List of Ig Nobel Prize winners
This list introduces the Ig Nobel Prize winners and their excellent work.
|table of contents|
1991 • 1992 • 1993 • 1994 • 1995 • 1996 • 1997 • 1998 • 1999 • 2000 •
2001 • 2002 • 2003 • 2004 • 2005 • 2006 • 2007 • 2008 • 2009 • 2010 •
2011 • 2012 • 2013 • 2014 • 2015 • 2016 •2017 • 2018 • 2019 • 2020 •
|Web links • Individual references|
|education||Dan Quayle||United States||Vice President of the United States , publicly accused of lacking linguistic and intellectual skills. The jury's reasoning was: "consumer of time and occupier of space, for demonstrating, better than anyone else, the need for science education."|
|biology||Robert Klark Graham||United States||for his establishment of the "Repository for Germinal Choice" (German analogous repository for germ choice ), a seed bank that only accepts donations from Nobel Prize winners and Olympic participants .|
|chemistry||Jacques Benveniste||France||for his discovery that water is an intelligent liquid; and for the demonstration, which he found satisfactory, that water was able to remember events - long after all traces of these events had disappeared.|
Hungary United States
||Father of the hydrogen bomb and first proponent of the Star Wars weapon system , for his lifelong commitment to changing the meaning of the word " peace ".|
|literature||Erich von Däniken||Switzerland||visionary narrator and writer of memories of the future , for explaining how human civilization was influenced by astronauts from space (see pre-astronautics ).|
|medicine||Alan E. Kligerman||United States||Developers digestive-related redemption, rescuers in case of fumes and inventor of Beano for his pioneering work with anti-gas liquids flatulence , nausea and avoid annoyance.|
|business||Michael Milken||United States||Titan of Wall Street - and father of the junk bond to which the world owes a lot.|
|Prices for fictitious achievements by fictitious people who are no longer officially listed|
|Pedestrian technology||Paul DeFanti||(fictitious)||for the invention of the "bucky bonnet", a Buckminster fulleresque that pedestrians wear to protect their heads and keep their calm.|
|Interdisciplinary research||Josiah S. Carberry||United States (fictional)||fictitious professor at Brown University , "bold explorer and eclectic seeker of knowledge, for his pioneering work in the field of psycho-ceramics, the study of people with jump in the dish (English Crackpot )."|
|physics||Thomas Kyle ( pseudonym of William DeBuvitz)||United States (fictional)||Detector of atoms and original man of knowledge for his discovery of the most inert element in the universe, Administratium.|
|archeology||Éclaireuses Éclaireurs de France||France||a French scout association whose local group damaged two prehistoric wall paintings in the Grotte de Mayrière supérieure near Bruniquel during an action against modern graffiti .|
|biology||Cecil Jacobson||United States||Relentlessly generous sperm donor and rich patriarch of the sperm banks for devising a simple, one-handed method of quality control.|
|chemistry||Ivette Bassa||United States||Designer of the colorful colloids , for her role in the crowning achievement of 20th century chemistry, the synthesis of light blue jelly .|
|nourishment||SPAM consumers||worldwide||courageous consumers of canned foods, for 54 years of undemanding digestion.|
|peace||Daryl Gates||United States||Former Los Angeles City Police Chief for his unique irresistible ways of bringing people together .|
|Arts||Jim Knowlton||United States||modern polymath , for his classic anatomy -Poster " penises of the animal kingdom"|
|National Endowment for the Arts||United States||for encouraging Knowlton to add a pop-up book to his work.|
|literature||Yuri Struchkov||Russia||Tireless author from the Institute for Organic Compounds in Moscow , for the 948 scientific papers that he published from 1981 to 1990 - an average of one every 3.9 days.|
|medicine||Fujihiro Kanda, Eiichiro Yagi, Minoru Fukuda, Keisuke Nakajima, Tadao Ohta and Okitsugu Nakata||Japan||from the Shiseido Research Center in Yokohama , for her groundbreaking study, "Explanation of Chemical Compounds Responsible for Foot Odor ," especially for her summary that people who think they have foot odor have it and those who don't, not.|
|physics||David Chorley and Doug Bower||United Kingdom||Lions of deep energy physics, for their circular contributions to the field theory of the geometric destruction of English cornfields .|
|business||Lloyd's of London investors||United Kingdom||Heirs to 300 years of careful management for boldly attempting to insure disaster by refusing to take responsibility for the company's losses.|
|biology||Leslie P. Williams, Jr. and Kenneth W. Newell||United States||bold biological detectives, for their pioneering study Salmonella excretion in pigs on joyride .|
|chemistry||James Campbell and Gaines Campbell||United States||Dedicated fragrance liberators for inventing the scent strips, a method by which perfume is distributed in magazines.|
|peace||The Pepsi-Cola Company of the Philippines||Philippines||for promoting a millionaire contest and announcing the wrong winning number, inspiring and uniting 800,000 rampant and expectant winners and bringing together many different parties for the first time in the country's history.|
|literature||Eric Topol, Robert M. Califf, Frans Van de Werf, Paul W. Armstrong and their 972 co-authors||
Australia Belgium Germany France Ireland Israel Canada Luxembourg New Zealand Netherlands Poland Switzerland Spain United Kingdom United States
||for publishing a medical research paper that has a hundred times more authors than pages.|
|mathematics||Robert W. Faid||United States||Far-sighted and reliable prophet of statistics, for calculating the exact probability (710,609,175,188,282,000 to 1) that Mikhail Gorbachev is the Antichrist .|
|medicine||James F. Nolan, Thomas J. Stillwell, and John P. Sands, Jr.||United States||medical men of mercy, for their careful research report, Acute Management in zippers jammed penis .|
|physics||Corentin Louis Kervran||France||passionate admirer of alchemy , for his conclusion that calcium in chicken egg shells can be produced by cold fusion .|
|psychology||John E. Mack and David M. Jacobs||United States||for her conclusion that people who believe they were abducted by aliens probably were - and especially for her conclusion that "the main reason for abduction is the production of children".|
|Consumer technology||Ron Popeil||United States||Tireless inventor and diligent late night television salesman for redefining the Industrial Revolution with devices such as the Veg-O-Matic, Pocket Fisherman, Mr. Microphone and the Inside-the-Shell Egg Scrambler.|
|Visionary technology||Jay Schiffman||United States||Inventor of AutoVision, an image projection device that makes it possible to drive a car and watch TV at the same time, and the Michigan State Legislature, which legalized the same.|
India United States
||Refined scholar and best-selling author of The Great Depression of 1990 and Survival of the Great Depression of 1990 , for selling enough copies of his book to avoid global retail economic collapse.|
|biology||W. Brian Sweeney, Brian Krafte-Jacobs, Jeffrey W. Britton, and Wayne Hansen||for her seminal study The Constipated Soldier: Prevalence Among US Forces Abroad ; and especially for the numerical analysis of the frequency of movement of their intestines.|
|chemistry||Bob Glasgow||United States||Senator from Texas for introducing an anti-drug manufacturing bill in 1989 that requires approval for all purchases of beakers, flasks, test tubes, and other laboratory glassware.|
|peace||John Hagelin||from Maharishi University of Management , Fairfield, USA, and the Institute for Science, Technology, and the Public, both proponents of peaceful thought, for their experimental estimates that 4,000 trained meditators would reduce violent crime in Washington, DC by 18 percent.|
|Entomology||Robert A. Lopez||from Westport, New York, veterinarian and friend of all creatures, large and small, for his experiments on removing ear mites from cats, introducing them into his own ear, and then observing the results.|
|literature||L. Ron Hubbard||United States||Author of science fiction novels and founding father of Scientology , for the book called Dianetics , which brings humanity (or part of it) very large profits.|
|mathematics||Southern Baptist Church of Alabama||United States||To the very meticulous church for their effort to calculate for each district of the state what percentage of people will go to hell if they should not atone for their sins.|
|medicine||Patient X||former member of the US Marine Corps , honorable victim of a bite from his rattlesnake , for his novel treatment of attaching ignition cables to his lips and running the car engine at 3000 rpm for five minutes.|
|Richard A. Gustafson||the University of Arizona Health Sciences Center, for his well-grounded work called failure of the electric shock treatment in the event of Rattlesnake bisses .|
|psychology||Lee Kuan Yew||Singapore||Former Prime Minister of Singapore , advocate of the psychology of negative reinforcement , for his thirty-year study of the effects of punishing three million citizens for spitting, chewing gum or feeding pigeons.|
|business||Juan Pablo Davila||Chile||from Chile , tireless trader of financial products and former employee of the state-owned Codelco Company , because he has brought his computer to securities to buy if he should sell them, and for trying to compensate for the losses incurred, while still increasing the computer-based transactions . He lost 0.5 percent of the gross domestic product of Chile by hand.|
|Price for spurious services, no longer officially listed|
|physics||The Japanese Meteorological Agency||for her seven-year study of whether earthquakes are caused by catfish wiggling their tails. (The winner is no longer officially listed as their win is based on what turned out to be an erroneous press release.)|
|chemistry||Bijan Pakzad||from Beverly Hills for the creation of a DNS - colognes and perfumes of a DNS - both containing no deoxyribonucleic acid - but both in a triple helix bottle ( sic sold!).|
|nourishment||John Martinez||United States||J. Martinez & Co. of Atlanta, Georgia, for the development of Kopi Luwak - the world's most expensive coffee - made from coffee beans previously eaten and excreted by spotted musangs ( crawling cats ).|
|peace||The Taiwanese National Parliament||Taiwan||for demonstrating that politicians win more by boxing, beating and beating each other than by waging wars against other nations.|
|literature||David B. Busch and James R. Starling||from Madison, Wisconsin for their haunting report, Foreign Bodies in the Rectum : Case Studies and Comprehensive Review of the Worldwide Literature . The appendix mentions, among other things: Seven lightbulbs; a knife sharpening stone; two flashing lights; a wire spring; a tobacco box; an oil can with a potato peeler; eleven different forms of fruits, vegetables and other foods; a jeweler's saw; a frozen pork tail, a pewter mug, a beer glass and also a patient's remarkable collection which consisted of glasses, a key, a tobacco pouch and a magazine.|
|medicine||Marcia E. Buebel, David S. Shannahoff-Khalsa, and Michael R. Boyle||for their invigorating study called The Effects of Forced Unilateral Nasal Breathing on Consciousness .|
|Public health||Martha Kold Bakkevig and Ruth Nielsen||
||for their exhaustive study entitled Influence of wet underwear on thermoregulation and thermal comfort in the cold .|
|physics||Dominique MR Georget, R. Parker, and Andrew C. Smith||from the Institute of Food Research in Norwich (England) for their rigorous analysis of moist breakfast cereals, published in its report called A study of the effects of water content on the compression behavior of breakfast cereal flakes .|
|psychology||Shigeru Watanabe, Junko Sakamoto and Masumi Wakita||from Keiō University for their success in training pigeons so that they can distinguish between the paintings of Picasso and Monet .|
|business||Nick Leeson and his manager at Barings Bank||for their use of derivatives to clearly demonstrate that every financial institution has its limits . The English-language original alludes to mathematics: "... for using the calculus of derivatives to demonstrate ...", German: "for the use of the analysis of derivatives "; also “limits”.|
|Robert Citron||United States|
|Dentistry||Robert H. Beaumont||from Shoreview, Minnesota, for his dramatic study. Do Patients Prefer Waxed or Unwaxed Floss ?|
|biodiversity||Chonosuke Okamura||from the Okamura Fossil Laboratory in Nagoya for discovering the fossils of dinosaurs , horses , dragons , princesses and over a thousand other extinct "mini-species", all of which are only a few millimeters in size.|
|biology||Not so Barheim and Hogne Sandvik||from the University of Bergen for their tasty report Effects of ale , garlic and sour cream on the appetite of leeches .|
|chemistry||George Goble||from Purdue University for his world record time lighting a grill - three seconds using charcoal and liquid oxygen .|
|peace||Jacques Chirac||France||who carried out nuclear tests to commemorate the 50th anniversary of Hiroshima in the Pacific .|
|Arts||Don Featherstone||from Fitchburg, Massachusetts , for his ornamental, evolutionary invention of the pink garden flamingo .|
|literature||The editing of Social Text||for eagerly publishing research they did not understand , which the author labeled meaningless, and which claimed that reality did not exist.|
