|Companies||Williams Grand Prix Engineering Ltd.|
Grove , UK
|Team boss||Frank Williams|
|driver||( Nicholas Latifi (63) George Russell
Jack Aitken Jamie Chadwick Roy Nissany Daniel Ticktum
|engine||Mercedes-Benz 1.6 V6 Turbo|
|First Grand Prix||Spain 1977|
|Constructors' championship||9 ( 1980 , 1981 , 1986 , 1987 , 1992 , 1993 , 1994 , 1996 , 1997 )|
|Drivers World Championship||7 (1980, 1982 , 1987, 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997)|
|Position 2019||10. (1 point)|
|(As of: Spanish Grand Prix 2020)|
The Williams F1 Team is a British racing team based in Grove , England , which has been active in Formula 1 since 1977 . The founder and majority owner is Frank Williams , who competed in Formula 1 with the Frank Williams Racing Cars team from 1968 to 1975 . With 114 Grand Prix victories , seven drivers 'and nine constructors' titles, Williams F1 is one of the most successful constructors in the history of Formula 1 and, in particular, was the most successful team of the 1990s. In the 21st century, however, Williams could no longer build on the earlier successes. The last title win is now more than 20 years ago ( 1997 , Jacques Villeneuve ). In the 2020 season , the team will compete as Williams Racing with drivers Nicholas Latifi and George Russell . The racing team, which has been run as a family business for decades, was taken over by a US investment company in August 2020.
In 1966, Frank Williams founded the Frank Williams Racing Cars racing team . The team used Formula 3 and Formula 2 cars with drivers like Piers Courage , Richard Burton , Tetsu Ikuzawa and Tony Trimmer . With a purchased Brabham chassis and Piers Courage, Williams competed in Formula 1 from 1969 . In the following years, Frank Williams entered into partnerships with De Tomaso , Politoys and Iso Rivolta , which enabled him to build his own racing cars: Williams went from being a customer team to being a designer. The expectations of their own cars were not fulfilled: Williams was overwhelmed with the task of designing, maintaining and further developing the racing cars. Iso, itself faced with economic difficulties as a result of the oil crisis , did not pay the agreed amounts. The situation of the team was financially "bad to desolate" in the mid-1970s. At that time, Frank Williams was considered a “starving Formula 1” man, who took over used tires from Ferrari's waste disposal site and had to conduct business calls from a telephone booth because the connection to his factory had been disconnected due to unpaid bills. Marlboro ensured economic survival in 1974; after the sponsor's withdrawal, however, the situation worsened. Frank Williams was several £ 100,000 in debt; He financed the racing team in the 1975 season primarily through Paydriver : In the course of the year eight drivers took turns in one of the Williams cars. At the end of 1975, Williams was on the verge of collapse. Frank Williams then sold 60 percent of the team to oil magnate Walter Wolf , who also redeemed all of the company's debts and Frank Williams' personal liabilities. The racing team was renamed Walter Wolf Racing in the spring of 1976 . Frank Williams was responsible for racing operations as Wolf's employee that year. At the end of 1976, after persistent failures, Frank Williams and his former employee Patrick Head left the company and together with him founded the Williams Grand Prix Engineering racing team , which was located in a former carpet warehouse in Didcot, England.
For three decades the company was owned by Frank Williams and his family and Patrick Head. In November 2009 the Austrian investor and racing driver Toto Wolff acquired a minority stake in Williams F1 with his Marchsixteen investment company. Since then, Wolff has also been a member of the team's executive board . Wolff became team boss of the Mercedes team in 2013 and sold his shares in Williams in several tranches until March 2016 to the US investor Brad Hollinger . The company has been listed on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange since March 2011. In 2017, 51.3% of the company's shares were owned by Frank Williams, 11.7% by Brad Hollinger, and 9.3% by Patrick Head; 24.1% were in free float and 3.6% of the shares belong to an employee fund.
History of the team
Frank Williams and Patrick Head set out with a team of six to take part in the Formula 1 World Cup as independent designers. This had already happened with types FW01 to FW05 , but without success. In view of the advantages of a FOCA membership linked to the designer's characteristic , Williams did not want to contest Grand Prix races with customer chassis even after his restart.
The new beginning
It was not yet possible to build a car for the 1977 season. Frank Williams therefore had to use a customer car again in the first season of his new team. The team took over a used 761 from March Engineering . A few months earlier , Ronnie Peterson had won the Italian Grand Prix for the March factory team with a vehicle of this type . March ran the car under the internal designation 761/7 and claimed it was a completely rebuilt car. However, it is doubtful whether this is the case. In any case, Frank Williams expresses the suspicion in a biography that it was actually a March 741 from 1974 that March Engineering had subsequently brought to the level of a 761; According to Williams, this was one of the reasons for the paint residue on the car, which corresponded to the paintwork of the March factory car from 1974.
The race in the 1977 season was initially financed with a bank loan from Barclays in the amount of £ 30,000. The Saudi Arabian airline, Saudi Arabian Airlines, provided the team with the same amount of support , which became a reliable sponsor of the racing team over the next five years. The team's driver brought more money. Initially, the Finn Mikko Kozarowitzky tried to get the Williams cockpit, but Williams ultimately hired Belgian Patrick Nève , who had contacts with the Belgian brewery Belle-Vue and from there made a total of £ 100,000 available to the team. Nève had little Formula 1 experience. His Formula 1 debut took place on the occasion of the Belgian Grand Prix in 1976 when he drove a used Brabham BT44 for the private RAM Racing team . Nève was able to qualify there, but was eliminated early in the race due to a technical defect.
Williams made his debut at the start of the European season at the Spanish Grand Prix in Jarama . Nève was able to qualify here. He started from 22nd place and finished the race four laps behind in 12th place. Nève qualified seven times at the following ten Grand Prix. He crossed the finish line six times, but always stayed outside of the points in the races. He achieved his best result at the Italian Grand Prix in Monza , which he finished seventh. The team skipped the last race of the season in Japan.
Frank Williams' new car was presented in early 1978. In terms of nomenclature, the car followed on from the previous models that had been used by Williams Racing Cars, so that it was given the designation FW06 . It was a conservatively designed car that was not yet designed according to the principles of the ground effect : since Patrick Head had not had enough time to research this phenomenon in detail in the past six months, he decided not to make half-hearted copies of other cars for his first car and reserved the ground effect for later cars.
At the same time, Frank Williams managed to find further sponsors. Frank Williams first tried to find an established driver for his team. He spoke to Hans-Joachim Stuck , Jochen Mass and Riccardo Patrese . Nobody was ready to drive for Williams. Ultimately, the Australian Alan Jones was persuaded to join Williams; Jones had won the Austrian Grand Prix for Shadow Racing Cars last year . The signing of Jones was a decision the team should never regret, as the combination of the FW06 with Alan Jones at the wheel soon turned out to be serious competition. For Patrick Head and Williams, Alan Jones was always the driver against whom later - and especially younger - pilots had to be measured.
The FW06 made its debut in the opening race of the 1978 season in Argentina. Here Jones qualified the car for 14th place on the grid. That put him one place ahead of Jody Scheckter in Wolf Racing's car . In the race, however, Jones retired with a defective fuel pump.
The tires were a particular problem this year. Goodyear only provided qualifying tires to a few teams. Williams wasn't one of them. Since Alan Jones had to compete in qualifying with racing tires, he was usually only able to qualify for the back half of the field. In the races, however, all teams had (more or less) the same tire quality. Here Jones showed impressive commitment. Already in the second race of the season, the Grand Prix of the USA (West), Jones temporarily drove to second place and repeatedly attacked Carlos Reutemann in a Ferrari , who was driving in front of him . The duel ended when the FW06 engine stalled and Jones was thrown far back. In the course of the season Jones drove one or two championship points. He achieved his best result at the Grand Prix of the USA (East) in Watkins Glen , where he finished second after a tough race and was able to secure the first podium position for the young team. This season Williams scored 11 championship points and was ninth in the constructors' championship with the Arrows Racing team .
In 1979, Jones stayed with Williams as a driver and got Clay Regazzoni as a teammate. The team's breakthrough came in 1979 at the Grand Prix of Great Britain , when Jones had to give up the lead, but Regazzoni took the victory in the end. For Frank Williams this was the very first Formula 1 victory that would herald a triumphant advance, as Jones won four of the remaining six races of the season.
Finally a top team: victories and title wins
In 1980 Williams achieved its greatest success to date: the team provided the drivers 'world championship with Alan Jones and also won the constructors' championship by a clear margin.
Before the start of the season, Williams increased his performance. The tried and tested FW07, known from the previous year, received a firmer monocoque and an aerodynamically improved underbody. In view of these modifications, it was named FW 07B. There were also changes on the driver side. Williams held on to Alan Jones; Clay Regazzoni's contract, however, was not renewed. Frank Williams thought Regazzoni was a good “number two”, but didn't see him as a top driver. In order to improve the results of the team overall, Williams wanted to sign two top drivers for the first time. The choice fell on the Argentine Carlos Reutemann .
Williams was a very reliable team in 1980. Alan Jones only suffered four retirements, Reutemann only three. The Williams team has six wins this season, five of which are Alan Jones and Carlos Reutemann one victory.
Throughout the season, Jones fought with Brabham driver Nelson Piquet for the lead in the overall standings. The drivers' world championship remained open until the last race of the year. After the third to last run in Italy , Piquet led the championship standings with 54 points; Jones was one point behind. At the penultimate race in Canada , Jones and Piquet were on the front row. After the start, Jones pushed his competitor into the guardrails and caused a pile-up, whereupon the race was canceled. After the restart, Piquet was leading Jones for 24 laps, but then retired due to an engine failure. Jones finished the race as the winner and was now eight world championship points ahead of Piquet. Mathematically, the Brazilian was still able to become world champion. However, that presupposed that he had to win the last race of the season in the United States , while Jones was not allowed to score there. But it didn't come to that. At Watkins Glen, Piquet retired after 25 laps due to a driving error and Jones won the race ahead of Reutemann.
