La Mure

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La Mure
Coat of arms of La Mure
La Mure (France)
La Mure
region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Department Isère
Arrondissement Grenoble
Canton Matheysine-Trièves ( Chef-lieu )
Community association Matheysine
Coordinates 44 ° 54 '  N , 5 ° 47'  E Coordinates: 44 ° 54 '  N , 5 ° 47'  E
height 720-1,204 m
surface 8.33 km 2
Residents 4,948 (January 1, 2017)
Population density 594 inhabitants / km 2
Post Code 38350
INSEE code

Castle of La Mure

La Mure is a French municipality with 4948 inhabitants (at January 1, 2017) in the department of Isère in the region Auvergne Rhône-Alpes .

The origin of the name of La Mure is not fully understood. Recent studies lead him back to the pre-Celtic Mor or Mur , which denotes a rocky knoll or a boulder.


La Mure is 40 kilometers south of Grenoble . The city is located in the middle of the French Alps on the Matheysine plateau 850 meters above sea level.


The first written mention of La Mure dates from 1050.

City center

During the Seventh Huguenot War , La Mure was besieged in 1580 by the troops of the Duke of Mayenne, Charles II. De Lorraine, duc de Mayenne . The 37-day siege cost the lives of around 1,200 of the former 9,400 inhabitants.

On the morning of March 7th, 1815, Napoléon Bonaparte arrived in the city, where he was given a triumphant reception after leaving exile on Elba on March 1st. From La Mure, Napoléon moved to Laffrey , where he was on the same day on a battalion of King Louis XVIII. met.

For more than a century, the history of La Mure was largely shaped by mining. Around 1806, industrial mining began in the anthracite mines in the area, which was an essential economic factor in the agricultural region.

To transport the coal to Saint-Georges-de-Commiers , a rail link, the Chemin de fer de La Mure , was inaugurated between the two cities in 1888 . Today the line serves as a museum railway .

The last coal mine also closed in 1997.

Population development

year 1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2009
Residents 6.111 6,196 5,522 5,657 5,480 5,190 5.122

Twin town

La Mure has had a town partnership with Marktredwitz in the Fichtelgebirge (Germany) since 1983 . However, the first contacts between the two cities were established as early as 1961: since 1962 there has been an annual student exchange between the Marktredwitz high school and the Lycée in La Mure.


Web links

Commons : La Mure  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Un peu d'histoire - La Mure on (French)