Renault F1 Team
|Surname||Renault F1 Team|
|Companies||Renault Sport Racing Limited|
Enstone , United Kingdom Viry-Châtillon , France
|Team boss||Cyril Abiteboul|
|Technical Director||Pat Fry|
|driver||(3) Daniel Ricciardo (31) Esteban Ocon
|First Grand Prix||UK 1977|
|Constructors' championship||2 ( 2005 , 2006 )|
|Drivers World Championship||2 (2005, 2006)|
|Position 2019||5. (91 points)|
|(As of: Spanish Grand Prix 2020)|
Renault F1 Team , until 2018 Renault Sport F1 Team , is a UK- based motorsport team that has participated in the Formula 1 World Championship since 2016 . The team belonging to the French car manufacturer Renault succeeds the previous Lotus F1 team . It is already the third factory Formula 1 outing for the French company. Renault was already involved in Formula 1 from 1977 to 1985 as Equipe Renault and from 2001 to 2009 as Renault F1 ; Fernando Alonso was world champion in 2005 and 2006 with the works team . The company is also one of the most successful manufacturers of Formula 1 engines for the past 30 years. As the supplier of teams like Williams , Benetton and Red Bull , Renault won a total of nine drivers' world championships between 1992 and 2013 with Nigel Mansell , Alain Prost , Michael Schumacher , Damon Hill , Jacques Villeneuve and Sebastian Vettel . Renault F1 established turbo technology in Grand Prix racing in the late 1970s . Renault's involvement in Formula 1 meant that numerous other automobile manufacturers entered the top motorsport class as engine suppliers.
Background: Formula Renault and Formula 2
The French state company Renault played a central role in national motorsport in the 1970s. The starting point for Renault's motorsport commitment was the Formule France racing series, which was held in France from 1968 , a brand formula that was located below Formula 3 and was organized by the Fédération Française du Sport Automobile (FFSA) until 1970 . In the series unit engines were used, which were derived from an engine of the Renault 8 . At the end of 1970, the FFSA ended its participation in Formule France; then Renault took over the organization. From 1971 it received the name Formula Renault . Well-known drivers were René Arnoux , Jacques Laffite , Michel Leclère , Didier Pironi and Patrick Tambay . Some of them later drove for Renault in Formula 1.
At the beginning of the 1970s, Renault turned to Formula 2 . A six-cylinder engine was developed under the direction of Bernard Dudot , which for a few years represented an alternative to the widespread BMW four-cylinder in the European championship. From 1974, the Ecurie Elf and Elf Switzerland team, led by Jean Sage, started using Renault engines for Jean-Pierre Jabouille , who won the Formula 2 championship with them in 1976. The racing team enjoyed indirect factory support: the sports car manufacturer Alpine , which is closely associated with Renault, was involved in the development of the racing cars used by the team. From 1978 Renault engines were only used very sporadically in Formula 2.
The factory team
1977 to 1985: the turbo era
The first phase of the factory engagement began in the late 1970s and lasted for almost a decade. During this time, Renault revolutionized Formula 1 by introducing turbocharged engines. For several years, turbo technology was a unique selling point of the Renault team, which was initially ridiculed by competitors. Two years passed from the first race to the first victory in which Renault had to endure a lot of criticism and ridicule. The team manager Jean Sage described the commitment in the first two years as a "painful path". During this time, Renault invested a lot of money in the further development of the technical concept, the superiority of which would only become apparent after overcoming the most serious reliability deficiencies and in connection with the simultaneous ground effect . When competitors such as BMW , Ferrari , Honda or Porsche turned seriously to turbo technology, Renault already had a lead of several years in experience. Despite this lead, Renault did not succeed in winning the drivers 'or constructors' championships in the turbo era.
After the successes in smaller motorsport classes, Renault's then PDG Bernard Hanon decided in the summer of 1975 to expand its involvement in Formula 1.
At the end of 1975 the decision was made to compete in Formula 1 with a completely new concept. Inspired by the indy car scene, engine designer Bernard Dudot advocated the introduction of turbo technology into Formula 1. Hanon agreed, expecting to be able to demonstrate Renault's technical expertise by developing a new concept.
Turbocharged engines were approved by the Formula 1 regulations as an alternative to naturally aspirated engines; however, they have not been used by any engine manufacturer since the introduction of the so-called three-liter formula in 1966. In other motor sport classes, however, turbo engines have been used for some time with convincing results. In the 1970s, for example, turbocharged engines from Offenhauser were regularly used in the indy car scene , and in the racing sports car sector, the Porsche 917, with outputs of up to 810 kW (1,100 hp), impressed .
Bernard Dudot was responsible for developing the turbo engine. He derived the 1.5-liter engine from the two-liter Formula 2 engine designed a few years earlier. The engine was ready for use from the early summer of 1976. As a tribute to Amedée Gordini , who had his own Formula 1 team in the 1950s and was later responsible for Renault's motorsport activities, the engines were given the name Renault-Gordini, which was retained until 1983.
The first turbo engines were installed in 1976 in a chassis that Alpine had built shortly beforehand for its own potential Formula 1 involvement. The black painted Alpine A500 designed by André de Cortanze used the suspension of the Alpine A442 and had a barrel-shaped engine cover. It was extensively tested by Jean-Pierre Jabouille on several French racetracks and in Jarama between June 1976 and spring 1977 before it was used for the first time in a Formula 1 race in the summer of 1977.
1977: debut season without a finish
Renault's works team, the Equipe Renault, made its Formula 1 debut at the British Grand Prix in July 1977. Renault was the first all-French Formula 1 team: the chassis and engine had been developed in France and the driver - Jean-Pierre Jabouille - was a Frenchman, and the tires ( Michelin ) and the fuel ( Elf ) also came from France. Team leader was Gérard Larrousse , chief engineer was André de Cortanze, and Bernard Dudot was responsible for looking after the engine.