Jones finished the season with 71 (or 67 points deleted), clearly ahead of Piquet, who was runner-up with 54 points. The Williams team was in first place in the constructors' championship with 120 points.
The 1981 season was also a successful Formula 1 season for the Williams team. The modified FW07C or the FW07D, which was used from the German Grand Prix - only for Alan Jones - helped Alan Jones and Carlos Reutemann to four victories and to win the constructors' championship. The disregard of the stall orders at the Brazilian Grand Prix in Rio de Janeiro caused unrest in the team . Contrary to the team's specifications, the eventual winner Carlos Reutemann refused to swap places with Alan Jones. With this victory, Carlos Reutemann was able to take over the lead in the drivers' championship and gradually expand it, but as a result of this action received no more support from the team. So the Brabham driver Nelson Piquet was able to catch up with Reutemann and overtake Reutemann in the last two Grand Prix with two fifth places.
In 1982, with the newly developed FW08, the team set itself the goal of becoming the first racing team to win the constructors' championship for the third time in a row. Even if they just missed this goal, the Finn Keke Rosberg , who was newly signed to the resigned Alan Jones, managed to win the drivers' world championship in a final that was exciting up to the last moment.
In search of better competitiveness, Williams went unusual ways. In 1982 Frank Dernie designed the Williams FW08B , a Formula 1 car with six wheels. Unlike the Tyrrell P34 , the car had a conventional front axle and instead had two driven rear axles. The car was tested in autumn 1982 and offered convincing traction; Since the regulations limited the number of wheels in a Formula 1 car to four from 1983 onwards, the project ended without the FW08B ever being used in a race.
In the early 1980s, the era of naturally aspirated motors in motorsport was slowly coming to an end, and the 1983 season was an increasing challenge for the Williams team, which initially stuck to Cosworth engines. Although Keke Rosberg succeeded once more in winning the Monaco Grand Prix on a “grand scale”, the days of naturally aspirated engines had expired, so Frank Williams entered into a new cooperation with Honda : From autumn 1983 the team received exclusively Japanese turbo engines, the had been tried out in the small British racing team Spirit since the beginning of the season . The Anglo-Japanese turbo car celebrated its racing premiere on the circuit in Kyalami in South Africa .
The Williams-Honda era
In 1984 the team learned to work with the new turbobolids and crowned their efforts with Rosberg's victory in Dallas. At the same time, the team moved into custom-made new racing workshops just under 2 kilometers outside of its original company headquarters in Didcot.
In 1985 the team was given an exciting new look: Keke Rosberg got a new driver colleague in Nigel Mansell and the new chassis made of carbon fiber reinforced plastic for the FW10 was powered by a Honda engine. After an initial phase of getting used to it, but also numerous technical defects, new triumphs could soon be achieved. In addition to Rosberg's fastest qualifying lap in qualifying for the British Grand Prix, the two Williams drivers achieved positions in the top three together four times. Rosberg won the USA East Grand Prix and Mansell celebrated his first two Formula 1 victories in a row at Brands Hatch and Kyalami, with the latter also adding the fastest race lap and pole position. Williams closed the successful season with a laughing and a crying eye: Mansell was out, while Rosberg was able to record a victory there - at the same time his last in Formula 1.
Immediately before the 1986 season opener, the Williams racing team had to deal with a severe blow. On the way back from test drives on the Circuit Paul Ricard in Le Castellet, France, Frank Williams was involved in a traffic accident. The consequences of the accident nearly cost Frank Williams his life and put him in a wheelchair forever. Nevertheless, after his recovery, he took over the management of the racing team again. In 1986 the former Brazilian world champion Nelson Piquet joined the team as a new addition from Brabham . Already on his debut in Brazil, he showed his skills in handling the new FW11 and achieved his first victory. This season the team was able to win a total of nine races and thus win the coveted constructors' championship. The recognizable superiority of the FW11 chassis also led to difficulties within the team: both drivers claimed number 1 status for themselves. The drivers' world championship went to Alain Prost in a dramatic season finale in Adelaide , who profited from a tire damage on Mansell's FW11 and secured the race victory. Nelson Piquet, who at this point still had a chance of winning the drivers' title, finished second in this race, as Williams Piquet forced a tire change pit stop after the tire damage on Mansell's FW11 for safety reasons .
This success continued in the 1987 season, when the team with the slightly modified FW11 - referred to as FW11B - again achieved nine victories (Mansell with six and Piquet with three first places). This year they won the title not only in the constructors 'championship, but also in the drivers' championship. Piquet won his third world championship title and Mansell finished second for the second time in a row. Mansell did not appear after a training accident both in the penultimate race in Suzuka and in the season finale in Adelaide. He was replaced in Adelaide by the then Brabham BMW driver Riccardo Patrese , who was recommended by Bernie Ecclestone .
In 1988 , Williams was facing many changes. Mansell got an extremely experienced new driver colleague in the form of the Italian Riccardo Patrese and the four-year collaboration with Honda was discontinued. Honda was only able to supply two Formula 1 teams for 1988 , these were McLaren and Lotus . The new bolide, the FW12, was powered by a 3.5 liter Judd naturally aspirated engine. Like its predecessor, the FW12 had active suspension, which, however, proved to be error-prone and unreliable. Not least because of this, the 1988 season was marked by persistent mechanical problems. So Mansell's second places at Silverstone and Jerez and Patreses season best with fourth place in Adelaide were all the more important. In addition, Williams had to do without the sick Mansell for two races. Martin Brundle stood in for Mansell at the Belgian Grand Prix, Jean-Louis Schlesser at the Italian Grand Prix in Monza. Mansell left the team late in 1988 to Ferrari .
Frank Williams soon realized that a cooperation with a larger engine manufacturer was inevitable. This goal was achieved in July 1988 when a three-year contract was signed with Renault, whose new V10 engine was from now on built into the Williams chassis. The original exclusive contract was limited to the 1989 season , but at the Canadian Grand Prix Renault announced that Williams would continue to be the sole beneficiary of its engines for the next two years.
The Williams-Renault Era: A Decade of Success
The technical director Patrick Head then designed the new chassis of the FW13 especially for the new Renault engine. Belgian driver Thierry Boutsen joined Williams in 1989 as a replacement for Nigel Mansell and drove in a team with Riccardo Patrese .
The 1990 season began with Boutsen's third place in Phoenix, which he scored in his new FW13B. In the third race of the year in San Marino, Patrese scored his third Formula 1 victory. The previous one was seven years ago. Boutsen secured his first pole position in Hungary and clinched a start-to-finish victory. With these two wins and further places on the front rows Williams finished the season in fourth in the constructors' championship.
In the middle of the 1990 season, Nigel Mansell resigned after a disappointing race at the British Grand Prix. At this point in time, Mansell had already recorded 15 Formula 1 victories. Frank Williams, however, managed to get Mansell to rethink and to sign him again for Williams. Mansell has now become the most successful Williams driver. Mansell was able to get a first impression of the FW13B in Estoril on November 20, 1990. The successor model, the FW14, offered advanced technology that Patrick Head and Adrian Newey , who had meanwhile also joined the design team , had developed. The car was equipped with a new Renault RS3 engine and a semi-automatic manual transmission.
The 1991 Canon-sponsored team proved to be a successful combination with Mansell's five wins and Patreses's two wins. The team was the only one to put McLaren under serious pressure that season, finishing second in both the Constructors 'and Drivers' Championships, with Mansell second and Patrese third.
The turning point came with the 1992 season . In the first race in South Africa, Mansell and Patrese drove the FW14B with active suspension to the finish line first and second.
With this victory, Mansell started a personal winning streak. He became the first Formula 1 racing driver to win the first five races of a season in a row. He also became the first driver to win a total of nine races in one season and achieved pole position 14 times. Riccardo Patrese, on the other hand, who drove almost at the level of Mansell the year before, was now clearly number 2 in the team.
With his second place on the Hungaroring, Mansell secured the driver's title early on and thus became the first British Formula 1 world champion since James Hunt's triumph in 1976 . Williams F1 had already won the constructors' championship at the Belgian Grand Prix of the same year, giving Renault its first championship title in the premier class of motorsport. This successful year was rounded off with Patreses second place in the drivers' championship.
For the 1993 season , the driver's seats at Williams were newly occupied. The three-time French world champion Alain Prost and the official test driver, Damon Hill , replaced Mansell and Patrese. They built on the success of the two and successfully defended the designer's title. Prost won his fourth world title and Hill celebrated his first Grand Prix victory at the Hungaroring. By winning his fourth championship, Prost decided to end his career after the 1993 season. With that he opened the way for the three-time world champion Ayrton Senna to join the Williams team. The 1994 season saw a new team, Rothmans Williams Renault, who sent drivers Ayrton Senna and Damon Hill into the race and had a talented third driver with their new official test driver David Coulthard .
In the 1994 season , Williams FW16 got a completely new paint job with the new main sponsor Rothmans . Hill started with the starting number 0 because Alain Prost resigned after his world championship title in 1993 and the rules state that the starting number 1 of the world champion remains free.
Ayrton Senna had a fatal accident in Imola in the third Grand Prix of the season . He was leading the race when his car flew off the track in the Tamburello bend, apparently rudderless, and smashed against an unprotected concrete wall.
As a sign of respect, Williams only sent one car into the race at the next Monaco Grand Prix. Four weeks after the accident in Imola, Damon Hill won the Spanish Grand Prix in Barcelona and spontaneously dedicated the victory to Ayrton Senna and the entire team.
