|founding||1472 in Ingolstadt,
since 1826 in Munich
|Students||51,606 (WS 18/19)|
|Employee||6,357 (without university hospital, 2013)
14,083 (with university hospital, 2015)
|including professors||768 (2018-12-01)|
|Annual budget||735 million euros
(without university hospital, 2018)
1,941 million euros
(with university hospital, 2018)
|Networks||DFH , EUA , ERASMUS , Excellence Initiative, European University Alliance for Global Health (EUGLOH), German U15 , LERU , VIU|
The Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich ( University of Munich or LMU for short ) is a university in Munich . It was founded in Ingolstadt in 1472 and is named after its founder, Duke Ludwig IX. as well as the Bavarian King Maximilian I Joseph .
Over 50,000 students were enrolled in the 2017/18 winter semester , making it the second largest university in terms of numbers and the largest face-to-face university in Germany. Around 700 professors teach at 18 faculties . With 150 courses , the University of Munich offers a wide range of subjects, including some subjects that are otherwise not offered in German-speaking countries.
The buildings are spread over several locations in the greater Munich area. Central facilities and the majority of the institutes are located north of the city center in the Maxvorstadt and thus in the Munich art area .
The LMU is associated with 13 Nobel Prize winners . She has been participating in the Excellence Initiative since 2006 .
The university is a public corporation with the right to self-government . The university is run by a board of directors. He is supported by the University Council and the Extended University Management. Other central bodies are the Senate and the Central Committees. Important matters within the individual faculties are decided by faculty councils.
The Presidium consists of the President and the five Vice-Presidents. The current president of the university is Bernd Huber . As President, he represents the university externally and executes the decisions of the central bodies. The Vice Presidents Martin Wirsing , Barbara Conradt, Sigmund Stintzing, Hans van Ess and Christoph Mülke are each responsible for the areas of studies, research and diversity, appointments, international affairs as well as economic and personnel administration. The five vice-presidents, like the president, are elected by the university council.
Extended university management
The extended university management consists of the 6 members of the executive committee, the 18 deans of the individual faculties, the women's representative and one representative each of the academic staff, the non-academic staff and the students. The Extended University Management draws up the university's development plan, decides on proposals for research orientation, determines the focus of the budget and decides on the division of the university into faculties.
The University Council has as its central decision-making body, the function of a supervisory board. It consists of eight members of the Senate as well as eight high-ranking representatives from science, business and professional practice. The Presidium and the University Women's Representative are available to advise the University Council. The current chairman of the university council is Hans Weder , the former rector of the University of Zurich. Other members include Roland Berger , Stephan Götzl , Helmut Schwarz , Helga Nowotny and, from 2014, Ursula Münch as the successor to Annette Schavan . The university council elects the president and vice-presidents of the university. It also decides on the basic regulations, university development planning and the establishment, modification and cancellation of courses.
The Senate is composed of 16 elected members and the women's representative. The Presidium takes part in the meetings in an advisory capacity. The Senate decides on matters of fundamental importance for research and the promotion of young talent. In addition, it decides on the examination and study regulations and issues opinions on suggestions for appointments. The chairman of the Senate is Graecist Martin Hose .
There are four central committees whose members are appointed by the Senate. The strategy committee advises the executive committee, the extended university management and the senate on the development of a mission statement and strategy concept. The research committee assumes an advisory role in all scientific matters vis-à-vis the executive committee, the extended university management and the senate. The Committee for Teaching and Studies advises the Presidium, the Extended University Management and the Senate on cross-faculty questions about studying and teaching. He is also involved in the development and reform of the range of courses. The committee of inquiry investigates allegations of scientific misconduct.
The individual faculties of the university are represented by the faculty councils. The faculty councils elect the dean and decide on all important matters relating to their faculty, such as habilitation , doctoral , study and examination regulations.
→ Main article University of Ingolstadt
The university was founded in 1472 with papal approval from Duke Ludwig IX. founded by Bayern-Landshut as the first university in the Duchy of Bavaria in Ingolstadt . It was set up in what was then the beneficiary house and started with the four faculties of philosophy , medicine , law and theology . The first rector of the university was Christoph Mendel von Steinfels , who later became bishop of the Chiemsee diocese .
During the time of German humanism , well-known names such as Conrad Celtis and Peter Apian taught at the university . The theologian and anti-Reformation opponent Johannes Eck also taught at the university. From 1549 to 1773 the university was shaped by the Jesuit order (including Petrus Canisius was rector and professor of theology) and was one of the centers of the Counter Reformation .
At the end of the 18th century, the university was influenced by the Enlightenment . In the Philosophical and Medical Faculties, the natural sciences were upgraded. In the theology, pastoral theology was given more prominence and the law faculty received more modern curricula. In 1799 the foundation stone of what would later become the Faculty of State Economics was created with the Institute for Camera Sciences.