In the debut season, the team only took part in five races, which were primarily used to test the vehicle: the yellow and black painted Renault RS01 , the first Formula 1 car with an exhaust gas turbocharger, was still an experimental vehicle at that time its first form still had a strong resemblance to the Alpine A500 and was further developed significantly - and clearly externally - in the second half of the year.
Jabouille did not finish in a single race in 1977. He was canceled four times due to a technical defect, and once - at the Canadian Grand Prix - he missed qualification. The biggest technical problem was the lack of reliability of the turbo engine. In the first race at Silverstone it lasted 16 laps, in the first qualifying in Canada it exploded on the first lap. Because of the susceptibility of the engine to defects and its tendency to fail with heavy smoke, the Renault RS01 received the nickname "La théière jaune" (the yellow tea kettle) in the press.
1978: The first points for a Formula 1 car with a turbo engine
In the 1978 Formula 1 season , Renault competed again with the RS01, the mechanics and body of which had been heavily redesigned. The only driver of the team was still Jean-Pierre Jabouille.
Renault skipped the two South American races that started the 1978 season and competed in South Africa for the first time that year . From then on there were regular races.
Renault was soon able to achieve good results in the qualification runs. Jabouille usually started the races from the first half of the field. At the Grand Prix of South Africa he drove the sixth fastest training time, at the Österreichring and in Monza he even qualified for third place on the grid. Nevertheless, Renault was rarely able to convert these starting positions into racing successes. As in the previous year, the season was marked by numerous technical failures. Jabouille dropped out nine times of the 14 races in which the team competed, including seven consecutive times from the Swedish Grand Prix in June to the Dutch Grand Prix in August. The team could only finish five races in 1978.
The first finish of a turbo-powered Formula 1 car was at the Monaco Grand Prix . On the street circuit, on the short straights of which turbo engines were unable to show their performance advantage, Jabouille crossed the finish line in tenth place, four laps behind the winner, Patrick Depailler ( Tyrrell ). At the penultimate race of the season, the US Grand Prix on October 1, 1978, Renault was finally able to reap the "well-deserved fruits of its work": After a flawless race, Jabouille crossed the finish line in fourth. Crossing the finish line in third place and thus a place on the podium had long been possible, but Jabouille was forced to drive slowly in the final laps due to declining brakes and very high fuel consumption. Renault finished the season with three world championship points in twelfth place in the constructors' championship.
1979: the first victory
In its third season, Renault competed with two drivers for the first time. In addition to Jabouille, the team reported the French René Arnoux , who had made his Formula 1 debut the year before in the short-lived experiment Tico Martinis .
The (again revised) RS01 reappeared as an emergency vehicle in the first four races, after which Renault reported the completely redesigned RS10 under the direction of Michel Tétu . It was a ground effect vehicle with wide side pods with inverted wing profiles. This aerodynamic detail helped the car to use the power of the turbo engines much more effectively than the previous model. The engine had been improved. It now had two KKK turbochargers, developed 520 hp and had better responsiveness. Renault made four vehicles called the RS10, RS11, RS12 and RS14.
The reliability of the Renaults was still a problem. Jabouille only crossed the finish line four times in 15 world championship races, three of them with an RS10. Nevertheless, in 1979 the potential of the combination of turbo engine and ground effect became clear. After Jabouille had already achieved the team's first pole position with the RS01 in South Africa , the Renaults were repeatedly on the front row in the second half of the season. Jabouille achieved three more pole positions ( France , Germany , Italy ), Arnoux two ( Austria , Netherlands ). In France and Italy, the Renaults started from position one and two
The most successful race of the year was the French Grand Prix on the Dijon-Prenois circuit . Here Jabouille drove the first victory of a Formula 1 car with a turbo engine. Due to the higher engine power, he managed to overtake the initially leading Ferrari driver Gilles Villeneuve in the middle of the race . He did not give up the leadership until the end. In the last three laps of the race, Villeneuve and third-placed Arnoux fought for second place. Arnoux had the more powerful car, but had to drive with reduced power to reduce fuel consumption. Both went wheel to wheel in the last lap and touched each other several times. Arnoux initially overtook Villeneuve, but eventually had to admit defeat and crossed the finish line in third. Both Renault drivers were on the podium at their home Grand Prix. Renault dedicated the victory to the memory of Amédée Gordinis, who had died five weeks earlier.
In 1979, Jabouille was unable to achieve a similarly good result. With the exception of the Italian Grand Prix, which he finished in fourteenth, he dropped out of all the remaining races of the year due to technical defects. René Arnoux came second at the Great Britain and the USA (East) .
Arnoux finished the 1979 season with 17 points in eighth place in the drivers' world championship, Jabouille was thirteenth with nine points. Renault finished the year in sixth place in the constructors' championship.
1980 and 1981: On the way to becoming a top team
In the 1980 season , Renault started with the new RE20 vehicle and the existing driver pairing of Jean-Pierre Jabouille and René Arnoux. Arnoux in particular was greatly improved. He won two races ( Brazil , South Africa ), took another second place and led the drivers' standings after the race in South Africa. After the strong start to the season, however, the performance decreased again and the number of failures increased. In the end, Arnoux came in sixth in the World Championship with 29 points. Jabouille, on the other hand, had a disappointing and ultimately tragic year. He dropped out in all but two races. This also includes his victory in Austria , which was also his only arrival in the points. At the penultimate race of the season in Canada , Jabouille had a serious accident due to a suspension damage and suffered such complicated broken legs that his Formula 1 career was effectively over (a comeback attempt the following year at Ligier was unsuccessful). At the end of the season, Renault came fourth in the constructors' championship with 38 points.
