coat of arms
|mayor||Ahmed Marcouch ( PvdA )|
|Seat of the municipality||Arnhem|
|101.54 km 2
97.91 km 2
3.63 km 2
|Residents||159,373 (Jan 31, 2019)|
|Population density||1570 inhabitants / km 2|
|Important traffic route|
|Postcodes||6801-6803, 6811-6816, 6821-6828, 6831-6836, 6841-6846|
|Website||Homepage of Arnhem|
Arnhem ( German Arnheim ) is a large city in the Netherlands . It is the capital of the province of Gelderland . Arnhem lies on the Nederrijn , a relatively short section of the Rhine after the Rhine divides, where the Waal and the Nederrijn , later the Lek , arise.
Arnhem was built on a hill near the IJssel at the crossroads of trade routes between Utrecht , Nijmegen and Zutphen . Arnhem has only been on this river since the course of the Rhine was changed around 1500.
Arnheim appears in 893 in the Prümer Urbar. The quite extensive Prüm property there was grouped around the parish church, which remained in the possession of the Prüm Abbey until the Reformation . In 1233 Count Otto II von Geldern granted Arnhem town charter . In the 15th century, the city had around 4,000 inhabitants and received city walls and towers for defense. The city belonged to the Duchy of Geldern and became part of the Habsburgs in 1472 before it came to the Republic of the Netherlands. In the Dutch War , Arnhem was occupied by French troops from 1672 to 1674, as well as in the coalition wars from 1795 to 1813, with Arnhem being the capital of the Yssel-Supérieur department from 1811 . In 1813 the city was liberated by Prussian troops and fell back to the Netherlands.
Around 1850, about 9,000 people lived in Arnhem. At that time, the region around Arnhem and Nijmegen became a popular residence for the upper middle class from the western provinces of the Netherlands. As a result, representative parks were created, to which the city owes the nickname "Parkstadt" to this day. Parks like Sonsbeek and Zijpendaal (in the north of the city) shape the cityscape.
In 1929 KEMA , the Dutch testing center for the electrical industry, was founded in Arnhem.
During the Second World War , Allied forces tried in September 1944 as part of Operation Market Garden to capture the Arnhem bridge over the Rhine in order to pave the way to Germany . In one of their last victorious battles, however, the Wehrmacht won the battle, which contributed to the failure of the Allied operation "Market Garden". The city was badly damaged by this battle. After the battle, the Wehrmacht forced the then 95,000 residents to leave the city.
On September 16, 1978, the oldest and most famous Rhine bridge was renamed John Frost Bridge , after the British Colonel John Frost , who commanded the battalion that was the only one to reach the bridge and defended the northern section for four days during the unsuccessful offensive in 1944 . A plaque commemorates the battle and its many victims.
A dynamic reconstruction followed after the war. The city's population continues to grow today.
College of Mayors and Aldermen
The College is for the period until 2022 of members of the party GroenLinks , VVD , D66 and PvdA . They were appointed during a council meeting on May 17, 2018. The following people belong to the college and are responsible in the following areas:
|Cathelijne Bouwkamp||GroenLinks||Sustainability, greenery, spatial planning and environmental law, public space, asylum and refugee issues, animal welfare, project: eastern city center, councilors for the districts of Centrum, Spijkerkwartier, Arnhems Broek|
|Roeland van der Zee||VVD||Real estate, basic problems, mobility, care, projects: Blauwe Golven, Stadsblokken-Meinerswijk, Arnhem Centraal , Coehoorn, councilor for the districts of Elden, De Laar|
|Hans de Vroome||D66||Culture and heritage, education, youth and aid, events, tourism and recreation, private life, projects: city center, Gele Rijdersplein / Jansbeek above the water, southern city center, alderman for the districts of Schaarsbergen, Burgemeesterswijk / Hoogkamp, St. Marten, Sonsbeek , Klarendal, Klingelbeek, Heijenoord-Lombok|
|Martien Louwers||PvdA||Work and income, district control and matters, debt service, social inclusion, welfare, citizen participation, councilors for the districts of Presikhaaf Oost, Presikhaaf West, Rijkerswoerd, Kronenburg, Vredenburg|
|Ronald Paping||GroenLinks||Finances, housing, poverty policy, permission and retention, project: Malburgen, Park Lingezegen, alderman for the districts of Malburgen Oost, Malburgen West, Schuytgraaf, Elderveld|
|Jan van Dellen||VVD||economic affairs / acquisition, sport, public services, automation, personnel and organization, management, communication, project: Kleefse Waard, alderman for the districts of Alteveer / 't Cranevelt, Monnikenhuizen, Geitenkamp, Velperweg en omgeving|
The office of municipal secretary is carried out by Rob van Wuijtswinkel.
