Artur "Atze" Brauner (born on August 1, 1918 in Łódź , reign of Poland , as Abraham Brauner ; died on July 7, 2019 in Berlin ) was a German film producer of Polish origin. Brauner and his family were persecuted by the National Socialists during the occupation of Poland . He managed to escape to the Soviet Union and hide. After the war he came to West Berlin and became a successful film producer and entrepreneur there.
Early life and escape from National Socialism
Artur Brauner was the son of the Jewish timber wholesaler Moshe Brauner and his wife Brana. His father was from Katowice , his mother from Odessa . He had four siblings. His brother Wolf Brauner, born in 1923, was also a film producer. He graduated from high school in Łódź. He was already interested in film in his youth. In 1936 he traveled to the Middle East with young Zionists , where the group made two documentaries. He then studied at the Łódź Polytechnic until the beginning of the Second World War .
In 1940 he fled with his parents and siblings before the ghettoization of the Łódź Jews to the Soviet Union , where he survived the German occupation after 1941 without being recognized. According to Brauner, 49 of his Jewish relatives fell victim to the Holocaust . His parents and three of his siblings immigrated to Israel .
After temporary plans to emigrate to the USA , Brauner came to West Germany and West Berlin . He became the father of two sons and two daughters and lived in Berlin-Grunewald with his wife Theresa Albert, called Maria, a former Polish slave laborer whom he married on February 28, 1947 . One of his children is the journalist and film producer Alice Brauner . His niece is the actress and singer Sharon Brauner .
Career as a film producer
After arriving in Germany, Brauner applied for a film production license and on September 16, 1946, with the support of relatives and friends, founded the Central Cinema Compagnie (CCC-Film) in Berlin and became a film producer. In 1949 he built his studios on the site of the former Spandau powder factory in Berlin-Haselhorst , where since the first filming, in February 1950 for Maharajah unwillingly , over 500 films, half of them his own productions, have been made. Many of Brauner's films were made during this time in collaboration with the film distributor and producer Ilse Kubaschewski .
During the Second World War he had made an oath to himself: “If I survive, I have to bring the victims to life.” From the beginning, Brauner was committed to the democratic construction of Germany and tried to remember the persecution of the Jews. In 1961 he offered a reward of 10,000 marks for "confidential information" which "led to the concentration camp doctor Josef Mengele being arrested and brought to a proper court."
In his films, too, he was concerned with coming to terms with the German Nazi past. His first film was called Tell the Truth . The autobiographical film Morituri (1948), which he produced with the support of the Soviet military authorities, was a failure. In Germany the time was not yet ripe so shortly after the experience of the war, only a few were interested in films about the lives of persecuted Jews. The windows of cinemas showing this film were smashed. Ultimately it was decided to take the film out of the program. In the following years, Brauner therefore focused more on entertainment films that met the public's taste. His competitor and former employee Horst Wendlandt secured the filming rights to the Karl May Western fabrics and the rights to the Edgar Wallace books before Brauner, who subsequently acquired the rights to works by Bryan Edgar Wallace , the son of Edgar Wallace , and the Karl May books for the oriental materials.
According to his own statement, Brauner did not interfere in the work of a director . He only interfered if the daily copies showed defects. However, Brauner did not hesitate to change the director if necessary in the middle of the shooting, as happened in the Karl May film Durchs Wilde Kurdistan (1965) with Franz Josef Gottlieb , who had completely overshooted the shooting schedule in Spain. Brauner's contract negotiations with actors and other filmmakers were notorious. For example, he hired the American actor Lex Barker for a Karl May film (again: Durchs Wilde Kurdistan ) and then shot two films with him (also the sequel Im Reiche des Silber Löwen ), but Barker only wanted it for them pay for a movie. Barker then demanded an additional payment of 100,000 marks in a court case and won the case.
Well-known actors like Romy Schneider in girls in uniform , or OW Fischer in people in the hotel , as well as Maria Schell , Sonja Ziemann and Gert Fröbe shot in the CCC studios . The film, shot in 1955 based on Gerhart Hauptmann 's play of the same name, Die Ratten , received the "Bambi" award in 1961.