With the signing of the French super talent Alain Prost from McLaren , who joined the team for Jabouille, Renault achieved the big hit in 1981 . Prost was able to convince in particular with the RE30, which was used from the sixth race of the season, and achieved a total of three victories ( France , Netherlands , Italy ) and two second places in the season , plus a third place with the revised vehicle from last year, RE20B. With this, Prost still had a chance of the drivers 'championship until the penultimate race of the season and in the end he finished fifth in the drivers' championship with 43 points, just 7 points behind world champion Nelson Piquet . René Arnoux was less successful in 1981 with 11 points, including a second place, but thanks to his performance, Renault came third in the constructors' championship with a total of 54 points. In addition to Renault, this year, with Ferrari ( Ferrari 126CK ) and Toleman , competing teams used turbo engines for the first time, but did not come close to Renault in the overall standings. However, Ferrari driver Gilles Villeneuve has already won two races with this engine technology, which is new for Ferrari, so that it became clear that Renault had started a kind of arms race among the established teams with its turbo concept.
1982 and 1983: Failed favorites
At the beginning of the 1982 season , Renault and Prost were considered favorites for the respective titles, especially since Prost had already won the first two races of the season in South Africa and Brazil with aplomb, also drove the fastest lap and also started from pole position in Brazil ( in South Africa, on the other hand, the third-placed Arnoux started from there). In the rest of the season, however, the lack of steadfastness of the revised RE30B once again thwarted the bill - after this promising start, seven races with five pole positions passed without a single finish for the Renault drivers. This situation only improved in the second half of the season, but it was now Arnoux who won the races ( France , Italy ), while Prost was only able to achieve two second places and two more points. Neither driver could intervene in the title fight. In the end, Prost came fourth with 34 points and Arnoux came sixth with 28 points. Renault achieved third place in the constructors 'championship with 62 points, while Ferrari won the first constructors' title for a turbo vehicle with 74 points.
In 1983 Arnoux switched to Ferrari. Renault brought the US-American Eddie Cheever into the team, which competed with the new RE40. In particular, the team was able to improve significantly in terms of reliability: Prost only dropped out three times in the entire season, Cheever at least seven races. Prost crossed the finish line in each of the first eleven races of the season, won four races and, after the race in Austria , was 14 points ahead of Nelson Piquet. Then, however, the aforementioned series of failures began, whereas Piquet was able to collect enough points in the last four races of the season with two wins and a third place to overtake Prost at the season finale in South Africa and achieve the team's first world title with a turbo engine Bringing Brabham and the engine supplier BMW . So Prost was only the runner-up in the world championship despite his 57 points. Eddie Cheever achieved less. Although he achieved a total of four podium positions, due to the numerous failures he only had 22 points and seventh place in the drivers' championship. Renault achieved a total of 79 points, but had to surrender again in the constructors' championship to the Ferrari team, whose drivers René Arnoux and Patrick Tambay had together achieved 10 points more. The British team Lotus , which competed with Renault customer engines for the first time this year, left the works team well behind - the 93T , which was the first car of the traditional racing team to be powered by these engines, was problematic, and the significantly improved 94T was only available in the second half of the season Available.
1984 and 1985: decline and retreat
Disputes and mutual criticism in view of the narrowly missed title led to the separation of Prost and Renault very soon after the end of the 1983 season. The driver then returned to McLaren, while Renault put together a new driver duo of Patrick Tambay and Derek Warwick for its RE50 . As mentioned, the former had contributed to Ferrari's victory in the constructors' championship last year, the latter had shown a clearly rising form at Toleman towards the end of 1983. In the 1984 season, however, neither driver was able to match Renault's achievements in previous years: the dropouts became more frequent again, there were no more pole positions or victories, and the best results of the season were a handful of podiums. With just 34 points, Renault fell back to fifth place in the constructors' championship. Warwick brought the better results of the drivers, but the 23 points he scored were only enough for 7th place in the drivers' standings. Renault had to admit defeat to the Lotus customer team, which came third in the ranking with 13 points more.
In 1985 the downturn continued. The same driver pairing achieved even less with the RE60. The best results of the season were two third places from Patrick Tambay, besides there were only a few places in the points. At the end of the season, Renault fell back to seventh place in the constructors' championship with just 17 points. That was also bitter because this time with Lotus (71 points, 4th place) and Ligier (23 points, 6th place), both Renault engine customers did better than the works team. Under the impression of this declining performance, Renault initially withdrew from Formula 1 as a designer and instead concentrated on engine development. The Renault team's holdings were then sold to the Automobiles Gonfaronnaises Sportives (AGS) racing team , which used the existing technology for its own Formula 1 appearance from the following season .
2001 to 2009: Renault as Benetton's successor
After the end of its engagement as an engine supplier, Renault prepared to return as a works team from 2002 . To this end, the group took over the Benetton team in March 2000, but in the following 2001 season still acted as Benetton's engine supplier. In addition, ex-Benetton team boss Flavio Briatore was hired again as manager in order to lead the newly formed Renault F1 team to success. In addition to the regular drivers Jarno Trulli and Jenson Button , the youngster Fernando Alonso was brought on board as a test driver, who rose to become a regular driver in 2003 after switching from Button to BAR .