|medicine||James Johnston of RJ Reynolds Tobacco Company , Joseph Taddeo of US Tobacco, Andrew Tisch of Lorillard , William Campbell of Philip Morris , Edward A. Horrigan of Liggett Group, Donald S. Johnston of American Tobacco , and Thomas E. Sandefur, Jr ., late Chairman of the Board of Directors of Brown and Williamson Tobacco||for their discovery, presented to the US Congress, that nicotine is not addictive.|
|Public health||Ellen Kleist and Harald Moi||
||for their cautionary medical report gonorrhea transmission by rubber dolls .|
|physics||Robert Matthews||from Aston University in Birmingham for his studies of Murphy's Law , particularly for showing that slices of toast have an inherent tendency to fall on the buttered side.|
|business||Robert J. Genco||from the University at Buffalo for discovering that financial problems are a risk factor for periodontal disease .|
|astronomy||Richard C. Hoagland||United States||from New Jersey for identifying man-made structures on the Moon and Mars , including a human face on Mars and ten miles tall buildings on the Moon.|
|biology||T. Yagyu and his colleagues from the University Hospital Zurich , from the Kansai Medical University in Osaka and from Neuroscience Technology Research in Prague||
Japan Switzerland Czech Republic
||for measuring the brainwaves of their subjects while they chewed different flavors of gum .|
|peace||Harold Hillman||United Kingdom||from the University of Surrey "Possible pain during different for its lovingly assembled and ultimately peaceful study of execution " (The Possible Pain Experienced During Execution by Different Methods) .|
|Entomology||Mark Hostetler||United States||from the University of Florida for his educational book That Gunk on Your Car , which helps identify various types of insect debris on windshields.|
|communication||Sanford Wallace||United States||President of Cyber Promotions in Philadelphia - rain, snow, and darkness could not stop this self-styled mailman from delivering his electronic sales letters around the world.|
|literature||Doron Witztum , Eliyahu Rips and Yoav Rosenberg from Israel and Michael Drosnin from the USA||
Israel United States
||for her hair-splitting statistical discovery that the Bible contains a secret, hidden code .|
|medicine||Carl J. Charnetski and Francis X. Brennan, Jr. of Wilkes University and James F. Harrison of Muzak Ltd. in Seattle||United States||for their discovery that listening to elevator music stimulates the production of immunoglobulin A (IgA) and thus possibly prevents colds .|
|meteorology||Bernard Vonnegut||United States||from the University at Albany for his revealing report, "Chicken Plucking as a Measure of Wind Speed in Tornadoes ."|
South Africa United States
||from Texas A&M University for his extensive work in the research areas of cold fusion , gold synthesis and the electrochemical ignition of household waste .|
|business||Akihiro Yokoi from Wiz in Chiba and Aki Maita from Bandai in Tokyo||Japan||Father and Mother of Tamagotchi , for redirecting millions of hours of work into caring for virtual pets.|
|education||Dolores warrior||United States||Professor Emeritus at New York University for her demonstration of the benefits of therapeutic touch , a method by which nurses manipulate their patients' energy fields by carefully avoiding all contact with them.|
|biology||Peter Fong||United States||from Gettysburg College for contributing to the joy of life in mussels by giving them antidepressants .|
|chemistry||Jacques Benveniste||France||for his homeopathic discovery that water not only has a memory, but that this information can be transmitted via telephone lines or the Internet (see also Benveniste's honor 1991).|
|peace||The Prime Ministers of India, Atal Bihari Vajpayee , and Pakistan, Nawaz Sharif||
||for their militant peaceful nuclear explosions .|
|literature||Mara Sidoli||United States||of Washington, DC for her enlightening report " Farts As Defense Against Unspeakable Fear."|
|medicine||Patient Y and his doctors, Caroline Mills, Meirion Llewelyn, David Kelly and Peter Holt of the Royal Gwent Hospital in Newport , Wales||United Kingdom||for her cautionary medical report, "A man who stabbed his finger and stank foul for five years".|
India United States
||from the Chopra Center for Well Being in La Jolla for its unique interpretation of quantum physics and its effects on life, freedom and economic success.|
|Security technology||Troy hurtubise||Canada||from North Bay, Ontario for developing and testing (self-testing) armor that can withstand grizzly bears .|
|statistics||Jerald Bain from Mt. Sinai Hospital in Toronto and Kerry Siminoski from the University of Alberta||Canada||for their moderate report "The relationship between body size , penis length and shoe size ".|
|business||Richard Seed||United States||from Chicago for his efforts to fuel the world economy by cloning himself and others.|
|Apparatus medicine||George and Charlotte Blonsky from New York City and San Jose||United States||for the invention of an obstetrical device (US Patent # 3,216,423) in which the woman is strapped to a round table which then rotates at high speed .|
|education||Education committees of the US states of Kansas and Colorado||United States||for its policy that students of the Darwinian theory of evolution should not pay more than the faith Newtonian gravitational theory , the theory of electromagnetism of Faraday and Maxwell or Pasteur's theory that germs cause disease.|
|biology||Paul Bosland||United States||Director of the Chile Pepper Institute at New Mexico State University for the breeding of a jalapeño chili without spiciness .|
|chemistry||Takeshi Makino, President of The Safety Detective Agency in Osaka||Japan||for contributing to the development of S-Check, an infidelity detection spray that wives can use on their partners' underwear.|
|peace||Charl Fourie and Michelle Wong||South Africa||from Johannesburg for the invention of an alarm system for cars, consisting of a detection circuit and a flame thrower .|
|literature||British Standards Institution||United Kingdom||for their six-page standard BS-6008 on how to brew a cup of tea correctly .|
|medicine||Arvid Vatle||Norway||from Stord for carefully collecting, classifying and considering the containers in which his patients gave urine samples to him.|
United Kingdom of Australia
||from Bath and Sydney for figuring out the optimal way to dip a biscuit and|
|Professor Jean-Marc Vanden-Broeck from the University of East Anglia (England) from Belgium and Joseph B. Keller from the USA||
United Kingdom Belgium United States
||for calculating a teapot whose spout does not drip.|
|sociology||Steve Penfold||Canada||from York University in Toronto for a thesis on the sociology of Canadian donut shops.|
|environmental Protection||Hyuk-ho Kwon||South Korea||from the Kolon company in Seoul for the invention of the self-perfuming street suit.|
|biology||Richard water suction||from Dalhousie University, for his firsthand report, "On the comparable palatability of some dry-season tadpoles in Costa Rica ."|
|chemistry||Donatella Marazziti, Alessandra Rossi and Giovanni B. Cassano from the University of Pisa , Italy, and Hagop S. Akiskal from the University of California, San Diego||
Italy United States
||for her discovery that romantic love is biochemically indistinguishable from obsessive-compulsive disorder .|
|peace||The British Royal Navy||United Kingdom||for ordering their soldiers to stop using live ammunition , just shouting “Bang!” instead.|
|Bless you||Jonathan Wyatt, Gordon McNaughton and William Tullet from Glasgow||United Kingdom||for her alarming report, "The Breakdown of Toilets in Glasgow."|
|Computer science||Chris Niswander||United States||of Tucson , Arizona, for inventing PawSense, software that detects when a cat walks over the keyboard .|
|literature||Jasmuheen (formerly Ellen Greve)||Australia||Inventor of light fasting for her book Living on Light, which explains that some people eat food that they don't need to eat.|
|medicine||Willibrord Weijmar Schultz, Pek van Andel and Eduard Mooyaart from Groningen , Netherlands and Ida Sabelis from Amsterdam||Netherlands||for their dazzling report " Magnetic resonance tomography of male and female genitals during coitus and female sexual arousal."|
|physics||Andre Geim from Radboud University Nijmegen , Netherlands, and Michael Berry from University of Bristol , England||for using a magnet to make a frog levitate.|
|psychology||David Dunning from Cornell University and Justin Kruger from the University of Illinois||for the study “Uneducated and unaware of it. How difficulties in noticing one's own incompetence lead to excessive self-assessment . "( Dunning-Kruger effect )|
|business||Reverend Sun Myung Moon||for promoting the efficiency and steady growth of the mass wedding industry, with, according to one report, a 36-fold marriage in 1960, a 430-fold marriage in 1968, an 1,800-fold marriage in 1975, a 6,000-fold marriage in 1982, a 30,000-fold wedding in 1992, a 360,000-fold wedding in 1995 and a 36,000,000-fold wedding in 1997.|
|astrophysics||Jack and Rexella Van Impe||of Jack Van Impe Ministries, Rochester Hills , Michigan , for discovering that black holes are all the prerequisites to be the place of Hell .|
|biology||Buck Weimer||from Pueblo (Colorado) for the invention of Under-Ease , an airtight underwear with a replaceable activated carbon filter that removes unpleasant odors before they can escape.|
|peace||Viliumas Malinauskas||from Druskininkai ( Lithuania ), for the establishment of an amusement park called " Stalin World ".|
|Bless you||Chittaranjan Andrade and BS Srihari||from the National Institute of Mental Diseases and Neuroscience in Bengaluru for their discovery that nose picking is common among adolescents.|
|literature||John Richards||from Boston, England , founder of the Apostrophe Protection Society, for his efforts to protect, promote and defend the difference between plural and genitive (in English).|
|medicine||Peter Barss||from McGill University for its "Injuries From Falling Coconuts " report .|
|physics||David Schmidt||from the University of Massachusetts for partial solution to why shower curtains roll inward.|
|psychology||Lawrence W. Sherman||from Miami University ( Ohio ) for his influential research report "An environmental study of Schadenfreude among small groups of preschoolers."|
|technology||John Keogh from Hawthorn, Victoria (Australia)||Australia||in equal parts for registering the wheel for a patent in 2001 and|
|the Australian Patent Office||Australia||which issued him patent # 2001100012.|
|business||Joel Slemrod from Michigan Business School and Wojciech Kopczuk from the University of British Columbia||for her conclusion that people postpone their deaths if this reduces inheritance tax .|
|biology||Norma E. Bubier, Charles GM Paxton, Phil Bowers, and D. Charles Deeming||United Kingdom||for their report, The Ostrich's Courtship Behavior to People in Rural Conditions in the UK.|
|chemistry||Theodore Gray||from the Wolfram Research Laboratory in Champaign (Illinois) , for the collection of many elements of the periodic table and the construction of a "four-legged" periodic table table.|
|peace||Keita Sato, President of Takara Co., Matsumi Suzuki, President of Japan Acoustic Lab and Norio Kogure, Executive Director of Kogure Veterinary Hospital||for her commitment to peace and harmony between species through the development of the Bow-Lingual language , a computer-based translation aid for the dog's language.|
|hygiene||Eduardo Segura||Spain||from Tarragona in Catalonia ( Spain ) for the development of a washing machine for dogs and cats.|
|Interdisciplinary research||Karl Kruszelnicki||from the University of Sydney for its comprehensive study of navel lint .|
|literature||Vicki L. Silvers from the University of Nevada; Reno and David S. Kreiner from Central Missouri State University||for their colorful report of existing The effects of improper text markers on the reading comprehension (The Effects of Pre-Existing Inappropriate Highlighting on Reading Comprehension).|
|mathematics||KP Sreekumar and G. Nirmalan||from the Kerala Agricultural University in India for their analytical presentation of assessments of the total surface area of Indian elephants .|
|medicine||Chris McManus||from the University of London for his balanced report on testicular asymmetry in humans and ancient sculpture .|
|physics||Arnd Leike||Germany||from the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich for demonstrating that beer foam is subject to the laws of exponential decay .|
|business||The executors, corporate directors and auditors from Enron , Lernout & Hauspie ( Belgium ), Adelphia, Bank of Credit and Commerce International (BCCI) ( Pakistan ), Cendant, CMS Energy, Duke Energy , Dynegy , Gazprom , Global Crossing , HIH Insurance ( Australia ), Informix , Kmart , Maxwell Communications, McKessonHBOC, Merrill Lynch , Merck & Co. , Peregrine Systems, Qwest Communications , Reliant Resources, Rent-Way, Rite Aid , Sunbeam Products, Tyco International , Waste Management, MCI Worldcom , Xerox and Arthur Andersen||
Belgium United States Pakistan Russia Bermuda Australia United Kingdom Ireland
||for the use of imaginary numbers in the business world.|
|biology||CW Moeliker||Netherlands||from the Natural History Museum Rotterdam , for the first scientifically documented case of homosexual necrophilia in the mallard (Anas platyrhynchos).|
|chemistry||Yukio Hirose||Japan||from Kanazawa University for researching a statue in downtown Kanazawa and, based on the results, developing a bronze alloy that discourages pigeons due to its high arsenic content .|
|peace||Lal Bihari||India||from Uttar Pradesh ( India ) for a triple achievement.
