1996 1997
1 WJ Selivanov
Admiral (OF-8)
1992 1996


The Russian naval fleet is divided into:


All currently active units are listed.


The Russian naval navy operated a total of 72 submarines in 2009, including 11 strategic and over 30 attack boats with nuclear propulsion . According to NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg , Russia has “invested heavily in its navy, especially in submarines”. Since 2014, 13 more submarines have been added.

Nuclear Ballistic Missile Submarines (SSBN)

Boats in this category are referred to by NATO as Ship Submersible Ballistic Nuclear (SSBN).

Since 2001 the construction of the new SSBN has been resumed with the project 955 Borei class . Since then, through December 30, 2012, three units of Project 955 have been launched. On December 29, 2012, the first SSBN of the 4th generation of the Russian naval forces was put into service with K-535 "Yuri Dolgoruki". Since the last baptism of an SSBN was 17 years ago and thus took place in the times of the Soviet Union, the Jurij Dolgoruki is the first Russian SSBN. The Russian Navy intends to acquire eight boats of the 955 class by 2015. Seven are to be built under the current (financial) plan by 2015, the eighth boat "after that" as part of a follow-up program. The new SSBN are intended to form the backbone of Russia's sea-based nuclear deterrent in the coming decades, replacing the older 667BDR / 667BDRM projects in this role.

The fact that the new SSBN was finally built seems to be primarily due to the shipyard's talent for improvisation, whose director suggested using existing production stocks. By this he meant finished hull sections for already started submarines of other classes of "previous generations", the construction of which Sewmasch had also stopped due to the financial problems. The Juri Dolgoruki is said to have received the entire bow and stern section of the project 971 submarine (NATO code Akula II ) that was started but was not further built due to lack of funds . In the case of sister boat Alexander Newski , finished hull segments of the Rijs , another Project 971 boat, are said to have been used. In addition, sections of submarines from Project 949 (Oscar II class) are said to be found in the first two boats of the Borei class . Hull segments are also said to have been shipped to Severodvinsk from the Komsomolsk submarine shipyard, which also builds Project 971 boats.

The use of non-type fuselage segments probably made changes to the original design necessary. According to a media report, Yuri Dolgoruki, who was baptized this year, is no longer the submarine that was originally started in 1996. This had been completely disarmed. Apparently, however, the unusual measure ensured the completion of the type boat of the prestigious new class. At the same time, it became apparent that the use of non-type modules led to a certain degree of standardization, which ultimately also resulted in a significant reduction in construction costs - an essential factor for the eventual continuation of the Borei program.

The boats of the project “941” (Nato code: “Typhoon class”) will remain in service with the naval fleet until at least 2019. While "Dmitri Donskoj" (TK-208) is still in active service, has already been converted to the new Bulava missile system and is undergoing a significant part of the current weapon system tests for the Bulava missile complex, the conversion and modernization of "Arkhangelsk" ( TK-17) and "Severstal" (TK-20) still out; both units are currently in reserve. The Commander in Chief of the Naval War Fleet, Admiral Vysotsky, however, on May 7, 2010, told the Russian news agency RIA Novosti that the boats had "great potential for modernization". On May 25, 2013, however, it was reported that, according to unofficial information, the two submarines will be decommissioned in 2013 and scrapped by 2018, 2020 at the latest.

  • Project 955 Borei (NATO code: Borei class )
    • Yuri Dolgoruki (Northern Fleet commissioned on December 29, 2012)
    • Alexander Newski (keel laid on March 19, 2004, undergoes test drives, planned commissioning 2013)
    • Vladimir Monomakh (keel laid on March 19, 2006, launched 2011)
    • Knjaz Vladimir (keel laid on July 30, 2012, project 955A)

Nuclear submarines with guided missiles (SSGN)

Boats in this category are called Ship Submersible Guided Missile Nuclear or SSGN in NATO . They are weapons technology the answer to the Carrier Vessel Battle Groups of the US Navy .

