|State :||Czech Republic|
|Historical part of the country :||Moravia|
|Region :||Zlínský kraj|
|Area :||10283 ha|
|Geographic location :|
|Residents :||74,997 (Jan 1, 2019)|
|Postal code :||760 01|
|License plate :||Z|
|Street:||Otrokovice - Vizovice|
|Railway connection:||Otrokovice – Vizovice|
|Mayor :||Miroslav Adámek (as of 2013)|
|Address:||nám. Míru 12
761 40 Zlín
Zlín (German Zlin ; from 1949 to 1990: Gottwaldov ) is a city in the Czech Republic with 75,000 inhabitants and the industrial center in the Zlínský kraj region in Moravia . It extends in the Dřevnice valley .
The history goes back to the Middle Ages , the first written mention comes from the year 1322 . At that time, the city was the center of handicrafts and mining and was decisive for the further settlement of craftsmen in the area, who until now mostly lived from cattle breeding. Zlín was also the seat of administration and rulers. In 1397 the place received expanded city rights and in 1509 market rights. In 1605 the city was sacked by Stephan Bocskai's troops. In 1779 the first factory, a laundry dye works, was built, and in 1850 Claudius von Bretton founded a match factory. The children of Baron Bretton were raised or taught by Johann Mach, the father of the physicist Ernst Mach . The match factory was soon closed again.
The quiet development only picked up speed at the time of the Industrial Revolution . In 1894 the Baťa shoe factory was founded. The city also benefited from the rapid growth of the factory of Tomáš Baťa , who was also mayor of the city from 1923. Zlín was given a completely new face by the architects Jan Kotěra , František Lydie Gahura , M. Lorenc and Vladimír Karfík , and the population quickly grew from 5,000 to 43,000. Tomáš Baťa and his brother Jan Antonín Baťa had factory settlements built with the company's own kindergartens, schools, a hospital, a department store and what was then the largest cinema in Central Europe under the motto “Work collectively - live individually”. Zlín can be described as the first functionalist city in the world in terms of the Athens Charter (1933) due to its strictly rational urban planning, which is oriented towards the optimization of all functions, taking into account social and psychological aspects .
In 1949 the city after the president was Klement Gottwald in Gottwaldov renamed. It carried this name until 1990. Renown also brought the city the film studios, which became famous especially in the 1960s through animated and cartoons by the directors Karel Zeman and Hermína Týrlová . The Zlín Film Festival has been held there since 1961 . The entrepreneurial soul, but also the good location, are to be seen as the reason that, even after the fall of the communist regime, Zlín produced many start-ups and young entrepreneurs whose activities are well above the average of the country.
In 2001 the Tomáš Baťa University was founded in Zlín .
The city of Zlín consists of the districts Chlum, Jaroslavice (Jaroslawitz), Klečůvka (Kleczuwka), Kostelec (Kostelletz), Kudlov (Kudlow), Lhotka (Klein Lhotta), Louky (Luk), Lužkovice (Luschkowetz), Malenovice (Mallenowitz), Mladcová (Mlatzow), Prštné, Příluky (Prziluk), Salaš (Sallasch), Štípa , Velíková and Zlín.