Due to the threat to Ingolstadt from the French invasion army , the then elector and later King Maximilian I Joseph moved the university to Landshut in 1800 . With the relocation, an attempt was also made to renew the Jesuit and thus conservative university. Since 1802 the university has been called the Ludwig Maximilians University, named after Maximilian I Joseph and its founder Ludwig IX.
In Landshut, the university is developing from a privileged academic institution to a state university. The Minister Maximilian von Montgelas set new scientific and educational policy accents with his reform concepts. The number of students in the years 1825/26 was just under 1000 students.
Just a few years after moving from Ingolstadt to Landshut, King Ludwig I brought the university to the capital Munich in 1826. It was initially housed in the former Jesuit college Wilhelminum in Neuhauser Strasse, before the main building planned by Friedrich von Gärtner and still used as such was completed in 1840 . The fact that this happened in Ludwigstrasse, i.e. on the arterial road to the sometimes elegant rural idyll of Schwabing with its aristocratic castles, was obviously a good choice, as the further development of Schwabing shows (see Schwabing # history ).
In the second half of the 19th century, high-ranking scholars shaped the university. The seminars and institutes have been continuously expanded. Structurally, Maximilian II considered a new building and thus the relocation of the university near Karlsplatz (today the area of the Palace of Justice). However, the plans were not pursued with the death of the king. In 1897 and 1898, the university building was expanded along Adalbertstrasse . From 1906 to 1909 the extension to Amalienstraße took place according to plans by German Bestelmeyer . In this expansion phase, the atrium was created as the new center of the university, the Audimax and the Amalienhalle.
From 1903 after Baden , Bavaria became the second state in the German Reich to allow women to enroll in university. While only 1% of women studied at LMU in the winter semester of 1905/06, it was already 14% in the winter semester of 1918/19. The number of students in 1918/19 was around 8,600. In 1918, Adele Hartmann was the first woman in Germany to receive his habilitation at the University of Munich .
After the First World War , other personalities shaped the university. Nobel laureates Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen and Wilhelm Wien as well as Adolf von Baeyer and Richard Willstätter taught at the university. With Arnold Sommerfeld and Ferdinand Sauerbruch , other well-known names taught at the university. The later Nobel Prize winner Werner Heisenberg also received his doctorate there.
During the time of National Socialism , Jewish and politically unadjusted professors were dismissed. Lecturers were also hindered in their academic careers. In the physics department, the National Socialists a. a. when they succeeded Arnold Sommerfeld with Wilhelm Müller , a representative of the so-called German physics , they were blatantly wrongly appointed. In May 1933, the German student body, dominated by the National Socialists, largely initiated and organized the book burning on Königsplatz .
During the Second World War , the White Rose resistance group was formed at the University of Munich around the siblings Sophie and Hans Scholl . They were discovered in the university atrium while handing out leaflets hostile to the regime by the house fitter Jakob Schmid and then handed over to the Gestapo . Since 1997, remembers between the atrium and the main auditorium a memorial site to the resistance group.
When the American troops marched into Munich on April 30, 1945, around 80% of the LMU were in ruins and around a third of all books in the university library were lost or destroyed. In the first decade after the war, the buildings destroyed during the war were rebuilt. After the reconstruction, there followed a phase of expansion that was not always free of tension. Similar to other German universities, there were violent student protests at the LMU in the 68s .
In 1967 an evangelical-theological faculty was established, and in 1972 the Pasing College of Education was integrated into the university's faculty of education. In addition, new buildings for medicine in Großhadern , for veterinary medicine in Oberschleißheim and for physics in Garching have been built since the mid-1970s . In 1977 the newly built Großhadern Clinic was completed.
1994 – today
Since 1994 the Großhadern location has been continuously expanded into the HighTechCampus Martinsried-Großhadern. Here's the 1994 Gene Center and since 1999 the entire Faculty of Chemistry and Pharmacy settled. The entire biology department has also been located in Martinsried-Großhadern since 2007 .
In 2006 and 2007, the LMU was selected for its future concepts as part of the Excellence Initiative. By 2011, the university had 180 million euros available for the establishment of a graduate school and three clusters of excellence.
On July 12, 2010, the newly designed Theologicum, in the Adalbert wing of the main building, was inaugurated by Horst Seehofer .
Extensive construction work was carried out as part of the double graduation year. The tower of the vestibule (formerly the library) was converted into a teaching tower with lecture halls and seminar rooms. The building on Oettingenstrasse (formerly Radio Free Europe ) was also rebuilt and a lecture hall extension was created.
The University of Munich is not a campus university. Your buildings are spread over several locations in the greater Munich area. The student residences are also spread across the entire city of Munich.