In this race, as in the remaining eight other races of the season, David Coulthard took second place on the grid next to Damon Hill. In four other races of the season, Nigel Mansell took the wheel in the second car. He traveled from the USA for the Grand Prix in France, Spain, Japan and Australia, where he took part in the Indy Car racing series. After his victory in Barcelona Hill was able to take another five wins, but had to admit defeat to Michael Schumacher in the drivers' championship due to a missing point. He had secured the drivers' championship after a controversial collision with Hill in the last race in Adelaide. Mansell won the race itself. The team was able to successfully defend the design engineer title.
In the 1995 season , the drivers Hill and Coulthard contested the races in the new FW17. Together they achieved five victories, of which the young Scot celebrated his first at the Portuguese Grand Prix. In the battle for the drivers' championship, Hill was the only driver in the field who could really hold a candle to Schumacher. In the end, Hill had to admit defeat to the German when he successfully defended his title when Schumacher won the world championship with his victory in Aida. Hill ended the season with a win in Adelaide.
For some time the headquarters of the Williams racing team in Didcot had become too small for the entire team. While looking for a new location, a suitable site was found in Grove in mid-1995 , which was just 17 kilometers from Didcot. During the winter months of 1995/96 the entire team moved. The final transport of the wind tunnel was carried out during the race weekend of the Grand Prix in San Marino. On October 29, 1996, Princess Anne officially inaugurated the new Grove factory.
In 1996 the son of the late Gilles Villeneuve and winner of the 1995 Indy Car series, Jacques Villeneuve , joined the team. He had already delivered impressive results in test drives in the run-up to the season. Villeneuve took pole position in the opening race in Melbourne. Damon Hill followed immediately behind in second place on the grid. The two Williams team drivers had lost more than half a second. They continued this dominance during the race. Hill won in the end and Villeneuve finished second after the Canadian surrendered his lead to his teammate in the final laps due to an oil pipe problem.
Damon Hill extended the streak of success with victories in Brazil and Argentina before Jacques Villeneuve won his first Formula 1 Grand Prix at the Nürburgring. The team won 12 of the 16 races that year. Damon Hill took eight first places and Jacques Villeneuve four. Williams had already won the design engineer title at the Hungarian Grand Prix.
Damon Hill also led the drivers' championship from start to finish. Jacques Villeneuve followed closely on his heels. The final decision remained open until the last race in Suzuka. While Damon Hill only needed one point for the world title, Jacques Villeneuve had to win. Damon Hill took a start-to-finish victory, while Jacques Villeneuve had to end the race early. Damon Hill had won his first and for the team the sixth driver title.
In 1997 the German Heinz-Harald Frentzen joined the team as the second driver alongside Jacques Villeneuve. At halftime, the team was still behind the leading Ferrari team despite their best efforts. At the race in Silverstone, the team achieved the 100th victory in Formula 1. It was the same circuit where the first victory had been achieved 18 years earlier.
At the 14th race in Austria, the team regained the top of the table and stayed there until the end of the season. The ninth and, for the time being, last constructor's title was won at the Japanese Grand Prix, with which Williams had set a new record.
In an exciting final in Jerez, Villeneuve's rival, Michael Schumacher, tried to shoot the Canadian off the piste with a ram. However, he retired himself and Villeneuve dragged his damaged car to third place.
Schumacher was then deprived of all 78 season points and Jacques Villeneuve became world driver champion.
Partnership with Supertec
In the first race of the 1998 season in Australia, the McLaren team was superior. Many changes to the regulations had forced the teams to redesign. The width of the bolides was reduced from two to 1.8 meters, stricter crash tests and grooved tires were prescribed.
After a successful collaboration with a total of nine joint titles, Renault had withdrawn from Formula 1 and Williams F1 had to look for a new engine supplier. Initially, the team used the former Renault engines from the previous year, modified under the name Mecachrome / Supertec, before the new technical partner, BMW, returned to Formula 1 in 2000. Without an engine manufacturer as a partner, the team struggled to keep up with the top. With the FW20, the team was able to take third place in the constructors' championship.
The reigning CART world champion Alex Zanardi and Ralf Schumacher joined the team with a completely new driver line-up . Switching from the CART series to Formula 1 was not easy for Zanardi and he was unable to score a championship point during the season. Ralf Schumacher regularly finished in the points and had a chance of winning the European Grand Prix that was thwarted by a puncture. He reached sixth place in the drivers 'championship and secured the team fifth place in the constructors' championship.
The BMW-Williams era
In 2000 BMW returned to Formula 1 as a partner of the Williams team after almost two years of preparation. Alex Zanardi has been replaced by the young Briton Jenson Button . He prevailed over Formula 3000 driver Bruno Junqueira in a shootout . In the first race of the 2000 season in Australia, Schumacher took the first podium for the new combination, which was to be followed by two more third places. Overall, the team scored 36 points and finished third in the constructors' championship behind the dominating Ferrari and McLaren .
The talent Juan Pablo Montoya , originally intended as a regular driver for the 2000 season, took over the cockpit from Jenson Button this season . He switched to Benetton-Renault, which was on the decline at the time. The 2001 season turned out to be successful for WilliamsF1, the combination between WilliamsF1 and BMW slowly seemed to work better. Although only third place was achieved in the constructors' championship again, WilliamsF1 managed to achieve four wins. Ralf Schumacher won three of these and Juan Pablo Montoya won one.
Overall, the FW23 chassis, which was only effective after a few races , turned out to be superior in combination with one of the most powerful engines in the field, especially on high-speed tracks such as the old Hockenheimring and Monza . There was only a lack of reliability: a total of 11 times the drivers did not see the checkered flag due to technical defects - 5 of them alone due to engine damage in the BMW engine, which was rated as very powerful.
The 2002 season did not go as expected for the team around Frank Williams and Patrick Head. The season was contested with the same drivers as in 2001. In the first race at the Australian Grand Prix , Ralf Schumacher retired after a collision with Rubens Barrichello at the start . At the Malaysian Grand Prix was celebrated a double victory. Ralf Schumacher confidently won the race ahead of Montoya, who damaged his front wing in a collision at the start with Michael Schumacher and had to make an additional pit stop. From the Brazilian Grand Prix , Ferrari used the new F2002 car, which replaced the previous year's successful car. Montoya was able to secure pole position, but had to make an additional pit stop after a bump and only ended up in 5th place, while Ralf Schumacher was second behind his brother. In Imola Ralf Schumacher came third, Montoya fourth. In Barcelona Ralf Schumacher retired with engine failure and Montoya crossed the finish line 35 seconds behind the winner Michael Schumacher. After the Austrian GP, which ended in 3rd place (Montoya) and 4th (Schumacher), Juan Pablo Montoya's pole series began. The Colombian took pole in Monaco, Montreal, the Nürburgring, Silverstone and Magny-Cours, but could not win any of the races. In Monaco and Montreal he retired due to engine damage, Ralf Schumacher finished third in Monaco and fourth at the Nürburgring.
In England, Montoya took third place in the rain, Ralf Schumacher finished eighth and did not score any points. At the French Grand Prix in Magny-Cours the company was again unable to compete due to weak tires. Ralf Schumacher also crossed the white line at the end of the pit lane and received a 10-second penalty. In the end there were positions 4 for Montoya and 5 for R. Schumacher. At the Hockenheimring, which opened in 2002, Schumacher and Montoya took 2nd and 4th place respectively in the qualification. Ralf Schumacher had a good chance of winning, but a third pit stop threw him back to fourth place with 4 laps to go. Juan Pablo Montoya inherited position two. In Hungary, Ralf Schumacher took third place in qualifying behind the two Ferraris. Montoya struggled with the set-up and took fourth place, one second behind his teammates. In the race, Montoya destroyed the underbody of his car in a duel with Raikkonen and only finished eleventh. In Belgium Ralf Schumacher started the race from position 4, one place ahead of his team mate. Ralf spun in the race and finished fifth, Montoya was third on the podium. In Monza, Montoya once again grabbed pole position from the Schumacher brothers and Barrichello. Ralf had to retire due to an engine failure and Montoya was also unable to finish the race due to a suspension failure. The Indianapolis race didn't start very well for the White-Blue. Montoya, third in the qualification, lost his place at the start to R. Schumacher, who started 4th, and wanted to regain it at the end of the first lap. At the end of the start and finish straight, the two cars collided. After changing the rear wing, Ralf Schumacher finished the race in 16th place, JPM in fourth. In qualifying for the last race in Suzuka, Ralf Schumacher secured 5th place and Juan Pablo Montoya 6th place. 5 laps before the end, Schumacher fell out in third place with engine failure, team-mate Juan Pablo was fourth.
Juan Pablo Montoya finished the season in 3rd place with 50 points, Ralf Schumacher in 4th place with 42 points. Williams-BMW finished the season with 92 points in 2nd place in the constructors' championship behind Ferrari, but ahead of McLaren. You moved up one position compared to last year, but you could only celebrate one victory. The Ferraris, which only failed to win 2 races (the Malaysian Grand Prix and the Monaco Grand Prix ), scored 221 points and were clearly superior.
The 2003 season was the best season with BMW . The team looked very strong at the start of the season in the Australian Grand Prix . Juan Pablo Montoya led the race for 21 laps. But shortly before the end he had a spin that cost him the victory. The races from Malaysia to Austria did not go so well for the team. During this period, the decision was made to build a B version of the car, which was intended to remedy identified deficits in aerodynamics. With the FW25-B, which has radical changes compared to its ancestor FW25, the team's luck returned. Juan Pablo Montoya won the Monaco Grand Prix . At the Canadian Grand Prix , the team took 2nd place (Ralf Schumacher) and 3rd place (Montoya) behind the winner Michael Schumacher . In the next two races, the European GP and the French GP , which were held on consecutive weekends without a break, the team achieved two double victories. Ralf Schumacher won both races, with Juan Pablo Montoya having to put up with second place. Juan Pablo Montoya tried to beat his stable mate in this race by making the pit stop earlier than expected. As a result, Ralf Schumacher also preferred the pit stop, which is why Montoya was unable to get past Ralf Schumacher. Rumor has it that this is one of the many reasons why Montoya had signed a contract with McLaren at the end of the year, valid from the 2005 season , even though he still had 2004 with Williams F1 ahead of him.