- Altenburg , Germany
- Groningen , the Netherlands
- Chorzów , Poland
- Izegem , Belgium
- Limbach-Oberfrohna , Germany
- Romans-sur-Isere , France
- Sesto San Giovanni , Italy
- Trenčín , Slovakia
- Möhlin , Switzerland
- Baťa skyscraper
- Malenovice Castle
- Zlín Forest Cemetery
- Lešná castle and zoological garden
- Pilgrimage Church of Štípa
sons and daughters of the town
- Josef Abrhám (* 1939), Czech actor
- Hana Androníková (1967–2011), writer
- Rudolf Asmus (1921–2000), opera singer (bass baritone) of the Berlin Komische Oper
- Mojmír Bártek (* 1942), jazz trombonist and composer
- Tomáš Baťa (1876–1932), entrepreneur and founder of the Baťa group
- Adéla Bruns (* 1987), marksman
- Klára Cahynová (* 1993), soccer player
- Petr Čajánek (* 1975), ice hockey player
- Roman Čechmánek (* 1971), Czech ice hockey player
- Olga Charvátová (* 1962), ski racer
- Martina Dlabajová (* 1976), politician
- Thomas Dolak senior (1952–2013), German-Czech ice hockey player
- Thomas Dolak junior (* 1979), German-Czech ice hockey player
- Tomáš Dvořák (* 1972), track and field athlete
- Roman Hamrlík (* 1974), ice hockey player
- Petr Hába (* 1965), chess master
- Zdeněk Hřib (* 1981), politician
- Tomáš Kostka (* 1984), racing driver
- Roman Kresta (* 1976), rally driver
- Klára Křížová (* 1989), ski racer
- Jiří Novák (* 1975), tennis player
- Svatopluk Pluskal (1930-2005), football player
- Ilya Prachař (1924–2005), actor
- Pavel Prokopec (* 1980), handball player
- Michal Smola (* 1981), orienteer
- Michaela Šojdrová (* 1963), politician
- Tom Stoppard OM , CBE , (born in 1937 as Tomáš Straussler), British playwright
- Stanislav Struhar (* 1964), Austrian writer who deals in his books with the integration of foreigners in Austria
- Ivana Trump (* 1949), American entrepreneur
- Renata Voráčová (* 1983), tennis player
- Ivan Vrba (* 1977), track cyclist
- Ludmilla Ymeri (1924–2004), cellist and music teacher
- Radoslav Zapletal (1937–2010), violinist and composer
- Ludmila Zeman (* 1947), children's book author, illustrator, animation producer
In the place worked and lived
- Ivan Blecha , head of the Institute of Philosophy at the University of Olomouc , taught in Zlín
- Karel Dodal , worked in the Gottwaldov film studios
- Martin Erat , ice hockey player, played for HC Hamé Zlín in 2004/05
- Vítězslav Jandák , has directed the Zlín Children's Film Festival for years
- Marek Kincl played for FC Zlín in 1997
- Zdeněk Miler , an animator , started working in the Baťa animation studio in Zlín, known for z. B. by the mole figure
- Zdeněk Nehoda , striker for TJ Gottwaldov and Dukla Prague , European champion 1976
- Jaroslav Opěla , conductor and head of the Czechoslovak State Philharmonic in Zlin
- Sylvia Saint , Silvia Tomčalová , porn actress, worked in the local hotel
- Otto Wichterle , did research in the Baťa works in Zlín, mainly in the field of processing polyamides and caprolactams
- Hermína Týrlová , director and animation producer
- Karel Zeman , animation producer
- Miroslav Zikmund , travel writer and photographer, has lived and worked in Zlín since 1953
- PSG Zlín , former ice hockey division of TJ Gottwaldov , 2004 Czech champions
- FC Fastav Zlín , formerly FC Tescoma Zlín and TJ Gottwaldov , today participants in the highest football league in the Czech Republic, the Gambrinus League
- Antonín Cekota, Slavoboj Tusar (graphic), Josef Vaňhara (photographer): Zlin. The city of collaboration. Tisk, Zlín 1936.
- Katrin Klingan, Kerstin Gust (eds.); Bas Princen (photographer): A Utopia of Modernity: Zlín. Revisting Bata's functional city. Jovis, Berlin 2009, ISBN 978-3-86859-034-0 (English).
- Winfried Nerdinger , Ladislava Hornáková, Radomíra Sedláková (eds.): Zlín. Model city of modernity. (On the occasion of the exhibition Zlín - Model City of Modernism in the Architecture Museum of the Technical University of Munich in the Pinakothek der Moderne, November 19, 2009 - February 21, 2010). (Translations from the Czech and Slovak by Alena Kubatzky, from the French by Thorsten Doerdrechter). Jovis, Berlin 2009, ISBN 978-3-86859-051-7 .
- Rainer Sittenthaler: Zlín - The ideal industrial city of the modern age? Vienna 2013 (Vienna, university, diploma thesis, 2013).
- Josef Vaňhara: Příběh jednoho muže a jednoho města. J. Vaňhara, Zlín 1998, ISBN 80-238-0517-7 (Czech).
- City website (Czech, English)
- Ronald Berg: City of Shoes. The daily newspaper , June 15, 2009
- Hubertus Adam: Janus face of modernity. NZZ , January 16, 2010
- Český statistický úřad - The population of the Czech municipalities as of January 1, 2019 (PDF; 7.4 MiB)
- cf. Hubertus Adam: Janus face of modernity: The Baťa town of Zlín - a functionalist architectural monument of world renown in South Moravia. In: NZZ . January 16, 2010, No. 12 (PDF).