|Hockenheim , Germany|
|Route type:||permanent race track|
|Opening:||May 29, 1932|
Formula 1 venue :
|Route length:||4.574 km (2.84 mi )|
|Audience capacity:||70,000 (fixed grandstands) 120,000 (including temporary grandstands)|
|1: 13.780 min.
( Kimi Raikkonen , McLaren - Mercedes , 2004 )
|Dragster track "Rico Anthes Quartermile"|
|FIA European Drag Racing Championship|
|Route length:||0.402 km (0.25 mi )|
|0: 03.882 min.
(Liam Jones (GBR),, 2018)
The Hockenheimring Baden-Württemberg (formerly Hockenheimring , Kurpfalzring ) is a motorsport racetrack in the Electoral Palatinate city of Hockenheim south of Mannheim . It is located in the western Schwetzinger Hardt .
The original route was laid out in 1932 within just three months as an approximately 12 km long triangular course on the unpaved forest trails in the Hardtwald; Among other things as a test track for Mercedes-Benz , but also as a race track, because the Karlsruhe Wildlife Park race track, which had been in use since the 1920s, could no longer be used after an official ban. The planning for the construction goes back to an idea of the assistant timekeeper Ernst Christ and the commitment of the Hockenheim motorcycle driver club founded in 1931. ADAC and AvD had been approached as possible organizers, but had canceled, the Southwest regional group of the DMV took the opportunity and agreed in December 1931.
At the opening race for motorcycles on May 29, 1932, 60,000 spectators were counted. The winners were Arthur Geiss on DKW cc in the class to 250 and the Briton Tom Bullus at NSU in the 500 cc category. In the first years up to the spring of 1935, the 4.50 m narrow route had no tar cover for cost reasons and was bound with water between the runs to reduce dust.
On March 18, 1938, construction work began to shorten it to 7.725 km. The track was widened to 7 m and the curves to 9 m with 2 m safety strips each and the surface was sealed with a continuous, non-slip macadam covering. The newly created east curve had 8% cant . In addition, natural grandstands had been raised along the entire route.
The newly built Kurpfalzring was reopened on October 16, 1938 with a championship run for motorcycles and sports cars. This also became the last racing event before the Second World War . The new route essentially consisted of a hairpin in the village of Hockenheim, the city curve in the west and a high-speed route in the forest with a large curve, the east curve , then called the Radbuckelkurve . Today there is an operating building of the Hockenheim volunteer fire department on the former site of the city curve. Start and finish were on the southern straight through the forest; roughly at the height of today's Mercedes grandstand. In contrast to today, the course was used counterclockwise until 1963 . Meanwhile was Kurpfalzring established as a test track, as tested Mercedes-Benz their new in April 1939 Voiturette racing car W 165 attached to the new circuit and prepared here winning the Gran Premio di Tripoli before.
Because of the outbreak of war, the race planned for October 15, 1939 was canceled again. On September 14, 1941, the last race, a bike race, took place on the Kurpfalzring. Later, the track surface was finally destroyed by a nearby tank unit .
New beginning after the war
After the war, work was done at full speed on rebuilding the track, the organizational structures and the racing operations, and the new Hockenheim-Ring GmbH was founded on March 1, 1947 . Since then the ring has been called the Hockenheimring again . The very first circuit race in Germany was started on May 11, 1947 , 200,000 people had come to the Hockenheimring to see Karl Kling , Alexander von Falkenhausen and Toni Ulmen at the start. Almost a year later on August 8th / 9th By May 1948, 310,000 paying spectators attended the anniversary race.
The ex- NSU factory driver and world record holder Wilhelm Herz was managing director of the Hockenheimring from 1954 to 1992 and led it to international importance through the Grand Prix status for motorcycles and Formula 1. In 1972, Herz received the Federal Cross of Merit from Federal President Gustav Heinemann . Mainly motorcycle races were held, World Championship races mostly alternating with the Solitude in Stuttgart , but of course the Nürburgring was also a competitor. Herz later succeeded in securing the renovation and holding large car races.