The death of the cinema in Germany in the mid-1960s hit the CCC studios hard. The topics dealt with, which up to now corresponded to the taste of the public, were less and less in demand. With the problems of “ Grandpa's Kino ” and the emergence of the new German film , Brauner's film production got into considerable difficulties in the 1970s. A new strategy to win the audience back was needed. Brauner overcame these difficulties. At the same time, Brauner's concentration on the production of films that dealt with the Nazi regime became evident during this period. He repeatedly focused on people who, as Jews, were exposed to the persecution of the National Socialists: Charlotte , The White Rose , Witness from Hell , A Love in Germany , Hitler Youth Salomon . The latter film was awarded a Golden Globe in the USA .
Artur Brauner pursued a special business strategy. He used the money from the production and sale of entertainment films to even be able to produce films that dealt with the subject of the conflict with the Nazi regime. These topics were particularly close to his heart, also because of his personal experiences from those years. But it was rather difficult to make money from it. The film Witness from Hell, made in 1965, plays a key role here . Directed by Žika Mitrović . The object of the film is to show the effects of the Holocaust on the surviving victims.
Brauner's friends and visitors to his house included Kirk Douglas , Romy Schneider and Helmut Kohl . For his friend Helmut Kohl, Artur Brauner donated DM 50,000 in 1999 in the context of the CDU donation affair.
In 1999 Brauner opened the 4-star Hollywood Media Hotel Berlin on Kurfürstendamm in Berlin . He also owned the Holiday Inn Berlin Mitte am Gesundbrunnen . In 2004, Brauner's real estate company ran into financial difficulties because the crisis-ridden Cinemaxx Group delayed rent payments. According to various reports from 2018, the tax authorities of Brauner demanded debt payments of around 73 million euros.
Brauner produced around 500 films, many of them for television companies. He received two Golden Globes, an Oscar as a co-producer and in 2003 at the Berlin Film Festival Die Berlinale Kamera for his life's work.
Private life and public engagement
The Artur Brauner Foundation was established in 1991 with the aim of promoting understanding between Jews and Christians as well as tolerance between people of different religions, cultures, skin colors and social or ethnic origins. It supports film producers who dedicate themselves to these topics by awarding the Artur Brauner Film Prize of 25,000 euros annually.
In August 2007, Artur Brauner was appointed a full honorary member of the European Cultural Workshop (EKW) Berlin-Vienna in Berlin on the proposal of Friedrich Wilhelm Prince of Prussia .
Yad Vashem has been honoring Brauner since 2009 by constantly showing 21 of his productions related to the Shoah at the memorial, for example Charlotte , The White Rose , The 20th of July or Mensch und Bestie . The honored one described these screenings as "the coronation of my filmmaking". In March 2010, a separate media library was set up there for his films.
His wife Maria, with whom he had been married since 1946, died in August 2017 at the age of 92. She was known for her social commitment in Berlin. For over 60 years she took care of the Jewish community in Berlin , especially the Jewish seniors; she was a patient advocate at the Jewish Hospital .
Artur Brauner died after a faint attack in July 2019 at the age of 100 in Berlin. He found his final resting place in the Jewish cemetery in Heerstrasse .
- 1946: Tell the truth (only co-financing)
- 1947: King of Hearts
- 1948: Morituri
- 1949: girl behind bars
- 1949: You don't play with love
- 1950: Five under suspicion
- 1950: Maharajah against his will
- 1950: Epilogue - The Secret of the Orplid
- 1951: innocence in a thousand troubles
- 1951: Sinful Frontier
- 1951: black eyes
- 1952: The chaste bon vivant
- 1952: You only live once
- 1952: The trail leads to Berlin
- 1953: The uncle from America
- 1953: Holland girl
- 1953: The Empress of China
- 1953: The private secretary
- 1954: The robbery of the Sabine women
- 1954: my sister and me
- 1954: Big Star Parade
- 1954: The Tsarevich
- 1954: novel by a gynecologist
- 1955: love without illusion
- 1955: Star of Rio
- 1955: July 20th
- 1955: The rats
- 1955: The captain and his hero
- 1955: Hotel Adlon
- 1955: The heroes are tired
- 1955: You my silent valley
- 1955: love, dance and 1000 hits
- 1956: devil in silk
- 1956: Student Helene Willfüer
- 1956: The bath on the threshing floor
- 1956: fruit without love
- 1956: you are music
- 1956: The first day of spring
- 1956: Before sunset
- 1956: My father, the actor
- 1956: love
- 1956: The youngsters
- 1956: Anastasia, the last daughter of the Tsar
- 1956: music parade
- 1956: A man doesn't always have to be beautiful
- 1956: The beautiful master
- 1956: The old forester's house
- 1957: like a storm wind
- 1957: Country innocence
- 1957: The last will be the first
- 1957: Looking for a nanny for dad
- 1957: Seven times a week
- 1957: To be a great lady for once
- 1957: The simple girl
- 1957: Goodbye, Franziska!
