Březina u Křtin
|State :||Czech Republic|
|Region :||Jihomoravský kraj|
|Area :||683 ha|
|Geographic location :|
|Residents :||1,075 (Jan 1, 2019)|
|Postal code :||679 05|
|License plate :||B.|
|Street:||Ochoz u Brna - Jedovnice|
|Mayor :||Pavel Kachlík (as of 2010)|
679 05 Křtiny
Březina is located in the south of the Drahaner Bergland . The village is surrounded by forests and lies in the basin of the Ochozský creek. Březina is located on the edge of the protected landscape area Moravský kras , to the east the Říčky nature park extends. To the south rises the Skalka (478 m), in the southwest the Baba (496 m) and to the west the Vysoká (492 m). Two kilometers to the east is the Lhota desert near the Lhotky hut settlement .
Neighboring towns are Křtiny in the north, Proseč , Bukovina , Lhotky and Bukovinka in the northeast, Říčky and Račice in the east, Nový Dvůr and Lhotky in the southeast, Ochoz u Brna and Obce in the south, Kanice in the southwest, Babice nad Svitavou in the west and Habrůvka in the northwest .
The first written mention of the village of Brzyezina belonging to the Ronov Castle was in 1365 as the property of Čeněk Krušina von Lichtenburg . After Ronov in the 15th century desolate fell that hit Černohorský of Boskovice the village of domination Nový hrad to. There is evidence of a farm in Březina since the second half of the 15th century, owned by the landed nobleman Jiřík von Březina. In 1604 the Liechtensteiners acquired the village and attached it to the Pozořice rule . The oldest local seal dates from 1635. In 1746, the stately Nový Dvůr sheep farm was laid out southeast of Březina. In the same year, the lordship laid out another farmyard, Nový Dvůr, which was located in the corridors of the desert village of Lhota and was later called Lhotky . The Jägerhaus and Hegerhaus were later built in Lhotky, and in 1842 accommodation for forest workers was added. The Liechtenstein landlords of Březina remained until the middle of the 19th century. On the western outskirts of the village, limestone was quarried on the Vysoká and burned in the Kruhovka lime kiln.
After the abolition of patrimonial Březina formed from 1850 with the one- shift Lhotky a community in the district administration Brno . Lhotky was reassigned to Hostěnice in 1885 . On April 24, 1901, a major fire broke out in Proseč. This spread quickly over clapboard and thatched houses to the southwest and spread to Březina. 26 houses in the village were destroyed. In 1913 the bell tower in Březina was demolished.
Since 1921 the municipality belonged to the Okres Brno-venkov . In the last days of the Second World War , Březina became the scene of a bloody battle. After the place was attacked by Soviet bombers on May 1, 1945, a 40-man vanguard of the Red Army advanced against Březina on the same day . In the fighting, 38 Red Army soldiers, three members of the Wehrmacht and a peasant woman died from shrapnel. 1950 Proseč and Březina were merged to form a municipality Březina and at the same time assigned to the Okres Blansko . The community has had a coat of arms and a banner since 2000. With the beginning of 2007 Březina moved to the Okres Brno-venkov. The parish is the village of the Church of the Virgin Mary in Křtiny.
No districts are shown for the municipality of Březina. Proseč ( Pros ) is part of Březina
- Subsidiary church Maria Mutter der Kirche, consecrated in 1995
- Březinka natural monument, on Vysoká hill west of the village
- Memorial stone for Jan Opletal (1915–1939), in the forest west of the village
- Výpustek cave , northwest of Březina
- Malý lesík karst cave , southwest in the valley of Ochozský potok
- Český statistický úřad - The population of the Czech municipalities as of January 1, 2019 (PDF; 7.4 MiB)