2001–2004: Consolidation and advancement
In the two years in which Renault was owned, the Benetton team was still in the middle of the field, although performance in 2001 fell relatively short in view of temporarily strengthened competition such as Sauber and BAR. In 2002 the team, which has now been renamed, was able to recover and stabilize, and in 2003 was already competitive from the start of the season. Fernando Alonso in particular was convincing and, after several podium finishes in the first half of the season, scored his first victory at the Hungarian Grand Prix - the first for Renault since 1983 (the previous Benetton team had won a race for the last time in 1997). This tendency continued in 2004 : Renault was able to move up to third place in the constructors' championship thanks to regular points and podium placements as well as another victory by Trulli in Monaco .
2005–2006: with Fernando Alonso at the top
In the following year, 2005 , Renault finally made the leap to the top. This year, when Ferrari and the reigning series world champion Michael Schumacher in particular weakened, Alonso was able to take the lead in the drivers' championship early on and maintain this position despite increasing pressure from McLaren driver Kimi Räikkönen . With the points from ex-Benetton driver Giancarlo Fisichella in the team's second car, Renault was able to narrowly beat McLaren in the constructors' championship. Fisichella had won the season opener in Melbourne , in which Alonso had finished third, and thus led the drivers' standings of the world championship after the first race of the season - this was the only race after which Alonso had not been on points.
Renault repeated this success the following year . That year the main competitor for the title was Ferrari with Michael Schumacher and Felipe Massa . Here, too, Alonso gained a lead in the first half of the season, which Schumacher subsequently disputed - with his victory at the Chinese Grand Prix , Schumacher took the lead one last time in the drivers' championship. With a victory in the subsequent race in Japan , in which Schumacher was eliminated, and a second place in the season finale in Brazil , in which Schumacher was only fourth, Alonso was ultimately able to defend his title. In the constructors' championship, the points from Alonso and Fisichella, who won another race ( Malaysia ) this year , were also enough to win over Ferrari, even if Felipe Massa was able to reduce the gap to just five points in the last race.
2007–2009: Relegation and crashgate scandal
After the 2006 season, Alonso moved to competitor McLaren, Heikki Kovalainen was his successor . In 2007 Renault dropped from first to fourth place among the constructors without a single race win and with only one podium placement by Kovalainen in Japan , but moved up to third place due to the disqualification of the McLaren team as a result of the espionage affair at the end of the season.
In 2008 Alonso surprisingly returned to the team and should now join the team with young rider Nelson Piquet jr. lead to success again. However, teething problems led to another fourth place in the constructors' championship. After all, thanks to rapid development during the season, he managed to jump to the top: Alonso crossed the finish line first at the Singapore and Japan Grand Prix, and came second in Brazil .
Major rule changes had been implemented for the 2009 season , so that each team had to build a completely new vehicle without having any references to previous vehicles. Renault succeeded in this step worse than many other teams and so the team was only seventh in the constructors' championship by the middle of the season. Due to a negligent incident at the Hungarian Grand Prix , in which an incorrectly mounted wheel on Alonso's car came loose on the track, Renault was initially not allowed to take part in the European Grand Prix . The lock was later commuted to a $ 50,000 fine.
After the race in Hungary, Nelson Piquet jr. Dismissed for poor performance and replaced by the French Romain Grosjean . The aftermath of this change began in September when Piquet made serious allegations of manipulation against his ex-team as part of the so-called "Crashgate Affair", which Flavio Briatore initially rejected. Renault announced on September 16, 2009, however, that it would not proceed against the allegations, which was interpreted as an admission of guilt. The employees accused of manipulation by Piquet, team boss Briatore and chief engineer Pat Symonds made their posts available immediately. On September 21, Renault was sentenced to two years probation because of the affair. As the successor to Briatores, the previous technical director of the team, Bob Bell , took over the management of the racing team for the upcoming races of the season, but at the same time remained at the head of the technical department. Due to this affair the Renault team lost several sponsors shortly before the Singapore Grand Prix , including the title sponsor ING Groep .
2010 to 2011: Genii Capital and Lotus Group
On December 16, 2009, Renault announced that 75% of the team had been sold to Genii Capital. The team continued to take part in the Formula 1 World Championship under the name Renault. 2010 were Robert Kubica and Vitaly Petrov for Renault at the start. The Frenchman Éric Boullier became the new team boss . On March 11, 2010, Hewlett-Packard was announced as the new sponsor for 2010 and 2011.
After 16 races, the team finished fifth in the constructors' championship with 133 points. While Robert Kubica only finished eleventh in the opening race in Bahrain and his teammate Vitali Petrow was out due to suspension damage, the team was able to finish in the points in every race from the second race in Australia , except for the first retirement for Kubica in Silverstone . The best results were a second place for Robert Kubica at the Australian Grand Prix and a third place at the Monaco Grand Prix . Vitaly Petrov, on the other hand, was only able to score points at the Chinese Grand Prix and the German Grand Prix . At the Hungarian Grand Prix he achieved his best result so far with a fifth place.
At the end of 2010, the team announced that the Lotus Group would join the team as the team’s title sponsor for the 2011 season . The team competed in 2011 as the Lotus Renault GP . Genii Capital took over all shares in the team for the 2011 season. However, there was no legal or actual connection to the British sports car manufacturer Lotus or the traditional Team Lotus. The Lotus Group did not use an existing purchase option in the following period.
New beginning 2016
After the Lotus F1 Team ran into considerable economic difficulties in the course of the 2015 season, which put the continuation of racing operations at risk several times, Renault bought the team back through its British subsidiary Grigny in December 2015. This was preceded by lengthy investigations into the advertising effectiveness of a mere engine commitment compared to a full factory drive with your own car. The decision to return Renault to Formula 1 was associated with special payments from the Formula 1 rights holder. Cyril Abiteboul took over the management of Renault Sport Racing, which is responsible for all motorsport activities of the brand. Team principal of the Renault Sport F1 Team became Frédéric Vasseur , technical director Bob Bell .
