Andrea de Cesaris
|Automobile / Formula 1 world championship|
|First start:||1980 Canadian Grand Prix|
|Last start:||1994 European Grand Prix|
|1980 Alfa Romeo · 1981 McLaren · 1982–1983 Alfa Romeo · 1984–1985 Ligier · 1986 Minardi · 1987 Brabham · 1988 Rial Racing · 1989–1990 Dallara · 1991 Jordan · 1992–1993 Tyrrell · 1994 Jordan · 1994 Sauber|
|World Cup balance:||World Cup eighth 1983|
|World Cup points :||59|
|Leadership laps :||32 over 173 km|
De Cesaris joined Formula 3 as a former karting world champion at the age of 18 . In 1979 he switched to Formula 2 . Here he drove for the British team Project Four Racing , led by Ron Dennis , for which he drove one win and two second places in 1980. De Cesaris was fifth in the Formula 2 European Championship in 1980.
At the end of 1980 he made his debut in Formula 1. In the following 14 years he was an integral part of the starting field. During this period he drove for ten racing teams from Italy, Great Britain, France, Germany and Switzerland. At the beginning he suffered from the reputation of being extraordinarily accident-prone. In Italy, de Cesaris was considered a “bully” (“bullo”) in the 1980s. In the English-speaking world, his name was satirized with the creation of Andrea de Crasheris , in Germany he was referred to as "Mozart of Destruction". From the beginning of the 1990s at the latest, however, he was in demand as an experienced pilot and received cockpits in solidly financed racing teams such as Tyrrell or Sauber . During his entire Formula 1 career, Andrea de Cesaris was closely associated with the tobacco company Philip Morris , which regularly financed a large part of its driver's fee from the advertising budget of its Marlboro brand .
Andrea de Cesaris made his debut at the Canadian Grand Prix for the Alfa Romeo works team in Formula 1. He was signed to replace Vittorio Brambilla . Here he finished eighth and in the following race in the USA tenth on the grid, but he did not finish in either race. In 1981 he returned to Ron Dennis, who had since taken over the management of the Formula 1 team McLaren . De Cesaris did not meet the expectations placed in him; because he only got into the points once when he finished sixth at the San Marino Grand Prix . He finished the season 18th in the drivers' championship with one point. In his first full Formula 1 season, he failed eight times in fourteen starts; in six cases he damaged his car. Including training events, he had a total of 18 accidents in 1981. Due to the high accident rate, McLaren did not extend the contract with the Italian.
1982 and 1983 de Cesaris was again under contract with Alfa Romeo. He replaced Mario Andretti there and came home six times in 16 races in 1982; his best result was third place at the Monaco Grand Prix , which was also his first podium position in a Formula 1 race. He was also able to draw attention to himself with a pole position in Long Beach . In the following year, Alfa Romeo switched to in-house turbo engines ( Tipo 890T ). The 1983 season became the most successful year for the Italian racing team after its Formula 1 comeback in 1979. De Cesaris, who drove alongside Mauro Baldi that year , achieved the best results for the team and the best at the same time with two second places in Germany and South Africa Results of his Formula 1 career. In the next eleven years he never crossed the finish line in second place, and this year he finished eighth in the drivers' championship.
In 1984 and 1985 de Cesaris started for the French Équipe Ligier . The team drove with Renault F1 turbo engines , which were powerful; According to observers, Ligier's mechanics were overwhelmed by the complex turbo technology. De Cesaris didn't fit in well with the French team; There were repeated arguments between him and the choleric team boss Guy Ligier . In 1984 and 1985 de Cesaris only got three world championship points. He dropped out in numerous races. In addition to technical defects that could be traced back to his car, there were still numerous driving errors. At the Grand Prix of Austria on the Austria ring accident de Cesaris 1985 spectacular. In the Texaco chicane he went off course and hit the green on the side at high speed. The car initially started sliding and after coming into contact with a side barrier, it rolled over several times. His Ligier JS25 finally came to a stop with the underbody facing down. The car was completely destroyed, but De Cesaris was not injured. He could unbuckle himself and he walked back to the pit lane . Guy Ligier took the rollover as an opportunity to dismiss him: "I can no longer pay the repair bills that this man brings me!" At the Italian Grand Prix he was replaced by Philippe Streiff , who was named at the last race of the year in Australia Third (behind his second-placed team-mate Laffite) crossed the finish line.
