|coat of arms||Germany map|
Coordinates: 52 ° 24 ' N , 7 ° 59' E
|State :||Lower Saxony|
|Height :||48 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||183.38 km 2|
|Residents:||31,141 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||170 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||49565|
|Primaries :||05461, 05464, 05468|
|License plate :||OS , BSB, MEL, WTL|
|Community key :||03 4 59 014|
|City structure:||14 districts|
City administration address :
|Mayor :||Heiner Pahlmann ( SPD )|
|Location of the city of Bramsche in the Osnabrück district|
Bramsche [ ˈbraːmʃə ] is an independent municipality in the north of the Osnabrück district in Lower Saxony . After Melle, it is the second largest city in the district in terms of area.
Bramsche is located in the Osnabrücker Land on the Hase about 15 km north of Osnabrück and on the Mittelland Canal . The Ankumer Höhe is in the northwest, the small mountain range Gehn in the west and the nature and geopark TERRA.vita in the southeast. The Bramscher Pluton is located under the city .
Achmer is the largest district in terms of area in Bramsche. It is characterized by the Hase, the Mittelland Canal and the Achmer airfield . Achmer borders in the north on Bramsche Mitte, in the west on Ueffeln and in the south on Pente.
The former municipality of Achmer consisted of the districts Laberge, Wackum, Tömmern, Hemke, Grünegras and Westerhausen and had an area of 28.29 km². Place name interpretation: In 1160 a "Lachenbure" of unknown location was recorded, in 1186 an "Achenbure". Possibly it was the same settlement. Lache, also Lake, is a shallow place, a pool of water. An Ache is a (mountain) river, especially in southern Germany. Bure means peasantry .
Balkum is a district of Bramsche between Ueffeln and Alfhausen, which does not belong to Bramsche . One of the sights is the Riesau watermill . A memorial stone in the southeast of Balkum, on the border path to Ueffeln, reminds of the bloodbath in walking . Balkum, including the scattered settlement of Bottum, which is partly part of Balkum, is one of the least populated suburbs of Bramsche with just under 250 inhabitants. Balkum was incorporated into the city of Bramsche together with Ueffeln on July 1, 1972, see Ueffeln-Balkum .
The district of Bramsche includes the town of Bramsche, which was independent before the territorial reform in 1971/1972. A distinction is commonly made between the city center, Gartenstadt and Bramscher Berg districts. The Hasesee, which serves as a local recreation area, is located between the city districts. The three districts together make up Bramsche-Mitte with around 14,000 inhabitants. The local mayor of Bramsche Mitte has been Peter Remme (SPD) since 2007. The Bramsche-Mitte area is also the location of the Bramsche secondary school.
This district was first mentioned in 1147. Engter is located in the southeast of Bramsche and borders on the districts of Kalkriese, Schleptrup, Lappenstuhl and Evinghausen. Engter and the neighboring districts belonged to the parish Bramsche until 1229, when a separate church was built in Engter. The districts of Kalkriese, Schleptrup, Lappenstuhl and Evinghausen belong to the parish of St. Johannis . In Engter there was the Engter primary and secondary school, which was converted into a primary school with a kindergarten at the beginning of the 2013/2014 school year.
Epe (Epe painting garden)
Epe is located in the northeast of the city of Bramsche. It consists of the settlement areas Bühren, Knäppen, Epe, Malgarten, Eckelort and Wittenfelde. The western border to the districts of Hesepe and Sögeln largely forms the Hase. In the north Epe borders on the district of Rieste, in the northeast on Vörden, in the east on the districts of Engter and Schleptrup and in the south on the district of Bramsche. With the Lower Saxony regional reform in 1972, the formerly independent municipality of Epe became a district of the city of Bramsche.
The district of Epe has a size of about 1450 ha and thus belonged to the larger rural communities of the former Bersenbrück district. Today, as in the past, Epe was and is characterized by agriculture. In 1987, of a total of 41 agricultural holdings, 17 were full-time farmers, 7 part-time farmers and 17 part-time farmers. Epe is a residential area of the city of Bramsche and has few commercial enterprises. Employers are a textile company, two hotels, two locksmiths and metal construction companies, two haulage companies and a house installation company.
Public facilities are the primary school, the community center with a meeting room, the fire station and the gym, sports and tennis courts. In addition, the Bramscher Realschule and the Greselius Gymnasium, named after Jakobus Greselius , the Bramscher indoor swimming pool and a waterworks for the city of Osnabrück are located in the Eper area .
Of the 1324 inhabitants in 1989, 857 belonged to the Evangelical Lutheran, 420 to the Catholic and 47 to any other or no denomination. The Evangelical Lutheran Christians belong to the St. John's parish in Bramsche-Gartenstadt and the Catholics to the St. Johannes parish in Malgarten. The local mayor of Epe-Malgarten has been Volker Stuckenberg (SPD) since 2016.