The construction of the multifunctional nuclear submarine Severodvinsk (Project 885 Jassen ) took a long time. The submarine was to be equipped with eight launch ramps for 24 P-800 Oniks precision anti-ship wing missiles that were difficult to locate . The Severodvinsk was laid down near Sevmasch in January 1993 and was originally supposed to be launched in 2000. In the armaments budget 2006 almost no funds were planned for this submarine. The Ministry of Defense originally wanted to commission six similar submarines, which should account for a considerable proportion of conventional deterrence: the submarines are mainly intended for the destruction of aircraft carriers. The Severodvinsk has been in active service in the Northern Fleet since June 17, 2014.

At Sevmasch in Severodvinsk, construction of the second nuclear-powered attack submarine of Project 885 began on July 24, 2009. The Kazan is said to differ significantly from the Severodvinsk type boat in terms of its electronic equipment and systems .

Funding for construction number 12 of project 949 (Oscar II class) K-139 Belgorod , which was supposed to replace the sunken Kursk in 2007, was canceled in 2006. It is unclear whether and when the boat will be completed.

K329 Severodvinsk when launched on June 15, 2010
  • Project 885 Jasen (NATO code: Granay class )
    • K-329 Severodvinsk (test runs in 2013, planned commissioning in 2013)
    • K-? Kazan (July 24, 2009 keel laying, project 885M, planned commissioning 2015 [out of date] )
    • K-? Ufa (keel laying planned for summer 2013, project 885M)
  • Project 949A Antey (NATO code: Oscar II class )
    • K-173 Krasnoyarsk (Pacific Fleet, in reserve since November 1995)
    • K-132 Irkutsk (Pacific Fleet, repair since 2001, end uncertain)
    • K-119 Voronezh (Northern Fleet, repaired and modernized in March 2012)
    • K-410 Smolensk (Northern Fleet, repaired until 2013)
    • K-442 Chelyabinsk (Pacific Fleet, in reserve since May 1999)
    • K-456 Tver (Pacific Fleet, repaired February 2004, renamed Tver in 2011 )
    • K-266 Orjol (Northern Fleet, 2013 is undergoing maintenance and modernization)
    • K-186 Omsk (Pacific Fleet)
    • K-150 Tomsk (Pacific Fleet, repair since 2010, damage to the cooling circuit of the reactor)
    • K-139 Belgorod (has been rebuilt as a special project 09852 since December 2012)
    • K-135 Volgograd (preserved in the construction hall)

Nuclear Hunting Submarines (SSN)

Boats in this category are called Ship Submersible Nuclear (SSN) in NATO .

A fourth generation SSN is to be planned. It is still unclear whether and when the two unfinished boats of the type Project 971M (Akula II) K-337 and K-333, which were in the hall near Sewmasch, will be put into service. It is said that their sections will be used for the new SSBN of the Borei class . With the K-317 Pantera , which recently completed its repair and modernization, the Northern Fleet has all Project 971 boats in service for the first time in ten years . B-534 Nizhny Novgorod of Project 945A (Sierra II class) also returned to the Northern Fleet on April 29, 2008 after four years of repairs.

Furthermore, five boats from Project 671 (Victor III) are kept in service. These are the only SSNs in the naval war fleet capable of shallow water operations. All other submarines are not allowed to approach less than 25 meters from the sea floor because of their sensitive reactor cooling system.

Side view of K-335

Submarines with conventional propulsion (including SSG)

Project 677
Project 877

The naval war fleet is still struggling with problems in the operation of the new boat B-585 Sankt-Peterburg of the project 677 ("Lada class").