In 1986 de Cesaris started for Minardi , an Italian team from the provincial town of Faenza , which was much smaller and weaker than the previous racing teams. Minardi only got promoted to Formula 1 last year and competed with two drivers for the first time in 1986. De Cesaris started alongside the debutant Alessandro Nannini . In the first 14 races of the year, both drivers all dropped out prematurely; in most cases this was due to technical defects in the vulnerable and underdeveloped turbo engine from Motori Moderni . At the Mexican Grand Prix , de Cesaris achieved the first (and best) finish for his team that year, finishing eighth. In training for the last race of the year in Australia , he qualified eleventh. In the race, however, the fire extinguisher activated itself shortly after the start due to a malfunction and paralyzed his car.
In 1987 de Cesaris started alongside Riccardo Patrese for Brabham . The traditional British team led by Bernie Ecclestone , which had been the driver's world champion in 1983 with Nelson Piquet , had experienced a disastrous season in 1986 with an over-ambitious and not fully developed concept and was now on the verge of dissolution. De Cesaris finished only once in 16 races when he finished third in the Belgian Grand Prix . Here he ran out of gas shortly before the finish line. De Cesaris pushed the car over the finish line and was classified as third. At the end of the season, Brabham stopped racing.
De Cesaris switched to the German team Rial Racing , a new foundation by Hans Günter Schmid, which was in the tradition of the ATS racing team . He said that he only joined the team because the car was designed by Gustav Brunner , whom he considered to be one of the best designers in Formula 1. According to other sources, he had no alternative for the 1988 season . Its sponsor Marlboro provided most of the Rial budget that year. De Cesaris was the only driver on the team to be pre-qualified in the first half of the season. He crossed the finish line four times in 16 races and was counted again despite having failed because he had covered a sufficient distance. His best result was fourth place at the US Grand Prix in Detroit , with which he earned the first (and only) world championship points of the year for Rial in the sixth race. Because of this performance, Rial was exempt from pre-qualification in the second half of the season.
In 1989 and 1990 de Cesaris drove for the Brescia- based team BMS Scuderia Italia , which had previously been founded in 1988. In both years BMS used cars designed by Dallara . In Canada he finished third in 1989; it was the team's best result to date. In the following year, de Cesaris won the first time since his involvement with Minardi no world championship points. He only crossed the finish line twice and achieved his best result of the year with 10th place in his home race in Italy .
At the beginning of 1991 , no established team had any interest in signing de Cesaris. At the beginning of the year, he therefore carried out test drives for the economically troubled French team AGS , which wanted to get sponsorship money from Marlboro through him. After destroying a chassis in an accident as a result of a driving error, AGS withdrew the contract offer. Around the same time, the similarly weak Coloni team tried to recruit him with the same intention. According to several sources, de Cesaris was about to sign a contract with Enzo Coloni when the newly formed Irish team Jordan Grand Prix offered him a cockpit. The Jordan 191 designed by Gary Anderson was a successful car. After initial difficulties, de Cesaris crossed the finish line four times in the points. At the Belgian Grand Prix in Spa-Francorchamps , he even had a chance of winning, which, however, was negated by a technical defect. In this race he was teammate of Michael Schumacher , who made his Formula 1 debut here.