1. For the fact that he lived actively, although he was officially declared dead,
|engineering||John Paul Stapp , Edward A. Murphy, and George Nichols||for the development of Murphy's law : If there are two or more ways to do something, and one of those ways can result in a catastrophe, someone will do it (in German: " If there are two or more ways to do something , and one of the paths leads to a catastrophe, then someone will take exactly that path. ”Often this is also translated as:“ If anything can go wrong, it will. ”).|
|Interdisciplinary research||Stefano Ghirlanda, Liselotte Jansson and Magnus Enquist||from Stockholm University for their report Chickens prefer beautiful people.|
|literature||John Trinkaus from the Zicklin School of Business, New York||for the collection and publication of more than 80 disorders and anomalies in daily life. As examples, he published the percentage of teenagers who put their baseball caps on the wrong way round, what percentage of swimmers at the wrong end of the pool swim their curves and what percentage of motorists do not quite stop at a certain stop sign.|
|medicine||Eleanor Maguire , David Gadian, Ingrid Johnsrude, Catriona Good, John Ashburner, Richard Frackowiak and Christopher Frith||from London for providing evidence that the brains of London taxi drivers are better developed than those of their roommates.|
|physics||Jack Harvey, John Culvenor, Warren Payne, Steve Cowley, Michael Lawrance, David Stuart and Robyn Williams||Australia||for their incredible report, An Analysis of the Forces Required to Drag sheep across various surfaces.|
|psychology||Gian Vittorio Caprara and Claudio Barbaranelli from La Sapienza University , Rome , and Philip Zimbardo from Stanford University||
Italy United States
||for her report The Uniquely Simple Personality of Politicians.|
|business||Karl Schwärzler and the State of Liechtenstein||Liechtenstein||for making it possible to rent the whole country for events such as birthdays, weddings or bar mitzvahs .|
|biology||Ben Wilson from the University of British Columbia , Lawrence Dill from Simon Fraser University , Canada, Robert Batty from the Scottish Association for Marine Science, Magnus Whalberg from Aarhus University , Denmark, and Hakan Westerberg from Sweden's National Board of Fisheries||for showing that herring apparently communicate with one another by means of farts .|
|chemistry||Coca-Cola Company Great Britain||for the use of high technology to turn liquid from the Thames into a clear form of water that had to be removed from the market as a precaution because it contained bromates .|
|peace||Daisuke Inoue||Japan||from Hyogo Prefecture , Japan , for inventing karaoke , while creating an entirely new way for people to learn to tolerate one another.|
|literature||American Nudist Research Library of Kissimmee, Florida||United States||for preserving the history of nudists so that everyone can see it.|
|medicine||Steven Stack from Wayne State University , Detroit, USA and James Gundlach from Auburn University , USA||for her report on the effects of country music on suicides.|
|Public health||Jillian Clarke||from the Chicago High School for Agricultural Sciences, later Howard University, for experimentally refuting the 5-second rule, which states that you can still eat things that have not been on the floor for five seconds.|
|physics||Ramesh Balasubramaniam from the University of Ottawa and Michael Turvey from the University of Connecticut and the Haskins Laboratory||for explaining and researching the different factors involved in the hula hoop .|
|psychology||Daniel Simons from the University of Illinois and Christopher Chabris from Harvard University||for demonstrating that if people pay close attention, they can overlook almost anything - even a man in a gorilla costume .|
|technology||Donald J. Smith and his father, the late Frank J. Smith||for the patent for a technique that conceals a half-bald head in the event of hair loss with several strands , later referred to as comb-over .|
|business||Vatican||for outsourcing prayers to India .|
|biology||Benjamin Smith of the University of Adelaide and the University of Toronto and perfume manufacturers Firmenich , Geneva , and ChemComm Enterprises , Archamps (France); Craig Williams of James Cook University and the University of South Australia; Michael Tyler from the University of Adelaide; Brian Williams from the University of Adelaide; and Yoji Hayasaka from the Australian Wine Research Institute||
Canada Switzerland France Australia
||for studying the smells of 131 different frog species under stress.|
|chemistry||Edward Cussler from the University of Minnesota and Brian Gettelfinger from the University of Minnesota and the University of Wisconsin – Madison||for a series of experiments to compare the human swimming speed in water and syrup .|
|nourishment||Nakamatsu Yoshirō||Japan||from Tokyo for the idea of photographing and analyzing meals every day and carrying them out for 34 years now.|
|peace||Claire Rind and Peter Simmons||United Kingdom||from Newcastle University for the study of brain activity of locusts in the Star Wars -Betrachten.|
|Agricultural history||James Watson||New Zealand||from Massey University (New Zealand) for examining the significance of Mr. Richard Buckley's exploding pants .|
|literature||A group of Nigerian start-ups||Nigeria||for writing heartbreaking stories whose main characters only need a small amount to assert their claims to unbelievable riches, and distributing these stories via email .|
|medicine||Gregg A. Miller||United States||from Oak Grove, Missouri, for the invention of Neuticles (in German about "castrodes"), d. H. Prostheses for dog testicles in three sizes and three degrees of hardness.|
|physics||John Mainstone and Thomas Parnell||from the University of Queensland for the continuous observation of dripping tar since 1927 - one drop per nine years, nine drops so far, the last one fell in 2014.|
|Fluid mechanics||Victor Benno Meyer-Rochow from Jacobs University Bremen (formerly International University Bremen) and the University of Oulu ; and Jozsef Gal from Loránd Eötvös University , Hungary||
Germany Finland Hungary
||for the application of physical laws to calculate the pressure conditions in penguins who feces .|
|business||Gauri Nanda||from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology for inventing a rolling and repeatedly self-hiding alarm clock . ( Clocky )|
|Acoustics||D. Lynn Halpern of Harvard Vanguard Medical Associates, Brandeis University and Northwestern University , Randolph Blake of Vanderbilt University and Northwestern University, and James Hillenbrand of Western Michigan University and Northwestern University||for experiments to elucidate the reasons why people do not like to hear the sound of fingernails scratching over blackboards .|
|biology||Bart Knols from Wageningen University , Netherlands and the National Institute for Medical Research in Ifakara , Tanzania and the International Atomic Energy Agency in Vienna, and Ruurd de Jong from Wageningen University and Santa Maria degli Angeli, Italy||for the proof that female mosquitoes ( Anopheles gambiae) which transmit malaria are attracted to Limburg cheese in the same way as to the smell of human feet.|
|chemistry||Antonio Mulet, José Javier Benedito and José Bon from the Polytechnic University of Valencia , Spain and Carmen Rosselló from the University of the Balearic Islands in Palma , Spain||Spain||for their study Speed of Ultrasonic Waves in Cheddar Cheese under the Influence of Temperature.|
|nourishment||Wasmia Al-Houty from Kuwait University and Faten Al-Mussalam from the Kuwait Environment Public Authority||for proof that dung beetles are foodies.|
|peace||Howard Stapleton||of Merthyr Tydfil , Wales, for inventing a device that emits high-frequency tones that can only be heard by young people, not adults, and for later using this technology to generate telephone ring tones , also only used by young people, not their teachers be heard.|
|literature||Daniel Oppenheimer||from Princeton University for his report Consequences of Erudite Vernacular Utilized Irrespective of Necessity: Problems with Using Long Words Needlessly on problems with unnecessarily using long words.|
|mathematics||Nic Svenson and Piers Barnes||by the Australian Commonwealth Scientific and Research Organization, for calculating the number of photos that must be taken to ensure that (almost) nobody in a group has their eyes closed.|
|medicine||Francis M. Fesmire||from the University of Tennessee , College of Medicine, for its medical case report, Ending Untreatable Hiccups with Rectal Finger Massage, and Majed Odeh, Harry Bassan, and Arie Olives of Bnai Zion Medical Center, Haifa , Israel , for their subsequent case report, which is under the same title appeared.|
|Ornithology||Ivan R. Schwab from the University of California, Davis and Philip RA May d. Ä. from the University of California, Los Angeles||for answering the important question why woodpeckers don't get headaches.|
|physics||Basile Audoly and Sebastien Neukirch||from the University of Pierre and Marie Curie in Paris , for their insights into the phenomenon that when bent , dry spaghetti usually breaks into more than two pieces.|
|biology||Johanna van Bronswijk||Netherlands||for carrying out a census of all mites, insects, spiders, ferns and fungi that (so the title of the study) inhabit "our beds" ( for doing a census of all the mites, insects, spiders, pseudoscorpions, crustaceans, bacteria, algae , ferns and fungi with whom we share our beds each night. )|
|chemistry||Mayu Yamamoto||Japan||for developing a method for extracting vanilla scent from cow dung.|
|nourishment||Brian Wansink||from Cornell University for exploring the limits of human appetite by feeding volunteers with a self-refilling, bottomless soup bowl.|
|peace||Wright Laboratory of the US Air Force||because it had stimulated research into chemical weapons that would make opposing troops gay (see also Sex Bomb ).|
|linguistics||A team from the University of Barcelona||for demonstrating that rats are unable to distinguish a person who speaks Japanese backwards from a person who speaks Dutch backwards.|
|literature||Glenda Browne||from Blaxland ( Blue Mountains , Australia) for her study of the word " the " and how it confuses people to put things in alphabetical order.|
|aviation||A team from the University of Quilmes , Argentina||for discovering that Viagra is helping hamsters recover from jet lag .|
|medicine||Brian Witcombe of the Gloucestershire Royal NHS Foundation Trust and Dan Meyer||for their exploratory work on the health consequences of swallowing a saber .|
|physics||A US-Chilean team||which examined the problem of how sheets are wrinkled.|
|business||Kuo Cheng Hsieh||Taiwan||for the development of an apparatus which catches bank robbers by dropping a net over them.|
|archeology||Astolfo Gomes de Mello Araujo and Jose Carlos Marcelino||for their experimental evidence that armadillos can mess up archaeological sites.|
|biology||Marie-Christine Cadiergues, Christel Joubert and Michel Franc||for discovering that dog fleas jump higher than fleas that live on cats.|
|chemistry||Sheree Umpierre, Joseph Hill and Deborah Anderson||for her discovery that Coca-Cola is an effective spermicide , and|
|CY Hong, CC Shieh, P. Wu, and BN Chiang||for their proof that it isn't.|
|nourishment||Massimiliano Zampini and Charles Spence||for suggesting that potato chips appear fresher and crisper if they sound more appealing or louder when chewed.|
|peace||Swiss Ethics Commission on Biotechnology and the Citizens of Switzerland||Switzerland||for the development of a legal principle that says that plants have dignity .|
|Cognitive sciences||Toshiyuki Nakagaki, Hiroyasu Yamada, Ryo Kobayashi, Atsushi Tero, Akio Ishiguro and Agota Toth||for pointing out that slime molds can cross a maze.|
|literature||David Sims||for his study: Du Bastard: A Narrative Exploration of Outrage in Organizations.|
Israel United States
||for demonstrating that expensive placebos work better than cheap ones.|