Development since the 1960s
With the construction of the A 6 in the 1960s, the racetrack was cut up and the hairpin in Hockenheim was eliminated. The so-called Motodrom was built as a new western part from 1964 to 1965 , a stadium-like section with tight curves and a new pit area, which formed a strong contrast to the fast route in the forest. The total length of the course, which opened on May 22, 1966 and can now be traveled clockwise, was 6.789 km. With the new Motodrom, the Ernst-Wilhelm-Sachs-Haus was built beyond the pit lane, whose curved shapes on the upper floor and stairwell emulate the old S-shaped logo of the Fichtel und Sachs company .
The "short connection" or "cross bar" directly behind the inner stand created a route variant of 2.638 km in length. This “small course” is not used for Formula 1 , motorcycle or Superbike World Championship races, but is used by many other series. In addition to public drives, many automobile tests are also held on the small course. A copy was even built in Papenburg .
On April 7, 1968, two-time Formula 1 world champion Jim Clark had a fatal accident in a Formula 2 race with his Lotus when he probably hit a tree after a puncture. The route was then bordered with guard rails. Brake chicanes were added later, and the northern one near Clark's scene of the accident was named after him. The monument erected there was relocated after the renovation.
The Formula 1 circus made its first stop in Hockenheim in 1970 (winner Jochen Rindt ) because the drivers had boycotted the Nürburgring and its Nordschleife at short notice. Since this could not be rebuilt sufficiently safely later , the Grand Prix of Germany, organized by the AvD , took place in the Electoral Palatinate from 1977 (winner Niki Lauda ), with the exception of 1985, when the newly opened Nürburgring GP circuit was driven once. After Patrick Depailler's fatal accident during test drives in 1980, the fast east corner was defused by a chicane.
In 1992 the chicanes of the course were rebuilt, the Clark and Senna chicane were made a little slower. The east curve chicane was fundamentally rebuilt, it was now to drive right-left and both slower and more extensive.
Rebuild in 2002
From February 2002, the length of the former high-speed line was drastically reduced, and an enlarged south stand and the new Mercedes stand with a view of the north bend were built. A tight combination of curves in the northern area and a hairpin after the long Parabolika created new overtaking opportunities for the Formula 1 cars. In addition, the route should become more profitable: the addition of a further grandstand in the Motodrom at the level of the south curve and the construction of the Mercedes grandstand increased the audience capacity from 83,000 to 120,000; to show. Since the state of Baden-Württemberg contributed financially to the renovation, the official name has been Hockenheimring Baden-Württemberg since 2002 .
The 70-year-old former forest stretch was partially reforested after protests.
East curve chicane of the old Hockenheimring 1998
In the course of this conversion, the small course was also modified; At the end of the crossbar, a new chicane was created that greatly reduces the speed before turning onto the big track and, depending on the vehicle class, extends the overall lap times by up to 4 seconds. At 2.604 km, this route variant is slightly shorter than the still existing chicanery-free version.
As the renovation work cost more than 60 million euros, the entrance fees were increased accordingly, which prevented many spectators from continuing to visit the track for Formula 1 races. The construction costs could not be repaid, which drastically worsened the financial situation of Hockenheimring GmbH. In this context, an agreement had to be made at the end of 2006, stating that Formula 1 should alternate with the Nürburgring annually from 2007 when the German GP is held, as the Hockenheimring GmbH was able to make a profit in practically no race and through if the race continued to be held annually, the debt would grow even further. This contract was initially valid until 2010 and was then extended until 2018.
In 2019 there was initially no Formula 1 race at the Hockenheimring because they could not agree on the financial conditions. Ultimately, the 2019 German Grand Prix took place on July 28th at the Hockenheimring.
In the spring of 2004, an ADAC driving safety center (FSZ) was opened on an area of around 11 hectares between the crossbar of the small course and the Mercedes grandstand . Up to the summer of 2018, 42 training programs for almost all types of vehicles were offered in six training modules. The site has meanwhile been built on by emodrom bau + grund GmbH.
In October 2019, the building and the associated handling course were officially handed over to Porsche by emodrom bau + Grund GmbH. The Experience Center has an area of around 180,000 m².
In 1970 the Hockenheimring appeared for the first time in the Formula 1 racing calendar as the Grand Prix of Germany ; from 1977 to 2008 the Grand Prix of Germany took place almost every year at the Hockenheimring, and since 2009 it has alternated with the Nürburgring . Since the "re-establishment" of the DTM in 2000, the opening race and the final have taken place at the Hockenheimring. Only in the 2010 season did the DTM finale take place on the Shanghai Pudong Street Circuit .
