|Surname||Scuderia AlphaTauri Honda|
|Company headquarters||Faenza , Italy|
|Team boss||Franz Tost|
|Technical Director||Jody Egginton|
|driver||(26) Daniil Kwjat (10) Pierre Gasly
|engine||Honda 1.6 V6|
|First Grand Prix||Bahrain 2006|
|Constructors' championship||best result: 6th ( 2008 , 2019 )|
|Drivers World Championship||best result: 7th ( 2019 )|
|Position 2019||6. (85 points)|
|(As of: Spanish Grand Prix 2020)|
The Scuderia AlphaTauri is an Italian Formula 1 team that, like Red Bull Racing, belongs to the Austrian entrepreneur Dietrich Mateschitz ( Red Bull GmbH ). The Faenza- based racing team emerged from the former Minardi team and competed in the Formula 1 World Championship under the name Scuderia Toro Rosso from 2006 to 2019 . It is considered a Red Bull Racing junior team: several Red Bull drivers, including Sebastian Vettel , previously drove for Toro Rosso. Vettel also won the team's only race win at the 2008 Italian Grand Prix . In the 2020 season , the racing team will again be at the start with Pierre Gasly and Daniil Kwjat .
Red Bulls junior team
The Scuderia AlphaTauri has its roots in the Italian motorsport team Minardi, which after a few years in Formula 2 had regularly participated in the Formula 1 World Championship from 1985 to 2005 with little success. After repeated economic difficulties, the team was taken over in 2001 by the Australian businessman Paul Stoddart , who, however, just like his predecessors, was unable to stabilize the economy. At the beginning of the 21st century, Minardi was the smallest and weakest team in Formula 1. Over the years, around 40 buyers, including the former racing driver Eddie Irvine , were interested in taking over the racing team . In autumn 2005, Stoddart finally decided to sell the racing team to the beverage manufacturer Red Bull, which had already taken over the British Jaguar team a year earlier . Red Bull entrusted the leadership of the team, now known as Toro Rosso (Italian for Red Bull), to the Austrians Franz Tost , Helmut Marko and Gerhard Berger ; The latter was also a minority owner of the racing team from 2006 to 2008. Among them, the racing team became a junior team for Red Bull, in which mainly young drivers from its own driver program are used.
Toro Rosso made extensive use of Red Bull's technical know-how in the early years of its membership. There were synergies between the two racing teams; The Toro Rosso racing cars until 2009 were derived directly from the respective Red Bull designs from the previous year. In this way, the costs for running the racing team could be kept low. As of 2010, the regulations prohibited such synergy effects. Toro Rosso then had to design and build its own racing cars again. In view of this change in the regulations, Red Bull boss Dietrich Mateschitz initially considered selling Toro Rosso again. In fact, the team remained in the Red Bull family.
Another existential crisis occurred in autumn 2015 after Red Bull terminated the engine contract with Renault for both teams without having an alternative for 2016. At times there was a risk of operations at Toro Rosso and Red Bull being shut down. Toro Rosso, which was less flexible than Red Bull due to its small capacities, finally renewed its connection to Scuderia Ferrari, which had existed until 2013, in November 2015 and stayed open the opportunity to compete in Formula 1 in 2016. However, the racing at Toro Rosso was linked to that of the British mother team. It was only when Red Bull and Renault agreed to continue the business relationship on December 4, 2015 that it was ensured that Toro Rosso could also start in 2016. After the team had used the same engine as Red Bull in 2017, it was the successor to McLaren as the exclusive engine partner of Honda in 2018 , until the start of the 2019 season, Red Bull also entered into a partnership with the Japanese manufacturer.
For the 2020 season , the racing team changed its registration name to Scuderia AlphaTauri. The aim is to make AlphaTauri, a clothing brand belonging to the Red Bull Group, known.
2006 to 2019: Scuderia Toro Rosso
2006: year of transition
The engine supplier for 2006 was Cosworth , so the partnership with the British engine manufacturer was taken over by Minardi. From 2006 onwards, the regulations basically restricted the use of eight-cylinder engines with a displacement of 2.4 liters (see Formula 1 rules ). Due to an exception, Toro Rosso was able to continue to use the previous 3.0 liter ten- cylinder engines. This special regulation had been enforced by the last Minardi owner Paul Stoddart in view of the low budget of the Italian racing team. In order not to give Toro Rosso an advantage over the other teams, the engines had to have a speed limit of 16,700 rpm. In addition, an air flow limiter had to be used.