|physics||Dorian Raymer and Douglas Smith||for their proof that piles of thread or hair get tangled one way or another.|
|business||Geoffrey Miller, Joshua Tybur and Brent Jordan||because they showed that the tips of erotic dancers depend on the menstrual cycle and that they are highest when the dancer is most fertile.|
|biology||Fumiaki Taguchi, Song Guofu and Zhang Guanglei||Japan||from Kitasato University in Sagamihara (Japan) for demonstrating that the use of bacteria from the feces of giant pandas can reduce the mass of kitchen waste by more than 90%.|
|chemistry||Javier Morales, Miguel Apatiga and Victor M. Castano||of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (Mexico) for the production of diamonds from liquids, especially from tequila.|
|peace||Stephan Bolliger, Steffen Ross, Lars Oesterhelweg, Michael Thali and Beat Kneubuehl||of the University of Bern (Switzerland) for the experimental investigation of the question of whether it is better to have a full or an empty beer bottle smashed on the head. The result: you get head trauma in both cases, but the full bottle is less serious for your health, as it breaks earlier.|
|Bless you||Elena N. Bodnar, Raphael C. Lee and Sandra Marijan||United States||from Chicago (USA) for the development of a bra that can be converted into two breathing masks in an emergency so that they are always at hand.|
|literature||Irish Police||Ireland||for issuing more than 50 tickets for Mr. Prawo Jazdy, the country's biggest traffic offender, whose name is the Polish term for “driver's license”.|
|mathematics||Gideon Gono||Zimbabwe||Director of the Central Bank of Zimbabwe, for an "easy and everyday way" to practice using numbers from a wide range of numbers, by issuing notes from one cent ($ 0.01) to one hundred trillion Zimbabwean dollars ( $ 100,000,000,000).|
|medicine||Donald L. Unger||United States||from California (USA) for the investigation of whether daily finger-cracking for 60 years causes arthritis in the hand. For 60 years he regularly cracked the fingers of his left hand, but not his right hand. He didn't get arthritis in either hand.|
|physics||Katherine K. Whitcome from the University of Cincinnati , Daniel E. Lieberman from Harvard University, and Liza J. Shapiro from the University of Texas||United States||for the arithmetic reason why pregnant women do not tip over in front.|
|Veterinary medicine||Catherine Douglas and Peter Rowlinson||United Kingdom||from Newcastle University (United Kingdom) for demonstrating that cows with individual names produce an average of 250 liters more milk per year than cows without names.|
|business||The management of the four Icelandic banks ( Kaupthing Bank , Landsbanki , Glitnir and Icelandic Central Bank )||Iceland||for their demonstration that small financial institutions can be converted into large financial institutions very quickly, that this process is reversible and that the same applies to entire economies.|
|biology||Libiao Zhang, Min Tan, Guangjian Zhu, Jianping Ye, Tiyu Hong, Shanyi Zhou and Shuyi Zhang from China and Gareth Jones from the University of Bristol (United Kingdom)||for the scientific documentation of oral sex in fruit bats .|
|chemistry||Eric Adams from MIT , Scott Socolofsky from Texas A&M University , Stephen Masutani from the University of Hawaii, and BP||for refuting the ancient belief that oil and water do not mix .|
|peace||Richard Stephens, John Atkins and Andrew Kingston||from Keele University (United Kingdom) for confirming the widespread belief that swearing relieves pain.|
|Bless you||Manuel Barbeito, Charles Mathews and Larry Taylor||from the Industrial Health and Safety Office, Fort Detrick , Maryland (USA) for experimental evidence that microbes cling to bearded scientists.|
|engineering||Karina Acevedo-Whitehouse and Agnes Rocha-Gosselin from the London Zoological Society (United Kingdom) and Diane Gendron from the Instituto Politécnico Nacional , Baja California Sur (Mexico)||for perfecting a method of collecting whale snot with the help of a remote-controlled helicopter .|
|management||Alessandro Pluchino, Andrea Rapisarda and Cesare Garofalo||from the University of Catania (Italy) for mathematically demonstrating that organizations would be more efficient if they promoted employees at random. See: Peter Principle .|
|medicine||Simon Rietveld||from the University of Amsterdam (Netherlands) and Ilja van Beest from the University of Tilburg (Netherlands) for discovering that asthma symptoms can be treated with a roller coaster ride.|
|Economy||The executives and directors of Goldman Sachs , AIG , Lehman Brothers , Bear Stearns , Merrill Lynch and Magnetar Capital||for creating and promoting new ways to invest money - ways to maximize financial return and minimize financial risk to the world economy or part of it.|
|physics||Lianne Parkin, Sheila Williams and Patricia Priest||from the University of Otago (New Zealand) for the demonstration that on icy footpaths in winter people are less likely to slip and fall if they wear socks over their shoes.|
|Transport planning||Toshiyuki Nakagaki, Atsushi Tero, Seiji Takagi, Tetsu Saigusa, Kentaro Ito, Kenji Yumiki, Ryo Kobayashi from Japan, as well as Dan Bebber and Mark Fricker from Great Britain||for using slime mold to determine the optimal route for railroad tracks.|
|biology||Daryll Gwynne and David Rentz||for the discovery that males of the species Julodimorpha bakewelli in Australia only want to mate with brown beer bottles. They consider them to be oversized females and do not let go of them until they drop dead.|
|chemistry||Makoto Imai, Naoki Urushihata, Hideki Tanemura, Yukinobu Tajima, Hideaki Goto, Koichiro Mizoguchi and Junichi Murakami||Japan||for determining the ideal density of wasabi (spicy horseradish) scent to wake up sleeping people in the event of a fire or other emergency situation, and for using this knowledge to develop the wasabi alarm.|
|peace||Artūras Zuokas||Lithuania||the Mayor of Vilnius, Lithuania, for proving that the problem of illegally parked luxury cars can be solved by rolling over them with tanks.|
|literature||John Perry||United States||from Stanford University for his "Structured Procrastination" theory, which states, "To be a high-flyer, always work on something important to avoid doing something that is more important."|
|mathematics||Dorothy Martin (USA) (she predicted the world would end in 1954), Pat Robertson (USA) (he predicted the world would end in 1982), Elizabeth Clare Prophet (USA) (she predicted the world would end in 1990), Lee Jang Rim from South Korea (he predicted the world would end in 1992), Credonia Mwerinde from Uganda (she predicted the world would end in 1999) and Harold Camping (USA) (he predicted the World would end on September 6, 1994, and later predicted the world would end on October 21, 2011)||
United States South Korea Uganda
||for teaching the world to be careful when making mathematical assumptions and calculations.|
|medicine||Mirjam Tuk, Debra Trampe and Luk Warlop and together Matthew Lewis, Peter Snyder, Robert Feldman, Robert Pietrzak, David Darby and Paul Maruff||for showing that people make better decisions about some kinds of things - but worse decisions about other things - when they have a strong urge to urinate.|
|public safety||John Senders||Canada||from the University of Toronto, Canada, for conducting a series of safety experiments in which a person is driving a car on a freeway with a visor dropping repeatedly on their face and blocking their view.|
|physics||Philippe Perrin, Cyril Perrot, Dominique Deviterne, Bruno Ragaru and Herman Kingma||for trying to find out why discus throwers get dizzy and hammer throwers don't, in their paper: "Dizziness in discus throwers is related to motion sickness caused by turning".|
|physiology||Anna Wilkinson, Natalie Sebanz, Isabella Mandl and Ludwig Huber||
United Kingdom Austria United States
||for their study at the University of Harvard "No evidence of contagious yawning in the red-footed giant tortoise Geochelone carbonaria".|
|psychology||Karl Halvor Teigen||Norway||from the University of Oslo, Norway, for trying to understand why people sigh in everyday life.|
|Acoustics||Kazutaka Kurihara and Koji Tsukada||Japan||for the development of the SpeechJammer - a machine that silences people by playing their own spoken word to them with little delay.|
|anatomy||Frans de Waal and Jennifer Pokorny||
Netherlands United States
||for their proof that chimpanzees can recognize their conspecifics by photos of their rear end.|
||for solving the riddle of why people's hair turned green in certain houses in Anderslöv, Sweden.|
|peace||The Russian SKN Company||Russia||for turning old Russian ammunition into new diamonds.|
|literature||The US Government General Accountability Office||United States||for the publication of a report on reports on reports recommending the preparation of a report on reports on reports.|
|medicine||Emmanuel Ben-Soussan and Michel Antonietti||France||for their instructions on how to have a colonoscopy to reduce the likelihood of the patient bursting during the process.|
|Neuroscience||Craig Bennett, Abigail Baird, Michael Miller and George Wolford||United States||for their proof that brain researchers can use complicated instruments and simple statistics to demonstrate relevant brain function everywhere - even in dead salmon.|
|physics||Joseph B. Keller , Raymond Goldstein, Patrick Warren and Robin Ball||
United States United Kingdom
||for their calculation of the balance of forces that determine the shape and movement of a human ponytail .|
|psychology||Anita Eerland, Rolf Zwaan and Tulio Guadalupe||
Netherlands Peru Russia
||for their study "The Eiffel Tower looks smaller when you lean to the left."|
|Fluid mechanics||Rouslan Krechetnikov and Hans Mayer||
United States Russia Canada
||for their work on sloshing. They discovered what happens when someone walks with a cup of coffee in hand.|
|archeology||Brian Crandall and Peter Stahl||the dead shrews boiled, swallowed without chewing and used their own excrement to prove which bones dissolve in the human digestive system and which do not.|
|Astronomy and biology||Marie Dacke, Emily Baird, Marcus Byrne, Clarke Scholtz and Eric Warrant||for an experiment that showed that stray dung beetles can orient themselves on the Milky Way on the way home.|
|chemistry||Shinsuke Imai, Nobuaki Tsuge, Muneaki Tomotake, Yoshiaki Nagatome, Toshiyuki Nagata and Hidehiko Kumgai||for their discovery that the biochemical processes that cause people to cry while chopping onions are even more complicated than science previously believed.|
|peace||Belarus and its President||for the ban on applauding in public and the Belarusian police who arrested a one-armed man for applauding in public.|
|medicine||Masateru Uchiyama, Xiangyuan Jin, Qi Zhang, Toshihito Hirai, Atsushi Amano, Hisashi Bashuda and Masanori Niimi||for their study measuring the effects of classical music on heart transplant mice.|
|Public health system||Kasian Bhanganada, Tu Chayavatana, Chumporn Pongnumkul, Anunt Tonmukayakul, Piyasakol Sakolsatayadorn, Krit Komaratal and Henry Wilde||for the surgical techniques published in the paper “Surgical Management of an Epidemic of Penile Amputations in Siam”. They recommended various techniques - except for cases where the penis was partially eaten by a duck.|
|physics||Alberto Minetti, Yuri Ivanenko, Germana Cappellini, Nadia Dominici and Francesco Lacquaniti||for her discovery that some people could walk on water if they and the water were on the moon.|
|psychology||Laurent Bègue, Oulmann Zerhouni, Baptiste Subra, Medhi Ourabah and Brad Bushman||for an experiment that showed that people who believe they are drunk also believe they are attractive.|
|Security technology||Gustano Pizzo († 2006)||for his electromechanical system, with which the hijackers fall through a trapdoor into a box, which is then parachuted to the ground, where the police are supposed to wait.|