In Epe, in a nature reserve, lies the Darnsee, the largest natural lake in the Osnabrück region. On the east bank it has been used as a natural swimming pool since the 1930s.
Evinghausen is a farming community in the south-east of Bramsche around the Venner Berg and is the seat of the Evinghausen Free Waldorf School . V. The Uptrup peasantry with 42 inhabitants is part of Evinghausen.
In 1187 Hesepe was first mentioned in a document. It was only after the Second World War that a widely scattered farming settlement became a more densely populated settlement. Hesepe is on the B 68 and B 218 as well as on the Bremen – Osnabrück rail traffic. Dutch soldiers were stationed in Hesepe until the end of the 1980s. After their departure, the area, which was no longer used by the military, was used as a border transit camp for ethnic German repatriates . In the meantime it was a state reception center for Jewish contingent refugees and repatriates. Then it became the Lower Saxony competence center for voluntary departure. Rejected asylum seekers and other foreigners who are obliged to leave the country were accommodated there, as well as Iraqi refugees while participating in three-month language courses. Since May 2014 it has been an initial reception center for the state of Lower Saxony.
Geologically, a Kalkriese is a larger rock standing limestone . The place named after such a limestone giant, the Kalkrieser Berg , is probably the most famous district of Bramsche.
He achieved fame in the 1990s when the results of archaeological excavations indicated that the or parts of the Varus Battle took place in Kalkriese. The Kalkriese discovery region extends over many kilometers. The finds and their replicas are exhibited in the Kalkriese Museum and Park .
Lappenstuhl was founded in 1952 as a new settlement and is the youngest district of Bramsche.
The name Lappenstuhl is derived from the name Graf Lamprechts Richtstuhl . It was first mentioned in documents in 1402. It was a field name for the place where the settlement was founded.
The refugees and displaced persons arriving from the East German areas at the end of the Second World War caused a housing shortage in the parish of Engter . Since there were no building plots for sale in the communities of Engter , Schleptrup and Kalkriese , negotiations were made with the landlord Hugo Baron von Bar about parcels in the Lappenstuhl area, which was then a forest area.
With the support of the state parliament member Ernst Bettermann ( SPD ) from Rieste , an agreement was reached on the purchase of 65.94 hectares . Ernst-Bettermann-Platz was later laid out in honor of Ernst Bettermann. On April 9, 1952, the plots were assigned to the first building applicants. On December 4th 1952 there was electricity in Lappenstuhl for the first time. On June 15, 1958, the first settlers' festival took place in Lappenstuhl. It is celebrated annually to this day.
Since Lappenstuhl is on the districts of the communities Engter and Schleptrup , both communities were also responsible for the political affairs of the settlement. On September 21, 1990, the Lappenstuhl e. V. to submit an application to the city council for a local councilor for Lappenstuhl . After a long, heated discussion, the city council decided on March 14, 1991 to approve this proposal. On October 6, 1991, the first local councilor Lappenstuhl was elected. The first local mayor was Walter vor den Tharen (SPD), and Annette Marewitz (SPD) has been the local mayor since 2010.
Since there was no easy way for Lappenstuhl's school-age children to reach the elementary school in Engter in the 1950s, a separate school building was built. The foundation stone was laid on July 17, 1954. On January 8, 1955, 33 children were able to attend school for the first time.
In April 1964, the 5th to 8th grades were moved to Engter and a regular bus service was set up. In the course of the school reform , the school in Lappenstuhl was closed on March 5, 1973. Today the Arbeiterwohlfahrt operates a kindergarten in the building. It was extensively renovated and rebuilt in 2003.
A church was already planned in the development plan of January 31, 1955. The history of the Thomas Chapel began in Voltlage after the Second World War . A diaspora chapel was built with the help of a donation from American Lutheranism in order to be able to offer church support to the evangelical expellees living there . In 1968, however, most of the expellees had emigrated, so that the chapel was no longer needed. In June / July 1970 dismantling began. Until the reconstruction, the individual parts were stored on the new property in Lappenstuhl. Over a year later on August 1, 1970, the chapel was consecrated again. Since the inhabitants of the settlement had in the meantime strongly doubted “whether a chapel would ever be built out of the pile of boards”, it was named after the incredulous Thomas .
Malgarten (Epe Malgarten)
In 1170 the Malgarten Benedictine monastery was founded in a castle . In the monastery church there is a late baroque stucco relief that adorns all the vaults inside the church .
The Malgarten Monastery became the seat of the Vörden Office in Malgarten in 1819 . The remaining five nuns were accepted in Osnabrück. The Vörden office in Malgarten existed until 1885, the year the district of Bersenbrück was founded, in which it was expanded.
