Hoher Meissner transmitter

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Hoher Meissner transmitter
Radio transmission point Hessisch Lichtenau 1
Image of the object
Basic data
Place: Berg Hoher Meißner near Hessisch Lichtenau
Country: Hesse
Country: Germany
Altitude : 710  m above sea level NHN
Coordinates: 51 ° 12 ′ 28.1 ″  N , 9 ° 50 ′ 48.8 ″  E
Use: Telecommunication system , radio transmitter
Accessibility: Transmission system not accessible to the public
Owner : Hessischer Rundfunk , German radio tower
Data on the transmission system
Number of towers / masts: 3
Height of the towers / masts : 220  m , 155 m, 40 m
Construction time: from 1951
Last modification (transmitter) : March 2015
Wavebands : AM stations , FM stations
Radio : VHF broadcasting
Send types: DAB , DVB-T, mobile communications
Position map
Transmitter Hoher Meissner (Hesse)
Hoher Meissner transmitter
Hoher Meissner transmitter
Localization of Hessen in Germany

The station Hoher Meißner on the Hoher Meißner is an important broadcasting location of the Hessischer Rundfunk (HR) for VHF and digital television ( DVB-T ).

History and description of the facility

After construction of the first transmission facilities of the Hessian Broadcasting took in April 1952 trial operation with central shaft for the radio on, which passed after successful completion in June 1952 in regular operation.

Three years later, the television station on the Hoher Meissner went into operation. Until the switch to DVB-T on May 25, 2006, analog television was broadcast on channels 7 ( ARD ), 32 ( ZDF ) and 55 ( HR ).

The medium-wave transmitter (594 kHz, 100 kW), which is operated in the single-frequency network with the Weiskirchen transmitter , was switched off on December 31, 2009, as the Hessian Broadcasting Corporation completely dispensed with medium-wave for cost reasons. The main transmission mast for medium wave on the Hoher Meissner had already been demolished in 1995, the associated reserve transmission mast, which was initially still in use, followed on March 16, 2015.

On September 3, 2019, an accident occurred on one of the masts in which a maintenance gondola with three workers from an external company who were busy installing a new antenna for DAB + reception fell from a height of 50 meters. This resulted in the death of the three workers.


Antenna structures or transmission systems on the Hoher Meissner:

Existing transmission masts

  • 220 m high, earthed, guyed steel lattice tower for VHF and TV (built in 1964/65)
  • 155 m high, grounded, guyed steel framework mast, which carries a trap antenna for medium wave and directional radio antennas
  • 40 m high freestanding steel lattice tower with cellular antennas and VHF spare antennas
  • a free-standing tubular steel tower with a radio relay platform

Former transmission masts

  • 95 m high tubular steel mast insulated from earth as a reserve antenna for medium waves; Demolished in 2015
  • 1951 erected, insulated from earth, guyed tubular steel mast as transmission mast for medium wave; Demolished in 1995

Frequencies and Programs

Analog radio ( FM )

program RDS PS RDS PI Regionalization ERP  
Antenna pattern
round (ND) / directional (D)
horizontal (H) / vertical (V)
99.0 hr1 __hr1___ D361 - 100 ND H
95.5 hr2 culture __hr2___ D362 - 100 ND H
89.5 hr3 __hr3___ / h__r__3_ / _h_r_3__ / __hr3___ /
- * hr3 * -_ / ** hr3 ** _
D363 - 100 ND H
101.7 hr4 hr4_Nord
D564 (regional), 
Northeast Hesse 100 ND H
105.1 Hit Radio FFH _FFH-KS_
D468 (regional), 
North Hesse / Kassel 100 ND H
  1. a b c d e Sometimes dynamic with program information, music track information or web addresses
  2. Dynamic, partly with news

Due to the topographical and geographical location, the transmission system reaches 6 federal states with a powerful 100 kW output. In addition to Hesse, the reception extends to Thuringia, Lower Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Bavaria (Rhön, Lower Franconia) and even as far as eastern North Rhine-Westphalia (Sauerland).

Digital radio ( DAB / DAB + )

Since November 30, 2015, this station has also broadcast digital radio.

block Programs ERP  
(in kW)
Antenna pattern
round (ND) /
directional (D)
vertical (V),
horizontal (H)
Single frequency network (SFN)
DR Germany
DAB + block of media broadcast: 10 ND V
NORTH (D__00398)
DAB multiplex from Hessen Digital Radio: 5 D. V Biedenkopf (bagpipe) , Fulda (Hummelskopf) , Habichtswald , Hoher Meißner

hr radio
DAB + multiplex of the HR :
  • hr1 (136 kbps)
  • hr2 (144 kbps)
  • hr3 (136 kbps)
  • hr4 Rhine-Main (south) (136 kbps)
  • hr4 north / east (north) (136 kbps)
  • hr4 central Hesse (center) (136 kbps)
  • YOU FM (136 kbps)
  • hr-iNFO (88 kbps)
  • hr EPG (32 kbps)
  • hr journaline (32 kbps)
  • hr TPEG (32 kbps)
6th D. V

Digital television (DVB-T2)

On November 8, 2017, the broadcast of DVB-T programs ended and regular operation of DVB-T2 HD began. The programs of the ARD ( hr -Mux) and the ZDF are broadcast in the DVB-T2 standard using the HEVC video coding method and in Full HD resolution.