Distribution of seats in the municipal council
The municipal council has been formed as follows since 2006:
|Arnhem Centraal a||3||3||2||3|
|Arnhemse Ouderen Partij||-||-||1||1|
|Trots op Nederland||-||1||-||-|
- Parties that took part in the election but were unable to obtain a seat on the council will not be considered.
coat of arms
Description : A silver double-headed eagle with a gold frame and so beaked in blue . Shield holders are two red-tongued brown lions with silver reinforcement standing on a green arabesque ; a crown of golden leaves over the shield .
Bridges and other structures
The Arnhem ship bridge was built as early as 1603 and, repeatedly renewed, remained in operation until 1935.
The two bridges over the Nederrijn near the city center are often still called Oude Rijnbrug (Old Rhine Bridge, John Frost Bridge, known from the film The Bridge of Arnhem ) and Nieuwe Rijnbrug (New Rhine Bridge , Nelson Mandela Bridge). The four bridges are downstream:
- the Andrei-Sakharov-Bridge , at the ‹autoweg› (motor road) N325 / A325,
- the John Frost Bridge ( John Frostbrug , name since 1978),
- the Nelson Mandela Bridge from 1977, called Roermondspleinbrug until 1987
- and the railway bridge (Spoorbrug), which was rebuilt in 1952.
The 145 m high KEMA Toren transmission tower is not accessible to visitors.
Arnhem has numerous high-ranking cultural institutions.
- The " Dutch Open Air Museum Arnhem " shows historical architecture.
- Sint Walburga Basilica (Walburgisplein 1)
- Burgers' Zoo
- Nederlands Watermuseum (Zijpendaalseweg 26–28)
- Museum voor Moderne Kunst Arnhem (Utrechtseweg 87)
- Eusebiuskerk (Kerkplein 1)
- Park Sonsbeek (Sonsbeeksingel, Zijpendaalseweg)
- Zijpendaal Park and Castle (Zijpendaalseweg)
- 39 historic cellars from the 13th to 15th centuries (Rijnstraat)
- Bronbeek (Velperweg 147)
- Arnhems Oorlogsmuseum 40-45 (War Museum, Kemperbergerweg 780)
Local public transport in the Arnhem-Nijmegen region is operated under the brand name breng (Dutch for (I) bring ) by Hermes , a subsidiary of Connexxion . 13 urban bus routes operate within Arnhem, including lines 1 to 3 and 5 to 7 as the Arnhem trolleybus . Breng also operates regional, express and citizen buses.
The Arnhem Centraal train station is the only train station outside the Randstad that is nicknamed Centraal (comparable to the German central station ) and is a hub in the railway traffic of the eastern Netherlands. ICE trains to Utrecht, Amsterdam, Düsseldorf, Cologne, Frankfurt and Basel, as well as intercity connections to other parts of the Netherlands stop here. The regional trains are partly operated by Arriva and breng, and the Rhein-IJssel-Express (RE 19) operated by Abellio Rail NRW connects the city with the Lower Rhine and Düsseldorf.
Arnhem is connected to numerous national and international long-distance cycle routes, including a. to the Rhine Cycle Route (the European EuroVelo route 15 from the source to the mouth of the Rhine), and also easily accessible from Germany by bike.
Considering the size of the city, there is a considerable cultural offer in Arnhem. The music scene takes place in the Musis Sacrum, the concert building where the Gelderland Symphony Orchestra rehearses and performs and where weekly jazz concerts take place. Since 2008 the Luxor , a former concert hall, has been rebuilt to complement the cultural offerings, especially in the field of pop and light music. The theater (Schouwburg) offers national and international companies a platform.
The Kunsthochschule Arnhem ( ArtEZ ) is internationally renowned for its open and experimental department for jazz and pop music , which is largely used by German students, its internationally oriented, renowned dance department, and its traditional theater department. Organized by students among others, local live jazz can be heard twice a week in Arnhem, in the “Cafe de Kroeg” and “Stella by Starlight” bars.