The former monastery complex, which can be visited, has developed into a small center for art and culture .
The history of the Pente district, at least as far as territorial sovereignty is concerned, has always been associated with Bramsche. Originally, Bramsche was dependent on the Penter farmers. because it did not have its own field mark. Due to the lack of land of their own, the Bramsch villagers kept their sheep grazing in the Pen area, planted around the area of today's market square in Bramsche's city center and set up fences. Although this area was legally part of Pente at the time, there were constant disputes for a long time. Only in the 19th century was this settled through a settlement, which, however, was associated with not inconsiderable assignments of territory to Bramsche for the Penter. In the period that followed, Pente was unable to oppose the expansion of the industrial city of Bramsche. For example, with the construction of the Mittelland Canal in 1911, Pente lost another large area to Bramsche. The closure of the 250-year-old Penter School in 1975 also symbolizes this development. The incorporation of Pentes by the city of Bramsche in 1972 had already been mapped out for centuries.
Nevertheless, the district convinces with its quiet location on the Mittelland Canal / branch canal Osnabrück and simultaneous connection to the city center of Bramsche and the B68, which leads directly to Osnabrück.
Pente is known for the brick factory Penter Klinker, which delivers its products (today only pavers) to Mallorca and Asia.
Schleptrup has belonged to the Engter parish since 1229 ; it is one of the oldest pre-Franconian settlements in the region and is the earliest mentioned Bramsch district. About 60% of the population are refugees or descendants of refugees from the former German eastern regions. In the Schleptrup area on the Schleptruper Egge there is a 234 m high transmission mast operated by the NDR , which catches the eye of travelers on the Federal Motorway 1 from afar. The basic supply of the Osnabrück region , large parts of the northern Münsterland and the southern parts of the Oldenburger Münsterland with analog radio programs and television programs in DVB-T standard is ensured via this transmitter mast .
Sögeln is a farming community in the north of Bramsche, west of the manor of the same name.
A locked for public transport lime avenue leading to the manor, the two moats surrounded, which are fed by the Sögelner hare. The main house from the end of the 18th century is a functionally simple, two-storey building with three wings. It was built on the site of a castle that was first mentioned in the 14th century. The oldest part of the still standing complex is the gate tower with loopholes on the ground floor, the baroque tower dome with the clock dates from the 18th century. The manor Sögeln often changed hands. It was owned by the von Braken (1323), von Ledebur (from 1350), von Knehem (from 1426), von Langen (1590–1750), von der Horst (1750–1792), von Hammerstein (1793–1817) families , Rathgen (1817–1846), von Stoltzenberg (1846–1871) and von Rappard (1871–1995). It is currently owned by the Bock and Polach families .
In 1793 Friedrich Philipp von Hammerstein zu Equord bought the estate and had the main house rebuilt. After he died in 1802, heavily in debt and without a direct heir, the property was acquired by the general tax collector Rathgen in 1817. The property passed through his stepdaughter to the von Rappard family, whose descendants are the current owners, the von Bock and Polach families . Around 1870 the young Prussian lieutenant Paul von Hindenburg visited the estate more often. The later Reich President was engaged to Irmengard von Rappard, who died in 1871 at the age of 17.
Ueffeln is a district in the northwest of the city. Located on the edge of the Gehns , the village has around 1200 inhabitants today. Ueffeln was first mentioned in 1292 in connection with the consecration of today's Evangelical Lutheran Church of St. Mary .
There is a megalithic grave near the outskirts , which indicates an early settlement. In the local elementary school, the children are taught up to the 4th grade; all secondary schools are in the Bramsche district. For sports fans, the place offers a sports field, a solar-heated outdoor pool and a shooting range.
Ueffeln is on the street of the megalithic culture .
The city of Bramsche borders Neuenkirchen and Merzen in the west, Ankum , Alfhausen and Rieste in the north, Neuenkirchen-Vörden ( Vechta district ), Ostercappeln and Belm in the east, Wallenhorst in the south and the North Rhine-Westphalian communities Lotte and in the south-west Westerkappeln ( Steinfurt district ).
17 km Merzen 13 km
9 km Neuenkirchen-Vörden 14 km
Neuenkirchen (district of Osnabrück)
12 km Lotte (Westphalia) 15 km
Bramsche is located in the temperate climate zone, influenced by wet north-westerly winds from the North Sea. On a long-term average, the air temperature in Bramsche reaches 10-14 degrees and around 700 mm of precipitation falls. Between May and August, an average of 30 to 35 summer days (days on which the temperature exceeds 25 degrees) can be expected. During this time, temperatures can often rise above 32 degrees. At night in summer temperatures often do not drop below 15–20 degrees, which was the case in 2003, 2006, 2011 and 2013 for several weeks. Summers can be both very dry and very rainy. Due to the special location between Wiehengebirge and Gehn, the city is often spared from storms. The air is very humid in summer and only very dry in easterly winds. Since Bramsche is in the transition zone to the continental climate, winters can also be very cold and snowy.