The main building of the university is north of the city center on Ludwigstrasse . The Georgianum , Ludwigskirche , Siegestor and the Bavarian State Library are in the immediate vicinity . In the main building next several are lecture halls and seminar rooms and lecture hall , Great Auditorium , Denkstätte White Rose housed and parts of the university administration. The central university library is in the immediate vicinity .
In the main building and in the immediate vicinity there are numerous facilities and institutes of the faculties of Catholic theology , Protestant theology , law , business administration , economics , history and art studies , philosophy , scientific theory , religious studies , cultural studies , linguistics and literary studies , social sciences , statistics and physics . In addition, several veterinary clinics and institutes of the veterinary faculty are located a short distance from the main building on the west side of the English Garden .
A few hundred meters north of the main building are the cafeteria , student union and facilities of the Faculty of Psychology and Education . The institutes for art education and music education of the Faculty of History and Art Studies are also located there .
A few hundred meters southwest of the main building, next to the Pinakothek der Moderne and the Brandhorst Museum , is the Mathematical Institute. This location also houses facilities for theoretical physics and meteorology of the Faculty of Physics and Mineralogy , Crystallography and Geophysics of the Faculty of Geosciences .
A large part of the Institute for Computer Science is housed in the institute building on the east side of the English Garden . In addition, the Faculty of Social Sciences maintains the Geschwister-Scholl Institute for Political Science in this building . The Japan Center and other smaller facilities are also located at this location.
The inner city campus of the LMU Clinic is located southwest of the city center, between Sendlinger Tor and Theresienwiese . It consists of several individual clinics . These include the medical clinic, surgical clinic, psychiatric clinic, eye clinic, dental clinic, children's clinic ( Dr. von Haunersches Children's Hospital ), women's clinic and dermatological clinic. In addition to the individual clinics, numerous institutes and facilities of the medical faculty are also housed on the premises of the clinic .
There are other university buildings near Königsplatz . This is where facilities from the Faculty of Geosciences and the Institutes for Egyptology and Classical Archeology are located. In Bogenhausen there are university observatories and facilities for astronomy and astrophysics from the Faculty of Physics. To the south of the Olympic Park are facilities for didactics of biology and institutes of the veterinary faculty. Among other things, the university archive is located in Freimann . Other smaller university facilities are located in the Botanical Garden and all over Munich.
The HighTechCampus Martinsried - Großhadern is located on the south-western outskirts of Munich . There are institutes and facilities of the Medical Faculty as well as the Großhadern campus of the LMU Klinikum . The Faculty of Biology also maintains numerous institutes and the Biozentrum in Martinsried. The gene center and facilities of the Faculty of Chemistry and Pharmacy are also located on the campus.
In order to better connect the campus to the local public transport network, the U6 underground line will be extended by one station to Martinsried. In the long term, it is then planned to merge all scientific and medical subjects on the HighTechCampus in Martinsried-Großhadern.
Institutes and clinics of the veterinary faculty are located in Oberschleißheim . The long-term plan is to further expand the Oberschleißheim location and to bundle all veterinary facilities there.
On the campus of the Technical University of Munich in Garching there are several chairs of experimental physics (laser physics, medical physics, elementary particle physics), as well as a measuring station of the Meteorological Institute of the LMU.
Teaching and studying
In natural science subjects, the LMU is in direct competition with the Technical University of Munich . The Ludwig Maximilians University is one of the first three universities to be included in the “Future Concept” funding line as part of the Excellence Initiative. She is involved in the Bavarian Elite Network . According to the Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2016/2017 , the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich is in 30th place worldwide, making it the best German university. In the Shanghai Ranking 2012, the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich is in 60th place worldwide and is therefore also among the best German universities behind the Technical University of Munich (53rd place).
The University of Munich is divided into 18 faculties . The official numbering of the faculties and the missing numbers 06 and 14 result from the outsourcing and amalgamation of faculties in the past. The Forest Science Faculty with the number 06 was incorporated into the Technical University of Munich in 1999 , and Faculty 14 was merged with Faculty 13.
- 01 Catholic Theological Faculty
- 02 Evangelical Theological Faculty
- 03 Faculty of Law
- 04 Faculty of Business Administration
- 05 Economic Faculty
- 07 Faculty of Medicine
- 08 Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
- 09 Faculty of History and Art
- 10 Faculty of Philosophy , Philosophy of Science and Religious Studies
- 11 Faculty of Psychology and Education
- 12 Faculty of Cultural Studies
- 13 Faculty of Linguistics and Literature
- 15 Faculty of Social Sciences
- 16 Faculty of Mathematics , Computer Science and Statistics
- 17 Faculty of Physics
- 18 Faculty of Chemistry and Pharmacy
- 19 Faculty of Biology
- 20 Faculty of Earth Sciences
The Ludwig Maximilians University offers a wide range of subjects with around 150 courses .