- 1957: love, jazz and high spirits
- 1957: The early maturity
- 1957: The great sin
- 1957: ... and don't tempt us
- 1957: The Count of Luxembourg
- 1957: When women cheat
- 1958: Travel to Italy - love included
- 1958: And in the evening at Scala
- 1958: Homesickness, barbed wire and good comrades
- 1958: Confess, Dr. Corda!
- 1958: It happened in broad daylight
- 1958: Münchhausen in Africa
- 1958: girls in uniform
- 1958: Tom Dooley - Hero of the Green Hell
- 1958: Petersburg Nights
- 1958: The Czardas King
- 1958: The man in the stream
- 1958: her 106th birthday
- 1958: the eighth day of the week
- 1958: The star of Santa Clara
- 1958: Woe if you let go
- 1958: The forbidden paradise
- 1958: It doesn't work without a mother
- 1958: Polikushka
- 1958: Small people turn out to be big
- 1958: Scala - totally crazy
- 1959: Here I am - here I stay
- 1959: The tiger of Esnapur
- 1959: What a woman dreams in spring
- 1959: The Indian tomb
- 1959: From the diary of a gynecologist
- 1959: Back from space
- 1959: Decoy of the night
- 1959: Peter shoots the bird
- 1959: And that on Monday morning
- 1959: La Paloma
- 1959: An angel on earth
- 1959: melody and rhythm
- 1959: people in the hotel
- 1959: The blue sea and you
- 1959: You are wonderful
- 1959: Black Chapel secret operation
- 1959: Farewell to the clouds
- 1959: The day the rain came
- 1959: Marili
- 1959: Old Heidelberg
- 1960: no angel is so pure
- 1960: darling of the gods
- 1960: Mistress of the World - Part 1
- 1960: Mistress of the World - Part 2 - Angkor-Vat
- 1960: Marina
- 1960: reason for divorce: love
- 1960: The 1000 eyes of Dr. Mabuse
- 1960: Stefanie in Rio
- 1960: The good soldier Schwejk
- 1960: Until the money part you ...
- 1960: Love nights in Rome
- 1960: We never want to part
- 1960: Sabine and the 100 men
- 1960: O sole mio
- 1961: And that's called life
- 1961: Lebensborn
- 1961: On a Friday at eleven thirty ...
- 1961: Too Young for Love?
- 1961: The marriage of Mr. Mississippi
- 1961: The ferris wheel
- 1961: Always trouble with the bed
- 1961: The shadows grow longer
- 1961: Via Mala
- 1961: Adieu, farewell, goodbye
- 1961: Robert and Bertram
- 1961: In camera
- 1961: In the steel network of Dr. Mabuse
- 1961: It doesn't always have to be caviar
- 1961: This time it has to be caviar
- 1961: Goodbye
- 1961: Ramona
- 1961: Solunski atentatori
- 1962: Café Oriental
- 1962: The secret of the black suitcase
- 1962: The invisible claws of Dr. Mabuse
- 1962: Gynecologist Dr. Sibelius
- 1962: The will of Dr. Mabuse
- 1962: Axel Munthe - The doctor from San Michele
- 1962: A dead man seeks his murderer
- 1962: Sherlock Holmes and the Necklace of Death
- 1963: Terminus 13 Sahara (Station Six-Sahara)
- 1963: The curse of the yellow snake
- 1963: Breakfast in a double bed
- 1963: The Rohrbach case (three-part television series)
- 1963: Seduction by the sea
- 1963: The Strangler of Blackmoor Castle
- 1963: man and beast
- 1963: Scotland Yard chases Dr. Mabuse
- 1963: The executioner of London
- 1964: The Phantom of Soho
- 1964: Old Shatterhand
- 1964: A gynecologist charges
- 1964: The London City Monster
- 1964: The Schut
- 1964: Freddy and the Song of the Prairie
- 1964: The death rays of Dr. Mabuse
- 1964: Fanny Hill
- 1964: the seventh victim
- 1964: Case X 701
- 1965: The Aztec Treasure
- 1965: Genghis Khan
- 1965: The pyramid of the sun god
- 1965: Hell of Manitoba
- 1965: girl behind bars
- 1965: Through wild Kurdistan
- 1965: In the realm of the silver lion
- 1966: Witness from Hell
- 1966: One is wrong (Trunk to Cairo)
- 1966: Who Knows Johnny R.?