Midland F1 Racing and Super Aguri F1 in particular resisted the use of ten-cylinder engines. They argued that with the takeover by Red Bull, the team would be financially sound and that one would not have to take advantage of the inexpensive exception rule. However, Toro Rosso insisted on the exemption.
But despite the use of the ten-cylinder engines, the team was only able to finish in the points once. Vitantonio Liuzzi took eighth place and thus one point at the US Grand Prix . Toro Rosso was more competitive than the previous Minardi team, but they could only keep two teams behind them (MidlandF1 and Super Aguri). In the course of the season the team got closer and closer to the main Red Bull Racing team and was sometimes even faster, but that was more due to the poor performance of the “big brother” than to their own performance.
2007–2009: Red Bull chassis
From the 2007 season , there were uniform tires from Bridgestone for all teams . This decision contributed to increasing equal opportunities. In addition, the ten-cylinder engines from Cosworth were replaced by Ferrari V8 engines. The Red Bull Racing Team used these engines in 2006, but wanted to use Renault's world champion engines for 2007 . The Ferrari engines were transferred to the second team with the argument that Ferrari engines would be better suited to the Italian Toro Rosso team than to the main Red Bull Racing team. The two drivers remained Vitantonio Liuzzi and Scott Speed .
After the European Grand Prix , in which the American, like his teammate Liuzzi, slipped off the track in the rain, there was an argument with team principal Franz Tost. According to Speed, Tost rammed his fist in the back and hit a wall. After this incident, Toro Rosso announced on 31 July 2007 that Scott Speed from the Hungarian Grand Prix by the test driver of BMW Sauber , Sebastian Vettel , will be replaced. At the Chinese Grand Prix , the team achieved the best result in team history to date, after both drivers with Sebastian Vettel in fourth and Liuzzi in sixth had scored eight important points for the constructors' championship.
In August 2007 it was announced that in the 2008 season Vitantonio Liuzzi will be replaced as a regular driver by the French and four-time Champ Car champion Sébastien Bourdais . This drove straight into the points in his first Formula 1 race. In fourth place, he was eliminated three laps before the end due to an engine failure, but benefited from the many failures of the other drivers and the disqualification of Rubens Barrichello , was ultimately classified seventh and received two points. Sebastian Vettel opened his points account in the rain race in Monaco with a fifth place. At the Hockenheimring he took 8th place, another point, as well as in Canada, where he even got the last point despite starting from the pit lane. On September 13, 2008, Scuderia Toro Rosso achieved their first pole position in qualifying for the Italian Grand Prix with Sebastian Vettel . Sebastian Vettel subsequently won the race as the youngest driver in the history of Formula 1, bringing his team the first ever victory. In the other four races, Vettel finished three more times in the points. In the end, Scuderia Toro Rosso finished sixth in the constructors' world championship, ahead of sister team Red Bull Racing.
In the 2009 season , the team started with the drivers Sébastien Bourdais and Sébastien Buemi . The season was contested with the Toro Rosso STR4 , which was a derivative of the Red Bull RB4 used last year . In the opening race in Australia , both drivers managed to score world championship points. At the Hungarian Grand Prix , Bourdais was replaced by Jaime Alguersuari . The performances of the previous year could not be repeated, especially due to the weak performance of the team in the middle of the season. They finally finished tenth and last place in the constructors' world championship with eight championship points.
From 2010: Independent chassis manufacturer
For the 2010 season , for the first time since 2006, the regulations prohibited the use of third-party chassis; Toro Rosso was therefore no longer allowed to use Red Bull constructions and had to construct its own racing car for the first time in its existence. This required considerable restructuring. The team in Faenza, which had not had its own design department since 2005, had to set up a suitable infrastructure. In addition, the workforce was increased from 165 to 257, and finally Toro Rosso acquired the old wind tunnel of the Red Bull team in Bicester, UK. Under the direction of Giorgio Ascanelli and Ben Butler , the Toro Rosso STR5 was developed in the course of 2009 , which no longer had any points of contact with Red Bull.
In order to give the team stability during this time of upheaval, Toro Rosso confirmed last year's driver pairing for the 2010 season. In January 2010, the team also named the replacement and test pilots for the new season. Brendon Hartley, who had partly already done this job the previous year, and Daniel Ricciardo , reigning champion of the British Formula 3 Championship , took turns as reserve drivers from race to race. In addition, both took this position with the sister team Red Bull Racing. If both drivers are prevented, David Coulthard should take over the position of test and substitute driver.
