|coat of arms||Germany map|
|County :||Rhein-Hunsrück district|
|Association municipality :||Hunsrück-Middle Rhine|
|Height :||342 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||4.92 km 2|
|Residents:||248 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||50 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||56283|
|Area code :||06745|
|License plate :||SIM, GOA|
|Community key :||07 1 40 093|
|Association administration address:||Rathausstrasse 1
|Local Mayor :||Christian Busch|
|Location of the local community of Mermuth in the Rhein-Hunsrück district|
Mermuth is located in the East Hunsrück at the end of the K 107 district road. The landscape is also known as the Vorderhunsrück or Moselhunsrück and is bordered by the Lower Moselle and the Upper Middle Rhine . The place lies on a plateau of around 350 m. ü. NHN , in a valley edge location on the left side of the Ehrbach . In the local area there is the headwaters of a stream that flows into the Ehrbach below the Rauschenburg ruins .
Hunsrück slate and Devonian quartzite are in the immediate vicinity of Mermuth . A special feature is a small basalt deposit northwest of the village, which in the Hunsrück - north of the Soonwald - is to be classified as unique. In 2005, Wolfgang Welker (ARRATA e.V.) succeeded in discovering a basaltic volcanic vent that was exposed in an old quarry.
Mermuth is an old settlement area confirmed by finds. The name is derived from the Celtic words Merre / Wasser and Munt / Loch. The Old High German terms merra and munt for moor hole and mountain can also be seen as the origin of the name. In documents from the end of the 13th century, the place is written in 1285 Merremunt , 1466 Mermont and 1732 Mermet .
Presumably Mermuth belonged to an imperial estate with the center of Boppard or Kobern-Gondorf in the early Middle Ages . Already around 900 the lands of Gondershausen (to which Mermuth could be assigned) were given to the imperial abbey of St. Maximin Trier. As early as the 12th century, the Count Palatine estranged the territory of the imperial abbey. In 1410 Mermuth with Liesenfeld, Ober- and Niedergondershausen was part of the Gondershausen mayor house of the Palatinate Count Palatine -Simmern . As a former imperial estate, these places had a special position in the administrative area of the Gallscheid court . Palatine court rights represented their fiefdoms, mostly the Lords of Waldeck, from the 14th century to the end of the 18th century. Fief managers and landowners were, among others, the lords von Ehrenberg , Schöneck and Boos von Waldeck , for whom the serf community earned the tithe from cattle and timber.
After the occupation of the Left Bank of the Rhine by French troops (1794), Mermuth became a French commune in 1798 in the canton of Treis , which until 1814 belonged to the French Empire in the Rhin-et-Moselle department . Due to the agreements made at the Congress of Vienna , the region and with it Mermuth came to the Kingdom of Prussia in 1815 and was assigned to the mayor's office of Obergondershausen (from 1927 Amt Obergondershausen) in the newly established district of Sankt Goar ( administrative district Koblenz ) in 1816. From 1822 until the end of World War II , the region was part of the Rhine Province . From 1945 to 1949 and 1955 it was a municipality in the French zone of occupation . In 1951 Mermuth was assigned to the Office Brodenbach , since 1970 the local community has belonged to the Emmelshausen Association .
The Mermuther holiday in May should also be emphasized . It has been held in honor of the Virgin Mary by the population for many generations . According to the stories, after several fires in quick succession, a vow was made to keep this day in order to obtain the protection of the Mother of God . The "Marienkapelle" was built in 1738 on the site of a previous chapel. Mermuth became a Lutheran congregation in 1557 with the change of religion of the Palatine family. At the beginning of the 18th century it belonged again to the Catholic Church.
The local mayor is Christian Busch. In the local elections on May 26, 2019, no candidate ran; he was re-elected by the local council on June 26, 2019.
coat of arms
|Blazon : "Shield with a looped green tip, inside a golden chapel, split, in front a red cross in silver, behind in silver three red buckles lined up diagonally right."|
|Justification of the coat of arms: The coat of arms of the Balkenkreuz represents the affiliation to the diocese of Trier , the coat of arms of the buckles for Messrs Boos von Waldeck - in the original version silver buckles in a red field - and the church image for the local Lady Chapel.|
Mermuth is characterized by its quiet location, which is partly due to the fact that the place can only be reached via a single arterial road. The district is bordered by the valleys of the two creeks Ehrbach and Baybach . Both valleys can be reached from Mermuth via hiking trails. The two entrances to the Ehrbachklamm are particularly attractive to hike. In a forest area north of the community is the fortress Rauschenburg , built by Elector Balduin von Trier around 1330 .
A privately run museum for inlays provides information on the decorative art of inlaid wood.
- Local community Mermuth on the website of the Verbandsgemeinde Emmelshausen
- Literature on Mermuth in the Rhineland-Palatinate State Bibliography
- State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, communities, association communities ( help on this ).
- State Office for Surveying Rhld.-Pfalz, 2002
- Karin Ochel-Spies: A basaltic volcanic vent near Mermuth / Hunsrück. In: Adventure archeology. Issue 8, 2006/7, pp. 38-39,
- detail: http://www.regionalgeschichte.net/fileadmin/Superportal/Bibliothek/sammlungen/Ortslexikon/ObergondershausenHOL.pdf
- The Regional Returning Officer RLP: Municipal Council Election 2019 Mermuth. Retrieved October 5, 2019 .
- The Regional Returning Officer RLP: direct elections 2019. see Hunsrück-Mittelrhein, Verbandsgemeinde, 18th line of results. Retrieved October 5, 2019 .
- Election supervisor for the local community council election Hausbay: Information for residents about the constituent council meeting of the local community Mermuth on June 26th, 2019. Official journal of the Verbandsgemeinde Emmelshausen, edition 29/2019, accessed on October 5th, 2019 .