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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the local community Riesweiler
Map of Germany, position of the municipality Riesweiler highlighted

Coordinates: 49 ° 58 '  N , 7 ° 33'  E

Basic data
State : Rhineland-Palatinate
County : Rhein-Hunsrück district
Association municipality : Simmern-Rheinböllen
Height : 450 m above sea level NHN
Area : 16.81 km 2
Residents: 725 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 43 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 55499
Area code : 06761
License plate : SIM, GOA
Community key : 07 1 40 127
Association administration address: Am Markt 1
55494 Rheinböllen
Website : www.riesweiler.de
Local Mayor : Johannes Herrmann (independent)
Location of the local community Riesweiler in the Rhein-Hunsrück district
Boppard Badenhard Beulich Bickenbach (Hunsrück) Birkheim Dörth Emmelshausen Gondershausen Halsenbach Hausbay Hungenroth Karbach (Hunsrück) Kratzenburg Leiningen (Hunsrück) Lingerhahn Maisborn Mermuth Morshausen Mühlpfad Ney (Hunsrück) Niedert Norath Pfalzfeld Schwall (Rhein-Hunsrück-Kreis) Thörlingen Utzenhain Alterkülz Bell (Hunsrück) Beltheim Braunshorn Buch (Hunsrück) Dommershausen Gödenroth Hasselbach (Hunsrück) Hollnich Kastellaun Korweiler Lahr Mastershausen Michelbach (Hunsrück) Mörsdorf Roth (Rhein-Hunsrück-Kreis) Spesenroth Uhler Zilshausen Bärenbach (Hunsrück) Belg Büchenbeuren Dickenschied Dill (Gemeinde) Dillendorf Gehlweiler Gemünden (Hunsrück) Hahn (Hunsrück) Hecken (Hunsrück) Heinzenbach Henau (Hunsrück) Hirschfeld (Hunsrück) Kappel (Hunsrück) Kirchberg (Hunsrück) Kludenbach Laufersweiler Lautzenhausen Lindenschied Maitzborn Metzenhausen Nieder Kostenz Niedersohren Niederweiler (Hunsrück) Ober Kostenz Raversbeuren Reckershausen Rödelhausen Rödern (Hunsrück) Rohrbach (Hunsrück) Schlierschied Schwarzen Sohren Sohrschied Todenroth Unzenberg Wahlenau Womrath Woppenroth Würrich Argenthal Benzweiler Dichtelbach Ellern (Hunsrück) Erbach (Hunsrück) Kisselbach Liebshausen Mörschbach Riesweiler Rheinböllen Schnorbach Steinbach (Hunsrück) Damscheid Laudert Niederburg Oberwesel Perscheid Sankt Goar Urbar (Rhein-Hunsrück-Kreis) Wiebelsheim Bubach Riegenroth Laubach (Hunsrück) Horn (Hunsrück) Klosterkumbd Budenbach Bergenhausen Rayerschied Wahlbach (Hunsrück) Altweidelbach Pleizenhausen Mutterschied Niederkumbd Simmern/Hunsrück Neuerkirch Wüschheim (Hunsrück) Reich (Hunsrück) Biebern Külz (Hunsrück) Kümbdchen Keidelheim Fronhofen Holzbach Nannhausen Tiefenbach (Hunsrück) Ohlweiler Sargenroth Schönborn (Hunsrück) Oppertshausen Belgweiler Ravengiersburg Mengerschied Hessen Landkreis Mainz-Bingen Landkreis Mainz-Bingen Landkreis Bad Kreuznach Landkreis Birkenfeld Landkreis Bernkastel-Wittlich Rhein-Lahn-Kreis Landkreis Mayen-Koblenz Landkreis Cochem-Zellmap
About this picture

Riesweiler is a municipality in the Rhein-Hunsrück district in Rhineland-Palatinate . It belongs to the Simmern-Rheinböllen community .


Riesweiler is located in the middle of the Hunsrück on the north side of the Soonwald . The highest elevation in the Rhein-Hunsrück district, the Simmerkopf, is located on the district .


The center of the village

Riesweiler possibly has a Roman past, because it is located on an old Roman road, a branch of Ausoniusstraße , which ran past the cemetery towards Stromberg . When the town was expanded in 2003, the old road embankment was cut.

Riesweiler is first mentioned in a document as Runeswilre in a donation from Gertrudis de Honrein ( Horn ) to the Ravengiersburg monastery in 1135 . The document is considered a forgery by the archivist Georg Friedrich Schott .

The monastery rule was followed by the state rule of the Electoral Palatinate . Friedrich III. introduced the Reformation on July 16, 1557 . This is how Riesweiler became Protestant. After the Thirty Years War and the Counter Reformation , the Catholic element was strengthened again. During the Palatinate church division of 1705 , the Electoral Palatinate churches were divided between the three Christian denominations according to their strengths. The church in Riesweiler was assigned to the Reformed . Around 1762 the church was completely rebuilt.

