|Bundesstrasse 3 in Germany|
|Operator:||Federal Republic of Germany|
|Start of the street:||
|End of street:||
Weil am Rhein
|Overall length:||755 km|
|Bundesstrasse 3 in Frankfurt (Babenhäuser Landstrasse)|
The federal highway 3 (abbreviation: B 3 ) begins in the Buxtehude district of Ovelgönne , leads via Celle , Hanover , Göttingen , Kassel , Marburg , Gießen , Frankfurt am Main , Darmstadt , Heidelberg , Karlsruhe , Ettlingen , Baden-Baden , Offenburg and Freiburg into the Southwest of the Federal Republic and ends at Weil -Otterbach on the federal border with Switzerland , where it continues as main road 3 or 7 to Basel.
Due to the new construction of bypass roads , it is sometimes called Bundesstraße 3n . In Hesse, the bypasses and new buildings are called Bundesstrasse 3a . In the section from Darmstadt to Wiesloch it bears the (additional) name Ferienstrasse Bergstrasse .
Bundesstraße 3 runs along the route of very old trade and transport routes , some of which were important even before the Middle Ages : A Roman road , partly along the Upper Germanic-Raetian Limes , connected from Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium (CCAA, Cologne ), including Mogontiacum ( Mainz ) with Basilia ( Basel , CH).
The " Geleitstrasse " between Frankfurt am Main and Heidelberg belonged to the Archdiocese of Mainz until 1461 , then from 1461 to 1651 to the Electoral Palatinate . In 1661, the Archdiocese of Mainz and the Landgraviate of Hessen-Darmstadt agreed on the distribution of the revenue from road tolls : The Archdiocese of Mainz organized the convoys on the Frankfurt am Main – Heppenheim section during the Frankfurt Fair , the Landgraviate of Hessen-Darmstadt organized the Convoys at other times.
Expansion to Chaussee in the 18th century
Due to its importance, the Bergstrasse north and south of Heidelberg was expanded into a permanent road ( Chaussee ) as early as 1759 . Since the compulsory labor of the surrounding communities did not bring the quality required for road construction, road construction workers from the Allgäu were recruited from 1763 . From 1771, the sections in Breisgau were also expanded to become an art route.
In northern Germany, too, the Leinetalstrasse between Hanover and Göttingen was expanded into a Chaussee from 1768 onwards. After Hamelner Chaussee (today B 217 ), this street is the oldest art street in Northern Germany. A decade later (1777), the section between Göttingen and Kassel was also expanded into a road.
This was followed by the Hanover-Celle section, which was to be passed through the middle of the Große or Müggenburger Moor. In detail, the following picture emerges: In order to guide the increased movement of goods and people from south to north on safe paths, the government in Hanover gave the planning order for a new route and a paved road from Hanover to Celle in 1776. At that time, the freight transporters, postmen and travelers still had to be content with a poorly developed post road that led via Ramlingen, Engensen and Bothfeld to Hanover.
In 1779 construction began on the Heerstrasse leading from Hanover via Altwarmbüchen, Kirchhorst and Schillerslage to Celle. The residents of all villages that were up to three miles away from her had to do manual and tensioning services free of charge. Up to the point one could fall back on the already existing route of the army and post road Hanover-Burgdorf-Peine-Braunschweig.
In the years 1779 to 1783, Burgdorf had four two-in-hand carriages for the cocking and ten men for the manual service. All 17 employees from Ramlingen were involved in road construction; they performed a total of 443 tensioning and 371 manual services in a nine-hour working day. At the end of 1781 the road to Altwarmbüchen was completed, so that as early as 1782 the postal traffic could be routed via this "new postal route". In 1783 the completion of the route from the Hanoverian Posthof to the Lister Tower was reported. In a lease of May 19, 1784, the completion of the entire road is finally mentioned.
Wilhelm von Hassell speaks of initial difficulties in the further construction: “So it happened that not even the highway from Hanover to Celle, the beginning of which is still denoted by the 'old Celler Heerstraße', could be completed and that it could be continued in three directions : to Braunschweig, to Lüneburg and to Harburg hardly got beyond the first beginnings. "
In the course of the construction of the Bergen military training area, the part of the road that ran across the training area had to be relocated. Between Wardböhmen and the junction Soltau-Süd of the A 7 a new route was built in 1936/37 parallel outside the square. The military uses the old route today for training purposes.