Toro Rosso drove a total of 13 world championship points in 2010 and finished ninth in the constructors' championship. The best result was Buemi's eighth place at the Canadian Grand Prix .
In 2011 , Buemi and Alguersuari remained the regular drivers of the Italian racing team. Ricciardo remained a test and reserve driver and also played a few Friday appearances for the team. From the Grand Prix of Great Britain Ricciardo became a regular driver for the rival HRT team .
Toro Rosso used the STR6 in 2011 . The car was again an in-house design, developed under the direction of technical director Giorgio Ascanelli. As in previous years, an eight-cylinder engine from Ferrari served as the drive.
Toro Rosso drove a total of 41 world championship points in 2011 and finished the season in eighth place in the constructors' championship. It was more successful than the traditional British team Williams , which only finished ninth with 5 world championship points; the gap to the seventh-placed Swiss Sauber team, which also used a Ferrari engine, was only three points.
In the 2012 season , Toro Rosso competed with Daniel Ricciardo and Jean-Éric Vergne with a new pair of drivers. Buemi stayed with Toro Rosso as a test driver and also took over this position at Red Bull.
The emergency vehicle was the Toro Rosso STR7 , developed under the direction of Giorgio Ascanelli , which in turn was powered by a Ferrari engine. In addition to Red Bull, sponsors were the Spanish mineral oil manufacturer Cepsa , Falcon Private Bank and NOVA Chemicals .
The sporting performance of Toro Rosso in the first half of the 2012 season fell short of the expectations of the team management. After eleven of 20 races, the team had only scored six world championship points and was in 9th place in the intermediate ranking. It was the worst of the established teams; Force India, ranked eighth, had a 40 point lead after the Hungarian Grand Prix . As the season progressed, Toro Rosso's performance improved and Ricciardo and Vergne scored multiple points. At the end of the season, Toro Rosso was ninth with 26 points.
The technical director Giorgio Ascanelli was on leave in July 2012. His successor has been the former Sauber designer James Key since September .
In the 2013 Formula 1 World Championship , Toro Rosso again competed with Jean-Éric Vergne and Daniel Ricciardo. The racing car is the Toro Rosso STR8 developed by James Key , which, like its predecessors, used Ferrari engines. Toro Rosso scored points in six of the first seven races of the year. The best individual result was Vergne's sixth place in the Canadian Grand Prix . With seventh place on the grid, Vergne also achieved the best qualification result for two years. After the last race, Toro Rosso finished eighth in the constructors' championship with 33 points. The team was able to position itself in front of the traditional Williams racing team.
At the end of the 2013 season, the seven-year relationship between Toro Rosso and Ferrari ended. Ricciardo also left the team at the end of the year: he switched to Red Bull Racing for the 2014 Formula 1 World Championship, replacing Mark Webber .
From the 2014 season , Toro Rosso and Red Bull used six-cylinder Renault Energy F1 2014 engines . Observers rated the change of engine supplier as an opportunity to increase the synergy effects between Toro Rosso and Red Bull. It was expected that Toro Rosso would help the parent team develop the drive system further. The emergency vehicle was the Toro Rosso STR9 , which in turn was designed by James Key. The drivers were Jean-Éric Vergne, who remained in the team, and the Russian Formula 1 debutant Daniil Kwjat . At the end of the season, Toro Rosso finished seventh in the constructors' championship with 30 points; it was the team's best result since 2008.
The technical package remained unchanged for the 2015 season . Toro Rosso continued to use Renault engines. The Toro Rosso STR10 was conceptually based on the previous model, but had undergone numerous detailed modifications. At the turn of the year, Toro Rosso swapped the driver pairing. Kwjat went to Red Bull, where he took over Sebastian Vettel's cockpit. Jean-Éric Vergne also left the team; he took on the role of test driver at Ferrari for 2015. As a driver, Toro Rosso signed the debutants Carlos Sainz junior and Max Verstappen , whose father Jos had driven in 2003 for Toro Rosso's predecessor team Minardi. Verstappen finished fourth in both Hungary and the USA . He achieved the team's best individual results since Vettel's victory in Italy in 2008 . At the end of the season, Toro Rosso was again seventh in the constructors' championship with 67 points. The lead over the eighth-placed Sauber team was 31 points, Toro Rosso was eleven points behind the sixth-placed Lotus team .