With Medieninformatik and the Institute for Communication Studies, it is a member of MedienCampus Bayern , the umbrella organization for media education and training in Bavaria.
To view the tables on the right, press [Expand] .
The number of students of the University was in the years 1825-26 to almost 1,000 students . In the following decades the number of rose enrolled students steadily. The admission of women to university in 1903 also encouraged the increase in the number of students. In the winter semester 1905/06 5,147 (53 women) and in the 1918/19 winter semester 8,625 students (1,191 women) were enrolled. During the National Socialist era , the number of students enrolled fell again. In 1935/36, 5,480 students (1,016 women) and in the 1940 summer semester only 2,991 students (914 women) were enrolled at the university. After the Second World War the number of students increased again. In the winter semester of 1949/50 the number of students was 10,469 (including 2,198 women) and in 1959/60 it was 18,225 (including 4,930 women). Half a century later, the number of students enrolled in the 2009/10 winter semester was 45,649 (28,545 of whom were women).
In the 2017/18 winter semester, 50,918 students were enrolled at the university, 30,503 (60%) women and 8,515 (17%) international students. The number of first-year students who started their first university semester in the 2017/18 winter semester is 8940. In terms of the number of enrolled students, Ludwig Maximilians University is the second largest university in Germany, after the distance university in Hagen and ahead of the University of Cologne .
In the 2006 summer semester, the university's Senate decided to levy tuition fees using a tiered model. In the summer semester 2007 and winter semester 2007/08 the contributions were 300 euros each . Since the summer semester of 2008, the tuition fee has been 500 euros per semester. In addition to the tuition fee, there was an administration fee of 50 euros and a basic fee of 42 euros for the Munich Student Union until the 2008/09 winter semester . The administration fee was abolished again by the Bavarian government in the 2009 summer semester . Thus, a total of 542 euros per semester had to be paid. With the abolition of tuition fees in Bavaria, there will be no more tuition fees from the 2013/14 winter semester, only the student union fee of 62 euros and 67.40 euros as the basic fee for the semester ticket (as of SS 2018).
At the university, like at other Bavarian universities, there is no legally independent student body , but 'only' a student body that exists as part of the university organization . However, following the amendment to the Bavarian University Law in 2006, in agreement with the student council, the university made good use of the possibility to apply to the State Ministry for different regulations on the organization of student councils in order to enable the student council to set up a student council model. Since the new organization of the university came into effect in 2007, the student representatives have been divided into the convention of student councils, which is made up of representatives of the student council representatives for the individual subjects. This determines the executive bodies of the student council as well as the student representatives in the university's committees.
Since the winter semester 2013/14 there has also been a semester ticket at LMU . For this, each student pays a basic amount or solidarity fee of 65 € when they enroll or re-register. With the student ID, you can drive for free on the entire MVV network Monday to Friday between 6 p.m. and 6 a.m. the following day, as well as on Saturdays, Sundays, public holidays and on December 24th and 31st . In addition, the IsarCard Semester can be purchased at every ticket machine for € 189.00. This means that you can drive around the clock in the entire MVV network during the entire semester, together with your student ID.
The University of Munich maintains numerous scientific centers and institutes . A small selection of these facilities is listed below.
- Adolf Butenandt Institute
- Arnold Sommerfeld Center for Theoretical Physics (ASC)
- Center for Digital Technology and Management (CDTM)
- Center for Integrated Protein Science Munich (CIPSM)
- Center for NanoScience (CeNS)
- Center for Applied Policy Research (CAP)
- Center for Information and Language Processing (CIS)
- Gene Center Munich
- Institute for Bavarian History
- Lasky Center for Transatlantic Studies
- LMU Center for Leadership and People Management (CLPM)
- LMU Entrepreneurship Center (LMU EC)
- Meteorological Institute Munich (MIM)
- Munich Experimental Laboratory for Economic and Social Sciences (MELESSA)
- Munich-Center for Advanced Photonics (MAP)
- Munich Center for Mathematical Philosophy (MCMP)
- Nanosystems Initiative Munich
- Rachel Carson Center for Environment and Society
The Ludwig Maximilians University cooperates with several independent institutes and research facilities. Some of these institutes are listed below.
