Beyoncé Giselle Knowles-Carter [ bijɒn.seɪ ] (* 4. September 1981 in Houston , Texas ) is an American R & B - and pop - singer , actress and songwriter . Until 2005 she was a member of the R&B girl group Destiny’s Child . Since 2003 she has been working as a solo artist; their six albums all reached number one on the American Billboard charts .
She sold over 200 million records solo and with Destiny's Child, making her one of the most successful artists worldwide . In 2009 she was named Best Artist of the Decade by Billboard Magazine; In 2011 she received the Billboard Millennium Award. In 2014, she was voted Most Influential Artist by Forbes Magazine and received the Michael Jackson Video Vanguard Award for Lifetime Achievement at the age of 32 . Beyoncé received 23 Grammys and is one of the richest musicians in the world with a net worth of $ 440 million. She made $ 115 million in 2014, making her the highest paid woman in the music business that year.
Beyoncé Knowles was born in 1981 in Houston , the first child of Xerox sales manager Mathew Knowles and Célestine Ann "Tina" Beyincé, who ran a hairdressing business . Her father has African, her mother African, French, Indian and Irish roots. Beyoncé Knowles' first name was derived from her mother's maiden name. The actress and singer Solange Knowles is her younger sister.
After the two founding members LaTavia Roberson and LeToya Luckett left Destiny's Child in late 1999, she suffered from depression , which is said to have been caused by the irritable mood in the group and the separation from her boyfriend at the time. She described the situation as follows: “Now I was world famous, I was afraid that I would no longer find someone who really loves me, who I can have for myself. I was afraid to make new friends. "
On April 4, 2008, she married the rapper Jay-Z in New York , with whom she has been in a relationship since 2002. On January 7, 2012, the two had a daughter. Twins followed on June 13, 2017.
1987–1996: career start
Beyoncé took dance lessons in ballet and jazz at school, where her singing talent was discovered by her teacher. Her interest in dance, singing, and music grew when she appeared on a school talent show. There she sang the song Imagine by John Lennon and won the competition.
At the age of seven, Beyoncé was nominated for The Sammy Performing Arts Award in the Houston Chronicle . In the fall of 1990, she attended Parker Elementary School in Houston and gained further singing experience in the school choir. She became a member of a church choir in Houston for two years, where she acted as a soloist . At the end of 1990 Beyoncé founded the six-member dance and singing group Girls Tyme together with LaTavia Roberson , her childhood friend Kelly Rowland and her school friends Keke Wyatt and Támar Davis . After LeToya Luckett joined the group in 1993 , two other members were fired by the manager, leaving the band with only four members, Beyoncé, Rowland, Luckett and Roberson. Over time, the group established itself as the opening act for other established R&B girl groups. Managed by Father Mathew, the group has become known over the years through numerous local appearances. When a record deal was signed with Elektra Records , the group's name was changed to Destiny's Child. They moved to Atlanta to work on their first recordings. In 1996 the group signed a recording deal with the major label Columbia Records .
1997-2001: Destiny's Child
After signing the record deal with Columbia, the group recorded the first song Killing Time under their new record label, which appeared on the soundtrack album for the movie Men in Black in 1997. The band's first single, No No No, peaked at number 1 on the US Billboard charts . The group later won three Soul Train Lady of Soul Awards . More successful releases followed, including No. 1 hits Bills Bills Bills and Say My Name , which won two Grammys. Two albums were also released: Destiny's Child in 1998 and The Writing's on the Wall a year later . The group's second album sold more than eight million copies in the United States. In 1999 Beyoncé recorded the song After All Is Said and Done with the musician Marc Nelson , which is part of the soundtrack of the film The Best Man .
In late 1999, Luckett and Roberson left the group because of a disagreement with Mathew Knowles. In 2000 Destiny's Child released the number 1 single Independent Women Part I , the theme song for Charlie's Angels . The third album, Survivor , followed in 2001 and reached number 1 in the album charts in the USA, Great Britain , Germany , Austria and Switzerland . Numerous successful singles followed, such as Survivor, Bootylicious and Emotions, a cover for Bee Gees . After the subsequent world tour and the release of the Christmas album 8 Days of Christmas in October 2001, women parted ways in favor of solo careers.