In the 2016 season, Toro Rosso competed with the Toro Rosso STR11 , which was a further development of last year's model. The STR11 was powered by the Ferrari 059/4 , a 1.6 liter V6 engine with a turbocharger . The engine had the specification for the 2015 season. Sauber and Haas , the other Ferrari customer teams, on the other hand, like the works team, used engines that were at the level of development from 2016. Toro Rosso was the only team to compete in 2016 with engines from the previous year.
As in the previous year, the drivers were initially Carlos Sainz Jr. and Max Verstappen. However, after Daniil Kwjat, one of Red Bull's regular drivers, was involved in several collisions at the start of the season, Red Bull's team management transferred him to Toro Rosso from the Spanish Grand Prix , while Verstappen Kwjat's place in the main team.
With a few exceptions, Toro Rosso regularly made it into the points with at least one car in the first half of the season. The best results so far were two sixth places from Verstappen ( Bahrain ) and Sainz jr ( Spain ). After the last European World Championship round in Italy , Toro Rosso was the best Ferrari customer team and finished seventh in the constructors' championship with 45 points. Haas F1 was eighth with 28 points, while Sauber was last without a world championship point.
For the 2017 season , Toro Rosso returned to Renault engines. The emergency vehicle was the Toro Rosso STR12 . The pairing of drivers at the start of the season initially corresponded to the previous year, but Toro Rosso changed both drivers during the course of the year. From the Malaysian Grand Prix , Pierre Gasly initially took over Kwjat's cockpit, and in the fall Carlos Sainz Jr. moved to the Renault works team. Brendon Hartley then drove in his place from the US Grand Prix . The trigger for the latter change was a deal between Honda , Renault, Red Bull, Toro Rosso and McLaren, which was primarily about an engine swap for the 2018 season. The teams involved agreed in September 2017 that from 2018 Honda would supply Toro Rosso with engines instead of McLaren and McLaren would receive Renault engines instead. As part of this deal, Renault also took over Toro Rosso driver Carlos Sainz junior, who replaced Jolyon Palmer there before the end of the 2017 season .
At the opening race in Australia , the Toro Rosso drivers finished eighth (Sainz) and ninth and thus achieved better results than their rivals McLaren, Renault and Sauber. With seventh and ninth places in Spain , the team was even able to work its way up to 5th place in the constructors' championship, but then fell back to sixth position behind Williams by the middle of the season. At the end of the season, Toro Rosso finished seventh in the constructors' championship with 53 points.
In the 2018 season , Toro Rosso competed again with Pierre Gasly and Brendon Hartley. The emergency vehicle was the STR13 , which was again developed under the direction of James Key. Honda replaced Renault as an engine partner. The team finished 9th in the constructors' championship at the end of the season.
The team contested the racing year with the STR14 . After Hartley had to leave Formula 1 and Gasly switched to Red Bull Racing for the new season , Daniil Kwjat and Alexander Albon first took over the cockpits for the 2019 season. After the summer break, Pierre Gasly returned to Toro Rosso, while Alexander Albon swapped for the sister team Red Bull Racing switched. Toro Rosso had a strong season. At the German Grand Prix , Kwjat took third place, the first podium for the team since Sebastian Vettel's victory in Italy in 2008 . Gasly came second in Brazil . This is the first time in its history that the racing team has achieved two podiums in one year. In addition, they regularly scored points, a total of 85, and at the end of the season set their best performance of the 2008 season with sixth place overall . Gasly finished seventh overall in the drivers' standings while Kwjat was 13th. Albon ended the season in eighth place after joining Red Bull.
2020: Scuderia AlphaTauri
In the 2020 season , the team will appear as Scuderia AlphaTauri. The emergency vehicle is the AlphaTauri AT01 , which, like its Toro Rosso predecessor, is powered by a Honda engine. The driver pairing corresponds to that of the previous year. AlphaTauri is currently in seventh place in the constructors' championship after the sixth race with 16 points.