|Probability theory||Bert Tolkamp, Marie Haskell, Fritha Langford, David Roberts and Colin Morgan||for their discovery that on the one hand the probability that a cow gets up increases with the time it has already been lying down, but on the other hand it is not easy to predict when it will lie down again|
|Arctic research||Eigil Reimers, Sindre Eftestøl||Norway||for studying the reaction of reindeer to humans disguised as polar bears.|
|biology||Vlastimil Hart, Petra Nováková, Erich Pascal Malkemper, Sabine Begall, Vladimír Hanzal, Miloš Ježek, Tomáš Kušta, Veronika Němcová, Jana Adámková, Kateřina Benediktová, Jaroslav Červený and Hynek Burda||for their thorough demonstration that dogs prefer to orient themselves along the earth's magnetic field when urinating and defecating.|
|nourishment||Raquel Rubio, Anna Jofré, Belén Martín, Teresa Aymerich, Margarita Garriga||for their study entitled "Characterization of Lactic Acid Bacteria Isolated from Infant Faeces as Potential Probiotic Starter Cultures for Fermented Sausages." (“Characterization of lactic acid bacteria from the stool of infants as potential probiotic starter cultures for fermented sausage products”).|
|Arts||Marina de Tommaso, Michele Sardaro, Paolo Livrea||for measuring the sensation of pain while the subjects are looking at ugly (or beautiful) pictures and at the same time a powerful laser is pointed at the palm of their hand.|
|medicine||Ian Humphreys, Sonal Saraiya, Walter Belenky, James Dworkin||for her tamponade of insatiable nosebleeds with strips of cured pork.|
|Neuroscience||Jiangang Liu, Jun Li, Lu Feng, Ling Li, Jie Tian, Kang Lee||for trying to understand what's going on in the brains of people who see the face of Jesus on a toast.|
|Public health system||Jaroslav Flegr, Jan Havlíček, Jitka Hanušova-Lindova, David Hanauer, Naren Ramakrishnan, Lisa Seyfried||for examining whether owning a cat is bad for the mind|
|physics||Kiyoshi Mabuchi, Kensei Tanaka, Daichi Uchijima, Rina Sakai||for measuring the friction between the sole of the shoe and the banana peel or between the banana peel and the floor when someone steps on a banana peel on the floor|
|psychology||Peter K. Jonason, Amy Jones, Minna Lyons||for collecting evidence that people who stay up late are, on average, more conceited, more manipulative and more psychopathic than those who get up early|
|business||ISTAT||Italy||for demonstrating that Italy leads the way in meeting European targets for economic growth - when income from prostitution, drug trafficking, smuggling and illegal financial transactions are included.|
|biology||Bruno Grossi, Omar Larach, Mauricio Canals, Rodrigo A. Vasquez, Jose Iriarte-Diaz||
Chile United States
||for their observation that chickens walk in a manner similar to dinosaurs when a weighted stick is attached to their rump.|
|chemistry||Callum Ormond, Colin Raston, Tom Yuan, Stephan Kudlacek, Sameeran Kunche, Joshua N. Smith, William A. Brown, Kaitlin Pugliese, Tivoli Olsen, Mariam Iftikhar and Gregory Weiss||
Australia United States
||for inventing a chemical recipe to partially decoil an egg. → denaturation|
|Diagnostic medicine||Diallah Karim, Anthony Harnden, Nigel D'Souza, Andrew Huang, Abdel Kader Allouni, Helen Ashdown, Richard J. Stevens and Simon Kreckler||
Canada United Kingdom New Zealand United States Bahrain Belgium United Arab Emirates India South Africa People's Republic of China Syria
||can be diagnosed reliably for their evidence that acute appendicitis by the amount of pain felt by the patient, if it over a speed bump runs.|
|literature||Mark Dingemanse, Francisco Torreira, and Nick J. Enfield||
Netherlands United States Spain Belgium Canada Australia
||for discovering that the word “huh?” (or its equivalent) appears to exist in any human language - and for not being sure why it is.|
|management||Gennaro Bernile, Vineet Bhagwat, P. Raghavendra Rau||
Italy Singapore United States India France Luxembourg Germany Japan
||for recognizing that many business leaders acquire risk-taking in their childhood when they experience natural disasters (such as earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, tsunamis and forest fires) that have no serious personal consequences for them.|
|mathematics||Elisabeth Oberzaucher , Karl Grammer||
Austria Germany United Kingdom
||for their attempt to use mathematical methods to find out whether and how Moulai Ismael, the bloodthirsty , the Sharif emperor of Morocco , had managed to father 888 children from 1697 to 1727.|
|medicine||Hajime Kimata, Jaroslava Durdiakova, Peter Celec, Natalia Kamodyova, Tatiana Sedlackova, Gabriela Repiska, Barbara Sviezena, Gabriel Minarik||
Japan People's Republic of China Slovakia United States United Kingdom Germany
||for experiments investigating the biomedical benefits and consequences of intense kissing (and other intimate interpersonal activities).|
|physics||Patricia Yang, David Hu, Jonathan Pham, Jerome Cho||
United States Taiwan
||for the investigation of the biological principle that almost all mammals empty their bladder within 21 seconds - plus / minus 13 seconds.|
|Physiology and Entomology||Justin O. Schmidt||
United States Canada
||for his laborious compilation of the Schmidt Sting Pain Index , which describes the relative pain after the sting of different insect species|
|Michael L. Smith||
Panama United States United Kingdom Netherlands
||for his meticulous work with honey bees , in which he repeatedly had himself stabbed on 25 different parts of the body to find out which stabbed areas were least painful (head, tip of the middle toe, upper arm) and which were most painful (nostril, upper lip and penile shaft ).|
|business||Bangkok Metropolitan Police||Thailand||which offers their police officers additional compensation in the event that they refrain from accepting bribes .|
|biology||Charles Foster||United Kingdom||for its life in the wild as a badger, otter, deer, fox and bird at different times|
|Thomas Thwaites||United Kingdom||for creating prosthetic extensions of his limbs that would allow him to move like goats and wander around with them on hills.|
|chemistry||Volkswagen||Germany||for solving the problem of excessive emissions from cars through automatic, electromechanical generation of lower emissions when the vehicles are tested.|
|Reproduction||Ahmed Shafik (†)||Egypt||for researching the effects of wearing polyester, cotton and wool pants on the love life of rats and conducting similar tests with men.|
|peace||Gordon Pennycook, James Allan Cheyne, Nathaniel Barr, Derek Koehler and Jonathan Fugelsang||
Canada United States
||for their scientific investigation "Perception and detection of pseudo-founded nonsense".|
|literature||Fredrik Sjöberg||Sweden||for his three-volume autobiographical work on the pleasure of collecting dead flies and those that are not yet dead.|
|medicine||Christoph Helmchen, Carina Palzer, Thomas Münte, Silke Anders and Andreas Sprenger||Germany||for discovering that itching on the left side of the body can be relieved by looking in a mirror and scratching the right side of the body (and vice versa).|
|Perception||Atsuki Higashiyama and Kohei Adachi||Japan||for researching whether things look different when you lean forward and watch them through your own legs.|
|physics||Gábor Horváth, Miklós Blahó, György Kriska, Ramón Hegedüs, Balázs Gerics, Róbert Farkas, Susanne Åkesson, Péter Malik and Hansruedi Wildermuth||
Hungary Spain Sweden Switzerland
||for discovering why white-haired horses are the most brake-resistant horses, and for discovering why dragonflies are fatally attracted to black tombstones.|
|psychology||Evelyne Debey, Maarten De Schryver, Gordon Logan, Kristina Suchotzki and Bruno Verschuere||
Belgium Netherlands Germany Canada United States
||for asking 1,000 liars how often they lie and deciding whether to believe their answers.|
|business||Mark Avis, Sarah Forbes and Shelagh Ferguson||
New Zealand United Kingdom
||for assessing the perceived personality of rock from a sales and marketing perspective.|
|anatomy||James Heathcote||United Kingdom||for his medical study "Why do old men have big ears?"|
|biology||Kazunori Yoshizawa, Rodrigo Ferreira, Yoshitaka Kamimura and Charles Lienhard||
Japan Brazil Switzerland
||for her discovery of a female penis and a male vagina in a cave insect ( neotrogla )|
|nourishment||Fernanda Ito, Enrico Bernard and Rodrigo Torres||
Brazil Canada Spain
||for the first scientific investigation into the importance of human blood in the diet of the comb-tooth vampire|
|peace||Milo Puhan, Alex Suarez, Christian Lo Cascio, Alfred Zahn, Markus Heitz and Otto Brändli||
Switzerland Canada Netherlands United States
||for demonstrating that regular didgeridoo play is an effective treatment for obstructive sleep apnea and snoring|
|Obstetrics||Marisa López-Teijón, Álex García-Faura, Alberto Prats-Galino and Luis Pallarés Aniorte||Spain||for demonstrating that a growing human fetus reacts more strongly to music that is played electromechanically in the mother's vagina than when it is played over loudspeakers on the mother's stomach|
|medicine||Jean-Pierre Royet, David Meunier, Nicolas Torquet, Anne-Marie Mouly and Tao Jiang||
France United Kingdom
||for the application of functional magnetic resonance imaging to determine the extent of aversion that people feel for cheese|
France Singapore United States
||for the application of fluid mechanics to the study of whether a cat can be both a solid and a liquid|
|Fluid mechanics||Jiwon Han||
South Korea United States
||for his study of the dynamics of sloshing in a person moving backwards with a cup of coffee|
|perception||Matteo Martini, Ilaria Bufalari, Maria Antonietta Stazi and Salvatore Maria Aglioti||
Italy Spain United Kingdom
||for demonstrating that many identical twins cannot visually distinguish one another|
|business||Matthew Rockloff and Nancy Greer||
Australia United States
||for her experiments on how contact with a living crocodile affects willingness to gamble|
|anthropology||Tomas Persson, Gabriela-Alina Sauciuc and Elainie Madsen||
Sweden Romania Denmark Netherlands Germany United Kingdom Indonesia Italy
||for proving that chimpanzees in the zoo imitate people just as often and just as well as vice versa.|
|biology||Paul Becher, Sebastien Lebreton, Erika Wallin, Erik Hedenstrom, Felipe Borrero-Echeverry, Marie Bengtsson, Volker Jörger and Peter Witzgall||
Sweden Colombia Germany France Switzerland
||for proof that wine connoisseurs can reliably smell a single fly in a wine glass.|
|chemistry||Paula Romão, Adília Alarcão and César Viana||Portugal||for measuring whether spit is suitable as a cleaning agent.|
Zimbabwe Tanzania United Kingdom
||for his calculation that a human cannibal diet contains significantly fewer calories than most traditional meat-based diets.|
|peace||Francisco Alonso, Cristina Esteban, Andrea Serge, Maria-Luisa Ballestar, Jaime Sanmartín, Constanza Calatayud and Beatriz Alamar||
||for measuring the frequency, motivation and effects of screaming and cursing while driving.|
|literature||Thea Blackler, Rafael Gomez, Vesna Popovic and M. Helen Thompson||
Australia El Salvador United Kingdom
||for proving that most people who use complicated products do not read the manual.|
|medicine||Marc Mitchell and David Wartinger||United States||for trying to speed up the passage of kidney stones by means of roller coaster rides.|
|Medical teaching||Akira Horiuchi||Japan||for his report "Colonoscopy while sitting: What can be learned from a self-colonoscopy."|
|Reproductive medicine||John Barry, Bruce Blank and Michel Boileau||
United States Japan Saudi Arabia Egypt India Bangladesh
||for the use of stamps as a test of whether the male sexual organ is still functioning properly: "Nocturnal Penile Tumescence Monitoring With Stamps."|
|business||Lindie Hanyu Liang, Douglas Brown, Huiwen Lian, Samuel Hanig, D. Lance Ferris, and Lisa Keeping||
Canada People's Republic of China Singapore United States
||for her investigation into whether the use of voodoo dolls is suitable to repay bosses for their maliciousness.|
|anatomy||Roger Mieusset and Bourras Bengoudifa||France||for her detailed study of the measurement of scrotal temperature asymmetry in naked and clothed postmen in France.|