- German Archaeological Institute
- German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (DZNE)
- Fraunhofer Society
- Helmholtz Centre Munich
- ifo Institute for Economic Research
- Institute for Contemporary History (IfZ)
- Max Planck Society (MPG)
- Monumenta Germaniae Historica (MGH)
- Central Institute for Art History (ZI)
As part of the Excellence Initiative 2006 and 2007, Ludwig Maximilians University was funded until 2011 to strengthen top-level university research. The university had 180 million euros at its disposal for the establishment of the Graduate School of Systemic Neurosciences and the three clusters of excellence Center for Integrated Protein Science Munich , Munich-Center for Advanced Photonics and Nanosystems Initiative Munich as well as for the implementation of the future concept LMUexcellent. As part of LMUexcellent, the LMU Center for Leadership and People Management, a training, research and consulting facility of the LMU Munich, was established in 2007. With the center’s three programs - personnel development, the multiplier program and the peer-to-peer mentoring program - people at LMU Munich will be trained throughout the entire scientific life cycle, from students to professors, developed and promoted. Since November 2012, in the third round of the Excellence Initiative, the Graduate School for East and Southeast European Studies has been established - a cooperation between the Ludwig Maximilians University and the University of Regensburg .
In addition, the university is involved in eight elite courses and five international doctoral colleges of the Bavarian Elite Network .
|year||source||International rank||National rank|
|2006||Shanghai Jiao Tong Annual League||51.||1. (in front of TU Munich , University of Heidelberg )|
|2007||Shanghai Jiao Tong Annual League||53.||1. (in front of TU Munich, University of Heidelberg)|
|2008||Shanghai Jiao Tong Annual League||55.||1. (in front of TU Munich, University of Heidelberg)|
|2009||Shanghai Jiao Tong Annual League||55.||1. (in front of TU Munich, University of Heidelberg)|
|2010||Shanghai Jiao Tong Annual League||52.||1. (in front of TU Munich, University of Heidelberg)|
|2011||Shanghai Jiao Tong Annual League||54.||2. (after TU Munich, before Heidelberg University)|
|2012||Shanghai Jiao Tong Annual League||60.||2. (after TU Munich, before Heidelberg University)|
|2013||Shanghai Jiao Tong Annual League||61.||3. (after TU Munich and University of Heidelberg)|
|2014||Shanghai Jiao Tong Annual League||49.||1. (on par with Heidelberg University, in front of TU Munich)|
|2015||Shanghai Jiao Tong Annual League||52.||3. (according to Heidelberg University and TU Munich)|
|year||source||International rank||National rank|
|2006||Times Higher Education Supplement||98||3. (according to Heidelberg University, TU Munich)|
|2007||Times Higher Education Supplement||65.||2. (according to Heidelberg University)|
|2008||Times Higher Education Supplement||93.||3. (according to Heidelberg University, TU Munich)|
|2009||Times Higher Education Supplement||98||4. (according to TU Munich, University of Heidelberg, Free University of Berlin )|
|2010||Times Higher Education Supplement||61.||2. (according to the University of Göttingen )|
|2011||Times Higher Education Supplement||45.||1. (in front of the University of Göttingen and University of Heidelberg)|
|2012||Times Higher Education Supplement||48.||1. (in front of the University of Göttingen, University of Heidelberg and Humboldt University of Berlin )|
|2013||Times Higher Education Supplement||55.||1. (in front of the University of Göttingen, University of Heidelberg and Free University of Berlin )|
|2014||Times Higher Education Supplement||29||1. (in front of the University of Göttingen, University of Heidelberg and Humboldt University of Berlin)|
|2015||Times Higher Education Supplement||29||1. (in front of Heidelberg University, Humboldt University of Berlin and TU Munich)|
|2016||Times Higher Education Supplement||30th||1. (in front of Heidelberg University, Technical University of Munich and Humboldt University of Berlin)|
Further international placements
- QS World University Ranking 2020: 63rd place
- CWTS Leiden 2019 (PP top 10%): 124th place
- Best Global Universities Rankings 2019: 43rd place
- Round University Rankings 2018: 32nd place
Together with the Technical University of Munich , LMU received the negative BigBrotherAward in the education category in 2017 for its cooperation with the online course provider Coursera . The jury criticized the fact that data protection was hidden in the cooperation agreement between the two Munich universities and Coursera. Coursera is a for-profit company that capitalizes on student data, for example by selling student grades and other student data to recruitment agencies. As an alternative to such commercial offers, laudator Frank Rosengart from the CCC suggested the creation of a non-profit MOOC platform .
In September 2018, the Süddeutsche Zeitung reported that the Munich I public prosecutor's office was investigating a vice-president of the university on suspicion of infidelity who allegedly claimed "excessive expenses for business trips". In the following year, veterinary medicine students reported that LMU was violating animal welfare . Accordingly, the LMU keeps pigs in narrow lattice boxes, so that some animals had scratches, dents and respiratory diseases from lying down. Students who report these circumstances are said to have been threatened with de- registration. At the beginning of 2020, the LMU locked around 80 students in a room who wanted to discuss, under the topic “Climate is on fire, university is on fire”, why universities research for climate-damaging companies.
- List of well-known personalities of the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich
- List of honorary senators of the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich
- List of student associations in Munich
- List of modern universities in Europe (1801–1945)
- List of universities in Germany
- List of honorary citizens of the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich
- List of university preachers at the Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich
- Laetitia Boehm (Ed.): Biographical Lexicon of the Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich. Duncker and Humblot, Berlin 1998, ISBN 3-428-09267-8 .