Team boss Eddie Jordan tried hard to keep de Cesaris in the 1992 season. However, opposing sponsor interests did not allow this: Jordan had signed the Barclay cigarette brand as a sponsor, which did not belong to the same group as the long-term sponsor Marlboro. De Cesaris then switched to the Tyrrell team, which fielded a conventional car from last year, the 020B . The ten-cylinder engine from Ilmor was new, however . De Cesaris, who started alongside Olivier Grouillard this year , achieved four finishings in the points. His best result was fourth in the Japanese Grand Prix . He finished the season in eighth place in the drivers' championship, his best result since 1983. He stayed with Tyrrell, but could not build on the successes of the previous year. The team suffered from the underperformance of the 1991 020C and the unreliability of the Yamaha ten cylinder engine . In the first race of the year in South Africa , none of the cars survived the first lap. In total, there were only four target arrivals with the 020C. The best result of a 020C was achieved by de Cesaris at the Monaco Grand Prix , which he finished in tenth place two laps behind. In the second half of the season, Tyrrell used the newly developed 021 , which was generally viewed as a bad design; de Cesaris remained without world championship points.
At the beginning of the 1994 season he had no cockpit for the first time since 1980; several times he filled the gap. In the spring he returned to Jordan for two races, where he replaced Eddie Irvine , who was temporarily banned as the cause of a collision. He finished fourth in the Monaco Grand Prix in the Jordan 194 . From the Canadian Grand Prix he replaced Karl Wendlinger at Sauber , who was seriously injured in an accident in Monaco. For Sauber he finished one race in the points. Before the end of the season he was replaced by JJ Lehto .
Andrea de Cesaris died on October 5, 2014 at the age of 55 after a motorcycle accident . He had lost control of his 600 cc Suzuki on the A90 Grande Raccordo Anulare autostrada in Bufalotta near Rome, hit the guardrail and died on the spot.
Statistics in the Formula 1 World Championship
Records in Formula 1
- 208 Formula 1 starts without a win
- Most consecutive races with one retirement: 18 - French Grand Prix 1985 to Portuguese Grand Prix 1986
- Most failures in one season: in 1987 he was eliminated in 15 of 16 races
- Most retirements before the start of the race: 11
|green||-||Placement in the points|
|blue||-||Classified outside the point ranks|
|violet||DNF||Race not finished (did not finish)|
|red||DNQ||did not qualify|
|DNPQ||failed in pre-qualification (did not pre-qualify)|
|White||DNS||not at the start (did not start)|
|Light Blue||PO||only participated in the training (practiced only)|
|TD||Friday test driver|
|without||DNP||did not participate in the training (did not practice)|
|INJ||injured or sick|
|DNA||did not arrive|
|no participation in the World Cup|
|other||P / bold||Pole position|
|SR / italic||Fastest race lap|
|*||not at the finish,
but counted due to the distance covered
|underlined||Leader in the overall standings|
- Andrea de Cesaris. motorsportmemorial.org, accessed on July 23, 2019 .
- The 55-year-old Italian Andrea de Cesaris had a fatal accident in Bufalotta near the capital Rome.
- Pierre Ménard: La Grande Encyclopédie de la Formule 1 . 2nd edition, St. Sulpice, 2000, ISBN 2-940125-45-7 , p. 451
- Hartmut Lehbrink, Rainer W. Schlegelmilch: McLaren Formula 1.Könemann Verlagsgesellschaft Köln 1999. ISBN 3-8290-0945-3 , p. 99
- Mike Lawrence: Porsche TAG. In: Ian Bramsey: The 1000 bhp Grand Prix Cars , p. 129
- Emilio Orlando: Perde il controllo della moto, muore sul Gra l'ex pilota di F1 De Cesaris. roma.repubblica.it, October 5, 2014, accessed October 5, 2014 (Italian).
- Ex-colleague of Michael Schumacher: Formula 1 mourns De Cesaris. n-tv, October 6, 2014, accessed October 6, 2014 .
|SURNAME||Cesaris, Andrea de|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Italian racing car driver|
|DATE OF BIRTH||May 31, 1959|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Rome , Italy|
|DATE OF DEATH||5th October 2014|
|Place of death||Bufalotta , Italy|