City of Mönchengladbach
|Coordinates: 51 ° 9 ′ 1 " N , 6 ° 21 ′ 42" E|
|Height :||70 (65-80) m|
|Area :||3.24 km²|
|Residents :||27,363 (Dec 31, 2008)|
|Population density :||8,453 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||June 30, 1921|
|Postal code :||41179|
|Area code :||02161|
Location of Rheindahlen in the West district of the city of Mönchengladbach
Rheindahlen ( Dahlen until 1878 and Dalen from the early Middle Ages to the early modern period around 1700 ) is a place in the largest urban district in terms of area in the west of the independent city of Mönchengladbach in North Rhine-Westphalia . Since the reorganization of the Mönchengladbach districts on October 22, 2009, Rheindahlen has been assigned to the West District. From the granting of Nideggen town charter in 1354 to the incorporation of the mayor's office Rheindahlen into the town of M.-Gladbach on June 30, 1921, the place was an independent town .
The original name Dahlen was in 1878 in the Prussian administrative district of Dusseldorf on adoption Kaiser Wilhelm I in Rheindahlen renamed. The renaming was primarily for postal reasons to avoid confusing Dahlen in the Rhine Province with the municipality of Dahlen in Saxony in the northern German postal district . The old names mean “dent” in terms of linguistic history, which expresses the location of the place in a recess.
Location and surroundings
Rheindahlen is located in the West district, the largest district in terms of area in Mönchengladbach. It is located in the southwest of the urban area and borders on the municipality of Schwalmtal in the west and the town of Wegberg in the Heinsberg district in the southwest . Neighboring communities in the urban area of Mönchengladbach are Hardt in the north, Rheydt in the east and Wickrath in the south. The center of Rheindahlen is around 7.5 kilometers southwest of Mönchengladbach city center.
Landscape and geology
The landscape around Rheindahlen is shaped by the western foothills of the Jülich-Zülpicher Börde . The place is on the southern edge of the Lower Rhine lowlands on the Schwalm - Nette plate, which is characterized by water and wooded areas in the western part of the urban area. In the south is the Niersquell area . The Rheindahlen landscape lies on the southern edge of the Mönchengladbach clay plain and rises to the south. The lowest point is 65 m above sea level. NN , the highest point 80 m above sea level. NN . The place itself is 70- 73 m above sea level. NN .
Geologically, the local area belongs to the Lower Rhine Bay on the western edge of which it is located. The top soil layer consists mainly of the agriculturally useful loess , which was deposited in up to 10 m thick layers on gravel and sand of the Rhine during the last glacial period . Underneath are gravel, sands, clays and layers of brown coal of the Tertiary . The lignite the Lower Rhine bay partially achieved great thickness and is mined in open pits great (in the area of Rheindalen in Garzweiler ); the Morken lignite seam , for example, is around 150 m thick. In permeable layers such as gravel and sand, groundwater is available in several layers on top of each other. The floors are separated by less permeable silt and clay layers.
The groundwater is pumped out through wells and sumps around the Garzweiler opencast mine. Pumping off the groundwater causes widespread mountain damage as a result of subsidence. In individual cases, the swamp even causes movements on the otherwise inactive or hardly active geological faults that subdivide the Lower Rhine Bight. The Rheindahlen Leap, running in an east-west direction, has been set in motion by the swamp measures. It runs from the direction of the JHQ Rheindahlen to the Rheydt district and causes damage to the mountains in the urban area of Mönchengladbach due to the lowering of the groundwater and the resulting sediment movements along the offset of the Rheydter and Günhoven partial blocks .
The climate of Rheindahlens is particularly influenced by the Atlantic Gulf Stream and the transition between oceanic and continental climates. Precipitation occurs at any time of the year and the wind predominates from the southwest. The annual rainfall is around 730 millimeters, with July being the wettest month and September being the driest month. The summers are usually warm and the winters are mild due to the maritime climate. In July the mean temperature is 20 ° C, in January 0.5 ° C. The duration of the cold period with a temperature minimum below 0 ° C is on average less than 60 days, the number of summer days with temperatures above 25 ° C is 30 days, with an additional eight tropical days with daytime temperatures of more than 30 ° C and night temperatures over 20 ° C and thunderstorms can be expected on a total of 20 days.
Monthly average temperatures and precipitation for Rheindahlen
Source: Data from the Rheindahlen weather station, 2009
The former district of Rheindahlen (since 2009 Mönchengladbach West ) consists of the nine districts of Wickrath-Mitte, Wickrath-West, Wickrathberg, Wanlo, Hehn , Holt , Headquarters , Rheindahlen-Land and Rheindahlen-Mitte.
While Rheindahlen-Mitte is limited to the city center and the surrounding streets and residential areas created after the Second World War, Rheindahlen-Land comprises 36 honors around the center of Rheindahlen. The honors are as follows:
Mönchengladbach, City District West
Overview map of Rheindahlen-Land
|Gene sleeves||Mennrath||Wolf sittard|
|Information on Mönchengladbach districts and districts|
In 1833 the following honors were counted towards the mayor's office in Dahlen:
- The hamlets : Bau, Baum, Bockert (not Bockert , district of Viersen ), Dorthausen, Eickelnberg, Genhausen, Genhodder, Griesbart, Grotherath, Günhoverhütte, Knoor, Kothausen, Mennratherheid, Saas, Schmidt, Schrievers, Viehstraß, Winkel
- The villages: Broich, Genhülsen, Gerkerath, Günhoven, Koch, Mennrath. Wolf sittard
- The honors: Aufm Feldchen, Gatzweiler, Genholland, Herdt, Hilderath, Merreter, Sittard, Sittardheid, Voosen, Woof, Wyenhütt
- The farms: Gennenhöfchen, Martinenhöfchen, Südderatherhof
- The mills: Gerkerathermühle (windmill), Knippertzmühle (watermill), Schriefersmühle (windmill), Vollmühle (watermill)
- The single houses: Peel, An der Stappen
The ZIP code Rhine Dahlen is the 41,179th Until the introduction of the five-digit ZIP codes was the name 4050 Mönchengladbach. 5
Prehistory and early history
Remains of settlements from the Old and New Stone Age between 220,000 and 120,000 BC were found in Rheindahlen, and fossils of Homo erectus ( Homo heidelbergensis ) and Neanderthals have been found. Rheindahlen is therefore an extremely rich site of fossil remains, which have been preserved in an exemplary manner in the soil, which consists mainly of clay. This site has been known nationwide in archaeological circles since 1908. In the recent past, archaeological excavations were carried out in the southern part of the city, near a disused brickworks, which contributed significantly to the determination of the hunting and settlement area of the Neanderthals. A hand ax found in 1994 was erected in the city center of Rheindahlen in 2003 as a bronze sculpture enlarged thirteen times; it reminds of the early history of the place.
There is evidence of a Roman settlement in the Hardter Forest north of the urban area from the 3rd century . These were discovered in 1954 during the construction of the NATO headquarters north of Rheindahlen. Evidence of Roman settlements was found at Genholland, Genhülsen, Griesbarth, Hilderath, Merreter and Peel, among others, including an 89 centimeter high matron stone from the 2nd century and probably remains of a street. During excavations in the town center of Rheindahlen in 2010, remains of cellar vaults and buildings were found, which could be dated to a period between the 10th and 13th centuries. There were also early medieval moths in Mennrath, Sittard and Schriefershof .
Rheindahlen's original name was "Dale". It probably originated in the 9th or 10th century when terrain was common for settlements . The name "Dale" is derived in this case from Dal , which means valley or hollow.
While the current name Rheindahlen was Dalen until at least 1500 and no later than 1700 , it changed to Dahlen at the beginning of the 18th century . Due to the large number of places with the names Dahl , Dalheim , Dalem and Dalhem , it became increasingly difficult for the postal traffic that emerged around 1870 to tell the individual places apart. Due to the location of Dahlen in the Rhine province, it was proposed to rename the city in Rheindahlen . This was approved by a decree of the Prussian King Wilhelm I of December 24, 1877. The decree was published in the Prussian Ministerial Gazette on February 15, 1878.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the municipal council of the city of Rheindahlen advised on incorporation into the city of Gladbach. The then Mayor of Gladbach, Hermann Piecq , planned the incorporation of Neuwerk, Munich-Gladbach-Land and Rheindahlen. It came about on July 18, 1921, so Rheindahlen lost its independence and was called M. Gladbach-Rheindahlen from then on. After the Second World War the name was Rheindahlen .
Dalen is mentioned for the first time in 861 as a village ( Latin villa ) in the Mühlgau ( Latin pago molense ) , which belonged to the diocese of Liège . Six years later there is a documentary mention as Dalon , a clearing settlement probably on Königsgut at the time of the Carolingians . Etymologically , Dalen is derived from Delle or small valley. In the archives of the Prüm Abbey there is a copy of a document according to which King Lothar II exchanged goods and lands with Otbert , a vassal of Count Matfried II from the Eifelgau on January 20, 867 . Among other things, the king gave him an official loan from Sigar in the Moselgau in the wanolon region :
in pago moslense in commarca wanolon benificium Sigari ...
Because of this translation error , Dalon was mistaken for today's Rheindahlen. Much more is meant by today's Spangdahlem near Prüm in the Eifel . Proof of this is provided by surviving writings from the Cologne monastery of Cunibert , which describe the tithe rights of the monastery in Wehlen on the Moselle. Further evidence that Dalon cannot refer to the later Dahlen is supported by the fact that no traces from the Carolingian or Merovingian times were found in today's Rheindahlen itself or in the surrounding villages .