- Helmut Böhm: From self-administration to the leader principle: the University of Munich in the first years of the Third Reich (1933-1936) (= Ludivico Maximilianea Research 15), Duncker and Humblot, Berlin 1995, ISBN 3-428-08218-4 .
- Stefanie Harrecker: Graduated doctors. The revocation of the doctorate at the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich during the Nazi era . Utz, Munich 2007, ISBN 978-3-8316-0691-7 , ( Contributions to the history of the Ludwig Maximilians University Munich 2), content (PDF; 37 kB) .
- Elisabeth Kraus (Ed.): The University of Munich in the Third Reich. Essays. 2 volumes. Utz, Munich 2006–2008, ( articles on the history of the Ludwig Maximilians University Munich 1 and 4), content volume 1 (PDF; 52 kB) , content volume 2 (PDF; 55 kB) .
- Albrecht Liess: The artistic faculty of the University of Ingolstadt 1472–1588 . In: Laetitia Boehm, Johannes Spörl (Ed.): The Ludwig Maximilians University in its faculties . Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1980, ISBN 3-428-04737-0 , Vol. 2, pp. 9-35.
- Leonore Liess: History of the medical faculty in Ingolstadt from 1472–1600 . Demeter Verlag, Graefelfing 1984, ( series of publications by the Munich Association for the History of Medicine e.V. 14, ZDB -ID 582261-0 ).
- Georg Lohmeier : The long way of the Alma Mater. In: Ders .: Liberalitas Bavariae. From the good and bad old days in Bavaria . Ehrenwirth, Munich 1971, ISBN 3-431-01430-5 , pp. 206-254.
- Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (ed.): Chronicle. Munich 1867-2000, ISSN 0179-5473 .
- Ludwig Maximilians University Munich (Ed.): Ludwig Maximilians University Munich. 2nd updated and expanded edition. Garnies, Haar near Munich 2001, ISBN 3-926163-24-0 .
- Müller, Winfried: The universities of Munich, Erlangen and Würzburg after 1945. On university policy in the American zone of occupation , in: Lanzinner, Maximilian; Henker, Michael (ed.): Regional history and contemporary history. Research perspectives on the history of Bavaria after 1945 (materials on Bavarian history and culture 4), Augsburg 1997, pp. 53–88.
- Maximilian Schreiber: Walther Wüst. Dean and Rector of the University of Munich 1935–1945 . Utz, Munich 2008, ISBN 978-3-8316-0676-4 , ( contributions to the history of the Ludwig Maximilians University Munich 3), (also: Munich, Univ., Diss., 2005), content (PDF; 72 kB ).
- Richard Schumak (ed.): New beginning after the Third Reich. The resumption of scientific work at the Ludwig Maximilians University and the Bavarian Academy of Sciences. Diary entries of the classical philologist Albert Rehm 1945 to 1946 . Publishing house Dr. Kovac, Hamburg 2009, ISBN 978-3-8300-4469-7 , ( Studies on Contemporary History 73), content .
- Hans Otto Seitschek (ed.): Philosophy at the Ludwig Maximilians University. Philosophical teaching at the University of Ingolstadt - Landshut - Munich from 1472 to the present . EOS-Verlag, St. Ottilien 2010. ISBN 978-3-8306-7422-1
- Petra Umlauf: The female students at the University of Munich 1926 to 1945. Selection, restriction, employment, reactions. De Gruyter Oldenbourg 2016, ISBN 978-3-11-044663-0 .
- Helmut Wolff: History of the Ingolstadt Faculty of Law 1472–1625 . Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1973, ISBN 3-428-02941-0 , ( Ludovico Maximilianea. University of Ingolstadt-Landshut-Munich, research and sources 5).
- uni-muenchen.de - Official website
- Max von Pettenkofer Institute
- Graduate School for East and Southeast European Studies
- ↑ a b c d 1472: Foundation of the high school in Ingolstadt . Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
- ↑ a b c Welcome . Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich. Retrieved January 6, 2010.
- ↑ a b c d e f g h i j facts and figures . Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich. Retrieved February 3, 2020.
- ^ Hospital University of Munich // Annual report 2013 . Hospital of the University of Munich. Retrieved October 2, 2014.
- ↑ Network. List of universities in the DFH network. In: www.dfh-ufa.org. Franco-German University, accessed on October 6, 2019 .
- ↑ internationality . Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich. Retrieved June 16, 2019.
- ↑ Network application "EUGLOH" successful - LMU Munich. Retrieved July 4, 2019 .
- ↑ RiffReporter: European Universities: EU Commission selects the first 17 networks. Retrieved July 4, 2019 .
