|coat of arms||Germany map|
|County :||Rhein-Hunsrück district|
|Association municipality :||Simmern-Rheinböllen|
|Height :||428 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||3.42 km 2|
|Residents:||246 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||72 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||55497|
|Area code :||06764|
|License plate :||SIM, GOA|
|Community key :||07 1 40 138|
|Association administration address:||Am Markt 1
|Local Mayor :||Bernd Kunz|
|Location of the local community Schnorbach in the Rhein-Hunsrück district|
In 1006, the Mörschbach church, built by the noble Thidrich, was inaugurated by the Archbishop of Mainz Willigis and the tenth district was demarcated. From the Rinkenbach between Altweidelbach and Muttahrung to point 466.8 southeast of Mörschbach, the old Steinstrasse ( Römerstrasse ) formed the border. The parish between this Steinstrasse and the Simmerbach is likely to have been an old manor of the Lords of Wahlbach . The noble family von Wahlbach was related to the lords of Braunshorn and the lords of Dyck near Grevenbroich , who founded the Cistercian convent of Kumbd .
South of this stone road near Schnorbach the Counts of Kessel were wealthy. This family appears with Count Bruno in 1081, who owned a county in what is now the Netherlands on the left bank of the Meuse between Roermond and Venlo . The Bailiwick of the Benedictine Abbey of St. Pantaleon in Cologne carried it as an inheritance. Conrad (around 1188) and Hermann (1235–1255), Counts of Kessel, were their abbots . Since the middle of the 12th century, the Counts of Kessel have also called themselves Lords of Grevenbroich.
The relationship with the Archbishopric of Cologne suggests a connection via Bacharach to the Hunsrück . Because Bacharach had been in Cologne since Archbishop Kunibert (626–648). Here we have a parallel phenomenon to the noblemen von Dyck who came to the Kumbder area via Stahleck Castle . As a fiefdom of the Archdiocese of Cologne, the Counts of Kessel also owned goods on the Moselle . They were on loan to the Lords of Braunshorn, but were returned to the Cologne Church in 1184 under Archbishop Philipp von Heinsberg . The gentlemen von Braunshorn received a pension from Cologne vineyards near Bacharach as compensation. The Counts of Kessel could have acquired Schnorbach as an imperial property from Bacharach, especially since we also find the Argenthal estate in the immediate vicinity .
Count Palatine Rudolf I (1294-1319), who had relied his wife Mechthilde, daughter of King Adolf von Nassau , 10,000 marks as marriage property on the castles Fürstenberg and Stahlberg near Steeg, Kaub and some other Palatinate possessions, got involved with the Count von Kessel in disputes over the possessions on the Middle Rhine and on the Hunsrück. Walram, at that time still cathedral provost of Münster , authorized his notary Theoderich on September 29, 1295 to settle his dispute with the Count Palatine, which had arisen through the possession of the Kessel's estates in Steeg , the villages of Schnorbach and Ebschied with forests and accessories . The drawn up treaty was ratified by Walram von Kessel on October 4th of the same year. For an amount of 86 marks he renounced his 4 vineyards and a tree garden in Steeg as well as the villages Schnorbach and Ebschied and at the same time promised not to make any claims after he left the clergy. With that Schnorbach passed into the possession of the Rhineland Palatinate. Walram confirmed this legal process again on October 8, 1296, after he had resigned as provost of Munster.
The place Schnorbach appears for the first time in the register of goods of the Benedictine Abbey Rupertsberg near Bingen around the year 1200, when the pastor David von Schnorbach gave her some hooves . With the acquisition of the village by the Count Palatine, the patronage rights had also come to him. Together with his brother Ludwig, they gave the right in 1305 to the Wilhelmitenkloster Windsbach or Fürstenthal near Bacharach. Since this monastery did not flourish, Elector Ruprecht I exercised the right of patronage over Schnorbach himself again in 1368.
The original tenth district was considerably larger than the later district of Schnorbach. To the north it ran along the old stone road. In the district of Muttigart, the 10th limit seems to have reached the Rinkenbach. Here lies the “Herrenfeld” mentioned in the tenth report of 1614 (probably read from Hirzenfeld, Middle High German (mhd.) Hirz = stag), from this and from some fields the parish received 2/3 of the tithing. The pastor was entitled to tithe in some districts of the districts Riesweiler , Argenthal, Altweidelbach, Wahlbach and Mörschbach. In the districts of Altweidelbach and Wahlbach, the districts on this side of the old Steinstraße could come into consideration as tenth districts, while in Mörschbach a triangle was cut out, bounded on two sides by Steinstraße and Paterbach.