  • Project 641 (NATO code: Foxtrot class )
  • Project 677 Lada (NATO code: Lada class )
    • B-585 Sankt-Peterburg (Baltic Fleet)
    • two more units under construction with an unclear future
  • Project 636.3 Warschavjanka (NATO code: Improved Kilo or Kilo II class )
    • B-261 Novorossiysk (Black Sea Fleet)
    • B-237 Rostov-na-Donu (Black Sea Fleet)
    • B-262 Stary Oskol (Black Sea Fleet)
    • B-265 Krasnodar (Black Sea Fleet)
    • B-271 Kolpino (Black Sea Fleet)
  • Project 877 Paltus (NATO code: Kilo I class )
    • B-260 Tschita (Pacific Fleet)
    • B-227 (Baltic Fleet)
    • B-401 Novosibirsk (Northern Fleet)
    • B-402 Vologda (Northern Fleet)
    • B-806 (Baltic Fleet)
    • B-808 Yaroslavl (Northern Fleet)
    • B-445 (Baltic Fleet)
    • B-394 (Pacific Fleet)
    • B-800 Kaluga (Northern Fleet)
    • B-459 Vladikavkaz (Northern Fleet)
    • B-464 Ust-Kamchatsk (Pacific Fleet)
    • B-471 Magnitogorsk (Northern Fleet)
    • B-871 Alrossa (Black Sea Fleet)
    • B-494 Ust-Bolscherezk (Pacific Fleet)
    • B-177 Lipetsk (Northern Fleet)
    • B-190 (Pacific Fleet)
    • B-345 (Pacific Fleet)
    • B-187 (Pacific Fleet)

Surface vessels

Aircraft carrier / flight deck cruiser

As of 2017, the Russian naval fleet has an aircraft carrier :

According to Admiral Massorin, the plan is to expand it to two aircraft carrier task forces - one each for the Northern Fleet and one for the Pacific Fleet - which would each include three carriers . The need for three ships in each case arises from the operating cycle: In each group, one carrier is fully operational and a second is in preparation, which can also be deployed if necessary, while the third is going through a scheduled maintenance and repair period.

In a further step, the basic parameters for the new ships should be determined. The decisive factors are the capabilities of existing or currently developed combat aircraft and the operational tasks of the Russian naval fleet. Thinking of prestige has to take a back seat. The result would be ships that are not as big as the American aircraft carriers, but also significantly cheaper.

In 2015, the Krylow Research Center presented the 23000E Schtorm (German: storm) project , in which a large aircraft carrier with a displacement of around 100,000 tons and for 80-90 combat aircraft is being developed.

Missile battle cruiser

Officially, only one ship of the Kirov class is still in active service. While the Pyotr Veliki is the flagship of the Northern Fleet, Admiral Nakhimov is to be converted to another anti-ship missile complex. In question would P-800 Onkis or SS-N-27 Sizzler .

Admiral Uschakow (ex "Kirow"), lead ship of the Kirow class
Marshal Ustinov ,
Slava-class missile cruiser
  • Project 1144 Orlan (NATO code: Kirov class )
    • Admiral Nachimow (ex "Kalinin") (Northern Fleet, repair and conversion to new FK)
    • Pyotr Veliky (ex "Yuri Andropow") (Northern Fleet)

Missile cruiser

The three Slava-class cruisers are ready for action. The Moskva and Varyag have participated in several international exercises in the Mediterranean and Pacific over the past two years. The Marshal Ustinov regularly takes part in exercises of the Northern Fleet.

The fourth Slava-class missile cruiser, Ukraina , is located in Mykolaiv , Ukraine , and is to be sold by the Ukraine . The Ukraine was handed over to Ukraine by the Black Sea Fleet in 1993. It is 96 percent complete, but Ukraine has no further funds to complete the work. Kiev tried many times to sell the Ukraine to Russia or another country, but these attempts have all failed so far.

Missile destroyer

The destroyer Nastoitschiwy (610) in June 2005

While the Admiral Tschabanenko is the only counterpart to the US Arleigh Burke class in the Russian fleet and has only recently participated in maneuvers, the rocket ships of the Sowremenny class are being held back. From what was once 18 ships, only 10 are still in service here, while the rest have either been scrapped or decommissioned. This fact is due to the financial crisis of the 1990s. In July 2007, the Gremyashchi was finally retired because a basic overhaul would have been too expensive.