Most likely, the so-called battle of the Teutoburg Forest took place in the Kalkriese district in 9 AD. Since 1987, systematic scientific excavations have been carried out there. In addition to evidence of a massive military conflict between Teutons and Romans , the remains of a rampart were also found. Since no finds in connection with the warlike events of a later date than the battle have been secured, it is very likely that the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest or the Varus Battle actually took place here. Since 1993 there has been a museum in Bramsche / Kalkriese in which many of the most interesting finds are exhibited.
The village formation of Bramsche goes back to the time of Charlemagne (768–814). Bramsche was first mentioned in a document in 1097 as a parish (parochia) under the name Bramezche (formed from the words Bram = thorn bushes / later broom and Esch = field). In 1225, Bramsche came under the control of the Osnabrück Monastery as a gift from King Heinrich (VII) . Since 1615/1617 Flecken , Bramsche has been elevated to a soft picture by decree of the Royal British-Hanoverian Government in Osnabrück . In 1929 Bramsche received full city rights .
In the Middle Ages , Bramsche achieved its economic importance, mainly due to its centuries-old tradition as the city of cloth makers. Today the Clothmaker's Museum commemorates this tradition . Osnabrück's great son Justus Möser made great contributions to the cloth makers' guild by drawing up a new guild order in 1767. At his instigation, the Bramsch cloth makers received an interest-free loan to build an urgently needed warehouse. When almost all of the supplies fell victim to a conflagration in 1781 , it was again Möser who provided a loan through a personal guarantee in order to overcome this crisis. In 2002 the city of Bramsche honored his services by naming a square and a path after his name.
On March 30, 1933, the town hall was occupied by the SA . The following day, Mayor Heinrich Beerbom was summoned to the town hall as the local group leader of the NSDAP, who explained to him that he had been deposed by the district president, Bernhard Eggers . The local group leader of the NSDAP August Gausmann was provisionally the new mayor, from 1934 then officially. With the lie that he held the post of honor without pay, the strongly social democratic city should be convinced of the "good character" of the impeachment.
On the morning of November 13, 1972, the Quimburga hurricane caused enormous damage in Bramsche as well. The total amount of damage in Bramsche was around 1 million DM. Almost every second household in the city suffered storm damage.
Belonging to higher regional authorities
In the time of the Landdrostei Osnabrück , Bramsche belonged to the Vörden office from 1852 to 1885 . This was in 1885 in the district Bersenbrück the administrative district of Osnabrück in the Prussian province of Hannover on. With the establishment of the state of Lower Saxony in 1946, the district became a Lower Saxony administrative district. Bramsche belonged to the district of Bersenbrück until June 30, 1972. Like all municipalities in this district and the former Wittlage and Melle districts , Bramsche was added to the Osnabrück district on July 1, 1972. From 1978 to 2004 Bramsche was a town in the Lower Saxony administrative district Weser-Ems , which, like all administrative districts in Lower Saxony, was dissolved in 2004.
On January 1, 1971, the neighboring municipality of Achmer was incorporated. On July 1, 1972, Balkum, Engter, Epe, Evinghausen, Hesepe, Kalkriese, Pente, Schleptrup, Sögeln and Ueffeln were added.
The following overview shows the population of Bramsche in each area and on December 31st.
The figures are updates by the State Office for Statistics and Communication Technology Lower Saxony based on the census of May 25, 1987 .
The data from 1961 and 1970 are the census results including the locations that were incorporated in 1971 and 1972.
The city council of Bramsche consists of 38 council women and councilors. This is the specified number for a city with a population between 30,001 and 40,000. The 38 council members are elected by local elections for five years each. The current term of office began on November 1, 2016 and ends on October 31, 2021.
The last city council had members from five parties or groups. A single applicant (Ballmann) who had started did not manage to move in again. In addition, the full-time mayor Heiner Pahlmann comes as a voting member.
The following table shows the local election results since 1996.
|City Council of Bramsche: Election results and city councils|
|CDU||SPD||Green||FDP||UWG 1||LLB 2||
Die Linke 4
Sources: State Office for Statistics and Communication Technology Lower Saxony, District Osnabrück.
In the case of different information in the sources mentioned, the data from the State Office for Statistics and Communication Technology were used,
as they are generally more plausible. An exception to this is the information for the FDP in the 2006–2011 electoral period, in which the data from
the state operations are not plausible.