|biology||Ling-Jun Kong, Herbert Crepaz, Agnieszka Górecka, Aleksandra Urbanek, Rainer Dumke and Tomasz Paterek||
Singapore People's Republic of China Australia Poland United States Bulgaria
||for discovering that dead magnetized cockroaches behave differently than live magnetized cockroaches.|
|chemistry||Shigeru Watanabe, Mineko Ohnishi, Kaori Imai, Eiji Kawano and Seiji Igarashi||Japan||for estimating the amount of spit a typical five-year-old child produces per day.|
|peace||Ghada A. bin Saif, Alexandru Papoiu, Liliana Banari, Francis McGlone, Shawn G. Kwatra, Yiong-Huak Chan and Gil Yosipovitch||
United Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Singapore United States
||for trying to measure the feeling of well-being when scratching an itchy part of the body.|
|engineering||Iman Farahbakhsh||Iran||for the invention of a baby changing machine.|
||for gathering evidence that pizza protects against disease and death. Provided it is made and eaten in Italy.|
|Medical teaching||Karen Pryor and Theresa McKeon||United States||for the use of clicker training in the training of surgeons.|
|physics||Patricia Yang, Alexander Lee, Miles Chan, Alynn Martin, Ashley Edwards, Scott Carver, and David Hu||
United States Taiwan Australia New Zealand Sweden United Kingdom
||for research on how and why wombats drop cube-shaped feces.|
|psychology||Fritz Strack||Germany||for his discovery that holding a pencil between their teeth makes people smile and happier ( facial feedback hypothesis ) and that this effect does not occur when the pencil is held between their lips. And for repeat examinations that showed exactly the opposite (see replication crisis ).|
|business||Habip Gedik, Timothy A. Voss and Andreas Voss||
Turkey Netherlands Germany
||for a study of which paper money from which country is the best to spread dangerous bacteria.|
|Acoustics||Stephan Reber, Takeshi Nishimura, Judith Janisch, Mark Robertson, Tecumseh Fitch||
Austria Sweden Japan United States Switzerland
||for their experiment in which they made a female Chinese alligator roar in an airtight chamber containing air enriched with helium|
|psychology||Miranda Giacomin, Nicholas Rule||
Canada United States
||for developing a method of identifying narcissists by examining their eyebrows|
|peace||Governments of India and Pakistan||
||for the reciprocal bells of their diplomats in the middle of the night|
|physics||Ivan Maksymov, Andriy Pototsky||
Australia Ukraine France Italy Germany United Kingdom South Africa
||for experimental evidence, which with the shape of a living earthworm happens when this high frequency oscillation added|
|business||Christopher Watkins, Juan David Leongómez, Jeanne Bovet, Agnieszka Żelaźniewicz, Max Korbmacher, Marco Antônio Corrêa Varella, Ana Maria Fernandez, Danielle Wagstaff, Samuela Bolgan||
United Kingdom Poland France Brazil Chile Colombia Australia Italy Norway
||for trying to quantify the relationship between the national income inequality of different countries and the average number of mouth-to-mouth kisses|
|management||Xi Guang-An, Mo Tian-Xiang, Yang Kang-Sheng, Yang Guang-Sheng, Ling Xian-Si||People's Republic of China||the five contract killers , for the conclusion of a total of four subcontracts, each with withholding part of the fee, without actually carrying out the murder|
|entomology||Richard Vetter||United States||for collecting evidence that many entomologists (entomologist) afraid of spiders because they are not insects have|
|medicine||Nienke Vulink, Damiaan Denys, Arnoud van Loon||
||for diagnosing misophonia , a long-unrecognized medical condition that causes sick people to become distressed when hearing other people's chewing noises|
Jair Bolsonaro ,
Boris Johnson ,
Narendra Modi ,
Andrés Manuel López Obrador ,
Alexander Lukashenko ,
Donald Trump ,
Recep Tayyip Erdoğan ,
Vladimir Putin ,
Brazil United Kingdom India Mexico Belarus United States Turkey Russia Turkmenistan
||for harnessing the COVID-19 pandemic to show the world that politicians can have a more immediate impact on life and death than scientists and doctors|
|Materials science||Metin Eren, Michelle Bebber, James Norris, Alyssa Perrone, Ashley Rutkoski, Michael Wilson, Mary Ann Raghanti||
United States United Kingdom
||for demonstrating that knives made from frozen human excrement do not work well.|
|biology||Susanne Schötz, Robert Eklund||
||for her work on communication between cats and humans.|
|ecology||Leila Satari, Alba Guillén, Àngela Vidal-Verdú, Manuel Porcar||
||for comparing the bacteriomas in the chewing gum stains on the streets of different countries.|
|chemistry||Jörg Wicker, Nicolas Krauter, Bettina Derstroff, Christof Stönner, Efstratios Bourtsoukidis, Achim Edtbauer, Jochen Wulf, Thomas Klüpfel, Stefan Kramer, Jonathan Williams||
Germany United Kingdom New Zealand Greece Cyprus Austria
||for examining the air in the cinema after the performance and trying to prove how much violence, sex , antisocial behavior, drug use and swearing was shown.|
France Switzerland Australia Austria Czech Republic United Kingdom
||for discovering that the preponderance of politicians can serve as an indicator of corruption in the country.|
|medicine||Olcay Cem Bulut, Dare Oladokun, Burkard Lippert, Ralph Hohenberger||
Germany Turkey United Kingdom
||for her proof that an orgasm works just as well as nasal decongestants as nasal spray.|
|peace||Ethan Beseris, Steven Naleway, David Carrier||United States||for her test of the hypothesis that beards developed in humans because they protect those who wear them from being hit in the face.|
|physics||Alessandro Corbetta, Jasper Meeusen, Chung-min Lee, Roberto Benzi and Federico Toschi||
Netherlands Italy Taiwan United States
||for conducting experiments to find out why pedestrians don't constantly collide with other pedestrians.|
|kinetics||Hisashi Murakami, Claudio Feliciani, Yuta Nishiyama, Katsuhiro Nishinari||
Japan Switzerland Italy
||for conducting experiments to learn why pedestrians sometimes collide.|
|entomology||John Mulrennan, Jr., Roger Grothaus, Charles Hammond, Jay Lamdin||United States||for their work A New Method of Cockroach Control on Submarines .|
|transport||Robin Radcliffe, Mark Jago, Peter Morkel, Estelle Morkel, Pierre du Preez, Piet Beytell, Birgit Kotting, Bakker Manuel, Jan Hendrik du Preez, Michele Miller, Julia Felippe, Stephen Parry, Robin Gleed||
Namibia South Africa Tanzania Zimbabwe Brazil United Kingdom United States
||for the experimental determination of whether rhinos can be safely transported overhead.|
- Improbable Research : Winners of the Ig Nobel Prize. In: improbable.com , accessed on September 13, 2019.
- E. Davenas, F. Beauvais, J. Amara, M. Oberbaum, B. Robinzon, A. Miadonnai, A. Tedeschi, B. Pomeranz, P. Fortner, P. Belon, J. Sainte-Laudy, B. Poitevin , J. Benveniste: Human basophil degranulation triggered by very dilute antiserum against IgE . In: Nature . Volume 333, June 30, 1988, pp. 816-818, PMID 2455231 .
- Yuri Timofeevich Struchkov (1926–1995)
- Стручков Юрий Тимофеевич
- F. Kanda, E. Yagi, M. Fukuda, K. Nakajima, T. Ohta and O. Nakata: Elucidation of Chemical Compounds Responsible for Foot Malodour . In: British Journal of Dermatology . Vol. 122, No. 6, June 1990, pp. 771-776.
- Leslie P. Williams Jr., Kenneth W. Newell: Salmonella Excretion in Joy-Riding Pigs . In: American Journal of Public Health and the Nation's Health . tape 60 , no. 5 , May 1970, ISSN 1541-0048 , p. 926-929 , doi : 10.2105 / AJPH.60.5.926 , PMID 5462567 .
- E. Topol, R. Califf, F. Van de Werf, PW Armstrong et al. An International Randomized Trial Comparing Four Thrombolytic Strategies for Acute Myocardial Infarction . In: The New England Journal of Medicine . Volume 329, No. 10, September 2, 1993, pp. 673-682.
- Robert W. Faid: Gorbachev! Has the Real Antichrist Come? . Victory House, 1988, ISBN 0-932081-19-3 .
- James F. Nolan, Thomas J. Stillwell, John P. Sands, Jr .: Acute Management of the Zipper-Entrapped Penis . In: Journal of Emergency Medicine . Volume 8, No. 3, May / June 1990, pp. 305-307.
- David M. Jacobs: Secret Life. Firsthand, Documented Accounts of UFO Abductions . Touchstone, 1993, ISBN 0-671-79720-4 .
- W. Brian Sweeney, Brian Krafte-Jacobs, Jeffrey W. Britton, Wayne Hansen: The Constipated Serviceman. Prevalence Among Deployed US Troops . In: Military Medicine . 158, August 1993, pp. 346-348, PMID 8414078 .
- Interim Report: Results of the National Demonstration Project To Reduce Violent Crime and Improve Governmental Effectiveness In Washington, DC, June 7 to July 30, 1993 . Institute of Science, Technology and Public Policy, Fairfield, Iowa.
- Robert A. Lopez: Of Mites and Man . In: The Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association . Volume 203, No. 5, September 1, 1993, pp. 606-607, PMID 8407518 .
- Dr. Richard C. Dart, Dr. Richard A. Gustafson: Failure of Electric Shock Treatment for Rattlesnake Envenomation . In: Annals of Emergency Medicine . Volume 20, No. 6, June 1991, pp. 659-661.
- David B. Busch, James R. Starling: Rectal foreign bodies: Case Reports and a Comprehensive Review of the World's Literature . In: Surgery . September 1986, pp. 512-519.
- Marcia E. Bübel, David S. Shannahoff-Khalsa, Michael R. Boyle: The Effects of Unilateral Forced Nostril Breathing on Cognition . In: International Journal of Neuroscience , Volume 57, 1991, pp. 239-249, PMID 1938166 .
- Martha Kold Bakkevig, Ruth Nielson: Impact of Wet Underwear on Thermoregulatory Responses and Thermal Comfort in the Cold . In: Ergonomics . Volume 37, No. 8, August 1994, pp. 1375-1389, PMID 7925261 .
- DMR Georget, R. Parker and AC Smith: A Study of the Effects of Water Content on the Compaction Behavior of Breakfast Cereal Flakes . In: Powder Technology . Volume 81, No. 2, November 1994, pp. 189-196.
- Shigeru Watanabe, Junko Sakamoto, Masumi Wakita: Pigeons' Discrimination of Paintings by Monet and Picasso . In: Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior . Volume 63, 1995, pp. 165-174, PMC 1334394 (free full text)
- Robert H. Beaumont: Patient Preference for Waxed or Unwaxed Dental Floss . In: Journal of Periodontology . Vol. 61, No. 2, February 1990, pp. 123-125, PMID 2313529 .
- Chonosuke Okamura: Series Reports of the Okamura Fossil Laboratory . Okamura Fossil Laboratory in Nagoya, 1970s and 1980s.
- Anders Barheim and Hogne Sandvik: Effect of Ale, Garlic, and Soured Cream on the Appetite of Leeches . In: BMJ (British Medical Journal) . Volume 309, 24.-31. December 1994, p. 1689.
- Youtube video of the world record attempt
- Alan Sokal : Transgressing the Boundaries: Toward a Transformative Hermeneutics of Quantum Gravity . In: Social Text . Spring / Summer 1996, pp. 217-252.
- Nicotine and Cigarettes . Hearing of the House Energy & Commerce Committee Subcomitee on Health and the Environment. April 14, 1994.
- Ellen Kleist and Harald Moi: Transmission of Gonorrhea Through an Inflatable Doll . In: Genitourinary Medicine . Volume 69, No. 4, August 1993, p. 322.
- Robert Matthews: Tumbling toast, Murphy's Law and the fundamental constants . In: European Journal of Physics . Volume 16, No. 4, July 18, 1995, pp. 172-176.
- Richard C. Hoagland: The Monuments of Mars. A City on the Edge of Forever . North Atlantic Books, Berkeley 1996, ISBN 1-883319-30-7 .
- T. Yagyu et al .: Chewing gum flavor affects measures of global complexity of multichannel EEG. In: Neuropsychobiology . Volume 35, 1997, pp. 46-50, PMID 9018023 .
- Harold Hillman: The Possible Pain Experienced During Execution by Different Methods . ( Memento of April 30, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) In: Perception . Volume 22, 1993, pp. 745-753.
- Mark Hostetler: That Gunk on Your Car. A unique guide to insects of North America . Ten Speed Press, Berkeley, California 1997, ISBN 0-89815-961-X .
- Doron Witztum, Eliyahu Rips and Yoav Rosenberg: Equidistant Letter Sequences in the Book of Genesis . In: Statistical Science . Volume 9, No. 3, 1994, pp. 429-438; Michael Drosnin: The Bible Code . Simon & Schuster, New York 1997, ISBN 0-684-81079-4 .