  • Project 1155.1 Fregat II (NATO code: Udaloy II class )
    • 650 Admiral Tschabanenko (Northern Fleet) (2008 in the Mediterranean and Venezuela)
  • Project 956 Saritsch (NATO code: Sowremenny class )
    • 720 Boyevoi - Боевой (1986) (Pacific Fleet)
    • 778 Burny - Бурный (1988) (Pacific Fleet)
    • 715 Bystry - Быстрый (1989) (Pacific Fleet)
    • 420 Rastoropny - Расторопный (1989)
    • 754 Besbojasnenny - Безбоязненный (1990) (Pacific Fleet)
    • 406 Besuderschny - Безудержный (1991) (Northern Fleet)
    • 405 Bespokoiny - Беспокойный (1992) (Baltic Fleet)
    • 610 Nastoitschiwy - Настойчивый - (originally Moskovsky Kosomolets) (1993) (Baltic Fleet)
    • 434 Admiral Ushakov - Бесстрашный - (originally Bestraschny , Northern Fleet) (1994)

ASW missile destroyer

The anti-submarine ships of Udaloj class taking lately frequently participated in operations in the open ocean and international exercises. After 16 years of inactivity, Wize-Admiral Kulakow returns to the fleet after a major overhaul at the end of 2007 / beginning of 2008. A repair was only worthwhile because the ship was preserved in good time by the shipyard on its own initiative when, in 1996, no more money flowed during a repair of the propulsion system that had been dragging on since 1991. The Marshal Wasilewskij was retired on 10 February, 2007. The ship fell into disrepair during the financial crisis, so that repairs would have been too costly.

Neustraschimij, type ship of the Neustraschimy class
  • Project 1155 Fregat I (NATO code: Udaloy I class )
    • Wize-Admiral Kulakow (Northern Fleet, back in service since December 2010 after modernization)
    • Severomorsk (Northern Fleet)
    • Admiral Levchenko (Northern Fleet)
    • Admiral Vinogradov (Pacific Fleet)
    • Admiral Kharlamov (Northern Fleet)
    • 543 Marshal Shaposhnikov (Pacific Fleet)
    • 548 Admiral Panteleev (Pacific Fleet)
    • 552 Admiral Tribuz (Pacific Fleet)
  • Project 61M (modernization project 01090) (NATO code: Kashin class )
    • Smetliwy (Black Sea Fleet)

Missile frigates (ASW ships)


Project 1232.2 Zubr (NATO code: Pomornik class )

Project 775 NATO designation: Ropucha I class

  • BDK-45 Georgi Pobedonosez
  • BDK-46 Novocherkassk
  • BDK-55 Alexander Otrakovsky
  • BDK-58 Kaliningrad
  • BDK-64 Tsesar Kunikov
  • BDK-67 Jamal
  • BDK-91 Olenegorski Gornjak
  • BDK-98 Admiral Nevelskoy
  • BDK-105
  • BDK-101 Osljabja
  • BDK-121 Alexander Shabalin
  • BDK-182 Babruysk
  • BDK-200 Muchtar Äuesow
  • Nikolai Koraskov

Project 775 NATO designation: Ropucha II class

  • BDK-54 Azov
  • BDK-11 Pereswet
  • BDK-61 Korolyov
  • BDK-122

Multipurpose combat ships

With the laying of the keel of Admiral Gorshkov , the construction of a frigate began in Russia for the first time, which corresponds in every respect to Western models. The handover was scheduled for 2009, but the time for the sea trials had to be taken into account. On November 15, 2009, the then commander of the Baltic Fleet, Vice Admiral Konstantin Sidenko, signed the documents that officially sealed the handover of the new corvette from the St. Petersburg shipyard Severnaya to the WMF, after which further funds were to flow to the shipyard . Rebuilt again, the Admiral Gorschkow was sighted north of Scotland on December 25, 2017 . The British frigate HMS St Albans (F83) escorted the ship close to British territorial waters near the Moray Firth .