In the 2016 season , Renault competed with the RS16 , the development of which had been started by the previous Lotus team. However, months before the decision to buy back the team, Renault engineers had already been in Enstone to support Lotus with the development. The car used the same Renault hybrid engine used by the Red Bull Racing customer team (there, however, under the name TAG Heuer). In 2015, Lotus signed Pastor Maldonado and British debutant Jolyon Palmer as drivers . On February 1, 2016, Maldonado announced that he would no longer compete for the Formula 1 team in 2016. As a result, the former McLaren test driver Kevin Magnussen became the new regular driver . On February 3rd, Renault presented the new team and the emergency vehicle in Paris .
As the season progressed, the RS16 proved reliable but slow. Both drivers crossed the finish line regularly, with the only double retirement at the Monaco Grand Prix . However, they only reached three points: Magnussen was seventh in Russia and tenth in Singapore , Palmer was tenth in the Malaysian Grand Prix . With eight points, Renault finished the 2016 season in ninth place in the constructors' championship.
There were several changes in the team at the beginning of 2017. Frédéric Vasseur left management; Jerôme Stoll took his place. Kevin Magnussen moved to Haas ; The previous Force India pilot Nico Hülkenberg took his place in the 2017 season . Jolyon Palmer initially stayed in the team. The emergency vehicle was the Renault RS17 , whose engine was identical to that of Red Bull and Toro Rosso. During the season, Hulkenberg crossed the finish line eight times; he scored 43 world championship points. Palmer only made it into the points once when he finished sixth in the Singapore Grand Prix . Together with four further sixth places from Hülkenberg, this was the best season position for Renault. For the US Grand Prix , Palmer was won by the previous Toro Rosso driver Carlos Sainz jr. who had previously been signed for the 2018 season. With a total of 57 points, the 2017 season ended in sixth place in the constructors' championship. Renault scored 26 points less than the fifth-placed Williams team, while the lead over the seventh-placed Toro Rosso team was just four points.
In the 2018 season , Renault continued with Nico Hülkenberg and Carlos Sainz jr. on the pair of drivers who had already contested the last races of the 2017 season. The emergency vehicle this season was the Renault RS18 , which had the same engine as the Red Bull and McLaren customer teams. Renault was still clearly behind the top teams this season, but was able to improve on the previous season: In most cases, at least one of the two drivers reached the final section of the qualification (Q3). Placements among the top eight were regularly achieved in the races, the best results being fifth place for Sainz in Azerbaijan and another fifth place for Hülkenberg in Germany . With 122 points, Renault finished the season in fourth place in the constructors' championship. Red Bull Racing, which finished third, had more than tripled with 419 points, while the fifth-placed Haas team was 29 points behind.
There were again personnel changes for 2019: It was announced at the beginning of August 2018 that the previous Red Bull driver Daniel Ricciardo would switch to Renault as Nico Hülkenberg's teammate. Sainz, in turn, moved to McLaren, where he took over Fernando Alonso's cockpit. The best team result in Italy was fourth (Ricciardo) and fifth (Hülkenberg). At the end of the season, the team finished fifth overall. McLaren, who finished fourth, was 54 points short. The Toro Rosso behind in sixth place with 85 points could just be beaten. Ricciardo was ninth with 54 points, Hülkenberg was 14th with 37.
The driver line-up will change again for the 2020 season : While Ricciardo will remain in the team, the previous Mercedes replacement driver will replace Esteban Ocon Hülkenberg. In May it was announced that Ricciardo was leaving Renault for McLaren at the end of the year. In July, Renault announced that Fernando Alonso would return to Formula 1 for the 2021 season and compete for the team for the third time. After the sixth race, Renault is currently in sixth place in the constructors' championship with 36 points.
Numbers and dates
Statistics as a designer in Formula 1
Status: 2020 Spanish Grand Prix
|season||Team name||chassis||engine||tires||Grand Prix||Victories||Second||Third||Poles||nice Round||Points||World Cup rank|
|1977||Equipe Renault Elf||Renault RS01||Renault 1.5 V6T||M.||4th||-||-||-||-||-||-||19th|
|1978||Equipe Renault Elf||Renault RS01||Renault 1.5 V6T||M.||14th||-||-||-||-||-||3||12.|
|1979||Equipe Renault Elf||Renault RS01
|Renault 1.5 V6T||M.||14th||1||2||1||6th||2||26th||6th|
|1980||Equipe Renault Elf||Renault RE20||Renault 1.5 V6T||M.||14th||3||1||-||5||4th||38||4th|
|1981||Equipe Renault Elf||Renault RE20B
|Renault 1.5 V6T||M.||15th||3||3||1||6th||2||54||3.|
|1982||Equipe Renault Elf||Renault RE30B||Renault 1.5 V6T||M.||16||4th||3||1||10||5||62||3.|
|1983||Equipe Renault Elf||Renault RE30C