In the 1950s, federal highway 3 in the section between Dibbersen and Nörten-Hardenberg was considered one of the most dangerous and accident-prone highways in what was then Germany. Not only the steadily increasing traffic on this route contributed to this, but also the lack of any bypasses and especially the very inadequate road conditions.
On May 7, 2010, a true-to-original replica of a historical milestone was inaugurated on the traffic island in front of the Ehlershausen train station.
Previous routes and names
|Reichsstrasse 3 in the German Empire|
Today's federal highway 3 crosses numerous formerly independent countries in which the street names were very different.
In the Electorate of Hesse , the street north of Kassel, which was classified as first-class main street in 1831, was called Göttinger Strasse and south of Kassel to the border with the Grand Duchy of Hesse near Fronhausen was called Frankfurter Strasse .
The road from Frankfurt am Main to Basel was designated as Grand Ducal Badische Staatsstrasse No. 1 in 1901 , but in 1907 as Landstrasse No. 1 Frankfurt – Basel .
With the original numbering in 1932, the then Fernverkehrsstraße 3 (FVS 3), renamed Reichsstraße 3 (R 3) in 1934, went beyond the current route via Hamburg to Lübeck . This northernmost section of the route became part of the extended Reichsstraße 75 in 1937 .
In the north, the B 3 is mostly straight. Between Celle and Schillerslage (northeast of Hanover) it is built like a motorway. Here it connects with the A 37 and turns into the Messeschnellweg at the Hannover-Buchholz motorway junction . At the Seelhorster Kreuz , it branches off to the right and connects to the B 6 and the B 65 on the Südschnellweg to the Landwehrkreisel in Oberricklingen . There it branches off to the left in a southerly direction. South of Hanover, it becomes narrower and more curvy, but most of the places up to Göttingen have bypasses.
It is also winding between Borken and Marburg. This route is also used by many trucks, for which the B 3 is a shortcut between Kassel and Gießen or Frankfurt am Main, which has become a heavy burden for the residents of the towns on the B 3. In October 2006, a driving ban for trucks over twelve tons was enforced. At the same time, up until 2007, no expansion was carried out according to the generally accepted standard. A new route was not in the planning approval in 2008 either. The driving ban was in effect on the B 3 from the Borken junction of the A 49 to the intersection with the federal road 62 near Cölbe . With a ruling by the Administrative Court of Kassel in November 2009, this truck driving ban was lifted again. In April 2010, a nocturnal driving ban for trucks over 3.5 tons was ordered on the same route, initially for a limited period. In the following winter, this ban was extended indefinitely and night speed restrictions to 30 km / h in the vicinity of the B 3 were imposed.
From the 1970s to the end of the 1990s, the section from there via Marburg to the connection to the A 485 near Gießen was expanded in sections as a four-lane motorway-like road . In the urban area of Marburg, the line runs in the area of the train station over a length of about 800 m elevated as an elevated road . Due to disputes about environmental sustainability, there were repeated interruptions in the expansion and a two-lane expansion gap of 4.6 km near Weimar (Lahn) between the districts of Niederweimar and Roth , which was closed on May 11, 2011.
In parts, the B 3 will be relocated south of Karlsruhe (see section Bundesstraße 3n). Since July 20, 2009, the B 3 has bypassed Bad Krozingen on a new bypass road to the south-east around the health resort.
Replacements in the past
From the B 3 from the north near Schneverdingen, the B 3n leads to the Schneverdingen junction of the federal motorway 7, which connects the B 3 to the south via its Soltau-Süd junction.
From Kassel to shortly after Borken it was replaced for about 40 km by the federal motorway 49 , which was built between Kassel and Gudensberg on the old route of the federal highway 3 and between Gudensberg and Borken largely parallel to it.