The first ship of the Stereguschtschi class has been in service with the Baltic Fleet since February 28, 2008. The Stereguschtschi should actually be delivered in 2004. Financial bottlenecks with construction costs that had meanwhile more than tripled, but also technical problems delayed the completion of the corvette again and again. During tests, malfunctions are said to have been found time and again. T. have made significant design changes necessary. The second ship of this type, which are also at the shipyard Severnaya built Soobrasitelny , was put into service on 14 October 2011th This was followed by the ships Boiki (Baltic fleet), Sowerschenny (Pacific fleet) and Stoiki (Baltic fleet)

As the reason for the delays in construction, the Russian navy named shifts in priorities in favor of the construction of new nuclear-strategic submarines; however, the necessary modifications probably also play a role.

  • Project 22350 Admiral Gorschkow class
    • Admiral Sergei Gorschkow (keel laid on February 2, 2006, in trials since 2017)
    • Admiral Kassatonow (laid keel on November 26, 2009)
    • Admiral Golowko (keel laying on February 1, 2012)
    • Admiral Issakov (keel laid on November 14, 2013)
  • Project 1135.6 Burjewestnik (NATO code: Kriwak class )
    • Admiral Grigorowitsch (keel laying on December 18, 2010)
    • Admiral Essen (keel laying on July 8, 2011)
    • Admiral Makarow (keel laying on February 29, 2012)
    • Admiral Butakov (keel laid on February 20, 2013)
    • Admiral Istomin (keel laid on November 15, 2013)
  • Project 20380 Stereguschtschi class
    • Stereguschtschi (Baltic Fleet)
    • Soobrasitelny (Baltic Fleet)
    • Boiki (Baltic Fleet)
    • Sowerschenny (Pacific Fleet)
    • Stoiki (Baltic Fleet)
    • Gromki (keel laid February 17, 2012)
  • Project 20385 Stereguschtschi class
    • Gremyashchi (keel laying February 2, 2012)
    • Proworni (keel laying July 25, 2013)
  • Project 11661 Cheetah class
    • Tatarstan (Caspian Flotilla)
    • Dagestan (ex- "Albatros") (Caspian Flotilla; In final testing, should be put into service by the end of 2011.)
  • Project 21631 (Bujan-M) Bujan class
    • Grad Svyashsk (Caspian Flotilla)
    • Uglich (Caspian Flotilla)
    • Veliky Ustyug (Caspian Flotilla)
    • Seleni Dol (keel laying August 29, 2012)
    • Serpukhov (keel laid on February 25, 2013)
    • Vishny Volotschok (keel laid on August 29, 2013)
    • Ingushetija (keel laid on August 29, 2014)
  • Project 21630 Bujan class ( stealth gunboat for coastal and inland water protection)
    • Astrakhan (Caspian Flotilla)
    • Volgodonsk (ex- "Kaspijsk", Caspian Flotilla)
    • Makhachkala , completed

See also

Web links

Commons : Russian Navy  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Sources: Russian warships in Syrian port
  2. Russian combat ships in the Mediterranean use cruise missiles to destroy the command post in Al-Nusra . . August 19, 2016. Retrieved August 20, 2016.
  3. Russia fires cruise missiles at Syrian rebels. Südtirol Online , August 19, 2016, accessed on August 20, 2016 .
  4. Russia plans to rebuild nuclear-powered missile cruisers. RIA Novosti, September 19, 2009, accessed November 3, 2013 .
  5. Russia to refit nuclear missile cruisers - media. RIA Novosti, September 21, 2011, accessed November 3, 2013 .
  6. Russia wants to revive Titan submarines. RIA Novosti, March 5, 2013, accessed November 3, 2013 .
  7. Russia to Resurrect Titanium Submarines. RIA Novosti, March 5, 2013, accessed November 3, 2013 .
  8. ^ Website of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, viewed on January 15, 2012
  9. Виктор Чирков назначен главнокомандующим Военно-Морским Флотом (May 6, 2012). Retrieved on May 6, 2012. (Russian, "Viktor Tschirkow appointed commander-in-chief of the naval fleet")
  10. n.v .: Up to 10 Russian subs at sea around world - Navy source , RIA Novosti agency report , March 20, 2009. Accessed March 22, 2009.
  11. above: NATO is concerned about Russian submarines , ZEIT ONLINE, December 23, 2017. Accessed July 8, 2018.
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