While the loyalty of the two drivers for the future was questionable, the team was again a strong candidate for the Constructors' Championship. At the German Grand Prix , a collision between Ralf Schumacher and Kimi Räikkönen and Rubens Barrichello prevented a possible third double victory, because Juan Pablo Montoya won the race with a lead of 55 seconds over David Coulthard , lapping all competitors apart from the first four cars. This also included the World Cup leader Michael Schumacher. After the race, then Ferrari team boss Jean Todt admitted that he was concerned about whether they were beaten not because of the accident but because of a lack of performance. There was an exciting fight at both the constructors 'championship and the drivers' championship. Ferrari has complained to the FIA that the Michelin tires would no longer meet the requirements of the regulations after the race. After the current rules were redefined, Michelin customers had to use a different Michelin tire compound. The last three races of the season went badly for the team and Juan Pablo Montoya lost his world championship chance in the US GP . The team finished the season with 144 points in second place behind Ferrari with 158 points. Montoya finished 3rd in the drivers' world championship behind Michael Schumacher and Kimi Raikkonen, while Ralf Schumacher was pushed to 5th place by Rubens Barrichello.
Prior to the 2004 season , Montoya announced he would join McLaren-Mercedes for 2005. Also Ralf Schumacher contract expired at the end of the year, making it during the full season again speculation about the new driver line-up was. The new Williams-BMW FW26 stood out due to its unusual front design, which, however, failed to achieve the hoped-for aerodynamic improvement and was replaced by a more conventional solution in the course of the year. In terms of sport, it was a disappointing season. If you were still within striking distance of Ferrari in the first races (Montoya took 2nd place in Malaysia and 3rd place in Imola), in the course of the year you fell behind BAR-Honda and Renault . The low points were definitely the two races in North America: At the Canadian Grand Prix , both cars were disqualified due to excessive brake ventilation and Ralf Schumacher had a serious accident at the US Grand Prix . He fractured a cervical vertebra and only returned for the last three races, where he was able to claim second place ( Japanese Grand Prix ) behind his brother Michael and ahead of Jenson Button , which was his only podium finish of the year. For the 6 races between the accident and return, Schumacher was replaced by Marc Gené and Antonio Pizzonia . The only win for the Williams team came from Juan Pablo Montoya in the last race in Brazil ahead of his new team-mate at McLaren Kimi Raikkonen . Montoya finished the season with 58 points in 5th place, while Schumacher got 24 points in the 12 races and was 9th in the overall standings. Pizzonia scored 6 points. Williams-BMW ended the year in a disappointing 4th place with 88 points. Ralf Schumacher left the team just like Montoya and switched to Toyota , so that Williams had to present a new driver pairing for 2005.
The Williams team decided in 2005 to go to the start with the Australian Mark Webber and the British Jenson Button . Williams announced the return of Button in the summer of 2004, but BAR-Honda - his current team - claimed to have a valid 2005 contract with Button. This dispute, which the media dubbed Buttongate in reference to the Watergate affair, went before the Contract Recognition Board , which regulates contract disputes in Formula 1. The FIA notary's office checked Button's contract and decided that the Briton had a valid contract with BAR for 2005 - the move to Williams was thus canceled.
While looking for a new second driver, Williams had a duel organized over the winter months. The long-time test and reserve driver Antonio Pizzonia was actually the favorite in the eyes of Frank Williams and Patrick Head, but the engine partner BMW wanted a German driver and stood up for the Jordan driver Nick Heidfeld . In the tests before the season, Heidfeld clearly prevailed against Pizzonia and was second driver alongside Mark Webber. At the beginning of the season things went quite well, in the first 7 races both drivers took a total of 4 podium positions, with the highlight in Monaco when Heidfeld was 2nd ahead of Mark Webber. At the next race at the Nürburgring , Heidfeld even took pole position and finished 2nd on the podium again. In the second half of the season, the team fell further and further behind and was only able to collect a few points. Pizzonia Heidfeld's cockpit took over the last 5 races after the German suffered a tear in his right shoulder blade in a bicycle accident. Webber finished 10th in the drivers' standings, one place ahead of Heidfeld. Williams got 66 points and only ended up in 5th place in the team standings. The relationship between Williams and BMW came to a standstill. BMW complained that Williams couldn't build a World Cup car, while Frank Williams and Patrick Head complained about the supposedly too weak engine. BMW took the necessary steps , took over the Swiss Sauber team from 2006 and signed Nick Heidfeld as the number 1 driver. Williams decided to start over and turned down the customer engines from BMW offered by Mario Theissen . Instead, they trusted the eight-cylinder Cosworth.
2006: an interim year
2006 became a year of transition for Williams. They started with the Cosworth V8 engines, for which, in contrast to the BMW engines, one had to pay a large sum. In addition to the losses of some sponsors (for example Allianz SE and Hewlett-Packard ), this was one reason for the lack of further development of the car during the season. The team tried to find a factory engine for 2007, which they eventually found with Toyota .
The drivers were the Australian Mark Webber and the German newcomer Nico Rosberg . Jenson Button was originally supposed to drive for Williams in 2006 after the commitment for 2005 failed. But Button feared that Williams would have no chance without factory support and preferred to buy himself out of his contract. The new test driver was the Austrian Alexander Wurz , who previously held the same position at McLaren . They also changed tire partners and in 2006 drove with Bridgestone tires instead of Michelin tires, which they had trusted since 2001. Williams hoped to gain a head start in experience over the other Michelin teams, as Bridgestone would become the sole tire supplier in 2007.
However, the season turned into a disappointment - with 11 championship points and 8th place in the championship, the team achieved the worst result of the season since 1978 . The team suffered particularly from the car's unreliability. In the 18 races there were 20 retirements. At least at the beginning of the season, you were fast, as Nico Rosberg's fastest lap at the Bahrain Grand Prix proved. Mark Webber was on the podium at the Australian Grand Prix and the Monaco Grand Prix before the technology dashed all hopes for a good result. At the last race of the year, the Brazilian Grand Prix , Nico Rosberg and Mark Webber collided on the first lap and had to give up the race as a result. This race was exemplary for the whole season, which was marked by bankruptcies, bad luck and breakdowns.
Toyota's customer team
At the 2006 Hockenheim Grand Prix , Williams announced that Toyota would be the engine supplier for Williams from the 2007 season. The reasons for the change were primarily of a financial nature, as Cosworth demanded a higher fee for the provision of the engines from 2007 onwards. The driver pairing for the 2007 season consisted of Alexander Wurz and Nico Rosberg . The previous regular driver Mark Webber switched to Red Bull Racing .
2007 Williams should increase significantly compared to the previous year. Although Wurz only took one podium place at the Canadian Grand Prix , the car was much more reliable. Rosberg got 20 points and finished the season in 9th place. Alexander Wurz had problems especially in the qualification and could not keep up with his teammates. But he still got 13 points, 11 of them in the two chaotic races at the Nürburgring and in Montreal . After the Chinese Grand Prix, Alexander Wurz announced his resignation. For the final race at the Brazilian Grand Prix , he was replaced by test driver Kazuki Nakajima , who also occupied the cockpit in the 2008 season. Williams finished 4th in the team standings behind Ferrari , BMW-Sauber and Renault after McLaren-Mercedes lost all points in the constructors standings due to the espionage affair .
For the 2008 season, the pairing of drivers had not changed compared to the last race in 2007. Nico Rosberg and Kazuki Nakajima started for Williams. The season started successfully for the team. In Melbourne, Rosberg finished third and Nakajima finished sixth. In the further course of the season one could only score irregularly. The best result of the season was Rosberg's second place at the Singapore Grand Prix . Williams finished eighth in the Constructors' World Championship.
In the 2009 season , the team also competed with the driver pairing Nico Rosberg and Kazuki Nakajima.
The best results were two fourth places by Nico Rosberg at the German Grand Prix and the Hungarian Grand Prix. Kazuki Nakajima couldn't get any points. The team finished the season with 34.5 points in seventh place in the World Cup.
Back to Cosworth: One of many
For 2010 and 2011, Williams renewed his relationships with Cosworth. Williams was the only one of the established teams to use the Cosworth CA2010 engine; in addition, only the three new teams Lotus Racing , Virgin Racing and HRT use the British V8 engine. The engine was viewed as a newly developed engine which, unlike the engines from other manufacturers, was not subject to the regulatory-related development block and was therefore able to experience innovations until shortly before the start of the season. Williams had some hopes for the new engine. However, they were not fulfilled. Williams was the only Cosworth customer team to have achieved championship points with this engine. Regular podium positions, however, were not possible. In 2011 in particular, the team was increasingly falling behind. After two years the connection with Cosworth ended; From 2012 , Williams was the fourth team to use eight-cylinder engines from Renault.
Williams used the newly developed FW32 in 2010 . A team led by Ed Wood and John Tomlinson had designed the car; he was seen as less conservative than his predecessor.
Rubens Barrichello , who had two victories for Brawn GP the year before and had had prospects of the world title for a while, was signed as driver . The second cockpit next to the experienced Brazilian was given to debutant Nico Hülkenberg , who had already worked as a test driver for Williams in 2009. The test driver was Valtteri Bottas from Finland .
