|Community association||Pays de Montbéliard agglomeration|
|surface||8.03 km 2|
|Residents||1,501 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||187 inhabitants / km 2|
The area of the 8.03 km² municipal area comprises a section of the undulating landscape north of the Doube valley. The central part of the area is occupied by the Montenois plateau, which is an average of 400 m. It has a width of one kilometer and a length of four kilometers and is mainly composed of arable and meadow land. In the south the plateau is flanked by the forest heights of the Bois du Cujot (up to 440 m) and Mont Truchot (at 469 m the highest elevation in Montenois), in the west by the Bois du Combollet (). Towards the northeast, a step leads over to the Arcey plain about 40 m below. The entire area shows no surface watercourses because the rainwater seeps into the karstified subsoil of the limestone plateaus.
In the Middle Ages, Montenois belonged to the rule of Granges, which came under the sovereignty of the Counts of Montbéliard in the 14th century. Together with Franche-Comté , the village came to France with the Peace of Nijmegen in 1678. During the Second World War there was an important resistance cell of the Resistance in Montenois . Because of this, 16 villagers were executed by the German occupying forces, who are remembered by a cross. Today, Montenois is part of the Pays de Montbéliard Agglomération municipal association .
The village church of Saint-Georges in Montenois was built in the 18th century.
With 1501 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2017), Montenois is one of the smaller municipalities in the Doubs department. After the population in the first half of the 20th century had always been in the range between 330 and 430 people, a strong population growth has been recorded since the beginning of the 1960s. Since then, the number of inhabitants has almost quadrupled.
Economy and Infrastructure
Until well into the 20th century, Montenois was mainly a village characterized by agriculture (arable farming, fruit growing and cattle breeding) and forestry. In addition, there are now some local small businesses. In the meantime, the village has also turned into a residential community. Many workers are therefore commuters who work in the larger towns in the area.
The village is off the major thoroughfares on a departmental road that leads from Lougres to Arcey. The closest connection to the A36 motorway is around 14 kilometers away. Other road connections exist with Sainte-Marie and Bretigney.
The community particularly supports sport. In 1973 a sports school (Etoile Sportive de Montenois) was opened. As a result, a multifunctional sports facility, hiking trails with an exercise course and an 18-hole swing golf course were opened, on which the 2005 French championships were held.