The first reliable, documented mention can be found in 1188/89 in a list of goods acquired by the Archbishop of Cologne, Philipp von Heinsberg . That list includes around 100 purchases of goods in Dale . A mix-up with the Westphalian Dale Castle can be ruled out here, as the Cologne Cathedral Chapter had no possessions to show there. From 1305 on, the cathedral chapter owned 14 acres of land in neighboring Mennrath and the Archdiocese of Cologne owned a piece of land in the city until the 20th century . A document from 1240 shows that Hildegar von Dalen and his brother Symon witnessed a donation from the knight Otto von Wykerode. The villages of Grambusch and Venrath , which later belonged to the Dahlen office, were confirmed in a donation on May 30, 1197 by Adolf I , the Archbishop of Cologne . In the 12th century, a suburban settlement center developed around the first existing Romanesque church with the courtyard of the St. Maria im Kapitol in Cologne, founded by Plektrudis .
Awarded city rights
In 1352 knight Johann zu Rheydt sold the fourth part of the village of Dalen to the Jülich margrave Wilhelm for 1700 guilders . Dalen received Nideggen town charter in 1354 from Margrave Wilhelm after he brought the place under his rule and the robber barons of the neighboring castles Rheydt and Gripekoven, known as Mühlgauer Schnapphähne , were driven out by the Landfriedensbund founded on May 3, 1351. Emperor Charles IV gave the allies from Aachen , Cologne and Duke Johann III. of Brabant to carry the imperial flag against the robber barons on February 20, 1354. This alliance was intended to pacify the landscape between the Rhine and Maas . The siege of Gripekoven Castle lasted from May 5th to June 23rd 1354 and resulted in the destruction ( razing ) of the castle and the pacification of the region. By granting city rights in the form of an open charter by the margrave, the city of Dahlen received all the freedoms that Nideggen, for example, already had at the time, the residence of the Jülich rulers. These included the exemption of citizens from certain taxes, free jurisdiction, the right of the city to levy taxes on certain goods and to collect road tolls. When acquiring Dahlens, the gentlemen from Jülich were obviously aware of creating a base for war and raids. For this reason, the city was provided with ramparts and fortifications from the time it was granted city rights, and with three city gates (portzen) between 1452 and 1583 . On the southeast side was the Wickrath Gate, on the southwest side the Beecker Tor and on the northern side the Mühlentor. All three gates were three-story tower gates with crenellated wreaths over an arched frieze and corner waiting areas . The powder tower was located between the Beecker and Mühlentor; between the Wickrather and the Mühlentor lay the Moren and the Dicke towers. A fourth tower, which is not specifically named, was located west of the Wickrath Gate outside the city fortifications. The gates and the city wall were completely demolished and leveled between 1780 and 1792 with the exception of small remains in Sankt-Peter-Straße, so that Dahlen was then called the open city . As early as 1405, sources describe the city of Dahlen as a fortified city ( Latin firmata villa ), after a city fortification must have existed at least from 1381. The fortification system was built in a slightly oval shape around the unfortified round church and additionally provided with walls, ditches and ramparts on the city and field side (i.e. inside and outside the complex). For guarding, the citizenship was divided up with up to 22 squads, each of which had a foreman and a meeting point within the city walls. The rulership of the judiciary was held by the Lords of Wickrath, which passed to the Knights of Engelsdorf in the 14th century . In 1421 Dahlen came under Moersian pledge as a sub-office of the Brüggen office .
From 1533 at the latest there was a school at St. Helena, but the city could only develop modestly in the early modern period. The city fortifications had to be repaired several times at this time. In addition, there was also permanent urban housing development, but this too could not withstand a major fire disaster. On July 5, 1647, the city burned down completely except for one house. The reason given is the brooding of a chicken on an oven. Jacob Masen , from Dahlen, wrote to the brothers Martin and Peter Syben about this event. At the beginning of the Eighty Years' War , on April 23, 1568, the Battle of Dahlen took place on the Dahlener Heide between 500 Spanish troops under Sancho d'Avila and 2000 mercenaries, almost all French, Geusen under the command of Joost de Soete . After the defeat, the expelled Calvinists fled to Süchteln and Wanlo, among others . Dahlen itself was then initially besieged by the Spanish troops and later conquered.
From 1494 on, Dahlen remained part of the Duchy of Jülich until the French occupied the left Lower Rhine between 1794 and 1814 . The Jülich Fortress was handed over to the French on October 3, 1794, after the troops had already advanced into areas on the left bank of the Rhine after the Battle of Fleurus . The place was during the French period as Mairie Dahlen during the French occupation, which began on October 8, 1794, in the canton of Odenkirchen, Arrondissement de Crévelt , Département de la Roer (administrative seat Aachen ). Johannes Jakobus Bouget was sub-prefect of the arrondissement . The peace of Campo Formio on November 4, 1797 brought territorial changes; so Venrath and Grambusch were awarded to the mayor's office of Keyenberg (Schwanenberg). On January 28, 1798, Odenkirchen became a French canton town according to new administrative regulations. As part of the Cisrhenan Republic, Dahlen belonged to this canton along with Rheydt, Giesenkirchen, Schelsen and Horst.
After the dissolution of the Roerdepartment in 1814, Dahlen, like the entire Duchy of Jülich, was assigned to the administrative district of Düsseldorf by the Prussian division. From April 24, 1816, Dahlen belonged to the Gladbach district as mayor's office. The area of the mayor's office was 13,365 acres and bordered the administrative district of Aachen to the west . The places Venrath and Grambusch were separated from the community.
On September 24, 1856, Dahlen was awarded the Rhenish Town Code. A mayor could now be elected by the city council. After the Rheindahlen Council had been discussing plans for a merger with the neighboring city of Mönchengladbach since 1919, after a council meeting on April 18, 1921, the self-government of Rheindahlen was ended and the city was incorporated. On June 30, 1921, the Prussian Landtag in Berlin approved a law whereby the municipality of Rheindahlen, the rural communities of Gladbach and Neuwerk were separated from the district of Gladbach and united with the urban district of Munich-Gladbach. The last council of the city of Rheindahlen comprised a mayor and 24 city councilors.
20th century to the present
An attack on the city on February 25, 1945 by an American bomber association killed 124 residents. The church building of St. Helena was badly hit on the choir, high altar and tower. On February 27, 1945, Rheindahlen was captured by American soldiers of the 406th Regiment of the 102nd Infantry Division of the 9th US Army in the course of Operation Grenade . The day before, residents of Rheindahlen were drafted into the Volkssturm .
A first town hall was built in 1609. A new building from the 18th century was demolished in 1901. This building was destroyed in World War II. Today Rheindahlen has its own district administration office in a building on the corner of Max-Reger-Strasse and Plektrudisstrasse. From 1957 to 1971, the branch of the Mönchengladbach City Library was housed here until the Pedagogical Center was built on Geusenstrasse. The building of the district administration office is one of the meeting places of the district representation west. In the district council, matters affecting the district are discussed before they are presented to the relevant technical committees or the city council . Citizens' consultation hours are also offered in the building and residents have the opportunity to receive all Mönchengladbach application forms.
Catholic parish of St. Helena
According to legend, in 714 Plectrudis , the wife of the Merovingian housekeeper Pippin , gave the first Dahlen church to the St. Maria im Kapitol in Cologne, which she founded . A monastery of St. Catherine is mentioned for the first time in 1433 with sisters of the third Franciscan order . Around Dahlen, the monastery of St. Maria im Kapitol owned several hundred acres of land, so 1642 owned 649 acres and an additional 200 acres in Venrath, which is part of the Keyenberg Crown Estate. An inscription in the monastery of St. Maria in the Capitol shows that Dahlen and the Honschaft Merreter belonged to the endowment of the plectrudis. The Kaiserswerth monastery in Dahlen (more precisely in Borschemich and Genhülsen) must also have owned properties in the 11th century . Thus the land around the parish of Dahlen was owned by two monasteries.
Today's population in Rheindahlen is predominantly Catholic. As early as 1844, 4,456 followers of the Catholic, 4 of the Evangelical Confession and 41 Jews are mentioned as residents of the city. The parish church as well as the parish bears the name of St. Helena . It is not sufficiently clear why the church is dedicated to St. Helena. There may be a connection to the Helenakult in Trier , since Sandrad, the founding abbot of Gladbach Abbey, was a monk of the Benedictine monastery of St. Maximin .
There are chapel communities in the surrounding areas . These were initially set up as prayer houses . The oldest chapel is St. Sebastian in Broich , built in 1759 . The chapel communities Mennrath, Sittard and Gerkerath also belong to the community. Nowadays the parish of St. Helena is one of the oldest parishes in the diocese of Aachen with more than 7500 parishioners within Rheindahlen and the neighboring communities.
Evangelical Martin Luther Church Congregation
After Calvinists had already settled in Dahlen around 1566 and were expelled after the Battle of Dahlen in 1568, the first Lutheran congregation was founded on October 24, 1574. The villages of Grambusch and Schwanenberg already had their own preacher in 1572 and at that time belonged to the parish of Dahlens. It is likely that from 1574 onwards there was a separate Reformed congregation, which was looked after by preachers from Gladbach. In 1622, the first small Protestant prayer house (a chapel at the mill gate) was destroyed by Spanish soldiers, who were under the command of Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba and who were later defeated in the Battle of Fleurus , and Protestant worship was so hindered that in 1623 only another evangelical sermon was held in Dahlen. As a result, the community died out in the second half of the 17th century. In the 18th and 19th centuries there were still a few Protestant families living in Dahlen. At the beginning of the 19th century, Protestant life in Dahlen must have completely died out, so that Dahlen was a purely Catholic city. In the 1870s, due to industrialization , Reformed people again moved to Dahlen, who stayed with the Evangelical Community of Wickrathberg until 1908, but were then re-parish to the Protestant community of Rheydt, to which they belonged until December 31, 1969. On January 1, 1970, the Evangelical Church Community Mönchengladbach - Rheindahlen became independent. The parish there owns the Martin Luther Church .