1 Independent Voting Community Bramsche
2 Linke List Bramsche
3 Party of Democratic Socialism 4 2011: Die Linke
The full-time mayor of the city of Bramsche is Heiner Pahlmann ( SPD ). In the last mayoral election on May 25, 2014, he was elected with 63.0% of the vote. The turnout was 53.9%. Pahlmann took office on November 1, 2014; he replaced Liesel Höltermann (SPD), who was no longer a candidate.
- 1919–1933 Heinrich Beerbom (independent)
- 1933–1945 August Gausmann (NSDAP), 1933 provisional
- 1945–1946 Heinrich Beerbom (independent)
- 1946–1957 Heinrich Hofrichter (SPD)
- 1957–1958 Wilhelm Friedrichs (SPD)
- 1958–1971 Alfred Purmann (SPD)
- 1971–1985 Lothar Lewandowsky (SPD)
- 1985-2001 Ewald Fisse (SPD)
- 2001-2014 Liesel Höltermann (SPD)
- since 2014 Heiner Pahlmann (SPD)
Culture and sights
- St. Martin , Bramsche, legendary foundation in 777, probably more in the middle of the 9th century, current building around 1200, Evangelical Lutheran, Carolingian baptistery (one of the four Sacellanate of the Diocese of Osnabrück). Originally a single nave, three-bay Romanesque nave with a Romanesque tower built shortly thereafter. Originally presumably provided with a straight end of the choir, the now existing polygonal closed choir was built around 1500. In 1696 the church was extended by a south aisle. The baptismal font and Altarmensa still exist from the Romanesque founding period.
- St. Marien, Üffeln, 1292, Evangelical Lutheran, originally part of the Bramsch parish, Üffeln received permission to establish its own parish in 1292, the church in Bramsche retained the right of patronage. The building is an early Gothic single-nave three-bay church with a straight, closed choir. The tower is on the western front. Particularly noteworthy are the fantastic sculptures surrounding the former main entrance, probably a warning to those who walk through the church that they should not surrender to worldly lust and sin. The Reformation was introduced in Üffeln in 1543.
- St. Johannis , Engter, 1229, ev.-luth., Originally also belonging to the Bramsch parish, Engter received the permission to build his own church in 1229, since the flood of the Hase often made it impossible to visit the church, the Hase had to go to it Time to be crossed in the ford. The church was dedicated to St. Johannes Evangelista and was run as a branch church from Bramsche. The construction of the building falls during the Romanesque-Gothic transition period. It has a single nave, two-bay nave with a choir that just ends, the tower is on the western front. Tower and nave seem to be of the same age, the choir a bit older. In 1851 an extension was added to the north wall.
- St. Martinus, Bramsche, Roman Catholic, built 1928–1930, parish of St. Martinus
- Holy Spirit Church (Bramsche)
- Malgarten Monastery , Roman Catholic, parish of St. Johannes
Castles and Palaces
- Alt Barenaue moated castle
- Neu Barenaue Castle
- Sögeln Castle , property eligible for state assembly, first mentioned in 1323, succession of ownership: von Braken, von Ledebur, von Knehem, von Langen, von Hammerstein, Rathgen, von Stolzenberg, von Rappard. Today owned by the von Bock and Polach family. Composition of the moats that still exist today in the late Middle Ages, simple two-storey three-wing main house from the end of the 18th century surrounded by an English garden as well as a gatehouse and a mill. Irmgard von Rappard, a daughter of the owner, was engaged to the later Reich President Paul von Hindenburg until 1871 , but died at the age of 19 before the wedding.
- Schagen Castle, Pente, is legendarily associated with Duke Wittekind. However, it was probably only created in the 12th century, possibly to secure the Haresefurt. Initially it was owned by the von Schagen family, and later the castle became the property of the bishop. It started to decay in the 17th century, today there is only a small remnant of the wall that belongs to Hof Borgmann. There may still be cavities underground.
- Steinburg, Hesepe, around 1540 by Wilhelm von Steinhaus (hence Steinburg) from adjacent farms that could be used in the Landtag. Further successes in ownership: von Stempel, von Dincklage and von Dumpstorp, von Varendorff , Baer, Mues, Menzel. A simple one-storey building with the coats of arms of the von Bar and Mues families is still there today, and the former graves have been leveled.
- Hesepe Castle, probably mentioned for the first time (the assignment is not clear) in 1402, was also called Holginck. Hesepe was an estate eligible for Landtag with successes in ownership: von Horne, von Swartewold, von Stempel, von Knehem, von Bar, Kayser (hence also Kayserburg), Cavemann, Beckmann (hence also Beckmannsburg), Pöppe. The now existing rural house dates from the years 1762 to 1770 and has been rebuilt several times. It bears the owner's coat of arms above the entrance.