In the 14th century, the noblemen von Heinzenberg owned ten shares in Schnorbach and Wahlbach . In 1376 Johann von Heinzenberg donated it to his wife Irmgart, the daughter of Friedrich von Ippelbrunn. Possibly the share that the Wildgraves awarded to Johann von Schönenburg around 1400 and from which it came to Emmerich and Wilhelm von Ingelheim . The latter sold it in 1446 for 625 guilders to the pastor of Mörschbach.
According to the description of the Simmern office from 1599, Schnorbach had 11 fireplaces, two of which were not inhabited. The sub-school hot was called Michel Hebel. The nuns of Rupertsberg collected 20 malter oats (Binger Maß) and 3 pounds of oats from a number of goods annually. At that time, Kurpfalz was entitled to tithe in 2 corridors , in the 34 acre corridor on Simmerner Weg and in the 7 acre “Schelmäckern” (mhd. Schelme = “carrion”, ie Schindanger). This district is probably on the Altweidelbach – Argenthal road (corridor 3 Argenthal "Auf der Schinnkaul"), directly on the Schnorbach border and not in Mutterschieder Bann, where Wasenplatz (corridor 7 "Bei der Schinkaul") is 500 m north of the The village. This tithe was awarded against 11 Malter Korn. The remaining tithe was collected by the pastor himself.
Since 1590 Mutt Various was considered a branch of Schnorbach. In 1608 a new parish authority was established. The main ten of the place went to the Schaffnerei of the Kumbd monastery , which at that time paid the pastors and teachers. The pastor had to provide the Muttersche branch every Sunday and bed days, the Mutterschieder had to come to Schnorbach for the convent and on Good Friday.
The church consecrated to St. Sebastian fell to the Catholics in the Kauber church division (1706), who then added a new nave to the older choir 3 years later . Argenthal was included in the district with Ellern, Wahlbach, Altweidelbach, Glashütte and Thiergarten. When Schnorbach was separated from the Glaner land capital on September 7, 1767 and assigned to the Kirner, there were 19 households, 118 communicants and 135 souls in the village. The church was rebuilt in 1732. The parsonage built by the ecclesiastical property administration included a barn , stables and garden. The pastor received 120 guilders, 15 Malter Korn, 27 Malter oats and 1 load of wine as remuneration, the parish wages included 4½ acres of fields and 3 acres of meadows. The clerical administration paid 10 guilders house interest to the schoolmaster, who had to give lessons in his own house. His salary was 20 guilders, 10 malter grain, 15 guilders school fees, 2 guilders stol fees , he was exempt from cattle and shepherd wages.
With the occupation of the Left Bank of the Rhine in 1794 by French revolutionary troops , the place became French, in 1815 it was assigned to the Kingdom of Prussia at the Congress of Vienna . After the First World War temporarily occupied by the French again, the place has been part of the state of Rhineland-Palatinate since 1946.
The development of the population of Schnorbach, the values from 1871 to 1987 are based on censuses:
On the Catholic side, Schnorbach is a parish to which the towns of Argenthal, Ellern and Wahlbach are attached. The parish church of St. Sebastian was built at the beginning of the 18th century. The population is predominantly Catholic at 66 percent . The Evangelicals belong to the Argenthal parish in the Simmern-Trarbach parish .
Local mayor is Bernd Kunz. In the local elections on May 26, 2019, he was confirmed in his office with 85.21% of the votes.
Culture and sights
The cultural life of the local church is marked by the sports club Germania Schnorbach with offers in popular sports ( gymnastics , dancing , hiking ) and the Women's Association. There is a sports field on the outskirts. The parish hall is available for community events and family celebrations. The youth has set up a youth room there.
Economy and Infrastructure
The number of farms decreased from 26 to 10 part-time farms. Nevertheless, the place has retained its agricultural character.
Since the beginning of the nineties, a building area with 25 building sites has been developed in several construction phases , of which over 80% have been sold and most of them are already built on.
The traffic connection is quite cheap. Up to B 50 is 2 km, to A 61 (driveway Rheinboellen ), there are 6 km until the airfield Hahn km ca. 25th The district town of Simmern and the municipality of Rheinböllen are approx. 8 km away. The main centers Mainz and Koblenz can be reached in about 35 minutes via the A 61 .
- Josef Sehn (1909–1995), farmer and politician
- Homepage of the local community Schnorbach
- Short portrait of the place on SWR television
- Literature about Schnorbach in the Rhineland-Palatinate state bibliography
- State Statistical Office of Rhineland-Palatinate - population status 2019, districts, communities, association communities ( help on this ).
- State Statistical Office Rhineland-Palatinate - regional data
- The Regional Returning Officer RLP: City Council Election 2019 Schnorbach. Retrieved October 4, 2019 .
- The Regional Returning Officer RLP: direct elections 2019. see Simmern-Rheinböllen, Verbandsgemeinde, 40th result line. Retrieved October 4, 2019 .