The Jewish community in Rheindahlen was a subsidiary of the Jewish community in Rheydt. After the cities of Munich-Gladbach and Rheindahlen were merged in 1921, the Rheindahlen community remained independent. Until 1922, the Jewish community members had their own prayer room on the former Mühlenstrasse (today Am Mühlentor).
The first signs of a Jewish population in Dahlen date back to 1626. The Bruges Office called for a tribute to Jews on a waiter's bill . The Jewish community was wiped out during the Nazi era through emigration and deportation of its members . The stumbling blocks of the artist Gunter Demnig in front of the respective houses remind of the 17 Jewish residents from the ten families in Rheindahlen . The families were deported to the Minsk ghettos on November 14, 1941, Izbica on April 22, 1942, and to the concentration camp in Theresienstadt on July 25, 1942.
Development of the population
A list of names from 1405 names the villages of Dorthausen , Kathausen , Eikelenbergh , Voesen and gen Hülsen . In 1468 the localities Menraedt , Sittard , Stocker Honschaft (Eikelenberg), the Pel , the Broch , Bochholz , Wolfsittard , Gerckrad , Vosen , Hülsen and Günhoven are listed as part of the parish of Dahlen. The total number of inhabitants was 240. In 1549, Doerthausen , Grotenrath , Hilderath , towards Hausen and the Garzweiler Hof follow in addition to the towns already mentioned . The number of inhabitants is given as 254.
coat of arms
|Blazon : “On green, silver, black grooved brick church on a narrow base in side view, decentered heraldic left ; with black door, similar windows, red roofs and four-pass windows on the church wall; on the right on the tower there is a golden triangular shield with an upright, red-tongued, black Jülich lion . "|
|Justification of the coat of arms: The coat of arms of the town of Rheindahlen, which is incorporated into Mönchengladbach, shows the Dahlen church as it was built before 1483 and is based on a lay judge's seal from the year 1339 of the town of Dahlen before it was granted city rights. It is not known who initiated the adoption of this seal image as a coat of arms, nor how long has it been used. On December 22nd, 1817, the cities of the Rhine Province were allowed to reassume the old city arms. At that time, the city of Rheindahlen was already wearing this coat of arms. There are no certificates of award or confirmation. The seal has the inscription: "Seal of the lay judges of Dalen" ( Latin "[SIGI] LLUM [SCA] BINORUM DE DAL [EN]" ). In front of the church tower hangs the triangular coat of arms of the margraves and dukes of Jülich with their heraldic animal , the lion . This shows the connection between Dahlen and the Jülich glory, who were the sovereigns at that time and who granted the town its city rights on July 27, 1354. A mill wheel can be seen at the foot of the church building , which indicates the many mills and the quarry landscape that must have existed at that time. Duke Wilhelm von Jülich transferred the existing and future mills in Dahlen to Emond von Engelsdorf in 1373. For example, in 1233 there was a mill belonging to the Cologne Cathedral Monastery and in 1330 the mill of the Cologne Monastery of St. Maria in the Capitol, for example the Mortensmoele (today: Priorshof), a windmill in Gerkerath (1452), a mill near Gripekoven Castle, the full mill from 1468, the Knippertzhöfchen, first mentioned in 1509 (since 1553) Knippertzmühle am Knippertzbach in the district Broich, as well as the Wickrath fiefdom Holtmühle, Buschmühle and Balkenmühle from 1715. The exact location of the two mills of the Cologne monasteries is no longer known. The coat of arms was officially used until the city of Rheindahlen was incorporated in 1921.|
Culture and sights
Catholic parish church of St. Helena
The Catholic parish church of St. Helena is a three-aisled staggered church in the late Gothic style , which was expanded with a representative new building between 1910 and 1915.
Of the former 26 watermills and 13 windmills in today's Mönchengladbach urban area, there are still buildings or parts of buildings of seven watermills on the Niers, on the former Gladbach and on the Mühlenbach (Wildenrather Mühle bei Wanlo , Wickrathberg Oil Mill , Wickrath Castle , Rheydt Castle , Nonnenmühle Grain Mill in Uedding , Compesmühle, Vollmühle), as well as four windmills (Giesenkirchener, Gerkerather, Loh- and Schriefersmühle). Two of these windmills and the full mill at Mühlenbach near Gatzweiler are in the Rheindahlen area.
The Gerkerather Mühle ( coll. Liffers Mühle ) is located on the path of the same name in the north of the Rhine Dahlia and is now surrounded by buildings erected in the 1960s. The mill is mentioned as early as 1452 as a box mill in spiritual possession and has existed in its current form since 1733 as a tower windmill . It was built on an embankment and is a slightly conical, round mill tower built from field fire stones. In 1804 it was sold as a secularized property. The miller Franz Liffers bought the mill and moved in with his family on October 1, 1885. It was powered by wind power until 1920, with the help of a motor until 1960. The rest of the building that has been preserved has been a listed building since July 5, 2007.
The Schriefersmühle from 1747, southeast of Rheindahlen on the B 57, is a Dutch tower windmill, which was built entirely from field fire stone. It has been a listed building since October 14, 1986. The name is derived from the neighboring Schrievers farm. The mill is already listed in the tranchot map of 1806/07; however as the “New Mill”, probably because it is younger than the Gerkerath Mill. This mill was probably used until after the First World War . The mill has been owned by the Pillen family since 1926, and they have been running a gas station in front of the mill since then; initially Standard , later Esso . Until 1945 the mill wore the original hood, but without rods.
In 1945, after an arson attack, a devastating fire broke out in which the hood was destroyed so that only the stump remained. The rotatable roof (without codend for wing tracking ) with the wings and the projectiles with the grinder are missing. The oak wood interior partially withstood the fire. The artist Will Sommer from Günhoven carved the crib figures from the remains of the church of St. Helena, which was badly damaged in the Second World War . The mill is 13.2 m high in its current state and completely gutted from the inside. The wall thickness is 1.60 m at the base and around 0.8 m under the provisional roof. To maintain the mill, a support association was founded in August 2011. On June 17, 2012, the friends' association invited to an information event. On this, the progress of the renovation of the outer masonry was discussed, which cost around 30,000 euros. Further steps such as the demolition of the Mühlenberg and the demolition of a neighboring garage will cost around 15,000 euros. Final renovation work such as replacing the roof will cost around 100,000 euros and are in the planning stage.
Water tower and museum
At the turn of the century it was assumed that the waterworks in the districts of Dahl (Mönchengladbach) and Helenabrunn (Viersen) would be sufficient for the city's water supply. However, due to the rapid growth of the city, action had to be taken shortly thereafter. In 1909 a water tower southwest of Rheindahlen was put into operation. The 42 m high and 8 m wide water tower with a 150 cubic meter water reservoir on the southern edge of the village was put into operation on February 25, 1914, after a waterworks had already been built in May 1913 and started to supply drinking water with a shallow and to promote a deep well.
A total of 16 wells supply the drinking water for the waterworks. The waterworks was built on the highest point between Rheindahlen and Hilderath Honschaft. In the years 1921, 1927, 1936 and 1942 the waterworks had to be expanded to its present size, as house connections were created in the surrounding villages. In 1955, the water tower was shut down because of its unfavorable location in the elevation profile, as the water supplies of Rheindahlen and Mönchengladbach were merged. However, water is still being pumped. The brick tower has been a listed building since October 14, 1986. The water tower was finally shut down in 1996. Between 1998 and 2000, the copper tower hood and the masonry were renovated due to weather-related damage. Due to safety reasons, the 110 steps up to the top of the tower must not be used.
The waterworks is operated by NiederrheinWasser GmbH, a subsidiary of NEW AG and Niederrheinwerke Viersen . The tasks of the GmbH are the water production and treatment in the supply areas of the cities Mönchengladbach, Viersen, Korschenbroich and Schwalmtal. There is a hydrological station on the site of the waterworks that measures the soil water balance at the loess site. The connected weather station records climate data, which, in addition to the measurements from the lysimeter station , enables findings about the formation of new groundwater in Mönchengladbach. In an information room, a large model of the Rheindahlen region is used to show the effects of the lignite opencast mining in the south on the groundwater.
Rheindahlen is known in prehistoric research as an important site of Paleolithic settlement remains, as remains of settlements from the Paleolithic and Neolithic were found during excavations from 1915 onwards. Due to the persistent advice from the farmer and local researcher Anton "Toni" Mennen, fossils of Neanderthals and Homo erectus could be detected, which have been preserved in the clay soil . Thanks to Mennen's efforts, an archaeological museum with the permanent exhibition 400,000 years ago was finally set up in Rheindahlen on the ground floor of the water tower . Artifacts from the Paleolithic settlement period on the Lower Rhine 400,000 years ago and prehistoric finds from the Rhineland from the Pleistocene and early Holocene are exhibited . From 1991 onwards, these were found in various excavations supported by the Rhineland Regional Council and the State of North Rhine-Westphalia on the site of the immediately neighboring Dreesen brickworks. The excavations helped determine the hunting and settlement area of the Neanderthals. On the occasion of the 150th anniversary of the discovery of the Neanderthal man, the Ministry of Building and Transport set up a display board in 2008 that draws attention to the 80,000 square meter excavation area. Between 1973 and 1981 the archaeologist Hartmut Thieme carried out prospecting and excavations in the brickworks mine of Rheindahlen, which looked at ancient and middle Paleolithic find horizons. His dissertation “The paleolithic site of the Rheindahlen”, published in 1983, was on this topic.
The Rheindahlen observatory is located on the premises of the Rheindahlen waterworks on Mennrather Straße. The observatory, a round tower with a white dome , was moved from its old location at Mönchengladbach Airport to Rheindahlen in 1999 and is managed by the Mönchengladbach Astronomical Working Group. V. supervised. The observatory has a diameter of about 4 meters; It contains two telescopes with a free opening of 200 mm each and focal lengths of 2000 and 4000 millimeters, respectively.