- Alte Post, half-timbered - Dielenhaus with Utlucht . Hermann Rudolf Pörtener (1650–1716) had his parents' house rebuilt and enlarged in 1686–1688, as it can essentially still be seen today. Presumably, the building served as a post office for the post office line from Osnabrück via Lingen to Amsterdam, built in 1685 . The soap boiler Heinrich Wilbrandt Pörtener (1759–1828) was first mentioned in a document in 1818 as a royal Hanoverian postal forwarder and post keeper. In 1929 the town of Bramsche acquired the property, which has been a listed building since 1910 , and is now used as a restaurant.
- Bramsche branch of the Kreissparkasse Bersenbrück . Große Straße / confluence with Münster Straße. Two-storey solid building with hipped roof and gabled central axis, probably from the first half of the 19th century.
- Cenotaph on the Bramscher Berg, the highest point in this city. Planned by the Bramsch architect Friedrich Schroeder, inaugurated on August 26, 1934, commemorates the 167 soldiers who fell in Bramsch in the First World War . Later, the plaques originally on the memorial in front of the Martinskirche with the names of the Bramsch soldiers who fell in the Franco-German War (1870/71) were also attached. The memorial on the church square was removed in the 1960s. After extensive renovation work, the 28 meter high observation tower has been freely accessible to the general public again since 2003. To this day, there is no memorial for those who died in Bramsch in World War II.
- NDR transmission mast tow tractor harrow . Height: 234 meters
- In the cloth makers 'museum of the former cloth makers' guild operated by the Bramsch master clothers, all the machines that were needed for the production of cloth are shown in operation; from processing the raw wool to spinning with an automatic spinning machine with around 100 spindles ( spinning mule ) to a jacquard loom with punched tape control. Since 2010 the museum has been part of the Route of Industrial Culture in the Northwest .
- Museum and Park Kalkriese with information about the Varus Battle
Economy and Infrastructure
The wallpaper factory Gebrüder Rasch is based in Bramsche . a. the wire manufacturer Nexans Metallurgie Deutschland.
The federal highway 1 crosses the urban area in a north-south direction. At the Bramsche junction, it crosses federal highway 218 , which meets the B 68 near the city center and runs on a common route with it.
Bramsche station , which is used by more than 1,800 passengers every day, is located on the Osnabrück – Oldenburg line , from which the line to Delmenhorst branches off at Hesepe . Both are operated by the NordWestBahn every hour . The RE 18 (Osnabrück - Oldenburg), which connects to Wilhelmshaven , and the RB 58 ( Bremen - Delmenhorst - Osnabrück ) stop at Bramsche station . There are further stops in the districts of Achmer and Hesepe , which are served by the trains of the regional train line RB 58 ( Hasenbahn ) every hour.
There are bus connections from the Verkehrsgemeinschaft Osnabrück , which run every hour from the city center from Bramsche to Fürstenau (line 610) and via Wallenhorst to Osnabrück (line X583). There are also services to some parts of the city such as Engter (line 690), Hesepe / Ueffeln (line 620) and Gartenstadt (line 680) every hour. Engter also has a connection to the bus line from Osnabrück to Damme (line 585).
Bramsche has three port facilities on the Mittelland Canal , which runs on the southern edge of the urban area. 1919–1922 a plan was drawn up after a canal was to be built from the northernmost point of the Mittelland Canal near Barenaue in a northerly direction. It was intended to connect Bramsche with the Weser at Achim and to reach the Elbe at Stade . This project, initially called the "Bramsche-Stade Canal" and later the " Hansakanal ", was finally shelved in 1950 .
Achmer airfield is located near Bramsche .
In Bramsche there is a grammar school, the Greselius grammar school, a secondary school, a secondary school and several elementary schools.
The holiday routes “ Bramgau Route ”, the DiVa Walk and the “ Route of Megalithic Culture ” run through Bramsche .
The telephone code for Bramsche is 05461. It is also valid in Achmer, Epe, Hesepe, Lappenstuhl, Malgarten, Pente, Schleptrup and Sögeln. The area code 05464 is valid in Balkum, 05465 in Ueffeln, 05468 in Engter, Evinghausen, Kalkriese and Uptrup.