The so-called NitrolympX , a drag racing event where acceleration races are held, has taken place once a year since 1986 . For this purpose, there is a special straight line for drag races with a length of a quarter mile (around 402 m), which starts in the area of the south stand and ends behind the Mercedes stand. A similar event is the Public Race Days, which will take place for the tenth time in 2014. In contrast to the NitrolympX, however, ordinary, street-legal cars and private drivers drive on the Public Race Days, who are also allowed to take part without a racing license for a fee.
In addition, motorcycle sport events such as the finals of the International German Motorcycle Championship and events for historic vehicles take place on the Hockenheimring every year . In 2004, the LG Super Racing Weekend ( SRW ) was hosted at the Hockenheimring. Since 2007, Formula Student Germany has also been held at the Hockenheimring, an innovation competition for pure student teams organized by Formula Student Germany eV.
In addition to the motorsport events, the Hockenheimring hosts large open-air concerts and running events. For example, in addition to the Hockenheimring race , the BASF Company Cup , which has been held annually since 2003 and with around 15,000 participants and 750 participating companies, is one of the largest events of its kind in Germany. During the warm season, the Hockenheimring is open to inline skates, skateboards, bicycles and the like at the "Fit on Track" event about once a month on a Tuesday evening from 6pm to 10pm. open. In June 2012, the organizer of the Rock am Ring festival announced that it was considering a change from the Nürburgring to the Hockenheimring, as neither the state of Rhineland-Palatinate nor the operator of the Nürburgring wanted to give binding commitments for the use of the festival site in 2013 . At the end of July 2012, however, the organizer of the festival and the then insolvent, state-owned Nürburgring GmbH agreed to keep the event site without setting an exact date for 2013. Instead, the Rock'n'Heim festival will take place on the premises.
- since 2002
- Length of the GP course: 4.574 km
- Length of the small course: 2.605 km
- Route length Small course with chicane Entry GP course: 2.589 km
- Asphalt width min. 8.5 m; Max. 18.5 m
- Audience capacity: around 120,000
- Fixed grandstands: LBBW main grandstand, north grandstand, south grandstand, inner grandstand, Mercedes grandstand
- Temporary grandstands: hairpin 1 and 2, entrance Parabolika, standing room Parabolika
- Number of laps at the F1 GP: 67 - total race distance: 306.458 km
- Number of laps in DTM: 37 - race distance: 169.238 km
- Lap record Formula 1: 1: 13.780 min. = 223.182 km / h ( Kimi Räikkönen , McLaren - Mercedes , 2004)
- DTM lap record: 1: 28.972 min., 2019, Philipp Eng (BMW)
- Dragster records ( Top Fuel Dragster):
- Rico Anthes Quartermile (402 m): 3.882 seconds, top speed 501.17 km / h, 2018, Liam Jones (GBR)
- 1000ft (305 m): 3.939 sec., Top speed 486.91 km / h, 2016, Anita Mäkelä (FIN)
- before the renovation
- Length of the Grand Prix course (cars): 6,825 meters
- Length of the Grand Prix course (motorcycles): 6793 meters
- Small course: 2639 meters
- Lap record Formula 1: 1: 41.591 min. = 241.498 km / h ( Riccardo Patrese , Williams - Renault , 1992)
All winners of Formula 1 races at the Hockenheimring
Old route (1970-2001)
|No.||year||driver||constructor||engine||tires||time||Route length||Round||Ø pace||date||GP of|