Sports clubs in Rheindahlen include the Rheindahlen tennis club from 1914 and the Rheindahlen gymnastics club, which was founded on July 1, 1883. In addition to the sports hall at the Pedagogical Center on Geusenstrasse, the club also uses a gymnasium on Max-Reger-Strasse built in 1969, which is also available for school sports at the primary schools in Rheindahlen. The indoor pool , opened in 1974, is used by the club's swimming department. Athletics is offered on the district sports facility on Mennrather Strasse, which was completed in 1971. The national youth games of the Rheindahlen primary schools also take place here. The club also offers gymnastics , aerobics , badminton , volleyball , taekwondo and Nordic walking . The association also has a group of children and young people.
The football club SC Rheindahlen was founded in 1919 and plays with its two men's teams in the regional league and in the regional league B. There is also a Bambini team and a children's and youth area from F to A youth. In the Honschaft Broich the association is black and white Broich Peel resident in Mennrath Viktoria Mennrath .
In addition to the sports clubs, there are partisan, non-profit and socially minded clubs in Rheindahlen. These include political parties , choirs, the carnival association KG Potz Op from 1873, several rifle clubs , drum corps and rifle brotherhoods as well as an ironing club and the astronomical working group mentioned.
The Catholic Young Community (KjG) St. Helena Rheindahlen, which has existed since 1970 and is one of the first parish groups of the nationwide association, offers offers for children and young people. The KjG has made it its main task to organize holiday camps, excursions and educational measures for children and young people in different age groups. In 2016, the Friends of the Catholic Young Congregation in the parish of St. Helena Rheindahlen eV was founded.
In 1997 the association “Zukunft Rheindahlen” was founded. This has set itself the goal of cultivating and promoting the idea of home. The festival week for the 650th award of city rights from September 11th to 19th, 2004 was conceptualized and planned by the association.
The Rheindahlen volunteer fire brigade, founded in 1878, is one of 20 volunteer fire brigades in the city of Mönchengladbach. It has (as of December 2010) a team of 25 comrades and consists of a fire fighting vehicle with two fire fighting group vehicles (LF 24 and LF 16TS) and a Unimog as a light equipment car (GW Licht). A youth fire brigade has existed since October 17, 1989 to train future forces .
Economy and Infrastructure
In the Middle Ages, Dahlen was predominantly agricultural and had little economic power. Thus, agriculture , animal husbandry and forestry as well as weaving and tannery priority branches of industry and to the 19th century, the main sources of income of the population. In addition, colonial goods and alcohol are traded.
In 1539 flax cultivation is mentioned first. In 1863, 231 of the 9735 agricultural and forestry operations were located in Dahlen and the surrounding area. In addition to agriculture, the mining of clay and the production of bricks in the two brickworks Dahmen and Dreesen (on what is now the area of the district sports facility and the waterworks) represented an economic mainstay. Until the end of the 19th century, the economic importance of the location was more significant to be assessed as low. Dahlen is a hub for the exchange of goods between the residents of the surrounding rural region. At the end of the 16th century, a weekly market is set up, where mainly grain, flax, beer, cloth and leather are traded. Another boom took place in the 17th century, after an increase in craft businesses also resulted in an increase in the population. In 1724 411 people worked in ten trades. From 1952 on, trade and industry benefited from the establishment of the NATO Headquarters (JHQ).
The Mönchengladbach-Rheindahlen waste treatment plant, a petrochemical company, commercial agencies and service providers are located in the Rheindahlen industrial park to the west of the city . In 1989, the textile machine company at that time, Schlafhorst, built a large hall in the industrial park. This is now (as of July 2019) used by another company after it lay idle for several years after the decline of the textile industry in Mönchengladbach. On August 5, 2019, Amazon opened its new logistics center on the specially designed Hamburgring west of the town. The center is connected via the roundabout on Erkelenzer Straße / Stadtwaldstraße.
The economic development of the Rheindahlen district is currently carried out by the Future Rheindahlen Association. The annual cap market in spring and the Nikolaus market on the first weekend in December with stalls and small entertainers are well known. The weekly market takes place every Friday on the church forecourt.
Rheindahlen has two train stations ( Mönchengladbach-Rheindahlen and Mönchengladbach-Genhausen ) on the railway line from Rheydt Hauptbahnhof via Dalheim , Roermond and Neerpelt to the port of Antwerp , which is also known as the Iron Rhine . The route at the German-Dutch border is currently interrupted and therefore no through traffic is possible. A regional train connects Rheindahlen with Dalheim, Wegberg, Rheydt and Mönchengladbach.
In the immediate vicinity of the stop there are options for changing to the express bus and city bus services . As a district of Mönchengladbach, Rheindahlen is part of the tariff area of the Verkehrsverbund Rhein-Ruhr and is served by NEW mobil and aktiv Mönchengladbach as a transport company in the city of Mönchengladbach with the bus lines on the right. The bus station on Hilderather Straße is an important junction.
|Public transport in Rheindahlen|
|004||Rheindahlen (Hamburgring - / Friedhof -) Hilderather Straße - Giesenkirchen Schelsen Church|
|007||Rheindahlen Hamburgring - Neuwerk administrative office (- Viersen Heimer )|
|017||Wegberg bus station - Lürrip Am Brückensteg|
|025||Rheindahlen Hilderather Strasse - Neuwerk Airport|
|Rheindahlen Geusenstrasse - Hehn Rönneterweg|
|026||Hardt Karrenweg - Odenkirchen Post|
|027||Rheindahlen Geusenstraße - Rheindahlen Hilderather Straße
via Mennrath, Genholland, Genhausen, Broich
|SB81||Mönchengladbach main station - Erkelenz station|
|NE4||Rheindahlen → Mönchengladbach via Rheydt|
|NE5||Rheindahlen → Mönchengladbach via Holt|
|RB 34||Mönchengladbach - Dalheim|
Close to the train station there are bus connections to Mönchengladbach , Rheydt , Hardt , Wickrath , Odenkirchen and Wegberg as well as an hourly express bus to Mönchengladbach, Rheydt and Erkelenz . In 1905 a tram connection was introduced in the direction of Rheydt, and in 1906 in the direction of Mönchengladbach. The depot and the terminus were on Gladbacher Strasse at the intersection with Vogtsgarten. Rail traffic was maintained until the late 1960s. Rheindahlen was also served by the Rheydt trolleybus .
As early as Roman times in the 1st to 5th centuries, when the area belonged to the province of Lower Germania , a road in the south led past today's building boundary (Stadtwaldstraße). The federal highway 57 Krefeld - Aachen leads through Rheindahlen, which follows the course of a street already mentioned in the High Middle Ages . At the end of the 18th century it was redesigned and realized as a road from Aachen via Erkelenz , Mönchengladbach to Krefeld. In 1833 it was mentioned as a district road in the Rhine province, as well as two municipal roads to Dülken and Neuss. In the years 1843–1845 the road from Rheindahlen to Rheydt (today: Stadtwaldstraße), which already connected the cities of Maastricht and Xanten in Roman times , was connected to the road just mentioned on the southern edge of the city and expanded. In the years 1863–1864 the road leading north from Odenkirchen via Rheindahlen to Hardt and Dülken (today Hardter Straße) was expanded. Since September 19, 1995, the B 57 has been running as a 3.7 km long north-western bypass as the B 57n around Rheindahlen. The total construction costs amounted to 24.9 million DM . The first ideas to build a bypass around Rheindahlen were already expressed in the 1950s. The city of Mönchengladbach began planning an Aachen-Ruhr-Strasse to relieve the Rheindahlen through-traffic. In 1976 the LVR took over this planning and in 1978 presented a preliminary draft. The traffic load on the B 57 leading through the town center had already risen to 10,000 cars in 24 hours by this time . Long backlogs often formed due to around 40 trains that crossed Gladbacher Straße every day. After the planning approval procedure began in 1986, the completion of the bypass was delayed several times due to an incorrect tender and the replacement of already installed, polluted filling material. There is a connection to the A 61 ( Venlo - Hockenheim ) in the Mönchengladbach- Holt and -Rheydt districts. In 1999 the intersection of Hardter Strasse and Gladbacher Strasse, where the Bundeswehr Motor Vehicle Center (ZKfWBw), formerly the Central Military Motor Vehicle Office (ZMK) is located, was converted into a roundabout . The large stone sculpture Stone Age gate by the artist Peter Rübsam was installed in the middle . With the shapes of two human bodies, it is reminiscent of the prehistoric finds around Rheindahlen.
The North Park between Holt and Rheindahlen also belongs to Rheindahlen . This is an area formerly used by the British Armed Forces , which is being redesigned and built by the development company Mönchengladbach under the model of sport and culture. After the war, the 17th Vehicle Depot was located on the site northeast of Genhülsen . Vehicles of all kinds, tanks and hospital trains could be transported via a separate siding that led to the Rheindahlen train station. Since 2004, originated there next areas for commercial enterprises including the 54,010-seat Borussia Park and the Hockey Park . Borussia Mönchengladbach plays its home games in Borussia-Park . The 2006 men's field hockey world championship took place in the HockeyPark .
Around four kilometers north of Rheindahlen is the NATO headquarters JHQ Rheindahlen (JHQ for Joint Headquarters) as a separate district (Rheindalen II) . In JHQ the NATO command was until 1994 Allied Rapid Reaction Corps (ARRC) housed. This unit is a multinational logistics association. The framework nation is Great Britain. This association emerged from the British Army of the Rhine ( BAOR ). Rheindahlen has been the international headquarters of the Navy, Army and Air Force Institutes ( NAAFI ), which serves members of the British armed forces , since 1955 . The withdrawal of the British armed forces was celebrated from July 11 to 14, 2013 in the JHQ and in Mönchengladbach city center, but not as hoped with a member of the British royal family. On December 13, 2013, the JHQ Rheindahlen was cordoned off and officially handed over to the Federal Republic of Germany.