|Renault 1.5 V6T||M.||15th||4th||3||4th||3||3||79||2.|
|1984||Equipe Renault Elf||Renault RE50||Renault 1.5 V6T||M.||16||-||3||2||1||2||34||5.|
|1985||Equipe Renault Elf||
|Renault 1.5 V6T||G||15th||-||-||2||-||-||16||7th|
|2002||Mild Seven Renault F1 Team||Renault R202||Renault RS22 3.0 V10||M.||17th||-||-||-||-||-||23||4th|
|2003||Mild Seven Renault F1 Team||
|Renault RS23 3.0 V10||M.||16||1||1||3||2||1||88||4th|
|2004||Mild Seven Renault F1 Team||Renault R24||Renault RS24 3.0 V10||M.||18th||1||1||4th||3||-||105||3.|
|2005||Mild Seven Renault F1 Team||Renault R25||Renault RS25 3.0 V10||M.||19th||8th||6th||4th||7th||3||191||1.|
|2006||Mild Seven Renault F1 Team||Renault R26||Renault RS26 2.4 V8||M.||18th||8th||7th||4th||7th||5||206||1.|
|2007||ING Renault F1 Team||Renault R27||Renault RS27 2.4 V8||B.||17th||-||1||-||-||-||51||3.|
|2008||ING Renault F1 Team||Renault R28||Renault RS27 2.4 V8||B.||18th||2||2||-||-||-||80||4th|
|2009||ING Renault F1 Team
Renault F1 Team
|Renault R29||Renault RS27 2.4 V8||B.||17th||-||-||1||1||2||26th||8th.|
|2016||Renault Sport F1 Team||Renault RS16||Renault RE16||P||21st||-||-||-||-||-||8th||9.|
|2017||Renault Sport F1 Team||Renault RS17||Renault RE17||P||20th||-||-||-||-||-||57||6th|
|2018||Renault Sport F1 Team||Renault RS18||Renault RE18||P||21st||-||-||-||-||-||122||4th|
|2019||Renault F1 Team||Renault RS19||Renault E-Tech 19th||P||21st||-||-||-||-||-||91||5.|
|2020||Renault F1 Team||Renault RS20||Renault E-Tech 20||P||6th||-||-||-||-||-||36||6th|
All drivers of the Renault works team in Formula 1
Status: 2020 Spanish Grand Prix
|Surname||Years||Grand Prix||Points||Victories||Second||Third||Poles||SR||best WM-Pos.|
|Fernando Alonso||2003 - 06 , 2008 - 09||105||468||17th||15th||9||16||10||1. ( 2005 , 2006 )|
|Nico Hulkenberg||2017 - 19||62||149||-||-||-||-||-||7. ( 2018 )|
|René Arnoux||1979 - 82||58||85||4th||5||2||14th||8th||6. ( 1980 , 1982 )|
|Giancarlo Fisichella||2005 - 07||53||151||2||1||5||2||1||4th ( 2006 )|
|Jarno Trulli||2002 - 04||48||88||1||-||2||2||-||6. ( 2004 )|
|Alain Prost||1981 - 83||46||134||9||6th||2||10||8th||2. ( 1983 )|
|Jean-Pierre Jabouille||1977 - 80||45||21st||2||-||-||6th||-||8. ( 1980 )|
|Jolyon Palmer||2016 - 17||35||9||-||-||-||-||-||17. ( 2017 )|
|Derek Warwick||1984 - 85||31||28||-||2||2||-||1||7th ( 1984 )|
|Patrick Tambay||1984 - 85||30th||22nd||-||1||2||1||1||11th ( 1984 )|
|Nelson Piquet Jr.||2008 - 09||28||19th||-||1||-||-||-||12. ( 2008 )|
|Daniel Ricciardo||2019 -||27||74||-||-||-||-||-||9. ( 2019 )|
|Carlos Sainz Jr.||2017 - 18||25th||59||-||-||-||-||-||10. ( 2018 )|
|Kevin Magnussen||2016||21st||7th||-||-||-||-||-||16. ( 2016 )|
|Jenson Button||2002||17th||14th||-||-||-||-||-||7th ( 2002 )|
|Heikki Kovalainen||2007||17th||30th||-||1||-||-||-||7th ( 2007 )|
|Eddie Cheever||1983||15th||22nd||-||1||3||-||-||7th ( 1983 )|
|Romain Grosjean||2009||7th||-||-||-||-||-||-||23rd ( 2009 )|
|Esteban Ocon||2020 -||6th||16||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Jacques Villeneuve||2004||3||-||-||-||-||-||-||21st ( 2004 )|
Current drivers are shown in yellow.
Results in Formula 1
1977 to 1985
|1979||Renault RS01 , RS10||26th||6th|
|J.-P. Jabouille||15th||DNF||10||DNF||DNS||DNF||DNF||NC||1||DNF||DNF||DNF||DNF||14 *||DNF||DNF|
|1981||Renault RE20B , RE30||54||3.|
|R. Arnoux||16||8th||DNF||5||8th||DNQ||DNF||9||4th||9 *||13||2||DNF||DNF||DNF||DNF|
|A. Cheers||15th||1||1||DNF||DNF||DNF||7 *||NC||DNF||DNF||6th||2||DNF||8th*||2||DNF||4th|
|R. Arnoux||16||3||DNF||DNF||DNF||DNF||DNF||10||DNF||DNF||DNF||1||2||DNF||16 *||1||DNF|
|1983||Renault RE30C , RE40||79||2.|
|P. Tambay||15th||5 *||DNF||7th||DNF||2||DNF||DNS||DNF||DNF||8th*||5||DNF||6th||DNF||DNF||7th|
|1985||Renault RE60 , RE60B||16||7th|
|P. Tambay||15th||5||3||3||DNF||7th||DNF||6th||DNF||DNF||10 *||DNF||7th||DNF||12||DNF|
2002 to 2009
|J. Trulli||14th||DNF||DNF||DNF||9||10 *||DNF||4th||6th||8th||DNF||DNF||DNF||8th||DNF||4th||5||DNF|
|J. Button||15th||DNF||4th||4th||5||12 *||7th||DNF||15 *||5||12 *||6th||DNF||DNF||DNF||5||8th||6th|
|2003||Renault R23 , R23B||88||4th|
|K. Magnussen||20th||12||11||17th||7th||14th||DNF||16||14th||14th||17 *||15th||16||DNF||17th||10||DNF||14th||12||17th||14th||DNF|
|N. Hulkenberg||27||11||12||9||8th||6th||DNF||8th||DNF||13||6th||17 *||6th||13||DNF||16||DNF||DNF||DNF||10||6th|
|D. Ricciardo||3||DNF||18 *||7th||DNF||12||9||6th||11||12||7th||DNF||14th||14th||4th||14th||DNF||DSQ||8th||6th||6th||11|
|N. Hulkenberg||27||7th||17 *||DNF||14th||13||13||7th||8th||13||10||DNF||12||8th||5||9||10||DSQ||10||9||15th||12|
Overview of the current staff
|Area of responsibility||Surname|
|Regular driver||Daniel Ricciardo|
|Team boss||Cyril Abiteboul|
|technical director||Pat Fry|
|Motors operations manager||Remi Taffin|
|Chief designer||Steve Machin|
|Chief aerodynamicist||Dirk de Beer|
|Race engineer Ricciardo||Karel Loos|
|Race engineer Ocon||Mark Slade|
|Brand ambassadors||Alain Prost|
Renault as an engine supplier
Renault has been an engine supplier for customer teams since 1983 with only minor interruptions. The success of the customer teams far surpasses the results of the Renault works team.