|1||1970||Jochen Rindt||lotus||ford||F.||1: 42: 00,300 h||6.789 km||50||199.667 km / h||2nd Aug||Germany|
|2||1977||Niki Lauda||Ferrari||Ferrari||G||1: 31: 48.620 h||6.789 km||47||208.528 km / h||July 31|
|3||1978||Mario Andretti||lotus||ford||G||1: 28: 00,900 h||6.789 km||45||208.263 km / h||30th July|
|4th||1979||Alan Jones||Williams||ford||G||1: 24: 48.830 h||6.789 km||45||216.124 km / h||29th of July|
|5||1980||Jacques Laffite||Ligier||ford||G||1: 22: 59.730 h||6.789 km||45||220.859 km / h||10 Aug|
|6th||1981||Nelson Piquet||Brabham||ford||G||1: 25: 55,600 h||6.789 km||45||213.325 km / h||2nd Aug|
|7th||1982||Patrick Tambay||Ferrari||Ferrari||G||1: 27: 25.178 h||6.797 km||45||209.929 km / h||Aug 8|
|8th||1983||René Arnoux||Ferrari||Ferrari||G||1: 27: 10.319 h||6.797 km||45||210.525 km / h||7 Aug|
|9||1984||Alain Prost||McLaren||Porsche ( TAG )||M.||1: 24: 43.210 h||6.797 km||44||211.804 km / h||5th Aug|
|10||1986||Nelson Piquet||Williams||Honda||G||1: 22: 08.263 h||6.797 km||44||218.463 km / h||22nd of July|
|11||1987||Nelson Piquet||Williams||Honda||G||1: 21: 25.091 h||6.797 km||44||220.394 km / h||July 26th|
|12||1988||Ayrton Senna||McLaren||Honda||G||1: 32: 54.188 h||6.797 km||44||193.148 km / h||24th July|
|13||1989||Ayrton Senna||McLaren||Honda||G||1: 21: 43.302 h||6.797 km||45||224.566 km / h||30th July|
|14th||1990||Ayrton Senna||McLaren||Honda||G||1: 20: 47.164 h||6.802 km||45||227.334 km / h||29th of July|
|15th||1991||Nigel Mansell||Williams||Renault||G||1: 19: 29.661 h||6.802 km||45||231.028 km / h||July 28th|
|16||1992||Nigel Mansell||Williams||Renault||G||1: 18: 22.032 h||6.815 km||45||234.798 km / h||July 26th|
|17th||1993||Alain Prost||Williams||Renault||G||1: 18: 40.885 h||6.815 km||45||233.861 km / h||July 25th|
|18th||1994||Gerhard Berger||Ferrari||Ferrari||G||1: 22: 37.272 h||6.823 km||45||222.971 km / h||July 31|
|19th||1995||Michael sSchumacher||Benetton||Renault||G||1: 22: 56.043 h||6.823 km||45||222.130 km / h||30th July|
|20th||1996||Damon Hill||Williams||Renault||G||1: 21: 43.417 h||6.823 km||45||225.420 km / h||July 28th|
|21st||1997||Gerhard Berger||Benetton||Renault||G||1: 20: 59.046 h||6.823 km||45||227.478 km / h||July 27th|
|22nd||1998||Mika Hakkinen||McLaren||Mercedes||B.||1: 20: 47.984 h||6.823 km||45||227.997 km / h||2nd Aug|
|23||1999||Eddie Irvine||Ferrari||Ferrari||B.||1: 21: 58.594 h||6.823 km||45||224.724 km / h||1 Aug|
|24||2000||Rubens Barrichello||Ferrari||Ferrari||B.||1: 25: 34.418 h||6.825 km||45||215.341 km / h||30th July|
|25th||2001||Ralf Schumacher||Williams||BMW||M.||1: 18: 17.873 h||6.825 km||45||235.351 km / h||29th of July|
Driver: Nelson Piquet / Ayrton Senna (3 each) • Driver nations: Brazil (7) • Constructors: Williams (8) • Engine manufacturer: Ferrari / Renault (6 each) • Tire manufacturer: Goodyear (19)
Shortened route (since 2002)
|No.||year||driver||constructor||engine||tires||time||Route length||Round||Ø pace||date||GP of|
|1||2002||Michael sSchumacher||Ferrari||Ferrari||B.||1: 27: 52.078 h||4.574 km||67||209.263 km / h||July 28th||Germany|
|2||2003||Juan Pablo Montoya||Williams||BMW||M.||1: 28: 48.769 h||4.574 km||67||207.036 km / h||3 Aug|
|3||2004||Michael sSchumacher||Ferrari||Ferrari||B.||1: 23: 54.848 h||4.574 km||66||215.852 km / h||July 25th|
|4th||2005||Fernando Alonso||Renault||Renault||M.||1: 26: 28.599 h||4.574 km||67||212.629 km / h||24th July|
|5||2006||Michael sSchumacher||Ferrari||Ferrari||B.||1: 27: 51.693 h||4.574 km||67||209.278 km / h||30th July|