- ↑ German universities play a leading role in European networking: first 'European universities' selected. Retrieved July 4, 2019 .
- ↑ a b c d Landshut (1800–1826) . Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
- ↑ Nobel Prize Winner. In: Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich. Retrieved December 12, 2019 .
- ↑ a b c d e organization . Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
- ↑ University management . Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
- ↑ Prof. Dr. rer. pole. Bernd Huber . Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
- ↑ Vice-Presidents . Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich. Retrieved January 6, 2010.
- ↑ a b c Extended university management . Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
- ↑ a b The University Council of the LMU Munich . Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich. Retrieved February 20, 2012.
- ↑ Sebastian Krass: Ursula Münch becomes a university councilor. Süddeutsche.de, October 6, 2014, accessed October 7, 2014 .
- ↑ a b c d e f g h i j k Munich (since 1826) . Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
- ^ A b Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich . Staatliches Bauamt München 2. Archived from the original on September 21, 2010. Retrieved on January 6, 2010.
- ↑ Birgit-Verena Karnapp, project for a university with a church, seminary and Georgianum, in: Winfried Nerdinger (ed.), Between Glaspalast and Maximilianeum. Architecture in Bavaria at the time of Maximilian II. 1848-1864, Munich 1997 (= exhibition catalogs of the Architecture Museum of the Technical University of Munich and the Munich City Museum, no. 10), pp. 208-211.
- ↑ The White Rose . Shoa.de. Retrieved January 6, 2010.
- ↑ Stefan Paulus: Model USA? Americanization of the University and Science in West Germany 1945–1976 (Studies on Contemporary History 81), Munich 2010, p. 98.
- ↑ Stefan Hemler: From Kurt Faltlhauser to Rolf Pohle. The development of student unrest at the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich in the second half of the sixties , in: Venanz Schubert (Ed.), 1968. 30 years later, St. Ottlien: EOS 1999, pp. 209–242.
- ^ Hospital of the University of Munich - Großhadern . Staatliches Bauamt München 2. Archived from the original on October 3, 2009. Retrieved on January 6, 2010.
- ↑ a b Excellence Initiative . Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
- ↑ locations . Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
- ↑ residential complexes
- ↑ 48.150833,11.580278 . Google Maps. Retrieved January 6, 2010.
- ↑ a b c d e f g h Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich (ed.): Site plan of the LMU. Munich 2008.
- ↑ facilities . Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
- ↑ Contact / map . Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich. Retrieved January 6, 2010.
- ↑ Contact . Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
- ^ Meteorology in Munich . Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich. Retrieved January 6, 2010.
- ↑ Site plan . Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich. Retrieved January 6, 2010.
- ↑ Addresses of the Institute for Computer Science . Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich. Retrieved January 6, 2010.
- ↑ Directions . Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich. Retrieved January 6, 2010.
- ^ U6 extension to Martinsried decided . u-bahn-muenchen.de. Retrieved January 6, 2010.
- ↑ a b LMU 2020 (PDF; 203 kB) Ludwig Maximilians University Munich. Retrieved January 6, 2010.
- ↑ Physics - Faculty of Physics - LMU Munich. Archived from the original on December 25, 2017 ; accessed on February 20, 2018 .
- ↑ World University Rankings 2016-2017 . Times Higher Education. Retrieved October 19, 2016.
- ^ Academic Ranking of World Universities - 2012 . Shanghai Ranking Consultancy. Retrieved November 15, 2012.
- ↑ Faculties . Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich. Retrieved January 6, 2010.
- ^ History of forest science education in Bavaria . Technical University of Munich. Archived from the original on May 4, 2014.
- ↑ Faculties . Archived from the original on January 26, 1998. Retrieved January 6, 2010.
- ^ Andreas C. Hofmann: Why the LMU Munich has (none) 20 faculties. On the differentiation of knowledge at the Ludovico-Maximilianea in the mirror of the history of its faculties , in: aventinus bavarica No. 15
- ↑ Types of degrees . Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich. Retrieved January 6, 2010.
- ↑ subjects and courses A to Z . In: Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich . Retrieved May 5, 2012.
- ↑ subjects and courses A to Z . In: Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich . Retrieved April 18, 2016.
- ↑ subjects and courses A to Z . In: Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich . Retrieved April 16, 2016.
- ↑ a b lists of people and lectures ( memento from November 16, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
- ↑ Tuition fees ( Memento from August 27, 2006 in the Internet Archive )
- ↑ Contribution amount . Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
- ↑ Internet presence of the student union of the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich . Retrieved June 13, 2012.