The local sections of the Rheinische Post and the Westdeutsche Zeitung report on Rheindahlen . There are also local advertising papers such as Extra Tipp on Sunday and StadtSpiegel on Wednesday. Once a month since 1987 with the “Stadt- und Landbote” , later renamed “SL-Zeitung für Rheindahlen” for legal reasons , then “SL-Rheindahlen” , a district newspaper that covers local topics and events, some with articles in Low German treated.
The transmitter City Vision , the city television for Mönchengladbach and the surrounding region, for customers of the provider Unity Media in the analog cable TV and DVB-C received too. Just like the radio station Radio 90.1, the local radio for the city of Mönchengladbach, which can also be received terrestrially or via live stream on the Internet . In addition, WDR television reports on Mönchengladbach and Rheindahlen with the local time from Düsseldorf .
A first school in Dahlen is mentioned in the 16th century. Dahlen school regulations have existed since 1595, during which time the school had a Latin and a German section. In 1796 there were five schools, two in the city and three in the country. In 1827 there were two elementary schools in the city .
In addition to the two kindergartens in the parish of St. Helena, Rheindahlen now has three other municipal kindergartens and day-care centers on Südwall, Saasfelder Weg and Rochusstraße in the Broich district. In addition, the rainbow house daycare center on Gladbacher Strasse, which was based on a parents' initiative .
In 1968 a new primary school building was opened on Geusenstrasse. The Catholic elementary school Rheindahlen was the predecessor of the two schools housed in this building. These are the Catholic Will Summer School and the former Protestant primary school Rheindahlen, which has been converted into a community primary school. The rector of the Catholic primary school took over the property management from 1968. After the school closings in Gerkerath and Sittard, the Catholic primary school took over the existing teaching and learning materials from these institutions. The Catholic primary school in Rheindahlen was named “Will-Sommer-Schule” in 1986 under the headmaster Kempers in memory of the sculptor and educator Will Sommer from Günhoven.
The secondary school complex, which was completed in 1971 and consists of the Rheindahlen grammar school and the Rheindahlen Catholic secondary school, is also located on Geusenstraße. In addition, the school and district library Rheindahlen of the Mönchengladbach city library is located in the school center with an adjoining sports hall and an indoor swimming pool, which is used, among other things, for school sports and TV Rheindahlen. In addition, the Will-Sommer elementary school in Broich and the Catholic elementary schools in Hehn and Günhoven are part of the educational program in Rheindahlen.
The Rheinische Förderschule Mönchengladbach of the Rhineland Regional Association is located in the building of the former Adolf Hitler School on Max-Reger-Straße, built in 1935 .
Another school building, that of the former village school in the Rheindahlen district of Gerkerath, was used as a school building for the elementary school and kindergarten until 2007. It was built in 1928/29. It is planned to register the building in the list of architectural monuments.
This section lists people born in (Rhein-) Dahlen. They are people who are important to the place; in other words, people who either worked there, whose person is closely associated with the place or whose name is known nationwide.
- Peter Syben (* 1596 in Dahlen; † October 14, 1659), Benedictine monk, pastor of Dülken , 35th abbot of Gladbach
- Martin Syben (born October 21, 1604 in Dahlen; † October 15, 1668 in Cologne), Jesuit, teacher in Trier
- Jacob Masen (born March 23, 1606 in Dahlen, † September 27, 1681 in Cologne), Jesuit poet, theologian and historian
- Max Meckel (born November 28, 1847 in Dahlen; † December 24, 1910 in Freiburg im Breisgau ), architect
- Anton "Toni" Mennen (* 1927 in Mennrath; † 2007), farmer, local researcher, author of two books about Gripekoven Castle (see literature), volunteer for the preservation of monuments, his attention and persistent advice led to the archaeological excavation in the sein The Dreesen brickworks bordering the land, an important Stone Age warehouse and workshop - and finally the creation of the archaeological museum on the ground floor of the water tower
- Heinrich Neusen (born April 9, 1876 in Dahlen; † 16 May 1958 Anrath ), from 1 June 1908 to the June 30, 1943 Mayor of Anrath, given the freedom of Anraths on April 9, 1956 simultaneous award of the Order of Merit by Federal President Theodor Heuss .
- Paul-Peter Schagen (born December 26, 1877 in Rheindahlen; † December 20, 1944), priest in Raeren, Linn, Aachen - fire and chaplain in St. Peter in Cologne
- Will Sommer (born March 19, 1906 in Günhoven, † March 17, 1974 in Rheindahlen), sculptor
- Fritz Frame (born June 13, 1905 in Rheindahlen; † August 25, 1977), politician (CDU), Lord Mayor of Rheydt
- Wilhelm Josef Gerhards (born January 21, 1943 in Rheindahlen), writer and journalist
- Hans-Georg Maaßen (born November 24, 1962 in Rheindahlen), lawyer, President of the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution from 2012 to 2018 .
Retired mayor of the city of
Due to his services to the city of Rheindahlen, the long-time mayor Johann Franz Nicodem has been made the city's only honorary citizen to date.
- Johann Franz Nicodem (* March 6, 1820 in Goch ; † March 6, 1904 in Mönchengladbach (formerly Gladbach-Land )), was a knight of the Teutonic Order and initially mayor of Kaiserswerth, and from 1857 until his retirement on April 1, 1900, mayor of the then an independent town of Dahlen (from 1878 Rheindahlen). His merits include the founding of several associations, including an agricultural association, and the establishment of the Sparkasse branch in Dahlen in 1858 . The exact date of the granting of honorary citizenship is not known, it is likely that it was given before 1900. The tomb of the Nicodem family, from which the mayor of Obergeburth (1896–1907) and Alt-Gladbach (1907–1916), Eugen Nicodem, also emerged, stands at the old cemetery on Hardter Strasse. The cemetery was renamed Franz-Nicodem-Park in 2011 following a suggestion by the Rheindahlen Citizens' Association .
- Peter Norrenberg: History of the parishes of the Dean M. Gladbach . Ed .: Karl Theodor Dumond. JP Bachem, 1889.
- Hans Nolden, Bernhard Dünte, Eduard Richartz, Peter Neumann, Franz Wiebringhaus: Our home. An old-time book . A local history of the M. Gladbach = Rheydter industrial district and its immediate surroundings. Ed .: Heimat- und Geschichtsverein Mönchengladbach e. V. 3rd edition. Commission publisher Fritz Kerlé, Mönchengladbach 1926.
- Robert Jeuckens: History of the city and parish Rheindahlen . Ed .: Episcopal Diocesan Archive Aachen. tape 20 . Aachen 1954.
- Wolfgang Löhr: Rhenish city atlas . Rheindahlen. Ed .: Georg Droege, Klaus Fehn, Klaus Fink - Institute for historical regional studies of the Rhineland at the University of Bonn, Seminar for Historical Geography at the University of Bonn, Rhineland Regional Association, Office for Rhenish Regional Studies. Rheinland-Verlag, Cologne 1976, ISBN 3-7927-0305-X .
- Heinrich Gröteken: History of the city and the office of Dahlen. Hoster, M.-Gladbach 1870 digitized
- Wolfgang Löhr: Rheindahlen . An illustrated book. Ed .: City Archives Mönchengladbach. B. Kühlen, Mönchengladbach 1971, ISBN 3-87448-070-4 .
- Julius Koenzgen: Festschrift for the 600th anniversary of the city of Rheindahlen . City Archives Mönchengladbach (Sta MG-Hb WWe Koe Nr. 39), Mönchengladbach 1954.
- Günter Erckens with the assistance of Kurt Shimon Wallach: Jews in Mönchengladbach. Jewish life in the former communities of Mönchengladbach, Rheydt, Odenkirchen, Giesenkirchen-Schelsen, Rheindahlen, Wickrath and Wanlo . Contributions to the history of the city of Mönchengladbach. Ed .: City Archives of the City of Mönchengladbach. 25 and 26 (1988/1989). Mönchengladbach.
- Toni Mennen, Michael Walter: The medieval Gripekoven castle and the Dalen rule . The failed attempt to establish rule on the Lower Rhine, part 1: The Wickrath-Hochstaden-Are and the parish of Dalen. Ed .: Bürgererverein Rheindahlen e. V./Heimatverein Beeck e. V. Band 1 . Rheindahlen 1990.
- Toni Mennen: The medieval Gripekoven castle and the Dalen manor . The failed attempt to establish rule on the Lower Rhine, part 2: Gerhard von Engelsdorf's castle and its history. Ed .: Volksbank Rheindahlen e. V. Band 2 . Rheindahlen 1995.
- Michael Walter: Traces of time . Ed .: Future Rheindahlen e. V. self-published, Mönchengladbach 1994.
- Michael Walter: points of view . History of Rheindahlen. Ed .: Future Rheindahlen e. V. self-published, Mönchengladbach 2004.
- Manfred Drehsen, Karl Purrio, Stefan Purrio: RheinDahlen - history in pictures . Ed .: Friends of the Catholic Church Community St. Helena Rheindahlen e. V. Mönchengladbach 2008 ( geschichtsfreunde-rheindahlen.de [PDF; 6.3 MB ; accessed on October 4, 2012]).
- Manfred Drehsen, Karl Purrio, Stefan Purrio, Alfred Schneider: RheinDahlen - History in Pictures Volume II . Ed .: Friends of the Catholic Church Community St. Helena Rheindahlen e. V. Mönchengladbach 2010.
