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Zlín coat of arms
Zlín (Czech Republic)
Paris plan pointer b jms.svg
Basic data
State : Czech RepublicCzech Republic Czech Republic
Historical part of the country : Moravia
Region : Zlínský kraj
District : Zlín
Area : 10283 ha
Geographic location : 49 ° 14 '  N , 17 ° 40'  E Coordinates: 49 ° 13 '59 "  N , 17 ° 40' 1"  E
Height: 230  m nm
Residents : 74,997 (Jan 1, 2019)
Postal code : 760 01
License plate : Z
Street: Otrokovice - Vizovice
Railway connection: Otrokovice – Vizovice
Status: Statutory city
Districts: 16
Mayor : Miroslav Adámek (as of 2013)
Address: nám. Míru 12
761 40 Zlín
Municipality number: 585068
Website : www.zlin.eu
View of the eastern part of the city
Town hall in Zlín

Zlín (German Zlin ; from 1949 to 1990: Gottwaldov ) is a city in the Czech Republic with 75,000 inhabitants and the industrial center in the Zlínský kraj region in Moravia . It extends in the Dřevnice valley .

Zlín, Baťův mrakodrap v noci.jpg


The history goes back to the Middle Ages , the first written mention comes from the year 1322 . At that time, the city was the center of handicrafts and mining and was decisive for the further settlement of craftsmen in the area, who until now mostly lived from cattle breeding. Zlín was also the seat of administration and rulers. In 1397 the place received expanded city rights and in 1509 market rights. In 1605 the city was sacked by Stephan Bocskai's troops. In 1779 the first factory, a laundry dye works, was built, and in 1850 Claudius von Bretton founded a match factory. The children of Baron Bretton were raised or taught by Johann Mach, the father of the physicist Ernst Mach . The match factory was soon closed again.

The quiet development only picked up speed at the time of the Industrial Revolution . In 1894 the Baťa shoe factory was founded. The city also benefited from the rapid growth of the factory of Tomáš Baťa , who was also mayor of the city from 1923. Zlín was given a completely new face by the architects Jan Kotěra , František Lydie Gahura , M. Lorenc and Vladimír Karfík , and the population quickly grew from 5,000 to 43,000. Tomáš Baťa and his brother Jan Antonín Baťa had factory settlements built with the company's own kindergartens, schools, a hospital, a department store and what was then the largest cinema in Central Europe under the motto “Work collectively - live individually”. Zlín can be described as the first functionalist city ​​in the world in terms of the Athens Charter (1933) due to its strictly rational urban planning, which is oriented towards the optimization of all functions, taking into account social and psychological aspects .

In 1949 the city after the president was Klement Gottwald in Gottwaldov renamed. It carried this name until 1990. Renown also brought the city the film studios, which became famous especially in the 1960s through animated and cartoons by the directors Karel Zeman and Hermína Týrlová . The Zlín Film Festival has been held there since 1961 . The entrepreneurial soul, but also the good location, are to be seen as the reason that, even after the fall of the communist regime, Zlín produced many start-ups and young entrepreneurs whose activities are well above the average of the country.

In 2001 the Tomáš Baťa University was founded in Zlín .

City structure

The city of Zlín consists of the districts Chlum, Jaroslavice (Jaroslawitz), Klečůvka (Kleczuwka), Kostelec (Kostelletz), Kudlov (Kudlow), Lhotka (Klein Lhotta), Louky (Luk), Lužkovice (Luschkowetz), Malenovice (Mallenowitz), Mladcová (Mlatzow), Prštné, Příluky (Prziluk), Salaš (Sallasch), Štípa , Velíková and Zlín.

Twin cities


The Baťa skyscraper was completed in 1938


sons and daughters of the town

In the place worked and lived



  • Antonín Cekota, Slavoboj Tusar (graphic), Josef Vaňhara (photographer): Zlin. The city of collaboration. Tisk, Zlín 1936.
  • Katrin Klingan, Kerstin Gust (eds.); Bas Princen (photographer): A Utopia of Modernity: Zlín. Revisting Bata's functional city. Jovis, Berlin 2009, ISBN 978-3-86859-034-0 (English).
  • Winfried Nerdinger , Ladislava Hornáková, Radomíra Sedláková (eds.): Zlín. Model city of modernity. (On the occasion of the exhibition Zlín - Model City of Modernism in the Architecture Museum of the Technical University of Munich in the Pinakothek der Moderne, November 19, 2009 - February 21, 2010). (Translations from the Czech and Slovak by Alena Kubatzky, from the French by Thorsten Doerdrechter). Jovis, Berlin 2009, ISBN 978-3-86859-051-7 .
  • Rainer Sittenthaler: Zlín - The ideal industrial city of the modern age? Vienna 2013 (Vienna, university, diploma thesis, 2013).
  • Josef Vaňhara: Příběh jednoho muže a jednoho města. J. Vaňhara, Zlín 1998, ISBN 80-238-0517-7 (Czech).

Web links

Commons : Zlín  - collection of images
Wikivoyage: Zlín  - travel guide

Individual evidence

  1. Český statistický úřad - The population of the Czech municipalities as of January 1, 2019 (PDF; 7.4 MiB)
  2. cf. Hubertus Adam: Janus face of modernity: The Baťa town of Zlín - a functionalist architectural monument of world renown in South Moravia. In: NZZ . January 16, 2010, No. 12 (PDF).