- Bernard Vonnegut: Chicken Plucking as Measure of Tornado Wind Speed . In: Weatherwise . October 1975, p. 217.
- Peter F. Fong, Peter T. Huminski and Lynette M. D'urso: Induction and Potentiation of Parturition in Fingernail Clams (Sphaerium striatinum) by Selective Serotonin Re-Uptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) . In: Journal of Experimental Zoology . Volume 280, 1998, pp. 260-264.
- Jacques Benveniste, P. Jurgens, W. Hsueh and J. Aissa: Transatlantic Transfer of Digitized Antigen Signal by Telephone Link . In: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology - Program and abstracts of papers to be presented during scientific sessions AAAAI / AAI.CIS Joint Meeting February 21-26, 1997 .
- Mara Sidoli: Farting as a Defense Against Unspeakable Dread . In: Journal of Analytical Psychology . Volume 41, No. 2, 1996, pp. 165-178.
- Caroline Mills, Meirion Llewelyn, David Kelly and Peter Holt: A Man Who Pricked His Finger and Smelled Putrid for 5 Years . In: The Lancet . Volume 348, November 9, 1996, p. 1282.
- Jerald Bain and Kerry Siminoski: The Relationship Among Height, Penile Length, and Foot Size . In: Annals of Sex Research . Volume 6, No. 3, 1993, pp. 231-235.
- Patent US3216423 : Apparatus for facilitating the birth of a child by centrifugal force. Inventors: George G. Blonsky and Charlotte E. Blonsky. ,
- Arvid Vatle: Unyttig om urinprøver . In: Tidsskift for Den norske laegeforening . No. 8, March 20, 1999, p. 1178.
- later published as: Steven Penfold: The social life of donuts. Commodity and community in postwar Canada . Thesis (Ph. D.), York University, 2002.
- Richard Wassersug: On the Comparative Palatability of Some Dry-Season Tadpoles from Costa Rica. In: The American Midland Naturalist. Volume 86, No. 1, July 1971, pp. 101-109.
- Donatella Marazziti, Hagop S. Akiskal, Alessandra Rossi, Giovanni B. Cassano: alteration of the platelet serotonin transporter in romantic love . In: Psychological Medicine. Volume 29, No. 3, May 1999, pp. 741-745.
- Jonathan Wyatt, Gordon McNaughton, William Tullet: The Collapse of Toilets in Glasgow . In: Scottish Medical Journal , Vol. 38, 1993, p. 185, PMID 8146638 .
- Willibrord Weijmar Schultz, Pek van Andel, Eduard Mooyaart, Ida Sabelis: Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Male and Female Genitals During Coitus and Female Sexual Arousal . In: British Medical Journal. Volume 319, 1999, pp. 1596-1600.
- Andre Geim , Michael Berry : Of Flying Frogs and Levitrons . (PDF; 223 kB) In: European Journal of Physics. Volume 18, 1997, pp. 307-313.
- David Dunning, Justin Kruger: Unskilled and Unaware of It. How Difficulties in Recognizing One's Own Incompetence Lead to Inflated Self-Assessments . In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Volume 77, No. 6, December 1999, pp. 1121-1134.
- Chittaranjan Andrade, BS Srihari: A Preliminary Survey of Rhinotillexomania in an Adolescent Sample . In: The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. Vol. 62, No. 6, June 2001, pp. 426-431.
- Peter Barss: Injuries Due to Falling Coconuts . In: The Journal of Trauma. Volume 24, No. 11, 1984, pp. 990-991, PMID 6502774 .
- Lawrence W. Sherman: An Ecological Study of Glee in Small Groups of Preschool Children . In: Child Development , Vol. 46, No. 1, March 1975, pp. 53-61, PMID 1132281 .
- Patent 2001100012 .
- Joel Slemrod, Wojciech Kopczuk: Dying to Save Taxes. Evidence from Estate Tax Returns on the Death Elasticity . National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper No. W8158, March 2001; later published in: Review of Economics and Statistics. Volume 85, No. 2, 2003, pp. 256-265.
- Norma E. Bubier, Charles GM Paxton, Phil Bowers, D. Charles Deeming: Courtship Behavior of Ostriches (Struthio camelus) Towards Humans Under Farming Conditions in Britain . In: British Poultry Science. Volume 39, No. 4, September 1998, pp. 477-481.
- The Wooden Periodic Table Table .
- Vicki Silvers Gier, David S. Kreiner: The Effects of Pre-Existing Inappropriate Highlighting on Reading Comprehension . In: Reading Research and Instruction. Volume 36, No. 3, 1997, pp. 217-223.
- KP Sreekumar, G. Nirmalan: Estimation of the Total Surface Area in Indian Elephants (Elephas maximus indicus) . In: Veterinary Research Communications. Vol. 14, No. 1, 1990, pp. 5-17, PMID 2316192 .
- Chris McManus: Scrotal Asymmetry in Man and in Ancient Sculpture (PDF; 231 kB). In: Nature. 259, February 5, 1976, p. 426.
- Arnd Leike: Demonstration of the Exponential Decay Law Using Beer Froth . In: European Journal of Physics. Volume 23, January 2002, pp. 21-26.
- CW Moeliker: The First Case of homosexual necrophilia in the mallard Anas platyrhynchos (Aves: Anatidae) . In: Deinsea. Volume 8, 2001, pp. 243-247.
- Untitled Document. October 9, 2004, accessed May 24, 2018 .
- Nick T. Spark: The Fastest Man on Earth ( Memento June 3, 2004 in the Internet Archive ). In: Annals of Improbable Research. Volume 9, No. 5, September / October 2003
- Stefano Ghirlanda, Liselotte Jansson, Magnus Enquist: Chickens Prefer Beautiful Humans (PDF; 44 kB). In: Human Nature. Volume 13, No. 3, 2002, pp. 383-389.
- Alice Shirrell Kaswell: Trinkaus. An informal look . In: Annals of Improbable Research. Volume 9, No. 3, May / June 2003.
- Eleanor Maguire, David Gadian, Ingrid Johnsrude, Catriona Good, John Ashburner, Richard Frackowiak, Christopher Frith: Navigation-Related Structural Change In the Hippocampi of Taxi Drivers. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Volume 97, No. 8, April 11, 2000, pp. 4398-4403.
- Jack Harvey, John Culvenor, Warren Payne, Steve Cowley, Michael Lawrance, David Stuart, Robyn Williams: An Analysis of the Forces Required to Drag Sheep over Various Surfaces . In: Applied Ergonomics. Volume 33, No. 6, November 2002, pp. 523-531.
- Gian Vittorio Caprara, Claudio Barbaranelli, Philip Zimbardo: Politicians' Uniquely Simple Personalities. In: Nature. Volume 385, February 1997, p. 493.
- Magnus Wahlberg, Håkan Westerberg: Sounds Produced by Herring (Clupea harengus) Bubble Release. In: Aquatic Living Resources. Volume 16, 2003, pp. 271-275; Ben Wilson, Robert S. Batty, Lawrence M. Dill: Pacific and Atlantic Herring Produce Burst Pulse Sounds . In: Biology Letters. Volume 271, 2003, pp. S95-S97.
- Steven Stack, James Gundlach: The Effect of Country Music on Suicide . In: Social Forces. Volume 71, No. 1, September 1992, pp. 211-218.
- Archived website from aces.uiuc.edu ( memento of October 29, 2005 in the Internet Archive ), accessed on March 27, 2015
- Ramesh Balasubramaniam, Michael T. Turvey: Coordination Modes in the Multisegmental Dynamics of Hula Hooping ( Memento from July 20, 2009 in the Internet Archive ). In: Biological Cybernetics. Volume 90, No. 3, March 2004, pp. 176-190.
- Daniel J. Simons, Christopher F. Chabris: Gorillas in Our Midst ( Memento from April 20, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 291 kB). In: Perception. Volume 28, 1999, pp. 1059-1074.
- Patent US4022227 : Method of concealing partial baldness. Inventors: Frank J. Smith, Donald J. Smith. ,
- Benjamin PC Smith, Craig R. Williams, Michael J. Tyler, Brian D. Williams: A Survey of Frog Odorous Secretions, Their Possible Functions and Phylogenetic Significance ( Memento of July 20, 2008 in the Internet Archive ). In: Applied Herpetology. Volume 2, No. 1-2, February 1, 2004, pp. 47-82; Benjamin PC Smith, Michael J. Tyler, Brian D. Williams, Yoji Hayasaka: Chemical and Olfactory Characterization of Odorous Compounds and Their Precursors in the Parotoid Gland Secretion of the Green Tree Frog, Litoria caerulea. In: Journal of Chemical Ecology. Volume 29, No. 9, September 2003.
- Edward L. Cussler, Brian Gettelfinger: Will Humans Swim Faster or Slower in Syrup? In: American Institute of Chemical Engineers Journal. Volume 50, No. 11, October 2004, pp. 2646-2647.
- F. Claire Rind, Peter J. Simmons: Orthopteran DCMD Neuron. A Reevaluation of Responses to Moving Objects. I. Selective Responses to Approaching Objects . In: Journal of Neurophysiology . Volume 68, No. 5, November 1992, pp. 1654-1666.
- James Watson: The Significance of Mr. Richard Buckley's Exploding Trousers. Reflections on an Aspect of Technological Change in New Zealand Dairy-Farming between the World Wars ( Memento from October 23, 2013 in the Internet Archive ). In: Agricultural History. Volume 78, No. 3, Summer 2004, pp. 346-360.
- Nigerian Fraud Email Gallery .
- Patent US5868140 : Surgical method and apparatus for implantation of a testicular prosthetic device. Inventors: Gregg A. Miller, R. Duane Holder.
- Gregg A. Miller: Going Going NUTS! PublishAmerica, 2004, ISBN 1-4137-5316-7 .
- R. Edgeworth, BJ Dalton, T. Parnell: The Pitch Drop Experiment . In: European Journal of Physics. 1984, pp. 198-200.
- Victor Benno Meyer-Rochow, Jozsef Gal: Pressures Produced When Penguins Pooh. Calculations on Avian Defecation. In: Polar Biology. Volume 27, 2003, pp. 56-58.
- D. Lynn Halpern, Randolph Blake, James Hillenbrand: Psychoacoustics of a Chilling Sound . In: Perception and Psychophysics , Volume 39, 1986, pp. 77-80, PMID 3725541 .
- Beard. GJ Knols: On Human Odor, Malaria Mosquitoes, and Limburger Cheese. In: The Lancet. Volume 348, November 9, 1996, p. 1322, doi: 10.1016 / S0140-6736 (05) 65812-6 .
- BGJ Knols, JJA van Loon, A. Cork, RD Robinson et al .: Behavioral and electrophysiological responses of the female malaria mosquito Anopheles gambiae (Diptera: Culicidae) to Limburger cheese volatiles. In: Bulletin of Entomological Research. Volume 87, 1997, pp. 151-159.
- BGJ Knols, R. De Jong: Limburger Cheese as to attractant for the malaria mosquito Anopheles gambiae ss In: Parasitology Today. Vol. 12, No. 4, 1996, pp. 159-161, doi: 10.1016 / 0169-4758 (96) 10002-8
- R. De Jong, BGJ Knols: Selection of Biting Sites on Man by Two Malaria Mosquito Species. In: Experientia. Volume 51, 1995, pp. 80-84, doi: 10.1007 / BF01964925 .
- Antonio Mulet, José Javier Benedito, José Bon, Carmen Rosselló: Ultrasonic Velocity in Cheddar Cheese as Affected by Temperature. In: Journal of Food Science. Volume 64, No. 6, 1999, pp. 1038-1041, doi: 10.1111 / j.1365-2621.1999.tb12277.x .
- Wasmia Al-Houty, Faten Al-Mussalam: Dung Preference of the Dung Beetle Scarabaeus cristatus Fab (Coleoptera-Scarabaeidae) from Kuwait. In: Journal of Arid Environments. Volume 35, No. 3, 1997, pp. 511-516, doi: 10.1006 / jare.1996.0179 .