Between Egelsbach and the Offenbacher Kreuz and, since 1995, in the Frankfurt am Main urban area between Friedberger Landstrasse and the Preungesheimer Dreieck, federal highway 3 runs over federal highway 661 . The last-mentioned section was designated as federal highway 3a between 1995 and 2001.
|Bundesstrasse 3n in Germany|
|Operator:||Federal Republic of Germany|
|Overall length:||approx. 5 + 7.5 + 45 + 30 km|
|Development condition:||partially executed|
Road sections are officially designated as federal road 3n , which replace the old B 3 as bypass roads . However, they are usually signposted as the B 3.
Currently (2016) four road sections in Lower Saxony are designated as B 3n:
- In Neu Wulmstorf , one construction phase is under traffic and two are being planned.
- To the east of Schneverdingen , the new B 3 is completely under traffic.
- At Celle , the two southernmost construction sections are under traffic, for the other three there is still no construction permit.
- In Hemmingen it is under construction.
Neu Wulmstorf bypass
The Neu Wulmstorf bypass was opened to traffic on July 11, 2011 as the first construction phase to relocate the B 3 and connect it to the A 26 , which is currently under construction. It runs under the designation B 3neu as a feeder to the future motorway junction Neu Wulmstorf from the L 235 south of Rübke over the Hamburg-Cuxhaven railway line to the B 73 between Buxtehude-Ovelgönne and Neu Wulmstorf where the B3n is now about 3 km east of the previous start of the B 3 ends.
Ketzendorf and Elstorf bypasses
The merger with the route of the B 3 near Elstorf is in planning. For this purpose, the B 3 should serve as a connecting axis between A 1 and A 26 and should be completed by 2028. In the approval process for the second 2.8 km long construction section, a preferred variant for the route should be worked out by spring 2016, on the basis of which the zoning plans should be changed. However, it turned out that it is not possible to determine the eastern or western bypass of the closed Ketzendorf II municipal waste disposal site without making preliminary decisions for the third construction phase. Therefore, both sections must be planned together.
This third construction phase, a continuation as the western Elstorf bypass and reconnection to the B 3 at the level of the K 31 / K 52 (Rosengartenstrasse), was classified in the Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan 2003 as a further requirement without planning rights. The Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan 2030 from August 2016 now categorizes the third construction phase as an urgent need . The preliminary planning has been taking place since 2018 (application conference on August 16, 2018, planning workshop with citizens' delegates on March 22, 2019). On December 11, 2019, the preferred variant was presented as a "2 + 1 cross-section" west of Elstorf with the underpass of the B 73 and overpass of the previous B 3 near Ardestorf. Further planning envisages initiating the planning approval procedure in 2024 and carrying out construction from 2026 to 2028.
East of Schneverdingen
From October 21, 2013 to August 2014, the construction work for the new bypass at Heber and the new "Schneverdingen" motorway exit on the A 7 were carried out. At Heber, a 900 m new line and two 4-armed roundabouts were built in Heber and at the motorway exit. 4000 m of the former K 35 and 2600 m of the former L 170 were rededicated to the new B 3. The section of the former L 170 was upgraded to around 700 m. These new connections were created to relieve the cities of Heber, Bispingen and Soltau as well as the Soltau-Ost motorway exit and to better connect the entire heath region to the A 7.
The third construction project is the bypass east and north of Celle , with a length of 23.9 km. As a result, through traffic is diverted to Celle, there are no traffic lights in the city center and the constant traffic jams in rush hour traffic are prevented. The construction work began at the beginning of 2007 and is divided into five construction phases (1–5, from south to north).
The second section is the "southern part of Celle local bypass Celle" with a length of 3.2 km. It begins in the district of Westercelle, on the old B 3, crosses the Fuhse and meets the federal road 214 east of Celle in the district of Altencelle . This section was completed and opened on June 20, 2013.
Construction phase three is the "middle section of Celle OU Celle" (5.2 km). This runs between Celle and Celle- Altencelle , crosses the Aller north of Altencelle , passes Celle- Lachtehausen to the northeast of Celle and Celle- Altenhagen to the west and ends here at the B 191 . On October 2, 2012, the Lower Saxony Higher Administrative Court of Lüneburg decided, in response to a complaint by the BUND, in its judgment with suspensive effect that this construction section with the Aller crossing may not be started for the time being. After examining the plan approval documents, there were doubts as to whether the provisions of European nature conservation law for the protection of animals, plants and habitats have been adequately taken into account. After the settlement in the lawsuit between the Lower Saxony state authority for road construction and the BUND, the building permit was granted. On November 16, 2019, further construction of the middle section began.