- 1966: Charged under Section 218
- 1966: Long legs - long fingers
- 1966: The Nibelungs - Part 1 - Siegfried
- 1966: The hell of Macau
- 1967: The Nibelungs - Part 2 - Kriemhild's Revenge
- 1967: Lucky M. fills all the coffins
- 1967: Secrets in golden nylons (Deux billets pour Mexico)
- 1967: The little tea house
- 1967: Wonderful times in the Spessart
- 1967: Rheinsberg
- 1968: Hot sand on Sylt
- 1968: Street acquaintances in St. Pauli
- 1968: Tevje and his seven daughters
- 1968: eroticism on the school desk
- 1968: Shalako
- 1968: the tyrant
- 1968: El Alamein suicide mission (Commandos)
- 1968: Winnetou and Shatterhand in the Valley of the Dead
- 1968: Battle for Rome - 1st part
- 1968: Astragalus
- 1969: Battle for Rome - Part 2 - Treason
- 1969: screams in the night
- 1969: Josefine, the lovely kitten
- 1969: The honeymoon
- 1969: The dissolute life of the Marquis de Sade (De Sade)
- 1969 Love birds (Love Birds)
- 1970: The secret of the black gloves
- 1970: east wind
- 1970: The horror came out of the fog
- 1970: The Tsar's courier
- 1970: The garden of the Finzi Contini
- 1971: The devil came from Akasava
- 1971: Black Beauty
- 1971: Vampyros Lesbos - heiress of Dracula
- 1971: X 312 - Flight to Hell
- 1971: She killed in ecstasy
- 1972: For the second breakfast: hot love
- 1972: Virgins Report
- 1972: Praise be for what makes you hard
- 1972: The Secret of the Yellow Tomb (L'etrusco uccide ancora)
- 1972: Wedding Night Report
- 1972: Soho's Death Avenger
- 1972: Lilli - the bride of the company
- 1972: Robinson and his wild slaves
- 1972: Treasure Island
- 1972: Call of the Wild
- 1972: Dr. M strikes
- 1973: The foerste kreds
- 1974: You are free, Dr. Korczak
- 1975: Two devil guys on their way to the monastery
- 1976: The Mad Rich (Folies bourgeoises)
- 1976: Nea - A girl discovers love
- 1976: Shattered dreams
- 1976: A priest, a tank and a bunch of tired soldiers
- 1977: It doesn't always have to be caviar (TV series)
- 1978: Passionate flowers
- 1978: orgy of death
- 1979: The Dead Tasters
- 1980: Kreuzberg Love Nights
- 1980: hot potatoes
- 1980: tough professionals
- 1981: Charlotte S.