In the 19 races of the 2010 season, Williams scored a total of 69 championship points. Up until the last race of the year, Williams battled Force India for sixth place in the constructors' championship. In the overall standings, Williams was finally able to beat the competitor by one point.
The best result of the year was achieved by Rubens Barrichello at the 2010 European Grand Prix in Valencia , which he finished fourth. He finished fifth at Silverstone , sixth in Singapore and seventh in Korea . Hülkenberg's best result was sixth place in the Hungarian Grand Prix . The German showed an outstanding performance in qualifying for the penultimate race of the season, the Brazilian Grand Prix . Here, in difficult weather conditions, he drove the best qualifying time by a clear margin and thus achieved the first pole position for Williams in five and for Cosworth in eleven years.
After the last race of the season, Williams announced that he would no longer work with Nico Hulkenberg in 2011 . The contract with Rubens Barrichello, however, was extended. Williams signed Pastor Maldonado , the GP2 champion of the 2010 season, as the second regular driver .
To guarantee the stability of the team, 2,739,383 securities with a nominal value of 5.8 cents per share and thus 27.39 percent of the company were placed on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange from February 28th. The listing started on March 2nd.
In sporting terms, Williams started the 2011 season with a few setbacks. The Williams FW33 proved slow and unreliable. It was not until the third race of the season in China that the Williams drivers crossed the finish line for the first time; however, both remained outside the points. In the race, Maldonado failed to overtake Heikki Kovalainen in the Lotus Racing team's generally considered inferior T128 . Williams was the only one of the established teams that had not scored any world championship points before the start of the so-called "European season". Sam Michael , the technical director, took responsibility for the unsuccessful start to the season and announced that he and the chief aerodynamicist would be leaving the team at the end of the year. He was succeeded by Mike Coughlan .
Renewed partnership with Renault
Since the 2012 season , Williams started again with Renault engines. The drivers were Pastor Maldonado and Bruno Senna. In the first races of the year there were signs of improvement in athletic performance. At the Spanish Grand Prix in Barcelona , Maldonado set the second best time in qualifying. After pole sitter Lewis Hamilton was disqualified after qualifying, Maldonado started the race from position one. He won with 3.2 seconds ahead of Fernando Alonso and brought his team the first victory since 2004. After the race, there was a serious fire accident in the Williams box: shortly after the award ceremony, the box got in due to a deflagration Fire. Sixteen members of the Williams team and several members of other teams suffered smoke inhalation and cuts. There was also considerable damage to property.
Maldonado's win in Spain was the only Williams podium finish for the entire year. The car proved to be reliable, so that the drivers were able to finish almost every race and also repeatedly get into points. Better results than a fifth place (Maldonado in Abu Dhabi ) could not be achieved, however. With 76 world championship points, Williams finished eighth in the constructors' championship at the end of the year.
In the Formula 1 World Championship in 2013 went Valtteri Bottas and Pastor Maldonado for Williams at the start. The emergency vehicle was the Williams FW35 designed by Mike Coughlan , which in turn used an eight-cylinder engine from Renault. On March 27th, Claire Williams , the daughter of team boss Frank Williams, was introduced as the new deputy team boss. Shortly before, Toto Wolff had left the team. He became head of motorsport at Mercedes-Benz , but kept his Williams shares until March 2016.
At the beginning of the season, Williams showed poor performance. After nine races of the season, the team was still without world championship points; It was only in the tenth race in Hungary that Williams scored the first point by placing Maldonado in tenth place. The team hadn't had such a bad start to the season since 1977. Williams was the weakest of the established teams. The FW35 was named as the cause of the failure: Pastor Maldonado described the car as "undrivable" at the first race of the season in Australia: Driving the FW35 quickly was "not difficult, but impossible". The car has an aerodynamic problem; there is a lack of grip. Maldonado's team-mate Bottas complained about the car's lack of stability. In April 2013, the team management stated that the cause of the problem had been found; however, it will take some time to fix it. In practice for the Monaco Grand Prix , the FW35 drove with the nose of last year's vehicle, which did not have a vanity panel. According to the drivers, this configuration noticeably improved the driving behavior, but could not yet be used in the race for safety reasons. At the Canadian Grand Prix , Bottas qualified for third place on the grid behind Sebastian Vettel and Lewis Hamilton. Bottas saw no sign of a general increase in competitiveness; rather, he attributed the training result to a special weather situation that he happened to be able to use. He was unable to maintain his position in the race. In the first lap he lost three places. In the end, he finished in 14th place.
In response to the failure in the first half of the season, Williams dismissed the previous technical director Mike Coughlan in July. He was succeeded by Pat Symonds , who took up his position on August 19, 2013.
2014: Third Force
In the 2014 season , Williams competed with engines from Mercedes . Claire Williams attributed the decision to financial considerations, among other things: The Mercedes engine is cheaper than the Renault units previously used. The drivers of the Williams FW36 designed by Pat Symonds were Valtteri Bottas and the previous Ferrari driver Felipe Massa .
According to the team management team, Williams was better positioned in 2014 than in previous years. At the turn of the year, the racing team took over a number of employees from other teams. These included aerodynamicist Dave Weather, who was responsible for designing the successful Lotus E21 , and former Red Bull engineer Shaun Whitehead. You contributed to the development of the Williams FW36 in the final phase. According to Claire Williams, the team had a budget that was significantly higher than in previous years. The new main sponsor made a significant contribution to this: Williams has been supported since the 2014 season by the Italian spirits manufacturer Martini & Rossi , which had been the main sponsor of Tecno , Brabham and Lotus from 1972 to 1980 . A severance payment also contributed to the budget, which the sponsor PDVSA of the previous Williams pilot Pastor Maldonado paid the team for the early termination of their contract, which was set up until 2015.
During the test drives before the start of the season, the Williams FW36 was the most reliable vehicle. Williams covered the greatest distance in Bahrain in February and also set the fastest lap time with Massa.
At the season opener in Australia , the Williams were "part of the top group again": The Williams drivers qualified for ninth (Massa) and tenth on the grid. However, Bottas was put back five positions on the grid due to a gear change. During the race, Massa was knocked off the track in the first corner due to a defect in the vehicle of Caterham driver Kamui Kobayashi and retired. In the first ten laps, Bottas overtook numerous pre-placed drivers and was sixth when he damaged his tire as a result of a driving error. He dropped to 15th position, but on the remaining laps moved up to sixth place, where he crossed the finish line. After the later disqualification of the Red Bull driver Daniel Ricciardo , who finished in second place , Bottas was classified fifth. Williams was then fourth in the constructors' championship with 10 points. The team had twice as many points in the first Grand Prix of the year as in the entire previous season together.
At the Austrian Grand Prix , Felipe Massa achieved his first pole position for Williams and the first for the team since 2012, with team-mate Bottas completing the front row. In the race, Bottas achieved his first Formula 1 podium with third place, while Massa came fourth. Bottas also finished the next two races in Great Britain and Germany with a podium. This was followed by two third places for Bottas in Belgium and Russia as well as Massa's first podium of the season at the Italian Grand Prix, further podiums . The best result of the season was achieved in the last race of the season in Abu Dhabi when Felipe Massa finished second; his team-mate Bottas took third place. Williams finished third in the constructors' championship.
In the 2015 season , Williams kept the Mercedes drive. The emergency vehicle was the Williams FW37 , which in turn was designed under the direction of Pat Symonds. As in the previous year, regular drivers were Felipe Massa and Valtteri Bottas. Adrian Sutil had been under contract as a substitute driver for Williams since March 2015 . Test driver Susie Wolff declared her racing career over in November 2015.
Over the course of the season, Williams became the third force behind Mercedes and Ferrari. At the season opener in Australia , Bottas, who had previously qualified for sixth place on the grid, had to forego taking part in the race due to a herniated disc . Williams therefore only entered the race with one car in Melbourne . Massa came here in fourth place behind the two Mercedes drivers Lewis Hamilton and Nico Rosberg and Sebastian Vettel in the Ferrari. From the second race in Malaysia , both drivers competed regularly. There they came in fifth and sixth.
Williams achieved only four podium finishes in the 2015 season: Bottas finished third in Canada and Mexico , Massa occupied the same position in Austria and Italy . Unlike the year before, there were no second places. In the course of the season there were several clashes between Bottas and Raikkonen, some of which were stylized in the media as a Finnish duel "for honor". The team repeatedly showed weaknesses at the pit stops, as a result of which the drivers lost some positions in several races: In Belgium Bottas received the wrong rear tires, and in Abu Dhabi he received premature clearance after a tire change, whereupon he met Jenson Button (McLaren ) collided. After the Brazilian Grand Prix , which he finished eighth, Massa was disqualified on charges that his tires were too hot at the start. Although Williams contradicted the charge, the team did not oppose the disqualification.
Williams scored a total of 43 fewer world championship points in the 2015 season than in the previous year, but was again third in the constructors' championship. Bottas was fifth in the drivers' championship, Massa sixth.
In the season 2016 Williams continued the engine partnership with Mercedes. The emergency vehicle was the Williams FW38 . The driver pairing remained unchanged with Bottas and Massa, who wanted to contest his last Formula 1 year here. The team did not manage to maintain the positioning of the two previous years. Williams was able to drive into the points in 18 of 21 races of the season; however, there was only one podium finish. With his third place at the Canadian Grand Prix , Bottas achieved the best result of the year for Williams. Massa's best result was two fifth places in Australia and Russia . Williams couldn't keep up with Mercedes, Ferrari and Red Bull from the start of the season. The season was marked by a competition with Force India for fourth place in the constructors' championship. Until early autumn, Williams was ahead of the competitor, who competed with the same engine. At the Malaysian Grand Prix, however, Force overtook India and held fourth place until the end of the season. After the last race, Williams had 138 and Force India 173 world championship points. In retrospect, the Williams engineer blamed the FW38 for the team's deterioration; the car was "simply not fast enough".