- Wolfgang Löhr with the support of the Sparkasse Foundation for Art and Science, the Reiners Foundation GmbH and the Josef and Hilde Wilberz Foundation (ed.): Loca Desiderata, Mönchengladbacher Stadtgeschichte . tape 1 . Rhineland publishing and operating company of the Rhineland Regional Association, Brauweiler Abbey, Pulheim 1994, ISBN 3-7927-1375-6 .
- Wolfgang Löhr with the support of the Sparkasse Foundation for Art and Science, the Reiners Foundation GmbH and the Josef and Hilde Wilberz Foundation (ed.): Loca Desiderata, Mönchengladbacher Stadtgeschichte . tape 2 . Rhineland publishing and operating company of the Rhineland Regional Association, Brauweiler Abbey, Pulheim 1999, ISBN 3-7927-1801-4 .
- Wolfgang Löhr with the support of the Sparkasse Foundation for Art and Science, the Reiners Foundation GmbH and the Josef and Hilde Wilberz Foundation (ed.): Loca Desiderata, Mönchengladbacher Stadtgeschichte . tape 3.1 . Rhineland publishing and operating company of the Rhineland Regional Association, Brauweiler Abbey, Pulheim 2003, ISBN 3-7927-1883-9 .
- Wolfgang Löhr with the support of the Sparkasse Foundation for Art and Science, the Reiners Foundation GmbH and the Josef and Hilde Wilberz Foundation (ed.): Loca Desiderata, Mönchengladbacher Stadtgeschichte . tape 3.2 . Rhineland publishing and operating company of the Rhineland Regional Association, Brauweiler Abbey, Pulheim 2003, ISBN 3-87448-265-0 .
- Manfred Drehsen, Karl-Heinz Jansen: Here we live - Rheindahlen . Clubs, communities and stories. Ed .: Stadt- und Landbote, Rheindahlener Zeitung. Self-published, Mönchengladbach 1992.
- Wilhelm Josef Gerhards : What the Niers whispered to us . Stories and anecdotes from old Mönchengladbach, Rheydt, Wickrath and Rheindahlen. Wartberg Verlag & Co. KG, Gudensberg-Gleichen 2008, ISBN 978-3-8313-1927-5 .
- Edgar Rütten, Andrea Scholz: Jews in Mönchengladbach-Rheindahlen . Mönchengladbach ( home.arcor.de [PDF; 1.3 MB ; accessed on October 4, 2012]).
- Hartmut Bockemühl: Faces of a Congregation 1980 - 2010, Evangelical Martin Luther Church Congregation Mönchengladbach-Rheindahlen . Ed .: Presbytery of the Evangelical Martin Luther Parish Mönchengladbach-Rheindahlen. 2010.
- Sigrid Bruckmann: The Second World War in Rheindahlen . In: Stadtsparkasse Mönchengladbach (ed.): Geschichtsfreunde RheinDahlen . No. 5 . Mönchengladbach November 2010.
Archaeological excavations on the site of the former Dreesen brickworks
- Ralf W. Schmitz, Jürgen Thissen: Preliminary report on the excavations 1995-1997 in the Middle Paleolithic B1 layer of the Dreesen brickworks in Rheindahlen . In: Archäologisches Korrespondenzblatt 28 . Mainz 1998, p. 483-498 .
- Ralf W. Schmitz, Jürgen Thissen: Still to be saved . A settlement area of the Neanderthals in the Loess of Rheindahlen. In: Hans Koschnik (Ed.): Archeology in the Rhineland . Cologne 1996, p. 27-28 .
- Ralf W. Schmitz, Jürgen Thissen: The excavations in the middle Paleolithic settlement in Mönchengladbach-Rheindahlen, Dreesen brickworks . In: Heinz G. Horn, Hansgerd Hellenkemper, Gabriele Isenberg & Hans Koschnik (Eds.): Location North Rhine-Westphalia. Millions of years of history: frontispiece . Mainz 2000, p. 236-237 .
- Ralf W. Schmitz, Jürgen Thissen: Rheindahlen B1 - a micoquien site in the Lower Rhine lowlands 1996 . In: Hans Koschnik (Ed.): Archeology in the Rhineland . Cologne 1997, p. 17-18 .
- Literature about Rheindahlen in the catalog of the German National Library
- Literature about the Rheindalen district in the catalog of the German National Library
- Link catalog on the subject of Rheindahlen at curlie.org (formerly DMOZ )
- History friends RheinDahlen . Sigrid Bruckmann. Retrieved January 28, 2014.
References and individual references
- ↑ Mönchengladbach. Three cities in the city . RP Online. Retrieved September 12, 2019.
- ↑ Michael Walter: Viewpoints . History of Rheindahlen. Ed .: Future Rheindahlen e. V. Eigenverlag, Mönchengladbach 2004, For 65 Million Years - The Origin of Our Landscape, p. 9 .
- ^ City of Mönchengladbach, Department of Environmental Protection and Disposal, Department of Lignite, Landscape, Air-Climate (Ed.): Lignite Report . Update 2008/2009. Mönchengladbach September 2009, 2.3.1 Types and causes of mountain damage in Mönchengladbach, p. 59 ( moenchengladbach.de [PDF; 2.8 MB ; accessed on September 12, 2019]).
- ↑ Annual overview . NEW AG. Retrieved September 12, 2019.
- ↑ a b c d e The Rhein province of the Prussian Empire, or description of the systematic division into administrative districts, circuits, Mayor land and Honnschaften, as the cities, towns, villages, single establishment, indicating the number of inhabitants, commercial, monuments, institutions, etc. A historical = geographical = statistical manual for the use of all stands. Taken from the latest sources and compiled by several scholars. I. Volume. Düsseldorf 1833, p. 107 ( page in digitized version of Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf [accessed on October 4, 2012]).
- ↑ a b c The Rhine province of the Prussian monarchy, or description of the systematic division into administrative districts, districts, mayor's offices and honnships, as well as cities, towns, villages, individual establishments, with information on the number of inhabitants, trades, peculiarities, institutions, etc. A historically = geographical = statistical manual for the use of all stands. Taken from the latest sources and compiled by several scholars. I. Volume. Düsseldorf 1833, p. 108 ( digital.ub.uni-duesseldorf.de [accessed October 4, 2012]).
- ↑ Heinz Günter Horn : Ground monument maintenance in NRW . History on the doorstep. In: Association of regional archaeologists in the Federal Republic of Germany: Dirk L. Krausse, Jürgen Kunow, Egon Schallmayer, Regina Smolnik , C. Sebastian Sommer (ed.): Archeology in Germany . No. 2 . Konrad Theiss Verlag, Stuttgart 2005, p. 20-24 .
- ↑ Michael Walter: Viewpoints . History of Rheindahlen. Ed .: Future Rheindahlen e. V. Eigenverlag, Mönchengladbach 2004, 600,000 years old - Rheindahlen is one of the most important sites in Europe, p. 13 .
- ↑ Public NESPOS Space - Rheindahlen ( English ) NESPOS Society e. V .. Retrieved October 19, 2010.
- ^ Future Rheindahlen eV (ed.): Rheindahlen - 650 years . Festschrift for the 650th anniversary. Bern Schüren, Rheindahlen 2004, p. 11 .
- ^ Wolfgang Löhr: Rheindahlen . An illustrated book. Ed .: City Archives Mönchengladbach. B. Kühlen, Mönchengladbach 1971, ISBN 3-87448-070-4 , p. 14 .
- ^ Otto von Bylandt Foundation for the Promotion of the Municipal Museum Schloß Rheydt (Ed.): Rheydter Yearbook for History, Art and Local History . tape 14 . B. Kühlen Verlag, Mönchengladbach 1982, p. 67 ff .
- ↑ a b c d e f Wolfgang Löhr: Rheinischer Städteatlas . Rheindahlen. Ed .: Georg Droege, Klaus Fehn, Klaus Fink - Institute for historical regional studies of the Rhineland at the University of Bonn, Seminar for Historical Geography at the University of Bonn, Rhineland Regional Association, Office for Rhenish Regional Studies. Rheinland-Verlag, Cologne 1976, ISBN 3-7927-0305-X .
- ↑ Wiljo Krechting: Down into the Middle Ages . RP Online. April 27, 2010. Retrieved September 12, 2019.
- ^ Wolfgang Löhr: Rheindahlen . An illustrated book. Ed .: City Archives Mönchengladbach. B. Kühlen, Mönchengladbach 1971, ISBN 3-87448-070-4 , p. 16 .
- ↑ Toni Mennen: Genhodder - 550 years . Mönchengladbach 2002, short version of the Rheindahlener (Genhodder) story, p. 12 f .
- ↑ Toni Mennen: Genhodder - 550 years . Mönchengladbach 2002, short version of the Rheindahlener (Genhodder) story, p. 13 .
- ↑ Robert Jeuckens: history of the town and parish Rheindahlen . Ed .: Episcopal Diocesan Archive Aachen. tape 20 . Aachen 1954, p. 45 .
- ↑ Robert Jeuckens: history of the town and parish Rheindahlen . Ed .: Episcopal Diocesan Archive Aachen. tape 20 . Aachen 1954, p. 45 f .
- ↑ Heinrich Gröteken: History of the city and the office of Dahlen . Ed .: City of Rheindahlen. A. Reuter, M. Gladbach Rheindahlen, 1925, p. 7 .
- ^ Wolfgang Löhr: Rhenish city atlas . Rheindahlen. Ed .: Georg Droege, Klaus Fehn, Klaus Fink - Institute for historical regional studies of the Rhineland at the University of Bonn, Seminar for Historical Geography at the University of Bonn, Rhineland Regional Association, Office for Rhenish Regional Studies. Rheinland-Verlag, Cologne 1976, ISBN 3-7927-0305-X , p. 1 .