2002–2003: Beginning of the solo career with Dangerously in Love
In 2002 Beyoncé released her first solo single Work It Out . The song can be found in the soundtrack of the film Austin Powers in Gold Stand , in which she can also be seen as an actress. The following year she starred opposite Cuba Gooding, Jr. in the comedy Fighting Temptations and recorded songs for the soundtrack, including a cover version of Fever from 1956. In October 2002, Beyoncé recorded with her boyfriend, the US rapper Jay-Z , the single '03 Bonnie & Clyde on. The song reached number four on the American Billboard Hot 100 . In Switzerland the song reached number 1.
In June 2003 her debut album Dangerously in Love was released . Immediately after its release, the album reached number 1 on the American Billboard 200 album charts and sold over eleven million copies worldwide. The first two single releases from the album, Crazy in Love and Baby Boy , a collaboration with Sean Paul , reached number 1 in the USA. Other singles were Me, Myself and I and Naughty Girl , both of which reached the top 10 of the single charts. In 2004 the album won five Grammys. In November 2003, Knowles started her first world tour, the Dangerously in Love Tour .
2004–2005: Destiny's Child Comeback and Separation
In March 2004 Beyoncé toured North America with Alicia Keys , Missy Elliott and Tamia . After a three-year hiatus in which the band members concentrated on solo projects, Beyoncé reunited with Rowland and Williams in 2004 to release the group's final album, Destiny Fulfilled, in November . The album reached number 2 in the American album charts and sold over 3 million times in the United States. In 2005 Destiny's Child went on tour for the last time and then broke up.
Beyoncé's solo title Check on It with rapper Slim Thug was released in December 2005. The song was number one on the American charts for five weeks in 2006 and was Beyoncé's third number one hit in the United States.
In December 2006 she recorded numerous songs for the soundtrack of the musical film Dreamgirls , in which she also starred, including the song Listen , which was released as a single. Their second studio album, B'Day , was released in September 2006. Like its predecessors, B'Day debuted at number one on the American Billboard 200 charts. It sold around 3 million times in the US and went triple platinum. The first single from the album Déjà Vu with Jay-Z reached number four on the Billboard Hot 100 and became Beyoncé's second solo number one hit after Crazy in Love in the UK . The single Irreplaceable was her fourth number one hit in the US.
Beautiful Liar, a duet with singer Shakira from 2007, reached number three in the US and number one in Germany , Austria , Switzerland and the UK. In Germany, Beautiful Liar has remained her only number one hit so far. On April 10, 2007 she started her second solo world tour. The tour included over 90 concerts worldwide and was shown as a concert film with the DVD The Beyoncé Experience Live! filmed. Other releases from the album include Listen , Ring The Alarm , Suga Mama , Kitty Kat , Upgrade U with Jay Z , Freakum Dress & Check On It with rapper Bun B. All of the songs published made a successful chart entry.
2008–2010: I Am… Sasha Fierce
On November 14th, 2008, Beyoncé released her third album entitled I Am… Sasha Fierce . For the album, Beyoncé expanded her alter ego Sasha Fierce . The album also debuted at number one on the US Billboard 200 and went double platinum in the US. The single, Single Ladies (Put a Ring on It) , reached number one in the US charts. In the UK, If I Were a Boy became their fourth number one. The music video was nominated in nine categories at the 2009 MTV Video Music Awards and won the Video of the Year award . To promote her album, she started her third world tour in March 2009, entitled I Am… Tour . She received six awards at the 2010 Grammy Awards . In February 2010 Beyoncé worked with Lady Gaga , the song Telephone was created . The song reached number three on the American Billboard Hot 100 and number one in Great Britain, among other places. There it became her fifth number one hit as a solo artist. The single also reached number one on the American pop charts and was an international hit. Further releases from the third album are the No. 1 song Halo , Ego with Kanye West , Sweet Dreams , DIVA , Broken-Hearted Girl , Video Phone (Remix) with Lady Gaga and Why Dont You Love Me .