Sister cities of Arnhem are
- Croydon , UK , since 1985
- Gera ( Germany ), since 1987
- Wuhan ( People's Republic of China ), since 1999
sons and daughters of the town
- Everard Scheidius (1742–1794), Reformed theologian, philologist and orientalist
- Cornelis Adrianus van Enschut (1778–1835), legal scholar
- Sara Hendriks (1846–1925), painter
- Hendrik Antoon Lorentz (1853–1928), mathematician and physicist
- August Adriaan Pulle (1878–1955), botanist
- Guus Lutjens (1884–1974), football player
- Marinus van Rekum (1884–1955), tug of war and Olympic silver medalist
- Antonius van Loon (1888–1962), tug of war and Olympic silver medalist
- Cornelis J. Bute (1889–1979), organist, carillonur and composer
- Wilhelmus Johannes Bekkers (1890–1957), tug of war and Olympic silver medalist
- Henk Janssen (1890–1969), tug of war and Olympic silver medalist
- Willem van Loon (1891–1975), tug of war and Olympic silver medalist
- Willem van Rekum (1892–1961), tug of war and Olympic silver medalist
- Johannes Hengeveld (1894–1961), tug of war and Olympic silver medalist
- Bernard Wagenaar (1894–1971), American composer and violinist
- Charlotte van Pallandt (1898–1997), sculptor
- Eduard van Beinum (1900–1959), conductor
- Ida Falkenberg-Liefrinck (1901–2006), interior architect and designer
- Josephus Joannes Maria van der Ven (1907–1988), legal scholar
- Truus van Aalten (1910–1999), actress
- Marga Klompé (1912–1986), politician
- Shimon Bar-Efrat (1929-2010), Israeli biblical scholar
- Ien Dales (1931–1994), politician
- Paul Maas (* 1939), botanist
- Kees Schoonenbeek (* 1947), composer and organist
- Hans Münstermann (* 1947), writer
- De Aal (* 1949), pop singer
- Emile Ratelband (* 1949), motivational speaker
- Evert Fraterman (born 1950), drummer
- Bob Versteegh (* 1950), pianist and music teacher
- Herman Koch (* 1953), writer
- Thom Willems (* 1955), composer
- Willem van de Sande Bakhuyzen (1957-2005), director
- Roberto Straal (* 1966), football player
- Leo Peelen (1968-2017), cyclist
- Mike Starink (* 1970), radio / television presenter and actor
- Mirjam Melchers (* 1975), racing cyclist
- Linda Wagenmakers (* 1975), actress and singer
- See Siang Wong (* 1979), pianist
- Theo Janssen (* 1981), football player
- Kenny van Hummel (* 1982), racing cyclist
- Nicky Hofs (* 1983), soccer player
- Nacer Barazite (* 1990), football player
- Estavana Polman (* 1992), handball player
- Robin Pröpper (* 1993), soccer player
- Noa Pothoven (2001–2019), activist and author
People associated with the city
- Raschid Ben Ali (* 1978), Dutch painter, completed part of his training here
- Martin Böcker (* 1958), German organist, completed part of his training here
- Michiel Braam (* 1964), Dutch musician and composer, teaches at the local conservatory
- René Creemers (* 1959), Dutch musician, taught at the local conservatory
- Christian Doepke (* 1966), German musician, completed part of his training here
- Axel Dörner (* 1964), German musician and composer, completed part of his training here
- Johannes Grevius (1584–1622), German theologian, worked here as a pastor
- Audrey Hepburn (1929–1993), actress of Dutch origin, lived here during World War II
- Florentijn Hofman (* 1977), Dutch artist, lives and works here
- Jacob de Kempenaer (1793–1870), Dutch politician, died here
- Aadriaan Cornelis van Leeuwen (1887–1991), Dutch composer and conductor, died here
- Ernst Leffmann (1899–1972), German-Dutch lawyer and manufacturer, lived here from 1933 until his death
- Ehrenfried Leichel (1828–1905), German-Dutch organ builder, died here
- Mark Manders (* 1968), Dutch artist, lives here
- Pieter JR Modderman (1919–2005), Dutch archaeologist, died here
- Adolf von Neuenahr (1554–1589), Dutch governor, died here
- Marcus Schinkel (* 1968), German musician, completed part of his training here
- Jan Taminiau (* 1975), Dutch fashion designer, completed part of his training here
- Johan Wagenaar (1862–1941), Dutch composer and organist, worked here as a choir conductor
- Ita Wegman (1876–1943), Dutch doctor and anthroposophist, completed part of her schooling here
- Website of the municipality (Dutch, English)
- Website of the Stadsregio Arnhem-Nijmegen (Dutch)
- Arnhem in Site Virtual Tour (German, Dutch, English, French)
- Illustration by Daniel Meisner from 1625: Arnheim; Ex Vitio Alterius Sapiens Emendat Suum ( digitized version )
- Illustration by Nicolaas van Geelkercken from 1654: Arnhem ( digitized version )
- Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand . In: StatLine . Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek (Dutch)
- Prümer Urbar Cap. IIC, ed. I. Schwab, pp. 242f.
- Ahmed Marcouch officieel nieuwe burgemeester Arnhem. In: Omroep Gelderland. August 25, 2017, accessed July 1, 2018 (Dutch).
- Arnhem heeft nieuw college, oud-wethouders leggen ze het vuur aan de schenen. In: Omroep Gelderland. May 31, 2018, accessed July 1, 2018 (Dutch).
- Samenstelling college Gemeente Arnhem, accessed on July 1, 2018 (Dutch)
- Result of the local elections: 2014 2018 , accessed on July 1, 2018 (Dutch)
- seats in the municipal council: 2006 2010 2014 2018 , accessed on July 1, 2018 (Dutch)
- webmaster: EuroVelo 15: from the source of the Rhine to the North Sea - EuroVelo. Retrieved May 15, 2017 .
- site Gemeente Arnhem - Stedenbanden