- 1981: After midnight
- 1981: Pinups and a hot guy
- 1982: The stroller from Sans-Souci
- 1982: the white rose
- 1983: SAS Malko - On behalf of the Pentagon
- 1983: Plem, Plem - The school is on fire
- 1983: A love in Germany
- 1984: Anna's mother
- 1984: Bloody snow
- 1985: bitter harvest
- 1985: danger to love - AIDS
- 1987: The stone of death
- 1988: Hanussen
- 1989: The rose garden
- 1990: Hitler Youth Salomon
- 1991: Izgoy
- 1992: The down bearer
- 1992: Le mirage
- 1993: Greshnitsa v mask
- 1995: Russian Roulette - Moscow 95
- 1995: Luise hits the jackpot
- 1996: From hell to hell
- 1996: The children of Captain Grant
- 2000: Christmas for an angel
- 2000: Apocalypse 99 - Anatomy of a gunman
- 2002: The devil who called himself God
- 2003: Babiy Yar - The Forgotten Crime
- 2006: the last train
- 2011: child prodigies
- 1961: Bambi for The Rats
- 1963: Zurich Film Prize for The Marriage of Mr. Mississippi
- 1965: Golden canvas for Old Shatterhand
- 1965: Golden canvas for Der Schut
- 1967: Golden canvas for The Nibelungs
- 1970: Golden Bear for The Garden of the Finzi Contini
- 1972: Oscar (Best Foreign Language Film) for The Garden of the Finzi Contini
- 1983: IFF Gijón: 3rd Prize for After Midnight
- 1983: German Film Prize : Silver film tape for The White Rose
- 1985: Oscar nomination for Bitter Harvest
- 1990: German Film Prize: Filmband in Gold for many years of excellent work in German film
- 1992: Golden Globe for Hitler Youth Salomon
- 1993: Federal Cross of Merit, 1st class
- 1996: DIVA-Award (together with Franz Seitz )
- 1996: Scharlih Prize
- 2000: Golden Camera
- 2002: German Critics' Prize (Honorary Prize)
- 2007: Honorary member of the European Cultural Workshop (EKW) Berlin-Vienna
- 2008: Askania Award / Berlinale watch for life's work
- 2010: Star on the Boulevard of Stars in Berlin
- 2017: ONE FUTURE honorary award from the Interfilm Academy
- 2017: Marler media award for human rights , honorary award for his life's work
- 2018: Carl Laemmle Honorary Award
Obituaries (a selection)
- Peter Luley in Spiegel Online , July 7, 2019: On the death of Artur Brauner - A life ready for film. With Karl May Westerns and Romy Schneider dramas, the producer Artur Brauner shaped West German post-war entertainment. The most important thing for the Holocaust survivor was the cinematic reappraisal of the Nazi era.
- Friedemann Beyer , Die Welt Kompakt , July 8, 2019: The dream manufacturer. The theme of his life was the Holocaust, which he approached with "Hitler Youth Salomon". With the death of the film producer Artur Brauner, a chapter in West German cultural history ends.
- Judith Kessler, Jüdische Allgemeine , July 11, 2019: The last of its kind. On the death of the legendary film producer, Oscar winner and contemporary witness.
- Ulrich Gutmair, daily newspaper , July 8, 2019: Artur Brauner has died. He gave faces to the victims. Artur Brauner produced over 300 films, but close to his heart were those that dealt with the suffering of the Jews. He died at the age of 100.
- Artur Brauner: I only exist once . Herbig, Munich / Berlin 1976, ISBN 3-596-21945-0 (Fischer-TB 1982).
- Claudia Dillmann-Kühn: Artur Brauner and the CCC. Film business, everyday production, studio history 1946–1990 . Deutsches Filmmuseum Frankfurt am Main, Frankfurt am Main 1990, ISBN 3-88799-034-X .
- Wolfgang Bittner , Mark vom Hofe (ed.): You have to love the film. Artur Brauner. In: I have become a public person. Personalities from film and television. Bad Honnef 2009, ISBN 978-3-89502-277-7 .
- Frank Blum: Artur Brauner, film producer. Life and work. Cologne 2012, ISBN 978-3-00-025216-7 .
- This is life . In: Der Spiegel . No. 47 , 1957 ( online ).
- Lars-Olav Beier : Who sleeps, sins . In: Der Spiegel . No. 31 , 2018, p. 112-113 ( online ).
- A life for the dream factory. Portrait of the film producer Artur Brauner. Documentation by Michael Strauven , Germany 1998, NDR , 90 min.
- There's only one guy - Artur Brauner. Documentary by Wolfgang Dresler, Germany 1994, Deutsche Welle , 35 minutes.
- Rosa's world. Short film portrait of the Brauner family by Rosa von Praunheim in the film, which consists of 70 short films. 2012.