In February 2011, WikiLeaks published documents showing that Beyoncé, along with Usher , Mariah Carey and Nelly Furtado, received one million US dollars each to sing for the family of Libyan ruler Muammar al-Gaddafi . Rolling Stone magazine announced that the musicians had donated money for their performances to charities. 2 March 2011 told an aide to Beyoncé of The Huffington Post , that they the money to the charity Clinton Bush Haiti Fund was donated to the victims of the earthquake in Haiti to help. On March 28, 2011 it was announced that Knowles' father Mathew will no longer be her manager. Beyoncé stated that she had an argument with her father "on a business level". She now manages herself and has her own team.
Her fourth album 4 was released on June 24, 2011. This album also reached number 1 on the American Billboard 200. On November 12, 2013, it was awarded the prize for the best live performance at the MTV Europe Music Awards in Amsterdam . The lead single was the R&B uptempo number Run the World (Girls) , a short time later the second single, Best Thing I Never Had , was released. The third single, Countdown , was released parallel to Knowle's first pregnancy. Other songs that have been released as single are 1 + 1 , End Of Time , Party with J. Cole and Kanye West , Love on Top and Dance For You with TI .
On December 13, 2013, she released her fifth studio album, entitled Beyoncé , on the iTunes Internet portal without any announcement or promotion . Drake , Jay-Z and Frank Ocean appeared as guest musicians. The album reached number 1 on the iTunes charts in numerous countries, including Germany. In the United States, it was the fifth Beyoncé album in a row at number one on the Billboard charts. As singles were Drunk in Love with Jay-Z, XO , partition and Pretty Hurts decoupled. She sang Drunk in Love with Jay-Z at the Super Bowl party in New York and at the 2014 Grammy Awards .
Beyoncé was nominated in five categories at the 2014 BET Awards , of which she won three categories, including the award for best female artist. From June to August 2014 she was on the On The Run tour with rapper Jay-Z . Other releases from the album are 7/11 and Flawless (remix) with Nicki Minaj . Knowles also released an EP called BEYONCÉ: More . Feeling Myself is the joint song by Nicki Minaj and Beyoncé, which was released in 2015. Knowles can also be heard in Naughty Boy's song Runnin '(Lose It All) and Coldplay's Hymn For The Weekend .
Formation was the first release from their next studio album. She sang the title live at the halftime show for Super Bowl 50 , where she interpreted his song Uptown Funk together with Bruno Mars . After her performance, she announced the Formation World Tour , which included 49 concerts in North America and Europe.
Her sixth studio album Lemonade was released on April 23, 2016, after the broadcast of a one-hour short film of the same name, which contains the music videos of all songs on the album and is accompanied by poems. The album was number 1 on the American Billboard 200 and was voted number 1 of the 50 best albums on the Billboard Charts 2016 by Rolling Stone magazine . Other releases from the album were Sorry , Hold Up , Freedom with rapper Kendrick Lamar and All Night . Beyoncé also released a new version of Daddy Lesson with the Dixie Chicks .
2017–2018: Coachella performance and album Everything is Love
Beyoncé gave birth to twins on June 13, 2017 in Los Angeles. In September 2017 she worked with J Balvin and Willy William on the release of a remix version of the song Mi Gente . Beyoncé donated all of the song's proceeds to the victims of Hurricane Irma and Hurricane Harvey . On March 12, 2018, she and her husband Jay-Z announced the Tour On The Run II , which includes 48 concerts, including at the Olympiastadion Berlin and the Rheinenergiestadion in Cologne.
On April 14, 2018, Beyoncé made the first of two appearances at the Coachella Festival , which was attended by 125,000 people. The show paid homage to African American culture and featured more than 100 dancers, plus a live band and orchestra. There was also a reunion of Destiny's Child .