- ↑ Art. 106 (2) BayHSchG ( Memento of October 17, 2010 in the Internet Archive )
- ^ Andreas C. Hofmann: The LMU Munich is getting a new look. An overview of the changes in university law in 2006/2007 , in: Forum. The journal of the Friedrich-Ebert Foundation scholarship holders No. 1/2008, p. 83
- ↑ In detail cf. Andreas C. Hofmann: "Habemus Conventum". On the new model of student representation at the LMU Munich ( memento from April 22, 2016 in the Internet Archive ), in: Nomen Nominandum. Student magazine for the historical seminar, issue 1 (SS 2008), pp. 36–39
- ↑ Information on the semester ticket on the MVV website
- ↑ Information on the semester ticket on the website of the semester ticket ( Memento from October 5, 2013 in the Internet Archive )
- ↑ Central scientific institutions . Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich. Retrieved January 6, 2010.
- ↑ Cross- faculty institutions . Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich. Retrieved January 6, 2010.
- ↑ ArchaeoBioCenter's website
- ↑ a b Internet presence of the LMU Center for Leadership and People Management
- ↑ Homepage "Meteorological Institute Munich", accessed September 2, 2017
- ↑ Research collaborations . Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich. Retrieved January 6, 2010.
- ↑ Elite courses at the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich . Elite network Bavaria. Retrieved April 28, 2013.
- ↑ Doctoral program at the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich . Elite network Bavaria. Retrieved April 28, 2013.
- ↑ Academic Ranking of World Universities 2006 ( Memento of November 4, 2009 in the Internet Archive )
- ↑ Academic Ranking of World Universities 2007 ( Memento of November 4, 2009 in the Internet Archive )
- ↑ Academic Ranking of World Universities 2008 ( Memento of November 4, 2009 in the Internet Archive )
- ↑ Academic Ranking of World Universities 2009 ( Memento from November 1, 2009 in the Internet Archive )
- ↑ Academic Ranking of World Universities 2010 ( Memento from August 22, 2010 in the Internet Archive )
- ↑ Academic Ranking of World Universities 2011 . Shanghai Ranking Consultancy. Retrieved September 19, 2011.
- ↑ Academic Ranking of World Universities 2012 . Shanghai Ranking Consultancy. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
- ↑ Academic Ranking of World Universities 2013 . Shanghai Ranking Consultancy. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
- ↑ Academic Ranking of World Universities 2014 . Shanghai Ranking Consultancy. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
- ↑ Academic Ranking of World Universities 2015 . Shanghai Ranking Consultancy. Retrieved October 8, 2015.
- ↑ a b 2007 THES QS World University Rankings ( Memento from November 26, 2007 in the Internet Archive )
- ↑ a b Times Higher Education-QS World University Rankings 2009 . Times Higher Education. Retrieved January 6, 2010.
- ^ Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2010 . Times Higher Education. Retrieved September 16, 2010.
- ↑ Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2011 ( Memento of October 6, 2011 in the Internet Archive )
- ↑ Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2012 . Times Higher Education. Retrieved October 6, 2012.
- ↑ Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2013 . Times Higher Education. Retrieved March 6, 2014.
- ↑ Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2014 . Times Higher Education. Retrieved October 2, 2014.
- ↑ Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2014 . Times Higher Education. Retrieved October 15, 2015.
- ^ World University Rankings . In: Times Higher Education (THE) . August 17, 2016 ( timeshighereducation.com [accessed October 30, 2016]).
- ^ Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich. July 16, 2015, accessed on January 19, 2020 .
- ↑ Center for Science and Technology Studies (CWTS): CWTS Leiden Ranking. Retrieved January 19, 2020 .
- ↑ Best Global Universities Rankings. Retrieved January 19, 2020 .
- ^ World University Rankings. Retrieved January 19, 2020 .
- ↑ Frank Rosengart: The BigBrotherAward 2017 in the Education category goes to the Technical University of Munich and the Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich . BigBrotherAwards.de. May 5, 2017. Retrieved June 20, 2017.
- ↑ Max Muth: reprimand in price form: data protectionists criticize Munich universities . May 12, 2017. Retrieved August 20, 2019.
- ↑ Anja Perkuhn: LMU and TU are watching: This platform sells student data . Evening News. May 5, 2017. Retrieved June 20, 2017.
- ^ Johannes Boie, Hannes Grassegger: Data protection in online courses: The transparent student . Southgerman newspaper. December 2, 2015. Accessed June 20, 2017.
- ^ Christian Baars, Hannes Grassegger: Online courses from universities in the criticism: Massig data from students . Daily News. December 7, 2015. Accessed June 20, 2017.
- ↑ Günther Knoll: Suspicion of infidelity against one of the LMU vice-presidents , accessed on April 30, 2020.
- ↑ Martina Scherf: Pined up for research , accessed April 30, 2020.
- ↑ Sabine Buchwald: Locked up in the Great Aula , accessed on April 30, 2020.
Coordinates: 48 ° 9 ′ 3 ″ N , 11 ° 34 ′ 49 ″ E