|Canton||Breteuil (main town)|
|Community association||Interco Normandie Sud Eure|
|Coordinates||48 ° 50 ' N , 0 ° 55' E|
|surface||55.05 km 2|
|Residents||4,424 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||80 inhabitants / km 2|
Breteuil , unofficially Breteuil-sur-Iton called, is a French town with 4424 inhabitants (at January 1, 2017) in the south of the department Eure in the region of Normandy . The inhabitants call themselves Bretolia . Bretouil is the capital of the canton of Breteuil .
(inh. Per km²)
|Breteuil (administrative headquarters)||27112||27.46||157-197||3,203||116.6|
Breteuil is located 27 kilometers southwest of Évreux . The Iton flows through the municipality. The city owns a large forest called Forêt de Breteuil .
Breteuil is surrounded by eight neighboring communities:
|Les Baux-de-Breteuil||Le Lesme||Marbois|
Verneuil d'Avre et d'Iton
Breteuil is a very old town that already existed in pre-Roman times. At the time of the Norman invasion was a Franke called Gualon the lord of the town. In the 10th century Breteuil came into the possession of the Duke of Normandy , who gave the fief to Raoul d'Ivry († after 1015), who in turn gave it to his daughter to marry Osbern de Crépon († around 1040). William the Conqueror (1027 / 28-1087) had a castle built near Breteuil and diverted the Iton for it. The seigneur of the village was at that time William FitzOsbern, 1st Earl of Hereford (1020-1071). Fitz Osbern founded the Abbey of Notre-Dame de Lyre , to which he gave lands in Breteuil.
Henry II of England (1133–1189) gave the town to Robert de Montfort, whose sister sold it to Philip II of France (1165–1223) in 1210 . After that, Breteuil belonged to Charles II of Navarre (1332-1387). In 1378 the castle was razed. In 1410, Breteuil came into the possession of Charles VI. of France (1368-1422). In 1651 it was given to the La Tour d'Auvergne family .
During the Franco-Prussian War (1870/71), Breteuil was captured by Prussian troops on November 21, 1870.
During the Second World War , Breteuil was bombed by the Allied Air Force in the summer of 1944 during Operation Overlord .
On January 1, 2016, the municipalities of Cintray and La Guéroulde were incorporated.
|local community||Population (Census)|
|Source: Cassini and INSEE|
The (total) population of the municipality of Breteuil was determined by adding up the municipalities that were independent until the end of 2015.
The twin town is Hückelhoven in North Rhine-Westphalia .
Culture and sights
Breteuil is represented with a flower in the Conseil national des villes et villages fleuris (National Council of Flowered Cities and Villages). The "flowers" are awarded in the course of a regional competition, whereby a maximum of three flowers can be achieved.
The Romanesque church of Saint-Sulpice is dedicated to Saint Sulpicius II of Bourges and dates from the 12th century. It is entered in the supplementary inventory ( inventaire supplémentaire ) of the Monuments historiques ( monuments ). The town hall was built from 1859 to 1869 in the neo-Gothic style and is also entered in the additional directory of the Monuments historique.
Economy and Infrastructure
The Château de Bonald was a simple mansion until 1691 . Joachim Martel bought it and had it converted. In 1809 the family sold the manor house, which now consisted of two buildings and a 2 hectare park. Prosper-Isidore Le Vacher d'Urclé bought it and had it expanded. After the death of Thérèse Bonald, nee d'Urclé, in 1926, the city of Paris acquired the castle and turned it into a psychotherapeutic institute for the treatment of children. The castle and its park are classified as site classé (natural and cultural monument).
Breteuil is a station verte (green vacation spot). Station verte is a name given to vacation spots that have fewer than 10,000 inhabitants, offer year-round leisure activities, have a tourist office, have at least 200 guest beds, have sufficient shopping opportunities in the village and are close to nature.
Important occupations in Breteuil are forestry , the breeding of domestic cattle, poultry and fish. There is a cider shop , a brick factory and a rolling mill on site.
Protected Geographical Indications (IGP) apply to pork (Porc de Normandie) , poultry (Volailles de Normandie) and cider (Cidre de Normandie and Cidre normand) in the municipality .
Louis Constant Wairy (1778-1845) was the valet of Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821) from 1800 to 1814 and wrote his memoirs after his death. Wairy died in Breteuil.
- Official homepage of the Mairie de Breteuil-sur-Iton (French)
- Breteuil in the Base Mémoire des Ministère de la culture (French)
- ↑ Population figures retrospectively from January 1, 2016
- ↑ Un peu d'Histoire on villedebreteuilsuriton.fr in French.
- ^ Daniel Delattre, Emmanuel Delattre: L'Eure, les 675 communes . Editions Delattre, Grandvilliers 2000, pp. 53 f . (French).
- ↑ Alex Gardin: La guerre de 1870–1871 à Bernay . Les Éditions Page de Garde, Saint-Aubin-les-Elbeuf 1997, ISBN 2-84340-037-6 , p. 15 (French, first edition: 1898, reprint).
- ↑ A.-V. de Walle: Évreux et l'Eure pendant la guerre . Charles Herissey, Évreux 2000, ISBN 2-914417-05-5 , pp. 176 (French, first edition: 1946).
- ↑ Palmarès des villes et villages fleuris. (No longer available online.) Conseil National des Villes et Villages Fleuris, archived from the original on December 25, 2015 ; Retrieved on August 14, 2011 (French). Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- ^ Breteuil in the Base Mérimée des Ministère de la Culture (French). Accessed August 14, 2011.
- ↑ L'association Richard Baret et l'institut de Breteuil ( Memento of the original of September 8, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (French)
- ^ Franck Beaumont, Philippe Seydoux: Gentilhommières des pays de l'Eure . Editions de la Morande, Paris 1999, ISBN 2-902091-31-2 ( formally incorrect ) , p. 318 f . (French).
- ↑ Breteuil on the stations vertes website ( memento of the original from September 25, 2009 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (French) Retrieved November 2, 2009.
- ↑ Vie économique on villedebreteuilsuriton.fr in French.
- ↑ La ville de Breteuil. In: Annuaire-Mairie.fr. Retrieved July 21, 2012 (French).