Numbers and dates
Statistics in Formula 1
Status: 2020 Spanish Grand Prix
|season||Team name||chassis||engine||tires||Grand Prix||Victories||Second||Third||Poles||nice Round||Points||World Cup rank|
|2006||Scuderia Toro Rosso||Toro Rosso STR1||Cosworth 3.0 V10||M.||18th||-||-||-||-||-||1||9.|
|2007||Scuderia Toro Rosso||Toro Rosso STR2||Ferrari 2.4 V8||B.||17th||-||-||-||-||-||8th||7th|
|2008||Scuderia Toro Rosso||Toro Rosso STR2B / STR3||Ferrari 2.4 V8||B.||18th||1||-||-||1||-||39||6th|
|2009||Scuderia Toro Rosso||Toro Rosso STR4||Ferrari 2.4 V8||B.||17th||-||-||-||-||-||8th||10.|
|2010||Scuderia Toro Rosso||Toro Rosso STR5||Ferrari 2.4 V8||B.||19th||-||-||-||-||-||13||9.|
|2011||Scuderia Toro Rosso||Toro Rosso STR6||Ferrari 2.4 V8||P||19th||-||-||-||-||-||41||8th.|
|2012||Scuderia Toro Rosso||Toro Rosso STR7||Ferrari 2.4 V8||P||20th||-||-||-||-||-||26th||9.|
|2013||Scuderia Toro Rosso||Toro Rosso STR8||Ferrari 2.4 V8||P||19th||-||-||-||-||-||33||8th.|
|2014||Scuderia Toro Rosso||Toro Rosso STR9||Renault Energy F1 2014||P||19th||-||-||-||-||-||30th||7th|
|2015||Scuderia Toro Rosso||Toro Rosso STR10||Renault Energy F1 2015||P||19th||-||-||-||-||-||67||7th|
|2016||Scuderia Toro Rosso||Toro Rosso STR11||Ferrari 059/4||P||21st||-||-||-||-||1||63||7th|
|2017||Scuderia Toro Rosso||Toro Rosso STR12||Renault RE17||P||20th||-||-||-||-||-||53||7th|
|2018||Red Bull Toro Rosso Honda||Toro Rosso STR13||Honda 1.6 V6 Hybrid||P||21st||-||-||-||-||-||33||9.|
|2019||Red Bull Toro Rosso Honda||Toro Rosso STR14||Honda 1.6 V6 Hybrid||P||21st||-||1||1||-||-||85||6th|
|2020||Scuderia AlphaTauri Honda||AlphaTauri AT01||Honda 1.6 V6 Hybrid||P||6th||-||-||-||-||-||16||7th|
All drivers of the Scuderia Toro Rosso / Scuderia AlphaTauri in Formula 1
Status: 2020 Spanish Grand Prix
|Surname||Years||Grand Prix||Points||Victories||Second||Third||Poles||SR||best WM-Pos.|
|Daniil Kvyat||2014, 2016–2017, 2019–||78||56||-||-||1||-||1||13. ( 2019 )|
|Jean-Éric Vergne||2012-2014||58||51||-||-||-||-||-||13th ( 2014 )|
|Carlos Sainz Jr.||2015-2017||56||112||-||-||-||-||-||9. ( 2017 )|
|Sébastien Buemi||2009-2011||55||29||-||-||-||-||-||15th ( 2011 )|
|Jaime Alguersuari||2009-2011||46||31||-||-||-||-||-||14th ( 2011 )|
|Pierre Gasly||2017–2018, 2019–||41||75||-||1||-||-||-||7. ( 2019 )|
|Daniel Ricciardo||2012-2013||39||30th||-||-||-||-||-||14th ( 2013 )|
|Vitantonio Liuzzi||2006-2007||35||4th||-||-||-||-||-||18th ( 2007 )|
|Scott Speed||2006-2007||28||-||-||-||-||-||-||20th ( 2006 )|
|Sébastien Bourdais||2008-2009||27||6th||-||-||-||-||-||17th ( 2008 )|
|Brendon Hartley||2017-2018||25th||4th||-||-||-||-||-||19th ( 2018 )|
|Sebastian Vettel||2007-2008||25th||40||1||-||-||1||-||2008 )8. (|
|Max Verstappen||2015-2016||23||62||-||-||-||-||-||12. ( 2015 )|
|Alexander Albon||2019||12||16||-||-||-||-||-||8. ( 2019 )|
Current drivers are shown in yellow.