2017 was the 40th motorsport season of the racing team. With a view to this anniversary, the vehicle was named Williams FW40 in 2017 . The chassis was largely a new development. On the drive side, Williams stayed with Mercedes engines. The team also retained the main sponsors.
At the beginning of the year there was a lot of movement in the team. The trigger was the decision of the reigning world champion Nico Rosberg, which was surprisingly declared after the end of the 2016 season, not to compete in the Formula 1 World Championship again in 2017. His previous team Mercedes tried to get Valtteri Bottas as Rosberg's successor. After weeks of negotiations, Williams released Bottas in January 2017 after Mercedes paid a transfer fee and granted a discount on engine costs. As part of the business, Williams took over the previous team boss from Mercedes, Paddy Lowe , who was allowed to start work at Williams without the usual waiting time. As a replacement for Bottas, Williams once again signed Felipe Massa, who had already announced his retirement from Formula 1 at the last race of the season in 2016. Mercedes also paid Massa's salary in 2017. Massa's teammate was Formula 1 debutant Lance Stroll , whose father holds shares in Williams.
At the season opener in Australia , Massa finished sixth, Stroll retired after a technical defect. In total, Massa finished six times in the points in the first eleven races before the summer break; his best results were two sixth places. Stroll saw the finish line for the first time in the fourth race of the season in Russia , and the first place in the points was in Canada . With his third place at the Azerbaijan Grand Prix in 2017 , Stroll achieved the best result of the season to date for Williams and at the same time the only podium place until the summer break. At the 2017 Hungarian Grand Prix , Williams test driver Paul di Resta took over the cockpit of the sick Massa. In his first Formula 1 race in three and a half years, he did not reach the goal.
In the constructors' championship, Williams fell back to fifth with a total of 83 points. Williams was the worst of the three teams with Mercedes engines. Force India had scored 183 points, finishing fourth.
In the 2018 season , Williams launched the FW41 . It was the team's first fully developed car under the direction of Paddy Lowe. Like its predecessor, it was equipped with a Mercedes engine. The drivers were Lance Stroll and the Russian debutant Sergei Sirotkin , who won the cockpit award against Pascal Wehrlein , among others . As in the previous year, the test and replacement pilot was the Polish racing driver Robert Kubica , who completed extensive test drives before the start of the season, during which he was faster than the regular drivers. In the first few weeks of 2018, Kubica was also in discussion for a permanent operational cockpit, but ultimately had to let Sirotkin go first.
In 2018, Williams fell again significantly compared to the previous year and was the weakest team in the field. In the entire season there were only three places in the points: Stroll finished eighth at the Azerbaijan Grand Prix , Stroll came ninth at the Italian Grand Prix and Sirotkin came tenth. At the end of the season there were only seven points to book, with Williams taking tenth and last place in the constructors' championship.
In the 2019 season , Williams competed with drivers Robert Kubica and George Russell . After the contract with Martini & Rossi expired at the end of 2018, Williams introduced a new title sponsor in February 2019, ROKiT, a company from the telecommunications industry. Thus, the team colors also change; these are now ice blue and white.
The preparation for the season started badly: Since the Williams FW42 was not completed on time, the team missed the first two of the eight days of official test drives before the start of the season. Technical director Paddy Lowe resigned from his position before the start of the season . Initially, this was communicated as a temporary “time out for personal reasons”; in June, however, Lowe's final resignation was announced.
In the first half of the season, the Williams drivers never got past the first timed practice. Almost all of them started the race from the back row. There were initially no finishings in the points. It wasn't until the eleventh race of the season in Germany in July that the team scored the first and only world championship point of the year: Because both Alfa Romeo drivers were subsequently given time penalties, Kubica, who actually crossed the finish line in twelfth place at the Hockenheimring , moved up to tenth place in front. As a result, team mate George Russell also achieved his best result to date in Hockenheim in eleventh place. This was originally rated 13th. With this one point, Williams finished tenth and last overall at the end of the season. In the drivers' championship, too, Kubica (19th) and Russell (20th) only finished in the last two places overall. Russell had, despite some strong qualifying sessions and races, e.g. B. in Hungary or twelfth in Brazil not as lucky as Kubica in Germany to get a point. In terms of points, it was the weakest season in the history of the team for Williams.
There was another change in the driver line-up for the 2020 season : Kubica left the team after just one season, and the previous substitute driver Nicholas Latifi was promoted to regular driver as his successor . The emergency vehicle is the Williams FW43 , which, unlike its predecessor, was ready in time for the pre-season tests . In late May, Williams announced that he was in financial trouble. Several options are currently being examined, including a capital increase , the sale of a minority stake or the complete sale of the company. In addition, the collaboration with title sponsor ROKiT was terminated with immediate effect. After the sixth race, Williams is currently tenth and last in the constructors' championship.
Williams customer vehicles
In the 1970s, Williams repeatedly gave his Formula 1 cars to private racing drivers or customer teams. These cars were sometimes registered for individual Formula 1 races, but also in other racing series, years after their appearance. Williams' customer teams included the following racing teams:
Private teams that used Williams vehicles in races for the Formula 1 World Championship appeared in 1976, 1977 and 1980:
The Spanish racing driver Emilio Zapico registered the Williams FW04 built in 1975 under the name Mapfre-Williams for the Spanish Grand Prix. Zapico could not qualify for the race; he was 0.7 seconds short of qualifying and 3.7 seconds of James Hunt's pole time in the McLaren .
For the 1977 Italian Grand Prix, the Swiss racing driver Loris Kessel registered a 1974 Williams FW03 . He drove for the Jolly Club of Switzerland team ; the little changed car was named Apollon-Williams. Kessel couldn't qualify for the race; he completed the qualification as the penultimate. He was 6.2 seconds short of the last qualifying place.
- The Brands Hatch Racing team used a Williams FW07 for Desiré Wilson at the 1980 Great Britain Grand Prix . Wilson couldn't qualify; she was last in qualifying, more than five seconds behind the pole.
- The established private team RAM Racing competed with a Williams FW07 in the second half of the season between the British Grand Prix and the US Grand Prix. Rupert Keegan was the driver at all events . Another car was entered for Kevin Cogan at the Canadian Grand Prix ; at the US Grand Prix, Geoff Lees drove the second car. Rupert Keegan was able to qualify four times in seven attempts and then regularly crossed the finish line, albeit outside of the points. Kevin Cogan and Geoff Lees each failed to qualify. RAM ended the season without championship points. In the coming season, RAM entered into a joint venture with March Grand Prix (a company that had no legal relationship with March Engineering ) and drove special cars called RAM-March.
A number of Williams vehicles were used in the British Aurora series . This was a series of youngsters held temporarily in Great Britain, in which used Formula 1 vehicles were driven by young drivers. The aim was to prepare the drivers for Formula 1.
In the 1978 season, John Cooper used the Williams FW05, manufactured in 1975, for his private team in a number of Aurora races. Cooper later switched to a Hesketh 308. Overall, Cooper scored 45 championship points in 1978 and finished the year in eighth place.
In the second season of the Aurora series, the David Price Racing team used several Williams FW06s. The most prominent driver was Giacomo Agostini , who scored 19 championship points this season and finished eighth overall in the annual standings. In addition to Agostini, Guido Pardini, Carlo Franchi , Marco Micangeli and Lella Lombardi drove at times .
In the 1980 season, two teams competed in the Aurora series with vehicles from Williams:
- Parallel to the involvement in Formula 1, RAM (Motorsport) used two Williams FW07s for Emilio de Villota and Eliseo Salazar . Emilio de Villota won the championship.
- Giacomo Agostini reported his own team Agostini for the 1980 season with two Williams FW06. The driver was Agostini himself; Carlo Franchi stood next to him.
The Formula 3000 World Championship, held for the first time in 1985, was initially designed - at least also - as a replacement for the naturally aspirated Formula 1. Only naturally aspirated engines with a displacement of three liters should be used. The regulations allowed cars specially designed for Formula 3000, but also explicitly accepted the use of former Formula 1 cars in the first season.
Only three teams made use of this rule. One of them was PMC Racing , which in 1985 registered a Williams FW08C for Lamberto Leoni , who later founded the First Racing team , and for Thierry Tassin. It became clear early on that the old Formula 1 cars were inferior to the special Formula 3000 designs from March Engineering and Lola. The teams that used old Formula 1 cars gave up before the end of the first Formula 3000 season. Including PMC Racing .
