Castrojeriz - View of town with castle hill
|coat of arms||Map of Spain|
|Autonomous Community :||Castile and León|
|Area :||136.07 km²|
|Residents :||796 (Jan. 1, 2019)|
|Population density :||5.85 inhabitants / km²|
|Postal code :||09110|
|Municipality number ( INE ):||09091|
Castrojeriz is a northern Spanish city and a municipality (municipio) with 796 inhabitants (at January 1, 2019) at St. James in the province of Burgos the Autonomous Region of Castile and Leon . The historic town center is classified as a cultural asset ( Bien de Interés Cultural ) in the conjunto histórico-artístico category.
Location and climate
The place Castrojeriz is located on the Río Odra in the Iberian Meseta on the southern flank of a high table mountain with the castle ruins of Castrum Sigerici . The provincial capital Burgos is about 50 km (driving distance) to the east; to Santiago de Compostela it is another 450 km to the west. The climate is temperate to warm; Rain (approx. 540 mm / year) falls over the year.
The mechanization of agriculture and the abandonment of small farms have led to a significant decline in the number of inhabitants since the middle of the 20th century. The municipality also includes 5 hamlets (pedanías) with a total of about 300 inhabitants.
The inhabitants of the rural community live mainly from agriculture (agriculture and cattle breeding). Small traders and craftsmen settled in the village itself. Since the 1970s, the summer rental of holiday homes (casas rurales) has also played a certain economic role. Several wind farms were installed in the surrounding mountains around the turn of the millennium .
Bronze Age ceramics were discovered, but there are no archaeologically usable traces from the Celtic , Roman , Visigothic and even Moorish times. The first mention of the place name Castrum Sigerici comes from the 9th century, the beginning of the Christian reconquest ( reconquista ) . Around the middle of the 11th century, the Moors were finally pushed back to the Duero border. In the Middle Ages and early modern times, the place experienced its heyday, which is reflected in the construction of several churches and pilgrims' hospices. Today the place is only partially inhabited; many houses are falling into disrepair.
- The construction of the Gothic collegiate church (Colegiata de Nuestra Señora del Manzano) began in 1214, but today's church construction mainly dates from around 1500. Both portals and the rose window are late Gothic , but without any figurative decoration. The two upper tower floors date from the Renaissance and the early Baroque . The interior of the church has three aisles and has a latticed inner choir with choir stalls . There are several imposing baroque altars in the three apses, in the entire choir area and in the side chapels.
- The former parish church of Santo Domingo is a hall church from the 16th century with a beautiful star vault . Today it serves as a museum.
- The former monastery church of San Juan is also a hall church from the 12th to 14th centuries. It is almost richly furnished with altars and figures. The cloister (claustro) with its double columns is worth seeing .
- The medieval castle ruins towers over the city, visible from afar.
- The impressive ruins of the company founded in the 12th century St. Anthony - monastery and its late Gothic monastery church are located about 3 km east of the town.
- Cifras oficiales de población resultantes de la revisión del Padrón municipal a 1 de enero . Population statistics from the Instituto Nacional de Estadística (population update).
- Castrojeriz - climate tables
- Castrojeriz - population development
- Castrojeriz - History
- Castrojeriz - Iglesia de San Juan
- Castrojeriz - Antonite Monastery