In addition to using its own team, Renault began delivering customer engines to the Lotus team in 1983 . A year later, Ligier joined as a new customer. The later three-time world champion Ayrton Senna achieved the first triumph of a Renault customer engine in addition to his first Grand Prix victory in 1985 at the Grand Prix of Portugal . Senna won a total of four races in a Lotus-Renault in 1985 and 1986 and was fourth in the World Championship in both seasons. Elio de Angelis , Senna's team-mate 1985, also won a race that year and came in fifth in the drivers' standings behind Senna. Ligier also flourished again with the Renault engines; Ligier driver Jacques Laffite , who returned to the team in 1985 after two seasons with Williams , achieved five podium positions in both years.
The French decided to focus on their role as an engine supplier and withdrew their factory team in late 1985. Some of the material was taken over by the AGS racing team in the south of France , who developed it into their own Formula 1 vehicle, which was used from 1986, but did not use a Renault engine, but one from Motori Moderni . In 1986 , in addition to Lotus and Ligier, the Tyrrell team was also on the road with a Renault engine. Still, Tyrell's best days were over, and the deal with Renault brought no progress either. After four years as a customer supplier, Renault ended its Formula 1 involvement at the end of 1986 and retired for two years.
In 1989 Renault returned as an engine supplier. Besides Williams (1989- 1997 ), the French again supplied Ligier ( 1992 - 1994 ) and then Benetton ( 1995 -1997) with V10 powerplants. At first, the Williams-Renault performance was only enough to achieve respectable successes, while in 1989 McLaren - Honda dominated alone and in 1990 the title fight between McLaren and Ferrari was fought. With the move from Nigel Mansell to Williams for the 1991 season , the tide slowly turned: Mansell was already the fiercest competitor of the eventual world champion Ayrton Senna that year. In 1992, Mansell and his teammate Riccardo Patrese finally dominated the season. In 1993 , Alain Prost , who was to win a title for Renault in his last Formula 1 season ten years after leaving the works team, and Damon Hill repeated this achievement. The years 1994 and 1995 were finally marked by the duel between Damon Hill in the Williams and Michael Schumacher in the Benetton, whereby the 1995 season was actually decided between two teams with Renault engines. With the change from Schumacher to Ferrari in the 1996 season, however, Benetton lost its brief superiority over Williams again, and in 1996 and 1997 first Hill and then Jacques Villeneuve each won the driver's title for Williams.
With Williams and Benetton, Renault won 75 Grand Prix and a total of eleven world championships (driver and constructor titles added together). The company then withdrew again from Formula 1. In order to keep its foot in the door, Renault had the engines of the 1997 season modified by its development partner Mecachrome and further developed on the back burner. In the absence of alternatives and in the hope of a factory return of the automobile company, the former customer teams initially drove with these units. However, since the effort associated with Formula 1 soon became too great for Mecachrome, the former Benetton team boss Flavio Briatore founded the Supertec company , which took on the development and adjustment of the engines. For a leasing fee of 15 million dollars, Supertec supplied not only the previous Mecachrome customers Benetton and Williams but also B · A · R ( 1999 ) and Arrows ( 2000 ). Benetton had the aggregates paid for by sponsor Playlife , who in return received the naming rights. With the acquisition of the Benetton team by Renault at the beginning of the 2000 season, however, the availability of customer engines ended, after Williams had already entered into a new, exclusive engine partnership with BMW and B · A · R was now a technical partner of Honda.
After six years of exclusive use of Renault engines by Benetton and the Renault works team, further teams were equipped with these engines again from 2007 . One of the customers was Red Bull Racing from 2007 to 2018 . They were able to achieve 59 wins and 60 pole positions in their twelve seasons together. The greatest successes of the Franco-Austrian partnership are the 4 world championships in the constructors 'championship and for Sebastian Vettel in the drivers' championship in 2010 , 2011 , 2012 and 2013 . Renault also continued to supply engines to Lotus F1, which had taken over the racing team from Renault in 2010. In Abu Dhabi 2012 and Melbourne 2013 , Kimi Räikkönen was able to achieve first place with the Renault engine. This collaboration ended in 2014 when Lotus F1 switched to Mercedes engines. Other teams supplied with Renault engines were Caterham from 2011 to 2014 and Williams from 2012–2013 , with Pastor Maldonado driving for Williams winning the Spanish Grand Prix in 2012 , and Toro Rosso in 2014 and 2015.