Numbers and dates
Statistics as a designer in Formula 1
Status: 2020 Spanish Grand Prix
|season||Team name||chassis||engine||tires||Grand Prix||Victories||Second||Third||Poles||nice Round||Points||World Cup rank|
|1978||Williams Grand Prix Engineering||Williams FW06||Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8||G||16||-||1||-||-||2||11||9.|
|1979||Albilad-Saudia Racing Team||Williams FW06 / FW07||Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8||G||15th||5||2||3||3||3||75||2.|
|1980||Albilad Williams Racing Team||Williams FW07B||Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8||G||14th||6th||6th||6th||3||6th||120||1.|
|1981||TAG Williams Racing Team||Williams FW07C||Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8||G||15th||4th||6th||3||2||7th||95||1.|
|1982||TAG Williams Racing Team||Williams FW07C / FW08||Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8||G||15th||1||4th||2||1||-||58||4th|
|1983||TAG Williams Racing Team||Williams FW08C / FW09||Ford Cosworth DFV 3.0 V8||G||15th||1||1||-||1||-||38||4th|
|1984||Williams Grand Prix Engineering||Williams FW09 / FW09B||
Honda RA163E 1.5 V6t
Honda RA164E 1.5 V6t
|1985||Canon Williams Honda Team||Williams FW10||Honda RA164E 1.5 V6t||G||16||4th||3||1||3||4th||71||3.|
|1986||Canon Williams Honda Team||Williams FW11||Honda 1.5 V6t||G||16||9||5||5||4th||11||141||1.|
|1987||Canon Williams Honda Team||Williams FW11B||Honda 1.5 V6t||G||16||9||7th||2||12||7th||137||1.|
|1988||Canon Williams team||Williams FW12||Judd 3.5 V8||G||16||-||2||-||-||1||20th||7th|
|1989||Canon Williams team||Williams FW12C / FW13||Renault 3.5 V10||G||16||2||4th||5||1||1||77||2.|
|1990||Canon Williams team||Williams FW13B||Renault 3.5 V10||G||16||2||1||1||1||5||57||4th|
|1991||Canon Williams team||Williams FW14||Renault 3.5 V10||G||16||7th||6th||4th||6th||8th||125||2.|
|1992||Canon Williams team||Williams FW14B||Renault 3.5 V10||G||16||10||9||2||15th||11||164||1.|
|1993||Canon Williams||Williams FW15C||Renault 3.5 V10||G||16||10||7th||5||15th||10||168||1.|
|1994||Rothmans Williams Renault||Williams FW16||Renault 3.5 V10||G||16||7th||6th||-||6th||8th||118||1.|
|1995||Rothmans Williams Renault||Williams FW17||Renault 3.0 V10||G||17th||5||7th||5||12||6th||118||2.|
|1996||Rothmans Williams Renault||Williams FW18||Renault 3.0 V10||G||16||12||7th||2||12||11||175||1.|
|1997||Rothmans Williams Renault||Williams FW19||Renault 3.0 V10||G||17th||8th||2||5||11||9||123||1.|
|1998||Winfield Williams||Williams FW20||Mecachrome 3.0 V10||G||16||-||-||3||-||-||38||3.|
|1999||Winfield Williams||Williams FW21||Supertec 3.0 V10||B.||16||-||1||2||-||1||35||5.|
|2000||BMW Williams F1 Team||Williams FW22||BMW 3.0 V10||B.||17th||-||-||3||-||-||36||3.|
|2001||BMW Williams F1 Team||Williams FW23||BMW 3.0 V10||M.||17th||4th||4th||1||4th||8th||80||3.|
|2002||BMW Williams F1 Team||Williams FW24||BMW 3.0 V10||M.||17th||1||5||7th||7th||3||92||2.|
|2003||BMW Williams F1 Team||Williams FW25||BMW 3.0 V10||M.||16||4th||6th||2||4th||4th||144||2.|
|2004||BMW Williams F1 Team||Williams FW26||BMW 3.0 V10||M.||18th||1||2||1||1||2||88||4th|
|2005||BMW Williams F1 Team||Williams FW27||BMW 3.0 V10||M.||18th||-||2||2||1||-||66||5.|
|2006||Williams F1 team||Williams FW28||Cosworth 2.4 V8||B.||18th||-||-||-||-||1||11||8th.|
|2007||AT&T Williams||Williams FW29||Toyota 2.4 V8||B.||17th||-||-||1||-||-||33||4th|
|2008||AT&T Williams||Williams FW30||Toyota 2.4 V8||B.||18th||-||1||1||-||-||26th||8th.|
|2009||AT&T Williams||Williams FW31||Toyota 2.4 V8||B.||17th||-||-||-||-||1||34.5||7th|
|2010||AT&T Williams||Williams FW32||Cosworth 2.4 V8||B.||19th||-||-||-||1||-||69||6th|
|2011||AT&T Williams||Williams FW33||Cosworth 2.4 V8||P||19th||-||-||-||-||-||5||9.|
|2012||Williams F1 team||Williams FW34||Renault 2.4 V8||P||20th||1||-||-||1||1||76||8th.|
|2013||Williams F1 team||Williams FW35||Renault 2.4 V8||P||19th||-||-||-||-||-||5||9.|
|2014||Williams Martini Racing||Williams FW36||Mercedes-Benz 1.6 V6 Turbo||P||19th||-||3||6th||1||2||320||3.|
|2015||Williams Martini Racing||Williams FW37||Mercedes-Benz 1.6 V6 Turbo||P||19th||-||-||4th||-||-||257||3.|
|2016||Williams Martini Racing||Williams FW38||Mercedes-Benz 1.6 V6 Turbo||P||21st||-||-||1||-||-||138||5.|
|2017||Williams Martini Racing||Williams FW40||Mercedes-AMG F1 M08 EQ Power +||P||20th||-||-||1||-||-||83||5.|
|2018||Williams Martini Racing||Williams FW41||Mercedes-AMG F1 M09 EQ Power +||P||21st||-||-||-||-||-||7th||10.|
|2019||ROKiT Williams Racing||Williams FW42||Mercedes-AMG F1 M10 EQ Power +||P||21st||-||-||-||-||-||1||10.|
|2020||Williams Racing||Williams FW43||Mercedes-AMG F1 M11 EQ Perf.||P||6th||-||-||-||-||-||0||10.|
All works drivers on Williams in Formula 1
Status: 2020 Spanish Grand Prix
|Nigel Mansell||1985 - 88 , 1991 - 92 , 1994||95||369||28||12||3||28||23||1992 )1. (|
|Ralf Schumacher||1999 - 2004||94||232||6th||5||10||5||7th||2001 , 2002 )4. (|
|Riccardo Patrese||1987 - 1992||81||180||4th||12||8th||6th||10||1992 )2. (|
|Felipe Massa||2014 - 2017||78||351||-||1||4th||1||1||2015 )6. (|
|Valtteri Bottas||2013 - 2016||77||411||-||2||7th||-||1||2014 )4th (|
|Nico Rosberg||2006 - 2009||70||75.5||-||1||1||-||2||2009 )7th (|
|Juan Pablo Montoya||2001 - 2004||68||221||4th||13||6th||11||11||2002 , 2003 )3. (|
|Damon Hill||1993 - 1996||65||326||21st||14th||5||20th||19th||1996 )1. (|
|Keke Rosberg||1982 - 1985||62||131.5||5||7th||3||4th||3||1982 )1st (|
|Alan Jones||1978 - 1981||60||171||11||7th||4th||6th||13||1980 )1. (|
|Pastor Maldonado||2011 - 2013||58||47||1||-||-||1||-||15th ( 2012 )|
|Jacques Villeneuve||1996 - 1998||48||180||11||5||5||13||9||1997 )1. (|
|Lance Stroll||2017 - 2018||41||46||-||-||1||-||-||12. ( 2017 )|
|Rubens Barrichello||2010 - 2011||38||51||-||-||-||-||-||10. ( 2010 )|
|Kazuki Nakajima||2007 - 2009||36||9||-||-||-||-||-||15th ( 2008 )|
|Mark Webber||2005 - 2006||36||43||-||-||1||-||-||10. ( 2005 )|
|Heinz-Harald Frentzen||1997 - 1998||33||59||1||2||5||1||6th||1997 )2. (|
|Thierry Boutsen||1989 - 1990||32||71||3||1||4th||1||1||1989 )5th (|
|Nelson Piquet||1986 - 1987||31||145||7th||10||4th||6th||11||1987 )1st (|
|Carlos Reutemann||1980 - 1982||31||104||3||7th||6th||2||3||1981 )2. (|
|Jacques Laffite||1983 - 1984||29||16||-||-||-||-||-||11th ( 1983 )|
|George Russell||2019 -||27||-||-||-||-||-||-||20th ( 2019 )|
|David Coulthard||1994 - 1995||25th||63||1||5||3||5||4th||1995 )3rd (|
|Robert Kubica||2019||21st||1||-||-||-||-||-||19th ( 2019 )|
|Sergei Sirotkin||2018||21st||1||-||-||-||-||-||20th ( 2018 )|
|Bruno Senna||2012||20th||31||-||-||-||-||1||16. ( 2012 )|
|Nico Hulkenberg||2010||19th||22nd||-||-||-||1||-||14th ( 2010 )|
|Jenson Button||2000||17th||12||-||-||-||-||-||2000 )8. (|
|Alain Prost||1993||16||99||7th||3||2||13||6th||1993 )1. (|
|Alexander Wurz||2007||16||13||-||-||1||-||-||11. ( 2007 )|
|Alessandro Zanardi||1999||16||-||-||-||-||-||-||19th ( 1999 )|
|Clay Regazzoni||1979||15th||32||1||2||2||-||2||1979 )5th (|
|Nick Heidfeld||2005||13||28||-||2||1||1||-||11. ( 2005 )|
|Derek Daly||1982||12||8th||-||-||-||-||-||13th ( 1982 )|
|Antonio Pizzonia||2004 - 2005||9||8th||-||-||-||-||-||15th ( 2004 )|
|Nicholas Latifi||2020 -||6th||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Marc Gené||2003 - 2004||3||4th||-||-||-||-||-||17. ( 2003 )|
|Paul di Resta||2017||1||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
Current drivers are shown in yellow.