- ^ Norbert Becker: Loca Desiderata, Mönchengladbacher Stadtgeschichte . Ed .: Wolfgang Löhr with the support of the Sparkasse Foundation for Art and Science, the Reiners Foundation GmbH and the Josef and Hilde Wilberz Foundation. tape 1 . Rhineland publishing and operating company of the Rhineland Regional Association, Brauweiler Abbey, Pulheim 1994, ISBN 3-7927-1375-6 , p. 419 .
- ^ W. Jungandreas: Historical lexicon of settlement and field names in the Moselle region . Trier 1962, p. 1093 .
- ^ Toni Mennen, Michael Walter: The medieval castle Gripekoven and the rule Dalen . The failed attempt to establish rule on the Lower Rhine, part 1: The Wickrath-Hochstaden-Are and the parish of Dalen. Ed .: Bürgererverein Rheindahlen e. V./Heimatverein Beeck e. V. Band 1 . Rheindahlen 1990, p. 53 .
- ^ Toni Mennen, Michael Walter: The medieval castle Gripekoven and the rule Dalen . The failed attempt to establish rule on the Lower Rhine, part 1: The Wickrath-Hochstaden-Are and the parish of Dalen. Ed .: Bürgererverein Rheindahlen e. V./Heimatverein Beeck e. V. Band 1 . Rheindahlen 1990, p. 54-55 .
- ^ Toni Mennen, Michael Walter: The medieval castle Gripekoven and the rule Dalen . The failed attempt to establish rule on the Lower Rhine, part 1: The Wickrath-Hochstaden-Are and the parish of Dalen. Ed .: Bürgererverein Rheindahlen e. V./Heimatverein Beeck e. V. Band 1 . Rheindahlen 1990, p. 56 .
- ^ Toni Mennen, Michael Walter: The medieval castle Gripekoven and the rule Dalen . The failed attempt to establish rule on the Lower Rhine, part 1: The Wickrath-Hochstaden-Are and the parish of Dalen. Ed .: Bürgererverein Rheindahlen e. V./Heimatverein Beeck e. V. Band 1 . Rheindahlen 1990, p. 59 .
- ^ A b Hans Nolden, Bernhard Dünte, Eduard Richartz, Peter Neumann, Franz Wiebringhaus: Our home. An old-time book . A local history of M. Gladbach = Rheydter industrial district and its immediate surroundings. Ed .: Heimat- und Geschichtsverein Mönchengladbach e. V. 3rd edition. Commission publisher Fritz Kerlé, Mönchengladbach 1926, p. 191 .
- ↑ William Niepoth: A city built on Rheydt . Theißen-Verlag, Rheydt 1951, Mülgauer Schnapphähne, p. 12 .
- ↑ H. Gerichhausen: The robber barons of Gripekoven . Ed .: Heimatverein Beeck e. V. Wegberg 1985, p. 8th ff .
- ↑ Julius Koenzgen: Festschrift for the 600th anniversary of the city Rheindahlen . City archive Mönchengladbach (Sta MG-Hb WWe Koe Nr. 39), Mönchengladbach 1954, p. 8 .
- ^ Udo Mainzer: City gates in the Rhineland . With 110 exclusive recordings by Michael Jeiter - Rheinischer Verein für Denkmalpflege und Landschaftsschutz e. V. Gesellschaft für Buchdruckerei AG, Neuss 1975, p. 271 ff .
- ^ Historical archive of the city of Cologne (clerical department): portze die ter wintmoloilen warde uisgeit - Mühlentor from 1452; portze, the zo Wickeraedte wardt uysgeit - Wickrath gate from 1452; City archive Mönchengladbach 2a, 15: Beckerportze - Beecker Tor from 1583
- ^ Paul Clemen (ed.): The art monuments of the Rhine province . The art monuments of the cities and districts of Gladbach and Krefeld. tape 3 . L. Schwann, Düsseldorf 1896, ISBN 3-89618-129-7 , p. 521 .
- ↑ Hans Nolden, Bernhard Dünte, Eduard Richartz, Peter Neumann, Franz Wiebringhaus: Our home. An old-time book . A local history of M. Gladbach = Rheydter industrial district and its immediate surroundings. Ed .: Heimat- und Geschichtsverein Mönchengladbach e. V. 3rd edition. Commission publisher Fritz Kerlé, Mönchengladbach 1926, p. 192 .
- ^ Wolfgang Löhr: Rheindahlen . An illustrated book. Ed .: City Archives Mönchengladbach. B. Kühlen, Mönchengladbach 1971, ISBN 3-87448-070-4 , p. 39 .
- ^ Peter Schönfeld: Brick building and student graffiti - early modern times in Rheindahlen . Retrieved January 3, 2014.
- ^ Otto von Mülmann : Commercial statistics from Prussia . Third part: The administrative district of Düsseldorf. tape 1 . J. Baedeker, Iserlohn 1864 ( special history of the individual cities in the Google book search [accessed on October 4, 2012]).
- ^ Winfried Bollmann: Rheindahlen - 650 years . Festschrift for the 650th anniversary. Ed .: Zukunft Rheindahlen eV Bern Schüren, Rheindahlen 2004, French time in Mönchengladbach and Rheindahlen, p. 115 ff .
- ^ IT.NRW and Landesarchiv Münster: 184.108.40.206. Roerdepartement . Information system of the archives in North Rhine-Westphalia. Retrieved September 1, 2015.
- ^ Wolfgang Löhr with the support of the Sparkasse Foundation for Art and Science, the Reiners Foundation GmbH and the Josef and Hilde Wilberz Foundation (ed.): Loca Desiderata, Mönchengladbacher Stadtgeschichte . tape 3.1 . Rheinland-Verlag- und Betriebsgesellschaft des Landschaftsverband Rheinland mbH, Brauweiler Abbey, Pulheim 2003, ISBN 3-7927-1883-9 , p. 486 .
- ↑ Data on the history of Odenkirchen . Heimatverein Odenkirchen 1951 eV March 21, 2011. Accessed September 12, 2019.
- ↑ The Rhine province of the Prussian monarchy, or description of the systematic division into administrative districts, districts, mayor's offices and monies, such as cities, towns, villages, individual establishments, with an indication of the number of inhabitants, trades, peculiarities, institutions, etc. A historical = geographical = statistical Manual for the use of all stands. Taken from the latest sources and compiled by several scholars. I. Volume. Düsseldorf 1833, p. 4 ( page in the digitized version of Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf [accessed on October 4, 2012]).
- ↑ 150 Years of the Rhenish City Code . Clio-online - Historisches Fachinformationssystem eV. March 16, 2007. Retrieved September 12, 2019.
- ^ Wolfgang Löhr: Rheindahlen . An illustrated book. Ed .: City Archives Mönchengladbach. B. Kühlen, Mönchengladbach 1971, ISBN 3-87448-070-4 , p. 7 .
- ^ City of Mönchengladbach (Ed.): Incorporation contract between the municipalities of M. Gladbach and Rheindahlen . ( moenchengladbach.de [PDF; 18 kB ; accessed on October 4, 2012]).
- ^ Wolfgang Löhr: Rheindahlen . An illustrated book. Ed .: City Archives Mönchengladbach. B. Kühlen, Mönchengladbach 1971, ISBN 3-87448-070-4 , p. 42 .
- ^ Allan H. Mick: With the 102nd Infantry Division Through Germany . Infantry Journal Press, Washington 1947, ISBN 978-0-89839-045-2 , Czechoslovakia 1945 (English).
- ^ Sigrid Bruckmann: The Second World War in Rheindahlen . In: Stadtsparkasse Mönchengladbach (ed.): Geschichtsfreunde RheinDahlen . No. 5 . Mönchengladbach November 2010, p. 2 ff .
- ^ Wolfgang Löhr: Rheindahlen . An illustrated book. Ed .: City Archives Mönchengladbach. B. Kühlen, Mönchengladbach 1971, ISBN 3-87448-070-4 , p. 43 ff .
- ↑ Heinrich Gröteken: History of the city and the office of Dahlen . Ed .: City of Rheindahlen. A. Reuter, M. Gladbach Rheindahlen, 1925, p. 11 .
- ^ Peter Norrenberg: History of the parishes of the Dean M. Gladbach . Ed .: Karl Theodor Dumond. JP Bachem, 1889, p. 27 .
- ↑ Parish of Saint Helena . Parish of Saint Helena. Retrieved December 3, 2017.
- ↑ Evangelical Church in the Rhineland [EKiR] (Ed.): History of the Ev. Parish of Süchteln . Part 1 - History of the Church, p. 1 ( ekir.de [PDF; 42 kB ; accessed on September 12, 2019]).
- ↑ a b Hans-Ulrich Rosocha: The Evangelical Martin Luther Church Community Mönchengladbach - Our organ . Presbytery of the Martin Luther Parish (MLK). September 29, 2005. Retrieved December 28, 2010.
- ↑ Heinrich Gröteken: History of the city and the office of Dahlen . Ed .: City of Rheindahlen. A. Reuter, M. Gladbach Rheindahlen, 1925, p. 18 .
- ↑ Hans-Ulrich Rosocha: The Evangelical Martin Luther Church Community Mönchengladbach - Rheindahlen and their historical roots in the Dahlen of the 16th century . Presbytery of the Martin Luther Parish (MLK). August 26, 2007. Retrieved December 28, 2010.
- ↑ Andrea Kaufmann, Edgar Rütten: Jews in Mönchengladbach-Rheindahlen . In: Volksbank Mönchengladbach-West eG (ed.): Rheindahlen Almanach '97 . Rheindahlen 1997, The Jewish Community in Rheindahlen, p. 31 .
- ↑ Andrea Kaufmann, Edgar Rütten: Jews in Mönchengladbach-Rheindahlen . In: Volksbank Mönchengladbach-West eG (ed.): Rheindahlen Almanach '97 . Rheindahlen 1997, The Deportations, p. 50-51 .