sons and daughters of the town
- 1483: Jakobus Greselius , professor at the University of Cologne and Canon of Rees / Rhine
- 1830: Günther Lange , pastor and national liberal politician
- 1884: Julius Schwietering , Germanist and folklorist, born in Engter
- 1887: Marie Arning , politician SPD , MdR (1924–1930)
- 1893: Wilhelm Paul Schreiber , infantry aviator, bearer of the Pour le Mérite
- 1904: Emil Rasch , lawyer, businessman and politician, MdL of Lower Saxony (1947–1951)
- 1911: Kurt Eckels , Lutheran theologian
- 1918: Gustav Lübbe , publisher
- 1926: Reinhard Scheelje , local politician (FDP) and local history specialist
- 1927: Heinz Aulfes , German educator, member of the Bremen Parliament (SPD)
- 1938: Jan-Jürgen Wasmuth , regional choirmaster in the Confederation of Protestant Lutheran regional churches in Lower Saxony and Bremen
- 1943: Jürgen Johannesdotter , em. Bishop of the ev.-luth. State Church of Schaumburg-Lippe
- 1948: Peter Urban , radio and television presenter
- 1952: Marieluise Beck , politician (Bündnis 90 / Die Grünen), member of the Bundestag since 1983
- 1957: Ralf Vogeding , author
- 1966: Paul Jaschke , soccer player
- 1967: Knut Tielking , social and health scientist and university lecturer
- 1972: Robert Corvus , author
- 1978: Filiz Polat , politician (Alliance 90 / The Greens)
- 1986: Simon Tüting , soccer player
Persons connected to Bramsche
- Justus Möser (1720–1794), lawyer, politician, man of letters and historian
- Bernard Wieman (1872–1940), magistrate in Malgarten, writer
- Walter Nowotny (1920–1944), fighter pilot
- Heinrich Beerbom (1892–1980), mayor , city director and honorary citizen of the city of Bramsche
- Gerhard Sperling , (1908–1975), painter
- Volker Neumann (* 1942), member of the Bundestag from 1978 to 2005
- Jörn Ipsen (* 1944), President of the Lower Saxony State Court
- Heinrich E. Weber (1932–2020), vegetation expert, musicologist and university professor
- Inge Utzt (* 1944), Member of the Bundestag, SPD politician
- Ernst Helmut Segschneider (* 1938), folklorist, non-fiction author
- Heinz Aulfes: 125 years of the SPD in Bramsche . Bramsche 1997.
- Günther Bührmann: Our home under the French Empire, from the diary of Pastor DA Lange . Bramsche 1996.
- Folkhard Cremer: History of the St. Martins Church in Bramsche and its community . Bramsche 1997.
- Werner Dobelmann : Yellowed leaves. From Bramsche's past , Bramsche, 2nd edition 1982 (1st edition 1964).
- Hermann Frommeyer: The Bramscher Gau and its settlements . Bramsche 1955.
- Hermann Frommeyer: Gau and City of Bramsche , Bramsche 1955.
- Oskar Frommeyer: Chronicle of Bramscher families in the mirror of their houses . 2 volumes, Bramsche 1957.
- Ewald Hein-Janke: Bramsche in World War II . Bramsche 2005.
- Hans Simon: From Bramsche's good old days. A journey through old documents and memories . Bramsche 1950.
- Hans de la Rive Box, De Hel van Bramsche . Bussum (Netherlands) 1945.
- Hans-Werner Niemann: Linen trade in the Osnabrück region: The Bramsch merchant family Sanders, 1780–1850 . Bramsche 2004.
- Susanne Meyer: The cloth makers of Bramsche , Bramsche 2003.
- Arnold Nöldeke : The art monuments of the province Hanover, IV. Administrative region Osnabrück, 3. The districts Wittlage and Bersenbrück . Hanover 1915.
- Wilhelm Wöbking: Chronicle of the Lutheran Church and Parish of St. Martini zu Bramsche from its foundation to 1884 . Bramsche 1893.
- OA, Bramsche - A city history. Bramsche undated
- OA, Bramsche - City of cloth, linen and wallpaper. Bramsche 1957.
- OA, 100 years of Rud. Gottlieb. Books, printing. Bramsche 1987.
- Official presentation of the city of Bramsche
- Publications on the city of Bramsche in the catalog of the German National Library
- Search for Stadt Bramsche in the German Digital Library
- Search for Stadt Bramsche in the SPK digital portal of the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation
References to literature
- ↑ Wilbrand Fisse-Niewedde: The Church in Engter 1229-1929 . Engter, 1929
- ↑ Heinrich Gosmann: Epe, Chronicle of a rural community . Bramsche 1994
- ↑ HO Grahle, H. Schneekloth: The Darnsee in Bramsche. Bramsche 1963
- ^ Günther Wrede: Historical place directory of the former Prince Diocese of Osnabrück . Hildesheim, 1977
- ↑ Herbert Holstein: tow crew, tow crew, Zipfeldorf? , in: Heimat-Jahrbuch 2010 of the KHB-Osnabrück Land e. V. Osnabrück 2009. ISBN 978-3-941611-10-8
- ^ Lisa von Gregory: Dorfchronik Sögeln 1240–2000 . Heimatverein Sögeln, 2000
- ^ Author collective: 700 years of the parish of Ueffeln-Balkum . Bramsche 1992
- ↑ Herbert Holstein: “We want to defeat France victoriously, die as a brave hero”, Bramscher in the war against France 1870/71, in: Heimat-Jahrbuch 2011 des KHB-Osnabrück Land e. V. Osnabrück 2010, ISBN 978-3-941611-11-5
- ^ Rainer Drewes, Herbert Holstein: Bernard Wieman (1872–1940) - writer from Osnabrück. A biographical approach. In: Osnabrücker Mitteilungen 2005 (Volume 110). Messages from the Association for History and Regional Studies of Osnabrück. Osnabrück 2005. ISSN 0474-8158
- ↑ State Office for Statistics Lower Saxony, LSN-Online regional database, Table 12411: Update of the population, as of December 31, 2019 ( help ).