- Literature by and about Artur Brauner in the catalog of the German National Library
- Artur Brauner in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- Artur Brauner at filmportal.de
- Artur Brauner Archive at the German Film Institute , Frankfurt / Main
- Michael Wenk: He was the dream manufacturer: The German-Polish film producer Artur Brauner died at the age of 100. In: nzz.ch . 7th July 2019 .
- Dirk Jasper : Artur Brauner. In: Dirk Jasper FilmLexikon. 2010, archived from the original on May 4, 2016 .
- ↑ Wolf Brauner at IMBD
- ↑ Love without a filter - that means marriage! bz-berlin.de, accessed on October 23, 2012.
- ↑ Sharon Brauner's cuddly realm. In: Berliner Morgenpost .
- ↑ Michael Kamp : Glanz und Gloria. The life of the grande dame of the German film Ilse Kubaschewski. 1907 - 2001. August Dreesbach Verlag, Munich 2017, ISBN 978-3-94433-458-5 , pp. 131ff, 141, 147, 150, 173, 182f, 195, 216f, 219ff, 224, 282.
- ↑ Harry Balkow-Gölitzer: A classy Address: Prominent in Berlin-Dahlem and its history . be.bra verlag, 2014, ISBN 978-3-8393-4115-5 ( google.de [accessed on November 12, 2019]).
- ↑ David SANSON: Berlin: Histoire, promenades, anthology dictionnaire . Groupe Robert Laffont, 2014, ISBN 978-2-221-15673-5 ( google.de [accessed November 12, 2019]).
- ↑ I love you. Retrieved November 12, 2019 .
- ↑ FILM / BRAUNER: This is life . In: Spiegel Online . tape 47 , November 20, 1957 ( spiegel.de [accessed November 12, 2019]).
- ^ Artur (Atze) Brauner . In: Der Spiegel . No. 12 , 1961 ( online ).
- ↑ A life for the dream factory. Documentary for the 80th birthday. D 1998, directed by Michael Strauven (broadcast again with the same content on the occasion of the NDR's 90th birthday)
- ↑ CCC film Berlin Alice Brauner - the Crown Princess , by Gunda Bartels, Der Tagesspiegel September 12, 2016
- ↑ The Rescue of the Grand Seigneur , Der Spiegel , February 26, 2007
- ↑ One against many: this is how Artur Brauner sees himself since he escaped the Nazis. , by Uta Schrenk Jüdische Allgemeine May 3, 2007
- ^ Obituary for Artur Brauner Berlin film legend died at the age of 100 , by Bert Rebhandl Berliner Zeitung July 7, 2019
- ↑ Artur Brauner in trouble. In: Berliner Zeitung , November 2, 2005.
- ↑ The Rescue of the Grand Seigneur , Der Spiegel , February 26, 2007
- ↑ Artur Brauner: His last chapter. In: Der Tagesspiegel , April 20, 2008.
- ↑ Greiser filmmaker fights against the tax office - Treasury demanded 73 million euros from Atze Brauner. April 4, 2018, accessed July 7, 2019 .
- ^ Artur Brauner Film Prize
- ↑ Niklas Cordes: Maria Brauner died at the age of 90. August 16, 2017, accessed on July 7, 2019 (German).
- ↑ Maria Brauner , obituary, Der Tagesspiegel from August 20, 2017, accessed on July 8, 2019.
- ^ Artur Brauner in mourning: wife Maria has died. On bz-berlin.de from August 17, 2017.
- ↑ Maria Brauner died , filmportal.de , August 18, 2017, accessed on July 8, 2019.
- ↑ Film legend has passed away. Image, July 7, 2019, accessed July 7, 2019.
- ↑ The grave of Artur Brauner. In: knerger.de. Klaus Nerger, accessed on July 24, 2019 .
- ↑ Press release of the Munich Film Festival
- ^ "Against forgetting" . Artur Brauner receives the Marl Media Prize for Human Rights for his life's work. In: Jüdische Allgemeine , October 16, 2017, accessed October 16, 2017.
- ↑ Artur Brauner receives Carl Laemmle honorary award for his life's work - Carl Laemmle producer award. Accessed April 10, 2019 (German).
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Brauner, Atze|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German film producer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||August 1, 1918|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Łódź , Poland|
|DATE OF DEATH||7th July 2019|
|Place of death||Berlin , Germany|