The DVB-T2 HD -Ausstrahlungen from Hoher Meissner transmitter running in single-frequency operation (Single Frequency Network) with other transmitter sites.

channel Frequency (  
Multiplex Programs in multiplex ERP  
Antenna pattern
/ round (ND)
directed (D)
horizontal (H) /
vertical (V)
Modulation method FEC Guard interval Bit rate  
(Mbit / s)
Single frequency network (SFN)
46 674 ARD Digital (hr) 50 ND H 64-QAM 
(16k mode)
1/2 19/128 18.34 Hoher Meißner , Habichtswald , Kassel-Söhrewald
29 538 ARD regional (hr) north 50 ND H 64-QAM 
(16k mode)
3/5 19/128 22.00 Hoher Meißner , Habichtswald, Kassel-Söhrewald, Rimberg
35 586 Substream 0:


( ZDFmobil )


Substream 0:

Substream 1:

50 ND H 64-QAM 
(16k mode)
3/5 19/128 22.00 Hoher Meißner , Habichtswald, Kassel-Söhrewald, Göttingen / Espol

Digital television ( DVB-T )

The DVB-T broadcasts on the mast of Media Broadcast run since 29 May 2006 and are the single-frequency network operated (Single Frequency Network) with other transmitter sites. They ended on November 8, 2017.

channel Frequency (  
Multiplex Programs in multiplex ERP  
Antenna pattern
/ round (ND)
directed (D)
horizontal (H) /
vertical (V)
Modulation method FEC Guard interval Bit rate  
(Mbit / s)
Single frequency network (SFN)
32 562 ARD Digital  (hr) 50 ND H 16 QAM 
(8 k mode)
2/3 1/4 13.27 Hoher Meißner , Habichtswald , Angelburg
55 746 ARD regional (hr) 
North Hesse
50 ND H 16 QAM 
(8 k mode)
2/3 1/4 13.27 Hoher Meißner , Habichtswald
42 642 ZDFmobil 50 ND H 16 QAM 
(8 k mode)
2/3 1/4 13.27 Hoher Meißner , Habichtswald, Göttingen / Espol

Analog television (PAL)

Before the switch to DVB-T, the broadcasting location was still used for analog television:

channel Frequency  
program ERP
Transmission diagram
round (ND) /
directional (D)
horizontal (H) /
vertical (V)
7th 189.25 The first (HR) 100 ND H
32 559.25 ZDF 390 ND H
55 743.25 hr television 470 ND H


Former military facilities

During the Second World War (1939 to 1945) and the Cold War (1945 to 1990) and beyond, various military installations existed on the Hoher Meissner :

  • Camp Freya: On the southern part of the Meißner high plateau, in the area of ​​the current facilities of transmitter masts, ski lift and mountain inn Hoher Meißner , an aviation weather station, later called Camp Freya , with several military buildings was built in 1937/38 , where measurements were carried out especially for the former Military airfield in Eschwege. From 1945 the buildings, which also served as barracks, were used by the US Army and, after having been used by the German Armed Forces in the meantime, by the US Army again until 1992. The facility was demolished in 1998 after being vacant for 6 years.
  • Melone: Near the Kasseler Kuppe , the German Wehrmacht built the Melone night fighter control station with several buildings and radar towers during World War II , which went into operation on August 19, 1943 and from which air traffic controllers operated aircraft. On April 1, 1945, it was taken over by the US Army and dismantled after a short period of use.
  • Eloka base : About 300 m west of the Schwalbenthal, there were two monitoring systems (one from the US) at an altitude of around 715  m during the Cold War from 1948 to 1992 near the state road  3241, which leads from Schwalbenthal or Stinksteinwand in the direction of Meißnerhaus. Army and Bundeswehr jointly operated and one by the Federal Intelligence Service ; BND) with several buildings that were in direct proximity to one another. The last still remaining concrete tower of the Bundeswehr, the highly visible and about 80 m high Eloka -Turm (popularly: Meissner Tower ), was blown up on 11 November 2002 after its demolition had been postponed for years. Rubble, foundation and tower stump are still there.
  • Cola-Can: During the Cold War, the Cola-Can wiretapping system built by the US military in 1953 existed near the Kalbe.It consisted of a building with a small tower and barracks, emerged from a mobile wiretapping system operated by the US military and was later taken over by the Federal Intelligence Service was to eavesdrop on radio communications from Warsaw Pact states. The buildings, which were disguised as the Federal Office for Telecommunications Statistics, were demolished in December 1995.

Accident on September 3, 2019

On September 3, 2019, around 9:00 a.m. local time, a serious accident occurred at the Hoher Meißner transmission mast.

A work team was working in a maintenance gondola on one of the masts when it fell from a height of around 50 meters for an as yet unknown cause. At least three people lost their lives in the process.

Individual evidence

  1. hr will switch off medium wave at the end of the year , from December 28, 2009, on radioszene.de
  2. a b hessenschau - hr broadcast mast falls , film of the hessenschau from March 16, 2015, accessed on June 18, 2015, on youtube.com
  3. Three workers die when a gondola crashes on a transmission tower. In: https://www.hessenschau.de/ . September 3, 2019, accessed September 3, 2019 .
  4. Media-Broadcast announces new station locations for national digital radio multiplex ( Memento from December 31, 2015 in the Internet Archive ), press release from October 26, 2015, accessed on December 31, 2015, on media-broadcast.com
  5. ^ Project JLT - The Reconnaissance Towers of the Army , on geschichtsspuren.de
  6. At the "Hessischer Rundfunk" broadcast tower: maintenance gondola falls 50 meters down - several dead. In: merkur.de. September 3, 2019, accessed September 3, 2019 .

Web links

Commons : Hoher Meißner  - Collection of images