|Community association||Bassin de Bourg-en-Bresse|
|surface||16.87 km 2|
|Residents||1,181 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||70 inhabitants / km 2|
Coligny is a French commune with 1,181 inhabitants (at January 1, 2017) in the department of Ain in the region Auvergne Rhône-Alpes . It belongs to the canton of Saint-Étienne-du-Bois in the Bourg-en-Bresse arrondissement .
Coligny is located about 22 kilometers north-northeast of the prefecture of Bourg-en-Bresse and 40 kilometers south of Lons-le-Saunier (as the crow flies) on the border with the Jura department and is crossed by the D 1083 . The east of the city borders on the first hills of the Revermont , the west on the Bresse plain .
The place name is an only slightly changed Latin Colonia. In later French texts one finds the names Colloignie, Colognie, Colligny, Coligni etc.
Coligny is known for the Coligny Celtic calendar , which dates back to the 2nd century. It is the longest Celtic inscription (in Latin letters) that has survived and has contributed a lot to the understanding of the Celtic language , the knowledge of the Celts about astronomy and the calculation of time. Another discovery, made around the same time as the calendar, is a bronze statue, the Dieu de Coligny .
One of the first lords of Coligny was Manasses I in the 10th century, the progenitor of the Coligny family . The Coligny dominion was divided into Coligny-le-Vieil and Coligny-le-Neuf in the 12th century and only reunited in 1550. After owning long for Savoy belonged Coligny-le-Neuf in 1601 was awarded the Treaty of Lyon French, while Coligny-le-Vieil to Franche-Comte remained similar to that at the time King of Spain was under, and only under Louis XIV. To France came. In 1648 Coligny-le-Neuf was elevated to a duchy and a peerage .
- Saint-Martin Church ( Monument historique )
- Joseph Darnand (1897–1945), French right-wing extremist politician, born in Coligny