Section four with a length of 2.4 km is the "northern part of OU Celle". It begins on the B 191 and ends on the B 3 between Celle and Celle- Groß Hehlen . The plan approval procedure was initiated on October 26, 2016. [obsolete] On January 16, 2019, a discussion meeting took place.
The fifth and last part "local bypass Groß Hehlen" with a length of about 5.5 km, runs between Celle- Klein Hehlen and Celle-Groß Hehlen, then leads west past Groß Hehlen and meets the B 3 to the north of the place In autumn 2016, a plan approval decision was not expected before 2018 [out of date] .
The western bypass of Hemmingen in Lower Saxony, immediately south of Hanover, has been in preparation since the 1960s. Since a ruling by the Federal Administrative Court on June 9, 2010, building rights have existed for this section of the route. The Federal Ministry of Transport, Building and Urban Development released the required 50 million euros in July 2014. The official start of construction of the 7.5 km long bypass was in December 2014, and it should be completed in September 2019. After delays, the route is planned to be released this year (2020).
Completed sections are, for example, between Rastatt and Baden-Baden-Oos (including junction A 5 Rastatt-Süd), between Sinzheim- Kartung and the Sinzheim train station and between Steinbach via Bühl to Achern . The Sinzheim section is dedicated as Landesstraße 80 until the completion of the gap closure, which is planned and partly under construction until November 2017.
Although the "new" B 3 between Rastatt-Münchfeld and Haueneberstein has already been completed, a new Kuppenheim bypass is planned in the Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan for 2030 as a "further requirement". This is to branch direction Kuppenheim, parallel to the A 5 to Förch over and along the already before the connection point Rastatt-south Daimler - press plant to the 462 B connect -Anschlussstelle Bischweier.
Expansion from 2006 to 2011
In spring 2007, the four-lane expansion of the last two-lane section of 4.6 km between the Weimar districts of Niederweimar and Roth began between Marburg and Gießen . In November 2009 a section of the new carriageway in the direction of Giessen was completed. According to the original plans, the B 3 should be passable in four lanes from Marburg to Gießen from December 2010, which could not be realized due to the early onset of winter. The new line was approved on May 11, 2011.
After the western relocation between Frankfurt am Main, Bad Vilbel and Karben , the construction work will now be continued as far as Friedberg. There, the B 3 connects as a bypass to the Bad Nauheim bypass, which has also been around for a while. Like the section from Frankfurt am Main to Karben, it is initially referred to as B 3a. Construction began at Friedberg in 2006, at the beginning of 2009 several bridges had already been built and the roadway was concreted, in summer 2009 the Friedberg bypass was completed.
Expansion from 2012 to 2017
The Wöllstadt bypass to the south of the Friedberg bypass has been under construction since November 13, 2012. In 2016, the opening of traffic was postponed to summer 2017. This took place on August 14, 2017, and construction will continue until spring 2018 [obsolete] . In addition to connections to the new road, a cycle path will also be set up on the old B 3 between Friedberg and Ober-Wöllstadt.
Further planning projects
From the end of the expansion near Karben to Wöllstadt, the plans in 2016 were still open. Here, the B 3 already runs predominantly on the edge of the settlement area, only the Okarben district is cut through in the settlement area. At Karben, the upgraded route is to remain largely on the existing route in accordance with the preferred variant reported by the Gelnhausen Office for Road Construction and Transport at the latest in 2008 and only to be relocated to the edge of a residential area of Okarben, which is on the slope (Straßberg). As an alternative, a partial enclosure on the existing route was reported. Citizens' initiatives try to influence the planning. A more distant route is required on the one hand, and a route in the route corridor of the existing federal road on the other (as of 2016).
Since August 1, 2012, a truck toll has been levied on the Cölbe - Gießener Nordkreuz section (A480). Also on the Bad Vilbel - Preungesheimer Dreieck route and on two sections between Ehlershausen and Hanover.
Since October 1, 2015, the truck toll has also been in effect between Karlsruhe-Süd (A 5) and Ettlingen-West.
The truck toll has been due on all German federal highways since July 2018.
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- 2. Change
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