- Daniel M. Oppenheimer: Consequences of Erudite Vernacular Utilized Irrespective of Necessity. Problems with Using Long Words Needlessly. In: Applied Cognitive Psychology. Volume 20, No. 2, March 2006, pp. 139-156.
- Nic Svenson, Piers Barnes: Blink-Free Photos, Guaranteed ( Memento of August 19, 2006 in the Internet Archive ). In: Velocity. June 2006 (archived in archive.is).
- Francis M. Fesmire: Termination of Intractable Hiccups with Digital Rectal Massage . In: Annals of Emergency Medicine . Volume 17, No. 8, August 1988, p. 872, PMID 3395000 . Majed Odeh, Harry Bassan, Arie Oliven: Termination of Intractable Hiccups with Digital Rectal Massage . In: Journal of Internal Medicine . Vol. 227, No. 2, February 1990, pp. 145-146, PMID 2299306 . M. Odeh, A. Olives: Hiccups and Digital Rectal Massage. In: Archives of Otolaryngology. Head and Neck Surgery. Volume 119, 1993, p. 1383.
- Ivan R. Schwab: Cure for a Headache . In: British Journal of Ophthalmology. Volume 86, 2002, p. 843. Philip RA May, Joaquin M. Fuster, Paul Newman, Ada Hirschman: Woodpeckers and Head Injury . In: Lancet , Vol. 307, No. 7957, February 28, 1976, pp. 454-455 and Vol. 307, No. 7973, June 19, 1976, pp. 1347-1348, PMID 58330 , PMID 55721 .
- Basile Audoly, Sebastien Neukirch: Fragmentation of Rods by Cascading Cracks. Why Spaghetti Does Not Break in Half (PDF; 375 kB). In: Physical Review Letters. Volume 95, No. 9, August 26, 2005, pp. 95505-1.
- The 2007 Ig Nobel Prize Winners
- Johanna EMH van Bronswijk: Huis, bed en beestjes (PDF; 2.4 MB). In: Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde. Volume 116, No. 20, May 13, 1972, pp. 825-831; Johanna EMH van Bronswijk: Het stof, de mijten en het bed (PDF; 1.9 MB). In: biologists. Volume 53, No. 2, 1973, pp. 22-25; B. van de Lustgraaf, JHHM Klerkx, JEMH van Bronswijk: Autotrophic Organisms in Mattress Dust in the Netherlands. In: Acta Botanica Neerlandica. Vol. 27, No. 2, 1978, pp. 125-128; JEMH van Bronswijk: A Bed Ecosystem. In: Lecture Abstracts. 1st Benelux Congress of Zoology, Leuven, November 4-5, 1994. p. 36.
- Mayu Yamamoto: Novel Production Method for Plant Polyphenol from Livestock Excrement Using Subcritical Water Reaction. International Medical Center of Japan.
- Brian Wansink, James E. Painter, Jill North: Bottomless Bowls. Why Visual Cues of Portion Size May Influence Intake . In: Obesity Research. Volume 13, No. 1, January 2005, pp. 93-100; Brian Wansink: Mindless Eating. Why We Eat More Than We Think. Bantom Books, 2006, ISBN 0-553-80434-0 .
- Harassing, Annoying, and "Bad Guy" Identifying Chemicals ( Memento of October 29, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) (PDF; 1.3 MB). Wright Laboratory, WL / FIVR, Wright Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio, June 1, 1994.
- Juan Manuel Toro, Josep B. Trobalon, Núria Sebastián-Gallés: Effects of Backward Speech and Speaker Variability in Language Discrimination by Rats . In: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Animal Behavior Processes. Volume 31, No. 1, January 2005, pp. 95-100.
- Glenda Browne: The Definite Article. Acknowledging “The” in Index Entries ( memento from January 13, 2010 in the Internet Archive ). In: The Indexer. Volume 22, No. 3 April 2001, pp. 119-122.
- Patricia V. Agostino, Santiago A. Plano, Diego A. Golombek: Sildenafil Accelerates Reentrainment of Circadian Rhythms After Advancing Light Schedules ( Memento of March 7, 2008 in the Internet Archive ). In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Volume 104, No. 23, June 5, 2007, pp. 9834-9839.
- Brian Witcombe, Dan Meyer: Sword Swallowing and Its Side Effects . In: British Medical Journal. Volume 333, December 23, 2006, pp. 1285-1287.
- E. Cerda, K. Ravi-Chandar, L. Mahadevan: Wrinkling of an Elastic Sheet Under Tension. In: Nature. Volume 419, October 10, 2002, pp. 579-580. E. Cerda, L. Mahadevan: Geometry and Physics of Wrinkling . In: Physical Review Letters. Vol. 90, No. 7, February 21, 2003, pp. 074302 / 1-4; E. Cerda, L. Mahadevan, J. Passini: Elements of Draping ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (PDF; 438 kB). In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Volume 101, No. 7, 2004, pp. 1806-1810.
- Patent US6219959 : Net trapping system for capturing a robber immediately. Inventor: Kuo Cheng Hsieh. ,
- Astolfo G. Mello Araujo, José Carlos Marcelino: The Role of Armadillos in the Movement of Archaeological Materials. An experimental approach. In: Geoarchaeology. Volume 18, No. 4, April 2003, pp. 433-460.
- Marie-Christine Cadiergues, Christel Joubert, Michel Franc: A Comparison of Jump Performances of the Dog Flea, Ctenocephalides canis (Curtis, 1826) and the Cat Flea, Ctenocephalides felis felis (Bouche, 1835). In: Veterinary Parasitology. Volume 92, No. 3, October 1, 2000, pp. 239-241, doi: 10.1016 / S0304-4017 (00) 00274-0 .
- Sharee A. Umpierre, Joseph A. Hill, Deborah J. Anderson: Effect of "Coke" on Sperm Motility . In: New England Journal of Medicine , Volume 313, No. 21, 1985, p. 1351, PMID 4058526 . Chuang-Ye Hong, CC Shieh, P. Wu, BN Chiang: The Spermicidal Potency of Coca-Cola and Pepsi-Cola . In: Human Toxicology , Vol. 6, No. 5, September 1987, pp. 395-396, PMID 3679247 .
- Massimiliano Zampini, Charles Spence: The Role of Auditory Cues in Modulating the Perceived Crispness and Staleness of Potato Chips. In: Journal of Sensory Studies. Volume 19, October 2004, pp. 347-363.
- Dignity of the Creature .
- Toshiyuki Nakagaki, Hiroyasu Yamada, Ágota Tóth: Intelligence. Maze-Solving by an Amoeboid Organism . In: Nature. Volume 407, September 2000, p. 470.
- David Sims: You Bastard. A Narrative Exploration of the Experience of Indignation within Organizations ( Memento October 10, 2008 in the Internet Archive ). In: Organization Studies. Volume 26, No. 11, 2005, pp. 1625-1640.
- Rebecca L. Waber, Baba Shiv, Ziv Carmon, Dan Ariely: Commercial Features of Placebo and Therapeutic Efficacy . In: Journal of the American Medical Association. Volume 299, March 5, 2008, pp. 1016-1017.
- Dorian M. Raymer, Douglas E. Smith: Spontaneous Knotting of an Agitated String . In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Volume 104, No. 42, October 16, 2007, pp. 16432-7.
- Geoffrey Miller, Joshua M. Tybur, Brent D. Jordan: Ovulatory Cycle Effects on Tip Earnings by Lap Dancers. Economic Evidence for Human Estrus? In: Evolution and Human Behavior. Volume 28, 2007, pp. 375-381, doi: 10.1016 / j.evolhumbehav.2007.06.002 .
- Klaus Taschner: Why full beer bottles are better for the head. In: The Standard. October 2, 2009, accessed September 10, 2011 .
- Elena N. Bodnar, Raphael C. Lee and Sandra Marijan: Garment device convertible to one or more facemasks United States Patent No. 7255627. 2007
- Donald L. Unger: Does knuckle cracking lead to arthritis of the fingers? In: Arthritis & Rheumatism. 1998, Volume 41 Issue 5, Pages 949 - 950.
- Project Deep Spill ( Memento from October 4, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) on the BOEMRE website .
- DT Gwynne, DCF Rentz: Beetles on the bottle: male buprestids, mistake stubbies for females (Coleoptera). In: Australian Journal of Entomology. 22, 1983, p. 79, doi: 10.1111 / j.1440-6055.1983.tb01846.x .
- Sex with beer bottles , science.orf.at, September 30, 2011
- Eva Zelechowski: “SpeechJammer” silences people. Der Standard , March 3, 2012, accessed October 3, 2012 .
- de Waal, Frans BM; Pokorny, Jennifer J .: Faces and Behinds: Chimpanzee Sex Perception . In: Advanced Science Letters . June 1, 2008, doi : 10.1166 / asl.2008.006 ( ingentaconnect.com ).
- 'New homes' turn Swedes' hair green The Local - Sweden's News in English of December 17, 2011, accessed on October 3, 2012.
- Daniel Lingenhöhl: Swords for diamonds. www.spektrum.de, September 21, 2012, accessed on October 3, 2012 .
- Actions Needed to Evaluate the Impact of Efforts to Estimate Costs of Reports and Studies GAO-12-480R, May 10, 2012
- E. Ben-Soussan, M. Antonietti, G. Savoye, S. Herve, P. Ducrotté, E. Lerebours: Argon plasma coagulation in the treatment of hemorrhagic radiation proctitis is efficient but requires a perfect colonic cleansing to be safe . In: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology , 2004 Nov, 16 (12), pp. 1315-1318, PMID 15618838
- SD Ladas, G. Karamanolis, E. Ben-Soussan: Colonic gas explosion during therapeutic colonoscopy with electrocautery . In: World Journal of Gastroenterology , 2007 Oct 28,13 (40), pp. 5295-5298, PMID 17879396
- Veronika Hackenbroch: cerebral voodoo . In: Der Spiegel . No. 18 , 2011 ( online ).
- Craig M. Bennett, Abigail A. Baird, Michael B. Miller, George L. Wolford: Neural Correlates of Interspecies Perspective Taking in the Post-Mortem Atlantic Salmon: An Argument For Proper Multiple Comparisons Correction , Journal of Serendipitous and Unexpected Results, 1 (1): 1-5 (2010) (PDF; 864 kB) ( Memento from March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive )
- Raymond E. Goldstein, Patrick B. Warren, Robin C. Ball: Shape of a Ponytail and the Statistical Physics of Hair Fiber Bundles. Physical Review Letters, February 13, 2012, accessed October 1, 2012 . doi: 10.1103 / PhysRevLett.108.078101
- Eerland, A .; Guadalupe, TM; Zwaan, RA: Leaning to the Left Makes the Eiffel Tower Seem Smaller . In: Psychological Science . November 28, 2011, doi : 10.1177 / 0956797611420731 ( sagepub.com ).
- How coffee no longer spills over in: Süddeutsche Zeitung , May 7, 2012.
- Rouslan Krechetnikov, Hans C. Mayer: with coffee Walking: Why does it spill? In: Physical Review , 2012, E 85, 046117.
- Dingemanse, Torreira and Enfield (2013): Is “Huh?” a Universal Word? Conversational Infrastructure and the Convergent Evolution of Linguistic Items
- Oberzaucher and Grammer (2014): The Case of Moulay Ismael - Fact or Fancy?
- Why wombats dice puke
- Ring the doorbell and run: How nuclear rivals India, Pakistan harass each other. In: indiatimes.com (March 16, 2018).
- Hesitant hitmen jailed over botched assassination in China. In: bbc.com (October 22, 2019).
- Can Sex Improve Nasal Function? —An Exploration of the Link Between Sex and Nasal Function. Retrieved September 10, 2021 .
- Alessandro Corbetta, Jasper A. Meeusen, Chung-min Lee, Roberto Benzi, Federico Toschi: Physics-based modeling and data representation of pairwise interactions among pedestrians . In: Physical Review E . tape 98 , no. 6 , December 14, 2018, p. 062310 , doi : 10.1103 / PhysRevE.98.062310 ( aps.org [accessed September 10, 2021]).