In June 2018, Beyoncé and Jay-Z released a joint album called Everything is Love as The Carters . The internationally successful track Apeshit was released as the lead single here . Some songs were played live at the last concerts of the world tour On The Run II .
2019–2020: Homecoming, The Lion King and Black Is King
On April 17, 2019, she released the concert film Homecoming - A film by Beyoncé , which shows her appearance at Coachella, on Netflix . At the same time the live album Homecoming: The Live Album was released , on the album a new song called Before I let Go can be heard.
In July 2019, The Lion King: The Gift, an alternative soundtrack to the remake of the film The Lion King , in which Beyoncé played the role of Nala, was released. She published various artists from African countries (including Mr Eazi, Yemi Alade, Tekno and Lord Afrixana), sang on some pieces and worked as the executive producer of the record. From this album single releases like Spirit and Bigger were released. Other music videos have been shot & released for Brown Skin Girl with Kelly Rowland , My Power , Water with Pharrell and Find your Way back .
On June 19, 2020, she released the song "Black Parade", with which she supports black small business owners who have got into financial need due to the Corona crisis. The song was released on the anniversary of the formal abolition of slavery in the United States called Juneteenth . Shortly thereafter, she announced the album Black Is King , which was inspired by her work on the The Lion King soundtrack. It was released as a "visual album" on the streaming service Disney + , so it was fully implemented on film, with Beyoncé directing and also acting as producer again.
Already in 2001 she drew attention as the leading actress in the MTV production Carmen: A Hip Hopera alongside Mekhi Phifer as an actress. The following year she took on the supporting role of Foxxy Cleopatra in the third part of the Austin Powers series, Austin Powers in Gold Stand , for whose soundtrack she contributed the single Work It Out , among other things . In 2003, Knowles starred alongside Cuba Gooding, Jr. in the gospel comedy Fighting Temptations . For her acting achievements, she received a nomination for the NAACP Image Award for Best Actress the following year .
In early 2006 she played alongside Steve Martin , Kevin Kline and Jean Reno in the prequel to The Pink Panther the role of pop star Xania. At the end of the year she took on the role of Deena Jones in the cinema adaptation of the musical Dreamgirls, alongside Jamie Foxx , Eddie Murphy and Danny Glover . Based on the biography of Diana Ross and the Supremes , Beyoncé won a Golden Globe nomination for Best Actress in a Leading Act - Comedy or Musical . At the end of 2008 she played the role of blues and gospel singer Etta James in the drama Cadillac Records at the side of Adrien Brody . She co-wrote the soundtrack and received a Golden Globe nomination for best movie song. In 2009 she played one of the leading roles in the thriller Obsessed ; she received a nomination for the Golden Raspberry for worst actress.
- 1999: Beverly Hood
- 2001: Carmen: A Hip Hopera (TV movie)
- 2002: Austin Powers in Goldmember (Austin Powers in Goldmember)
- 2003: Fighting Temptations (The Fighting Temptations)
- 2004: Fade to Black ( Jay-Z documentary)
- 2006: The Pink Panther (The Pink Panther)
- 2006: Dreamgirls
- 2007: My Night at the Grammys (TV movie)
- 2008: Beyoncé: If I Were a Boy (short film)
- 2008: Cadillac Records
- 2009: Obsessed
- 2009: Wow! Wow! Wubbzy! (TV series, four episodes, voice)
- 2009: Beyoncé: For the Record (TV movie)
- 2010: Telephone (short film)
- 2013: Beyoncé: Life is but a Dream (Documentation)
- 2013: Epic - Hidden Kingdom ( Epic , voice of Queen Tara )
- 2019: Homecoming - A film by Beyoncé ( Homecoming , concert film)
- 2019: The Lion King (voice Nala )
Music and singing
Beyoncé's music is contemporary R&B with elements of pop , funk , hip-hop and soul . She publishes her songs in English, only for the EP Irreemplazable and the re-release of B'Day , she also recorded songs in Spanish. She is the producer and the writer or co-writer of most of the songs in which she was involved.