- ↑ Statistisches Bundesamt Wiesbaden (Ed.): Official municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany - 1957 edition (population and territorial status September 25, 1956, for Saarland December 31, 1956) . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1958, p. 361 ( digitized version ).
- ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Official municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Final results after the census of September 13, 1950 (= Statistics of the Federal Republic of Germany . Volume 33 ). W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Cologne 1952, p. 51 ( digital version [PDF; 27.1 MB ]).
- ^ Wilhelm Fangmeyer: Interpretation of place names in the Osnabrück region. In: Heimat-Jahrbuch Osnabrücker Land, 1982. P. 78.
- ↑ Heiner Beinke: Bramscher news. In: daily newspaper. NOZ, April 18, 2013, accessed April 18, 2013 (d).
- ^ Bramsche secondary school
- ↑ GHS-Engter
- ^ Bramsche secondary school
- ↑ Greselius Gymnasium
- ^ Lower Saxony State Reception Authority
- ↑ Epe (Bramsche) / Office Vörden to Malgarten . wiki-de.genealogy.net
- ↑ Lower Saxony Society for the Preservation of Historic Gardens: Gut Sögeln near Osnabrück ( Memento of the original from March 31, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- ^ History of Gut Sögeln
- ↑ Gut Sögeln: Built on the water ( memento of the original from October 2, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- ^ Street of the Megalithic Culture
- ↑ Ernst Helmut Segschneider: Where does the name Bramsche come from? - New thoughts on the place name . In: Heimatbund Osnabrücker Land e. V. Georgsmarienhütte and Kreisheimatbund Bersenbrück e. V., Bersenbrück (Ed.): Heimat-Jahrbuch Osnabrücker Land . tape 2018 . Rasch Druckerei und Verlag GmbH & Co. KG, Bramsche, ISBN 978-3-89946-266-1 , p. 149-158 .
- ↑ In "Am heimatlichen Herd", No. 3 March 2018 69th year, supplement to the Neue Osnabrücker Zeitung regional edition Bersenbrücker Kreisblatt from March 28, 2018: "The SA stormed my house"
- ↑ Hurricane "Quimburga" raged 40 years ago in northern Germany today - millions of dollars in damage also in Bramsche. Neue Osnabrücker Zeitung, November 13, 2012, accessed on February 16, 2020 .
- ↑ a b Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 253 f .
- ↑ State Office for Statistics and Communication Technology Lower Saxony, population update ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- ^ Lower Saxony Municipal Constitutional Law (NKomVG) in the version of December 17, 2010; Section 46 - Number of MPs , accessed on December 6, 2014
- ↑ http://wahlen.bramsche.de/ Internet presence of the city of Bramsche with the election results of the local elections 2016
- ↑ State Office for Statistics and Communication Technology Lower Saxony, Table 5000311
- ↑ Landkreis Osnabrück, official final results of the district election on September 9, 2001 ( Memento from May 25, 2005 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 516 kB)
- ^ The local elections for the district of Osnabrück on September 11, 2011 (also includes 2006 results). (PDF; 8.0 MB) Osnabrück district, accessed on March 6, 2016 (p. 42, column “Municipal elections ”).
- ↑ Individual results of the direct elections on May 25, 2014 in Lower Saxony ( Memento of the original from March 3, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF) accessed on November 9, 2014
- ↑ http://www.te-gen.de/index.php?id=246 List of former mayors
- ↑ https://spd-bramsche.de/imperia/md/content/ Bezirkweser-ems/gliederungen/bramsche/wahlflyer2006 / liesel_internet.qxd.pdf Profile of Liesel Höltermann
- ↑ Monument project
- ↑ Metropolitan Region Bremen-Oldenburg in the north-west: Route of industrial culture in the north-west. Station 5: Tuchmacher Museum Bramsche ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- ↑ Planungsgesellschaft Nahverkehr Osnabrück GbR - Inquiry in local rail transport ( Memento of the original from September 30, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- ↑ Internet presence of the Bramgau route in the Osnabrück region ( memento of the original from December 3, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- ^ Bramgau Route: Teutons, Romans and Saxons . ( Memento of the original from January 6, 2013 in the web archive archive.today ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Volkshochschule Osnabrück