- Comparability limited due to different point systems
Results as a customer team in Formula 1
Results as a designer in Formula 1
1978 to 1999
|1979||FW06 , FW07||75||2.|
|1982||FW07C , FW08||58||4th|
|1983||FW08C , FW09||36||4th|
|1984||FW09 , FW09B||25.5||6th|
|N. Mansell||5||6th||1||DNF||DNF||5||1||1||DNF||14 *||1||3||DNF||1||1||DNF||INJ|
|N. Piquet||6th||2||DNS||DNF||2||2||2||2||1||1||2||1||3||(4)||2||15 *||DNF|
|1989||FW12C , FW13||77||2.|
|R. Patrese||6th||9||13 *||1||DNF||DNF||9||6th||DNF||5||4th||DNF||5||7th||5||4th||6th|
|N. Mansell||5||DNF||DNF||DNF||2||6 *||2||1||1||1||2||DNF||1||DSQ||1||DNF||2|
|A. Cheers||2||1||DNF||3||1||1||4th||1||1||1||1||12||3||12 *||2||2||2|
|1994||FW16 , 16B||118||1.|
|D. Coulthard||DNF||5||5||DNF||DNF||4th||6 *||2|
|1995||FW17 , 17B||118||2.|
|R. Schumacher||9||3||5||DNF||4th||4th||DNF||DNF||14 *||5||DNF||7th||5||3||3||DNF||DNF||DNF|
|J. Button||10||DNF||6th||DNF||5||17 *||10 *||DNF||11||8th||5||4th||9||5||DNF||DNF||5||DNF|
|R. Schumacher||5||DNF||1||2||3||11 *||4th||3||7th||4th||8th||5||3||3||5||DNF||16||11 *|
|R. Schumacher||4th||4th||DNF||7th||7th||6th||10 *||DNF||DSQ||DNF||INJ||INJ||INJ||INJ||INJ||INJ||DNF||2||5|
|B. Senna||19th||16||6th||7th||DNF||DNF||10||17th||10||9||17th||7th||12||10||18 *||14th||15th||10||8th||10||DNF|
|F. Massa||19th||DNF||7th||7th||15th||13||7th||12 *||4th||DNF||DNF||5||13||3||5||7th||11||4th||3||2|
|V. Bottas||77||WD||5||6th||4th||4th||14th||3||5||5||13||9||4th||5||5||12 *||DNF||3||5||13|
|F. Massa||19th||5||8th||6th||5||8th||10||DNF||10||20 *||11||18th||DNF||10||9||12||13||9||7th||9||DNF||9|
|P. di Resta||40||DNF|
|L. Stroll||18th||DNF||DNF||DNF||11||16||14 *||9||3||10||16||14th||11||7th||8th||8th||DNF||11||6th||16||18th|
|L. Stroll||18th||14th||14th||14th||8th||11||17th||DNF||17 *||13||12||DNF||17th||13||9||14th||15th||17th||14th||12||18th||13|
|green||-||Placement in the points|
|blue||-||Classified outside the point ranks|
|violet||DNF||Race not finished (did not finish)|
|red||DNQ||did not qualify|
|DNPQ||failed in pre-qualification (did not pre-qualify)|
|White||DNS||not at the start (did not start)|
|Light Blue||PO||only participated in the training (practiced only)|
|TD||Friday test driver|
|without||DNP||did not participate in the training (did not practice)|
|INJ||injured or sick|
|DNA||did not arrive|
|no participation in the World Cup|
|other||P / bold||Pole position|
|SR / italic||Fastest race lap|
|*||not at the finish,
but counted due to the distance covered
|underlined||Leader in the overall standings|
Overview of the current staff
|Area of responsibility||Surname|
|Regular driver||Nicholas Latifi|
|Team boss||Frank Williams|
|deputy Team leader||Claire Williams|
|Team manager||Dave Redding|
|Chief aerodynamicist||Dave Wheather|
|Chief designer||Doug McKiernan|
|Chief engineer||Doug McKiernan|
|Race engineer Kubica||James Urwin|
|Race Engineer Russell||Paul Williams|
The toy manufacturer Lego released a 1484-piece set entitled Williams F1 Team Racer as part of the Racers series in 2002 . The following year, a model, also from the Racers series, with 98 parts and also named Williams F1 Team Racer appeared .
- Adriano Cimarosti: "The Century of Racing"; Stuttgart 1997.
- David Hodges, “Racing Cars from A – Z after 1945”, 1st edition Stuttgart (Motorbuch Verlag) 1993.
- Maurice Hamilton: "Frank Williams - the inside story of the man behind the cars", UK 1998 ( ISBN 0-333-71716-3 ) (Engl.)
- Extract from the British Commercial Register
- Maurice Hamilton: Frank Williams. The Inside Story of the Man behind the Williams Renault. London 1998, p. 35
- Wolff becomes a partner at Williams. derstandard .at, November 20, 2009, accessed on March 9, 2016 .
- Roman Wittemeier: Toto Wolff separates from the last Williams shares. Motorsport-Total.com, March 9, 2016, accessed March 9, 2016 .
- Christian Sylt: The Formula for Survival in F1. www.forbes.com, December 8, 2017, accessed February 24, 2019 .
- > Christian Nimmervoll: Official: Williams team sold to New York investment company. www.motorsport-total.com, August 21, 2020, accessed on August 21, 2020 .
- History of the March 761/7 on the website www.oldracingcars.com
- Hamilton: Frank Williams. The inside story of the man behind Williams Renault. P. 64.
- Chassis 741/1, which was used by the works team for Hans Stuck in the 1974 season, would be considered. The chassis was not used in 1975 and 1976. See the racing history of the March 741/1 on the website www.oldracingcars.com .
- Kozarowitzky's biography on the website www.f1rejects.com (accessed on March 17, 2014).
- Hodges: Racing cars from AZ after 1945. p. 265.
- Hamilton: Frank Williams. P. 97.
- Regazzoni moved to Team Ensign in 1980. At the fourth run of the season in Long Beach, he suffered a serious accident that left him paraplegic.
- Lotus switched to Renault engines after just one year.
- "Old love rediscovered: Williams switches to Renault". Message on the website www.motorsport-total.com from July 4, 2012.
- auto motor und sport - Formula 1 Special 2010, p. 52.
- Most recently Nick Heidfeld was on pole position for Williams at the 2005 European Grand Prix.
- The last pole position for an engine developed by Cosworth was achieved by Rubens Barrichello in a Stewart-Ford at the 1999 French Grand Prix.
- "Fix: Williams 2011 with Maldonado and Barrichello" (Motorsport-Total.com on December 1, 2010)
- Williams on March 2nd on the stock exchange (Zeit.de)
- "Gascoye: Lotus targets Williams": message from April 20, 2011 on the website www.motorsport-total.com .
- Formula 1 in Spain: 16 injured after a fire in the Williams box
- Fire in Williams' garage after the Spanish Grand Prix
- Claire Williams becomes deputy team boss at Motorsport-Magazin.com
- Markus Lüttgens: Undrivable FW35: Williams is going back to the start . News from March 16, 2013 on the website www.motorsport-total.com .
- Dieter Renken: Maldonado about the FW35 . News from March 16, 2013 on the website www.motorsport-total.com .
- Dieter Renken: Bottas complains about a lack of stability. News from March 16, 2013 on the website www.motorsport-total.com .
- Roman Witter Meier: Williams troubleshooting with obstacles . News from April 11, 2013 on the website www.motorsport-total.com .
- Sven Haidinger: Williams: Did you finally find the fault on the FW35? News from May 24, 2013 on the website www.motorsport-total.com .
- Motorsport Aktuell, issue 24/2013, p. 12.
- Bottas: The car does not belong in third place. News from June 8, 2013 on the website www.motorsport-total.com .
- Roman Wittemeier: Williams separates from Coughlan. Symonds takes over. News from July 16, 2013 on the website www.motorsport-total.com (accessed on July 16, 2013).
- Motorsport Aktuell, issue 24/2013, p. 8.
- Elmar Brümmer: Old values, new ideas and plenty of capital . Motorsport Aktuell, issue 13/2014, p. 6 f.
- Motorsport Aktuell, issue 11/2014, p. 8 f.
- Dieter Rencken, Timo Pape: Bottas: Should actually have ended up further ahead. News from March 16, 2014 at www.motorsport-total.com (accessed on March 17, 2014).
- Norman Fischer: "Susie Wolff: The great female Formula 1 hope goes". Motorsport-Total.com, November 4, 2015, accessed December 1, 2015 .
- Dieter Rencken, Rebecca Friese: "Big ambitions: Will act three follow in the Bottas-Räikkönen duel?" Motorsport-Total.com, November 12, 2015, accessed on December 1, 2015 .
- Ruben Zimmermann: “Next boxing fiasco: Williams messes up in Abu Dhabi too”. Motorsport-Total.com, November 29, 2015, accessed December 1, 2015 .
- Sven Haidinger: "Williams accepts Massa disqualification for cost reasons". Motorsport-Total.com, November 19, 2015, accessed December 1, 2015 .
- Otto Zuber: Rob Smedley, Williams: "Not done the best job". speedweek.com, January 17, 2017, accessed January 20, 2017 .
- Vanessa Georgoulas: Valtteri Bottas deal: Williams made Mercedes suffer. speedweek.com, January 20, 2017, accessed January 20, 2017 .
- Norman Fischer: New sponsor, new colors: Williams presents its Formula 1 dress 2019. Motorsport-Total.com, February 11, 2019, accessed on February 11, 2019 .
- Norman Fischer, Adam Cooper: Williams debacle finds first victim: Paddy Lowe takes a break. Motorsport-Total.com, March 7, 2019, accessed March 8, 2019 .
- Official: Paddy Lowe and Williams split up for good. Retrieved July 7, 2019 .
- Stefan Ehlen: Time penalty: Alfa Romeo without points, team boss is thinking of protest. Motorsport-Total.com, July 28, 2019, accessed August 7, 2019 .
- Next bang: Williams offers Formula 1 team for sale! , motorsport-total.com from May 29, 2020; Accessed May 29, 2020
- Formula 1 team is for sale , auto motor und sport from May 29, 2020; Accessed May 29, 2020
- Brickset model description 8461-1 "Williams F1 Team Racer"
- Brickset model description 8374-1 "Williams F1 Team Racer"
- Israel Sart-Up Nation becomes third WorldTeam with F1 connection. In: radsport-news.com. January 15, 2020, accessed January 15, 2020 .