|6th||2008||Lewis Hamilton||McLaren||Mercedes||B.||1: 31: 20.874 h||4.574 km||67||201.290 km / h||20th of July|
|7th||2010||Fernando Alonso||Ferrari||Ferrari||B.||1: 27: 38.864 h||4.574 km||67||209.788 km / h||July 25th|
|8th||2012||Fernando Alonso||Ferrari||Ferrari||P||1: 31: 05.862 h||4.574 km||67||201.844 km / h||22nd of July|
|9||2014||Nico Rosberg||Mercedes||Mercedes||P||1: 33: 42.914 h||4.574 km||67||196.206 km / h||20th of July|
|10||2016||Lewis Hamilton||Mercedes||Mercedes||P||1: 30: 44,200 h||4.574 km||67||202.647 km / h||July 31|
|11||2018||Lewis Hamilton||Mercedes||Mercedes||P||1: 32: 29.845 h||4.574 km||67||198.789 km / h||22nd of July|
|12||2019||Max Verstappen||Red Bull||Honda||P||1: 44: 31.275 h||4.574 km||64||168.044 km / h||July 28th|
Drivers: Fernando Alonso / Lewis Hamilton / Michael Schumacher (3 each) • Driver nations: Germany (4) • Constructors: Ferrari (5) • Engine manufacturers: Ferrari (5) • Tire manufacturers: Pirelli (6), Bridgestone (5)
A plaque on the Hockenheim-Ring commemorates the two-time Formula 1 World Champion Jim Clark , who died in an accident on April 7, 1968 during a Formula 2 European Championship round. The actual site of the accident with a memorial stone is outside the race track, which was shortened in 2002, in the forest at the level of the former first chicane on the Hardtbach. There is also a small memorial there.
The Hockenheimring has an event radio that is operated on the FM frequency 92.4 MHz with 500 W ERP. The transmitting antenna is located 45 meters above the ground on a precast concrete tower.
- Eberhard Reuß: Hockenheimring: The history of the legendary race track , Delius Klasing Verlag , Bielefeld 2008, ISBN 978-3-7688-1967-1 .
- Ernst Christ, Dr. Kurt Buchter, Wilhelm Herz: Hockenheimring: biography of a race track / sports chronicle 1932–1981 , published by Hockenheimring GmbH.
- Eberhard Reuß: Time Lapse - 25 Years Motodrom Hockenheim Schimper, Schwetzingen 1991, ISBN 3-87742-056-7 .
- Official website
- Onboard video (one lap GP course, MP4 , 9.7 MB)
- "29. May 1932: The first race takes place at the Hockenheimring " , SWR2 -Zeitwort, May 29, 2007, downloadable RTF file, 2 pages.
- Ernst Christ: How Hockenheim came to a race track - a documentation , publisher: Badischer Motorsportclub e. V., 1978
- Ernst Christ, Dr. Kurt Buchter, Wilhelm Herz: Hockenheimring: biography of a race track / sports chronicle 1932–1981 , published by Hockenheimring GmbH
- Eberhard Reuß: Hockenheimring: The history of the legendary race track , Ed. Delius Klasing Verlag, ISBN 978-3-7688-1967-1
- See Daniel Bartetzko: Der Hockenheimring, in: moderneREGIONAL 1, 2014  .
- Handling course
- Hockenheim: Now things are going at full speed , Motorsport-Total.com on September 30, 2009
- No Formula 1 in Hockenheim in the coming year , rnz.de, June 27, 2018
- red: Hockenheimring: Porsche builds seventh Experience Center. In: stuttgarter-zeitung.de. April 27, 2018, archived from the original on June 3, 2020 .
- "Hockenheimring: Events Motorsport" (hockenheimring.net on February 12, 2011)
- "Hockenheimring: Music, Sports & More". (No longer available online.) Hockenheimring.net, February 12, 2011, archived from the original on June 26, 2012 ; Retrieved June 19, 2012 .
- "Mainz: State and ring operator argue about 'Rock am Ring'". SWR, June 18, 2012, accessed June 19, 2012 .
- "Nürburg: Apparently the green light for 'Rock am Ring'". SWR, July 31, 2012, accessed August 1, 2012 .