Beyoncé has the mezzo-soprano voice . She uses melisms for her singing and is therefore compared to artists like Mariah Carey . Editors of Eye Weekly magazine wrote: "There is no doubt that Beyoncé is one of the best singers in the pop world, maybe even the best living [...]."
Beyoncé describes Michael Jackson as her greatest musical influence and her idol. Another influence she describes Diana Ross : “She is an all-rounder entertainer: a great actress, a good singer and a beautiful, elegant woman. She is one of the few singers who can make it into good films. ”Her other musical influences include Tina Turner , Prince , Lauryn Hill , Aaliyah , Mary J. Blige , Whitney Houston , Janet Jackson , Anita Baker and Rachelle Ferrell . Beyoncé himself is referred to as an inspiration by various artists, including Rihanna , Alexandra Burke , Leona Lewis , Adele , Rita Ora , Lady Gaga and Nicki Minaj .
The media use the term “bootylicious” (a combination of the words booty (“butt”) and delicious (“delicious”) to describe Beyoncé's character. The term was made famous by Destiny's Child's number one hit of the same name and added to the Oxford English Dictionary . The Australian scientist Bryan Lessard named a rare horsefly discovered in Queensland in 1981 Scaptia beyonceae, because its shape reminds it of Beyoncé. The entomologist said literally "It was so obvious, I could see the bottom without a microscope [...] thick, golden hair growing on the abdomen, that reminded me of Beyoncé in one of her golden costumes."
In 2006 the animal rights organization PETA criticized Beyoncé for wearing fur coats. The People magazine named her 2007 best-dressed person. In 2007, she was the second African-American woman to appear on the cover of Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue after Tyra Banks . In September 2010, she made her debut as a catwalk model at Tom Ford's Spring / Summer 2011 Fashion Show. In February 2011, LA Times magazine placed her 25th among the “50 Most Beautiful Women in Film”.
In 2017, Carlos Santana said in an interview about her that she was a pretty model but couldn't sing, sparking a storm of protest on social media.
House of Deréon and Ivy Park
In 2005, Beyoncé founded House of Deréon, a contemporary women's fashion line, together with her mother . The name Deréon is supposed to remind of Beyoncé's grandmother Agnèz Deréon, who worked as a seamstress. Line products were introduced to the public through appearances by Destiny's Child. In 2008 Starwave Mobile released the mobile game Beyoncé Fashion Diva, in which you can dress Beyoncé with products from your own collection. In 2009 Beyoncé and her mother founded the label Sasha Fierce for Deréon . 2010 Beyoncé collaborated with C & A together to Deréon by Beyonce in stores in Brazil to sell.
In 2014, Beyoncé signed a deal with the British fashion chain Topshop to launch their own line of sportswear. In April 2016, the first 200-piece collection of the Ivy Park line appeared in various stores. After it became known that Topshop owner Philip Green was accused of sexual harassment and racial discrimination, Beyoncé bought Topshop's shares back in their brand and is now the sole owner.
In April 2019 it was announced that Beyoncé and Adidas would enter into a partnership and develop the sports brand Ivy Park further. Knowles will also develop clothing and shoes for the company. The collection was presented in the January issue of Elle in 2020 .
Beyoncé has been referring to feminism positively for years in interviews and with her artistic forms of expression , for example in the play "*** Flawless". For this song she sampled the sentence of the writer Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie : “Feminist: The person who believes in the political, social and economic equality of the sexes.” During her stage performance of “*** Flawless” at the 2014 MTV Video Music Awards had the word "Feminist" in big letters in the background as part of the visuals . In interviews she speaks specifically about sexism and equality , the importance of friendships among women, and the economic and sexual exploitation of African-American women in the USA.