- ↑ a b Heinrich Gröteken: History of the city and the office of Dahlen . Ed .: City of Rheindahlen. A. Reuter, M. Gladbach Rheindahlen, 1925, p. 73 .
- ^ A b c Otto von Byland Society for the Promotion of the City Museum Schloß Rheydt (Hrsg.): Rheydter yearbook for history, art and local history . tape 18 . B. Kühlen Verlag, Mönchengladbach 1990, p. 12 f . A surviving jury's seal from September 20, 1367 shows the coat of arms that was created as a result in roughly the same arrangement.
- ↑ Toni Mennen, Michael Walter: The failed attempt to establish rule on the Lower Rhine, Part 1: The Wickrath-Hochstaden-Are and the parish of Dalen . In: Bürgererverein Rheindahlen e. V./Heimatverein Beeck e. V. (Ed.): The medieval Gripekoven Castle and the Dalen rule . tape 1 . Rheindahlen 1990, p. 109 .
- ↑ Toni Mennen, Michael Walter: The failed attempt to establish rule on the Lower Rhine, Part 1: The Wickrath-Hochstaden-Are and the parish of Dalen . In: Bürgererverein Rheindahlen e. V./Heimatverein Beeck e. V. (Ed.): The medieval Gripekoven Castle and the Dalen rule . tape 1 . Rheindahlen 1990, p. 148 .
- ↑ Uta Garbisch: Version school . Mönchengladbach in the Middle Ages. Ed .: City Archives Mönchengladbach. tape 4/1997 . Mönchengladbach 1997, p. 4 / III / 72.1 .
- ↑ a b Gerkerather mill . Karin Maiss & Norbert Müller on the Lower Rhine. September 8, 2019. Accessed September 12, 2019.
- ↑ Monuments in the city of Mönchengladbach, Gerkerather Mühle in Rheindahlen . Bernd Limburg. September 12, 2010. Retrieved December 26, 2010.
- ↑ Monuments in the city of Mönchengladbach, mill tower in Schriefersmühle . Bernd Limburg. September 12, 2010. Retrieved December 26, 2010.
- ^ History . Schriefersmühle Friends' Association. Retrieved September 21, 2011.
- ↑ a b Nadine Fischer: Flour, fuel and roaring engines . Müller operated the Schriefersmühle for almost 200 years. The tower on Bundesstraße 57 has been empty since around the 1930s, surrounded by a petrol station and a biker meeting place. The residents are thinking about founding a development association and restoring the mill. In: Rheinische Post Verlagsgesellschaft mbH (Hrsg.): Rheinische Post . Mönchengladbach July 23, 2011, p. C4 .
- ↑ Angela Rietdorf: The rescue of the Schriefersmühle . W. Girardet GmbH & Co. KG. September 14, 2011. Retrieved September 21, 2011.
- ↑ Schriefersmühle saved . In: SL - Stadt- und Landbote Rheindahlen . No. 324 . Mönchengladbach June 2012, p. 17 .
- ^ Rudolf Wildermann: 100 years of public water supply Mönchengladbach . Ed .: Stadtwerke Mönchengladbach. Warlich Druck und Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, Meckenheim 1980, Rheindahlen not enthusiastic, p. 25 .
- ^ A b c Rudolf Wildermann: 100 years of public water supply Mönchengladbach . Ed .: Stadtwerke Mönchengladbach. Warlich Druck und Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, Meckenheim 1980, Rheindahlen not enthusiastic, p. 26 .
- ^ Rheindahlen waterworks . NiederrheinWasser GmbH. September 12, 2019.
- ↑ Garnet Manecke: Water towers tell a story . RP ONLINE. October 5, 2009. Retrieved September 12, 2019.
- ↑ The water tower in Rheindahlen . History friends RheinDahlen. January 22, 2014. Retrieved February 25, 2014.
- ↑ Monuments in the city of Mönchengladbach, water tower in Rheindahlen . Bernd Limburg. September 12, 2010. Retrieved December 26, 2010.
- ↑ Of Mammoths and Kestrels . For many people from Rheindahlen, their water tower is still a landmark, even if it has not been in operation since 1976. Stone Age artefacts are now in display cases where the water once sloshed in the steel container: in 1996 an archaeological museum opened on the ground floor. In: Rheinische Post . No. 66 . Rheinische Post Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, Mönchengladbach March 19, 2011.
- ^ Moenchengladbach-Rheindahlen hydrological station . NEW AG. Retrieved September 12, 2019.
- ↑ a b waterworks . NEW Energie GmbH. Retrieved September 11, 2019.
- ↑ Archaeological Museum in the Water Tower . Regional Association of Rhineland; Rhenish Archive and Museum Office, Museum Advice Department. Retrieved December 26, 2010.
- ^ Archaeological Museum of the Rheindahlen Water Tower . Bernd Hussner. April 3, 2013. Retrieved September 12, 2019.
- ^ Neanderthals in the Nierstal and Rheindahlen . BürgerZeitung Mönchengladbach (Corporate PublishingService). May 16, 2008. Retrieved June 2, 2011.
- ↑ Astronomical Working Group Mönchengladbach e. V. . Astronomical Working Group Mönchengladbach e. V .. Retrieved December 25, 2010.
- ^ Chronicle of TV Rheindahlen 1883 e. V. . August 26, 2009. Retrieved December 29, 2010.
- ↑ SC 1919 RHEINDAHLEN . Deutsche Telekom AG. Retrieved December 29, 2010.
- ↑ football . Stadtsportbund Mönchengladbach eV June 1, 2009. Accessed September 12, 2019.
- ↑ KjG St. Helena Rheindahlen u. Friends of the Catholic young community in the parish of St. Helena Rheindahlen e. V. . Retrieved February 25, 2019.
- ^ Future Rheindahlen eV (ed.): Rheindahlen - 650 years . Festschrift for the 650th anniversary. Bern Schüren, Rheindahlen 2004, p. 9 .
- ↑ vehicles . Volunteer fire brigade unit Rheindahlen. Retrieved December 29, 2010.
- ↑ Youth Fire Brigade . Volunteer fire brigade unit Rheindahlen. Retrieved December 29, 2010.
- ^ Wolfgang Löhr with the support of the Sparkasse Foundation for Art and Science, the Reiners Foundation GmbH and the Josef and Hilde Wilberz Foundation (ed.): Loca Desiderata, Mönchengladbacher Stadtgeschichte . tape 1 . Rhineland publishing and operating company of the Rhineland Regional Association, Brauweiler Abbey, Pulheim 1994, ISBN 3-7927-1375-6 , Rheindahlen in the Middle Ages, p. 436 .
- ↑ Holger Hintzen: Amazon starts operations in a new logistics center in Mönchengladbach . RP Online. August 5, 2019. Retrieved August 7, 2019.
- ^ Herbert Marx: Railway in Mönchengladbach . Verlag Kenning, Nordhorn 1997, ISBN 3-927587-28-1 , p. 95 .
- ^ Bf. Mönchengladbach-Rheindahlen . Reinhard Gessen. June 5, 2009. Retrieved December 26, 2010.
- ↑ a b Robert Jeuckens: History of the city and parish Rheindahlen . Ed .: Episcopal Diocesan Archive Aachen. tape 20 . Aachen 1954, p. 9 .
- ^ Hans Wilhelm Reiners: Commuters leave Rheindahlen behind . New western bypass released yesterday. In: Rheinische Post . Rheinische Post Verlagsgesellschaft mbH, Düsseldorf September 20, 1995.
- ^ Heinz G. Feld: In a motorcycle on the B 57n . Ring road opened yesterday. In: Westdeutsche Zeitung . Verlag W. Girardet KG, Düsseldorf September 20, 1995.
- ^ Karl Schroers: The Rheindahlen station . In: Volksbank Mönchengladbach-West eG (ed.): Rheindahlen Almanach 2000 . Rheindahlen 2000, freight traffic, p. 56-58 .
- ↑ Maximum capacity 59,771 spectators . Borussia VfL 1900 Mönchengladbach GmbH. Retrieved December 27, 2010.
- ↑ rp-online.de
- ↑ Extra tip Mönchengladbach . Report advertising paper GmbH. Retrieved December 29, 2010.
- ↑ StadtSpiegel Mönchengladbach . City advertising paper Mönchengladbach GmbH. Retrieved December 29, 2010.
- ^ Future Rheindahlen eV (ed.): Rheindahlen - 650 years . Festschrift for the 650th anniversary. Bern Schüren, Rheindahlen 2004, p. 17 .
- ↑ Catchment area / distribution . CityVision GmbH & Co KG. Retrieved February 26, 2012.
- ^ Wolfgang Löhr: Rheindahlen . An illustrated book. Ed .: City Archives Mönchengladbach. B. Kühlen, Mönchengladbach 1971, ISBN 3-87448-070-4 , p. 63 .
- ↑ Our school introduces itself . Will summer school. Retrieved September 12, 2019.
- ↑ LVR special school Mönchengladbach . LVR special school. Funding focus on physical and motor development. December 14, 2010. Retrieved September 12, 2019.
- ^ Karl Sehrbrock: Heinrich Neusen . Bürgererverein Anrath e. V .. Retrieved December 29, 2010.
- ↑ Manfred Drehsen, Karl-Heinz Jansen: Johann Franz Nicodem honorary citizen of Rheindahlen . In: SL - Stadt- und Landbote Rheindahlen . No. 307 . Mönchengladbach January 2011, p. 21 .
- ↑ City of Mönchengladbach, The Lord Mayor, Department of Urban Development and Planning, Dept. Statistics (Ed.): The population of the city of Mönchengladbach at the location of the main residence by districts and districts on June 30, 2012 . Mönchengladbach June 30, 2012 ( probuerger.de ( memento of November 2, 2013 in the Internet Archive ) [PDF; 15 kB ; accessed on October 4, 2012]).