In the second half of the 2015 season , tensions arose between Renault and Red Bull because Red Bull blamed the engine partner for the team's poor performance compared to the years 2009 to 2013. In the late summer of 2015, Red Bull canceled the engine contract with effect from the end of the year without having a binding prospect of a replacement engine for 2016. According to media reports to the contrary, the contract was never formally terminated. Red Bull sought out both Mercedes and Ferrari and Honda engines in the months that followed. As a result, Renault considered withdrawing entirely from Formula 1 at the end of 2015. It was not until the beginning of December 2015, after Renault had decided to take over the Lotus team as the basis for its own future factory team, that Red Bull and Renault agreed on a long-term continuation of the engine partnership. Red Bull then competed from 2016 to 2018 with engines from Renault, which were referred to as TAG Heuer . In 2018 Renault also received another customer with McLaren .
- Adriano Cimarosti : The Century of Racing. 1st edition, Stuttgart 1997, ISBN 3-613-01848-9 .
- David Hodges : Racing Cars from A – Z after 1945. 1st edition, Stuttgart 1993.
- Pierre Ménard : La Grande Encyclopédie de la Formule 1, 2nd edition 2000 (St. Sulpice), ISBN 2-940125-45-7 (French).
- Bernard Sara , Gilles Labrouche , Frédéric Veillard : Alpine - la passion bleue. Antony (Editions ETAI.) 2011. ISBN 978-2-7268-9594-8
- On the whole: Hodges: Rennwagen from AZ after 1945, p. 83 and 220 f.
- Cf. Jean Sage's memories of the premiere of the RS01 in July 1977; Interview from July 5, 2007 on the website www.formula1.com (accessed December 7, 2011).
- See Hodges: Racing Cars from AZ after 1945, p. 220 f.
- Menard: La Grande Encyclopédie de la Formule 1, S. 480th
- Sara, Labrouche, Veillard: Alpine. La Passion Bleue. S: 93.
- Hodges: Racing Cars from AZ after 1945, p. 16.
- Illustration of the Alpine A500 on the website www.forix.com (accessed on December 5, 2011).
- The Équipe Ligier, which took part in Formula 1 since 1976, also drove with a French license; but since she used Goodyear tires, she was initially not perceived as a purely French team in the national press.
- Ménard: La Grande Encyclopédie de la Formule 1, p. 481.
- See Hodges: Rennwagen from AZ after 1945, p. 221.
- See L'Équipe: 50 Ans de la Formule 1. Volume 1, p. 195.
- L'Équipe: 50 ans de la Formule 1. Volume 1, p. 203.
- Hodges: Racing Cars from AZ after 1945, p. 221.
- See racing report by Johnny Rives: "Jabouille-Renault: Victoire Historique". In: L'Équipe of July 2, 1979.
- "Dismissal of Piquet: The Reckoning!" (Motorsport-Total.com on August 3, 2009)
- "Bang: Renault separates from Briatore and Symonds" (Motorsport-Total.com on September 16, 2009)
- "Black eye: only suspended sentence for Renault!" (Motorsport-Total.com on September 21, 2009)
- After "Crashgate": New team management at Renault (Motorsport-total.com on September 23, 2009)
- "After 'Crashgate': Renault loses the title sponsor" (Motorsport-Total.com on September 24, 2009)
- "Renault starts into a new era with the R30" (Motorsport-Total.com on January 31, 2010)
- "Official: Eric Boullier is the new Renault team boss" (Motorsport-Total.com on January 5, 2010)
- “HP new official partner of the Renault F1 Team” ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (RenaultF1.com on March 11, 2010)
- “Group Lotus to become Renault title sponsors” (formula1.com on December 8, 2010)
- Mathias Brunner: Renault in Paris: Follow the press conference. Speedweek.com, February 3, 2016, accessed February 3, 2016 .
- "Renault Shareholding: The facts on the table" (Motorsport-Total.com on February 4, 2011)
- Norman Fischer: Renault installs new management. Motorsport-Total.com, January 10, 2016, accessed January 10, 2016 .
- Heiko Stritzke: Lotus takeover: Renault only paid one pound. Motorsport-Total.com, December 27, 2015, accessed December 28, 2015 .
- Sven Haidinger: Finally official: Renault takes over Lotus. Motorsport-Total.com, December 3, 2015, accessed December 3, 2015 .
- Christian Menath: Officially: This is the new Renault team. Motorsport-Magazin.com, February 3, 2016, accessed February 3, 2016 .
- Dominik Sharaf: Renault confirms: two-year contract for Daniel Ricciardo. Motorsport-Total.com, August 3, 2018, accessed August 3, 2018 .
- Formula 1: McLaren confirms Sainz as Alonso's successor. spiegel.de, August 16, 2018, accessed on August 16, 2018 .
- Fernando Alonso joins Renault DP World F1 Team. renaultsport.com, July 8, 2020, accessed July 9, 2020 .
- "Change perfect: Lotus is switching from Renault to Mercedes". Motorsport-Total.com, July 5, 2014, accessed July 5, 2014 .
- "Red Bull extends engine deadline until mid-November". (No longer available online.) F1today.net, November 2, 2015, archived from the original on December 11, 2015 ; Retrieved November 5, 2015 .
- Christian Nimmervoll, Dieter Rencken: Analysis: The power games behind the Red Bull Renault deal. Motorsport-Total.com, December 1, 2015, accessed March 18, 2016 .
- Dieter Rencken; Dominik Sharaf: "Red Bull warns: Exit is a realistic scenario". Motorsport-Total.com, September 25, 2015, accessed October 1, 2015 .
- Heiko Stitzke: "Officially: Red Bull 2016 with TAG Heuer engines from Red Bull". Motorsport-Total.com, December 4, 2015, accessed December 7, 2015 .