In 2002 Beyoncé signed a promotional contract with Pepsi . In 2004 she appeared for the company in a commercial with Britney Spears, Pink and Enrique Iglesias . A campaign with Jennifer Lopez and David Beckham followed the following year . She has also been working with L'Oréal since she was 18 . In 2004 she released her first perfume, True Star, at Tommy Hilfiger . A year later, a second perfume followed at Hilfiger under the title True Star Gold . In 2007 she appeared in an advertising campaign for Emporio Armani Diamonds perfume.
In 2009 Beyoncé advertised the Nintendo DS game Rhythm Heaven . In January 2010 she signed a three-year contract with Vizio. She appeared in two television commercials for Style Savvy , a fashion video game for the Nintendo DS and Nintendo DSi . In April 2011, Beyoncé was sued by American game developer Gate Five for more than $ 100 million in damages. In June 2010, Beyoncé made agreements to develop the video game Starpower: Beyoncé . In December she then asked for much more money than previously agreed and terminated the cooperation, whereupon the project was ended and 70 employees had to be laid off. Beyoncé justified her exit with the uncertain financing of the project. In June 2013, both sides agreed to pay compensation to the games company.
Also in 2010 she released her first own perfume, Heat . Her 1956 cover version of the song Fever was used in a television commercial . The commercial, which begins with a picture of Beyoncé lying naked in a room, has been labeled as too "erotic, sexual and provocative" for audiences and has not aired in the UK. Beyoncé's Pulse perfume was released in September 2011; The Midnight Heat fragrance followed in 2012 .
Beyoncé co-founded the Survivor Foundation, a charity with Destiny's Child member Kelly Rowland and her family, to help the victims of Hurricane Katrina in 2005. She donated $ 100,000 to the Gulf Coast Ike Relief Fund, which helps the victims of Hurricane Ike . In 2005, music producer David Foster , his daughter Amy Foster-Gillies and Beyoncé wrote the song Stand Up for Love for World Children's Day .
In 2008 Beyoncé was inducted into the International Pediatric Hall of Fame at the Miami Children's Hospital Diamond Ball & Concert at the American Airlines Arena in Miami . Beyoncé also took part in Stand Up to Cancer , a charity for the American entertainment industry. Among other things, the campaign song Just Stand Up! that Beyoncé recorded with Mariah Carey , Carrie Underwood , Rihanna , Miley Cyrus , Sheryl Crow , Fergie , Leona Lewis , Keyshia Cole , LeAnn Rimes , Natasha Bedingfield , Melissa Etheridge , Mary J. Blige , Ciara , Ashanti and Nicole Scherzinger . In January 2010, Beyoncé participated in the Hope for Haiti Now: A Global Benefit for Earthquake Relief . She performed in London with Jay-Z, Rihanna and U2s Bono and The Edge .
In March 2010, Beyoncé opened the Beyoncé Cosmetology Center with her mother . The program offers cosmetic training courses as rehabilitation support for drug or alcohol addicts. In April 2011, Beyoncé teamed up with Michelle Obama and the National Association of Broadcasters Education Foundation to support their campaign against childhood obesity. She reworked her song Get Me Bodied (2007) and named the new version Move Your Body for the Let's Move! Flash workout campaign.
After the death of Osama bin Laden , Beyoncé released the benefit single God Bless the USA to donate the proceeds to the New York Police and Fire Widows and Children's Benefit Fund . The song was originally released in 1984 by country musician Lee Greenwood . Beyoncé is a co-founder of Chime for Change , an organization that works to improve medical care and access to education for women worldwide. As part of a benefit concert for the benefit of this organization, she performed in London's Twickenham Stadium in June 2013 .
In March 2018, she announced she was going vegan and urged her 113 million Instagram followers to do the same.
Records and Achievements
Beyoncé set several records in the charts. Her fifth album, Beyoncé, sold 830,000 copies in the first three days of its release. For this she received an entry in the Guinness Book of Records for the fastest-selling album on iTunes. No other woman before has received as many Grammy nominations as she does. Also, no artist has received six Grammys in one evening before her. She is also the first woman to reach number one in the American charts with her first six studio albums.
