|Community association||Agglomération Le Grand Périgueux|
|surface||10.94 km 2|
|Residents||248 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||23 inhabitants / km 2|
Parish Church of Saint-Pierre-et-Saint-Paul
Fouleix is a French municipality with 248 inhabitants (at January 1, 2017) in the department of Dordogne in the region Nouvelle-Aquitaine (before 2016: Aquitaine ). The municipality belongs to the arrondissement of Périgueux and the canton of Périgord Central (until 2015: canton of Vergt ).
The name in the Occitan language is Folés , the origin of which is unclear. It could come from the name of a person of Germanic origin and subsequently from the name of a place, or it could be of Celtic origin and denote a piece of land of hard nature that makes it seem absurd to dare to cultivate.
The inhabitants are called Fouleixois and Fouleixoises .
The municipality is located in a hilly area and is largely covered with chestnut forests.
Fouleix is surrounded by the neighboring communities:
|Clermont-de-Beauregard||Saint-Félix-de-Villadeix||Val de Louyre and Caudeau|
Fouleix is located in the catchment area of the Dordogne river . The Caudeau , one of its right tributaries, marks the border with the neighboring municipality of Saint-Félix-de-Villadeix to the south. The Retz, a tributary of the Caudeau, rises on the territory of the municipality.
Worked and polished stones found in the area of the municipality suggest an early settlement. The history of Fouleix is marked by successive wars. The Hundred Years War between 1337 and 1453 was a dispute between the English and French crowns. During this time, the Périgord was largely affected by bloody fighting and looting. A century later, the Huguenot Wars demanded a blood toll. The imposition of new taxes despite a general emergency led to the Croquant Rebellion in 1594. Subsequently, further uprisings broke out during the 17th century. The crisis hit villages like Fouleix with full force, and the hot spots multiplied until 1642 when Pierre Grellety, leader and "the last croquant" negotiated his surrender.
Toponyms and mentions of Fouleix were:
- Foles (13th century church records),
- Paroch. de Foliata (1400, font collection of the Abbé de Lespine),
- Foley ( castellany of Périgord archive of Pau )
- Folesium (1510, Mourcin collection),
- Fouleix (1750, 1793 and 1801, map from Cassini , Notice Communale and Bulletin des Lois, respectively ).
After records began, the population rose to a peak of around 695 in the middle of the 19th century. In the following period, the size of the community fell to around 170 inhabitants during short recovery phases until the 1980s, before a moderate growth phase set in continues today.
Parish Church of Saint-Pierre-et-Saint-Paul
It was built in the Romanesque style in the 11th or 12th century and remodeled in the 15th century, probably due to damage it sustained in the Hundred Years War. It has a floor plan in the form of a Latin cross and is built with an even masonry bond. The pointed arched entrance portal to the vestibule without a tympanum is located at the foot of the three-part bell tower and allows entry into the interior of the church. The church is provided with a dome on pendentives . Today it is only used for weddings and funerals.
It dates from the 17th century and is located in the hamlet of the same name on the country road to receive servants and horses from visitors to the village. The house is surrounded by a stone wall with towers at both corners of the country road. These are round in shape and resemble dovecotes that are often found in the region. The property is privately owned and is not open to the public.
Economy and Infrastructure
Agriculture and “green” tourism are the main economic factors in the municipality.
The municipality has a public pre-school and elementary school with 47 students in the 2018/2019 school year.
The Route départementale 21 crosses Fouleix together with its branch line, the route départementale 21E, from north to south and connects the town to the south of Bergerac. The municipality can also be reached via Route départementale 42, which links it to Route nationale 21 , the Périgueux – Bergerac axis in the north-west and to the neighboring municipality of Saint-Amand-de-Vergt in the east. Route départementale 38 Beauregard-et-Bassac leads to the west to the neighboring municipality of Beauregard-et-Bassac and further on to a junction with Route nationale 21.
Fouleix is connected to other communes in the department by a line on the Transpérigord bus network from Périgueux to Bergerac.
- Fouleix on the Vergt Municipality website (French)
- "Transpérigord" public buses in the department (French)
- Le nom occitan des communes du Périgord ( fr ) Départementrat des Dordogne. Retrieved November 10, 2018.
- Fouleix ( fr ) Conseil régional d'Aquitaine. Archived from the original on September 9, 2016. Retrieved November 10, 2018.
- Fouleix ( fr ) Vergt. Retrieved November 10, 2018.
- Dordogne ( fr ) habitants.fr. Retrieved November 10, 2018.
- Ma commune: Fouleix ( fr ) Système d'Information sur l'Eau du Bassin Adour Garonne. Retrieved November 10, 2018.
- Paul Vicomte de Gourgues: Dictionnaire topographique du département de la Dordogne ( fr ) In: Dictionnaire topographique de la France . Imprimerie nationale. P. 132, 1873. Retrieved November 10, 2018.
- France 1750 ( en ) David Rumsey Map Collection: Cartography Associates. Retrieved November 10, 2018.
- Notice Communale Fouleix ( fr ) EHESS . Retrieved November 10, 2018.
- Populations légales 2015 Commune de Fouleix (24190) ( fr ) INSEE . Retrieved November 10, 2018.
- Le comité de jumelage du Pays vernois a 20 ans ( fr ) Sud Ouest . June 14, 2016. Retrieved November 10, 2018.
- Eglise Saint-Pierre-et-Saint-Paul ( fr ) Observatoire du patrimoine religieux. Retrieved November 10, 2018.
- Château de Fileyssant ( fr ) chateau-fort-manoir-chateau.eu. Retrieved November 10, 2018.
- Caractéristiques des établissements en 2015 Commune de Fouleix (24190) ( fr ) INSEE . Retrieved November 10, 2018.
- École maternelle et élémentaire ( fr ) National Ministry of Education. Retrieved November 10, 2018.