Results in Formula 1
|V. Liuzzi||20th||11||11||DNF||14th||DNF||15 *||10||13||13||8th||13||10||DNF||DNF||14th||10||14th||13|
|V. Liuzzi||18th||14th||17th||DNF||DNF||DNF||DNF||17 *||DNF||16 *||DNF||DNF||15th||17th||12||9||6th||13|
|S. Bourdais||14th||7 *||DNF||15th||DNF||DNF||DNF||13||17th||11||12||18th||10||7th||18th||12||10||13||14th|
|S. Buemi||12||7th||16 *||8th||17th||DNF||DNF||15th||18th||16||16||DNF||12||13||DNF||DNF||7th||8th|
|J. Alguersuari||19th||11||14th||DNF||16||16||DNF||8th||8th||10||12||10||DNF||7th||21 *||15th||7th||8th||15th||11|
|J. Vergne||18th||12||10||12||DNF||DNF||8th||6th||DNF||DNF||12||12||DNF||14th||18 *||12||13||17th||16||15th|
|D. Ricciardo||19th||DNF||18 *||7th||16||10||DNF||15th||8th||12||13||10||7th||DNF||19 *||13||10||16||11||10|
|M. Verstappen||33||DNF||7th||17 *||DNF||11||DNF||15th||8th||DNF||4th||8th||12||8th||9||10||4th||9||9||16|
|D. Kvyat||26th||9||DNF||12||12||9||15 *||DNF||DNF||16||15th||12||12||12||DNF||10|
|B. Hartley||28||15th||17th||20 *||10||12||19 *||DNF||14th||DNF||DNF||10||11||14th||DNF||17th||DNF||13||9||14th||11||12|
|P. Gasly||10||9||11||8th||14th||7th||9||16 *||2||18th|
|D. Kvyat||26th||12 *||10||12||DNF||10||12|
|green||-||Placement in the points|
|blue||-||Classified outside the point ranks|
|violet||DNF||Race not finished (did not finish)|
|red||DNQ||did not qualify|
|DNPQ||failed in pre-qualification (did not pre-qualify)|
|White||DNS||not at the start (did not start)|
|Light Blue||PO||only participated in the training (practiced only)|
|TD||Friday test driver|
|without||DNP||did not participate in the training (did not practice)|
|INJ||injured or sick|
|DNA||did not arrive|
|no participation in the World Cup|
|other||P / bold||Pole position|
|SR / italic||Fastest race lap|
|*||not at the finish,
but counted due to the distance covered
|underlined||Leader in the overall standings|
Overview of the current staff
|Area of responsibility||Surname|
|Regular driver||Daniil Kvyat|
|Team boss||Franz Tost|
|Team manager||Graham Watson|
|technical director||Jody Egginton|
|Chief designer||Ben Butler|
|Chief aerodynamicist||Nicolo Petrucci|
|Race engineer||Pierre Hamelin|
|Race engineer||Marco Matassa|
|Team owner||Dietrich Mateschitz|
- Red Irvine in talks over Minardi sale. BBC.co.uk, September 2, 2005, accessed September 19, 2016 .
- "Berger separates from Toro Rosso" (Spiegel.de on November 25, 2008)
- "Toro Rosso is for sale" ( Memento of the original from September 19, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (Auto-motor-und-sport.de on March 18, 2008)
- "Red Bull extends engine deadline until mid-November". (No longer available online.) F1today.net, November 2, 2015, archived from the original on December 11, 2015 ; Retrieved December 7, 2015 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Maria Reyer: "Official: Toro Rosso 2016 with Ferrari drive". motorsport-total.com, December 4, 2015, accessed December 7, 2015 .
- NN: Toro Rosso's name change to AlphaTauri confirmed in provisional 2020 entry list. formula1.com, November 30, 2019, accessed January 25, 2020 .
- "Official: Toro Rosso signs Bourdais" (Motorsport-total.com on August 10, 2007)
- Auto Motor und Sport Spezial Formula 1 2010, p. 60.
- "Red Bull: Ricciardo and Hartley on the substitute bench" (Motorsport-Total.com on January 26, 2010)
- Franz Tost stated in an interview with the specialist magazine motorsport aktuell: "I am absolutely not satisfied with the situation". See issue 35/2012, p. 4.
- Only the newly founded teams Caterham, Marussia and HRT were behind Toro Rosso with no world championship points.
- "On vacation: Ascnanelli leaves Toro Rosso". News from July 20, 2012 on the website www.motorsport-total.com .
- Toro Rosso confirms James Key as the new chief technology officer: News from September 6, 2012 on the website www.motorsport-total.com .
- Marc Surer: Teamcheck Toro Rosso 2014 , in: Kicker special edition Formula 1 2014, p. 87.
- Dominik Sharaf: Red Bull confirms: Verstappen is replacing Kwjat with immediate effect! Motorsport-Total.com, May 5, 2016, accessed September 19, 2016 .
- Mathias Brunner: McLaren: Honda separation, Renault until 2020. speedweek.com, September 15, 2017, accessed on September 15, 2017 .
- Interview: Pierre Hamelin, race engineer of Daniil Kvyat. Retrieved December 2, 2018 .