Beyoncé achieved more top 10 placements on the Billboard Hot 100 between 2001 and 2010 than any other artist. According to Forbes' list The World's Billionaires, she earned the equivalent of around 92 million euros in 2014, the highest annual earnings for a singer.
Top ranking, total weeks, awardChart placementsChart placements
(Year, title, music label , placements, weeks, awards, notes)
Dangerously in Love
R&B1 (104 weeks)
First published: June 23, 2003
Sales: + 7,455,000
Sony Urban Music / Columbia
AT13 (17 weeks)
R&B1 (80 weeks)
First published: September 1, 2006
Sales: + 3,415,000
I Am ... Sasha Fierce
Music World / Columbia
R&B1 (79 weeks)
First published: November 14, 2008
Sales: + 5,725,000
Parkwood / Columbia
DE5 (12 weeks)
AT13 (10 weeks)
CH1 (19 weeks)
R&B1 (95 weeks)
First published: June 24th, 2011
Sales: + 1,600,000
Parkwood / Columbia
DE11 (16 weeks)
AT12 (9 weeks)
R&B1 (81 weeks)
First published: December 13, 2013
Sales: + 2,600,000
Parkwood / Columbia
DE3 (22 weeks)
AT9 (16 weeks)
R&B1 (63 weeks)
First published: April 23, 2016
Sales: + 3,310,000
Beyoncé received 20 Grammys during her solo career and three as a member of Destiny's Child. She has also received several BRIT Awards , MTV Europe Music Awards , MTV Video Music Awards and a NAACP Image Award from the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People . Since 2007 she has been nominated for a total of three Golden Globes . In 2014 she received the "Michael Jackson Vanguard Award" for her life's work at the MTV Video Music Awards. In 2011 Beyoncé was the first African-American artist and the second woman ever to receive the "Pop Songwriter of the Year Award", which is presented by ASCAP .
- Anna Pointer: Beyoncé - Crazy In Love (The Exclusive Biography) . Hannibal Verlag, Höfen 2015, ISBN 978-3-85445-468-7 (Original edition: Beyoncé: Running The World )
- Nele Pollatschek : Pollatschek's canon: "Lemonade" is an intertextual work of art , November 26, 2019, 4:09 minutes (still audible until November 25, 2020).
- Beyoncé official website
- Beyoncé at laut.de
- Beyoncé in the Internet Movie Database (English)
- Beyoncé in the German dubbing index
- ^ Beyonce Knowles' name change
- ↑ Glamor with grip. March 14, 2014, accessed September 28, 2015 .
- ^ Kory Grow: Beyonce to Receive MTV Video Vanguard Award, Perform at VMAs. In: RollingStone.com. August 7, 2014, accessed January 5, 2015 .
- ↑ Joe Lynch: Madonna Bests Paul McCartney As World's Richest Recording Artist. In: Billboard.com. December 2, 2014, accessed January 3, 2014 .
- ^ World's Highest-Paid Musicians 2014. In: Forbes.com. Retrieved January 10, 2014 .
- ↑ web.archive.org ( Memento from September 7, 2014 in the Internet Archive )
- ↑ Entry at filmreference.com
- ^ Ludovic Hunter-Tilney: Beyoncé. A superstar selling musical militancy , in: Financial Times , February 13, 2016, p. 7
- ↑ Beyoncé Knowles' Biography , Fox News . April 15, 2008. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. Retrieved on May 11, 2012.
- ↑ Megan Smolenyak: A Peek into Blue Ivy Carter's Past , The Huffington Post . AOL . January 12, 2012. Retrieved January 30, 2012.
- ↑ Beyoncé: 'I was depressed at 19' . Contactmusic.com . December 1, 2008. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. Retrieved on May 11, 2012.
- ^ Caitlin A. Johnson: Beyoncé On Love, Depression and Reality , CBS News . December 13, 2006. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. Retrieved on May 11, 2012.