With the occupation of the Left Bank of the Rhine in 1794 by French revolutionary troops , the place became French. In 1813 a fire broke out in Riesweiler, which destroyed almost the entire place. In 1815 the Rhineland was assigned to the Kingdom of Prussia at the Congress of Vienna . In the famine times of the 19th century, many Riesweiler turned their backs on the place and emigrated. After the First World War , the areas on the left bank of the Rhine were temporarily occupied by the French . At the end of the Second World War , many buildings were destroyed by artillery fire. Since 1946 the place has been part of the then newly formed state of Rhineland-Palatinate.

Statistics on population development

The development of the population of the municipality of Riesweiler, the values ​​from 1871 to 1987 are based on censuses:

year Residents
1815 423
1835 516
1871 519
1905 583
1939 554
year Residents
1950 645
1961 613
1970 643
1987 702
2005 741


Municipal council

The local council in Riesweiler consists of twelve council members, who were elected by a majority vote in the local elections on May 26, 2019 , and the honorary local mayor as chairman. Until the 2014 election, the council members were elected in personalized proportional representation.

The distribution of seats in the municipal council:

choice SPD FWG Per total
2019 by majority vote 12 seats
2014 4th 8th - 12 seats
2009 - 8th 4th 12 seats
2004 5 7th - 12 seats
  • FWG = Free Voter Group Riesweiler e. V.
  • pro = voter group "proRiesweiler"


Local mayor is Johannes Herrmann. Since there was no candidate in the local elections on May 26, 2019, he was elected in the constituent meeting of the local council. He is Thomas Auler's successor.

Culture and sights

The "Räzebore" (Reizenborn) can be found high up in the forest. In the 18th century there was a hermitage here, the Hermitage Maria Reizenborn . A chapel was rebuilt on the old foundations in 1997 and consecrated in 1998. In an open forest church above the hermitage, popular services are held in the open air in summer. Stories and legends entwine around the Reizenborn. The miracle picture of Spabrücken is said to come from here.

The Maria Reizenborn Hermitage in the forest above Riesweiler was a resting place on a pilgrimage route from Simmern to Spabrücken , which crossed the Soonwald ridge here. If the Ausoniusstraße can be seen as one of the access routes to the Way of St. James , the pilgrimage route to Santiago de Compostela , then two pilgrimage routes came together here near Riesweiler. The Ausoniusstraße is now also to be marked as the Way of St. James.

In the Protestant church in Riesweiler, built around 1762, three monumental stone heads stand out. One of the sculptures can be seen outside in the western gable triangle; two others support the gallery inside as consoles. A local history researcher suspects an origin of the heads in pre-Christian times. At that time there was a cult site of the Celtic natives on Reizenborn surrounded by stone figures of gods. After the medieval Christianization around the year 1000 AD, the still existing heads of the idols in the first church of Riesweiler were walled up and then also taken over in its subsequent buildings. Typologically, these stone sculptures are related to the figures of gods from Mont Beuvray (Bibracte) and the idols of a Celtic sanctuary at the sources of the Seine, which are kept in the archaeological museum of Dijon (Burgundy).

See also: List of cultural monuments in Riesweiler


Riesweiler has a sports club that alternates between the volunteer fire brigade and organizes the annual fair . The sports field is about 1 km east of the village on the edge of the Soonwald. Once a year, the local theater association guggemo e. V. organized a theater evening in the Soonblickhalle.

Economy and Infrastructure

Exit sign on the L 162


Associated with Riesweiler

Web links

Commons : Riesweiler  - Collection of Images


  • Gustav Schellack: 225 years of the Evangelical Church in Riesweiler; 1763-1988 Ed. Von der Evang. Parish, 1988

Individual evidence

  1. State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, communities, association communities ( help on this ).
  2. Route description Kirchberg – Riesweiler ( Memento of the original from January 7, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.altstrassen.de
  3. Stephan Alexander Würdtwein : Subsidia Diplomatica , Vol. 5, Heidelberg 1775, No. 147, pp. 403f. On-line
  4. Compare the articles on Bubach , Horn and Laubach .
  5. Andreas Metzing: The development of the denominational landscape in the area of ​​today's church district Simmern-Trarbach between the Augsburg religious peace and the Palatinate religious declaration (1555–1705) , monthly for evangelical church history of the Rhineland 55 (2006), pp. 219–232 ( online at Regionalgeschichte. net )
  6. ^ Johann Goswin Widder : Attempt of a complete geographical-historical description of the Kurfürstl. Pfalz am Rheine , part 3, Frankfurt and Leipzig 1787, p. 455. Online
  7. State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate - regional data
  8. ^ The regional returning officer RLP: City council election 2019 Riesweiler. Retrieved October 4, 2019 .
  9. ^ The Regional Returning Officer Rhineland-Palatinate: Municipal elections 2014, city and municipal council elections
  10. ^ The Regional Returning Officer RLP: direct elections 2019. see Simmern-Rheinböllen, Verbandsgemeinde, 38th result line. Retrieved October 4, 2019 .
  11. ^ Local community Riesweiler: local council. Retrieved October 4, 2019 .
  12. ^ Hermann Stumpf: Stories and Legends of the Nahegau , 1921, p. 101. Online
  13. Note from Landesforsten Rheinland-Pfalz
  14. Ausoniusstraße, soon to be Jakobsweg , Trierischer Volksfreund from August 30, 2011