- ↑ Beyonce Speaks About Her Past Depression . Access Hollywood . December 15, 2006. Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. Retrieved on May 11, 2012.
- ↑ a b Beyoncé Knowles: Biography - Part 1 . In: People . Archived from the original on January 30, 2012. Retrieved May 11, 2012.
- ↑ billboard.com
- ↑ Beyoncé's twins are here! · Boutblank.com. Retrieved June 19, 2017 .
- ↑ Biography Today . Omnigraphics, Detroit MI 2010, ISBN 978-0-7808-1058-7 , pp. 10 .
- ↑ Andrew Gillings: Destiny's Child: Soul Survivors . In: Essence . April 21, 2001. Archived from the original on October 9, 2008. Retrieved on May 11, 2012.
- ↑ Cameo: Fat Joe Interviews with Beyoncé and Mike Epps . MTV News . MTV Networks . Archived from the original on February 24, 2008. Retrieved May 11, 2012.
- ↑ Ryan J. Downey: Beyoncé Teams With Diddy, Destiny On "Temptations" Soundtrack . In: MTV News , August 14, 2003. Retrieved April 1, 2008.
- ^ Correy Moss: Beyoncé: Genuinely In Love - Part 1 . In: MTV News . Retrieved April 1, 2008.
- ↑ Up for Discussion Jump to Forums: '03 Bonnie & Clyde - Jay-Z . In: Billboard . Archived from the original on June 23, 2011. Retrieved April 29, 2011.
- ↑ Corey Moss: Beyoncé Pushes Up Release Date Of Solo Debut . In: MTV News , June 2, 2003. Retrieved March 31, 2008.
- ↑ DL Chandler: Jay-Z And Beyonce Celebrate Three Years Of Wedded Bliss . MTV. April 5, 2011. Retrieved April 6, 2011.
- ↑ Joseph Patel: Beyonce Wins Most, Outkast Shine, 50 Cent Shut Out at Grammys . MTV. February 4, 2004. Retrieved January 9, 2011.
- ^ Billboard Magazine . In: Billboard . October 10, 2009. Retrieved January 20, 2011.
- ^ RIAA Gold & Platinum> Destiny's Child . Recording Industry Association of America . Retrieved November 13, 2008.
- ↑ Jonathan Cohen: Destiny's Child To Split After Fall Tour . In: Billboard , June 15, 2005. Archived from the original on June 23, 2011. Retrieved April 1, 2008.
- ↑ Clover Hope: No Budging Beyoncé From Hot 100 No. 1 . In: Billboard , February 23, 2006. Archived from the original on June 23, 2011. Retrieved January 26, 2006.
- ↑ Clover Hope: Beyoncé, Slim Thug Battle Their Way to No. 1 . In: Billboard . January 26, 2006. Retrieved January 6, 2011.
- ^ Shaheem Reid: Beyoncé Wants End to Drama Over New Drama "Dreamgirls"; Sets tour . In: MTV News , December 13, 2006. Retrieved April 1, 2008.
- ↑ Katie Hasty: Beyonce's 'B-Day' Makes Big Bow At No. 1 . In: Billboard , September 13, 2006. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved January 5, 2008.
- ^ Beyoncé's Albums by the Numbers . In: Billboard . 121, No. 40, October 10, 2009, p. 46. Retrieved May 11, 2012.
- ^ A b Gold and Platinum , Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved April 2, 2008.
- ^ Beyoncé's Billboard Singles Chart Performances . In: Allmusic . Retrieved January 7, 2008.
- ↑ Katie Hasty: Beyoncé Makes It Ten Weeks at No. 1 With 'Irreplaceable' . In: Billboard , February 8, 2007. Retrieved January 4, 2011.
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|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Knowles-Carter, Beyoncé Giselle (full name); Knowles, Beyoncé Giselle; Fierce, Sasha (pseudonym)|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||American singer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||4th September 1981|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Houston , Texas, United States|